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  • Amounts you do not include as income

    Amounts that you earn or receive that you don’t need to declare as income.

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    Amounts you don't include

    You may receive amounts of money which you don't need to include as assessable income in your tax return. You may still need to report these amounts so we can work out your tax losses or eligibility for tax offsets or benefits.

    We classify the income amounts you don’t include into 3 categories, exempt income, non-taxable and non-assessable, non-exempt.

    Exempt income

    Exempt income is income you don't pay tax on (that is, it is tax-free). However, we use certain exempt income amounts to work out the:

    • tax losses of earlier income years that you can deduct
    • adjusted taxable income of your dependants.

    Exempt income includes:

    • certain Australian Government pensions, such as the:  
      • disability support pension paid by Centrelink to a person who is under age-pension age
      • invalidity service pension paid under the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986 where the veteran is under age-pension age
    • certain Australian Government allowances and payments, such as the  
      • carer allowance
      • child care subsidy
    • certain overseas pay and allowances for Australian Defence Force and Federal Police personnel
    • Australian Government education payments, such as  
      • allowances for students under 16 years old
      • Commonwealth secondary education assistance
    • some scholarships, bursaries, grants and awards
    • a lump sum payment you received on surrender of an insurance policy where you are the original beneficial owner of the policy – generally you do not earn, expect, rely on or regularly receive these payments – examples include  
      • mortgage protection
      • terminal illness
      • a permanent injury occurring at work.

    Non-assessable, non-exempt income

    Non-assessable, non-exempt income is income that we do not assess and you don't pay tax on. It doesn't affect your tax losses.

    Non-assessable, non-exempt income includes:

    • the tax-free component of an employment termination payment (ETP)
    • genuine redundancy payments and early retirement scheme payments shown as 'Lump sum D' amounts on your income statement
    • super co-contributions
    • a payment made on or after 1 January 2020 by a state or territory for loss of income as a result of you performing volunteer work with a fire service of a state or territory in the 2019–20 income year
    • Disaster Recovery Allowance you receive as a result of the bushfires commencing in Australia in the 2019–20 income year
    • Ex-gratia disaster income support allowance for special category visa (subclass 444) holders you receive as a result of the bushfires commencing in Australia in the 2019-20 income year
    • payments by a state or territory relating to the 2019–20 bushfires under the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements 2018External Link

    Other non-taxable amounts

    Generally, you don't declare amounts you receive for:

    • rewards or gifts on special occasions, such as cash birthday presents and gifts from relatives given out of love (however, gifts may be taxable if you receive them as part of a business-like activity or for your income-earning activities as an employee or contractor)
    • prizes you won in ordinary lotteries, such as lotto draws and raffles
    • prizes you won in game shows, unless you receive regular appearance fees or game-show winnings
    • child support and spouse maintenance payments you receive.
    Last modified: 09 Jun 2022QC 31936