A trust is an arrangement where a person or company (the trustee) holds assets (trust property) in trust for the benefit of others (the beneficiaries). A super fund is a special type of trust, set up and maintained for the sole purpose of providing retirement benefits to its members (the beneficiaries).
To create a trust, you need:
- trustees or directors of a corporate trustee
- governing rules (a trust deed)
- assets (an initial nominal consideration to give legal effect to the trust can be used, for example, $10 attached to the trust deed)
- identifiable beneficiaries (members).
A trust deed is a legal document that sets out the rules for establishing and operating your fund. It includes such things as the fund’s objectives, who can be a member and whether benefits can be paid as a lump sum or income stream. The trust deed and super laws together form the fund’s governing rules.
The trust deed must be:
- prepared by someone competent to do so as it's a legal document
- signed and dated by all trustees
- properly executed according to state or territory laws
- regularly reviewed, and updated as necessary.
To establish your fund, assets must be set aside for the benefit of members.
If a rollover, transfer or contribution is expected in the near future, a nominal amount (for example, $10) can be held with the trust deed. This amount is regarded as a contribution and must be allocated to a member.
If a member can't contribute to the SMSF (for example, they are over 65 or don't meet the work test), an administrative discretion is automatically applied to allow a nominal contribution for the member. The amount must be allocated to the member, solely for the purpose of registering the SMSF.
Next step:An SMSF is a type of trust. A trust requires trustees, assets and beneficiaries. A trust deed sets out the rules for establishing and operating the fund.