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Passively-held assets

Last updated 29 March 2021

This basic condition allows you to access the concessions for a CGT asset you own where your asset is used or held ready for use in, or inherently connected with, a business carried on by your affiliate, or an entity connected with you, and certain conditions are satisfied.

The following conditions must be satisfied in the income year:

  • your affiliate, or entity connected with you, is a small business entity for the income year, that is, the income year in which the CGT event happens to your CGT asset
  • you do not carry on a business in the income year other than in partnership
  • if you carry on a business in partnership, the CGT asset is not an interest in an asset of the partnership
  • your affiliate or entity that is connected with you at a time in the income year is the same small business entity that carries on the business and uses the asset at that time, and the asset is the same asset that also meets the active asset test at that time.

There is a special rule for calculating aggregated turnover where the basic condition for passively-held assets applies.

An entity that is your affiliate, or is connected with you, is deemed to be an affiliate of, or connected with (as the case may be) the small business entity that uses the asset. This rule only applies if the entity is not already an affiliate or connected with the small business entity. In calculating the aggregated turnover of the small business entity, the turnover of entities that are deemed to be affiliates or connected entities must be included. The calculation of aggregated turnover is otherwise the same.

A special affiliate rule for spouses and children under 18 applies in these cases.


Peter owns land that he leases to a company he wholly owns, Foxxy Farm Pty Ltd, which uses the land in its farming business. Peter does not carry on a business himself.

Peter would be able to access the small business CGT concessions via the small business entity turnover test, depending on the aggregated turnover of Foxxy Farm Pty Ltd.

End of example



Assume the same facts as for the example above, except that Peter has an affiliate, Mike, who carries on a separate business. Mike acts in accordance with Peter's wishes in running his business. The special rule for calculating aggregated turnover will apply to treat Mike as Foxxy Farm's affiliate also. When working out Foxxy Farm's aggregated turnover, Mike's turnover will need to be included.

End of example