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  • Pay as you go (PAYG) instalments

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    If you earn income from investments such as interest, dividends, rent or royalties, it’s important to plan ahead. Use PAYG instalments to help reduce any potential tax bill when you lodge your tax return.

    How PAYG instalments work

    Pay as you go (PAYG) instalments allow you to make regular payments during the income year towards your expected end of year tax liability. By paying regular instalments throughout the year, you will reduce any potential amount you may have to pay when you lodge your tax return.

    Automatic entry

    We will enter you into PAYG instalments if you meet all of the following criteria:

    • your instalment income – including investment income – from your latest tax return is $4,000 or more
    • the tax payable on your latest notice of assessment is $1,000 or more
    • your estimated (notional) tax is $500 or more (your estimated or notional tax is the amount payable after applying current income tax rates to your instalment income, excluding capital gains, in your most recent tax return).

    We will send you a letter explaining how PAYG instalments work and what you have to do.

    Voluntary entry

    If you’re expecting to make a profit from your investments, it’s a good idea to voluntarily enter PAYG instalments.

    You will need to estimate your annual instalment income and your allowable tax deductions so you can work out the amount of tax to pay by instalments.

    You can voluntarily enter using your myGov account linked to the ATO's online services:

    • go to Tax
    • select Manage
    • then enter PAYG instalments.

    You can also enter through your registered tax agent by phoning us on 13 28 61.

    Calculating your PAYG instalments

    You can choose from 2 options to work out how to pay:

    • instalment amount is the simplest option as you pay the amount we calculate for you
    • instalment rate is when you work out the amount you pay using your investment income and allowable tax deductions and the rate we provide.

    Calculating by instalment rate is best if your instalment income changes a lot and you want to manage your cashflow. You will need to apply the rate to your income for each period.

    Varying PAYG instalments

    You can vary your PAYG instalments on your instalment notice if you think using the current amount or rate will result in you paying too much or too little in instalments for the year. This may happen if your investment income reduces or increases compared to the prior tax year.

    Your variations must be lodged:

    • on or before the day your instalment is due
    • before you lodge your tax return for the year.

    Your varied amount or rate will apply for the remaining instalments for the income year or until you make another variation.

    Use the PAYG instalment calculator to help you work out your new instalment amount or rate.

    Example: PAYG instalment system

    Fiona sells her home in 2019–20 and decides to rent while she invests her profits from the sale, rather than buying a new home straight away.

    Fiona lodges her 2020–21 tax return and reports $10,000 of interest and dividends earned on her investments. She receives her notice of assessment with a tax debt of $1,200.

    Fiona is entered into the PAYG instalments system and starts paying her instalments quarterly. In April 2022, Fiona makes the decision to buy a new home with the money she invested. She can either use myGov or phone the ATO to advise that she no longer has her investments (and therefore no longer has instalment income). Fiona logs onto her myGov account and exits the system.

    The exit will be effective from 1 April 2022 because she continued to receive instalment income for the January–March 2022 quarter. She lodges her March 2022 quarter instalment notice on the due date of 28 April 2022.

    End of example

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      Last modified: 20 Jun 2022QC 59553