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  • Chapter one

    1. The Argus, 21 March 1910; 4 April 1910; Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates (CPD), Vol. 49, 27 May 1909, pp.59, 107, 140; LF Fitzhardinge, That Fiery Particle, 1862-1914, A Political Biography of William Morris Hughes, Vol. 1, p.243; Smith, pp.49-50; Joy, A History of Taxation by the Australian Government, p.11.
    2. Smith, pp.19-20; Joy, p.1.
    3. The Argus, 11 February 1910; CPD, Vol. 49, 27 May 1909, p.155, 23 June 1909, pp.288-89, 297-298, 1 July 1909, pp.656-658; Smith, p.49; Joy, p.11; Australians, Events and Places, p.121; Australians, A Historical Dictionary, p.165.
    4. The Argus, 7 March 1910, 17 March 1910.
    5. The Argus, 21 March 1910.
    6. Election speech meetings and the events that took place at them were well reported. For example: The Argus, 2 February 1910, 22 February 1910, 23 February 1910, 24 February 1910, 14 March 1910, 26 March 1910, 4 April 1910, 9 April 1910, 12 April 1910.
    7. The Argus, 12 April 1910.
    8. Ballarat Courier, 1 April 1915.
    9. Goldstein's election campaign was well reported. For example: The Argus, 8 March 1910, 11 April 1910.
    10. The Argus, 14 January 1910, 7 April 1910, 14 April 1910; Australians, Events and Places, p.122.
    11. The Argus, 16 May 1910; Australians, Events and Places, p.123.
    12. Annual report 1955, pp.89-90; Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia (Official Year Book) 1901-1910, pp.808-809.
    13. The Sydney Morning Herald, 10 December 1910.
    14. The Argus, 3 November 1910,
      9 November 1910; The Sydney Morning Herald, 9 November 1910; ATO Story, Our Story, Commissioners of the Australian Taxation Office.
    15. The Argus, 8 November 1910, 28 November 1910, 30 November 1910, 1 December 1910, 22 December 1910, 9 January 1911, 2 June 1911, 17 June 1911; Annual report 1912 (the first Annual report), pp.3, 7; Annual report 1911-12, pp.17, 42; Annual report 1912-13, p.20. In early years, and during World War Two, reports did not always appear on an annual basis. See Appendix for a complete list.
    16. The Argus, 13 December 1910; Annual report 1912, pp.7-8.
    17. The Argus, 28 January 1911; The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 January 1911.
    18. Report of meeting, 22 June 1916, Item M299/4/1, CRS A7073, National Archives of Australia (NAA); Annual report 1911-12, p.36; The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 January 1911, 29 January 1911, 14 June 1911, 4 July 1911.
    19. The Argus, 13 May 1911; The Sydney Morning Herald, 14 February 1911, 1 June 1911; Annual report 1912, p.6; Annual report 1911-12, p.18; Annual report 1913-14, pp.5, 86; Joy, pp.11-12; Smith, p.50.
    20. The Argus, 13 May 1911; The Sydney Morning Herald, 6 January 1911, 25 January 1911, 20 February 1911; Annual report 1912, pp.10-11; Annual report 1911-12, pp.4, 8, 16; Annual report 1912-13, p.6, 13, 15; Annual report 1913-14, p.7, 16; Interview with Bob Mullins.
    21. Annual report 1912, pp.7-8, 12-13; Annual report 1911-12, pp.8, 18; Annual report 1912-13, pp.20-21; Annual report 1913-14, p.16; Annual report 1912-13-15, p.18.
    22. Annual report 1913-14, p.86.
    23. The Argus, 1 February 1911, 17 February 1911, 16 December 1912; Annual report 1912, pp.8, 11-12; Annual report 1911-12, pp.3, 5-6, 13; Annual report 1912-13, p.5; Annual report 1913-14, p.15; Annual report 1912-13-15, p.18.
    24. Annual report 1912, pp.24-25; Annual report 1911-12, pp.5, 42-43; Annual report 1913-14, pp.17, 19, 88; Annual report 1915-16, p.11; Annual report 1916-17 - 1919-20, p.14; Annual report 1925-26-1928-29, p.14; Smith, p.51; Joy, p.13.
    25. The Argus, 22 June 1911.
    26. Annual report 1915-16, p.89; Australians, Events and Places, pp.121, 126; Joy, pp.2, 14-15.
    27. Andrew Fisher, Election meeting, Colac, Victoria, 31 July 1914, in Sally Warhalt, Well may we say: Speeches that made Australia, Black Inc, Melbourne, 2004, p.74.
    28. Casualty figures are from the Australian War Memorial, www.awm.gov.au; Roger C Thompson, Religion in Australia, A History, pp.60-62; Australians, Events and Places, pp.126-127, 129-132; Joy, pp.1-2.
    29. The Argus, 11 October 1919, 21 March 1919, 22 March 1919; Annual report 1913-14, p.85; Gerald E Caiden, Career Service, An Introduction to the History of Personnel Administration in the Commonwealth Public Service of Australia, 1901-1961, Melbourne University Press, 1965, p.115; Smith, p.51; Joy, p.13.
    30. Annual report 1915-16, p.30; Joy, pp.17-18.
    31. Memorandum, 23 August 1915, Letter, 5 November 1915, Memorandum, 12 May 1916, Letter, 26 June 1916, Memorandum, 18 December 1916, Item J9/1, Minute, 31 March 1916, Item J32/1, Memorandum, 28 October 1915, M323/1/1, Minute, 5 August 1915, Memorandum, 21 June 1916, Item M323/4/1 (1), Memorandum, 3 October 1917, Item J94/4 (1), CRS A7073, NAA; Annual report 1915-16, p.29; Australians, Events and Places, p.128; Smith, p.52.
    32. The Argus, 15 July 1916; The Age, 15 July 1916; The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 July 1915, 14 August 1917; Annual report 1912-13-15, p.5; Annual report 1936-37 - 1937-38, p.15.
    33. Memorandum, 11 October 1917, Cabinet minutes, CRS A7073, NAA; The Sydney Morning Herald, 28 September 1917; Annual report 1915-16, p.4; ATO Story, Our Story, Commissioners of the Australian Taxation Office.
    34. File note 61, CRS A11857, NAA; Annual report 1915-16, pp.83-87, 130; Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, pp.172-173; Joy, p.24.
    35. Annual report 1915-16, pp.130-134; Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, p.211; Annual report 1955-56, p.49; Joy, pp.24-25.
    36. For examples of this kind of correspondence see ATO file, J126/17 (1), Item J97/4 (1), CRS A7073, NAA; Annual report 1915-16, p.29.
    37. Annual report 1915-16, pp.36-37, 41.
    38. The Argus, 19 June 1918.
    39. The Argus, 20 June 1918.
    40. Memo, 19 March 1916; Letter, 8 September 1916; Memorandum, 15 August 1917; Item M323/1/1 (1), CRS A7073, NAA; Annual report 1911-12, p.18; Annual report 1912-13, p.21; Annual report 1913-14, p.85; Annual report 1912-13-15, p.5; Annual report 1915-16, pp.4, 29-30; Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, p.8; Annual report 1959-60, p.18.
    41. Memorandum, 23 December 1917, Item J97/4 (1), CRS A7073, NAA; Annual report 1915-16, pp.34-35.
    42. Annual report 1912-13-15, p.15; Annual report 1915-16, pp.29-30; Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, pp.7-8; Annual report 1936-37-1937-38, pp.14-15; Annual report 1959-60, p.17.
    43. Annual report 1915-16, pp.4, 30; Caiden, p.69.
    44. Reprinted in ATO Newsletter, 1/6, December 1988
    45. An example of a Declaration of Secrecy can be found in the NAA file O'SULLIVAN JD, CRS A6899; Annual report 1915-16, p.30.
    46. File note, 27 June 1919, File note, 28 June 1919, Letter, 28 June 1919, Item O'SULLIVAN, CRS A6899, NAA.
    47. Annual report 1916-17, p.8; Annual report 1959-60, p.18.
    48. Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, p.8; Annual report 1959-60, p.18.
    49. Interview by Samuel Udwin, Tax People, August  1993, pp.6-7.
    50. Annual report 1916-17-1919-20, p.8; Official Year Book, No.13, p.768; Smith, p.54.
      Last modified: 12 Nov 2010QC 23535