Goods and Services Tax Ruling

GSTR 2002/2

Goods and services tax: GST treatment of financial supplies and related supplies and acquisitions

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What this Ruling is about
Date of effect
Background
Ruling with Explanations
Definitions
Detailed contents list

Preamble

This document is a ruling for the purposes of section 105-60 of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953. You can rely on the information presented in this document which provides advice on the operation of the GST system.

[Note: This is a consolidated version of this document. Refer to the Tax Office Legal Database (http://law.ato.gov.au) to check its currency and to view the details of all changes.]

What this Ruling is about

1. This Ruling explains and clarifies what is, and what is not, a financial supply under Division 40 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 (the GST Act) and Part 3-1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Regulations 1999 (the GST regulations).

2. This Ruling also provides guidance on the types of acquisitions that are reduced credit acquisitions and entitle a financial supply provider to a reduced input tax credit under Division 70 of the GST Act and Part 4-2 of the GST regulations.

3. This Ruling applies to all entities that are registered or required to be registered that make, or facilitate the making of, financial supplies. Reduced input tax credits are only relevant to an entity making financial supplies if that entity exceeds the financial acquisitions threshold. This is because an entity that is below the financial acquisitions threshold is entitled to full input tax credits for creditable acquisitions made in carrying on its enterprise.

4. Unless otherwise stated all legislative references in this Ruling are to the GST Act and GST regulations.

5. This Ruling adopts interpretations of the GST Act expressed in other GST public rulings. It also refers to a number of other GST public rulings where it is envisaged that further guidance or more detail on a particular issue may be required. Although these rulings may be specifically expressed not to apply to financial supplies, the general principles in these rulings provide guidance that may apply in the financial supplies context. These public rulings include:

·
GSTR 2000/11 - Goods and services tax: grants of financial assistance;
·
GSTR 2000/15 - Goods and services tax: determining the extent of creditable purpose for claiming input tax credits and for making adjustments for changes in extent of creditable purpose;
·
GSTR 2000/17 - Goods and services tax: tax invoices;
·
GSTR 2000/22 - Goods and services tax: determining the extent of creditable purpose for providers of financial supplies;
·
GSTR 2000/24 - Goods and services tax: Division 129 - making adjustments for changes in extent of creditable purpose;
·
GSTR 2000/31 - Goods and services tax: supplies connected with Australia;
·
GSTR 2000/37 - Goods and services tax: agency relationships and the application of the law;
·
GSTR 2002/5 - Goods and services tax: when is a 'supply of a going concern' GST-free?;
·
GSTR 2001/6 - Goods and services tax: non-monetary consideration; and
·
GSTR 2001/8 - Goods and services tax: apportioning the consideration for a supply that includes taxable and non-taxable parts.

Date of effect

6. This Ruling explains the Commissioner's view of the law as it applies both before and after its date of issue. You can rely on this Ruling on and from its date of issue for the purposes of section 105-60 of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (TAA). Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 1999/1 explains the GST rulings system and the Commissioner's view of when you can rely on this interpretation of the law in GST public and private rulings.

6A. Changes made to this Ruling by Addenda that issued on 25 February 2004, 15 August 2007 and 5 March 2008 have been incorporated into this version of the Ruling.[F1A] You can rely on the changes made to the Ruling by each Addendum for the purposes of section 105-60 of Schedule 1 to the TAA from the date of issue of the relevant Addendum. If the Addendum conflicts with a previous private ruling that you have obtained or a previous public ruling, the Addendum prevails.

6B. If you have relied on a previous ruling (including the public ruling that the Addendum amends), you are protected in respect of what you have done up to the date of issue of the relevant Addendum or, if there is a change to the legislation, you are protected in respect of what you have done up to the date the legislative change takes effect. This means that if you have relied on the previous ruling and have underpaid an amount of GST, you are not liable for the shortfall prior to either the issue date of the relevant Addendum or the date the legislative change takes effect, as appropriate. Similarly, if you have relied on the previous ruling you are not liable to repay an amount overpaid by the Commissioner as a refund.

Background

7. The GST Act provides that financial supplies are input taxed.[F1] Not only financial institutions make financial supplies. You may make financial supplies in the course of carrying on your enterprise if you provide, acquire or dispose of an interest listed in the GST regulations in circumstances that satisfy the requirements for a financial supply under those regulations. No GST is payable on input taxed supplies.

8. You acquire or import something for a creditable purpose to the extent that you acquire or import it in carrying on your enterprise. However, you do not acquire or import it for a creditable purpose to the extent that it relates to making input taxed supplies (such as financial supplies) or is of a private or domestic nature. This means that you are not entitled to input tax credits for an acquisition or importation in those circumstances.

9. There are several exceptions to this general rule for acquisitions or importations that relate to making input taxed supplies. These exceptions include circumstances where:

·
the acquisition or importation is not treated as relating to supplies that would be input taxed; or
·
the acquisition is specified as a reduced credit acquisition within the meaning of Division 70 of the GST Act.

10. An acquisition or an importation is not treated as relating to supplies that would be input taxed to the extent that:

·
the supply you make is through an enterprise or a part of an enterprise that you carry on outside Australia;[F2] or
·
the acquisition or importation relates to a supply consisting of a borrowing[F3] (and the borrowing relates to making supplies that are not input taxed).[F4]

11. Furthermore, an acquisition or an importation is not treated as relating to supplies that would be input taxed if the only reason it would be treated as input taxed is because it relates to making financial supplies and you do not exceed the financial acquisitions threshold.[F5] (The financial acquisitions threshold is described at paragraph 14.)

12. If you do not exceed the financial acquisitions threshold, anything you acquire or import may be for a creditable purpose to the extent you import or acquire it in carrying on your enterprise. However, you do not acquire or import a thing for a creditable purpose to the extent it relates to making other[F6] input taxed supplies or the acquisition or importation is of a private or domestic nature.

13. In addition, Division 70 of the GST Act provides that specified acquisitions (reduced credit acquisitions) that relate to making financial supplies give rise to an entitlement to a reduced input tax credit. The GST regulations specify the acquisitions that are reduced credit acquisitions, and that the reduced input tax credit is 75% of any GST paid.

Financial acquisitions threshold

14. You exceed the financial acquisitions threshold if you make (or are likely to make) financial acquisitions[F7] where the input tax credits related to making those acquisitions would exceed the lesser of:

·
$50,000, or such other amount specified in the regulations; or
·
10% of the total amount of input tax credits to which you would be entitled.[F8]

If you[F9] exceed either of these levels, you will have exceeded the financial acquisitions threshold.

Reduced input tax credits (RITCs)

15. If you do not exceed the financial acquisitions threshold, you cannot claim reduced input tax credits. You may however, be entitled to input tax credits under Division 11. If you exceed the financial acquisitions threshold, a reduced input tax credit is available for reduced credit acquisitions to the extent that the acquisition is for a creditable purpose. You are not entitled to a reduced input tax credit for an acquisition to the extent you are entitled to an input tax credit (or you are denied an input tax credit) for that acquisition under another provision of the GST Act.[F10]

16. Other jurisdictions input tax services that are not directly financial supplies but involve arranging financial supplies. This is done partly to address a self-supply bias that arises where a financial service provider uses inputs that would normally be taxable. Reduced input tax credits were introduced in the Australian context to overcome this self-supply bias.

17. According to the Explanatory Statement to the GST regulations, 'the RITC was designed to reduce the bias to insource and limit any pressure to extend input taxation up the supply chain...'. Where a financial institution purchases a service that is taxable and eligible for an RITC, the tax effect is similar to where the purchased service is input taxed.[F11]

Extent of creditable purpose and changes in creditable purpose

18. Determining the extent of your creditable purpose and making adjustments when your creditable purpose changes is dealt with in Goods and Services Tax Rulings GSTR 2000/15, GSTR 2000/22 and GSTR 2000/24. You should refer to these Rulings for guidance on how to work out your entitlement to input tax credits and how to make adjustments when your actual use is different to your intended use.

Ruling with Explanations

40-5.09 - When is something a financial supply?

19. The GST Act provides that financial supplies are input taxed[F12] and that financial supply has the meaning given by the GST regulations.[F13] 'Supply' has the meaning given by section 9-10 of the GST Act[F14] and includes a financial supply.[F15]

20. The GST regulations identify those supplies that are financial supplies by inclusion and exclusion.[F16] Something is a financial supply only if it is mentioned as a financial supply in regulation 40-5.09 or is an incidental financial supply under regulation 40-5.10.[F17] Regulation 40-5.12 has the effect of excluding things that might otherwise have been included as a financial supply by regulation 40-5.09. Regulation 40-5.12 does not exclude from being a financial supply something that is also an incidental financial supply.[F18]

21. We acknowledge that in interpreting whether the requirements in subregulation 40-5.09(1) are satisfied the regulations can either be read literally or more purposively. If the provisions are interpreted literally, something that is intended to be a financial supply might not be a financial supply. Where a literal reading would have such a result, we read the regulations more purposively to give effect to what we believe was intended. Instances where a literal reading of the provisions would have unintended consequences are discussed at paragraphs 22 to 27.

Supply includes acquisition

22. The provision, acquisition or disposal of something is a financial supply where it satisfies the requirements of the GST regulations. Subsection 9-10(1) provides that a supply is any form of supply whatsoever. Subsection 9-10(2) then lists some examples of supplies, and includes a financial supply at paragraph 9-10(2)(f). While the provision and/or disposal of an interest may be a supply within the ordinary meaning of supply, the word 'supply' does not ordinarily contemplate the acquisition of something. For the purposes of the GST regulations and the GST Act, a supply includes a financial supply and a financial supply includes the acquisition of a financial interest.

23. Where the term 'supply' is used in Part 3-1 of the GST regulations,[F19] we consider that it generally applies to all financial supplies, including the acquisition of a financial interest. 'Supply', in these instances, is read to cover both the supply (provision and disposal) and the acquisition of a financial interest.[F20] This reading is a more purposive interpretation under the rules of statutory interpretation.[F21]

24. In this Ruling, we have used the term 'financial interest' where the thing supplied, or the thing acquired, is mentioned as being a financial supply in the GST regulations. The term 'financial interest' is used to describe a supply that may be a financial supply because it is mentioned in an item in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3) and is capable of satisfying the tests in subregulation 40-5.09(1). The provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest is a financial supply once it satisfies those requirements.

Supply

25. The term 'supply' is used throughout the GST Act and GST regulations both as a noun and as a verb. In some instances in Part 3-1 of the GST regulations, the verb 'supply' is used when we consider the expression 'provision, acquisition or disposal' is intended.[F22] In other instances, 'supply' is used in its more natural sense.

26. In this Ruling, where we use the expression 'supply' we refer to the provision or disposal of a financial interest and where we use the expression 'acquisition-supply', we refer to the supply which is the acquisition of a financial interest. On the other hand, when we use the expression 'acquisition' we refer to the receipt of a supply (whether or not the supply is a financial supply).

Supplier

27. Where the term 'supplier' is used in paragraph 40-5.09(1)(b), it could be substituted with the expression 'provider, acquirer or disposer'.

Provision, acquisition or disposal

28. The provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest mentioned in subregulation 40-5.09(3) or (4) is a financial supply where it satisfies the requirements of subregulation 40-5.09(1).

29. Allotment, creation, grant or issue of an interest is regarded as provision[F23] of the interest. Disposal[F24] of an interest includes assignment, transfer and surrender of the interest. Acquisition[F25] in relation to the provision or disposal of an interest includes acceptance and receipt of the interest.

30. The provision, acquisition or disposal of the interest mentioned in subregulation 40-5.09(3) or (4) must be:

·
for consideration;
·
in the course or furtherance of an enterprise; and
·
connected with Australia.[F26]

31. Furthermore, the financial supplier[F27] must be registered or required to be registered and a financial supply provider in relation to the provision, acquisition or disposal of the interest.[F28] The acquisition of a financial interest from an unregistered supplier may be a financial supply if the acquirer is registered.

32. The connected with Australia requirement poses a difficulty in the context of the acquisition of a financial interest. This is discussed at paragraphs 45 to 77. The term financial supply provider is explained at paragraphs 104 to 106.

Consideration

33. The provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest is a financial supply if it is for consideration and it meets the other requirements of regulation 40-5.09. Thus, a single transaction between two parties can involve two financial supplies - the provision or disposal of an interest for consideration and the acquisition of an interest for consideration.

34. 'Consideration' as used in the GST regulations has the same meaning as in the GST Act.[F29] Consideration is defined in section 195-1 to mean 'any consideration, within the meaning given by section 9-15, in connection with the supply or acquisition'. For there to be a provision, acquisition or disposal of the interest 'for consideration', there must be sufficient nexus between the consideration and the particular supply

35. Consideration for a financial interest is something given for the provision, acquisition or disposal of the financial interest. Part of what is given as consideration may include promises made, or rights granted, under a contract. In the context of financial supplies, the payment received is consideration for the provision or disposal of the financial interest and the payment made is consideration for the acquisition of the financial interest. Where consideration is given for the 'first' supply, there is no need to identify consideration specific to the acquisition-supply (the 'second' supply), as the acquisition will have been made for consideration. Where the financial supply has been made 'for consideration', the acquisition-supply will also be 'for consideration'.

Example 1: Supply and acquisition-supply are for consideration

36. Geo Co. supplies shares to McCulloch for $2,000. The payment of $2,000 by McCulloch is consideration for the provision of the shares (the first supply) by Geo to McCulloch. McCulloch acquires the shares for consideration of $2,000. The acquisition-supply by McCulloch (the second supply) is for consideration.

Consideration relating to a loan

37. When an entity borrows money from a lender on terms that include payment of interest, it creates an interest in a debt that includes the payment of interest. The lender creates and supplies an interest in a credit arrangement. Aside from the operation of section 9-10(4) each entity would make a supply of a financial interest (under item 2 in subregulation 40-5.09(3)) to the other, and each supply would be consideration for the other.

38. However, whatever is supplied as payment by way of creation of a debt is money as defined in section 195-1, and by operation of subsection 9-10(4) is not a supply unless supplied as consideration for a supply that is money.[F30] The supply of an interest in a credit arrangement is not money nor is it a supply of money. Where the consideration for the debt is an interest in a credit arrangement, the interest in debt is not a supply (because it is not provided as consideration for a supply that is a supply of money)

39. The supply of an interest in a credit arrangement is provided for (monetary) consideration (namely the debt) and is a financial supply.

40. Similarly, where an entity borrows money on terms that do not include payment of interest, the borrower creates and provides an interest in debt that is money as defined in section 195-1. The interest in debt is monetary consideration for the supply of an interest in a credit arrangement by the lender.

41. The lender provides an interest in a credit arrangement and the borrower acquires the interest in the credit arrangement provided by the lender. In acquiring the financial interest, the borrower is a financial supply provider of that interest,[F31] and the acquisition-supply is for consideration.

Example 2: Consideration for an interest-free loan

42. Meteor Limited lends $150,000 to Satellite Limited, a subsidiary company that is not part of Meteor's GST group. The loan is for five years and there is no interest payable by Satellite Limited. Satellite Limited supplies an interest in a debt to Meteor Limited, and Meteor Limited supplies an interest in a credit arrangement to Satellite Limited. The consideration provided by Satellite is the interest in a debt and is money as defined in section 195-1. The supply by Meteor of the interest in a credit arrangement is the supply of a financial interest for consideration (the interest in a debt). In acquiring the interest in a credit arrangement, Satellite has made an acquisition-supply for consideration.

Financial supply given as consideration for a financial supply

43. Where a transaction involves the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest in return for another financial interest, the transaction may give rise to four financial supplies. That is, both sets of supplies to the transaction will be comprised of a financial supply and an acquisition-supply. An example of this is a share swap. This is a result of the acquisition-supply itself being a financial supply and does not cause any unintended consequences. Input tax credits are denied in respect of any acquisitions that relate to making the financial supplies (unless the acquisitions are reduced credit acquisitions).

Course or furtherance of an enterprise

44. See Goods and Services Tax Rulings GSTR 2001/5 and GSTR 2000/15, Miscellaneous Taxation Ruling MT 2000/1 and Goods and Services Tax Determination GSTD 2000/8 for an explanation of what is meant by 'carrying on an enterprise' and 'in the course or furtherance of an enterprise'.

When is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest connected with Australia?

45. The Dictionary[F32] to the GST regulations provides that 'connected with Australia' in relation to a financial supply has the meaning given by section 9-25 of the GST Act. Subsection 9-25(5) of the GST Act sets out when the supply of anything other than goods or real property is connected with Australia.

46. It is arguable that while subsection 9-25(5) may apply to the provision or disposal of a financial interest, it cannot apply to the acquisition of a financial interest. This is because, while the provision or disposal of a financial interest is a supply within the ordinary meaning of supply, that term does not usually contemplate an acquisition. (See paragraph 22.)

47. The literal interpretation of subsection 9-25(5) of the GST Act may result in an operation for regulation 40-5.09 that is clearly not intended. That is, on a strict reading of the subsection, the acquisition of a financial interest might never be connected with Australia and might therefore never be a financial supply. The GST regulations clearly contemplate that the acquisition of a financial interest, as well as the provision and disposal of a financial interest, is capable of being a financial supply.

48. The expression 'connected with Australia' is used consistently throughout the legislation and in our view the intention is to apply the connected with Australia test as contained within subsection 9-25(5) to the acquisition of financial interests and to financial supplies in general.

49. Therefore, in determining whether the provision, acquisition or disposal of the interest is connected with Australia the tests contained in subsection 9-25(5) are relevant. These tests are alternatives, so that the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest may be connected with Australia if either:

·
the thing is done in Australia (see paragraphs 51 to 66); or
·
the provision, acquisition or disposal of the interest is made through an enterprise that the supplier carries on in Australia (see paragraphs 67 to 77).[F33]

In the context of financial supplies, the supplier is the provider, acquirer, or disposer of the financial interest.

50. Paragraphs 51 to 77 draw on the principles dealing with when something is connected with Australia as set out in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/31. While consideration of financial supplies does not form part of Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/31, we believe that the principles set out in that Ruling are relevant in the financial supplies context and paragraphs 51 to 77 are intended to illustrate that.

Thing is done in Australia

51. 'Thing' is defined to mean anything that can be supplied or imported[F34] and includes a service, advice, information, rights, obligations to do anything, or any combination of these things. It therefore includes interests that are financial supplies, regardless of whether the financial supply arises from the provision, acquisition or disposal of the financial interest. 'Thing', in the context of paragraph 9-25(5)(a), is what is supplied. It is the subject of the supply (or acquisition-supply). Under paragraph 9-25(5)(a), the connection with Australia requires that the 'thing' being supplied is 'done' in Australia.

52. Thus, in establishing whether a thing is done in Australia it is important to identify:

·
what is the 'thing' that is being supplied; and
·
where that 'thing' is done.

53. The meaning of 'done' depends on the nature of the 'thing' being supplied. 'Done' can mean, for example, created, accepted, performed, executed, completed, or finished depending on what is supplied. In the context of financial supplies, a conclusion about where the provision or disposal of the financial interest is 'done' may also determine where the acquisition of the financial interest is done. This is discussed further at paragraphs 61 to 66.

Supply of a service

54. If the 'thing' being supplied is a service, the supply of that service is typically done where the service is performed. If the service is performed in Australia, the service is done in Australia and the supply of that service is connected with Australia. This is the case even if the recipient of the supply is outside Australia.

The creation, grant, transfer, assignment or surrender of a right

55. If the supply is the creation, grant, transfer, assignment or surrender of any right, the thing that is being supplied is the creation of that right in the recipient, the granting, transfer, or assignment of that right to the recipient, or the surrender of that right.

56. The thing is done where the right is created in that other person, granted, transferred or assigned to that other person or surrendered as the case may be.

57. Whether a right is created, granted, transferred, assigned or surrendered in Australia will depend on how, in any given case, the creation, grant, transfer assignment or surrender is effected. For example, if the right is granted by the execution of a written contract, the grant of that right is done in Australia if that contract is made in Australia.

Entry into, or release from, an obligation

58. If the supply is the entry into an obligation to do anything, to refrain from an act, or to tolerate an act or situation, the thing that is being supplied is the entry into an obligation to do something, to refrain from something, or to tolerate something. The thing is done where the obligation is entered into.

59. If the supply is the release from an obligation, the thing that is being supplied is that release and the thing is done where the release is effected.

60. Whether an obligation is entered into, or the release from an obligation occurs, in Australia, will depend on where the entry into, or the release from, the obligation is effected.

The provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest

61. Where the supply is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest, the connection with Australia turns on whether the interest is provided[F35], acquired[F36], or disposed[F37] of in Australia. Whether an interest is provided, acquired or disposed of in Australia will depend on how, the provision, acquisition or disposal[F38] is effected. For example, if the interest is created, issued or transferred by the execution of a written contract, the creation, issue or transfer of that interest is done in Australia if that contract is made in Australia.

Example 3: Provision of a financial interest - the thing is not done in Australia

62. Quokka Australia Ltd buys shares in a New Zealand company Bilby Ltd through a broker in New Zealand. The contract for purchase is made in New Zealand. The issue (or provision) of the interest in the securities is done in New Zealand as this is where the contract is made. (The supply may still be connected with Australia if made through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia - see paragraphs 49 and 67.)

Example 4: Provision of a financial interest - thing is done in Australia

63. Mekka New Zealand Ltd buys shares in an Australian company, Kanga Ltd, through a broker in Australia. The contract for purchase is made in Australia. The issue (or provision) of the interest in the securities is done in Australia, as this is where the contract is made.

Example 5: Supply of a guarantee - the thing is done in Australia

64. Constructa Ltd, an Australian construction company has a contract to build warehouses in Malaysia for a South-East Asian importer, Dragon Imports. Dragon Imports requires Constructa Ltd to provide a bank guarantee to finance completion of the project. An Australian bank agrees to provide the guarantee for a fee to be paid by Constructa Ltd. Constructa pays the fee and the guarantee documents are drawn up and executed in Australia. Although the obligee and the project guaranteed are both outside Australia, the creation (or provision) of the interest under the guarantee is done in Australia, as that is where the guarantee agreement is signed.

65. Where the supply is connected with Australia because the thing is done in Australia, the acquisition-supply will also be connected with Australia.

Example 6: Acquisition of financial interest - the thing is done in Australia

66. Manx Australia Ltd buys shares from a New Zealand company, Bobtail Ltd. The contract for purchase is made in Australia. The issue of the interest in the securities is done in Australia, as this is where the contract is made. The supply of the shares is therefore connected with Australia. The acquisition of the interest in the shares is also done in Australia. Therefore the acquisition-supply is connected with Australia and is GST-free if it satisfies the requirements of subsection 38-190(1). (See paragraphs 144 to 170.)

Supply made through an enterprise that the supplier carries on in Australia

67. Even if a thing is not done in Australia, it may still be connected with Australia if it is supplied through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia.

68. For GST purposes, the concept of carrying on an enterprise in Australia is defined in terms of the definition of 'permanent establishment' in subsection 6(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 ('ITAA 1936'). An enterprise is carried on in Australia if the enterprise is carried on through a place in Australia that is a permanent establishment or would be a permanent establishment if the definition in subsection 6(1) of the ITAA 1936 did not have specific exclusions. Under paragraph 9-25(6)(b) of the GST Act, the qualifying or excluding paragraphs (e), (f), or (g) in the ITAA 1936 definition are disregarded. This means that the concept of enterprise in the GST Act is wider in scope than the meaning of permanent establishment under the Income Tax Assessment Act.

69. A supply of a thing (other than goods or real property) is connected with Australia if the supplier carries on an enterprise in Australia by means of a GST permanent establishment in Australia and the supply is made through the permanent establishment.

70. Both a resident and a non-resident can have a GST permanent establishment in Australia for the purposes of the application of paragraph 9-25(5)(b). It is not limited in operation to non-residents.

71. In the context of financial supplies, the supplier will be the provider, acquirer, or disposer of the financial interest. A financial supply made by the supplier, although 'done' or made offshore, will be connected with Australia if it is made through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia. However, a supply of a service or anything other than goods or real property to an offshore recipient may be GST-free under section 38-190 (see paragraphs 144 to 170).

Example 7: Supply through an enterprise

72. An American company, Marvel Inc. has been advised to invest in medium-term notes issued by an Australian company, Big Blue. Big Blue issues its medium-term notes to a number of dealers who then on-sell the notes into the secondary market. Two of these dealers are Blue Chip Australia, a dealer that carries on its enterprise in Australia, and Integrity Plus, a dealer that carries on its enterprise in Europe. Marvel Inc. acquires ten million dollars worth of notes from each of these two entities.

73. The ten million dollars worth of notes acquired from Blue Chip Australia are supplied through an enterprise carried on in Australia and the supply is connected with Australia. (The acquisition-supply by Marvel is also connected with Australia if done in Australia.)

74. The ten million dollars worth of notes acquired from Integrity Plus are not supplied through an enterprise carried on in Australia and the supply is not connected with Australia. (The acquisition-supply by Marvel is not made through an enterprise carried on in Australia nor done in Australia and therefore is not connected with Australia.)

75. Where a supply is not connected with Australia because it is neither done in Australia nor made through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia, the acquisition-supply may still be connected with Australia if the acquisition is made through an enterprise the acquirer carries on in Australia. The test in subsection 9-25(5) is applied to both the supply and the acquisition-supply.

76. This means that even where the thing is not done in Australia, if the recipient of the 'first' supply acquires the thing through an enterprise it carries on in Australia, the acquisition-supply (the second supply) is connected with Australia. This is the case, whether or not the 'first' supply was made through an enterprise the first supplier carries on in Australia.

Example 8: Acquisition-supply made through an enterprise carried on in Australia

77. Boxer Ltd, a resident Australian company that carries on an enterprise only in Australia, buys shares from a New Zealand company, Terrier Ltd. The contract is made in New Zealand and Terrier Ltd does not carry on an enterprise in Australia. The supply is not connected with Australia as the thing (the provision of the shares) is not done in Australia, nor is the supply made through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia. The acquisition-supply is connected with Australia as the acquisition of the shares is made through an enterprise Boxer Ltd carries on in Australia. The acquisition-supply is GST-free if it satisfies the requirements of subsection 38-190(1). (See paragraphs 144 to 170.)

What is an 'interest' in relation to a financial supply?

78. Regulation 40-5.02 provides that an interest in relation to a financial supply is anything that is recognised at law or in equity as any form of property. Examples include:

·
A debt or a right to credit;
·
An interest conferred under a public or private superannuation scheme;
·
A mortgage over land or premises;
·
A right under a contract of insurance or a guarantee;
·
A right to receive a payment under a derivative; and
·
A right to future property.

79. The term 'interest' is taken to be very broad even taking into account the use of the word property. The above examples are property or proprietary rights on a broad interpretation of the term and do not extend or contradict the generally accepted concept of 'property'. The examples indicate that the term is given its broadest application so that an interest is as wide as the legal and equitable concept of property, including rights arising under a contract.

80. This view is supported by judicial decisions that look to the relevant legislation for assistance in interpreting the term 'property'. The fact that a right is not assignable does not mean that it cannot be a proprietary right.

81. In their judgment in Federal Commissioner of Taxation v. Orica Ltd[F39] Gaudron, McHugh, Kirby and Hayne JJ considered the nature of a proprietary interest for the purposes of Part IIIA[F40] of the ITAA 1936. In discussing the term 'any form of property' in section 160A of the ITAA 1936, they cited with approval a statement by Kitto J in National Trustees Executors & Agency Co. of Australasia Ltd v. FC of T[F41]:


'It may be said categorically that alienability is not an indispensable attribute of a right of property according to the general sense which the word 'property' bears in the law. Rights may be incapable of assignment, either because assignment is considered incompatible with their nature, as was the case originally with debt (subject to an exception in favour of the King) or because a statute so provides or considerations of public policy so require, as is the case with some salaries and pensions; yet they are all within the conception of 'property' as the word is normally understood...'

Gummow J, in discussing the judgment of the lower court in ICI Australia v. FC of T,[F42] observed that neither of the cases considered in relation to 'property' was dealing with rights created under the general law of contract and that it was those rights that were the subject of the case under consideration. He concluded that the contractual rights, whether or not assignable, were property for the purposes of Part IIIA of the ITAA.

Interest in or under

82. In the context of regulation 40-5.09, we do not ascribe any specific technical significance to establishing whether something is covered as an interest in or an interest under an item in the table. Regulation 40-5.09 also covers those transactions where by nature, the interest being supplied arises under (rather than in) an item mentioned in the table.

83. For example, in the case of an interest rate swap contract each party provides the other party with the right to receive a series of cash flows. The proper characterisation of the supply of each party's property is the provision of an interest under an interest rate swap (derivative) contract. Each party will also make a supply of the acquisition (the acquisition-supply) of an interest under an interest rate swap (derivative) contract.[F43]

84. The interest must be an interest in, or under, one of the categories set out in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3). These categories are:

·
An account made available by an Australian ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) in the course of its banking business or its State banking business. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 1);
·
A debt, credit arrangement or right to credit, including a letter of credit. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 2);
·
A charge or mortgage over real or personal property. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 3);
·
Specified superannuation arrangements. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 4);
·
An annuity or allocated pension. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 5);
·
Specified life insurance business or related reinsurance business. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 6);
·
A guarantee, including an indemnity (except a warranty of goods or a contract of insurance or reinsurance). (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 7);
·
Credit under a hire purchase agreement. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 8);
·
Australian currency or foreign currency or agreements to buy or sell those currencies. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 9);
·
Securities. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 10); and
·
Derivatives. (Subregulation 40-5.09(3), item 11)

85. The provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest may be covered by more than one item in subregulation 40-5.09(3). The supply need satisfy only one item in the subregulation to be a financial supply, although it may be classified under more than one. Similarly, the acquisition-supply may be classified under more than one item. Conversely, something need only be mentioned in one item under 40-5.12 to be excluded from being a financial supply. (See paragraph 189.)

86. So long as the provision, acquisition or disposal is of something that is within one of the items listed in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3), and meets the other requirements of regulation 40-5.09, it is a financial supply.

87. As stated at paragraph 79, 'interest' within Part 3-1 of the GST regulations includes rights arising under a contract. An interest in or under particular items in regulation 40-5.09 may include contractual rights. The acquisition of an interest in a bank account, for example, includes the acquisition of the contractual rights in relation to the operation of that bank account.

88. The supply of an interest in any of the items in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3) may be viewed as a single supply, a composite supply, a mixed supply or a series of separate supplies depending on the facts in each case. (Mixed and composite supplies are explained at paragraphs 91 to 98.)

Example 9: Single supply of an interest in an item in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3)

89. Nostrum has a loan with Multilender, a lending institution. Multilender provides Nostrum with a statement of interest paid every six months for a fee. The entitlement to a statement of interest paid is given as part of an interest in or under a loan account. The provision of the statement of interest paid is part of the single supply of the account that is an input taxed supply. (It might also be characterised as a composite supply - see paragraph 91.)

Example 10: Supply of something that is an interest in or under an item and something that is not an interest in or under an item

90. Handee Lifters enters into a hire purchase agreement with Remarkable Finance to purchase a car. Under the agreement, Remarkable supplies Handee with both a car and credit (separately charged and disclosed) in relation to that car. The provision of the credit is an interest under a hire purchase arrangement in relation to goods and is a financial supply. However, in substance and reality the supply of the car is not the supply of an interest in or under one of the items listed in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3). It has a separate identity and aim in itself. Therefore, the supply of the car is not a financial supply. (The supply might also be characterised as a mixed supply - see paragraph 91.)

Mixed and composite supplies

91. If you make a supply that contains separately identifiable taxable and non-taxable parts, it is a mixed supply. A composite supply on the other hand is essentially a supply of a single thing. If you make a supply that contains a dominant part and includes something that is integral, ancillary or incidental[F44] to that part, then the supply is composite. The word 'incidental' in this context is not to be confused with the term when used in connection with an incidental financial supply.

92. Where a supply contains a part that is a taxable supply and another part that is a financial interest, the relevant facts will determine the treatment of the supply. If it is a composite supply, there will be no need to separate the part that is a financial interest from the taxable part, as one is so integral, ancillary or incidental to the other part of the supply that it cannot be separately identified. If on the facts it is a mixed supply then you will need to separate the parts of the supply.

Example 11: Composite supply

93. Big Truck Haulage Company enters into a contract to transport goods for the Economy Group of retail stores. Under the contract, Big Truck indemnifies the Economy Group for any loss or damage caused by Big Truck's drivers. The drivers are independent contractors that provide their own vehicles.

94. The supply contracted for is the transport of goods in a timely way and undamaged state. The indemnity under this contract is integral, ancillary or incidental to this supply and can not be separated out and treated as a financial supply.

Example 12: Mixed supply

95. Convenient Co. provides a charge card called 'The Super Convenient Card' to Nastro. Under the agreement for The Super Convenient Card, Nastro is provided with a charge card facility and the additional benefit of 24-hour roadside assistance. The annual fee charged for the Super Convenient card is $95. The annual fee charged for charge cards without the additional benefit of roadside assistance is $30.

96. The brochures for the different cards provided by Convenient Co emphasise the benefits and convenience of the Super Convenient Card. The brochures suggest that cardholders of charge cards without the roadside assistance change from their existing charge card to the Super Convenient card to access the roadside service. The brochures also detail the advantages to the Super Convenient road side assistance compared to road side assistance provided through other organisations.

97. Neither of the things embodied by the agreement can be viewed as the dominant part with the other part being integral, ancillary or incidental to it. Under the agreement, the supply can be characterised as consisting of a distinct taxable part (the roadside assistance) and a distinct non-taxable part (an interest in a credit arrangement or a right to credit) each of which can be enjoyed independently of the other. Accordingly, Convenient Co. has made a mixed supply of taxable and input taxed parts to Nastro.

98. Apportionment of consideration for a supply that includes taxable and non-taxable parts is discussed in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8.

Money as consideration for money[F45]

99. While 'money' is not specifically listed in the GST regulations as an item that is a financial supply, many financial supplies involve money like transactions. The definition of supply excludes a supply of moneyunless the money is provided as consideration for a supply that is a supply of money.[F46] Therefore, where the consideration for a supply is money, the consideration will not itself be a supply unless the other supply is also money.

Example 13: Money is not a supply

100. Shaun sells goods to Mae Ling for $100. Shaun is making a supply for consideration of $100. Mae Ling is not making a supply because the $100 is provided as consideration for a supply of goods and not as consideration for a supply of money.

Example 14: Money is a supply

101. Jeanette buys a money order from PostOffice Co. for $200 (in cash). A money order comes within the definition of money in section 195-1. Jeanette is making a supply as she provides the $200 as consideration for a supply of money, namely the money order. PostOffice Co. is making a supply, as the money order is provided as consideration for a supply of money (the $200).[F47]

102. An acquisition includes the acquisition of something the supply of which is a financial supply.[F48] However, an acquisition does not include an acquisition of money unless the money is provided as consideration for a supply that is a supply of money.[F49]

Financial supply provider or financial supply facilitator

103. The GST regulations distinguish between a financial supply provider[F50] and a financial supply facilitator.[F51] The Explanatory Statement[F52] states that these definitions are used to avoid confusion between the provision of the actual financial supply and another supply made in connection with it (such as agency services).

Financial supply provider

104. An entity is the financial supply provider of an interest if:

·
the interest was the entity's property immediately before the supply (for example, an entity sells a debenture that it owns);
·
the entity created the interest when making the supply (for example, an entity issues a debenture); or
·
the entity acquires the interest supplied (for example, an entity acquires a debenture).[F53]

105. Whether or not an entity is a financial supply provider in relation to an interest will depend on the facts. For example, when an entity provides a mortgage over real property to a bank it creates an interest in a mortgage and is a financial supply provider of that interest.[F54] The bank acquires the interest in the mortgage created by the entity and is a financial supply provider in relation to that acquisition-supply.

106. Regulation 40-5.06 gives an acquirer of a financial interest the status of a financial supply provider. However, the acquisition-supply is only a financial supply if the other conditions of subregulation 40-5.09(1) are met.

Financial supply facilitator

107. A financial supply facilitator is an entity that facilitates the supply of an interest for the financial supply provider.[F55] The supply by a financial supply facilitator, in that capacity, is not a financial supply.[F56] A supply by a facilitator will be a taxable supply, unless it is not taxable under another provision of the GST Act (for example, it is GST-free or input taxed). Only the financial supply provider in relation to a particular supply can make a financial supply of that thing, as only the provider can satisfy the requirements of subregulation 40-5.09(1)(b)(ii).

108. For example, if Alpha sells shares to Beta but does so through Xanthe, a broker, Alpha is making the financial supply of the shares to Beta and Xanthe is making the supply of brokerage services. The financial supply is input taxed, whilst the brokerage services are taxable.

109. Certain acquisitions from a financial supply facilitator qualify as reduced credit acquisitions. This is explained further at paragraphs 257 to 265.

Acquisition of a financial interest

110. As stated at paragraph 43 above, the acquisition of a financial interest can be both an acquisition and a financial supply. The acquirer of the financial interest both acquires and supplies a financial interest, that is, it makes a supply of the acquisition (or the 'acquisition-supply').

Why is an acquirer also a financial supply provider?

111. The intention is that neither the supplier nor the acquirer of a financial supply should be able to claim input tax credits in relation to the supply or acquisition of the financial supply. This is achieved by denying a creditable purpose to both parties to a transaction in which there is a financial supply.

112. The entity that makes or supplies the financial interest and the entity that acquires the financial interest have both made financial supplies.[F57] Therefore, anything acquired or imported that relates to making those supplies is not for a creditable purpose, and each entity is denied input tax credits for those acquisitions or importations.

Example 15: Supply and acquisition-supply

113. S&T Galore is registered for GST and carries on an enterprise in Australia as a share trader. S&T Galore buys and sells shares in the course of carrying on that enterprise. Both the sale and the acquisition of the shares are financial supplies and S&T Galore is denied input tax credits for acquisitions and importations that relate to making those financial supplies. S&T Galore will be entitled to reduced input tax credits for things acquired in making those financial supplies that are reduced credit acquisitions (for example brokerage). Assuming the other conditions in regulation 40-5.09 are satisfied the acquisition-supply in each case is also a financial supply.

Who is the recipient of the acquisition of a financial interest?

114. A financial supply that consists of the acquisition of a financial interest may not involve anything other than consideration passing from the acquirer to the provider. For example, Nudge Pty Ltd sells shares to Wink Pty Ltd for $20,000. Wink Pty Ltd has acquired a legal interest in the shares and arguably all Nudge Pty Ltd has received in return is the money.

115. A recipient in relation to a supply is defined in section 195-1 as meaning the 'entity to which the supply is made'. A financial supply consisting of the acquisition of a financial interest is treated by the legislation as being 'made to' a recipient, so that it does not matter that the recipient of the acquisition-supply may not actually receive something. The GST regulations treat the receipt of this interest by the acquirer as being a supply to the provider. Therefore, in the example above, Nudge Pty Ltd provides legal title in the shares and Wink Pty Ltd acquires the interest in those shares. In acquiring those shares, Wink Pty Ltd makes a supply of the acquisition (an acquisition-supply) and Nudge Pty Ltd is taken to have received that supply.

116. One consequence of this interpretation is that the acquisition of a financial interest as well as the provision, and disposal of a financial interest will be GST-free if it satisfies the requirements of subsection 38-190(1). (See paragraphs 144 to 170).

Regulation 40-5.10 - What is an incidental financial supply?

117. As stated at paragraph 20, the supply or acquisition of a financial interest is a financial supply if it is mentioned as:

(a)
a financial supply in regulation 40-5.09; or
(b)
an incidental financial supply in regulation 40-5.10.[F58]

118. For a supply to be an incidental financial supply, the requirements of regulation 40-5.10 must be satisfied. That is, something is an incidental financial supply, if it is:

·
supplied by the same supplier to the same recipient as the original financial supply; and
·
supplied directly in connection with a financial supply.

Further, the thing supplied will only be an incidental financial supply where it is:

·
incidental to the financial supply; and
·
supplied at or about the same time, as the financial supply but not for separate consideration; and
·
the usual practice of the entity to supply the thing (or similar things) and the financial supply together in the ordinary course of the entity's enterprise.

Composite supply versus incidental financial supply

119. A composite supply is essentially the supply of a single thing. Composite supplies contain one dominant part and also include something that is integral, ancillary or incidental to that part. Regulation 40-5.10, on the other hand, contemplates the supply of two things, one of which is a financial supply, for a single consideration. Where one of the things is an incidental financial supply, you do not need to determine whether there is a mixed or composite supply.

120. The term 'incidental' when used in the context of an incidental financial supply has a meaning different from its meaning when used in the phrase 'integral, ancillary or incidental' in relation to a composite supply.[F59] (See paragraphs 133 to 135.)

121. In practice, it may be difficult to identify something that is an incidental financial supply, because supplies that fit the definition of an incidental financial supply may, in many cases, also be described as a composite supply.

122. Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 provides an entity with the option to treat a minor part of the supply as integral, ancillary or incidental if the consideration that would be apportioned to it (if it were part of a mixed supply) does not exceed the lesser of $3.00 or 20%. However, the Ruling also states that you cannot apply this approach where a provision of the GST Act specifically requires you to treat a part of a supply a particular way.

123. We do not consider that the approach in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 displaces, or should displace, regulation 40-5.10. Regulation 40-5.10 deals specifically with incidental financial supplies and provides its own tests of what is an incidental financial supply. Some things may be incidental financial supplies even though they are part of a mixed supply and would not be integral, ancillary or incidental under the approach mentioned above.

124. Regulation 40-5.10 operates in a way similar to the option given in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 to treat a minor part of the supply as incidental. As stated at paragraph 119, an incidental financial supply is essentially the supply of two things, one of which is a financial supply. Applying the principles in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8, this would be characterised as a mixed supply. A composite supply, on the other hand, is essentially the supply of a single thing.

125. In making something an incidental financial supply, regulation 40-5.10 has the effect of treating something that is the supply of more than one thing as a composite supply. However, even if the conditions in regulation 40-5.10 are not met, the supply may still be a composite supply if, applying the principles in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8, it would be one.

When is something 'directly in connection with' a financial supply?

126. The ordinary meaning of 'directly in connection with' contemplates a direct or immediate link or association.

127. The expression 'directly in connection with' used in regulation 40-5.10 of the GST regulations is also used in the New Zealand GST legislation to determine the link necessary between a supply and goods or real property before the supply can be treated as zero-rated.[F60] In examining the expression, the New Zealand courts have found that there must be a direct relationship with the goods or real property.[F61]

128. In the financial supply context, in establishing whether a supply is directly in connection with a financial supply, you look at the supply and determine whether that supply has the requisite connection with the financial supply. For a supply to be 'directly in connection with' a financial supply, the supply must have a direct relationship with the financial supply. A causal relationship may be sufficient to determine that a supply is directly in connection with a financial supply for the purposes of regulation 40-5.10.

129. A supply has a direct relationship with a financial supply where the supply:

·
is readily identifiable as having occurred because of the financial supply; and
·
would not occur if there were not a financial supply.

130. The provision of information or advice that does not have a direct relationship to a financial supply would not be 'directly in connection with' a financial supply.

Example 16: Directly in connection with a financial supply

131. Paddie SuperFund has an Internet site that its members can use to access information about their superannuation entitlements under their membership account. When members join the fund, Paddie offers training sessions in how to access and use the site. The fee for joining the fund includes the training sessions. The supply of the training sessions is directly connected to the supply of an interest in the superannuation fund because without the supply of the interest in the superannuation fund, the training sessions would not be provided and they have no value or purpose of their own. Where the other requirements of regulation 40-5.10 are satisfied the supply of the training sessions will be an incidental financial supply.

Example 17: Not directly in connection with a financial supply

132. Goldenweb Ltd is a promoter of managed investment schemes and property developments. When an entity invests in a managed investment scheme, part of the package of information provided is an invitation to a luncheon presentation on inner city townhouse developments currently being marketed by Goldenweb. The invitations are available to the general public from Goldenweb's reception desk and are also distributed by letterbox drop the week before each presentation. The invitation to the luncheon presentation is not 'directly in connection' with the supply of the interest in a managed investment scheme.

When is a supply 'incidental' to a financial supply?

133. 'Incidental' is not defined in the GST Act or GST regulations. 'Incidental' is defined in Black's Law Dictionary as 'depending upon or appertaining to something else as primary;...; something incidental to the main purpose'.[F62]

134. It follows that in the context of regulation 40-5.10 for a supply to be 'incidental' to a financial supply it is subordinate to the financial supply and depends upon or is coincidental to the financial supply.

135. A supply may be regarded as incidental to a financial supply where that supply is something that is of lesser significance or importance than the financial supply.

When is something provided not for separate consideration?

136. Whether a supply is for separate consideration will depend on the facts of a particular transaction. Separate itemisation of the fees on an invoice may indicate that the service is provided for separate consideration, but it is not a conclusive factor. Other factors, including the nature of the service provided, the contractual arrangements and intention of the parties, will also be relevant in determining whether there is separate consideration.

Example 18: Different consideration not separate consideration

137. LotsaCards Finance offers cardholders an option of three different types of credit cards - Red, Silver, and Gold cards. There are different annual fees for each card. The fees for each card are based on the types of benefits that are associated with that card and the credit limit available. The Red Card has a credit limit of $2,000 with an annual fee of $10. The Silver Card has a credit limit of $7,500 with an annual fee of $35. The Gold Card has a credit limit of $10,000 with an annual fee of $75. The main benefit of the Silver Card is membership in a loyalty rewards program. The main benefits of the Gold Card are membership in a loyalty reward program plus insurance on certain purchases using the card (for example, domestic airfares). The difference in the annual fees does not mean that there is separate consideration for the different benefits attaching to each card. Red Card and Silver Card cardholders can pay the additional annual fee amount to upgrade to the next level card. This additional amount is not separate consideration. The supply of the additional benefits by LotsaCards is an incidental financial supply provided all the other conditions of regulation 40-5.10 are met.

Example 19: Separate consideration

138. Continuing on from the example at paragraph 137, LotsaCards also offers income protection insurance for an extra $5 a month, regardless of the type of card held. The extra $5 payable by cardholders for the insurance cover is separate consideration. On these facts, the insurance cover is not an incidental financial supply. However it and the credit card facility may be a composite supply if on a closer analysis of the supply it is in substance and reality the supply of an interest in credit, rather than a mixed supply of insurance and an interest in credit.

What amounts to usual practice?

139. To determine whether something is the 'usual practice' of an entity, you look at the context in which an activity is undertaken. The ordinary meaning of 'usual practice' contemplates that the 'usual practice' of an entity is an action of the entity that is performed consistently within the entity. The adoption of set guidelines or procedures that are to be followed by the entity when transacting business would be indicative of the 'usual practice' of that entity. It is sufficient if the entity provides the 'thing' together with the financial supply as a matter of course.

140. 'Usual practice' is not limited to those activities that are existing and established practices of that entity. It can be a practice new to that entity, or a usual practice established by other financial supply providers, that the entity intends adopting.

Example 20: Usual practice established

141. Kramer is provided with an organiser when taking out a home loan with a mortgage of $750,000 over his new property. The supply of the organiser satisfies all of the other requirements of an incidental financial supply, however, Kramer is the first customer to whom the bank has provided an organiser. The bank intends to provide organisers to all customers who take out a loan. The bank has acquired 500 organisers in contemplation of this practice. This is indicative of the commencement of a usual practice. As all the requirements of regulation 40-5.10 are satisfied, the supply of organisers will be an incidental financial supply.

When is something provided in the ordinary course of the entity's enterprise?

142. Whether a thing is supplied in the ordinary course of the entity's enterprise is a question of fact taking into account the nature of the enterprise and general customs and practices of its trade.

143. The requirement that the transaction be in the 'ordinary course' of the enterprise excludes transactions that are made for purposes other than the carrying on of the enterprise or to achieve ends dissimilar from those of the business activity.[F63] Again, there may be a business activity that is new to the enterprise and a single transaction carried out with the intention to carry on that business activity will be in the course of the entity's enterprise.[F64]

Financial supplies for consumption outside Australia

144. The table in subsection 38-190(1) lists the supplies of things other than goods or real property for consumption outside Australia that are GST-free. Items 2, 3 and 4 of the table set out the circumstances most relevant to financial supplies. Item 5 (dealing with exports of services to repair, etc imported goods) is not applicable to financial supplies. Supplies that satisfy the circumstances described in any of items 1 to 5 may not be GST-free if they fall within the exclusion in subsection 38-190(2). Supplies that satisfy the circumstances described in item 2 may not be GST-free if they fall within the exclusion in subsection 38-190(3).

Supplies that are both GST-free and input taxed

145. Subsection 9-30(3) provides that if a supply is both GST-free and input taxed, the supply is GST-free (unless the supply is of the type where the supplier can choose to treat it as input taxed under a specific provision). This means that if something is both GST-free by virtue of subsection 38-190(1) and input taxed because of the GST Act and regulations, it is GST-free. Acquisitions relating to the making of that GST-free supply are creditable.

Subsection 38-190(1) - GST-free supplies

Item 2

146. As discussed at paragraphs 51, 'thing' means anything that can be supplied or imported[F65] and therefore includes interests that are financial supplies.

147. A supply to a non-resident recipient is GST-free under subsection 38-190(1) if it is a supply made to a non-resident who is not in Australia when the thing supplied is done, and:

·
the supply is neither a supply of work physically performed on goods situated in Australia when the work is done, nor a supply directly connected with real property situated in Australia; or
·
the non-resident acquires the thing in carrying on the non-resident's enterprise, but is not registered or required to be registered.[F66]

148. However, the supply is not GST-free if either subsection 38-190(2) or (3) applies to that supply.

Example 21: GST-free supply of services

149. Knightly Co. is an Australian resident with a permanent establishment in New Zealand. It is applying for a loan from Kiwi Bank in New Zealand. Kiwi Bank has no operations outside New Zealand. Kiwi Bank acquires information from a credit rating agency located in Australia about the creditworthiness of Knightly Co. The credit rating agency searches databases and makes telephone calls to other financial institutions (all located in Australia). This supply of information by the credit rating agency in Australia is connected with Australia because the information is prepared in Australia. However, as the recipient is not an Australian resident, the supply is GST-free provided Kiwi Bank is not in Australia in relation to the supply when the information services are performed.

Example 22: GST-free supply of a financial supply

150. Australian Enterprises is a share-trader resident in Australia with all its activities being in Australia. Therefore, supplies that it makes are connected with Australia. It acquires shares from American Inc. a company that is located in the United States and is not in Australia in relation to the supply. The GST regulations and GST Act operate so that in acquiring the shares, Australian Enterprises makes a financial supply (an acquisition-supply) to American Inc. The acquisition-supply to American Inc satisfies the requirements of subsection 38-190(1), item 2 and is GST-free. To the extent that anything acquired or imported by Australian Enterprises relates to making that financial supply (that is, acquiring the shares) it is for a creditable purpose.

Is the recipient registered or required to be registered?

151. As discussed in paragraph 147, one of the ways in which a supply may be GST-free is if it is made to a non-resident who is not in Australia when the thing supplied is done and the non-resident acquires the supply in carrying on an enterprise but is not registered, or required to be registered, for GST. In these situations, the financial supply provider needs to be satisfied that the non-resident recipient is not registered, or required to be registered, before it can treat the supply as GST-free.

152. A supplier is able to ensure that a recipient is not registered by checking the Australian Business Register.[F67]

153. The supplier must be satisfied, on reasonable grounds that the entity it supplies to is not required to be registered. Where a supplier has reason not to be so satisfied, enquiries should be made of the recipient.

154. We accept that the supplier has reasonable grounds for being satisfied, if the entity has provided a statement, declaring that the entity is not required to be registered. This is provided the supplier has no other reason to believe that the statement is not accurate.

155. Having a statement from the recipient is not the only way in which a supplier may be satisfied that the recipient is not required to be registered.

Item 3

156. A supply is also GST-free where it is a supply:

·
that is made to a recipient who is not in Australia when the thing supplied is done; and
·
the effective use or enjoyment of which takes place outside Australia,

other than a supply of work physically performed on goods situated in Australia when the work is done, or a supply directly connected with real property situated in Australia.[F68] However the supply will not be GST-free if subsection 38-190(2) applies to the supply.

Example 23: Effective use or enjoyment takes place outside Australia

157. Ripper Home Loans, an Australian resident company, securitises its mortgages by assigning the income stream from them to a special purpose vehicle, Ripper Securitisation, an Australian resident entity. Ripper Securitisation then issues securities (that are rights) to an offshore bank, Landmark Ltd, that sells them to offshore investors. Landmark Ltd is not in Australia in relation to the supply when the shares are issued to it. Ripper Securitisation pays interest on the securities to the investors into their offshore accounts. The effective use and enjoyment of the securities by Landmark is outside Australia. This example specifically illustrates a situation where effective use and enjoyment takes place outside Australia. However the supply may also be GST-free under items 2 and 4 of subsection 38-190(1).

Item 4

158. Under item 4 of subsection 38-190(1) a supply in relation to rights is GST-free if:

·
the rights are for use outside Australia; or
·
the supply is to an entity that is not an Australian resident and is outside Australia when the thing supplied is done.

Example 24: GST-free supply in relation to rights

159. Under an agreement entered into in Australia, Never Never Bank agrees to provide the right to credit through an overdraft facility with its London branch to Air Atlantis. Air Atlantis is a non-resident entity that is not in Australia in relation to the supply. Air Atlantis intends using the loan facility to pay its European suppliers.

160. The supply of the overdraft facility by Never Never Bank is connected with Australia under paragraph 9-25(5)(a) because the agreement is entered into in Australia and the provision of the financial interest is done in Australia. The supply of the right to credit is for use outside Australia. It is not the supply of a right to which subsection 38-190(2) applies. The supply therefore is GST-free under item 4 of subsection 38-190(1). (The supply may also be GST-free under another item of subsection 38-190(1).)

Is there a connection between the supply and the GST permanent establishment?

161. As discussed at paragraphs 67 to 77, a supply (including an interest that is a financial supply) is connected with Australia if it is made through an enterprise the supplier carries on in Australia (paragraph 9-25(5)(b)). Where an entity has a permanent establishment in Australia, as defined, a connection must be established between the permanent establishment and the supply. That is the supply must be made through the permanent establishment for it to be connected with Australia. A supply that is connected with Australia in this way may be GST-free if it satisfies the conditions set out in Division 38 of the GST Act.

Example 25: Supply made through a GST permanent establishment in Australia, but GST-free

162. Datachip, an Australian resident company that has no offshore operations, grants a resident of New Zealand a right to use software in New Zealand. The supply is the grant of the right to use the software in New Zealand. The right is granted under a legal agreement made in New Zealand to which the managing director of Datachip travels for the signing.

163. Under paragraph 9-25(5)(a) the thing supplied, the granting of the right to use the software, is not done in Australia because the right is granted in New Zealand. However, as the supply is made by the Australian business operation (i.e., the Australian GST permanent establishment of the Australian resident) the supply of the right to use is connected with Australia under paragraph 9-25(5)(b).

164. While the supply is connected with Australia the supply is not a taxable supply because it is GST-free under subsection 38-190 (1). This is because the rights are for use outside Australia and subsection 38-190(2) does not apply.

Example 26: Supply made through a permanent establishment outside Australia

165. Aus Co. an Australian consultancy services company, has a branch in Taiwan. Aus Co. undertakes to have its Taiwan branch (Aus Co. Taiwan) prepare and provide a report to a client in Australia. The supply made by Aus Co. through Aus Co. Taiwan is not connected with Australia because the service is not performed in Australia (paragraph 9-25(5)(a)). Also, as the supply is made through the Taiwan branch, the supply is not made through an enterprise that the supplier carries on in Australia (paragraph 9-25(5)(b)). Division 84 may apply to the acquisition by the Australian client. (See paragraphs 171 to 183.)

Determining whether the recipient is not a resident

166. Whether a supply is made to a non-resident is a question of fact to be established in each case. Section 195-1 defines a non-resident as an entity that is not an Australian resident. Australian resident is defined in terms of the definition of 'a resident of Australia' in subsection 6(1) of the ITAA 1936. This definition provides different tests for companies and individuals. Whether an entity satisfies the relevant test is essentially a question of fact to be established in each case, having regard to the decided income tax cases and any income tax public rulings issued.

167. While address information supplied by the recipient of a financial supply may be indicative that the recipient is a non-resident, it is not determinative. Where a financial supply provider has reason to believe that the entity is in fact an Australian resident, further enquiries must be undertaken. A financial supply provider must be satisfied that the recipient of the supply is a non-resident before they can treat a supply as GST-free.

168. In some circumstances, it may not be possible for a financial supplier in Australia to determine whether the counterparty to a transaction is a resident or a non-resident. This may be the case where the Australian enterprise supplies or acquires securities in an on-market transaction. Where it is not possible to determine the residency of the counterparty in an on-market securities transaction (and only in that circumstance) the Australian enterprise may use the following to approximate the residency of the counterparty:

·
the place the transaction takes place (that is, the location of the securities exchange through which the transaction takes place);
·
if it is not known where the transaction takes place, the place where the security is listed;
·
if it is not known where the transaction takes place nor where the security is listed, the place where the counterparty's broker is ordinarily resident.

169. To satisfy the requirements for a GST-free supply under item 2 in subsection 38-190(1), the non-resident must also not be in Australia when the thing supplied is done. Whether an entity is 'not in Australia' at the time when the thing supplied is done requires an analysis based on the facts.

Supply not GST-free if supplied under agreement and provided to an entity in Australia - subsection 38-190(3)

170. Subsection 38-190(3) applies to ensure that a supply made pursuant to item 2 of subsection 38-190(1) is not GST-free if it is supplied under an agreement with a non-resident and the supply is provided, or is required to be provided, to another entity in Australia. For subsection 38-190(3) to apply, the supply must be provided, or the agreement must require it to be provided, to another entity in Australia.

Intangible supplies from Offshore - 'Reverse charge'

171. If a supply is not connected with Australia, it will not be a taxable supply under section 9-5 of the GST Act. However, the supply of a thing (other than goods or real property) that is not connected with Australia will be a taxable supply under Division 84 if:

·
the recipient of the supply acquires the thing supplied solely or partly for the purpose of an enterprise that the recipient carries on in Australia, but not solely for a creditable purpose;
·
the supply is for consideration; and
·
the recipient is registered, or required to be registered.[F69]

However, the supply is not a taxable supply to the extent that it is GST-free or input taxed.

172. You do not acquire a thing for a creditable purpose to the extent that the acquisition relates to making supplies that would be input taxed or the acquisition is of a private or domestic nature. Things acquired by an entity from offshore for use in making financial supplies are not acquired solely for a creditable purpose. This includes acquisitions that may be reduced credit acquisitions.

173. It is clear that the purpose of Division 84 is to apply to acquisitions that would not be fully creditable because, for example, they relate to making a financial supply. Division 70 is a statutory device the effect of which is to allow partial input tax credits to an entity making financial supplies. The application of Division 70 should not impede the appropriate operation of Division 84. Support for this is found in regulation 70-5.02A, which contemplates that Division 84 applies to reduced credit acquisitions.

174. Where Division 84 applies, services or other things (excluding goods and real property) acquired from offshore for use in making financial supplies are subject to a 'reverse charge' unless the supply would have been GST-free or input taxed. GST is payable on the supply by the recipient of those services or other things. This means that where a financial supply provider acquires a service from offshore that would be subject to GST if purchased in Australia the recipient is required to remit GST equal to 10% of the price of the supply.

Example 27: Acquisition from offshore not for a creditable purpose

175. Invest Bank, an Australian financial institution, engages Legal UK, solicitors operating in the United Kingdom (UK), to prepare an opinion on the legal aspects of a proposed banking operation in Australia in liaison with a subsidiary of a UK bank. The legal advice is prepared in the UK and provided to Invest Bank in Australia. The supply of that advice is not connected with Australia because the advice is not prepared in Australia and Legal UK has no GST permanent establishment in Australia.

176. The supply is for consideration, Invest Bank is registered for GST and it acquires the supply for the purpose of its enterprise carried on in Australia. The proposed Invest Bank enterprise will only make input taxed supplies. The acquisition made by Invest Bank is not solely for a creditable purpose because the acquisition relates to making supplies that are input taxed. Thus the requirements of section 84-5 are satisfied and the supply by Legal UK is a taxable supply. Under section 84-10 Invest Bank, the recipient of the supply, is liable to pay GST on the taxable supply.

177. Where the entity receiving the supply is registered, or required to be registered, the supply of that service or thing is a taxable supply and GST of 10% of the price is payable by the recipient.[F70] If the recipient is not registered or required to be registered, the supply is not a taxable supply and no GST will be payable on that supply.[F71]

178. Where you have acquired something that is a taxable supply because of the reverse charge provisions, you may be entitled to input tax credits (including reduced input tax credits) for the acquisition. Any input tax credit for those acquisitions is worked out under section 84-13.

179. The acquisition of some financial interests by a financial supply provider will not be connected with Australia because they are not 'done' in Australia or made through an enterprise the financial supply provider carries on in Australia. In these circumstances, Division 84 would operate to treat those financial interests as taxable. The GST regulations operate so that if Division 84 applies to a financial interest, which would be a financial supply apart from the fact it is not connected with Australia and the supplier is not registered or required to be registered[F72], it is a financial supply.[F73]

Example 28: Financial supply not connected with Australia

180. Earthbound Bank, an Australian resident entity, acquires units in Balmy Unit Trust. Balmy Unit Trust is a resident of the Bahamas, and issues the units in the Bahamas. The supply of the financial interest, which is the interest in the unit trust, is not a financial supply because it is not connected with Australia and the supplier is not required to be registered. As Division 84 would apply to make the supply taxable, subregulation 40-5.09(2) applies to treat the supply of the interest as a financial supply. Division 84 does not apply to make the supply taxable to the extent that it is input taxed. (The acquisition-supply by Earthbound to Balmy would also be a financial supply due to the operation of subregulation 40-5.09(1). It may be GST-free if the requirements of subsection 38-190(1) are met.)

Transfers between branches (not being GST branches[F74]) of the same entity

181. Transfers to an enterprise carried on inside Australia, or the doing of anything for an enterprise carried on in Australia, from or by an enterprise carried on outside Australia where these enterprises are branches (but not GST branches) of the same entity are treated as a supply that is not connected with Australia.[F75] Therefore, provided the other requirements of section 84-5 are satisfied, the transfers are a taxable supply and subject to the reverse charge.

182. Transfers to an enterprise carried on outside Australia, or the doing of anything for an enterprise carried on outside Australia by an enterprise carried on in Australia, where these enterprises are branches (but not GST branches) of the same entity are not supplies for the purposes of the GST Act. This is because supplies between these branches of an entity are supplies within a single entity rather than supplies between separate entities corresponding to the branches of that entity.

183. Where an entity conducts an enterprise through a branch in Australia, the entity must register[F76] for GST in Australia and will have a GST liability for supplies made to third parties by the Australian enterprise provided the supply satisfies the other conditions for a taxable supply. The entity may also be entitled to input tax credits in relation to acquisitions made in the course of conducting its enterprise, including those relating to transfers made, or services provided, within the entity.

Regulation 40-5.12 - What are not financial supplies

184. A range of supplies that are sometimes associated with financial transactions, and other supplies that are themselves financial in nature, are excluded by the regulations[F77] from being financial supplies. These supplies will be taxable supplies unless specified to be GST-free, input taxed or otherwise not taxable under another provision of the GST Act.

185. Regulation 40-5.12 sets out categories of supplies that are not financial supplies regardless of whether a financial supply provider or a financial supply facilitator makes the supply. The categories, as set out in regulation 40-5.12 of the GST regulations, are:

·
Supplies of cheque and deposit forms to an ADI and special forms provided to account holders. (Regulation 40-5.12, items 1 and 2);
·
Professional services, including information and advice in relation to a financial supply. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 3);
·
An interest in or under a payment system. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 4);
·
Stored value cards not linked to an account with an ADI. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 5);
·
Goods supplied in accordance with agreements under which the goods are leased, where the lessors dispose of their rights in the goods to the lessees, or the lessees have no obligation or option to acquire the rights of the lessors in the goods. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 6);
·
An option, right or obligation to make or receive a taxable supply. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 7);
·
A supply made as a result of the exercise of an option or right, or the performance of an obligation to make or receive a taxable supply. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 8);
·
Facilities for trading securities or derivatives and clearance and settlement of those trades. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 9);
·
Insurance and reinsurance business (other than life insurance business). (Regulation 40-5.12, item 10);
·
Broking services. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 11);
·
Management of the assets or liabilities of another entity. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 12);
·
Debt collection services. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 13);
·
Sales accounting services under a factoring arrangement. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 14);
·
Trustee services. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 15);
·
Custodian services in relation to money, documents and other things. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 16);
·
Currency with a market value that exceeds its stated value as legal tender. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 17); and
·
Bailment and floorplan arrangements. (Regulation 40-5.12, item 18).

Something that is both a financial supply and not a financial supply

186. If something is a financial supply under regulation 40-5.09 and also not a financial supply under regulation 40-5.12, then regulation 40-5.12 prevails. Unless it is also an incidental financial supply, the supply will be treated as not being a financial supply.[F78]

Example 29: Regulation 40-5.12 prevails

187. Divest Bank provides a variety of banking services including bank accounts, loans, safe custody services, cash and cheque counting and sorting. It provides these services (for a fee) to both account holders and non-account holders. One of its customers Marrakesh Holdings deposits money, cheques, and credit card vouchers with Divest for overnight storage. Divest provides Marrakesh with wallets for this purpose. The following day, Divest clears and counts the money and cheques in the wallets and deposits the funds into Marrakesh's account. It returns the credit card vouchers to Marrakesh. Custodian services fall within item 16 of regulation 40-5.12 and they may also fall within item 1 of regulation 40-5.09 if they are part of the supply of the account to Marrakesh (or on the facts are parts of a composite supply). The custodian services are not part of an account keeping function for Marrakesh but are a separate supply. Regulation 40-5.12 has the effect that the custodian services are treated as a separate supply to, or separate component of, the supply of the account held by Marrakesh. Therefore regulation 40-5.12 prevails and the service is taxable.

Example 30: Regulation 40-5.10 prevails

188. Using the same facts as at paragraph 187, however in this scenario Divest Bank does not charge Marrakesh Holdings a separate fee for the storage but absorbs the costs into its monthly account keeping fees. The supply is incidental to the supply of an interest in an account and is an incidental financial supply.[F79] Regulation 40-5.10 prevails over regulation 40-5.12 and therefore the supply is input taxed.

189. Items 1, 2, 5 and 8 in the table in regulation 40-5.12 refer back specifically to an item in subregulation 40-5.09(3). As stated at paragraph 85, the provision, acquisition or disposal of something may fall under more than one item in regulation 40-5.09(3). Even if something mentioned in items 1, 2, 5, or 8 is covered by an item in subregulation 40-5.09(3) in addition to the item specifically mentioned, it is excluded from being a financial supply. For example, special forms provided in connection with an account mentioned in item 1 are excluded from being financial supplies even though an interest in an account may also be covered as an interest in or under a debt in item 2.

190. Items 7 and 10 in the table in regulation 40-5.12 also mention specific items in the table in regulation 40-5.09 but do so only to exclude them from the operation of the item in regulation 40-5.12.

Recovery and oncharge

191. Financial supply providers may incur expenses on behalf of a customer (as agent) or as a principal in the ordinary course of providing their services to the customer.

192. Where the cost is incurred as principal, the financial supply provider may seek to build that expense into the fee charged to the customer. We refer to this as 'on-charging'. On the other hand, where the cost is incurred on the customer's behalf, the financial supply provider may seek reimbursement for that amount from the customer. We refer to this as 'recovery' or reimbursement.

193. The principles on agency relationships set out in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/37 apply equally to the agent/principal relationships that may exist between a financial supply provider and its customer. The GST treatment of certain costs that are charged for by the financial supply provider depends on whether it incurs the cost as principal or as agent.

194. Where an expense incurred by the financial supply provider is absorbed into the consideration for the financial supply and 'on-charged' to the customer, it will be input taxed. This will be so whatever the type of expense being on-charged and irrespective of whether the on-charged items are listed separately. The expense incurred is treated as an input into the service or supply made by the financial supply provider.

195. For taxes, fees and charges excluded from GST[F80], such as stamp duties, and bank account debits (BAD) tax, the GST treatment depends on whether the financial supply provider or the customer is liable for meeting the expense. This will determine whether the expense is 'recovered' or 'on-charged' (i.e., whether it was incurred as principal or agent) and whether the supply is taxable, input taxed or GST-free.

196. These are the situations contemplated by the examples in Schedule 7 of the GST regulations in relation to taxes, fees and charges excluded from GST.[F81] On the other hand, where the expense is incurred on behalf of the customer and then reimbursed, the 'recovery' will not of itself be a financial supply. The recovery of the tax, fee or charge from the customer will continue to be excluded from GST.

197. Where a financial supply facilitator incurs costs in providing the taxable supply of its services and passes on the costs as part of its fee for service (on-charging), the entire fee will be taxable. The facilitator may also incur expenses on behalf of the financial supply provider, and recover those expenses. The recovery will have the same character as the expense incurred on behalf of the financial supply provider.

Reduced credit acquisitions - regulation 70-5.02

198. In some cases, acquisitions that relate to making financial supplies may attract a reduced input tax credit, even though no input tax credit would arise under the basic rules. These acquisitions are reduced credit acquisitions[F82] and are listed in regulation 70-5.02. If a reduced credit acquisition is not wholly for a creditable purpose[F83] under Division 70 of the GST Act (for example, if it relates to making other input taxed supplies) you will need to determine your extent of creditable purpose. (Subsection 70-20(2) and section 84-13 contain formulae for working out your input tax credit in these circumstances and this is further explained in Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/22.)

199. The list of acquisitions under regulation 70-5.02 is intended to be exhaustive. This is clear from the language in subregulations 70-5.02(1) and (2). Therefore, if something is not specified as an item within the table, then it is not a reduced credit acquisition. While an acquisition must fall within one of the items, it is not necessary that there be an express reference to a particular acquisition in an item, unless it is clear from the wording of the item that this is the case.

200. An acquisition is not a reduced credit acquisition to the extent that you would be entitled to an input tax credit for the acquisition outside of Division 70 of the Act.[F84]

201. For the purposes of subsection 70-5(2), the GST regulations specify that the percentage of the input tax credit for each reduced credit acquisition is 75%.[F85]

Meaning of dictionary definition - 'account'

202. The Dictionary to the GST regulations defines account by way of a 'means and includes' definition. For the purposes of item 1 of subregulation 40-5.09(3) and subregulation 40-5.09(4), 'account' means an account made available by an Australian ADI within the meaning of section 9 of the Corporations Act.[F86] This is the combined effect of both the item and the 'means' definition within paragraph (a) of that defined term.

203. As illustrated in example 9, the supply or acquisition-supply of an interest in or under a debt may include account-like facilities with a non-ADI. Provided that the other elements of regulation 40-5.09(3) are satisfied, the financial interest in these circumstances will be a financial supply that includes the provision of the account-like facilities. The account-like facility in these circumstances is not dependent on coming within paragraph (a) of the definition of account.

204. This includes account-like facilities that may arise as part of the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest in or under one of the table items in regulation 40-5.09(3). The definition of account in the GST regulations therefore includes savings/transaction accounts, cheque accounts, term deposits, loan accounts and credit card accounts.

205. Paragraph (b) of the definition extends the meaning of account to include accounts with institutions other than ADIs. This is of most relevance to regulation 70-5.02 in that items referring to accounts (such as items 1 to 5 and item 8) are not limited to Australian ADI accounts. It includes accounts that have characteristics whereby the account holder has the right to:

·
have the account maintained by the account provider (the provider);
·
repayment of the amount credited to the account by the provider; and
·
require the provider to act on directions by the account holder that are in accordance with the arrangements, or any agreement, between the provider and the account holder in relation to operation of the account.

206. While paragraph (b) of the definition extends the meaning of account to include accounts with institutions other than ADIs the term must still be read in the context in which it appears. While definitions of account in general dictionaries may extend the meaning to include 'any periodically rendered reckoning'87, the context of an item in the GST regulations narrows it to transactions involving a sum of money. Therefore, the meaning of account as used in the GST regulations does not extend to an 'account' that records non-monetary balances such as reward/loyalty point and 'frequent flyer' point balances. (These accounts are further excluded from the scope of the GST regulations as they do not give 'account holders' the right to repayment of an amount credited.) This meaning of 'account' is specific to the GST regulations and it is not necessarily interpreted in the same way for the purpose of the GST Act.

207. [Deleted]

Is subregulation 70-5.02(2) inclusive or exclusive?

208. Part 4-2 of the GST regulations lists those acquisitions that are reduced credit acquisitions for the purposes of Division 70 of the GST Act. While Division 70 of the regulations is intended to contain an exhaustive list of the acquisitions that qualify as reduced credit acquisitions, some of the things listed under items are listed on an 'inclusive' basis.

209. Items listed in the GST regulations contain the expressions 'including',[F88] 'the following' or 'of the following kinds'[F89] and 'the following, ... including' or 'including the following'.[F90] The words 'the following' are used in those items where the list is intended to be exhaustive. 'Including' is used where the list is not exhaustive.

210. The word 'including' has been considered in numerous cases.[F91] In some instances, the word 'including' is used as an extension of the thing defined or described and at other times to provide clarification. In the GST regulations, the expression is used in a variety of constructions and you need to look at each item in the regulation to see in what sense it is used. It is often used to simply make clear what the item in the regulation intends to cover by describing a practical activity or acquisitions intended to be covered by the general expression used at the commencement of the item.

211. Different constructions of 'including' used in the GST regulations are the expressions 'including', 'including by using the following facilities', or 'including the following'. Where these expressions are used, the listings that follow provide examples of the item being described. For example, item 2 refers to:


'Processing services in relation to account information for account providers, including:

(a)
archives storage, retrieval and destruction services;
(b)
statement processing and bulk mailing; and
(c)
processing and manipulation of information relating to accounts, including information about transactions to which item 7 applies.'

Paragraphs (a) to (c) are examples of processing services in relation to account information.

212. To give an item its correct context, each paragraph in the item needs to be read with reference to the commencing words of the item. For example, an 'archive destruction service' mentioned in item 2(a) is a processing service and a reduced credit acquisition if it is a destruction service 'in relation to archived account information for an account provider'. This means that a service acquired to destroy archived account information for an account provider is a reduced credit acquisition. However, the acquisition of services to destroy other papers, records or assets does not come within the item and is not a reduced credit acquisition.

213. [Deleted]

214. [Deleted]

215. In relation to the use of the expression 'the following', the subsequent words are intended to be an exhaustive list of the item being described. Outside of examples given, no other meaning can be attributed to the item. We give this same interpretation to the expression 'the following ... including' in items 23 and 24. The word 'including' in this context clarifies that the item applies to superannuation schemes.

216. The table below describes the interpretation we give to each item that contains an expression mentioned in paragraphs 209 to 215.

Item No Context of Expression Illustrative or Exhaustive
Regulation 70-5.02(2)
1 The service of ... performing a transaction in respect of an account ... including by using the following facilities Illustrative
2 Processing services ... including ... Illustrative
5 Processing services ... including ... Illustrative
6 Supplies to which the following ... relate Exhaustive
7 Processing ... of the following kind Exhaustive
8 Services to a third party mentioned in paragraph 6(b)... including ... Illustrative
9 Arrangement ... including the following ... Illustrative
10 Securities and unit registry services ... including ... Illustrative
11 The following supplies Exhaustive
14 The following loan application ... services Exhaustive
15 The following loan management services Exhaustive
17 The following debt collection services Exhaustive
23 The following ... functions, including those functions for superannuation schemes ... Exhaustive
24 The following administrative functions... including those functions for superannuation schemes ... Exhaustive
26 The following life insurance administration services ... Exhaustive
29 Trustee and custodial services ... including ... Illustrative
30 The following master custody services ... Exhaustive
Regulation 70-5.02B [F92]
1 Provision of senior management services, including: ... Illustrative
3 Provision of human resources support services, including: ... Illustrative
7 Performance of financial management service functions, including: ... Illustrative
  (c) financial control (including statutory reporting and accounting policy) ... Illustrative
  (d) general ledger account reporting functions, including paying and processing invoices and payment instructions ... Illustrative
13 Provision of legal services, including: ... Illustrative
15 Maintenance and operation of transaction processing systems (including communications and applications systems) Illustrative

Internally generated management and support services by a non-resident parent entity

217. An entity making financial supplies in Australia may receive management and support services from an enterprise it carries on outside Australia, a non-resident parent, subsidiary or other closely related enterprise. As the services are supplied from outside Australia, the recipient of the supply is subject to a GST 'reverse charge' on the supply. The imposition of a GST on these services may place the Australian enterprise at a competitive disadvantage when compared to the operations of other financial institutions acquiring similar services in Australia. Resident financial institutions will not incur a GST liability on management and support services that are undertaken wholly within the entity or between GST grouped entities.

218. To address this potential disadvantage, where an Australian enterprise acquires specified management and support services from a 'closely related' non-resident enterprise, the acquisition may be a reduced credit acquisition. To qualify as a reduced credit acquisition, the acquisition must satisfy the conditions in regulation 70-5.02A. These conditions are that the supply or transfer is a taxable supply because of section 84-5 of the Act and the receiving enterprise and the supplying enterprise are closely related. In addition, the supply or transfer that gives rise to the acquisition must consist in:

·
the transfer of something to an enterprise in Australia (the receiving enterprise) from an enterprise outside Australia (the supplying enterprise ); or
·
the doing of something for the receiving enterprise by the supplying enterprise.

219. To qualify as a reduced credit acquisition, the acquisition must also be the acquisition of something that is listed within subregulation 70-5.02B(1).

Closely related

220. An enterprise is closely related[F93] to another enterprise if:

·
both enterprises are carried on by the same entity;
·
one enterprise is carried on by a 100% subsidiary of the entity that carries on the other enterprise; or
·
both enterprises are carried on by 100% subsidiaries of the same entity.

For example, a supply from a non-resident 'head office' or 'parent' entity, to an Australian branch or 100% subsidiary company of the supplier will involve a supply between 'closely' related entities.

221. In determining the reduced credit acquisition, the price of the relevant supply is reduced by the amount passed on by the supplying enterprise to the receiving enterprise for any unabsorbed contribution from a third party (regulation 70-5.02C).

222. An acquisition is not a reduced credit acquisition where the supplier does no more than seek recovery of the cost of a supply by a third party (with or without additional cost or profit margins) and the substance and character of the supply by the third party remains unchanged by the supplier before supply to the Australian enterprise. This will be an unabsorbed contribution for the purposes of regulation 70-5.02C.

Differentiating between mixed and composite acquisitions

223. The supplier of something that is identifiable as having more than one part where each part is taxable does not need to apportion the consideration for the supply. This is because GST is payable on the whole supply. Similarly, if all of the parts of a supply are identifiable as being non-taxable, GST is not payable on any part of the supply.

224. However, a supply consisting only of taxable parts may not be wholly a reduced credit acquisition to the acquirer. Only those parts that are reduced credit acquisitions give rise to reduced input tax credits.

225. It is not necessary to separate parts of an acquisition into things that are listed in regulation 70-5.02 and parts that are not unless these are separately identifiable parts of the acquisition. Where there are no separately identifiable parts of the acquisition you need to look at the acquisition as a whole to determine whether it is an acquisition specified in the GST regulations.

Example 31: Acquisition of more than one thing

226. Papier Suppliers supplies Fobick Bank with stationery. The supply is made up of deposit and withdrawal forms, letterhead and business cards. The supply from Papier consists of several parts, all of which are taxable. There is no need for Papier to separately identify the consideration that relates to each part however Papier chooses to separately list each item on the invoice provided to Fobick Bank.

227. Examining the acquisition, Fobick has acquired deposit and withdrawal forms, letterhead and business cards. Business cards and letterhead are not listed as reduced credit acquisitions in regulation 70-5.02. Therefore, the acquisition of those items by Fobick Bank is not a reduced credit acquisition. Deposit and withdrawal forms are listed in item 4 of regulation 70-5.02 as a reduced credit acquisition and therefore, the acquisition of those forms is a reduced credit acquisition by Fobick Bank.

Reduced credit acquisition is acquired together with something that is not a reduced credit acquisition

228. If something that is listed as a reduced credit acquisition is acquired together with something that is not listed as a reduced credit acquisition then you may need to treat those parts separately. This will depend on whether the acquisition is a ' mixed acquisition' or a ' composite acquisition'. These terms are intended to be similar to the concepts of a mixed supply[F94] and a composite supply and to adopt similar principles. The difference is that these terms are used to describe an acquisition that contains parts that are reduced credit acquisitions and parts that are not.

229. The supplier may not need to separate the components of a supply that is a 'mixed acquisition' or a 'composite acquisition' to the acquirer. Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 at paragraph 11 states:


'Where you make a supply that is identifiable as having more than one part and each part is taxable, you do not need to apportion the consideration for the supply. This is because GST is payable on the whole supply.'

230. A supply, or part of a supply, that is taxable to the supplier (and therefore requires no further separation into its component parts) may still be a mixed acquisition to the acquirer. That is, a supply, or part of a supply, that consists of separately identifiable parts that would all be taxable does not need to be characterised as a mixed or composite supply. However, that supply, when viewed from the perspective of the acquirer may be characterised as a mixed acquisition because it consists of separately identifiable parts. The terms mixed acquisition and composite acquisition are not defined terms but are used in this Ruling as an aid to interpreting the provisions.

231. The description of the supply on the invoice is a factor in determining the character of the acquisition, but is not necessarily decisive.

232. A mixed acquisition contains separately identifiable parts where one or more of the parts is a reduced credit acquisition and one or more of the parts is not a reduced credit acquisition. In a mixed acquisition, no part is dominant, and each part has a separate identity.

233. On the other hand, a composite acquisition is an acquisition of one dominant part and includes other parts that are not treated as having a separate identity as they are integral, ancillary or incidental to the dominant part of the acquisition. Where an acquisition is a composite acquisition, then it is essentially the acquisition of a single thing, and will be either wholly a reduced credit acquisition or wholly not a reduced credit acquisition.

234. In working out whether you are acquiring a mixed or composite acquisition, the key question is whether the acquisition has parts that should be regarded as being separately identifiable, or whether it is essentially an acquisition of one dominant part with other parts being integral, ancillary or incidental to that dominant part. This is discussed in paragraphs 235 to 256.

Mixed acquisition - separately identifiable parts

235. In many cases, it will be a matter of degree whether the parts of an acquisition are separately identifiable, and retain their own identity. This is a similar process to determining whether or not something is a mixed supply.

236. The principles enunciated in case law from New Zealand and the United Kingdom assist in establishing, by analogy, how to determine whether an acquisition includes separately identifiable parts. These cases illustrate that the relevant factor is what the acquirer in essence acquires. The question is what 'in substance and reality' is acquired for the consideration paid.

237. Following the judgment of Lord Slynn of Hadley in Card Protection Plan v. Customs and Excise Commissioners [2001] BVC 158 (Card Protection) you must have regard to the essential features of the transaction to see whether it is several distinct principal services or a single service. An overall view should be taken and something that is in reality a single service should not be 'artificially split'.

238. Applying the rationale of the Court in the Card Protection case, the question is what is the essential feature of the scheme or its dominant purpose and why objectively would an entity want to acquire the thing. (In that case, Lord Slynn had 'no doubt' that the reason was to obtain provision of insurance cover against loss arising from the misuse of credit cards or other documents.)

239. In the case of Sea Containers Ltd v. Customs and Excise Commissioners[F95] (Sea Containers), Keene J considered that the proper approach was to see whether an element (catering) was significant in its own right or whether it was merely ancillary to the dominant part (transport). Keene J found that:


'The evidence shows that it [the catering] constituted a very important element in its own right in what was being provided by the appellant. Its significance in these transactions went well beyond the point where it could be seen merely as a way of better enjoying the transport element... it constituted for customers an aim in itself. Not, of course, the sole aim but, given its prominence in the marketing literature, clearly a separate aim from the travel element.'[F96]

240. By contrast, in British Airways plc v. Customs and Excise Commissioners (British Airways)[F97], the Court of Appeal found that the provision of in-flight catering was, in substance and reality, an integral part of the air transportation. It was not a mixed supply. Stuart-Smith LJ said that:


'While something that is necessary for the supply will almost certainly be an integral part of it, the converse does not follow ...'[F98]

241. Sea Containers and British Airways show that different conclusions may be reached after taking into account the relevant facts of cases that are similar.

242. In Commissioners of Customs & Excise v. The Automobile Association[F99] the issue before the Court was whether in 'substance and reality' the subscription paid by members was for the bare right of membership or for all the benefits that came with membership.

243. The Court held that on a proper construction of the rules of the Association the contract which existed between the Association and its members did not merely confer on the members a bare right to membership with all the other benefits being merely incidental to that right. Instead, under the contract each member was entitled to all the benefits that he or she could properly anticipate from having read the brochure. The subscription was paid for a package of individual benefits and could therefore be apportioned.

244. In Customs and Excise Commissioner v. Wellington Private Hospital Ltd (Wellington), Millett LJ also found that courts need to ask whether one part is connected with the other, or whether the two parts are 'physically and economically dissociable'.[F100] In considering the question of separate identity he found that:


'The proper inquiry is whether one element of the transaction is so dominated by another element as to lose any separate identity as a supply for fiscal purposes, leaving the latter, the dominant element of the transaction, as the only supply. If the elements of the transaction are not in this relationship with each other, each remains as a supply in its own right with its own separate fiscal consequences.'[F101]

245. The view expressed in Wellington in relation to supplies is consistent with the view expressed in this Ruling that an acquisition has separately identifiable parts where the parts require individual recognition and retention as separate parts, due to their relative significance in the supply.

Example 32: Mixed acquisition

246. In a particular month, Clever Counters provides Inca Investments with administrative services such as maintaining records, handling inquiries, and processing application forms. Clever Counters also provides Inca with a new record keeping software package. The parts of the acquisition are separately identifiable, and retain their own identity. No one part of the acquisition dominates another. In 'substance and reality' Inca has acquired administration functions and a software package. The acquisition of a software package is not a reduced credit acquisition under any of the items in the regulations. Inca is entitled to a reduced input tax credit for the administrative services but not for the record keeping package.

Composite acquisition

247. In a composite acquisition, subordinate parts complement and accompany the dominant part of the acquisition. Such an acquisition is essentially the acquisition of a single thing. It need not be broken down, unbundled or dissected any further. A composite acquisition may appear, at first, to have more than one part, but is treated as if it is the supply of one thing.

248. In Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Madgett and Anor (t/a Howden Court Hotel) [1998] BVC 458, the European Court of Justice described the term 'ancillary' in terms of scale and connection:


'... a service is ancillary if, first, it contributes to the proper performance of the principal service and second, it takes up a marginal proportion of the package price compared to the principal service. It does not constitute an object for customers or a service sought for its own sake, but a means of better enjoying the principal service.'[F102]

249. In Customs and Excise Commissioners v. British Telecommunications plc [1999] BVC 306, Lord Slynn of Hadley considered whether delivery was ancillary or incidental to a supply of cars or whether it was separately identifiable. In concluding that, as a matter of commercial reality, there was one contract for a delivered car, Lord Slynn found it necessary to consider all of the circumstances of the supply and said:


'... the fact that separate charges are identified in a contract or on an invoice does not on a consideration of all the circumstances necessarily prevent all the supplies from constituting one composite transaction nor does it prevent one supply from being ancillary to another supply which for VAT purposes is the dominant supply ... the essential features of a transaction may show that one supply is ancillary to another and that it is the latter that for VAT purposes is to be treated as the supply.'[F103]

250. No single factor by itself will provide the sole test as to whether a part of an acquisition is integral, ancillary or incidental to the dominant part of the acquisition.[F104] Having regard to all the circumstances, indicators that a part may be integral, ancillary or incidental include where:

·
it represents a marginal proportion of the total value of the package compared to the dominant part;[F105]
·
it is necessary or contributes to acquisition as a whole, but cannot be identified as the dominant part of the acquisition;
·
it contributes to the proper performance of the contract to acquire the dominant part; or
·
an acquirer would reasonably conclude that it does not constitute for customers an aim in itself, but is a means of better enjoying the dominant thing acquired.

Example 33: Composite acquisition

251. Luther Life Co. acquires archives storage and retrieval services from Storit. As part of the service Storit provides a number of things such as archive boxes, labels, as well as collection and storage of the boxes. These things are merely some of the things that go together to make up the acquisition of archive services. The acquisition is a composite acquisition and therefore is a reduced credit acquisition under item 2(a) of subregulation 70-5.02(2).

Example 34: Composite acquisition

252. Trusted Bank acquires transaction cards from Trendee Cards. Customers use these cards to operate their accounts with Trusted. The contract for the acquisition of the transaction cards from Trendee cards includes the supply of the card blanks together with artwork and embossing (e.g., with the customer's name, the card number and expiry date, etc). When acquired from a single supplier and as part of a single acquisition the parts can not be separated. Without each of the parts the card is not a transaction card but is simply a piece of plastic. The acquisition is a composite acquisition and therefore a reduced credit acquisition under item 3 of subregulation 70-5.02(2).

253. However, in some cases, no matter how subordinate a minor part may be, the subordinate part still maintains its individual status under a specific legislative provision. For example, taxation and auditing services under item 24(h) and 26(h) are specifically excluded from being reduced credit acquisitions where provided as part of services to comply with industry regulatory requirements.

Example 35: Specific exclusion

254. Sure, Steady and Associates provides Inca Investments with the service of ensuring compliance with industry regulatory requirements including taxation services, such as completion of its BAS. Under item 24(h) of subregulation 70-5.02(2), taxation services (such as completion of Inca's BAS) are excluded from the administrative function of compliance with industry regulatory requirements. That part is therefore not a reduced credit acquisition under paragraph 24(h). Inca is not entitled to reduced input tax credits for the preparation of its BAS or any other taxation services Sure, Steady and Associates might provide as part of that service.

255. The specific exclusions in items 24(h) and 26(h) relate only to the services provided under that paragraph of the item. Where the audit or taxation services mentioned in paragraph (h) of items 24 and 26 are provided as an integral part of a service under a different paragraph of that item there is no need to treat the part that is a taxation or auditing service differently to the other part of the supply.

Example 36: No exclusion

256. Overlord Administration Services provides Inca Investments with a total administration package for its investment funds. The fee for this service is calculated as a percentage of the funds under management and is not dissected according to the various functions performed. Part of the duties of Overlord Administration is taxation services including preparation of the BAS. There is no need for Inca Investments to separate the acquisition of the taxation services from the acquisition of the other services. Inca will be entitled to reduced input tax credits for the acquisition of the total administration service package.

What is a financial supply facilitator - items 9, 11, 18, 21, 27, and 28

257. In terms of what is and what is not a financial supply, the GST regulations distinguish between a supply made by a financial supply facilitator and one made by a financial supply provider. As discussed in paragraph 103, these definitions principally serve to avoid confusion between the provision of the actual financial supply and another supply made in connection with it.

258. A financial supply facilitator is defined in regulation 40-5.07 in relation to a supply of a particular interest, to be an entity facilitating the supply of that interest. The facilitating of a supply refers to activities that help forward (assist) the supply[F106], rather than those that simply assist the financial supply provider. In determining whether an entity is facilitating the supply of the interest for a financial supply provider, the activities performed by the entity must have the effect of helping forward or assisting the supply and therefore must have a sufficient nexus with the supply of an interest by a financial supply provider.

259. A sufficient nexus in these circumstances requires that the activities of the entity have an identifiable association with the supply that goes beyond a mere general association. An identifiable association does not mean that the activities have to be directly linked to the supply, however it does require that there be a substantial connection so as to exclude activities that are only generally related. The activities must relate to and assist a particular supply.

260. As a general rule, acting in an agent-like capacity on behalf of a financial supply provider indicates an identifiable association with the supply of an interest, as the activities of the agent are substantially connected with the supply of an interest. However, acting in an agent-like capacity is not the only way in which the activities of an entity may have an identifiable association with the making of a financial supply. In the absence of this identifiable association, an entity will not be a financial supply facilitator of the supply of the interest.

261. The term financial supply facilitator is specific to subregulation 70-5.02(2) and to those items listed in the subregulation. Although the term is defined in regulation 40-5.07, the nature of the services provided by a financial supply facilitator that are eligible for a reduced input tax credit are outlined in the relevant items in subregulation 70-5.02(2). For the purposes of these items, if a financial supply facilitator does not provide the specific service mentioned then the service will not be a reduced credit acquisition. For example, an entity may be a financial supply facilitator in relation to the supply of an interest in an account, but the service it provides will not be a reduced credit acquisition unless it is the service of opening, issuing, closing, operating, maintaining, or performing a transaction in respect of the account.

Example 37: Financial supply facilitator

262. ABC Ltd engages XYZ Ltd to locate borrowers for ABC Ltd. XYZ Ltd receives money from ABC Ltd for this purpose and then provides that money as loans to borrowers. In this scenario, XYZ Ltd makes the supply of the loan monies to borrowers as agent for ABC Ltd. For the purposes of the GST regulations, XYZ Ltd is acting as a financial supply facilitator in relation to the supply of the interest in the loan funds. XYZ Ltd facilitates this supply for ABC Ltd (who is the financial supply provider by virtue of being the entity that owns the interest in the loan funds) and supplies that interest to borrowers.

263. The supply made by XYZ Ltd to ABC Ltd is a reduced credit acquisition under item 11 of subregulation 70-5.02(2) as the supply the financial supply facilitator is making is the provision of a loan facility under paragraph (b) of that item. The provision of the loan facility by XYZ Limited facilitates the supply of an interest in a credit arrangement by ABC Limited, the financial supply provider.

Example 38: Bringing about supply for financial supply provider

264. For the purpose of strategic planning, DMW Ltd engages Radical Ltd to provide advice on suitable takeover targets. Based on the advice supplied by Radical, DMW selects a company and engages Jones RD Ltd to facilitate the acquisition of a controlling interest in the company selected. In this scenario, despite the fact that the advice is relied upon to ultimately make a financial supply, Radical Ltd is not a financial supply facilitator. This is because the activities of Radical Ltd have only a general association with the acquisition of the controlling interest in that they assist the financial supply provider but do not assist the particular supply (of the acquisition) of the securities.

265. However, Jones RD Ltd is a financial supply facilitator because its activities have an identifiable association with DMW Ltd's acquisition of the controlling interest and assist that particular supply by the financial supply provider. The supply made by Jones RD Ltd to DMW Ltd is a reduced credit acquisition under item 9 of subregulation 70-5.02(2) as the supply it makes as a financial supply facilitator is the arrangement of the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest in a security, specifically, arranging a takeover bid under paragraph (f). The arranging of a takeover bid by Jones RD facilitates the supply (acquisition-supply) of an interest in securities by DMW Ltd, the financial supply provider.

When does an acquisition relate to making a financial supply?

266. Where a financial supply provider acquires the services of a financial supply facilitator to effect a financial supply, the complexity of the transaction may require that the facilitator supply services over an extended period. The financial supply provider is entitled to reduced input tax credits from the time there is a relationship between a reduced credit acquisition and the making of a financial supply. That is, the financial supply provider does not have to wait until the financial supply has been concluded before the entitlement arises.

267. How much reduced input tax credit an entity can claim and when it can be claimed will depend on the usual attribution rules. If your actual use of the acquisition changes from your planned use, you may need to make an adjustment to reflect any changes in the extent of your creditable purpose. (See Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/24.)

Example 39: Acquisitions leading up to making a financial supply

268. At the board meeting of Future Corporation, the decision to acquire a controlling interest in Past Enterprises is made and recorded in the minutes. To facilitate the transaction, Future Corporation engages the services of an investment banker (Present Ltd). Present Ltd invoices Future Corporation on a monthly basis. Present Ltd takes nine months to complete the transaction for Future Corporation.

269. 269. Although the acquisition of the controlling interest takes nine months to complete, Future Corporation is entitled to claim a reduced input tax credit for each preceding month's supply of services by Present Ltd (being the arrangement by a financial supply facilitator of the acquisition of an interest in a security) as each invoice issues. This is because the acquisition of the services relates to a financial supply that Future Corporation is in the process of making.

Example 40: Acquisitions leading up to the making of a financial supply where the transaction is not completed

270. Following from the example at paragraph 268, instead of the transaction being completed, Future Corporation's acquisition fails due to the actions of the existing Past Enterprises board. Although the shares are not in fact acquired, Present Ltd's services up to this point still relate to the making of a financial supply by Future Corporation.

271. As Future Corporation's actual use of Present Ltd's services has not changed from its planned use, no adjustment under Division 129 arises in these circumstances. This is because, up to this point, Future Corporation has used Present Ltd's services for the intended purpose.

Example 41: Success fee - single payment for services that partly relate to making a financial supply

272. Belvedere Ltd an investment company wishes to expand its operations into minerals exploration. It engages a merchant bank (Eagle Corp) to recommend a method (such as takeover, acquire assets, acquire a joint venture or partnership interest) by which the expansion may be most effectively achieved, and to facilitate the expansion once the method has been approved by the Belvedere Board. Eagle Corp will receive a success fee on completion of the arrangement.

273. After three months of due diligence activities, Eagle Corp recommends to Belvedere Ltd that a takeover of Rochester Enterprises (a medium sized minerals exploration company) will provide the best vehicle for its proposed expansion. At Belvedere's next Board meeting, the directors agree to proceed with the acquisition of a controlling interest in Rochester Enterprises and record this in the Board minutes. The arrangement of the acquisition of the shares in Rochester Enterprises takes Eagle Corp a further six months to complete. At that time it furnishes Belvedere Ltd with a tax invoice for all of the services rendered. Belvedere Ltd accounts for GST on a non-cash basis and remits monthly. Belvedere Ltd will need to ascertain the extent of creditable purpose relating to its acquisition from Eagle Corp to determine its entitlement to input tax credits in that month's tax period.

274. The services rendered prior to the activities of arranging the acquisition of the shares of Rochester Enterprises need to be apportioned in light of the type of due diligence advice provided by Eagle Corp. To the extent that the due diligence conducted relates to an option that, if adopted, would lead to the making of input taxed supplies, the acquisition of the advice would not be creditable. Conversely to the extent that advice relates to an option that, if adopted, would lead to the making of taxable supplies, the acquisition of the advice would be creditable. The services of arranging for the acquisition of the shares in Rochester are not for a creditable purpose as they relate to making supplies that would be input taxed. Belvedere Ltd may be entitled to a reduced input tax credit under item 9 of subregulation 70-5.02(2) in respect of the services acquired concerning the arrangement of the acquisitions of shares in Rochester Enterprises. (Whether Belvedere Ltd is entitled to reduced input tax credits for the acquisition depends on the other requirements of Division 70 being met and whether, in substance and reality, the services acquired come within item 9.)

Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition is not a reduced credit acquisition

275. Something that is used in making a reduced credit acquisition is not, for that reason, a reduced credit acquisition.[F108] This means that an input used by a supplier in providing something that is a reduced credit acquisition in the hands of the recipient, is not itself a reduced credit acquisition.

Example 42: Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition

276. Loaner Bank engages Retro Inc. to process its loan applications. Retro Inc. is short staffed and hires staff from an employment agency to process the loan applications. The supply of processing services by Retro Inc. is a reduced credit acquisition by Loaner Bank, however, the labour hire is not a reduced credit acquisition to Retro Inc.

277. Inputs into a supply that become an integral part of that supply do not need to be segregated out. While these things are not themselves reduced credit acquisitions, the supplier does not need to separately identify the inputs into the supply made to the financial supply provider.

Example 43: Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition - no need to separately identify

278. In the above example, Retro invoices Loaner for the processing services. The amount invoiced includes a component for the labour hire services. The acquisition of processing services is a reduced credit acquisition to Loaner Bank and there is no need for Loaner to segregate out the labour hire component.

Tax Invoices

279. No special tax invoice requirements apply to suppliers of reduced credit acquisitions. That is, the supplier is not required to identify that a particular supply is a reduced credit acquisition. However, the supplier must comply with the tax invoice requirements generally.

280. In particular, subregulation 29-70.01(2) of the GST regulations provides that where the total amount payable for the supply or supplies to which the tax invoice relates is $1000 or more, the tax invoice must include:

·
a brief description of each thing (paragraph 29-70.01(2)(f)); and
·
for each description, the quantity of the goods or the extent of the services supplied (paragraph 29-70.01(2)(g)).

281. Subdivision 29-C of the GST Act and Subdivision 29-C of the GST regulations and Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/17 set out the information requirements for tax invoices. These information requirements do not include any specific requirements for tax invoices issued for reduced credit acquisitions. Tax invoices issued must comply with the information requirements that apply to a supply of that kind.

What this Ruling does

Schedule 1

282. Schedule 1 of this Ruling contains a glossary of terms to explain what is understood by the financial product or acquisition mentioned in the Ruling including Schedule 2. Not all of these terms are legislative definitions. Most terms have been taken from banking and finance dictionaries or are based on explanations provided by industry bodies. (A list of references appears at the end of the glossary.)

283. Schedule 1 forms part of this Ruling. The explanations given in Schedule 1 for terms used in the Ruling are not exhaustive definitions nor are they interpretative. They are indicative only and may, due to industry usage, legal developments or other considerations change over time.

Schedule 2

284. Schedule 2 of this Ruling sets out the GST treatment of supplies and fees commonly provided by financial supply providers. Many of these are expressed by reference to the consideration provided for the supply of the services.

285. These supplies, fees, and charges are divided into the following categories:

·
Transaction Banking & Cash Management:

-
Accounts;
-
Payments and funds transfer;
-
Stored value and similar cards;
-
Deposits and investment;

·
Advances, Loans and Mortgages:

-
Loan transactions;
-
Credit and charge cards;
-
Mortgages and charges;
-
Debt and credit arrangements;

·
Trade Finance, Asset Based Finance and Inventory Based Finance:

-
Trade finance;
-
Asset based finance;
-
Inventory/receivables finance;

·
Securities;
·
Guarantees and Indemnities;
·
Currency;
·
Superannuation, Annuities and Allocated Pensions:

-
Superannuation;
-
Annuities or allocated pensions;

·
Derivatives;
·
Insurance;
·
Advisory and Professional Services:

-
Advisory and professional services;
-
Financial planning;

·
Brokerage and Facilitator Services;
·
Trustee and Custodian Services;
·
Funds Management;
·
Commodities and Collectibles.

How to read Schedule 2 of the Ruling

Requirements for financial supply

286. The provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest mentioned in subregulation 40-5.09(3) or (4) is a financial supply if:

·
the provision, acquisition or disposal is:

-
for consideration;
-
in the course or furtherance of an enterprise; and
-
connected with Australia; and

·
the supplier is:

-
registered or required to be registered; and
-
a financial supply provider in relation to the supply of the interest.

287. This is represented in the table as:

Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  ACCOUNTS      
A1 The following fees and charges by Australian ADIs¨ as account provider to account holders, or by an ADI to a non-account holder for a fee of less than $1,000      
A2 Account opening, keeping, maintenance and service fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Subregulation 40-5.09(4) may also apply

288. This means that the supply satisfies the requirement for a financial supply within the GST regulations because it is:

·
the provision of an interest in or under an account made available by an ADI in the course of its banking business;
·
provided the provision is:

-
for consideration;
-
in the course or furtherance of an enterprise; and
-
connected with Australia;

·
the supplier is a financial supply provider in relation to the supply of the interest; and
·
the supplier is registered or required to be registered.

As a financial supply, this supply is input taxed.

289. If relevant, subregulation 40-5.09(4) will also apply. The supply of those services to a non-account holder will be input taxed if supplied for a fee of less than $1,000 and if item 1 in subregulation 40-5.09(3) would have applied to that supply in relation to an account with the ADI.

290. The symbol "¨" indicates that the term is defined in the glossary.

Requirements for Incidental Financial supply

291. The supply may be an incidental financial supply if it satisfies the requirements of regulation 40-5.10, namely it is:

·
something that is supplied by the same supplier to the same recipient as the original financial supply;
·
supplied directly in connection with a financial supply;
·
incidental to the financial supply;
·
supplied at or about the same time, as the financial supply but not for separate consideration; and
·
the usual practice of the entity to supply the thing (or similar things) and the financial supply together in the ordinary course of the entity's enterprise.

292. This is represented in the table as:

Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  LOAN TRANSACTIONS      
B49 Card insurance (supplied with card - no separate fee) 40-5.09 Item 1 & 2 & 40-5.10 Input taxed  

293. This means that the supply of the insurance, provided with a transaction card for no separate (additional) fee, is incidental to the supply of an account under item 1 or the supply of an interest in credit under item 2 in subregulation 40-5.09(3). The supply is an incidental financial supply provided the requirements of regulation 40-5.10 are met. Being a financial supply, the supply is input taxed. (The supply, on the facts might also be characterised as a composite supply.)

Requirements for non-financial supply

294. If the supply does not satisfy the requirements of regulations 40-5.09, or if it is a supply listed within regulation 40-5.12, then it will not be a financial supply. It may be taxable, GST-free, input taxed or otherwise non-taxable under another provision of the GST Act. Some supplies may come within both regulations 40-5.09 and 40-5.12. Where this is the case, regulation 40-5.12 prevails and the supply will not be a financial supply (unless it is also an incidental financial supply).

295. This is represented in the table as:

Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  PAYMENT & FUNDS TRANSFER      
A101 The following fees and charges payable by a merchant for credit, debit and charge card merchant operations:      
A102 Sales processed fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  

296. This means that the supply is specified not to be a financial supply under regulation 40-5.12. Supplies under regulation 40-5.12 are generally taxable supplies, unless they are specifically treated as GST-free, input taxed or non-taxable under another provision of the GST Act. Sales processed fees for credit, debit and card merchant operations are taxable supplies under section 9-5 of the GST Act.

297. Whether or not a supply is in fact a supply of the kind listed in the fourth column depends on the requirements for a supply of that kind being met. Each transaction will need to be judged and its GST status determined by having regard to all the facts and circumstances particular to that case. Items in this category are identified by the symbol "†".

298. The line number in the table is used merely as a device for referring to a particular item.

299. Schedule 2 forms part of this Ruling.

Definitions

300. See the Glossary in Schedule 1 of this Ruling.

Detailed contents list

301. Below is a detailed contentS list for this Good and Services Tax Ruling:

  Paragraph
What this Ruling is about 1
Date of effect 6
Background 7
Financial acquisitions threshold 14
Reduced input tax credits (RITCs) 15
Extent of creditable purpose and changes in creditable purpose 18
Ruling with Explanations 19
40-5.09 - When is something a financial supply? 19
Supply includes acquisition 22
Supply 25
Supplier 27
Provision, acquisition or disposal 28
Consideration 33
Example 1: Supply and acquisition-supply are for consideration 36
Consideration relating to a loan 37
Example 2: Consideration for an interest-free loan 42
Financial supply given as consideration for a financial supply 43
Course or furtherance of an enterprise 44
When is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest connected with Australia? 45
Thing is done in Australia 51
Supply of a service 54
The creation, grant, transfer, assignment or surrender of a right 55
Entry into, or release from, an obligation 58
The provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest 61
Example 3: Provision of a financial interest - the thing is not done in Australia 62
Example 4: Provision of a financial interest - thing is done in Australia 63
Example 5: Supply of a guarantee - the thing is done in Australia 64
Example 6: Acquisition of financial interest - the thing is done in Australia 66
Supply made through an enterprise that the supplier carries on in Australia 67
Example 7: Supply through an enterprise 72
Example 8: Acquisition-supply made through an enterprise carried on in Australia 77
What is an 'interest' in relation to a financial supply? 78
Interest in or under 82
Example 9: Single supply of an interest in an item in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3) 89
Example 10: Supply of something that is an interest in or under an item and something that is not an interest in or under an item 90
Mixed and composite supplies 91
Example 11: Composite supply 93
Example 12: Mixed supply 95
Money as consideration for money 99
Example 13: Money is not a supply 100
Example 14: Money is a supply 101
Financial supply provider or financial supply facilitator 103
Financial supply provider 104
Financial supply facilitator 107
Acquisition of a financial interest 110
Why is an acquirer also a financial supply provider? 111
Example 15: Supply and acquisition-supply 113
Who is the recipient of the acquisition of a financial interest? 114
Regulation 40-5.10 - What is an incidental financial supply? 117
Composite supply versus incidental financial supply 119
When is something 'directly in connection with' a financial supply? 126
Example 16: Directly in connection with a financial supply 131
Example 17: Not directly in connection with a financial supply 132
When is a supply 'incidental' to a financial supply? 133
When is something provided not for separate consideration? 136
Example 18: Different consideration not separate consideration 137
Example 19: Separate consideration 138
What amounts to usual practice? 139
Example 20: Usual practice established 141
When is something provided in the ordinary course of the entity's enterprise? 142
Financial supplies for consumption outside Australia 144
Supplies that are both GST-free and input taxed 145
Subsection 38-190(1) - GST-free supplies 146
Item 2 146
Example 21: GST-free supply of services 149
Example 22: GST-free supply of a financial supply 150
Is the recipient registered or required to be registered? 151
Item 3 156
Example 23: Effective use or enjoyment takes place outside Australia 157
Item 4 158
Example 24: GST-free supply in relation to rights 159
Is there a connection between the supply and the GST permanent establishment? 161
Example 25: Supply made through a GST permanent establishment in Australia, but GST-free 162
Example 26: Supply made through a permanent establishment outside Australia 165
Determining whether the recipient is not a resident 166
Supply not GST-free if supplied under agreement and provided to an entity in Australia - subsection 38-190(3) 170
Intangible supplies from Offshore - 'Reverse charge' 171
Example 27: Acquisition from offshore not for a creditable purpose 175
Example 28: Financial supply not connected with Australia 180
Transfers between branches (not being GST branches) of the same entity 181
Regulation 40-5.12 - What are not financial supplies 184
Something that is both a financial supply and not a financial supply 186
Example 29: Regulation 40-5.12 prevails 187
Example 30: Regulation 40-5.10 prevails 188
Recovery and oncharge 191
Reduced credit acquisitions - regulation 70-5.02 198
Meaning of dictionary definition - 'account' 202
Is subregulation 70-5.02(2) inclusive or exclusive? 208
Internally generated management and support services by a non-resident parent entity 217
Closely related 220
Differentiating between mixed and composite acquisitions 223
Example 31: Acquisition of more than one thing 226
Reduced credit acquisition is acquired together with something that is not a reduced credit acquisition 228
Mixed acquisition - separately identifiable parts 235
Example 32: Mixed acquisition 246
Composite acquisition 247
Example 33: Composite acquisition 251
Example 34: Composite acquisition 252
Example 35: Specific exclusion 254
Example 36: No exclusion 256
What is a financial supply facilitator - items 9, 11, 18, 21, 27 and 28 257
Example 37: Financial supply facilitator 262
Example 38: Bringing about supply for financial supply provider 264
When does an acquisition relate to making a financial supply? 266
Example 39: Acquisitions leading up to making a financial supply 268
Example 40: Acquisitions leading up to the making of a financial supply where the transaction is not completed 270
Example 41: Success fee - single payment for services that partly relate to making a financial supply 272
Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition is not a reduced credit acquisition 275
Example 42: Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition 276
Example 43: Something acquired to make a reduced credit acquisition - no need to separately identify 278
Tax Invoices 279
What this Ruling does 282
Schedule 1 282
Schedule 2 284
How to read Schedule 2 of the Ruling 286
Requirements for financial supply 286
Requirements for Incidental Financial supply 291
Requirements for non-financial supply 294
Definitions 300
Detailed contents list 301

Commissioner of Taxation
26 June 2002

Schedule 1

Glossary of Terms

Abbreviations
Act Name Abbreviation
Corporations Act 2001 Corporations Act
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 SIS Act
A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 GST Act
A New Tax System (Goods & Services Tax) Regulations 1999 GST Regulations
Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 ITAA 1936
Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ITAA 1997

=A=

Acceptance Fee

A fee charged by a financial institution that accepts bills of exchange (drawn up by customers) to enhance their marketability.

Account

The Dictionary to the GST regulations defines account by way of a 'means and includes' definition. For the purposes of item 1 of subregulation 40-5.09(3) and subregulation 40-5.09(4), account means an account made available by an Australian ADI within the meaning of section 9 of the Corporations Act. For the purposes of regulation 70-5.02, the meaning of account is not limited to Australian ADIs but extends to accounts provided by non-ADIs.

It includes an account in relation to which the account holder (the customer) has the right to:

·
have the account maintained by the account provider (the provider);
·
repayment of the amount credited to the account by the provider; and
·
require the provider to act on directions by the customer that are in accordance with the arrangements, or any agreement, between the provider and the customer in relation to operation of the account.

The definition of account in the GST regulations includes the following accounts:

·
savings/transaction accounts (including accounts linked to debit cards);
·
cheque accounts;
·
call accounts;
·
retirement savings accounts;
·
term deposits;
·
loan accounts; and
·
credit card accounts.

The definition of account in the GST Regulations does not extend to an 'account' that records non-monetary balances such as reward/loyalty point and 'frequent flyer' point balances.

Account Receivable Financing

A facility whereby a firm uses its book debts as security for a loan or series of loans from finance companies. The difference between account receivable finance and debt factoring is that the former is a secured loan arrangement, while the latter is an outright purchase of receivables.

Actuary

A professional person who applies mathematical, statistical and financial analyses to a wide range of business risks. Actuaries are experienced in analysing financial transactions and assessing risks and operate mainly in the superannuation, investment and insurance industries. In Australia, an actuary will most likely be a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries of Australia (FIAA) or an accredited member of that institute, having gained similar overseas qualifications.

Additional Reports

In relation to a trustee administration service, are reports prepared to address regulatory and compliance obligations associated with taxation and funds administration.

Advance

A synonym for loans, overdrafts and other types of financial accommodation.

Allocated Pension/Annuity

Pension/annuity paid by a managed fund from investment of personal superannuation and rollover moneys. The amount and timing of the pension are nominated by the recipient. If the pension amount exceeds the income earned by the fund, the balance is made up by a partial return of capital. Withdrawals of capital are permitted and are concessionally taxed as eligible termination payments. Income payments themselves attract tax concessions. Allocated pension/annuity payments are paid at monthly, quarterly, half yearly or yearly intervals.

Annuity

Regular income payments, akin to a pension. The purchaser is known as an annuitant. There are many variations, but annuities are broadly classed as immediate (payment commences on purchase of the annuity) or deferred (payment commences on a specified future date).

Approved Deposit Fund

A type of fund into which lump sum eligible termination payments are deposited or 'rolled over' upon a person's retirement, resignation or retrenchment. Tax is deferred until funds are withdrawn, or rolled over into an annuity or allocated pension, which must be prior to age 65. In regulatory terms, an approved deposit fund has an approved trustee which is a constitutional corporation.

Asset Allocation Services

The apportionment of an investment portfolio among different asset classes (shares, bonds, property, cash and overseas investments) from time to time in accordance with the investment outlook of the investor or investment manager.

Asset Backing

The value of a company's assets standing behind its issued shares. Some companies may have a strong asset backing even if the dividends they pay on shares are relatively low.

Asset Reconciliation

In relation to custody services, where the bailee supplies these services for valuables such as jewellery or documents etc, there are rules which provide for the reconciliation of the bailor's assets held in custody.

Assignment

Legal transfer of rights or property from one person (the assignor) to another (the assignee). The assignee acquires rights subject to equity and cannot obtain a better title than that of the assignor. The assignee can however, obtain a lesser title than that of the assignor.

Assurance

A term which is used interchangeably with insurance, for example, life assurance/life insurance. Historically, assurance was used to describe insurance based on human life, for example, a life assurance policy that would pay out when the person either reached a certain age or died. In contrast, insurance dealt with insurance other than life insurance. The distinction today between the two terms in contemporary usage is minimal.

Austraclear Limited

Unlisted public company that acts as a clearing house for securities trading on Australian stock exchanges. The securities are held by Austraclear in a central depository and physical delivery is eliminated. Trading in securities takes place electronically, with Austraclear recording changes in ownership records.

Australian ADI

An Australian ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) is defined under section 9 of the Corporations Act to mean:

(a)
an ADI within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959; or
(b)
a person who carries on State banking within the meaning of paragraph 51(xiii) of the Constitution.

Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA)

The Commonwealth agency responsible for prudential regulation of banks, life insurance companies, general insurance companies and superannuation funds having taken over these functions from the Insurance and Superannuation Commission and the Reserve Bank of Australia.

Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)

The primary regulatory body responsible for administering the Corporations legislation, replacing the National Companies and Securities Commission, Australian Securities Commission and the Corporate Affairs Commission of the co-operative scheme.

Authorised Deposit-Taking Institution (ADI)

A body corporate in relation to which an authority under subsection 9(3) of the Banking Act 1959 is in force.

Automatic Teller Machine (ATM)

A customer activated online terminal that enables customers to access account balances, deposit and withdraw cash and transfer funds between accounts. The ATM operates by the insertion of a plastic identification card in the terminal, entry of a personal identification number (PIN) and activation of an instruction keyboard.

=B=

B-PAY

A national bill payment scheme for telephone and internet banking services.

Bailment

Delivery of goods or property from one party (the bailor) to another (the bailee) upon a condition, express or implied, that they will be returned to the bailor when the purpose for which they were bailed ceases. Although possession passes to the bailee, ownership remains with the bailor. A bailee owes a duty to the bailor to take due care of the property and to restore it to the bailor in accordance with the terms of the bailment. The bailee may pay bailment fees under the arrangement.

Bank Cheque

A cheque drawn on a particular bank and obtained from that bank by a payer for the payment of an amount.

Banking Business

Subsection 5(1) of the Banking Act 1959 defines banking business as:

(a)
a business that consists of banking within the meaning of paragraph 51(xiii) of the Constitution; or
(b)
a business that is carried on by a corporation to which paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution applies and that consists, to any extent, of:

(i)
both taking money on deposit (otherwise than as part-payment for identified goods or services) and making advances of money; or
(ii)
other financial activities prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this definition.

For the purposes of subparagraph (b)(ii) of the definition of banking business in subsection 5(1) of the Banking Act 1959, the provision of a purchased payment facility is banking business if APRA determines that the facility:

(a)
is of a type for which the purchaser of the facility is able to demand payment, in Australian currency, of all, or any part, of the balance of the amount held in the facility that is held by the holder of the stored value; and
(b)
is available, on a wide basis, as a means of payment, having regard to:

(i)
any restrictions that limit the number or types of people who may purchase the facility; and
(ii)
any restrictions that limit the number or types of people to whom payments may be made using the facility.

Bare Trust

A trust that merely holds property on trust for a beneficiary, with the trustee having no duty (as to the trust property) other than to convey the property according to the instructions of the beneficial owner. It is different from a custodian agreement, because a bare trustee has legal title in the property.

Bare Trustee

The trustee of a 'bare trust' (see above).

Barter

A type of countertrade, where goods and services are exchanged for other goods and services.

Bearer Security

A negotiable security such as a bond or debenture payable to the holder on maturity, title to which passes by mere delivery.

Best Endeavours Underwriting

See Underwriting.

Bill of Exchange

An unconditional order in writing requiring the party to whom it is addressed to pay on demand, or at a fixed or determinable future time, a stipulated amount in money to, or to the order of, a specified person or to bearer. It is a negotiable instrument, usually sold at a discount to face value. A bill of exchange includes a promissory note, cheque, bank draft, bank cheque and order.

Biller

In relation to a payment system, means a business or organisation that collects payments through B-PAY.

Biller Institution

In relation to a payment system, means a participating financial institution that provides transactional processing services to billers, by collecting payments from the B-PAY central interchange processor and delivering the payments to the biller.

Bond

Debt instrument issued by government, semi-government and statutory bodies as well as corporates. Bonds are generally fixed interest securities with interest paid half-yearly, and are of medium to long term.

Brokerage

Payment made to a broker (an intermediary between buyers and sellers), usually calculated as a percentage of the amount of the transaction.

=C=

Capital Fees

Fees charged in relation to the holding and or management of capital assets on behalf of another entity. Also referred to as capital commission.

CHAMP

CHAMP is the CHESS Interface System. It is the PC based software for Australian institutions, custodians, and brokers who have a requirement to connect to the Australian Stock Exchange's CHESS settlement system.

Charge

A form of security for the payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, consisting of the right of a creditor to receive payment out of some specific fund or out of the proceeds of the realisation of specific property. The fund or property is said to be charged with the debt payable out of it.

Charge Card

An article, commonly known as a charge card, entitling the holder to obtain goods or services, usually up to a prescribed limit, and requiring payment in full, or of an agreed proportion, at regular intervals. Some charge cards only cover purchases from the issuer's retail outlets. However, some financial institutions issue charge cards which have a wide acceptability similar to credit cards.

Chattel

A chattel in law refers to any property other than freehold land. 'Chattels personal' include movable and tangible property. 'Chattels real' comprise leasehold and interests in land less than actual freehold.

Chattel Mortgage

A loan agreement that grants to the lender a lien (the right to retain property or goods of another in the lender's possession until payment of a debt) on property other than freehold land.

Cheque

A bill of exchange, or draft on a bank, drawn against available funds to pay a specified sum of money to a specified person on demand. The term cheque is defined in subsection 10(1) of the Cheques Act 1986, which states:


A cheque is an unconditional order in writing that:

(a)
is addressed by a person to another person, being a financial institution; and
(b)
is signed by the person giving it; and
(c)
requires the financial institution to pay on demand a sum certain in money.

Clean Bill

A bill of exchange that has no commercial documents or special conditions attached.

Clean Collection

Collection of bills of exchange drawn on an Australian ADI by an overseas party.

Clearing Account

A clearing account is either an accumulation account (a holder record maintained in CHESS by a broker to facilitate settlement of CHESS approved securities with clients who are not participants) or a settlement account (a holder record maintained in CHESS by a participant non-broker to facilitate settlement of CHESS approved securities with other participants).

Clearing House Electronic Subregister System (CHESS)

A clearing and settlement system for equities involving the Australian Stock Exchange and the banking system. It provides for electronic transfer of title to securities and electronic payment rather than payment by cheque. Settlement for transactions between brokers must take place on the third business day after the date of the transaction (T+3).

Clearing Transactions

An institutional arrangement for transferring securities and monetary transfers by way of a simple and efficient means of exchange.

Collateral

Term for security given by a borrower to support a loan.

Commercial Bills

Accommodation bills that have no underlying trade transactions.

Commercial Paper

Negotiable, short-term, unsecured promissory notes issued in bearer form, usually on a discount basis. Commercial paper is usually issued for a term of up to 180 days by a corporation to raise working capital.

Commission

Payment to an agent or similar entity, or to an employee for particular services rendered. The payment may be made on a fixed sum or fixed percentage basis, or on a sliding scale based on the value of the transaction.

Commitment Fee

Fee charged by a financial institution to keep open a line of credit or to provide a specified amount of financial accommodation in the future at a nominated interest rate. The fee is designed (in theory) to offset the cost of keeping funds available.

Common Fund

An account established to pool the funds of particular entities, such as the members or beneficiaries of a superannuation fund or trust. The authority to establish a common fund, and the rules on the nature and operation of the common fund, usually arise under relevant trust legislation. The pooled monies are invested in a mix of assets determined by the investment option selected.

Company Title

The grant by a company of a right of exclusive use or occupancy of real property that the company owns or holds to a shareholder as a right attached to the holding of the shares. The right may be a lease, licence or a contractual right. The company's constitution must permit the granting of such rights.

Compliance Services

Fulfilling the compliance needs of clients that may arise under various statutes or contracts.

Continuous Disability Policy

A contract of insurance that is, by its terms, to be of more than 3 years duration and under which a benefit is payable in the event of:

(i)
the death, by accident or by some other cause stated in the contract, of the person whose life is insured; or
(ii)
injury to, or disability of, the insured as a result of accident or sickness; or
(iii)
the insured being found to have a stated condition or disease.

A contract of insurance is not a continuous disability policy if the terms of the contract permit alteration, at the instance of the life company concerned, of the benefits provided for by the contract or the premiums payable under the contract unless the only alterations that are permitted to be made are alterations that improve the benefits and are made following an offer made by the life company and accepted by the owner of the policy.

A contract of consumer credit insurance within the meaning of the Insurance Contracts Act 1984 or a contract of insurance entered into in the course of carrying on health insurance business is not a continuous disability policy.

Convertible Notes

Unsecured notes issued to existing shareholders with the right to either redeem the note for cash or convert it into ordinary shares at a fixed price at certain specified dates. Notes carry a fixed interest rate based on the issue price known as the coupon rate.

Core Custody

A mixture of services relating to the holding of assets on behalf of other entities. Typically, core custody or global custody includes holding certificates, changing the name on certificates, and making and receiving payments in respect of assets.

Corpus Commission

Commission calculated on the value of capital assets held in trust and estate administration.

Counterparty

The responding party to a transaction including a foreign exchange or swap transaction.

Countertrade

International commercial operations in which the exporter of merchandise agrees to full or partial payment in the form of goods and services from another country. Transactions generally pass through the hands of a compensator (i.e., countertrade broker). The basic types of countertrade include barter, counterpurchase, buy-back and offsets.

Coupon

A detachable interest voucher which forms part of a bearer bond and entitles the holder to a cash payment on presentation to the issuer on or after the due date (half yearly or yearly).

Credit Arrangement

An arrangement under which an entity lends money on terms that include deferred repayment, or under which payment of a debt owed by one entity to another is deferred or time is allowed to pay.

Credit Card

An article, commonly known as a credit card and any similar article used in obtaining cash, goods or services on credit. It includes an article commonly issued by persons conducting business to their customers, or prospective customers, for use in obtaining goods or services from the business on credit.

Credit Union

A non-bank financial institution for personal savings and loans, structured on a co-operative basis. Traditionally, credit unions were established on the basis of a common bond among their membership (for example workplace or community oriented) and existed to provide savings and personal loan facilities to their members. Credit unions are now recognised as ADIs and operate under the Banking Act 1959 and the Corporations Act. For the purposes of the GST regulations, a credit union includes the Cairns Penny Bank Limited (ACN 087 933 757).

Custodian

An entity or person holding assets and safeguarding property on behalf of another. Unlike a trustee, a custodian does not hold legal title in the property.

In relation to a superannuation entity, a custodian means a person (other than the trustee of the entity) who, under a contract with the trustee or an investment manager of the entity, performs custodian functions in relation to any of the assets of the entity. In most cases, the 'superannuation custodian' will become the legal owner, but not the beneficial owner, of some or all of the assets of the fund.

Custody

Legal responsibility for the property of another. This generic term includes a variety of custodian roles including core custody, safe custody and services in relation to property.

=D=

Debenture

A debenture of a body, for the purposes of the GST regulations, is a chose in action that includes an undertaking by the body to repay as a debt, money deposited with or lent to the body. The chose in action may (but need not) include a charge over property of the body to secure repayment of the money.

A debenture is a security under the definition in section 92 of the Corporations Act. Item 10(a) of subregulation 40-5.09(3) of the GST regulations includes as a security, certain exclusions from the definition of debenture under the Corporations Act.

It includes:

(a)
an undertaking to repay money deposited with or lent to the body by a person if:

(i)
the person deposits or lends the money in the ordinary course of a business carried on by the person; and
(ii)
the body receives the money in the ordinary course of carrying on a business that neither comprises nor forms part of a business of borrowing money and providing finance; or

(b)
an undertaking by an Australian ADI to repay money deposited with it, or lent to it, in the ordinary course of its banking business; or
(c)
an undertaking to pay money under:

(i)
a cheque; or
(ii)
an order for the payment of money; or
(iii)
a bill of exchange; or

(d)
an undertaking to pay money under a promissory note that has a face value of at least $50,000; or
(e)
an undertaking by a body corporate to pay money to a related body corporate; or
(f)
an undertaking to repay money that is prescribed by the regulations.

The Corporations Act definition also provides that for the purposes of the definition [of debenture], if a chose in action that includes an undertaking by a body to pay money as a debt is offered as consideration for the acquisition of securities under an off-market takeover bid, or is issued under a compromise or arrangement under Part 5.1 of the Corporations Act, the undertaking is taken to be an undertaking to repay as a debt money deposited with or lent to the body.

Debit Card

An article intended for use by an entity in obtaining access to an account held by the entity for the purpose of withdrawing or depositing cash or obtaining goods or services. Use of a debit card transfers funds directly from client account to merchant account or provides a voucher cashable by the merchant.

Debt

An amount due from one entity to another or a presently existing obligation to pay an ascertainable amount at a future time.

Debt Security

As defined in the glossary of sharemarket terms by the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX):

(a)
an unsecured note, except one convertible to a share or unit;
(b)
a debenture, except one convertible to a share or unit;
(c)
any security that ASX decides to classify as a debt security;
(d)
but not a security ASX decides to classify as an equity security.

Deed

A written document evidencing a legal transaction. Promises in a deed do not have to be supported by consideration, which differentiates it from a contract generally.

Deposit

(a)
money lodged in an account at a financial institution at call or at term;
(b)
to lodge for safekeeping;
(c)
initial down payment on a terms purchase;
(d)
money paid as proof of intent to complete a contract.

Deposit Splitting

Money deposited with a financial institution is 'split' and credited to a number of different accounts held by the same account holder.

Derivative

Financial instruments such as options, forwards, futures, swaps, etc. whose value is tied to or derived from an underlying security, commodity, currency, liability or index. Entities usually use derivatives to hedge against changes in interest rates and foreign exchange risks or to minimise business risks. Some derivatives are also called synthetics or exotics.

Direct Credit

This system is designed for the benefit of a company or other organisation which pays large numbers of regular payments of fixed amounts to its creditors, and prefers to originate credits itself in the accounts of its creditors with the financial institutions concerned.

Direct Debit

This system is designed for the benefit of a company or other organisation which receives large numbers of regular payments of fixed amounts by standing orders from its debtors, and which prefers to originate debits itself on the accounts of its debtors with the financial institution concerned.

Dishonoured Cheque

A cheque duly presented for payment that a drawee financial institution refuses to pay because the account of the drawer contains insufficient funds or because payment would make the account overdrawn beyond any overdraft limit.

Dividend

Periodic distribution, usually from profits, to ordinary shareholders. It is generally expressed as a percentage of the nominal or par value of the ordinary share capital or as an absolute amount per share. Most companies pay dividends half yearly (interim) or yearly (final).

Documentary Collection

A method of financing international trade where the exporter presents a bill of exchange plus shipping documents to the importer's local bank with instructions as to the collection of the debt. The collection will include the exporter's explicit instructions as to the manner of payment and collection of proceeds.

Documentary Credit

Credit advice issued by a financial institution at the request of an importer authorising the payment of money to a beneficiary against delivery of specified shipping documents (usually accompanied by a bill of exchange covering the cost of goods plus freight, etc).

Drafts

Bills of exchange on demand are called drafts because they are drawn by one person on another. Cheques are sometimes called drafts.

Drawdown

(v.) To utilise all or part of a large loan facility. (n.) The part of a loan facility accessed at a particular time.

=E=

Electronic Funds Transfer at Point of Sale (EFTPOS)

A computerised system whereby a customer can electronically transfer funds from its account where the proceeds are immediately credited to the supplier's account with a financial institution in consideration for goods and services purchased from the supplier. The transaction involves the customer utilising a plastic card to activate the transfer of funds.

Encashment

Encashment (settlement) in relation to share trading, is an arrangement between brokerage houses for the payment or receipt of cash or securities. It represents the final consummation of a securities transaction and is handled through the stock clearing corporation.

Endorsement

A writing on the back of an instrument such as a bill of exchange, cheque, bill of lading, deed, writ, etc. A bill or cheque payable to order is negotiated by the endorsement of the holder, completed by delivery. If the endorser simply signs their name on the bill or cheque it becomes payable to bearer. If the instrument is transferred to a named payee this becomes a special endorsement. A restrictive endorsement destroys the negotiability of the instrument.

Entry Fee

A charge levied on money invested in a managed fund such as an unit trust, superannuation fund or life insurance policy.

Equity Security

As defined in the glossary of sharemarket terms by the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX):

(a)
a share;
(b)
a unit;
(c)
a right to a share or unit or option;
(d)
an option over a security;
(e)
a security convertible into another class of securities;
(f)
any security that ASX decides to classify as an equity security;
(g)
but not a security ASX decides to classify as a debt security.

Escrow Agent

The holder of property to be delivered by the agent upon the fulfilment of agreed contractual conditions. Similar to a bare trustee, the role of an escrow agent usually originates to ensure completion of a contract.

Establishment Fee

A scale of charges applied by a financial institution, where a customer takes up a loan offer, to cover the cost of processing the loan application, taking security, etc.

Exit Fee

A fee charged on withdrawal of funds by a unit holder from a managed fund, such as an unit trust, superannuation fund or life insurance policy.

Extendable Bond

Bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.

Extendable Notes

Note with maturity that can be extended by mutual agreement between the issuer and investors.

=F=

Factoring

The sale and purchase of book debts, invoices payable etc, for cash. The factor operates by buying from his or her clients their invoiced debts. These are purchased without recourse, the factor becoming responsible for all credit control, sales accounting and debt collection. The factor has no call on his client unless there is a dispute over the delivery or quality of the goods. It is a form of specialisation which enables companies to sell their outstanding book debts for cash. The selling company receives payment for the debts purchased on a calculated average settlement date instead of a number of small payments spread over an indefinite period.

Financial Planning Services

Provision of financial and portfolio advice to internal and external clients provided directly by in-house resources or indirectly by external service providers.

Financial Supply

A financial supply has the meaning given by the GST regulations made for the purposes of subsection 40-5(2) of the GST Act. The provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest mentioned in the regulations is a financial supply where that provision, acquisition or disposal satisfies the requirements in the regulations. Examples of financial supplies include maintaining and operating cheque and savings accounts for account holders; lending, including maintaining and discharging loans; mortgages; life insurance contracts; conversion of foreign currency; futures contracts, commodity derivatives, options; and shares or debentures.

Financial Supply Facilitator

Under regulation 40-5.07 of the GST regulations, a financial supply facilitator, in relation to the supply of an interest, is an entity facilitating the supply of the interest for a financial supply provider.

Financial Supply Provider

Under regulation 40-5.06 of the GST regulations, an entity who in relation to the supply of an interest that was:

(a)
immediately before the supply, the property of the entity; or
(b)
created by the entity in making the supply is the financial supply provider of the interest.

The entity that acquires the interest is also the financial supply provider of the interest.

Floating Rate Note

Long term (>5 years) debt securities whose interest rates are adjusted periodically in line with a benchmark rate.

Floor Plan Arrangement/Finance

An agreement under which a financier purchases capital goods from a manufacturer or distributor for the purposes of display and sale by a wholesaler or retailer. The financier retains legal title to the goods, while possession and limited rights over the goods (and the obligation to return the goods if unsold) are granted to the dealer. Floor plan finance is a form of bailment.

Foreclosure

A remedy available to a mortgagee on default of the mortgagor, enabling the mortgagee to seek an order for extinguishing the mortgagor's equity of redemption (relevant only to general law land, not to Torrens title). Its effect is to vest full title in the mortgagee and thus enable the sale of the property with an unencumbered title.

Foreign Currency Draft

A draft payable in a foreign currency.

Foreign Currency Notes

Monetary notes otherwise than in Australian currency.

Foreign Investment Fund (FIF)

Income tax provisions apply (to interests in FIFs) for the purposes of determining the assessable income of resident beneficiaries that hold interests in certain foreign companies and trusts.

Forfaiting

A fixed interest trade financing technique whereby an exporter (seller) who receives a bill of exchange, promissory note or any other freely negotiable instrument for the supply of goods and services, discounts the debt instrument with a financial institution (the forfaiter) on a non-recourse basis after having accepted the instrument. (This means that the forfaiter cannot claim payment of the debt from the exporter if the importer defaults.) Effectively, the exporter passes all risks and responsibility for collection to the forfaiter in exchange for immediate cash payment. Unless the importer is of undoubted creditworthiness, the forfaiter will cover any risk by obtaining security by way of an 'aval' or unconditional, irrevocable bank guarantee, from the importer's bank. The forfaiter either holds the notes until full maturity (as an investment) or sells them to another forfaiter, again on a non-recourse basis. The holder of the instruments then presents each receivable to the financial institution at which they are payable, as they fall due.

Forward Contract

A cash market transaction in which two parties agree to the purchase and sale of a commodity at some future time under such conditions as the two agree. In contrast to futures contracts, the terms of forward contracts are not standardised, a forward contract is not transferable and there is no margin or collateral requirement to assure performance of the contract.

Forward Rate Agreement (FRA)

A hedge agreement between two parties to fix the interest rate of a future loan or deposit of a specified amount and term. No principal amounts are exchanged and the FRA is separate from the underlying loan or deposit.

Front-End Fee

A fee payable to a lender at the beginning of a loan or a deduction from the principal amount when investing in a rollover fund or unit trust.

Futures Contract

A standardised agreement between two parties to buy or sell a specified quantity of a commodity of a given grade or quality, or a financial instrument, or to make a cash adjustment based on a change in the price of the commodity or instrument, at an agreed time in the future. Futures contracts can be used to hedge the cost of future borrowings and the rate of return on future money market investments. A futures contract differs from a forward contract in that the former is traded on a futures exchange.

Futures Exchange

Futures exchange means:

(a)
a body corporate in relation to which an approval under section 1126 of the Corporations Act is in force; or
(b)
a body corporate that is recognised as a futures exchange in a foreign country and operates as a futures exchange under the laws of that country.

=G=

Garnishee

To attach money held for another by means of a garnishee order.

Garnishee Order

A court order obtained by a judgment creditor attaching funds in the hands of a third party (the garnishee) who owes money to the judgment debtor. If the garnishee is a financial institution holding funds in the name of a judgment debtor, it is obliged to pay the amount in the garnishee order as the court directs.

Giro Post

Service provided by Australia Post to customers of a number of participating banks and other financial institutions. Customers of these institutions are able to use credit and debit cards at post offices to make deposits and withdrawals and obtain account balances.

Guarantee

A promise in writing made by one party (the guarantor or surety) that should another party (the obligor) fail to carry out an engagement made with a third party (obligee), the guarantor will be liable for the debt, default or miscarriage of the obligor. A contract of guarantee must be supported by consideration, unless it is in the form of a deed under seal.

=H=

Hedging

Taking steps to protect against, or reduce, the risk of future price or exchange rate fluctuations.

Hire Purchase

A contract for the purchase of goods whereby the hirer acquires possession and use of, but not title to, the goods until all instalments have been paid.

Within the meaning of section 995-1 of the ITAA 1997 hire purchase means:

(a)
a contract for the hire of goods where:

(i)
the hirer has the right, obligation or contingent obligation to buy the goods; and
(ii)
the charge that is or may be made for the hire, together with any other amount payable under the contract (including an amount to buy the goods or to exercise an option to do so), exceeds the price of the goods; and
(iii)
title in the goods does not pass to the hirer until the option referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) is exercised; or

(b)
an agreement for the purchase of goods by instalments where title in the goods does not pass until the final instalment is paid.

=I=

Income Commission

Commission based fees calculated on the income derived from assets held and/or managed on behalf of another.

Indemnity

A contractual obligation under which a person assumes primary responsibility for the debt or undertaking of another.

Interchange

The process of passing transactions between participants in a payment system.

Interchange Fees

Payments and associated fees between participants in a payment system and/or operators to cover operating costs and risks associated with Interchange.

Internal Common Fund

Funds within each statutory trustee organisation made up of balances from various client trusts pooled for greater investment capability. (See also 'common fund'.)

Investment Account Contract

A contract that:

·
provides for benefits to be paid on death or on a specified date(s) or on death before the specified date, or the last of the specified dates;
·
provides for the benefits to be calculated by reference to a running account under the contract or units, the value of which are guaranteed by the contract not to be reduced; and
·
provides for the account to be increased (for example, by the amounts of premiums paid or interest payable).

A contract is not an investment account contract if it provides for the account to be reduced otherwise than by the amounts of withdrawals by the person responsible for the payment of premiums or by the amounts of charges payable under the contract.

A contract will be an investment account contract where APRA makes a written declaration upon the request of a life company that contracts of a kind specified in the declaration and entered into by the company are, or would be, investment account contracts.

Investment-Linked Contract

A contract:

·
for the provision of benefits calculated by reference to units, the value of which is related to the market value of a specified class or group of assets of the party by whom the benefits are to be provided; and
·
that provides for benefits to be paid on death or on a specified date(s) or on death before the specified date, or the last of the specified dates.

A contract will be an investment-linked contract where APRA makes a written declaration upon the request of a life company that contracts of a kind specified in the declaration and entered into by the company are, or would be, investment-linked contracts.

=L=

Lease

A contract whereby one party (the lessor) grants to another party (the lessee) the exclusive right to use the lessor's property for an agreed period of time, usually in return for the payment of rent over the term of the lease agreement.

Letter of Administration

A grant by a Court authorising an administrator to administer a deceased estate. The grant of letters of administration empowers the administrator to deal with a deceased's property similarly to an executor.

Letter of Credit (Documentary Credit)

Letters of credit substitute the lender's credit for the borrower's credit. A letter of credit is frequently used by companies ordering goods from foreign suppliers with whom they have no credit relationship. A letter of credit is a short-term negotiable security where payment is assured upon presentation of certain documents or meeting certain conditions.

Different forms of letters of credit include: revolving, standby, irrevocable, revocable, confirmed, unconfirmed, commercial, traveller's, performance, transferable, back-to-back.

Letter of Identification

A letter issued by a financial institution to a customer to whom a letter of credit has been supplied. It is used with the latter as proof of the bearer's signature and identity.

Life Insurance Business

Business that consists of issuing of life policies, issuing of sinking fund policies, undertaking of liability under life policies, undertaking of liability under sinking fund policies, and any related business. It includes business declared to be life insurance business.

Life (insurance) Policy

Each of the following constitutes a life policy for the purposes of the Life Insurance Act 1995:

(a)
a contract of insurance that:

(i)
provides for the payment of money on the death of a person or on the happening of a contingency dependent on the termination or continuance of human life;
(ii)
is subject to payment of premiums for a term dependent on the termination or continuance of human life;
(iii)
provides for the payment of an annuity for a term dependent on the continuance of human life;

(b)
a contract that provides for the payment of an annuity for a term not dependent on the continuance of human life but exceeding the term prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph;
(c)
a continuous disability policy;
(d)
a contract (whether or not it is a contract of insurance) that constitutes an investment account contract or investment-linked contract.

A contract that provides for the payment of money on the death of a person is not a life policy if:

(a)
by the terms of the contract, the duration of the contract is to be not more than one year; and
(b)
payment is only to be made in the event of:

(i)
death by accident; or
(ii)
death resulting from a specified sickness.

Line of Credit

A flexible loan arrangement with a financial institution agreeing to lend funds to a client on a 'come and go' basis up to a prescribed maximum figure. The client only pays interest on the funds actually borrowed. The facility is similar to an overdraft but can include fixed term borrowing as well as bank bill and other facilities. The exposure limit is reviewed regularly.

Loans - (Including Borrowing and Lending)

A loan is a credit arrangement under which the lender provides the use of its funds on specified terms under a business contract. Loans may be made in Australian or foreign currency.

Loans are classified by a variety of variables including:

·
the lender, the size of the borrower (commercial, corporate);
·
the purpose of the loan (personal, business, mortgage, franchise, venture, operating, capital or bridge);
·
what is lent (Australian dollars, gold, securities);
·
the nature of the interest rate (fixed or variable);
·
the nature of the payment;
·
whether there is collateral (secured, unsecured);
·
the time to maturity, conditions of repayment (call, fixed term).

Loyalty Program

A 'consumer loyalty program' is described in Taxation Ruling TR 1999/6 as a marketing tool operated by a supplier of goods or services (including credit card providers), or a group of such suppliers, to encourage customers to be loyal to the supplier(s). The standard features of these programs are:

(a)
the customer is dealing with the supplier in a personal capacity, that is, in accordance with the normal arm's length commercial relationship that exists between consumers and suppliers;
(b)
membership is restricted to natural persons;
(c)
membership of the program is usually by application, which may require an application fee and/or annual fees;
(d)
points are received with each purchase of goods or services;
(e)
members and non-members of the program pay the same amount for goods or services purchased; and
(f)
points are redeemable for goods or services.

The definition also extends to commercial business to business loyalty programs which offer the features listed in (c) to (f) above but does not include loyalty programs which provide for trade or volume discounts.

Membership of a trade exchange (barter scheme) does not constitute membership of a loyalty program.

=M=

Macroeconomics

Economic analysis concerning broad trends and influences on the economy, such as the interaction of fiscal and monetary policies, GDP, balance of payments, etc.

Managed Investment Scheme

A managed investment scheme is defined under section 9 of the Corporations Act to mean:

(a)
a scheme that has the following features:

(i)
people contribute money or money's worth as consideration to acquire rights (interests) to benefits produced by the scheme (whether the rights are actual, prospective or contingent and whether they are enforceable or not);
(ii)
any of the contributions are to be pooled, or used in a common enterprise, to produce financial benefits, or benefits consisting of rights or interests in property, for the people (the members) who hold interests in the scheme (whether as contributors to the scheme or as people who have acquired interests from holders);
(iii)
the members do not have day-to-day control over the operation of the scheme (whether or not they have the right to be consulted or to give directions); or

(b)
a time-sharing scheme;

The Corporations Act definition excludes particular items from the meaning of a managed investment scheme for the purposes of that Act. Some of these exclusions are added to the definition of a Security for the purposes of the GST regulations. These exclusions are identified below. For the purposes of section 9 of the Corporations Act a managed investment scheme does not include the following:

·
a partnership that has more than 20 members but does not need to be incorporated or formed under an Australian law because of regulations made for the purposes of subsection 115(2);
·
a body corporate (other than a body corporate that operates as a time sharing scheme);
·
a scheme in which all the members are bodies corporate that are related to each other and to the body corporate that promotes the scheme;[F109]
·
a franchise;
·
a statutory fund maintained under the Life Insurance Act 1995;
·
a regulated superannuation fund, an approved deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust, or a public sector superannuation scheme, within the meaning of the SIS Act;
·
a scheme operated by an Australian ADI in the ordinary course of its banking business;[F110]
·
the issue of debentures or convertible notes by a body corporate;
·
a barter scheme under which each participant may obtain goods or services from another participant for consideration that is wholly or substantially in kind rather than in cash;[F111]
·
a retirement village scheme operating within or outside Australia:

(i)
under which the participants, or a majority of them, are provided, or are to be provided, with residential accommodation within a retirement village (whether or not the entitlement of a participant to be provided with accommodation derives from a proprietary interest held by the participant in the premises where the accommodation is, or is to be, provided); and
(ii)
which is not a time-sharing scheme;

·
a scheme that is operated by a co-operative company registered under Part VI of the Companies (Co-operative) Act 1943 of Western Australia or under a previous law of Western Australia that corresponds to that Part;[F112]
·
a scheme of a kind declared by the regulations not to be a managed investment scheme.

Management Fee

The fee charged by a managed fund's manager(s), a superannuation fund's manager(s) or life insurer's manager(s) for investment management, administration, trusteeship, etc, services.

Mandate

The agreed objectives given by an investor to his or her investment manager, often including a benchmark portfolio, guidelines as to maximum and minimum sector exposures, and prohibited investments. A mandate is usually set out as part of the management agreement between a fund manager and its client.

Margin

(a)
the difference between a cost price and sale price of goods, securities and other property;
(b)
a deposit of money on the purchase of securities;
(c)
the difference between a benchmark rate and the interest rate charged to individual borrowers;
(d)
the difference in dollar terms between financial accommodation and security lodged by a borrower;
(e)
the difference between the spot price and forward price of a currency;
(f)
the difference between the interest rate paid on deposits and charged for loans.

Master Custody

Custody of all assets of clients domiciled in a particular market with which the master custodian has a direct contractual arrangement so that the master custodian has primary control of the client's assets. In addition to providing core custody services, master custody delivers consolidated tax reporting of multiple investment manager portfolios in domestic and foreign currency, as well as performance analysis, and reporting that complies with Australian accounting standards.

Master Fund

An investment vehicle that enables individual investors or small superannuation funds to channel money into one or more underlying investments, most commonly wholesale or retailed pooled funds operated by professional investment managers.

Master funds can generally be categorised into three distinct types:

·
discretionary funds - where the individual investor selects the underlying investment product(s) from a list drawn up by the master fund manager;
·
fund of funds - where the investor selects a general risk profile (for example, growth, capital stable), but the master fund manager selects the underlying investments from among a range of products managed by external managers;
·
feeder funds - operate similarly to fund of funds arrangements, but with the master fund manager also being responsible for managing the underlying investments.

Master funds that are structured as prescribed interests are commonly referred to as master trusts. However, the term master fund encompasses the broader scope of the industry including products offered by life insurance companies.

Merchant

An entity that supplies goods and/or services.

Microeconomics

Economic analysis dealing with individual companies or markets and their impact on the economy.

Money

Money is defined by section 195-1 of the GST Act to mean:

(a)
currency (whether of Australia or of any other country); and
(b)
promissory notes and bills of exchange; and
(c)
any negotiable instrument used or circulated, or intended for use or circulation, as currency (whether of Australia or of any other country); and
(d)
postal notes and money orders; and
(e)
whatever is supplied as payment by way of:

(i)
credit card or debit card; or
(ii)
crediting or debiting an account; or
(iii)
creation or transfer of a debt.

However, it does not include:

(f)
a collector's piece; or
(g)
an investment article; or
(h)
an item of numismatic interest; or
(i)
currency the market value of which exceeds its stated value as legal tender in the country of issue.

Money Order

An order for the payment of money, issued by and payable at post offices and requiring proof of ownership before payment.

Mortgage

A conveyance or transfer of title (either equitable or legal) to property by the owner (mortgagor) to another person (mortgagee) to secure repayment of money. The borrower remains in possession of the property and, once the loan has been repaid, the property is reconveyed to the mortgagor. In the event of default, the property may be sold and the surplus proceeds, if any, after expenses of sale and repayment of indebtedness, go to the mortgagor.

Mortgage-backed securities

Securities backed by a pool of mortgage loans.

Mortgage Broking

Mortgage broking is the execution of the mortgage.

Mortgage Investment Schemes

A mortgage investment scheme differs from a simple loan secured by a mortgage in the following three ways:

·
more than one person contributes money to buy an interest in the benefits produced by the scheme (in some instances the scheme may include single investor loans);
·
the money people contribute is pooled or used in a common enterprise for the scheme members;
·
members of the scheme do not have day-to-day control over the scheme's operation.

Types of mortgage investment schemes include registered managed investment schemes, small industry supervised schemes, runout schemes, and twenty investor or less schemes.

Mortgagee

A lender who provides finance that is secured by a mortgage or charge over the property being financed.

Mortgagor

A borrower that takes out a mortgage over its property to secure a debt in favour of a mortgagee.

Mutual Fund

The United States equivalent of a unit trust in operation, but managed by an investment company.

=N=

Negotiable Instrument

An instrument such as a bill, promissory note or cheque that is capable of being transferred by delivery or endorsement and delivery, so as to give a good title to the transferee, taking bona fide and for value, thus constituting it the true owner, notwithstanding any defect in title in the transferor.

Negotiation

Transfer of a cheque or bill of exchange to another party for valuable consideration in such a manner as to constitute the transferee its holder.

Negotiation Fee

Fee charged for arranging financial accommodation, particularly by the lead bank of a consortium of lending institutions.

Night Safe/Wallet

An overnight safe custody facility offered by financial institutions whereby traders can deposit monies through a form of letterbox that is accessible from the street after operating hours. The money is deposited in either a locked bag or wallet. Some wallets or bags are locked by the customer and held unopened for collection by the customer the next working day. Other wallets or bags are locked by the customer and opened by the financial institution and credited to the customer's account.

Nominee

An entity named by another (the nominator) to act on its behalf, often to conceal the identity of the nominator.

Nominee Company

A financial institution or other company which holds shares, securities or other property for another, sometimes with a view to concealing ultimate beneficial ownership. A nominee company performs the usual administrative functions of portfolio management such as registration of securities and collection of dividends and interest.

Nostro Account

An account maintained by an Australian bank with another bank in a foreign country. The account is kept in the currency of that country, with the equivalent Australian dollar value listed separately, and is used for settling foreign exchange transactions and for making and receiving foreign payments.

Numismatic

Means relating to, or consisting of, coins and medals. Numismatics refers to the collecting of coins, commemorative or military medals and more recently, currency notes. An item of numismatic interest is one which, from the supplier's perspective, is supplied specifically for the purpose of collection.

=O=

On-Charge

An expense the payer has the liability to pay and seeks to pass on in the price charged for a subsequent supply.

Option

A contractual right but not an obligation to buy or sell a fixed quantity of a commodity, currency, financial security, etc., at a particular price (the exercise or strike price). Options are frequently used for speculation or hedging against future market prices. An option to buy is known as a call option and an option to sell is a put option.

Overdraft

A facility which enables an account to go into debit (overdraw) up to a maximum figure - the overdraft limit. Charges in relation to the overdraft may include interest charged on the daily balance, a total facility fee, a usage fee and an unused limit fee to compensate the financial institution for having the additional funds on standby.

=P=

Participant

In relation to a payment system, is defined in the dictionary to the GST regulations to mean a person who is a participant in the system in accordance with the rules governing the operations of the system.

Passbooks

A passbook is a record in debit and credit form of the ledger entries in a customer's current account. It provides the customer with a list of all account transactions including interest. If the financial institution is expressed to be in account with the customer, credit items are entered on the left-hand side and debit items on the right-hand side, and vice versa if the customer is expressed to be in account with the financial institution.

Pawnbroker

One whose business is to lend money, usually in small amounts, on security of pledged personal articles that are redeemable on payment of the sum owed, including interest.

Payer

In relation to a payment system, a payer is a consumer or business banking customer who pays a bill through B-PAY.

Payer Institution

In relation to a payment system, a payer institution is a participating financial institution which accepts payments from consumers or business banking customers on behalf of participating billers.

Payment Order

An unconditional order in writing that requires a person to pay on demand a stipulated sum in money to another person. Section 9 of the Corporations Act defines payment order to mean a cheque (including a cheque that a bank or other institution draws on itself), bank draft, money order or postal order.

Payment System

Payment system is defined in the dictionary to the GST regulations as a funds transfer system that facilitates the circulation of money, including any procedures that relate to the system.

Personal Services Fees

The provision of a range of services including client portfolio management services, powers of attorney, court award administrations and estates managed pursuant to awards from guardianship boards.

PIN

Abbreviation for personal identification number. A PIN is used like a password to access or activate an account.

Pooled Superannuation Trust

A superannuation trust which complies with certain conditions set out in the SIS Act and regulations, and into which complying funds may place their investments.

Power of Attorney

A formal authority usually conferred by deed on one person (called the donee or attorney) to represent another (the donor or principal) or act in the donor's stead either generally or for specified purposes.

Precious Metal

Precious metal is defined under section 195-1 of the GST Act to mean:

(a)
gold (in an investment form) of at least 99.5% fineness; or
(b)
silver (in an investment form) of at least 99.9% fineness; or
(c)
platinum (in an investment form) of at least 99% fineness; or
(d)
any other substance (in an investment form) specified in the regulations of a particular fineness specified in the regulations.

Premium

In relation to insurance, a periodic or single payment made by the insured (policyholder) in consideration for the insurance cover provided by the insurer. Insurance premiums are based on the degree of risk involved.

In relation to life insurance, 'premium' includes 'life insurance premium' as defined in section 995-1 of the ITAA 1997.

In relation to options, the premium is the cost of buying the option; it represents the maximum amount the option-buyer can lose and is income of the option-seller.

In relation to futures, a 'premium' is the excess of one futures contract price over that of another. It also refers to the difference by which one spot commodity sells over another grade of the same or another spot commodity.

Principal

In relation to investments and loans refers to the capital sum invested, or the capital sum advanced and owing under a loan, on which interest payable is calculated.

In relation to an agency relationship, refers to a person who authorises another to be that person's agent or broker in a transaction.

Probate

The confirmation by a Court, on the application of the executor appointed under a will, that the will is valid and that the executor is authorised to administer the estate of deceased person in accordance with the will.

Promissory Note

An unconditional promise in writing requiring the party to whom it is addressed to pay the amount stipulated on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time.

Prospectus

A formal written document setting out the nature and objects of an offer of securities to potential investors which, under the Corporations Act, is required to be lodged with the Australian Securities & Investments Commission in certain circumstances.

Proxy Vote

A vote under a written authorisation given by a shareholder to someone else to vote his or her shares at a shareholder's meeting. Fund management agreements often delegate the authority to the fund manager to exercise proxy votes on behalf of the client.

Public Sector Superannuation Scheme

A superannuation fund that provides benefits for government employees.

=R=

Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)

A system of settlements for high value exchange transactions between clearing house members which take place progressively each day in order to reduce settlement risk.

Recourse

The right of a lender to claim payment of a debt from the debtor, or any guarantor of that debt (if demand on the principal debtor is unsatisfied).

Recovery

Where the payer seeks to recover the payment of expenses made on behalf of another party where the payer did not have a liability to pay.

Redemption and Capital Repayment

Redemption is the act of withdrawal, retirement or repayment of a debt before or on maturity, recovery of mortgaged property by payment of the mortgage debt in full or cashing in of units in a unit trust.

Redrawing

Gives borrowers access to additional payments they have made to their loan without having to go through a complete application process. Example: a borrower's minimum loan repayment is $100 per month, but he or she makes repayments of $200. The difference of $100 goes into a redraw account and once the amount reaches $2000, the borrower can redraw it.

Reduced Credit Acquisitions

Regulation 70-5.02 of the GST regulations provides that for the purposes of subsection 70-5(1) of the GST Act, an acquisition mentioned in subregulation (2) that relates to making financial supplies gives rise to an entitlement to a reduced input tax credit. Subregulation (2) contains an exhaustive list of the acquisitions that are reduced credit acquisitions.

Registered Office Fee

Fee levied for acting as the registered office of an entity under the Corporations Act.

Registry

An entity engaged by another entity to issue its securities. Duties of the registry can include the maintenance of shareholder records (including the registration of transfers), recording changes of name and address, replacing share certificates, etc.

Regulated Superannuation Fund

Under the SIS legislation, a fund is eligible to receive the taxation concessions only if it is classed as a regulated superannuation fund and meets specified standards of operation. A regulated superannuation fund is one which:

·
elects to comply with the SIS legislation;
·
has either a corporate trustee or pays retirement benefits as pensions;
·
is a superannuation, pension provident or benefit fund that is indefinitely continuing.

Reinsurance

A means whereby an original insurer distributes its potential liability by laying off part of its risk to another insurer (the reinsurer) with the object of reducing the amount of its possible loss.

Related Business

Related business includes business relating to the investment, administration and management of the assets of a statutory fund.

Rent Card

A rent card is a valid payer identification card containing a barcode or other unique identifier issued by a bank. It is used to facilitate the payment of rent by a tenant.

A rent card is akin to a stored value facility card or prepayment and is not usually linked to an account with an ADI. Some rent cards may be more akin to a debit card and linked to an ADI.

Repurchase Agreement (Repos)

An agreement whereby securities are sold by one party to another party on the proviso that the first party may repurchase them at a specified price and time.

Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA)

The RBA is Australia's central bank. The Reserve Bank's main function is monetary policy. Policy decisions are made by the Reserve Bank Board, with the objective of achieving low and stable inflation over the medium term. Other major roles are maintaining financial systems stability and promoting the safety and efficiency of the payments system. The Bank is an active participant in financial markets, manages Australia's foreign reserves, issues Australian currency notes and serves as banker to the Commonwealth Government.

Responsible Entity (RE)

Relates to managed investment schemes. The RE role, established in the Managed Investments Act 1998, combines the functions of both the trustee and fund manager, with the RE directly responsible for the fiduciary duties and responsibilities previously held by the trustee.

Restructured Loans

Loans on which repayments were in default or likely to be in default and which have had the term extended to assist the borrower to meet repayment terms.

Retirement Savings Accounts (RSAs)

A facility offered by banks, life offices, building societies, credit unions or prescribed financial institutions that allows account holders to accumulate their own superannuation funds. This superannuation product is not managed as a trust on behalf of beneficiaries, but enables those institutions to provide superannuation from their balance sheets direct by treating superannuation contributions as deposits or premium payments.

Reverse Repurchase Agreement (Reverse Repos)

An agreement whereby the Reserve Bank sells Commonwealth Government Securities to the market on the basis that it will repurchase them at a price and date agreed upon at the time of the transaction.

Revolving Credit

A credit facility with a fixed limit which can be drawn against and repaid within the terms agreed upon provided the agreed limit is respected. This facility operates similarly to an overdraft. Credit cards are an example of consumer revolving credit.

Risk Management

Monitoring and systematic assessment of the risk profile of an investment portfolio or of an entire organisation to achieve a balance between risk minimisation and reward for risks accepted. Financial risks can be alleviated by hedging, financial futures and other devices.

Rollover

Means to renew or extend an investment beyond its maturity date. For example, a term deposit may be 'rolled over' when it matures.

Rollover of an eligible termination payment (ETP) refers to the transfer of an ETP to a rollover fund or to another superannuation fund or retirement savings account.

Rollover Bond

A rollover bond is a fixed rate bond that can be 'rolled over' each year without any action being required by the bondholder. ('Rolled over' in this context means continued or renewed.)

Rollover Fund

A fund that can accept eligible termination payments and that is eligible for the same concessional tax treatment as a superannuation fund.

=S=

Safe Custody

The physical safekeeping of property or belongings on behalf of others.

Salary Continuance Insurance

A contract of insurance that provides for the payment of income benefits during the absence of a person from work due to temporary disability. Sometimes referred to as income disability cover, income protection cover or temporary disablement cover.

Scrip (Subscription)

A document with an identifying number evidencing ownership of shares in a company.

Securities

For the purposes of item 10 of subregulation 40-5.09(3) of the GST regulations, securities has the meaning given by subsection 92(1) of the Corporations Act and includes:

(a)
a debenture described in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d). (e) or (f) of the definition of debenture[F113] in section 9 of the Corporations Act;
(b)
a document issued by an individual that would be a debenture if it were issued by a body corporate;
(c)
a scheme described in paragraph (e), (i), (k) or (m) of the definition of managed investment scheme[F114] in section 9 of the Corporations Act; and
(d)
the capital of a partnership or trust.

Under section 92(1) of the Corporations Act 'securities' means:

(a)
debentures, stocks or bonds issued or proposed to be issued by a government; or
(b)
shares in, or debentures in, a body; or
(c)
interests in a managed investment scheme; or
(d)
units of such shares;

but does not include:

(f)
a derivative (as defined in Chapter 7), other than an option to acquire by way of transfer a security covered by paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d); or
(g)
an excluded security.

"Excluded security" means:

(a)
where:

(i)
there is attached to a share a right to participate in a retirement village scheme; and
(ii)
each of the other rights, and each interest (if any) attached to the share or debenture is a right or interest that is merely incidental to the right referred to in subparagraph (i);

the share or debenture or a unit in the share or debenture; or
(b)
an interest in a managed investment scheme constituted by a right to participate in a retirement village scheme.

Securities Lending Arrangement

An arrangement where the holder of securities (the lender) agrees to make those securities available to a borrower for a certain period. At the end of that period, securities which are either the original securities lent, or replacement securities of the same number and type as the original securities are returned to the lender. The borrower pays a fee for the use of the securities for the period.

A key factor in such securities lending arrangements is that legal title in the securities passes from lender to borrower so that the borrower can deal with the securities in any manner deemed to be necessary. Typically, the borrower provides security to the lender in order to secure the borrowing. The security provided may be cash deposited with the lender, equal to the market value of the securities (including accrued interest) plus a margin to cover the lender for increases in the value of the security during the borrowing period in the event that the borrower defaults on the obligation to return the securities at the end of the borrowing period.

Section 26BC of the ITAA 1936 enables both borrowers and lenders involved in securities lending arrangements to treat these transactions as loans rather than sales and purchases of securities. This type of arrangement is commonly known as a 'securities lending agreement' or 'stock loan'.

Securitisation

The process whereby an entity packages and converts legal or beneficial title to future receivables and kindred assets into marketable debt securities which are traded in the capital market.

The key participants in a securitisation program are:

·
the program vehicle - the entity (in Australia, generally a special purpose vehicle (SPV) company or trust) that acquires the assets and issues securities to investors;
·
the investors - who subscribe for debt or equity securities issued by the SPV. The SPV employs the subscription moneys to acquire the assets being securitised;
·
the program manager - the party that co-ordinates the establishment of the program and manages it on an on-going basis;
·
the seller or originator - the party that sells the assets to the program vehicle or, if the program generates its own assets, the party that locates (originates) the assets. This entity often continues to manage the assets (as the servicer) after they have been acquired by the program vehicle;
·
the trustee - in structures that use a trust as the SPV, this will normally be a professional trustee company. Its role is usually fairly limited, with the day-to-day administration of the program vehicle being carried out by the program manager;
·
the security trustee - the program vehicle will normally be required to give a mortgage or other securities over its assets to a security trustee, who holds the benefit of the securities on trust for all the investors from time to time;
·
the providers of any external credit enhancements - such as credit or liquidity lines, letters of credit and currency or interest rate swaps; and
·
the ratings agencies - the investors will usually require that the securities receive a high rating from at least one recognised rating agency.

Securitisation Vehicles Rating Services

The service provided by at least one recognised rating agency for a fee to credit rate the securities of the program vehicle (such as the special purpose vehicle).

Security Trustee (Securitisation)

The securitisation vehicle will normally be required to give a mortgage or charge over its assets to a security trustee that holds the benefit of the mortgage or charge on trust for all the investors from time to time.

Set Off

A common law right by which any debtor is entitled to take into account a debt owing to the debtor by a creditor when being sued for a debt due to the creditor. In order that this right of set off may be exercised, the debt must be a sum certain, due by and to the same parties, and in the same right. Set off by agreement arises where the customer executes a document which enables a lending institution to set off the customer's accounts. A statutory set off is available to individuals under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 and to companies under the Corporations Act where there have been mutual credits, mutual debts or other mutual dealings.

Settlement

(a)
payment of outstanding accounts;
(b)
the discharge of a debt or obligation, particularly to a financial institution, or the exchange of value on the acquisition of assets (i.e. the transfer of consideration in a securities transaction).
(c)
making funds available at the commencement of a loan.

Share

A share in the capital of a company and includes stock except where a distinction between stock and share is expressed or implied. The main types of shares are: ordinary shares, which confer a right to vote and a right to share in the surplus assets of the company on dissolution, plus (usually) a right to a dividend; and preference shares, which give the holder a preference, generally in the form of priority in the payment of a declared dividend, or in the distribution of capital.

Single Responsible Entity

Relates to managed investment schemes. The statutory requirement under the Corporations Act is to have a single responsible entity whose role is to act as trustee and manager (see definition of Responsible Entity).

Smart Card

An article commonly known as a smart card is a plastic card imbedded with a computer memory chip (integrated circuit) that is programmable and has memory storage capacity, that when used has the capacity to keep a record of financial transactions (debits and credits) without the aid of a central computer.

Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)

Co-operative society created under Belgian Law, registered in Brussels, and owned by over 2000 banks throughout the world. It aims to enable members to transmit to other members international payments, statements and other messages connected with international banking. The SWIFT system provides rapid transmission of messages in standardised and computer readable form.

Special Purpose Vehicle

In relation to a securitisation arrangement, the company or trust that acquires the assets and issues securities to investors.

Spread

The difference between interest rates charged on loans and that paid to borrowers; the margin between buying and selling rates in foreign exchange; the margin above a benchmark rate; dispersion of risks underwritten by an insurer.

Stored Value Card

Stored value cards record a prepaid dollar amount that can be used to purchase products or services. In addition to cash, the card can record other items of value, such as points, etc. The card is 'loaded' with a prepaid dollar amount or point value, against which purchases are deducted (debited) until the value becomes zero. When the value reaches zero, the card is either discarded or can be recharged with additional dollars/points. Cards usually have an encoded magnetic stripe with a unique serial number and/or PIN number. In some systems, a bar code or microchip can provide the same function as the magnetic stripe.

Structured Note

A derivative investment that will change in value with movements of an underlying index, or a note whose issuer makes swap arrangements to alter its required cash flows.

Subordinated Notes

Unsecured bonds that rank behind other debt, but ahead of shareholders, in the event of liquidation.

Subpoena

A writ issued in action or suit requiring the person to whom it is directed to be present at a specified place and time, and for a specified purpose, under a penalty. A subpoena can compel a witness to attend in court or before an examiner or referee, to give evidence and also to bring certain documents in their possession specified in the subpoena (subpoena duces tecum).

Subrogation

The substitution of one entity for another, so that the same rights and duties which attached to the original entity attach to the substituted one. An insurer is subrogated to the rights of (steps into the shoes of) the insured on paying the latter's claim. A guarantor who is called upon to honour a guarantee may be subrogated to the rights of the creditor, including security if any, given by the creditor to support a guaranteed debt.

Superannuation Fund

Superannuation fund has the meaning given by section 10 of the SIS Act to mean:

(a)
a fund that:

(i)
is an indefinitely continuing fund; and
(ii)
is a provident, benefit, superannuation or retirement fund; or

(b)
a public sector superannuation scheme.

Superannuation Trustee

Trustee of a superannuation fund.

Swaps

Swaps are the exchange of one entitlement or obligation for another.

Sweep Facility

A facility whereby surplus funds in a customer's cheque account are automatically transferred to an investment account which earns a higher rate of interest.

SWIFT Payment Delivery System

A communications system that advises member institutions to transfer funds from one member to another.

SWIFT Telex Message

A non-profit electronic confirmation system that provides secure messaging services and interface software to financial institutions globally.

Syndicated Loan

Accommodation provided by a consortium of financial institutions where the loan size is beyond the capacity of a single lender and it is desired to spread the risk. Generally, one institution acts as a lead manager, earning a fee based on a percentage of the total facility. A number of other lenders provide the financial facility on a joint basis.

Syndication

An arrangement between a number of different parties or financial institutions to jointly devote resources to a particular undertaking.

=T=

Telegraphic Transfer

A method of transmitting money overseas, generally in the currency of the payee, by cable or telex between banks or bank branches. The payments may be credited to the payee's account at a designated bank or held at the disposal of the payee for payment in cash on application and identification.

Term Deposit

Money invested for a fixed period of time (usually short or medium term) at a specified rate of interest that applies for the length of the deposit.

Time Sharing Scheme

A time sharing scheme is defined under section 9 of the Corporations Act to mean a scheme, undertaking or enterprise, whether in Australia or elsewhere:

(a)
participants in which are, or may become, entitled to use, occupy or possess, for 2 or more periods during the period for which the scheme, undertaking or enterprise is to operate, property to which the scheme, undertaking or enterprise relates; and
(b)
that is to operate for a period of not less than 3 years.

Trailing Commission

Commission paid upon the introduction of investment and/or continued investment in a financial product. It is usually calculated on the capital amount invested.

Traveller's Cheques

Instruments issued by a financial institution in both domestic and foreign currencies authorising payment to be made to, or value accepted from, the holder. These instruments must be signed in front of the issuing agent and countersigned when cashed or negotiated. Travellers' cheques are neither 'cheques' nor 'bills of exchange'. They are not unconditional orders to pay, as they require a countersignature when requesting payment.

Trust

An equitable obligation, binding a person (a trustee) to deal with property over which he or she has control (the trust property) for the benefit of persons (beneficiaries or cestius que trust) of whom he or she may himself or herself be one, and any one of whom may enforce the obligation. A trust may be express (i.e., arising by an expressed intention to create a trust) or implied (i.e., where the law creates a trust).

Trust and Estate Administration

The administration of deceased estates under the terms of a will or the laws of intestacy and the administration of related deceased trusts and trusts emanating from deeds.

Trust Deed

The formal document that establishes a trust and conveys title to trust property to the trustee acting on behalf of the beneficiaries. The deed contains the name of the trustee(s), the trust manager (if any) and the beneficiaries, as well as the powers and duties of the trustee. If a unit trust, the deed will also cover investment guidelines, dividend payments, etc.

Trustee

A person who holds the legal title to property for the benefit of another or others.

=U=

Underwriting

Underwriting is simply defined in section 9 of the Corporations Act to include 'sub-underwrite'. In general, an underwriter assumes risk by agreeing to take up securities if unable to place them.

Best endeavours underwriting does not involve the underwriter assuming risk because the underwriter does not commit to taking up securities if the issue is undersubscribed. The underwriter undertakes to use its best endeavours to sell securities for the issuer as agent. Best endeavours underwriting is not the provision of an interest mentioned in subregulation 40-5.09(3).

Underwriting includes both debt and equity underwriting.

Unit Pricing

The periodical pricing of units in a unit trust, the underlying values of which are represented by various securities and investments.

Unit Registry

The maintenance of records relating to the investors in property investment trusts or funds, including, for example, the registration of transfers, recording changes of name and address etc.

Unit Trust

Unit trust is defined in section 195-1 of the GST Act as having the meaning given by subsection 202A(1) of the ITAA 1936.

It is a form of pooled investment, where a number of investors buy units in a trust that is promoted and managed by professional investment managers. The value of the units is set either by the market (if the trust is listed) or by the trustees (if it is unlisted).

=V=

Vostro Account

An account of a correspondent bank held with an Australian bank, in Australia, in Australian currency.

Voucher

A document that supports deposits or withdrawals made from an account (for example, deposit or withdrawal slips; credit, debit and charge card duplicates). It does not refer to a voucher as defined in section 100-25 of the GST Act.

=W=

Warrant

A certificate giving the holder the right to purchase shares on stock at a stipulated price within a specified time span, or in some cases, indefinitely. Warrants are sometimes attached to other securities as an added purchase inducement and may be traded separately after issue.

Withdrawal

Taking money out of an account by means of a voucher or through an ATM.

Without Recourse

The lender cannot claim payment of the debt from the debtor in the event of default. (Also known as non-recourse).

Wrap Account

An investment consulting relationship for management of a client's funds by one or more money managers, that bills all fees and commissions in one comprehensive fee charged quarterly.

=Z=

Zero-Balance Facility

Cheque account operated by a company by which cheques are drawn against the account balance that at the start of the day is always zero. At the end of the day the value of all cheques drawn is totalled and the amount is transferred into the account so that the account balance reverts from a debt to zero.

Bibliography

Books and Dictionaries

Carew, Edna, 1996, The Language of Money 3, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

Clark, J.O.E., 1999, Dictionary of Banking & Finance Terms, Prospect Media, Sydney.

Downes, J. & Goodman, J.E., 1990, Barron's Finance & Investment Handbook, 3rd edn, Hauppauge, New York.

Greener, M., 1994, The Penguin Business Dictionary, 3rd edn rev., Penguin, London.

Ipp, D.A. & Weerasooria, W.S., 1997, Butterworths Business and Law Dictionary, Butterworths, Sydney.

Isaacs, A., 1997, A Dictionary of Finance and Banking, 2nd edn, Brian Butler, David Butler, Alan Isaacs, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary 1993, 8th edn, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

The GST Guide 2000, CCH Australia Limited.

The Macquarie Concise Dictionary 1998, 3rd edn, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd, Sydney.

Tyree Alan L. and Beatty A., 2000, The Law of Payment Systems, Butterworths, Sydney.

McMahon & MacIntyre, 2001, GST and the Financial Markets, CCH Australia Limited, Sydney.

Legislation

A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999

A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Regulations 1999

Banking Act 1959

Corporations Act 2001

Income Tax Assessment Act 1936

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

Life Insurance Act 1995

Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993

Other references

We also drew upon information provided by the following organisations, and wish to acknowledge their contributions:

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited
Australian Bankers' Association
American Express International Inc
AMP Bank Limited
Australian Financial Markets Association website (www.afma.com.au)
Australian Friendly Societies Association
Australian Prudential Regulation Authority website (www.apra.gov.au)
Australian Securities and Investment Commission website (www.asic.gov.au)
Australian Stock Exchange Limited website (www.asx.com.au)
Association of Superannuation Funds of Australia Limited (including the ASFA website www.superannuation.asn.au)
Canada Customs and Revenue Agency
Commonwealth Bank of Australia
Computershare website (www.computershare.com.au)
CPS Credit Union (ACT)
Credit Union Services Corporation (Australia) Limited
Duke University website (www.duke.edu.au)
Financial Review website (www.afr.com.au)
Investment and Financial Services Association
International Banks and Securities Association of Australia (including the IBSA website - www.ibsa.asn.au)
National Australia Bank Limited
Reserve Bank of Australia website (www.rba.gov.au)
St George Bank Limited
Trustee Corporations Association of Australia
Westpac Banking Corporation

Schedule 2

Table of Contents Page No.
A. Transaction Banking & Cash Management 126
·  Accounts 126
- Passbook and Transactions Cards 128
- Cheques 128
- Vouchers, deposit and withdrawal slips 129
- Transfers 129
- Overdrafts 129
- Wallets/night safes 130
- Other 130
·  Payments and funds transfer 133
·  Stored value and similar cards 137
·  Deposit and investment 138
B. Advances, Loans and Mortgages 139
·  Loan transactions 139
·  Credit and charge cards 141
·  Mortgages and charges 142
·  Debt and credit arrangements 145
C. Trade Finance, Asset Based Finance and Inventory Based Finance 146
·  Trade finance 146
·  Asset based finance 148
- Stamp duties 149
·  Inventory/receivables finance 149
D. Securities 151
E. Guarantees and Indemnities 156
F. Currency 157
G. Superannuation, Annuities & Allocated Pensions 159
·  Superannuation 159
·  Annuities or allocated pensions 160
H. Derivatives 161
I. Insurance 163
·  Insurance services 163
J. Advisory & Professional Services 166
·  Advisory & professional services 166
·  Financial planning 167
K. Brokerage & Facilitator Services 169
L. Trustee and Custodian Services 171
·  Custody services 171
Reporting and compliance 173
Safe custody 174
·  Personal trust and personal services 174
·  Superannuation trustee services 177
·  Corporate services 179
·  Securitisation 180
M. Funds Management 184
N. Commodities and Collectibles 187
·  Commodities 187
·  Collectibles 187

SCHEDULE 2 - supplies of financial interests and related supplies by financial supply providers¨ and financial supply facilitators¨

 

References

The table below uses the following style of abbreviations

"9-5" - means section 9-5 of the GST Act

"40-5.09" - means regulation 40-5.09

"40-5.09(3)" - means subregulation 40-5.09(3)

"40-5.09(3) Item 1" - means Item 1 of subregulation 40-5.09(3)

"40-5.12 Items 1 & 2" - means Items 1 and 2 of regulation 40-5.12

"40-5.09(4)" - means subregulation 40-5.09(4)

"70-5.02(2) Item 6(c)" - means Item 6(c) of subregulation 70-5.02(2)

 

Please note:

1.
Fees, charges and payments received or charged for a supply are generally regarded as consideration (or part of the consideration) for a financial supply rather than a financial supply themselves. For example, interest payable on money loaned or deposited is generally regarded as part of the consideration for the use of money (a debt).
In this table the listed fees, charges and payments are given a GST status which technically corresponds to the supply for which they are given as considerationFor example, fees paid as part of the consideration for a loan is categorised as 'input taxed'. Where consideration is listed in the second column, the item (or legislative provision) that relates to it is listed in the third column.
2.
Some supplies (fees, charges, etc) may be covered by more than one item. The fact a supply appears under a particular heading in this Schedule does not mean that it cannot also be covered by another item, however that does not make it more than one supply. The fact something is not mentioned as being covered by an item does not mean that it is not or cannot be covered by that item.
3.
The supply of something is not a financial supply if it does not satisfy the requirements of regulation 40-5.09 or if it is mentioned within an item in regulation 40-5.12. Where this is the case, the table contains a reference to the relevant item in the GST regulations as well as the provision in the GST Act (if any) that determines its GST status. Items of this kind in the table are identified by the symbol "†".
4.
If something is said to be taxable, GST-free or input taxed, within column 4 of the table, it is assumed that the other conditions for a supply of that type are also met (e.g., for a taxable supply, that the requirements of section 9-5 are able to be satisfied.) These items in the table are identified by the symbol "ª". The actual status will depend on all the facts and circumstances of the supply. Each transaction will need to be judged and its GST status determined by having regard to all the facts and circumstances particular to that case.
5.
Any references to item 1 of regulation 40-5.09(3) in column 3 of the table are only relevant to ADIs however most things covered by item 1 should apply (where relevant) to non-ADIs.
6.
Line numbers in column 1 are used for ease of reference to a particular item and have no legislative basis. The symbol "¨" indicates that the term is defined in the glossary.

A. Summary of fees and services - Transaction banking & cash management
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  ACCOUNTS ¨
A1 The following fees and charges by Australian ADIs¨ as account provider to account holders, or by an ADI to a non-account holder for a fee of less than $1,000:       Where supplied to a non-account holder the following conditions must also be met:

1.
item 1 in subregulation 40-5.09(3) would have applied to that supply in relation to an account with the ADI; or
2.
the fee relates to an application to the ADI that, if accepted, would result in the creation of an account by the ADI.[F115]

If the fee or charge is greater than $1,000, the supply is taxable unless listed elsewhere.
A2 · Account opening, keeping, maintenance and service fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A3 · Account application fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 40-5.09(4)(b) Input taxed The fee charged is in relation to application and input taxed. Even if bank to bank, if fee is less than $1,000 subreg 40-5.09(4)(b) will apply.
A4 · Transaction fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A5 · Fees and charges for account transactions by ATM¨, telephone or other electronic means 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A6 · Fees and charges for account transactions performed by accessing Internet banking services 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Transactions must be in relation to an account with the ADI. Payment to a third party to provide a link to the Internet site of the ADI will be a separate (taxable) supply because the third party is not a financial supply provider¨.
A7 · Enquiry/account information fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A8 · Closure of account fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A9 · Preparation, reconciliation and replacement of account statement or duplicate statement 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A10 · Photocopies and facsimiles of account information 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A11 · Confirmation of account(s) fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A12 · Deposit¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A13 · Deposit¨ splitting fees (money¨ deposited is "split" and credited to a number of different accounts held by the same account holder) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A14 · Withdrawal¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A15 · Excess withdrawal¨ fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A16 · Balance below minimum fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A17 · Direct debit¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A18 · Dishonoured direct debit¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A19 · Stopped payment fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A20 · Set-off¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
  Passbooks¨ and Transaction cards      
A21 · Fees for issue and replacement of passbook 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A22 · Fees for issue and replacement of transaction card and PIN¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A23 · Fees for issue and replacement of debit, credit, charge and smart cards¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Stored value cards¨ not linked to accounts provided by an Australian ADI¨ are not a financial supply¨ under reg 40-5.12 Item 5. See also line items A117 to A119 and B31 to B49.
  Cheques¨      
A24 · Fees for sales of standard cheque¨ and deposit¨ books 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Printing of special forms and overprinting of standard forms are not input taxed as they are covered under regulation 40-5.12 item 2.
A25 · Fees for cheques¨ deposited 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A26 · Fees for post dated cheques¨ and clearing cheques¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A27 · Stopped cheque¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A28 · Fees for early clearance of cheque¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A29 · Dishonoured cheque¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A30 · Fees for cashing cheques¨ and payment orders¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A31 · Fees for clearing bank cheques¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 10 Input taxed A bank cheque¨ is the provision of an interest in a security under subreg 40-5.09(3) Item 10; Sch 7, Part 8, item 9 and definition of debenture¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
A32 · Repurchase of bank cheque¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 10 Input taxed A bank cheque¨ is the provision of an interest in a security under subreg 40-5.09(3) Item 10; Sch 7, Part 8, item 9 and definition of debenture¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
A33 · Duplicate of bank cheque¨ already issued 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 10 Input taxed  
  Vouchers¨, deposit and withdrawal slips      
A34 · Information about deposit¨ and withdrawal¨ slips and credit/charge card¨ vouchers¨ used on account transactions 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
A35 · Supply to customers of deposit¨ books including those with identifying information (e.g., real estate agents deposit¨ book for tenant) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 40-5.12 Item 2 Input taxed If regulation 40-5.12 item 2 applies, this overrides regulation 40-5.09.
A36 · Reconciliation of deposit¨ and withdrawal¨ slips and credit/charge card¨ vouchers¨ 40-5.09(3) Items 1 and 2 Input taxed  
A37 · Retention and storage of deposit¨ and withdrawal¨ slips and credit/charge card¨ vouchers¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1&2 Input taxed  
  Transfers      
A38 · Cash transfers, money orders¨ and other forms of direct funds remittance 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A39 · Electronic transfer to another Australia ADI (e.g., telegraphic transfer¨) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Subregulation 40-5.09(4) may also apply.
A40 · Domestic and international money¨ transfer 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
  Overdrafts¨      
A41 · Unauthorised overdraft¨ fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A42 · Overdraft¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A43 · Maintenance of overdraft¨ facility 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
  Wallets/Nightsafes      
A44 · Supply and use of wallets for night safe 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Input taxed provided the contents in the wallet held by bank for safe custody¨ and credited to the customers account. If not credited to the customer's account the supply of wallet and key for this facility will be taxable as a custodian¨ service under item 16, reg 40-5.12.
A45 · Alternative or additional key to night safe/wallet 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Input taxed provided the contents in the wallet held by bank for safe custody¨ and credited to the customers account. If not credited to the customer's account the supply of wallet and key for this facility will be taxable as a custodian¨ service under item 16, reg 40-5.12.
A46 · Fee for lost key to night safe/wallet¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Input taxed provided the contents in the wallet held by bank for safe custody¨ and credited to the customers account. If not credited to the customer's account the supply of wallet and key for this facility will be taxable as a custodian¨ service under item 16, reg 40-5.12.
A47 · Supply of permanent wallet 40-5.09(3) Item 1, 40--5.09(4)(a) Input taxed Input taxed provided the contents in the wallet held by bank for safe custody¨ and credited to the customers account. If not credited to the customer's account the supply of wallet and key for this facility will be taxable as a custodian¨ service under item 16, reg 40-5.12.
  Other      
A48 · Fee for negotiation¨ of a clean bill¨ of exchange¨ 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 10 Input taxed  
A49 · Collection, handling and sorting of cash, and cheques¨ (including lottery, art union proceeds etc) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Limited to those types of collection handling and sorting services generally provided to account holders by account providers in connection with an account. Where done for a non-account holder, and NOT in relation to a payment system¨ may also be input taxed, if subregulation 40-5.09(4) is satisfied. Collection, handling and sorting done in relation to a payment system¨, is taxable under item 4, regulation 40-5.12 even if fee charged is less than $1,000.
A50 · Changing cash into different cash denominations 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A51 · Deposits to an account No provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST  
A52 · Withdrawals from an account No provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST  
A53 · Establishing, operating and terminating letters of credit 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 10 Input taxed  
A54 · Fee for collecting interest payments under a debenture¨ on behalf of an account holder 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Payment under a debenture¨ may also be covered by items 2 and 10 of regulation 40-5.09.
A55 · Sweep¨ and zero balance facility¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A56 · Garnishee¨ of accounts 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A57 · Nostro account¨ (account held by Australian bank in foreign bank in foreign currency) See note Not subject to GST The account is supplied by a foreign bank, outside Australia and does not satisfy regulation 40-5.09. See paragraph 30 of this Ruling.
A58 · Vostro account¨ (account held by foreign bank in Australian bank in Australian currency) Subsection 38-190(1) Item 2 GST-free Supply is GST-free subject to section 38-190. See paragraphs 144 to 169 of this Ruling.
A59 · Audit certificates, letters of identification and bankers opinions in relation to application for an account 40-5.09(3) Item 1 40-5.09(4)(b) Input taxed Charge is in relation to application and input taxed. Even if bank to bank, if fee is less than $1,000 subreg 40-5.09(4)(b) will apply.
A60 · Providing letter of identity to government statutory body (e.g., Centrelink) for account holder 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A61 Recovery¨ of Commonwealth, State and Territory fees, duties and taxes incurred in relation to an account 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Examples for item 1 in regulation 40-5.09(3) as set out in Schedule 7, Part 1, Item 15 No supply where recovery¨ Input taxed where on-charged. See paragraphs 181-186 of the Ruling for a discussion.
A62 Disbursements on-charged to customers as account-related fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A63 The following computer banking services:      
A64 · Software licence fee (annual or once off) Section 9-5 Taxableª Taxable not as a payment system¨ but because service provided by the financial institution does not come within subregulation 40-5.09 (3) or (4).
A65 · Maintenance/software access fee (for maintenance and support services) Section 9-5 Taxableª Taxable not as a payment system¨ but because service provided by the financial institution does not come within subregulation 40-5.09 (3) or (4).
A66 · Support services (as and when required) Section 9-5 Taxableª  
A67 Fees for the reversal of amounts incorrectly deposited to an account (good value claims) and administration between financial institutions 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A68 Fees charged to customer for extra cost of special printing of special forms Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 2 Taxable†  
A69 Fees charged to customer for extra cost of overprinting of standard forms Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 2 Taxable†  
A70 Fees charged to customer for bulk bank cheque¨ printing and production (bill paying service) Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 2 Taxable†  
A71 Information about account or customer's dealing with bank under Subpoena¨ Section 9-5 Taxableª In relation to third party and not connected with an account.
A72 Fee for access to secure packet/envelope in safe custody¨ facility or in bank branch safe where contents are not credited to customer's account Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable† The supply is taxable because item 16 of regulation 40-5.12 overrides subregulation 40-5.09(4).
  PAYMENT & FUNDS TRANSFER
A73 Fees and charges of less than $1,000 for a clearing account¨ for use within a day (intra day facility) made available by an Australian ADI¨ for non-account holders 40-5.09(4)(a) Input taxed  
A74 The following fees and charges by Australian ADIs¨ to account holders in operating and maintaining an account:     Account holders are not participants¨ in a payment system¨.
A75 · Transfers between accounts 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A76 · Direct credits¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A77 · Direct debits¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A78 · Automatic and electronic funds transfers (such as telegraphic transfers¨ and EFTPOS¨) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Applies to network access by account holder overseas because account is in Australia.
A79 · Use of ATM (automated teller machine)¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Applies to network access by account holder overseas because account is in Australia.
A80 Fees and charges to an account holder for real time gross settlement (RTGS) ¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Access provided to an account provider in relation to an approved RTGS¨ payment system¨ is a taxable supply.
A81 Inward, outward clean collections¨ (Collection of bills of exchange drawn on an Australian ADI¨ by an overseas party) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
A82 Fees charged by a financial supply facilitator¨ to an account provider for processing, settling, clearing¨ and switching transactions (in relation to a payment system¨) for:      
A83 · Charge, credit and debit card¨ transactions Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A84 · Cheque¨ transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A85 · Internet banking Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A86 · Giropost¨ Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A87 · SWIFT¨ (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications Payment Delivery System) Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A88 · Austraclear¨ Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A89 Supply to other Australian ADIs¨ for access to credit and debit electronic payments system Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A90 Fees and charges to an account provider in relation to an approved RTGS¨ system Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A91 The following fees and charges paid by participants¨ in a payment system¨ to operators to participate in a payment system:     Account holders are not (in that capacity) participants¨ in a payment system¨.
A92 · Joint initiative/co-branding establishment fees¨ Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A93 · Fee charged to affiliate (co-branded credit cards¨) for processing credit card¨ transactions Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A94 · Direct entry fees¨ for bulk corporate payment services, including payments from lists Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A95 · Fees for outsourced remittance and mail preparation services Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A96 · Fees for outsourced cheque¨ production Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Items 2 & 4 Taxable†  
A97 · Fees paid by participants in the B-pay¨ scheme Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A98 · Fees payable by participants to the operator under the B-pay¨ Scheme Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A99 Fees payable by a participant to other participants under the B-pay¨ Scheme Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A100 Supply of a service by one participant¨ in a payment system¨ to another participant¨ in the system in relation to charge, credit and debit card¨ transactions  

Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4

Example in Schedule 8, Part 2, Item 3

Taxable† Account holders are not (in that capacity) participants¨ in a payment system¨.
A101 The following fees and charges payable by a merchant¨ for credit, debit and charge card¨ merchant operations:      
A102 · Sales processed fee Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A103 · Merchant¨ annual fees Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A104 · Merchant¨ transaction fees Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A105 · Merchant¨ monthly processing fees Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A106 · Merchant¨ establishment fees¨ Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A107 · Imprinter and card terminal rental Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A108 · Terminal installation and maintenance fee Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A109 · Telecommunications line rental Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A110 · Marketing fees Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A111 · Risk management¨ fees Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A112 · Multi-Currency fees Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A113 · Payment system¨ access and interchange¨ facilities Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A114 · Clearing¨ and collection of funds on behalf of third parties Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A115 · Operation of debit, credit and charge card¨ payment facilities on behalf of third parties Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
A116 · Processing of account data Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 4 Taxable†  
  STORED VALUE ¨ AND SIMILAR CARDS
A117 Stored value¨ facility cards not linked to an account with an ADI Section 9-5, 40-5.12 Item 5 Taxable† For credit, debit & charge cards¨ with ADIs see line items A21 to 23. For cards with non-ADIs see line items B31 to B49.
A118 Stored value facility cards linked to an account with an ADI 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed See the Glossary for a definition of a stored value card¨.
A119 Rent card¨ (not a direct debit card¨ and not linked to an ADI) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 5 Taxable† Akin to a stored value facility card or prepayment not linked to an account with an ADI. If the card is linked to an ADI and more akin to a debit card, the facility will be input taxed.
  DEPOSIT¨ & INVESTMENT
A120 The following fees and charges between Australian ADIs¨ and account holders:      
A121 · Interest payments (including contingent payments) 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed Payment of interest forms part of the consideration for a financial supply¨.
A122 · Early redemption penalties 40-5.09(3) Item 1 Input taxed  
B. Summary of fees and services - Advances¨, Loans¨ and Mortgages¨
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  LOAN¨ TRANSACTIONS
B1 The following charges and payments relating to provision of credit (including loans¨):      
B2 · Application fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 40-5.09(4) Input taxed  
B3 · Approval fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B4 · Establishment and agreement fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B5 · Late payment/penalty fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B6 · Rate lock fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B7 · Administration fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B8 · Participation fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B9 · Discharge fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B10 · Service fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B11 · Commitment fees¨ 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B12 · Drawing and redrawing¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B13 · Enquiry fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B14 · Limit fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B15 · Line of credit¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B16 · Statement and voucher¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B17 · Settlement¨ fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B18 · Document inspection fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B19 · Early repayment fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B20 · Restructure fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B21 · Interest payments 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed Payment of interest forms part of the consideration for a financial supply¨.
B22 · Early repayment penalties 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B23 · Other loan¨ or advance¨ related fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B24 · Dishonour fee 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B25 · Fee for moving to/from variable or fixed interest rate 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B26 · Disbursements on-charged to customers as account-related fees 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B27 Advancement of principal¨ Not consideration for provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest under 40-5.09(3) Not subject to GST Advancement and repayment of principal¨ occurs under an agreement for a loan¨ (a financial supply¨) but is not itself a financial supply¨ i.e., it is not itself the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest in or under item in subregulation 40-5.09(3).
B28 Repayment of principal¨ Not consideration for provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest under 40-5.09(3) Not subject to GST  
B29 Fees and charges by pawnbrokers¨ to establish, maintain and discharge loan¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed Depending on facts, fee payable on collection of the goods may be for loan¨ administration or storage. If paid for storage - the fee is consideration for a taxable supply. As it is for separate consideration it is not an incidental financial supply.
B30 Fees, charges and payments related to loans¨ made to Australian residents in foreign currency 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
  CREDIT ¨ AND CHARGE CARDS ¨      
B31 The following fees and charges for providing credit and charge cards¨:      
B32 · Application fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B33 · Establishment and closing fee 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B34 · Additional card (same holder) fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B35 · Additional (or second) cardholder fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B36 · Replacement card fees and any associated courier costs 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed Courier costs may be taxable if charged for separately.
B37 · Interest payments 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed Payment of interest forms part of the consideration for a financial supply¨.
B38 · Increase and exceed limit fees 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B39 · Fee for not making a payment by due date 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B40 · Fee for duplicate card statement or voucher¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B41 · Annual credit card¨ fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B42 · Foreign currency to Australian currency conversion fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B43 · Over the counter and cash advance¨fee 40-5.09(3) Item 1 & 2 Input taxed  
B44 · Fee for effecting an ATM¨ transaction (for Australian resident) at an overseas ATM 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed Supply is input taxed because the account is supplied in Australia.
B45 · Revolving credit¨ facility fee 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
B46 · Loyalty program¨ membership (supplied with card - no separate fee) 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 40-5.10 Input taxed  
B47 · Loyalty program¨ membership (supplied for separate fee) Section 9-5 40-5.10 Taxable Not incidental to the supply of an account under regulation 40 5.09. May be composite depending on the particular facts.
B48 · Card insurance (supplied with card - no separate fee) 40-5.09(3) Items 1 & 2 40-5.10 Input taxed  
B49 · Card insurance (supplied for separate fee) Section 9-5 40-5.10 Taxable Not incidental to the supply of an account under regulation 40 5.09. May be composite depending on the particular facts.
 
  MORTGAGES¨ AND CHARGES¨
B50 Mortgage¨ over land, premises or chattel¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B51 In relation to mortgage¨ over a chattel¨:      
B52 · Assignment¨/reassessment of asset fees 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B53 · Registration of interest in the asset 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B54 Mortgage¨ over a share¨ or bond¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B55 Switching of mortgages 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B56 Charge¨ over the assets of a company 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B57 Fees and charges for documentation of the mortgage¨ facility supplied by the mortgagee¨ to the mortgagor¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B58 Legal fees for preparing mortgage - other than when included as an on-charge by the mortgagee¨ Section 9-5 Taxableª  
B59 Fees and charges for the following activities in relation to a charge¨ or mortgage¨ over real or personal property:     Assumes the services are provided as part of the supply of the charge¨ or mortgage¨ by the financial supply provider¨ and not by a third party.
B60 · Valuation of the collateral¨ or security for a credit or an advance¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B61 · Allowing mortgagor¨ to inspect mortgage¨ and security documents held by mortgagee¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B62 · Making loan¨ available on an ongoing basis 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B63 · Allowing more than one drawing down against mortgage¨ loan¨ account¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B64 · Duplicate statements or statements outside the normal cycle for loan¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B65 · On-charge¨ of costs to insure risk under loan¨ or facilities secured by mortgage¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B66 · Registration of mortgage¨ with Land Titles Office 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B67 · Changes to certificate of title e.g., to update encroachments, to note subsequent borrowing etc. 40-5.09 Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B68 · Moving to/from variable or fixed interest rate 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B69 · Change to the mortgage¨ to reflect changes to mortgaged property 40-5.09(3) Item 2 & 3 Input taxed  
B70 · Draw down facility 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
B71 · Discharge of mortgage¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed Only where a fee is not provided for under the mortgage. Otherwise a consequence of the mortgage¨ rather than a separate supply i.e., not itself the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest in an item under the regulations.
B72 Recovery¨ of Commonwealth, State and Territory fees, duties and taxes 40-5.09(3) Item 3 See note No supply if recovered Input taxed if on-charged See paragraphs 191 to 197 of the Ruling for a discussion about recovery¨ and on-charge¨.
B73 Recovery¨ of loan¨ protection and title insurance

40-5.09(3) Item 3
see note

No supply if recovered¨
Input taxed if on-charged¨

See paragraphs 191 to 197 of the Ruling for a discussion about recovery¨ and on-charge.¨
B74 Recovery¨ of professional and third party costs in connection with a mortgage¨

40-5.09(3) Item 3
see note

No supply if recovered¨
Input taxed if on-charged¨

See paragraphs 191 to 197 of the Ruling for a discussion about recovery¨ and on-charge.¨
B75 Fee charged for production and inspection of title and mortgage¨ documents for purposes other than under compulsion of law (e.g., subpoena¨) 40-5.09(3) Item 3 Input taxed  
B76 Fee charged for production and inspection of title and documents produced under compulsion of law (e.g., by subpoena¨) Section 9-5 Taxableª Not provided in connection with the mortgage¨ and therefore not covered by 40-5.09(3) item 3 or 40-5.10.
B77 Sale of debtor's property by mortgagee¨ in possession (where sale by debtor would not have been a taxable supply under subsection 105-5(1)) Subsection 105-5(1) Section 9-5 Div 38 Div 40 Not a taxable supply Varies according to fact situation The GST status of the sale varies depending on the facts e.g., the sale may be input taxed, GST-free or 'out of scope' depending on the particular facts.
B78 Sale of debtor's property by mortgagee¨ in possession (where sale by debtor would not have been a taxable supply because of subsections 105-5(3)) Subsection 105-5(3) Section 9-5 Div 38 Div 40 Not a taxable supply The GST status of the sale varies depending on the facts e.g., the sale may be input taxed, GST-free or 'out of scope' depending on the particular facts.
B79 Sale of debtor's property by mortgagee¨ in possession (where sale by debtor would have been a taxable supply) Section 105-5(1) 40-5.12 Item 8 Div 105 Taxable†  
 
  DEBT ¨ & CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS¨
B80 Right to an income stream that is an interest in or under a debt¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
B81 Establishing, operating and terminating letters of credit 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C. Summary of fees and services - Trade Finance, Asset Based Finance and Inventory Based Finance
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  TRADE FINANCE
C1 The following fees and charges relating to the provision of import documentary letters of credit (service provided by Australian bank to Australian importer - guarantees debt¨):      
C2 · Establishment and termination fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C3 · Issuance fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C4 · Document handling fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C5 · Acceptance fees¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C6 · Amendment fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C7 · Reimbursement fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C8 · Extension and increase fees 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C9 The following fees and charges relating to the provision of export documentary letters of credit (service provided to overseas bank by Australian bank):      
C10 · Document handling fees Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C11 · Advising fees Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C12 · Negotiation fees¨ Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C13 · Discrepancy fees Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C14 · Without Recourse¨ fees Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C15 · Assignment fees Section 38-190 GST-free   The GST status of the supply for which the fee etc is paid may vary depending on the facts of the supply i.e.,:

·
Where the supply satisfies 38-190 it is GST-free.
·
If the supply is by financial supply facilitator it is taxable.
·
If it is the provision, acquisition or disposal of a financial interest by a financial supply provider it is input taxed.

C16 Fees and charges relating to collections and remittance services related to export transactions (service provided by Australian bank to Australian exporter), for example, amendment and dishonour fees Section 38-190 Regulation 40-5.09 Section 9-5 See note Input taxed/Taxable depending on whether as provider or facilitator The supply is input taxed where the bank takes a principal interest in debt¨. The supply is taxable if the bank acts as facilitator. The supply is not GST-free as it is not within section 38-190.
C17 Fees and charges relating to collections and remittance services related to import transactions (bank providing service to overseas bank) Section 38-190 GST-free  
C18 Fees and charges relating to trade guarantees (including bills of lading guarantees) or bonds¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 7 Input taxed  
C19 Fees, charges and payments relating to forfaiting¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
  ASSET BASED FINANCE [F116]
C20 Payments relating to the sale of goods Section 9-5 Taxableª  
C21 The following fees and charges for the supply of finance under a hire purchase¨ agreement for the supply of goods where the credit charge is not disclosed to the recipient of the goods:     Not covered by item 8 of subregulation 40-5.09(3) because interest component is not separately disclosed.
C22 · Hire charges, rent or instalments Section 9-5 Taxableª  
C23 The following fees and charges for the supply of finance under a hire purchase¨ agreement for the supply of goods where the credit charge is disclosed to the recipient of the goods:      
C24 · Hire charges, rent or instalments Section 9-5 40-5.09(3) Item 8 Taxable/Input taxed Only credit component is financial supply¨. Principal component is taxable.
C25 · Credit charges, including interest and associated fees 40-5.09(3) Item 8 Input taxed Fees associated with the provision of an interest in credit under the hire purchase¨ arrangement are input taxed e.g., an establishment fee¨.
C26 Assignment¨/reassessment of asset fees 40-5.09(3) Item 8 Input taxed To the extent that the fee relates to the credit component it is input taxed.
C27 Fees and charges for deferred purchase by the purchaser including hire charges, rent or instalments Section 9-5 Taxableª  
C28 Fees and charges for leases¨ by the lessee including lease¨ charges, rent or instalments Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 6 Taxable†  
  Stamp duties and other State & Commonwealth duties      
C29 On-charging of stamp duties and other Government taxes and charges associated with the supply of goods under a HP agreement Section 9-5 Taxableª (i.e., relates to transfer of title to the goods) An 'on-charged' stamp duty, tax or charge loses its character (as a tax fee or charge that is not taxable under Div 81) and becomes an input to the underlying supply of the good. See paragraph 195 to 196 of the Ruling.
 
  INVENTORY / RECEIVABLES FINANCE
C30 Receivables factoring¨ and accounts receivable financing¨ fees and charges levied by the seller 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed Fees or charges levied by the seller for services provided by the seller are taxable.
C31 Fees and charges levied by the financier for the assignment¨ or sale of receivables (i.e., fee for assignment of debt¨) or loans¨ secured over receivables 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed Fees or charges levied by the financier for services provided by the financier are taxable.
C32 Floor plan and inventory financing transactions fees and charges Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 18 Taxable†  
C33 Sales accounting services under a factoring¨ arrangement Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 14 Taxable†  
C34 Fees and charges for factoring¨ of taxi vouchers¨ by taxi drivers 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C35 Fees and charges relating to bailment¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 18 Taxable†  
C36 Fees and charges for floor plan arrangements¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 18 Taxable†  
C37 Establishment fees ¨ and charges for receivables factoring ¨ and invoice financing arrangements 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C38 Settlement ¨ fees for receivables factoring ¨ and invoice financing accounts 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C39 Fees and charges for export receivables factoring ¨ and invoice financing arrangements 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
C40 Fees and charges for import receivables factoring ¨ and invoice financing arrangements Section 38-190 GST-free  
D. Summary of fees and services - Securities¨
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  SECURITIES¨
D1 Fees and charges for the following securities¨ supplied by a financial supply provider¨:      
D2 · Bonds¨ and bearer instruments (securities) ¨, including Funeral Bonds that are securities. 40-5.09(3) Item 10(a) Input taxed  
D3 · Bonds¨, stocks or debentures¨ issued by a government entity 40-5.09(3) Item 10(a) Input taxed  
D4 · Shares¨ in a body 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D5 · Debentures¨ or convertible notes¨ issued by a body 40-5.09(3) Item 10(a) Input taxed  
D6 · A document issued by an individual that would be a debenture¨ if issued by a body corporate 40-5.09(3) Item 10(b) Input taxed  
D7 · Promissory notes¨ and bills of exchange 40-5.09(3) Item 10(a) Input taxed Paragraph (c)(iii) & (d) of the definition of debenture¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001. Given as an example of item 10 in Sch 7, Part 8, item 8.
D8 · Dealings in floating rate notes¨, commercial bills¨, commercial paper¨, extendable bill investments and other financial instruments (e.g., assignment¨, acceptance or discounting) 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed Given as an example of item 10 in Sch 7, Part 8, item 6.
D9 · Bank cheques¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed Para (c)(i) of the definition of debenture¨ in section 9 the Corporations Act 2001. Sch 7, Part 8, items 9 & 10.
D10 · Structured notes¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed Given as an example of item 10 in Sch 7, Part 8, item 4.
D11 · Subordinated notes¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed Given as an example of item 10 in Sch 7, Part 8, item 3.
D12 · Fixed income securities¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D13 Payment of dividends¨ No provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST Payment of a dividend¨ is not regarded as consideration for a supply by shareholders for GST purposes however this does not mean that it may not be consideration for another supply e.g., if forgone in exchange for shares¨.
D14 Interests in a partnership 40-5.09(3) Item 10(d) Input taxed  
D15 Cash distributions from a partnership No provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST  
D16 Interests in a trust¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10(d) Input taxed  
D17 Cash distributions from a trust No provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST  
D18 Time share¨ schemes 40-5.09(3) Item 10(c) Input taxed Paragraph (b) of the definition of managed investment schemeF in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
D18A Company title¨ schemes 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D19 Securities lending¨ by a financial supply provider¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D20 Securities lending¨ agency fees Section 9-5 Taxable†  
D21 Money orders¨ and postal notes 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D22 The following interests in a managed investment scheme¨:     Where a scheme is not registered as a managed investment scheme¨, or is not entitled to regulatory relief from being registered, the supply of an interest in such a scheme will still be covered by this item.
D23 Retail and wholesale managed funds 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D24 · An interest in an Investor Directed Portfolio Service (IDPS) such as:

-
wrap accounts¨
-
member discretionary masterfunds

or IDPS-like arrangements
40-5.09(3) Item 10 See notes In each case it is necessary to consider whether or not an enterprise is being carried on in respect of the product. Where the IDPS amounts to an entity that is carrying on an enterprise, an interest in the IDPS will be an input taxed supply.
D25 Mortgage investment schemes¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D26 An interest in a scheme in which all of the members are bodies corporate that are related to each other and to the body corporate that promotes the scheme 40-5.09(3) Item 10(c) Input taxed Paragraph (e) of the definition of managed investment scheme¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
D27 An interest in a scheme operated by an Australian ADI¨ in the ordinary course of its banking business¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10(c) Input taxed Paragraph (i) of the definition of managed investment scheme¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
D28 An interest in a barter¨ scheme under which each participant may obtain goods or services from another participant for consideration that is wholly or substantially in kind rather than in cash 40-5.09(3) Item 10(c) Input taxed Paragraph (k) of the definition of managed investment scheme¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001. Supplies of goods or services between participants are not interests in the scheme.
D29 An interest in a scheme that is operated by a co-operative company registered under Part VI of the Companies (Co-operative) Act 1943 of Western Australia or under a previous law of Western Australia that corresponds to that part 40-5.09(3) Item 10(c) Input taxed Paragraph (m) of the definition of managed investment scheme¨ in section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.
D30 Fees and charges for borrowing and lending securities¨ through a repurchase (repo) or reverse repurchase¨ (reverse repo¨), including stock lending 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D31 Securitisation¨ arrangement including supply of the following:      
D32 · Assignment¨ of an income stream 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
D33 · Issue of bond¨/debenture¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D34 · Rating service¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed If the rating service is provided separately and constitutes an aim in itself, the supply will be taxable under item 3, regulation 40-5.12.
D35 Co-ordinating the issue of debt securities by the special purpose vehicle¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
D36 Arrangement by a financial supply facilitator¨ of the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest in a security (e.g., broking services) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
D37 Entry and exit fees¨ levied for the acquisition or disposal of an interest in a managed investment scheme¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
D38 On going management (or similar) fees that are debited against the investor's account in the managed investment scheme¨ Not consideration for the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST This is an element of calculating the return to an investor rather than consideration for any supply made by a managed investment scheme¨ to an individual member.
D39 Clearance and settlement¨ of securities¨ or derivatives¨ 40-5.12 Item 9 Taxable†  
D40 Facilities for trading securities¨ or derivatives¨ 40-5.12 Item 9 Taxable†  
D41 Underwriting¨ of securities¨ (e.g., shares¨ or debentures¨) as financial supply provider¨ 40-5.09(3) Items 10 & 11 Input taxed Underwriting¨ involves a number of different activities. Where the underwriter agrees to place or take up securities it is unable to place, the fee will be both for supplies it makes as a financial supply provider and a financial supply facilitator. Only that part relating to the supplies as a financial supply provider will be input taxed. The fee will need to be apportioned into its taxable and input taxed components. (Paragraphs 91 to 98 of this Ruling discuss mixed and composite supplies.)
D42 Best endeavours underwriting¨ Section 9-5 Taxable† Not the provision of an interest mentioned in the table in subregulation 40-5.09(3).
E. Summary of fees and services - Guarantees ¨ and indemnities ¨
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  GUARANTEES¨ AND INDEMNITIES¨
E1 An indemnity¨ that is not a contract of insurance 40-5.09(3) Item 7 Input taxed  
E2 A surety bond that is a guarantee¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 7 Input taxed  
E3 A performance bond that is not a contract of insurance 40-5.09(3) Item 7 Input taxed  
E4 Bank guarantees¨ and bonds¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 7 Input taxed  
E5 Establishing, operating and terminating letters of credit 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed  
E6 Warranty for goods 40-5.09(3) item 7 Section 9-5 Taxableª Excluded from being a financial supply¨ by item 7 of subreg 40-5.09(3).
F. Summary of fees and services - Currency
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  CURRENCY
F1 Fees and charges by a financial supply provider¨ for the following supplies relating to Australian currency, the currency of a foreign country, or an agreement to buy or sell the currency:      
F2 · Conversion of foreign to domestic currency 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F3 · Foreign currency drafts¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F4 · Foreign currency notes¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F5 · Fees for travellers cheques¨ issued by principal¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F6 · Fees for repurchase of travellers cheques¨ by principal¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F7 · International cheques¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F8 · Forward contracts¨ for transactions to buy or sell foreign currency 40-5.09(3) Item 9 & 11 Input taxed  
F9 · Options¨ to buy or sell foreign currency 40-5.09(3) Item 9 & 11 Input taxed  
F10 · Collection, negotiation¨ and endorsement¨ of instruments (including cheques¨) for payment in foreign currency, including message services 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F11 · Purchase and sale of cash 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F12 · Changing cash into different denominations 40-5.09(3) Item 9 Input taxed  
F13 Fees for travellers cheques¨ distributed by agent acting on behalf of issuer Section 9-5 Taxableª  
F14 Fees levied by agent acting on behalf of issuer for the services of facilitating the repurchase of travellers cheques¨ Section 9-5 Taxableª  
F15 Fees and charges for the purchase or sale of Australian currency or the currency of a foreign country for an amount exceeding the stated legal tender value (other than precious metals¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 17 Taxable† This item refers to money of numismatic¨ interest i.e., it is intended to be collected rather than currency bought and sold for use as currency.
G. Summary of fees and services - Superannuation, Annuities & Allocated pensions¨
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  SUPERANNUATION
G1 Capital contributions to a regulated superannuation fund¨, an approved deposit¨ fund¨, a pooled superannuation trust¨ or a public sector superannuation scheme¨ within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993, or an RSA (retirement savings account) within the meaning of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997 40-5.09(3) Item 4 Input taxed  
G2 Entry and Exit fees¨ charged by superannuation fund¨ to members 40-5.09(3) Item 4 Input taxed  
G3 On going management (or similar) fees¨ that are debited against the member's account in the superannuation fund¨ Not consideration for the provision, acquisition or disposal of an interest Not subject to GST This is an element of calculating the return to a member rather than consideration for any supply made by a superannuation fund¨ to an individual member.
G4 The following fees, charges or payments relating to rollover bonds¨ charged to a superannuation fund:      
G5 · Management service fees Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
G6 · Transfer (fund switch) fees Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
G7 · Cheque¨ issuing fees Section 9-5
40-5.12 Item 12
Taxable†  
 
  ANNUITIES OR ALLOCATED PENSIONS ¨
G8 Capital contributions, rollovers¨, fees or other payments to superannuation funds¨ to establish a pension or allocated pensions¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 5 Input taxed  
G9 Capital contributions, rollovers¨, fees or other payments to superannuation funds¨ to establish an annuity¨ or allocated annuity¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 5 Input taxed  
H. Summary of fees and services - Derivatives¨
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  DERIVATIVES ¨
H1 Forward contracts ¨ , futures contracts ¨ , swap contracts and options ¨ contracts the value of which depends on, or is derived from:      
H2 · The price of debt securities ¨ or debt securities index values or interest rates 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(a).
H3 · Foreign exchange or currency values or currency index values 40-5.09(3) Item 9 & 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(b).
H4 · Share ¨ or stock prices or equity index values 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(c).
H5 · Credit spreads ¨ or credit events, including:

-
default; and
-
other forms of financial distress; and
-
credit index values

40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(d).
H6 · Macroeconomic indicators or variables; or 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(e).
H7 · Climatic events or indexes 40-5.09(3) Item11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 1(f).
H8 Commodity derivatives ¨ that involve no option, right or obligation to delivery of a commodity 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 2.
H9 Reciprocal repurchase agreements ¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 3.
H10 Options ¨ over input taxed supplies of precious metals ¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 4.
H11 Securities ¨ lending agreements 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 5.
H12 Initial and variation margins ¨ in respect of exchange traded futures contracts ¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 6.
H13 Cash settlement¨ of a derivative¨ over the counter or on the exchange rather than the physical delivery of the underlying taxable assets 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed Given as an example of item 11 in Sch 7, Part 9, item 7.
H14 Derivatives structuring fees Section 9-5 Taxable†  
H15 Warrants¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 11 Input taxed  
I. Summary of fees and services - Insurance
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  INSURANCE SERVICES
I1 The following life insurance business¨ (to which subsection 9(1) of the Life Insurance Act 1995 applies):     Life insurance business means business that consists of: issuing of life policies; issuing of sinking fund policies; undertaking of liability under life policies; undertaking of liability under sinking fund policies; and any related business¨. It includes business declared to be life insurance business.
I2 · A contract of insurance that provides for the payment of money¨ on the death of a person or on the happening of a contingency dependent on the termination or continuance of human life 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Related business includes business relating to the investment, administration and management of the assets of a statutory fund. Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 1.
I3 · A contract of insurance that is subject to payment of premiums¨ for a term dependent on the termination or continuance of human life 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 2.
I4 · A contract of insurance that provides for the payment of an annuity¨ for a term dependent on the continuance of human life 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 3.
I5 · A continuous disability policy¨ (within the meaning of section 9A of the Life Insurance Act 1995) 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 5.
I6 · A contract that provides for the payment of an annuity¨ (in excess of the term prescribed in the Life Insurance Regulations) for a term, not dependent on the continuance of human life 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 4.
I7 · An investment account contract¨ or an investment-linked contract¨ (within the meaning of section 14 of the Life Insurance Act 1995) 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed Given as an example of item 6 in Sch 7, Part 4, item 6.
I8 · Related reinsurance¨ business 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed  
I9 Life insurance business¨ declared to be life Insurance business under subsection 12(2) section 12A or 12B of the Life Insurance Act 1995, or related reinsurance¨ business 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed  
I10 A funeral bond that is a contract of life insurance 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed  
I11 A contract of consumer credit insurance within the meaning of the Insurance Contracts Act 1984 Division 78 Taxable This is not a continuous disability policy¨ and therefore is not a life policy¨ within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995.
I12 A contract of private health insurance Subsection 38-55(1) GST-free A health insurance policy is not a continuous disability policy¨ within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995.
I13 A contract of insurance against liability to pay for services supplied by ambulance Subsection 38-55(2) GST-free  
I14 A contract of insurance for indemnification against (continuous) disability 40-5.09(3) Item 6 Input taxed  
I15 A contract of insurance that provides for the payment of income benefits during the absence of a person from work due to temporary disability (e.g., salary continuance insurance¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 10 Taxable† Salary continuance insurance¨ is not continuous disability insurance within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995.
I16 A contract of insurance for indemnification against casualty or property damage (including public liability or third party damage) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 10 Taxable†  
I17 Brokerage¨ of insurance (including initial or trailing commissions¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
I18 A contract of insurance for indemnification against credit risk or credit losses Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 10 Taxable†  
I19 Compensation paid to a beneficiary of an insurance policy covering credit risk or credit losses 40-5.12 Item 10 & Division 78 Taxable†  
J. Summary of fees and services - Advisory & Professional services
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  ADVISORY & PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
J1 Advice by a legal practitioner in the course of professional practice Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J2 Advice by an accountant in the course of professional practice Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J3 Advice by a taxation practitioner including preparation of tax returns and Business Activity Statements Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J4 Advice by an actuary¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J5 Rating services for securitisation¨ vehicles Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J6 Advisory services about syndicated loan¨ facilities Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J7 Advice about corporate finance transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J8 Advice about financial and investment alternatives Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J9 General financial advice other than about the operation of accounts or the granting of credit Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J10 Valuation services provided by a professional valuer to a financial supply provider¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J11 Fees and charges for advice, research, information, analysis or other similar services about:      
J12 · Mergers and acquisitions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J13 · Corporate restructuring Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J14 · Fund raising Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J15 · Risk management¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J16 · Financial management, corporate management, business strategy and management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J17 · Industry or market structure products Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
 
  FINANCIAL PLANNING
J18 Advice and administration services for estate planning Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J19 Assessment of financial position and facilitating financial transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J20 Advising on investment strategies and portfolio planning Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J21 Facilitating financial structures and planning Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
J22 Portfolio analysis and review Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
K. Summary of fees and services - Brokerage¨ & Facilitator Services
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  BROKERAGE¨ & FACILITATOR SERVICES
K1 Brokerage¨ and/or Commission¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K2 Origination fees Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K3 Fees and charges for the following services by a broker or financial supply facilitator¨:      
K4 · Procuring counterparties to a financial supply¨ transaction (e.g., syndicated loans¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K5 · Arranging deposit¨, loan¨ and securities¨ transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K6 · Arranging asset based finance, trade finance and inventory or receivable finance transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K7 · Arranging financial transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K8 · Arranging commodity transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K9 Fees and charges for arranging insurance or risk indemnification transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K10 The following supplies related to underwriting¨ by a financial supply facilitator¨:     Underwriting¨ of a security (e.g., a share¨ or debenture¨) may be input taxed if the underwriter agrees to take up securities¨ it is unable to place.
K11 · Advisory services Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
K12 · CHESS¨ sponsorship Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 11 Taxable†  
K13 · Nominee¨ or custodian services Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
K14 · Arrangement of scrip loan facilities Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 9 or 11 Taxable†  
L. Summary of fees and services - Trustee¨ and custodian services
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  CUSTODY¨ SERVICES
L1 The following Core Custody¨ Services:      
L2 · Clean payments made on behalf of another entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L3 · Settling and undertaking of securities¨ transactions at the direction of the custodian¨ client Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L4 · Collecting income and other payments with respect to the securities¨ in the fund Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L5 · Proxy voting¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L6 · Portfolio reporting - settlement¨ activity, recurrent reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L7 · Option¨ trading services made on behalf of another entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L8 · Cheque¨ drawing Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L9 · Asset reconciliation¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L10 · Daily cash reconciliation and reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L11 · Acting as escrow agent¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L12 · Clearing¨ and settling securities¨ or derivatives¨ trades Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 9 Taxable†  
L13 · Transaction authorisation (acting as nominee¨ under Power of Attorney¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 16 Taxable†  
L14 · Opening and maintaining bank accounts to facilitate settlement¨ of security transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable† This is a fee for a service and distinct from the fee charged by an ADI to open an account which is a financial supply¨ under item 1 of subregulation 40-5.09(3).
L15 Master custody¨ services including:     Item 12 of regulation 40-5.12 may also apply to the master custody¨ services listed below.
L16 · Maintenance of accounting records Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L17 · Pricing of securities¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L18 · Taxation reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 16 Taxable†  
L19 · Mandate¨ monitoring Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L20 · Trade execution monitoring Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L21 The following accounting and administration services :      
L22 · Portfolio performance analysis Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L23 · Risk management¨ reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L24 · Management accounting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 12 Taxable†  
L25 · Cash management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 12 Taxable†  
L26 · Unit registry¨ services Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3, 12 & 16 Taxable†  
L27 · Statutory accounts preparation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L28 · Tax return (including BAS) preparation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L29 · Preparation of Superannuation returns Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L30 · Maintenance/access to property portfolio database Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
  Reporting & Compliance Services ¨      
L31 The following taxation reports and accounts:      
L32 · Foreign Investment Fund¨ (FIF) compliance Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L33 · Reconciliation of accounting income to taxable income Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L34 · Taxable income report Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L35 Performance analysis Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L36 Performance reporting including risk analysis Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L37 Statutory accounts Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L38 Unit pricing¨ services for:      
L39 · Superannuation funds¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
L40 · Unit trusts¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
  Safe Custody ¨      
L41 Rental of safety deposit¨ boxes Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 16 Taxable†  
L42 Safe custody¨ of money¨, documents and other things Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 & 16 Taxable†  
  PERSONAL TRUST¨ & PERSONAL SERVICES
L43 The following legal services:      
L44 · Preparation of Power of Attorney¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L45 · Deed¨ preparation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L46 · Will preparation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L47 · Applications for probate¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L48 · Applications for letters of administration Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L49 The following fees and charges for trust and estate administration¨ services:      
L50 · Trustee¨ fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable† The fee charged by the trustee¨ will be taxable regardless of how it is calculated.
L51 · Management fee¨ charge for internal common funds¨ See note Varied See note May vary depending on structure of internal common funds¨ i.e., whether the management services are supplies individually to each beneficiary/contributor to the common fund or to an entity being the trustee of the common fund. Subject to individual ATO decision (e.g., private ruling).
L52 · Fee for transferring intestate assets Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item15 Taxable†  
L53 · Co-trustees commission¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L54 The following fees and charges for personal services ¨ :      
L55 · Fees for holding and/or managing capital assets on behalf of another entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
L56 · Income commission¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
L57 · Third party cheque¨ fees Section 9-5 Taxableª  
L58 · Initial and trailing commissions¨ Section 9-5 Taxableª  
L59 · Management fee¨ charge for internal common funds¨ See note Varied - See note May vary depending on structure of internal common funds¨. Subject to individual ATO decision (e.g., private ruling) see line item L51.
L60 The following fees and charges for services to investment funds:      
L61 · Third party prospectus¨ management fees¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
L62 · Application processing fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
L63 · Initial or trailing commissions¨ Section 9-5 Taxableª  
L64 The following fees and charges for the provision of professional services:      
L65 · Directors fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L66 · Secretarial fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L67 · Registered office fee¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L68 · Taxation fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L69 · Accountancy fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L70 · Land tax return fee Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L71 The following property services performed by statutory trustee organisations:      
L72 · Property inspection Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L73 · Property valuation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L74 · Property management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L75 · Acting as Trustee¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L76 · Strata management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
  SUPERANNUATION TRUSTEE¨ SERVICES
L77 Trusteeship of corporate superannuation funds¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L78 Trusteeship of Public Offer superannuation funds¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L79 Manage investment strategy Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 3, 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L80 Manage accounts and records Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L81 Prepare client statements Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L82 Document security Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L83 Act as approved trustee¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L84 Collect and process dividends¨/interest Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L85 Effecting the transfer of title to securities¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L86 Receive/take up entitlement issues Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L87 Purchase/sell investments Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items12 & 15 Taxable†  
L88 Record investments purchase/sale transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L89 Reconcile bonus shares, rights issues, dividends¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
  CORPORATE SERVICES
L90 Compliance advice Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 3 & 15 Taxable†  
L91 Prepare superannuation and taxation returns (including BAS) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 3 & 15 Taxable†  
L92 CHESS¨/CHAMP¨ administration Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L93 Provide and confirm buy/sell instructions through CHESS¨/CHAMP¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 & 15 Taxable†  
L94 Trustee¨ services provided in acting as:      
L95 · Trustee¨ for structured finance funds Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L96 · Trustee¨ of a unit trust¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L97 · Trustee¨ of debenture¨ and note issues Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L98 · Trustee¨ for security bonds Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L99 · Trustee¨ of a trust¨ or other entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable† Given as an example of item 15 in Sch 8, Part 6, item 1.
L100 · Trustee¨ under a will or settlement¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable† Given as an example of item 15 in Sch 8, Part 6, item 2.
L101 · Mortgage¨ custodian¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
L102 The following professional services:      
L103 · Statutory accounts preparation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L104 · Compliance services¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L105 · Preparation of financial plans Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
 
  SECURITISATION ¨
L106 The following services provided in acting as Trustee¨ over a unit trust¨ structure for mortgage backed¨ and asset backed¨ securitisation¨ programs:      
L107 · Review of legal documentation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 3 & 15 Taxable†  
L108 · Activity of acquiring title to mortgages¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable† This is distinct from gaining an interest in the mortgage¨ as financial supply provider under item 3 of regulation 40-5.09(3).
L109 · Maintenance of trust¨ bank accounts in the Trustee's name Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L110 · Holding authorised investments in the Trustee's name Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L111 · Maintaining trust¨ ledger accounts in accordance with the Trust Deed¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L112 · Safekeeping of physical securities¨ and documents evidencing title to assets and maintenance of electronic records or depository balances Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L113 · Settling all funds received from the relevant assets in accordance with the Trust Deed¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L114 · Ensuring prompt payment to bondholders, either in certified form on a register or on a nominated depository Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L115 · Appointing auditors Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L116 The following services in acting as Security Trustee¨ for mortgage backed and asset backed securitisation¨ programs:      
L117 · Hold charge over assets of special purpose vehicle to secure payment to bondholders Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable† The acquisition of the mortgage¨ or charge over the assets of the special purpose vehicle by the security trustee¨ (in their own right) may be a financial supply¨ if the other requirements of 40-5.09 are met.
L118 · Acting as custodian¨ of assets of special purpose vehicle Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L119 · Registrar services and maintenance of securities¨ register Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L120 The following services in acting as Bare Trustee¨/Mortgage¨ Document Custodian¨:      
L121 · Holding documentation in safe custody¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 & 16 Taxable†  
L122 · Input documentation on to document tracking system Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L123 · Tracking relevant documents Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L124 · Reviewing correctness of relevant documents Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L125 · Obtaining approval from the beneficiary of the bare trust¨ to execute/release documentation Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L126 · Arranging for signatories to execute releases Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L127 · Forwarding documentation to the appropriate party Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 15 Taxable†  
L128 Fees and charges for:      
L129 · Coordinating the issue of debt securities¨ by the special purpose vehicle Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable† See line item D32.
L130 · Servicing loan¨ assets including loan management and debt¨ collection services Section 9-5 40-5.12 Items 12 and 13 Taxable†  
L131 · The provision of liquidity facilities, swaps¨, letters of credit and other financial accommodation 40-5.09(3) Items 2 & 11 Input taxed  
L132 · The issue of debt¨ or equity securities¨ to investors 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed  
L133 Rating services for securitisation¨ vehicles Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 3 Taxable†  
L134 Securitisation¨ arrangement including supply of the following:      
L135 · Assignment¨ of an income stream 40-5.09(3) Item 2 Input taxed See line item D32.
L136 · Issue of bond¨/debenture¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed See line item D33.
L137 · Rating service¨ 40-5.09(3) Item 10 Input taxed If the rating service is provided separately and constitutes an aim in itself, the supply will be taxable under item 3, regulation 40-5.12. See line item D34 and L133.
M. Summary of fees and services - Funds management
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  FUNDS MANAGEMENT
M1 Fees and charges for managing an asset portfolio or funds under management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M2 Fees and charges for administration of an asset portfolio or funds under management Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M3 Acting as the trustee of an entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 & 15 Taxable†  
M4 The following investment portfolio administration services:      
M5 · Maintaining account holder records and associated accounting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M6 · Processing of contributions and returns Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M7 · Storage and retrieval of archived documents Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M8 · Statement processing and bulk mailing Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M9 · Rental of safety deposit¨ boxes Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item16 Taxable†  
M10 · Clean payments made on behalf of another entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M11 · Settling and undertaking of securities¨ transactions at the direction of the custodian¨ client Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M12 · Collecting income and other payments with respect to the securities¨ in the fund Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M13 · Proxy voting¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M14 · Portfolio reporting - settlement¨ activity, recurrent reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M15 · Option¨ trading services performed on behalf of another entity Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M16 Fees charged by a funds manager for opening and maintaining bank accounts to facilitate settlement¨ of security transactions Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M17 Safekeeping of physical securities¨ and maintaining electronic records of depository balances Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 16 Taxable†  
M18 The following accounting and administrative services for funds under management:      
M19 · Maintenance of accounting records Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M20 · Pricing of securities¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M21 · Taxation reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M22 · Mandate¨ monitoring Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M23 · Trade execution monitoring Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M24 · Portfolio performance analysis Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
M25 · Risk management¨ reporting Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 12 Taxable†  
N. Summary of fees and services - Commodities and Collectibles
Line No. Supply, Service or Consideration GST Regulation or GST Act GST Status Notes
  COMMODITIES
N1 Purchase and sale of commodities Section 9-5 Taxable†  
N2 Deliverable wool futures and forward contracts¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 7 Taxable† Schedule 8, Part 3 item 1.
N3 Deliverable wheat futures and forward contracts¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 7 Taxable† Schedule 8, Part 3 item 2.
N4 Options¨ over a deliverable wool future or forward contract¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 7 Taxable† Schedule 8, Part 3 item 3.
N5 Options¨ over deliverable wheat futures and forward contracts¨ Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 7 Taxable† Schedule 8, Part 3 item 3.
 
  COLLECTIBLES
N6 Collector's piece (other than precious metals¨) Section 9-5 Taxableª Excluded from the definition of money¨ in section 195-1 of the GST Act and not included as a financial supply¨ in any item under regulation.
N7 Investment articles (other than precious metals¨) Section 9-5 Taxableª Excluded from the definition of money¨ in section 195-1 of the GST Act and not included as a financial supply¨ in any item under regulation.
N8 Item of numismatic¨ interest (other than precious metals¨) Section 9-5 Taxableª Excluded from the definition of money¨ in section 195-1 of the GST Act and not included as a financial supply¨ in any item under regulation.
N9 Currency the market value of which exceeds its stated value as legal tender in the country of issue (other than precious metals¨) Section 9-5 40-5.12 Item 17 Taxable† Excluded from the definition of money¨ in section 195-1 of the GST Act and not included as a financial supply¨ in any item under regulation.

¨ This term is defined in the Glossary of Terms in Schedule 1.

† The supply is listed under an item in regulation 40-5.12 as something that is not a financial supply. The supply is taxable under the GST Act as specified. However, this assumes that the conditions for a supply of that kind are met. On the particular facts and circumstances of the transaction, another provision of the Act may apply. Each transaction will need to be judged and its GST status determined by having regard to all the facts and circumstances particular to that case.

ª This assumes that all of the requirements of section 9-5 of the GST Act are satisfied.

Footnotes

[F1]

1 Subsection 40-5(1).

[F1A]

1A Refer to each Addendum to see how that Addendum amends this Ruling.

[F2]

2 Subsections 11-15(3) and 15-10(3).

[F3]

3 'borrowing' is defined in section 195-1 to have the meaning given by section 995-1 of the ITAA 1997.

[F4]

4 Subsections 11-15(5) and 15-10(5).

[F5]

5 Subsections 11-15(4) and 15-10(4).

[F6]

6 That is, input taxed supplies other than financial supplies covered by the exceptions discussed in paragraphs 9 and 10.

[F7]

7 A financial acquisition is an acquisition that relates to the making of a financial supply (other than a financial supply consisting of a borrowing): section 189-15.

[F8]

8 Sections 189-5 and 189-10.

[F9]

9 For members of a GST group, the financial acquisitions threshold is calculated under subsections 189-5(2) and 189-10(2) as if the whole group were a single entity.

[F10]

10 Section 70-5(1A).

[F11]

11 Explanatory Statement to Statutory Rule 245 of 1999, Attachment E, page 1.

[F12]

12 Subsection 40-5(1).

[F13]

13 Subsection 40-5(2).

[F14]

14 Regulation 40-5.01, note 1.

[F15]

15 Paragraph 9-10(2)(f).

[F16]

16 Regulation 40-5.01 states that the object of Subdivision 40-A is to identify a supply that is or is not a financial supply.

[F17]

17 Regulation 40-5.08.

[F18]

18 Regulation 40-5.10.

[F19]

19 See regulations 40-5.01, 40-5.07, 40-5.08, 40-5.10, subregulation 40-5.09(4) and subparagraph 40-5.09(1)(b)(ii).

[F20]

20 Regulation 40-5.06 is an exception to this as it distinguishes between a supply and an acquisition to make it clear that the acquirer of a financial interest is a financial supply provider.

[F21]

21 See for example A-G v. Carlton Bank [1899] 2 QB 158 at p 164; Gartside v. IR Comr [1968] AC 553 at 612; Cooper Brookes (Wollongong) Pty Ltd v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1981) 147 CLR 297.

[F22]

22 Regulation 40-5.06.

[F23]

23 Regulation 40-5.03.

[F24]

24 Regulation 40-5.04.

[F25]

25 Regulation 40-5.05.

[F26]

26 Subparagraphs 40-5.09(1)(a)(i) to (iii).

[F27]

27 The expression 'financial supplier' used in the Ruling means the provider, acquirer or disposer (as the case may be) of a financial interest.

[F28]

28 Subparagraphs 40-5.09(1)(b)(i) to (ii).

[F29]

29 Regulation 3 - the Dictionary to the GST regulations defines consideration by reference to the GST Act.

[F30]

30 Section 195-1 sets out what is included by the term 'money' and is reproduced in the Glossary to this Ruling.

[F31]

31 Subregulation 40-5.06(2).

[F32]

32 Regulation 3.

[F33]

33 Subsection 9-25(6).

[F34]

34 Section 195-1.

[F35]

35 Provision of an interest includes allotment, creation, grant or issue of the interest (regulation 40-5.03).

[F36]

36 Acquisition in relation to the provision or disposal of an interest includes acceptance and receipt of the interest (regulation 40-5.05).

[F37]

37 Disposal of an interest includes assignment, transfer and surrender of the interest (regulation 40-5.04).

[F38]

38 This includes, for example, how the interest is created, granted, issued, transferred, assigned, surrendered, accepted or received.

[F39]

39 FC of T v. Orica Limited (1998) 194 CLR 500; 98 ATC 4494; (1998) 39 ATR 66; [1998] HCA 33; (1998) 154 ALR 1; (1998) 72 ALJR 969.

[F40]

40 Part IIIA of the ITAA 1936 dealt with Capital Gains & Losses. These provisions are now incorporated within Division 108 of Part 3-1, ITAA 1997.

[F41]

41 National Trustees Executors & Agency Co. of Australasia Ltd v. FC of T (1954) 91 CLR 540 at 583.

[F42]

42 ICI Australia v. FC of T (1996) 68 FCR 122; (1996) 33 ATR 174; 96 ATC 4680.

[F43]

43 As discussed at paragraph 43, this may mean the transaction gives rise to four supplies - two 'actual' financial supplies and two acquisition-supplies.

[F44]

44 See Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 for a discussion of the expression 'integral, ancillary or incidental'.

[F45]

45 Section 195-1 sets out what is included by the term 'money' and is reproduced in the Glossary to this Ruling.

[F46]

46 Subsection 9-10(4).

[F47]

47 A money order comes within paragraph (d) of the definition of money in section 195-1 of the GST Act. This example illustrates when a supply of money is a supply for the purposes of section 9-10(4). The example does not deal with whether or not Jeanette or PostOffice have made financial supplies. In the example both the supply of a money order and the $200 (as currency) may be financial supplies. The money order is a debenture and an item 10 paragraph (a) interest and the currency is an item 9 interest under subregulation 40-5.09(3).

[F48]

48 Paragraph 11-10(2)(f).

[F49]

49 See subsection 11-10(3).

[F50]

50 Regulation 40-5.06.

[F51]

51 Regulation 40-5.07.

[F52]

52 Explanatory Statement, Statutory Rules 1999, No. 245, Attachment B, page 1.

[F53]

53 Regulation 40-5.06.

[F54]

54 Subregulation 40-5.06(1).

[F55]

55 Regulation 40-5.07.

[F56]

56 Subparagraph 40-5.09(1)(b)(ii). This is one situation where the regulations distinguish between a supply and acquisition.

[F57]

57 Provided the other conditions of regulation 40-5.09 are satisfied.

[F58]

58 Regulation 40-5.08.

[F59]

59 See Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2001/8 for a discussion of the expression 'integral, ancillary or incidental'.

[F60]

60 Paragraphs 11A(1)(e), (f), (h), (i), (l) and (m) and subparagraph 11A(1)(k)(i) of the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985 (NZ).

[F61]

61 Wilson & Horton Ltd v. C of IR (1994) 16 NZTC 11,221 and Malololailai Interval Holidays New Zealand Ltd v. C of IR (1997) 18 NZTC 13,337.

[F62]

62 Black's Law Dictionary 5th ed. West Publishing Co. p.686.

[F63]

63 Downs Distributing Co. Pty Ltd v. Associated Blue Star Stores Pty Ltd (1948) 76 CLR 463 at 477.

[F64]

64 Fairway Estates Pty Ltd v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1970) 123 CLR 153; 1 ATR 726; 70 ATC 4061.

[F65]

65 Section 195-1.

[F66]

66 Subsection 38-190(1), item 2.

[F67]

67 The Australian Business Register is at www.bep.gov.au or www.abr.gov.au.

[F68]

68 Subsection 38-190(1), item 3.

[F69]

69 Section 84-5.

[F70]

70 Sections 84-10 and 84-12.

[F71]

71 Paragraph 84-5(1)(c).

[F72]

72 This is separate to the issue that an acquisition on a strict reading of subsection 9-25(5) cannot be connected with Australia.

[F73]

73 Subregulation 40-5.09(2). Subregulation 40-5.09(2) also recognises that in these circumstances the supplier need not register, or may be unable to register, for GST. For example, the entity does not carry on an enterprise in Australia.

[F74]

74 As defined in section 195-1 of the GST Act.

[F75]

75 Section 84-15.

[F76]

76 Provided its GST turnover meets the registration turnover threshold - sections 23-5 and 23-10.

[F77]

77 Regulation 40-5.12 lists those supplies that are not financial supplies.

[F78]

78 Regulation 40-5.08.

[F79]

79 In this example, it is assumed that all the requirements for an incidental financial supply are met.

[F80]

80 Certain taxes, fees and charges may be excluded from GST by a determination of the Treasurer under Division 81. The payment of such a tax, fee or charge specified in a determination of the Treasurer does not amount to consideration.

[F81]

81 See Schedule 7, item 15 of Part 1 and items 6 and 7 of Part 2 of the GST regulations.

[F82]

82 Subsection 70-5(1).

[F83]

83 An acquisition or importation is not for a creditable purpose to the extent that the acquisition or importation relates to making other input taxed supplies or is of a private or domestic nature.

[F84]

84 Subsection 70-5(1A).

[F85]

85 Subsection 70-5(2); regulation 70-5.03.

[F86]

86 Section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001 provides that Australian ADI means:

(a)
an ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959; and
(b)
a person who carries on State banking within the meaning of paragraph 51(xiii) of the Constitution.

[F87]

87 Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law, 1996.

[F88]

88 Items 2, 8, 10, 24 and 29 of subregulation 70-5.02(2) and regulation 70-5.02B.

[F89]

89 Items 1, 6, 7, 11, 14, 15, 17, 26 and 30 of subregulation 70-5.02(2).

[F90]

90 Items 1, 9, 23 and 24 of subregulation 70-5.02(2).

[F91]

91 Re Proprietary Articles Trade Association of South Australia Inc. [1949] SASR 88; Lippett v. Robertson [1953] SASR 13; In the Estate of Nicholas [1955] VLR 291 and Cuisenaire v. Reed (1962) 5 FLR 189, YZ Finance Co. Pty Ltd v. Cummings (1964) 109 CLR 395, Cohns Industries Pty Ltd v. Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (Cth) (1979) 37 FLR 508 at 511 per Young CJ, Starke and Gray JJ; Marsal Pty Ltd v. Comptroller of Stamps (Vic) (1982) 82 ATC 4,536.

[F92]

92 The conditions of regulation 70-5.02A(2) must also be met before the acquisition is a reduced credit acquisition. See paragraphs 218 to 219 for an explanation.

[F93]

93 Regulation 70-5.01A.

[F94]

94 A mixed supply is a supply that consists of taxable and non-taxable parts.

[F95]

95 Sea Containers Ltd v. Customs & Excise Commissioners [2000] BVC 60.

[F96]

96 Sea Containers Ltd v. Customs and Excise Commissioners [2000] BVC 60 at 67.

[F97]

97 British Airways plc v. Customs and Excise Commissioners (1990) 5 BVC 97.

[F98]

98 British Airways plc v. Customs and Excise Commissioners (1990) 5 BVC 97 at 102-103.

[F99]

99 Commissioners of Customs & Excise v. The Automobile Association (1974) 1 BVC 8.

[F100]

100 Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Wellington Private Hospital Ltd [1997] BVC 251 at 266.

[F101]

101 Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Wellington Private Hospital Ltd [1997] BVC 251 at 266.

[F102]

102 Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Madgett & Anor (t/a Howden Court Hotel) [1998] BVC 458 at 464.

[F103]

103 Customs and Excise Commissioners v. British Telecommunications plc [1999] BVC 306 at 312.

[F104]

104 See Lord Hope of Craighead in Customs and Excise Commissioners v. British Telecommunications plc [1999] BVC 306 at 314.

[F105]

105 Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Madgett (t/a Howden Court Hotel) [1998] BVC 458.

[F106]

106 The Macquarie Dictionary definition of facilitate is "to help forward (an action, process etc)".

[F107]

107 See Goods and Services Tax Ruling GSTR 2000/22 for a discussion of apportionment methods.

[F108]

108 Subregulation 70-5.02(3).

[F109]

109 Paragraph (e) of the definition. This exclusion is added back as a security for the purposes of the GST regulations.

[F110]

110 Paragraph (i) of the definition. This exclusion is added back as a security for the purposes of the GST regulations.

[F111]

111 Paragraph (k) of the definition. This exclusion is added back as a security for the purposes of the GST regulations.

[F112]

112 Paragraph (m) of the definition. This exclusion is added back as a security for the purposes of the GST regulations.

[F113]

113 See definition of debenture in Glossary.

[F114]

114 See definition of managed investment scheme in Glossary.

[F115]

115 Subregulation 40-5.09(4) may apply to these fees where relevant and provided the conditions set out in the subregulation are satisfied.

[F116]

116 See below line item C29 re treatment of stamp duties.

Previously released as GSTR 2001/D9

References

ATO references:
NO T2001/11413

ISSN: 1443-5160

Related Rulings/Determinations:

GSTR 1999/1
GSTR 2000/11
GSTR 2000/15
GSTR 2000/17
GSTR 2000/22
GSTR 2000/24
GSTR 2000/31
GSTR 2000/37
GSTR 2002/5
GSTR 2001/6
GSTR 2001/8
GSTR 2002/5
GSTR 2008/1
MT 2000/1
GSTD 2000/8

Subject References:
acquisition
acquisition-supply
agency relationships
ancillary
apportionment
closely related
composite acquisition
composite supply
connected with Australia
creditable acquisition
creditable purpose
directly in connection
disposal
done in Australia
financial acquisitions threshold
financial interest
financial supply
financial supply facilitator
financial supply provider
GST consideration
GST-free supplies
GST permanent establishment
GST regulations
GST supplies and acquisitions
incidental
incidental financial supplies
input taxed supplies
integral
interest in
interest under
mixed acquisition
mixed supply
offshore supplies
provision
reduced input tax credits
reduced credit acquisition
reverse charge
separate consideration
taxable supply
tax invoices
usual practice

Legislative References:
Corporations Act 2001 9
ANTS(GST)A99 9-5
ANTS(GST)A99 9-10
ANTS(GST)A99 9-10(1)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-10(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-10(2)(f)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-10(4)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-15
ANTS(GST)A99 9-15(1)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-15(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-25
ANTS(GST)A99 9-25(5)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-25(5)(a)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-25(5)(b)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-25(6)
ANTS(GST)A99 9-30(3)
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 11
ANTS(GST)A99 11-10(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 11-10(2)(f)
ANTS(GST)A99 11-10(3)
ANTS(GST)A99 11-15
ANTS(GST)A99 11-15(3)
ANTS(GST)A99 11-15(4)
ANTS(GST)A99 11-15(5)
ANTS(GST)A99 15-10(3)
ANTS(GST)A99 15-10(4)
ANTS(GST)A99 15-10(5)
ANTS(GST)A99 23-5
ANTS(GST)A99 23-10
ANTS(GST)A99 Subdiv 29-C
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 38
ANTS(GST)A99 38-190
ANTS(GST)A99 38-190(1)
ANTS(GST)A99 38-190(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 38-190(3)
ANTS(GST)A99 38-190(4)
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 40
ANTS(GST)A99 40-5(1)
ANTS(GST)A99 40-5(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 70
ANTS(GST)A99 70-5(1)
ANTS(GST)A99 70-5(1A)
ANTS(GST)A99 70-5(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 70-20(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 81
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 84
ANTS(GST)A99 84-5
ANTS(GST)A99 84-5(1)(c)
ANTS(GST)A99 84-10
ANTS(GST)A99 84-12
ANTS(GST)A99 84-13
ANTS(GST)A99 Div 189
ANTS(GST)A99 189-5
ANTS(GST)A99 189-5(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 189-10
ANTS(GST)A99 189-10(2)
ANTS(GST)A99 189-15
ANTS(GST)A99 195-1
ITAA 1997 995-1
ITAA 1997 Div 108
ITAA 1997 Part 3-1
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(e)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(f)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(h)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(i)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(l)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(m)
GSTA 85 (NZ) 11A(1)(k)(i)
ITAA 1936 6(1)
ITAA 1936 Part IIIA
TAA 1953 Sch 1 105-60
ANTS(GST)R99 3
ANTS(GST)R99 Subdiv 29-C
ANTS(GST)R99 29-70.01(2)(f)
ANTS(GST)R99 29-70.01(2)(g)
ANTS(GST)R99 Part 3-1
ANTS(GST)R99 Subdiv 40-A
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.01
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.02
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.03
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.04
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.05
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.06
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.06(1)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.06(2)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.07
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.08
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(a)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(a)(i)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(a)(ii)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(a)(iii)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(b)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(b)(i)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(1)(b)(ii)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(2)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(3)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.09(4)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.10
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.10(a)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.10(b)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.10(c)
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.11
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.12
ANTS(GST)R99 40-5.13
ANTS(GST)R99 Part 4-2
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.01
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.01A
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02A
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02A(2)
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02B
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02B(1)
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02C
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02(1)
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02(2)
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.02(3)
ANTS(GST)R99 70-5.03

Case References:
A-G v Carlton Bank
[1899] 2 QB 158


British Airways plc v. Customs and Excise Commissioners
(1990) 5 BVC 97

Card Protection Plan v. Customs and Excise Commissioners
[2001] BVC 158

Cohns Industries Pty Ltd v. Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (Cth)
(1979) 79 ATC 4243
(1979) 9 ATR 759
(1979) 37 FLR 508

Commissioners of Customs & Excise v. The Automobile Association
(1974) 1 BVC 8

Cooper Brookes (Wollongong) Pty Ltd v. Federal Commissioner of Taxation
(1981) 147 CLR 297
(1981) 81 ATC 4292
(1981) 11 ATR 949

Cuisenaire v. Reed
(1962) 5 FLR 180
[1963] VR 719

Customs and Excise Commissioners v. British Telecommunications plc
[1999] BVC 306

Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Madgett & Anor (t/a Howden Court Hotel)
[1998] BVC 458

Customs and Excise Commissioners v. Wellington Private Hospital Ltd
[1997] BVC 251

Downs Distributing Co. Pty Ltd v. Associated Blue Star Stores Pty Ltd
(1948) 76 CLR 463

Fairway Estate Pty Ltd v. FC of T
(1970) 123 CLR 153
70 ATC 4061
1 ATR 726

FC of T v. Orica Ltd
(1998) 194 CLR 500
98 ATC 4494
(1998) 39 ATR 66

Gartside v. IR Comr
[1968] AC 553

ICI Australia v. FC of T
(1996) 68 FCR 122
33 ATR 174
96 ATC 4680

In the Estate of Nicholas
[1955] VLR 291
[1955] ALR 817

Lippett v. Robertson
[1953] SASR 13

Marsal Pty Ltd v. Comptroller of Stamps (Vic)
(1982) 82 ATC 4,536

Malololailai Interval Holidays New Zealand v. C of IR
(1997) 18 NZTC 13,137

National Trustees Executors & Agency Co. of Australasia Ltd v. FCT
(1954) 91 CLR 540

Re Proprietary Articles Trade Association of South Australia Inc.
[1949] SASR 88

Sea Containers Ltd v. Customs and Excise Commissioners
[2000] BVC 60

Wilson & Horton v. C of IR
(1994) 16 NZTC 11,221

YZ Finance Co. Pty Ltd v. Cummings
(1964) 109 CLR 395

GSTR 2002/2 history
  Date: Version: Change:
  26 June 2002 Original ruling  
  25 February 2004 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  15 August 2007 Consolidated ruling Addendum
You are here 5 March 2008 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  17 June 2009 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  21 December 2011 Consolidated ruling  
  16 May 2012 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  11 December 2013 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  20 December 2013 Consolidated ruling Consolidated Adendum
  20 August 2014 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  17 December 2014 Consolidated ruling Addendum

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