## Medicare adjustments and the scales

A Medicare levy adjustment isn't allowed if withholding amounts have been calculated using scales 1, 3, 4 or 5. The amount obtained using scales 2 or 6 (after allowing for any tax offsets) is reduced by any amount of Medicare levy adjustment applicable.

## When an employee is entitled to an adjustment

To claim the Medicare levy adjustment (available in certain situations), your employee must lodge a Medicare levy variation declaration with their *Tax file number declaration*.

Some employees may be liable for an increased rate of the Medicare levy surcharge as a result of the income for surcharge purposes tests. They can lodge a *Medicare levy variation declaration*, asking you to increase the amount to be withheld from their payments.

An employee who has lodged both a completed Tax file number declaration and a Medicare levy variation declaration may be entitled to a Medicare levy adjustment if they have weekly earnings of one of the following:

- $500 or more where scale 2 is applied
- $843 or more where scale 6 is applied.

To claim the adjustment, the employee must answer **yes** to question 10 and **yes** to question 9, and/or question 12 on the *Medicare levy variation declaration.*

## Calculating the Medicare levy adjustment

To calculate the Medicare levy adjustment, your software package will need to be able to distinguish those employees who have answered **yes** to question 9 and **no** to question 12 on the *Medicare levy variation declaration*.

If employees have answered **yes** to question 12, the software must be able to store the number of dependants shown at this question on the declaration.

You will need to calculate the weekly family threshold and shading out point (SOP) before calculating the weekly levy adjustment for employees with weekly earnings of one of the following:

- $625 or more where scale 2 is applied
- $1,053 or more where scale 6 is applied.

Values used in the calculations may be regarded as variables.

## Weekly family threshold (WFT)

### If scale 2 or scale 6 is applied

If an employee has answered **yes** to question 9 and **no** to question 12 on the *Medicare levy variation declaration*, the formula is:

WFT = $843.19 (43,846 ÷ 52) (rounded to the nearest cent).

If an employee has answered **yes** to question 12 on the *Medicare levy variation declaration*, you need to:

- multiply the number of children shown at question 12 by 4,027 and add the result to 43,846
- divide the result of (a) by 52
- round the result of (b) to the nearest cent.

#### Example: Dependent children

If the employee has shown 2 dependent children at question 12:

WFT = ([4,027 × 2] + 43,846) ÷ 52

WFT = 998.0769 or $998.08 (rounded to the nearest cent)

End of example## Shading out point (SOP)

The SOP relative to an employee’s WFT is calculated as follows:

Multiply WFT by 0.1 and divide the result by 0.0800. Ignore any cents in the result.

### Example: 6 dependent children

Stevi has shown 6 dependent children at question 12 and scale 2 is applied:

WFT = ([4,027 × 6] + 43,846) ÷ 52

WFT = 1,307.8462 or $1,307.85 (rounded to the nearest cent)

SOP = (WFT × 0.1) ÷ 0.0800

SOP = ($1,307.85 × 0.1) ÷ 0.0800

SOP = 1,634.8125 or $1,634 (ignoring cents)

End of example## Weekly levy adjustment (WLA)

### If scale 2 is applied

If weekly earnings are $500 or more but less than the SOP, the WLA is derived by applying the weekly earnings (**x**) expressed in whole dollars plus an amount of 99 cents (see Working out the weekly earningsThis link will download a file), in the following formulas:

- If
**x**is less than $625, WLA = (**x**− 500) × 0.1 - If
**x**is $625 or more but less than WFT, WLA =**x**× 0.0200 - If
**x**is equal to or greater than WFT and less than the SOP, WLA =

(WFT × 0.0200) − ([**x**− WFT] × 0.0800)

### If scale 6 is applied

If weekly earnings are $843 or more but less than the SOP, the WLA is derived by applying the weekly earnings (**x**) expressed in whole dollars plus an amount of 99 cents (see Working out the weekly earningsThis link will download a file), in the following formulas:

- If
**x**is less than $1,053, WLA = (**x**− 843.19) × 0.05 - If
**x**is $1,053 or more but less than WFT, WLA =**x**× 0.0100 - If
**x**is equal to or greater than WFT and less than the SOP, WLA = (WFT × 0.0100) − ([**x**− WFT] × 0.0400)

In each case, WLA should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

Values ending in 50 cents should be rounded to the next higher dollar.

#### Example: 4 employees with weekly wages in different situations

JoJos employs 4 people.

The first employee, Zail, has weekly earnings of $535.33 and scale 2 is applied.

**X** = 535.99

As **x** is less than $625, WLA is calculated using formula (1):

WLA = (535.99 − 500) × 0.1

= 3.5990 or $4.00 (rounded to the nearest dollar)

The second employee, Abe, has weekly earnings of $1,064.25. Abe claims for 3 children at question 12 is 3. Scale 6 is applied.

**X** = 1,064.99

WFT = ([4,027 × 3] + 43,846) ÷ 52 = 1,075.5192 or $1,075.52 (rounded to the nearest cent)

As **x** is greater than $1,053 and less than WFT, WLA is calculated using formula (2):

WLA = 1,064.99 × 0.01

= 10,6499 or $11.00 (rounded to the nearest dollar)

The third employee is Wendy, with weekly earnings of $1,200.47 and 4 children claimed at question 12. Scale 2 is applied.

**X** = 1,200.99

WFT = ([4,027 × 4] + 43,846) ÷ 52 = 1,152.9615 or $1,152.96 (rounded to the nearest cent)

SOP = (1,152.96 × 0.1) ÷ 0.08 = 1,441.2000 or $1,441 (ignoring cents)

As **x** is greater than WFT and less than SOP, WLA is calculated using formula (3):

WLA = (1,152.96 × 0.020) − ([1,200.99 − 1,152.96] × 0.0800) = 19.2168 or $19.00 (rounded to the nearest dollar)

End of example### Fortnightly levy adjustment

Multiply rounded weekly levy adjustment by 2.

#### Example: fortnightly earnings

Kareem is an employee with fortnightly earnings of $1,887.52 and one child claimed at question 12. Scale 2 is applied.

Equivalent weekly earnings = $1,887.52 ÷ 2

= $943.76

**x** = 943.99

WFT = ([4,027 × 1] + 43,846) ÷ 52

= 920.6346 or $920.63 (rounded to the nearest cent).

SOP = (920.63 × 0.1) ÷ 0.08

= 1,150.7875 or $1,150 (ignoring cents)

As **x** is greater than WFT and less than SOP, formula (3) is used:

WLA = (920.63 × 0.020) − ([943.99 − 920.63] × 0.0800)

= 16.5438 or $17.00 (rounded to the nearest dollar)

The fortnightly levy adjustment is therefore $34.00 ($17.00 × 2).

End of example## Monthly levy adjustment

Multiply rounded weekly levy adjustment by 13 and divide the result by 3. The result should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

### Example**:** monthly earnings

Scott's monthly earnings are $2,800.33. He has a spouse and no children. Scale 2 is applied.

Equivalent weekly earnings = ($2,800.33 + 0.01) × 3 ÷ 13

= $646.23

**x** = 646.99

WFT = $843.19

As **x** is greater than $625 and less than WFT, formula (2) applies:

WLA = 646.99 × 0.0200 = 12.9398 or $13.00 (rounded to the nearest dollar)

The monthly adjustment is therefore $56.00 ($13.00 × 13 ÷ 3, rounded to the nearest dollar).

End of example## Quarterly levy adjustment

Multiply rounded weekly levy adjustment by 13.