Guide to the debt and equity tests
This guide outlines the broad operation of the debt and equity rules in Division 974 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997. The debt and equity rules determine whether an interest is a debt interest or an equity interest.
The guide is divided into two parts:
Explains the debt and equity tests, including how to work out if an interest is to be treated as debt or equity, how to use the debt test to identify debt for thin capitalisation purposes and how the transitional rules operate.
Provides examples of how to apply the tests in various situations.
Some of the terms used in the guide may be new to you. They are explained in paragraphs throughout the guide when first used.