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  • Part B Ownership and business continuity test – company and listed widely held trust only

    The 'same business test' and the 'similar business test' are collectively referred to as the 'business continuity test'.

    See also:

    • LCR 2019/1 The business continuity test – carrying on a similar business

    1 Whether continuity of majority ownership test passed

    If the entity has deducted or applied (or, if applicable, transferred in or transferred out) a loss, which was incurred in any of the listed years, print X in the appropriate boxes to indicate whether the entity has satisfied the continuity of majority ownership test in respect of that loss.

    The aim of item 1 is to find out if:

    • the continuity of majority ownership test at section 165-12 of the ITAA 1997 if the entity is a company, or
    • the 50% stake test at Subdivision 269-C of Schedule 2F to the ITAA 1936 if the entity is a listed widely held trust

    has been satisfied in respect of a loss if a loss in any of the periods listed at item 1 is deducted or applied, if the entity is a company or listed widely held trust.

    For more information regarding the operation of the loss rules, see Losses.

    Year of loss

    Print X in the Yes boxes at A to F (as applicable) if, during 2018–19, the entity seeks to deduct or apply a loss of the relevant year and the entity has passed:

    • the continuity of majority ownership test, if the entity is a company, or
    • the 50% stake test, if the entity is a listed widely held trust in respect of the loss of that particular year.

    Print X in the No boxes at A to F (as applicable) for each year in respect of which the entity seeks to deduct or apply a loss, if the continuity of majority ownership test or the 50% stake test, as applicable, has not been satisfied in respect of that loss and the entity is required to satisfy the business continuity test.

    If there was no loss deducted or applied (or, if applicable, not transferred in or transferred out) in respect of a particular year, leave the boxes next to that year blank.

    Examples for part B item 1

    Although examples 3 and 4 are for companies, the examples, notes and comments apply equally to listed widely held trusts (which must satisfy the 50% stake test).

    Example 3

    A company had incurred tax losses in earlier income years. The company deducted all of these tax losses in respect of 2018–19. At the beginning of 2018–19, the company had undeducted losses from 2013–14, 2015–16, 2016–17 and 2017–18. The continuity of majority ownership test was failed during 2015–16 but all other tests for allowing the tax losses to be deducted have been passed by the company.

    On these facts, for the tax losses of 2015–16 and earlier income years, the company has not passed the continuity of majority ownership test.

    Complete part B item 1 as follows:

    Year of loss

    Label

    Yes

    No

    2018–19

    A

    -

    -

    2017–18

    B

    X

    -

    2016–17

    C

    X

     

    2015–16

    D

    -

    X

    2014–15

    E

    -

    -

    2013–14 and earlier income years

    F

    -

    X

     The above example shows that:

    • there was no deduction for a tax loss incurred in 2014–15
    • the company passed the continuity of majority ownership test for the tax losses of 2016–17 and 2017–18
    • the company failed the continuity of majority ownership test for the tax losses of 2013–14 (and earlier income years) and 2015–16.
    End of example

     

    Example 4

    A company that incurred a tax loss in the 2013–14 subsequently undergoes a change in majority ownership in 2014–15. The company satisfies the business continuity test in respect of the 2013–14 tax loss.

    The company incurs a further tax loss in 2015–16 and satisfies the continuity of majority ownership test in respect of this 2015–16 tax loss.

    In 2018–19, the company deducts the tax losses incurred in 2013–14 and 2015–16.

    Print X in the Yes box at D 2015–16 and X in the No box at F 2013–14 and earlier income years.

    End of example

    2 Amount of losses deducted or applied for which the continuity of majority ownership test is not passed but the business continuity test is satisfied – excludes film losses

    The 'same business test' and the 'similar business test' are collectively referred to as the 'business continuity test'.

    See also:

    • LCR 2019/1 The business continuity test - carrying on a similar business

    Write at item 2 the total amount of losses deducted or applied during 2018–19 (if the entity is either a company or a listed widely held trust) and for which the business continuity test must be satisfied.

    In addition to those companies with either tax losses or net capital losses that have not passed the continuity of majority ownership test, this item also applies to listed widely held trusts with tax losses that have not passed the 50% stake test.

    For more information regarding the operation of the loss rules, see Losses.

    G Tax losses

    Write at G the amount of tax losses deducted by the entity that do not meet the continuity of majority ownership test but satisfy the business continuity test.

    H Net capital losses

    Write at H the amount of net capital losses applied by a company that do not meet the continuity of majority ownership test but satisfy the business continuity test.

    Example 5

    A company had the following losses:

    Year

    Tax loss

    Net capital loss

    2012–13

    $1,000

    $

    2013–14

    $2,000

    $

    2014–15

    $

    $500

    2015–16

    $1,600

    $800

    2016–17

    $

    $

    2017–18

    $$10,000

    2,000

    2018–19

    $

    $

    Total

    $14,600

    $3,300

    There was a change in the underlying beneficial ownership of the company in 2016–17.

    The company passed the business continuity test and all other tests in relation to the losses incurred prior to that year and passed the continuity of majority ownership test and all other tests in relation to the 2017–18 losses.

    Tax losses

    All tax losses incurred in 2012–13, 2013–14 and 2015–16 were deducted in 2018–19, as well as $6,000 of the 2017–18 tax loss.

    Net capital losses

    All of the 2014–15 net capital loss and $600 of the 2015–16 net capital loss were applied in 2018–19.

    Of all of the above losses, which are being applied in 2018–19, those which are subject to the business continuity test being satisfied by the company are as follows:

    Tax losses

    • 2012-13 ($1,000)
    • 2013-14 ($2,000)
    • 2015-16 ($1,600)

    Net capital losses

    • 2014-15 ($500)
    • 2015-16 ($600)

    Complete part B item 2 as follows:

    Type of loss

    Label

    Amount

    Tax losses

    G

    $4,600

    Net capital losses

    H

    $1,100

    The 2017–18 tax loss of $6,000 was deducted by the company on the basis that the company had satisfied the continuity of majority ownership test. Therefore this amount is not shown at G Tax losses.

    As $200 of the 2015–16 net capital loss was not applied during 2018–19, that amount of $200 is not shown at H Net capital losses for 2018–19 even though the business continuity test would need to be passed in a later income year in order for the company to be able to apply that net capital loss in a later income year.

    End of example

    3 Losses carried forward for which the business continuity test must be satisfied before they can be deducted or applied in later years - excludes film losses

    The 'same business test' and the 'similar business test' are collectively referred to as the 'business continuity test'.

    See also:

    LCR 2019/1 The business continuity test - carrying on a similar business

    Item 3 asks for information about the tax losses and net capital losses for which the entity must satisfy the business continuity test in subsequent years for the entity to be able to deduct or apply those losses.

    I Tax losses

    Write at I the total amount of tax losses carried forward to later income years for which the business continuity test must be satisfied for the entity to deduct those tax losses in later income years.

    J Net capital losses

    Write at J the total amount of net capital losses carried forward to later income years for which the business continuity test must be satisfied for the company to apply those net capital losses in later income years.

    Example 6

    As at the end of 2018–19, the company had the following losses:

    Year

    Tax loss

    Net capital loss

    2012–13

    $1,500

    $

    2013–14

    $3,000

    $

    2014–15

    $

    $700

    2015–16

    $1,900

    $900

    2016–17

    $

    $

    2017–18

    $1,000

    $1,500

    2018–19

    $

    $

    Total

    $7,400

    $3,100

    A change in the underlying beneficial interests in the company took place during 2016–17. As a result, the company must satisfy the business continuity test for the tax losses and net capital losses.

    As the similar business test has effect from 1 July 2015, applying the business continuity test means:

    • the same business test for income years up to and including the 2014-15 year
    • the same or similar business test for income years after and including 2015-16.
    • The 2017–18 tax loss ($1,000) and the net capital loss ($1,500) are not affected by the change in the underlying beneficial interest of the company.

    The company completes part B item 3 as follows:

    Type of loss

    Label

    Amount

    Tax losses

    I

    $6,400

    Net capital losses

    I

    $1,600

     

    End of example

    4 Do current year loss provisions apply?

    K Is the company required to calculate its taxable income or tax loss for the year under Subdivision 165-B or its net capital gain or net capital loss for the year under Subdivision 165-CB of the ITAA 1997?

    A company is required to calculate its taxable income and tax loss under Subdivision 165-B of the ITAA 1997 where it does not satisfy the continuity of majority ownership test for the whole income year; see section 165-35 of the ITAA 1997. The current year loss provisions also apply where, during the income year, a person begins to control, or becomes able to control, the voting power in the company for the purpose or one of the purposes of gaining an advantage under the ITAA 1997 or gaining such a benefit for someone else; see section 165-40 of the ITAA 1997.

    However, the current year loss rules do not apply in either case if the business continuity test is satisfied.

    For more information on the application of these rules, see Current-year losses.

    Print X in the Yes box at K if the company is required to calculate its taxable income or tax loss under the provisions of Subdivision 165-B or its net capital gain or net capital loss under the provisions of Subdivision 165-CB.

    Print X in the No box at K if the company is not required to calculate its taxable income or tax loss under the provisions of Subdivision 165-B or its net capital gain or net capital loss under the provisions of Subdivision 165-CB.

    Last modified: 30 May 2019QC 58658