# Calculation statement and the amount for labels T5 and S

Last updated 24 July 2023

About the calculation statement and calculating the amounts for labels T5 tax payable and S amount due or refundable.

This statement works out the tax liability (if any) where there is a taxable or net income. It also takes into account amounts that reduce the tax liability. The final outcome is the net amount the company must pay or we will refund.

We use the information you provide in the Calculation statement to calculate the Commissioner’s instalment rate and the Commissioner’s instalment amount for taxpayers under the PAYG instalment system.

Complete the Calculation statement as accurately as possible, so the rate and instalment amounts we calculate result in a reliable estimate of your tax payable.

To work through the Calculation statement on the tax return, begin with the right-hand column at the top.

In the Calculation statement, labels A, B, T1, T5, I and S are mandatory for legal or ATO purposes. Complete these to facilitate smooth processing of the tax return.

## Calculating your T5 Tax payable and S Amount due or refundable

Follow the steps to calculate your T5 Tax payable and S Amount due or refundable in the calculation statement.

### Step 1: Write the following amounts

• If the amount is a positive at item 7 – label T Taxable/net income or loss then write the amount at A Taxable or net income.
• If the amount is a loss at item 7 – label T then write zero (write 0) at label A.
• Include an amount at label A even if it is zero (write 0).
• Complete label A, as it is mandatory.
• Write the totals in the Calculation statement for the following labels:
• From your records, transfer the respective amounts to
• For retirement savings accounts (RSA) providers only
• write at item 19 – label U the amount of no-TFN contributions income; if zero (write 0)
• write at item 19 – label X the amount of tax payable on no-TFN contributions income; if zero (write 0).

### Step 2: Work out the amount at T1 Tax on taxable or net income

See, Appendix 1 for the tax rates.

If any tax is payable (a positive amount) on the amount in the Calculation statement at label A, write this tax payable amount at label T1.

• Include an amount at label T1 even if it is zero (write 0).
• Complete label T1, as it is mandatory.

### Step 3: Work out the amount at B Gross Tax

For information to help you complete this step, see B – Gross tax:

• For RSAs, add label T1 and the amount at item 19 – label X Income tax payable on no-TFN contributions income.
• Write the result at label B.
• For non-RSAs, write at label B the amount from label T1.

### Step 4: Work out the amount at T2 Subtotal 1

For information to help you complete this step, see T2 – Subtotal 1.

• If the amount at label C Non-refundable non-carry forward tax offsets is less than the amount at label B Gross tax
• subtract label C from label B
• write the result at label T2
• go to step 5.
• If the amount at label C is more than or equal to the amount at label B Gross Tax, write zero (0) at labels
• T2T3 Subtotal 2, T4 Subtotal 3 and T5 Tax Payable
• include an amount at label T5 even if it is zero (write 0)
• complete label T5, as it is mandatory

The amount at labels D and F may be carried forward to a later income year (subject to the tax offset carry forward rules in Division 65 of the ITAA 1997)

Copy the amount at label E to label I Tax offset refunds (Remainder of refundable tax offsets

• an amount must be included at label I even if it is zero (write 0)
• complete label I as it is mandatory
• go to step 8.

### Step 5: Work out the amount at T3

For information to help you complete this step, see T3 – Subtotal 2.

• If the amount at label D Non-refundable carry forward tax offsets is less than the amount at label T2
• subtract label D from label T2
• write the result at label T3
• go to step 6.
• If the amount at label D is more than or equal to the amount at label T2
• Write zero (0) at labels T3T4 and T5
• the difference between label T2 and label D (subtract label T2 from label D) may be carried forward to a later income year (subject to the tax offset carry forward rules in Division 65 of the ITAA 1997)
• the amount at label F Franking deficit tax offset may be carried forward to a later income year
• copy the amount at E Refundable tax offsets to I Tax offset refunds
• go to step 8.

### Step 6: Work out the amount at T4

For information to help you complete this step, see T4 – Subtotal 3.

• If the amount at label E is less than the amount at label T3
• subtract label E from label T3
• write the result at label T4
• write zero (0) at label I
• go to step 7.
• If the amount at label E is more than or equal to the amount at label T3
• subtract label T3 from label E and write the result at label I
• write zero (0) at labels T4 and T5
• the amount at label F may be carried forward to a later income year
• go to step 8.

### Step 7: Work out the amount at T5

For information to help you complete this step, see T5 – Tax payable.

• If the amount at label F is less than the amount at label T4
• subtract label F from label T4
• write the result at label T5
• go to step 8.
• If the amount at label F is more than or equal to the amount at label T4
• write zero (0) at label T5
• the result of subtracting label T4 from label F, may be carried forward to a later income year
• go to step 8.

### Step 8: Work out the amount at H Eligible credits

For information to help you complete this step, see H – Eligible credits.

• Add from labels H2 to H8 and write the result at label H.
• Go to step 9.

### Step 9: Work out the amount at S Amount due or refundable

For information to help you complete this step, see S – Amount due or refundable:

• Add labels T5 and G Section 102AAM interest charge, and then subtract labels HI and K.
• Write the result at label S.
• If the amount at label S is positive, that amount is payable by you.
• If the amount at label S is negative, that amount is refundable to you.

Continue to: Calculation statement labels A, T1 and B

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