AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
For the purposes of this Agreement, a person is a resident of one of the Contracting States:
(a) in the case of Australia, if the person is a resident of Australia for the purposes of Australian tax; and
(b) in the case of Papua New Guinea, if the person is a resident of Papua New Guinea for the purposes of Papua New Guinea tax. 2.
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Agreement if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State. 3.
Where by reason of the preceding provisions of this Article a person, being an individual, is a resident of both Contracting States, then the status of the person shall be determined in accordance with the following rules:
(a) the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which a permanent home is available to the person;
(b) if a permanent home is available to the person in both Contracting States, or in neither of them, the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which the person has an habitual abode;
(c) if the person has an habitual abode in both Contracting States, or if the person does not have an habitual abode in either of them, the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State with which the person ' s personal and economic relations are the closer. 4.
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) a company is a resident of both Contracting States, then its status shall be determined in accordance with the following rules:
(a) it shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which its place of central management and control is situated;
(b) if its place of central management and control is not situated in either Contracting State, it shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which it was incorporated. 5.
Where a trust estate is treated by the laws of both Contracting States relating to tax as a resident or a resident trust estate, it shall not be treated, for the purposes of this Agreement, as a resident of either State.
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