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  • Schedule 1 – Statement of formulas for calculating amounts to be withheld

    For payments made on or after 13 October 2020

    This document is a withholding schedule made by the Commissioner of Taxation in accordance with sections 15-25 and 15-30 of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (TAA). It applies to withholding payments covered by Subdivisions 12-B (except sections 12-50 and 12-55), and 12-D of Schedule 1 to the TAA.

    Using this schedule

    If you develop your own payroll software package, this schedule provides the formulas you will need to calculate the amounts to be withheld from payments made on a weekly, fortnightly, monthly or quarterly basis.

    To assist employers who don't have a payroll software package, our website provides the following tools which are based on the formulas in this schedule:

    Payments covered include:

    • salary, wages, allowances and leave loading paid to employees
    • paid parental leave
    • directors' fees
    • salary and allowances paid to office holders (including members of parliament, statutory office holders, defence force members and police officers)
    • payments to labour-hire workers
    • payments to religious practitioners
    • government pensions
    • government education or training payments
    • compensation, sickness or accident payments that are calculated at a periodical rate and made because a person is unable to work (unless the payment is made under an insurance policy to the policy owner).

    Do not use this schedule for payments made to individuals employed under a working holiday makers visa. You must use the Tax table for working holiday makers for all payments made to them, including lump sum payments.

    See also:

    Coefficients for calculation of amounts to be withheld (withholding amounts) from weekly payments

    Where the tax-free threshold is not claimed in Tax file number declaration – Scale 1

    Weekly earnings
    (x) less than
    $

    a

    b

    88

    0.1900

    0.1900

    371

    0.2348

    3.9639

    515

    0.2190

    −1.9003

    932

    0.3477

    64.4297

    1,957

    0.3450

    61.9132

    3,111

    0.3900

    150.0093

    3,111 & over

    0.4700

    398.9324

    Where the employee claimed the tax-free threshold in Tax file number declaration – Scale 2

    Weekly earnings
    (x) less than
    $

    a

    b

    359

    438

    0.1900

    68.3462

    548

    0.2900

    112.1942

    721

    0.2100

    68.3465

    865

    0.2190

    74.8369

    1,282

    0.3477

    186.2119

    2,307

    0.3450

    182.7504

    3,461

    0.3900

    286.5965

    3,461 & over

    0.4700

    563.5196

    Foreign residents – Scale 3

    Weekly earnings
    (x) less than
    $

    a

    b

    2,307

    0.3250

    0.3250

    3,461

    0.3700

    103.8462

    3,461 & over

    0.4500

    380.7692

    Where a tax file number (TFN) was not provided by employee – Scale 4

    Earnings

    Tax rate

    Resident
    $1 & over

    0.4700

    Foreign resident
    $1 & over

    0.4500

    Where the employee claimed the FULL exemption from Medicare levy in Medicare levy variation declaration – Scale 5

    Weekly earnings
    (x) less than
    $

    a

    b

    359

    721

    0.1900

    68.3462

    865

    0.1990

    74.8365

    1,282

    0.3277

    186.2115

    2,307

    0.3250

    182.7500

    3,461

    0.3700

    286.5962

    3,461 & over

    0.4500

    563.5192

    Where the employee claimed the HALF exemption from Medicare levy in Medicare levy variation declaration – Scale 6

    Weekly earnings
    (x) less than
    $

    a

    b

    359

    721

    0.1900

    68.3462

    739

    0.1990

    74.8365

    865

    0.2490

    111.8308

    924

    0.3777

    223.2058

    1,282

    0.3377

    186.2119

    2,307

    0.3350

    182.7504

    3,461

    0.3800

    286.5965

    3,461 & over

    0.4600

    563.5196

    Notes

    1. Scale 1 contains a negative value for one of the b coefficients. This is intentional.
    2. If you have 27 fortnightly, or 53 weekly pays in a financial year, refer to withholding additional amounts from employee earnings.
    3. Scales 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 may be applied only where employees have provided their TFN.
    4. For scale 4 no coefficients are necessary. To calculate withholding, apply the tax rate to earnings, ignoring any cents in earnings and in the withholding result.
    5. Scale 1 and 2 apply whether or not the employee is entitled to any leave loading.
    6. Tax offsets may be allowed only where scales 2, 5 or 6 are applied.
    7. Scale 1, 2, 4 and 6 incorporate the Medicare levy. Scale 4 incorporates the Medicare levy for residents only.
    8. For scale 2 no Medicare levy is payable by a person whose taxable income for the year is $22,801 ($438 per week) or less. Where the taxable income exceeds $22,801 but is less than $28,501 ($548 per week), the levy is shaded in at the rate of 10% of the excess over $22,801. Where a person’s taxable income is $28,501 ($548 per week) or more, Medicare is levied at the rate of 2% of total taxable income.
    9. The Medicare levy is also shaded in for scale 6. The Medicare levy parameters for scales 2 and 6 are as follows:
    Medicare levy parameters

    Parameter

    Scale 2

    Scale 6

    Weekly earnings threshold

    438

    739

    Weekly earnings shade-in threshold

    548

    924

    Medicare levy family threshold

    38,474

    38,474

    Weekly family threshold divisor

    52

    52

    Additional child

    3,533

    3,533

    Shading out point multiplier

    0.1000

    0.0500

    Shading out point divisor

    0.0800

    0.0400

    Weekly levy adjustment factor

    438.4800

    739.8800

    Medicare levy

    0.0200

    0.0100

    About this schedule

    Amounts to be withheld from payments made weekly, fortnightly, monthly and quarterly, as set out in the relevant PAYG withholding tax table, can be calculated using the formulas and coefficients contained in this schedule.

    Separate formulas apply to:

    • employees who have not claimed the tax-free threshold
    • foreign residents
    • employees claiming a full exemption from Medicare levy
    • employees claiming a half exemption from Medicare levy
    • employees who have claimed the tax-free threshold.

    Find out about:

    Using a formula

    The formulas comprise linear equations of the form y = ax − b, where:

    • y is the weekly withholding amount expressed in dollars
    • x is the number of whole dollars in the weekly earnings plus 99 cents
    • a and b are the values of the coefficients for each set of formulas for each range of weekly earnings (or, in the case of fortnightly, monthly or quarterly earnings, the weekly equivalent of these amounts).

    The formulas relate only to the calculation of withholding amounts before any tax offsets and Medicare levy adjustments are allowed. For instructions on the treatment of tax offsets and Medicare levy adjustments, refer to Tax offsets and Medicare levy adjustment.

    For sample data to verify that the software program is calculating the correct withholding amounts and Medicare levy adjustments, see Withholding amounts and Medicare levy adjustments.

    Withholding amounts calculated using these formulas may vary slightly to those calculated using the method set out in the footnote to the appropriate PAYG withholding tax table. This applies if earnings exceed $3,275 weekly or $6,550 fortnightly.

    Rounding of withholding amounts

    Withholding amounts calculated as a result of applying the above formulas are rounded to the nearest dollar. Values ending in 50 cents are rounded to the next higher dollar. Do this rounding directly – that is, do not make a preliminary rounding to the nearest cent.

    Use these rounding rules across all scales except scale 4 (where employee does not provide a TFN). For scale 4, cents are ignored when applying the tax rate to earnings and when withholding amounts are calculated.

    When there are 53 pays in a financial year

    In some years, you may have 53 pays instead of the usual 52. As this schedule is based on 52 pays, the extra pay may result in insufficient amounts being withheld. You should let your employees know when this occurs so if they are concerned about a shortfall in tax withheld, they can ask you to withhold the additional amount in the table below.

    Extra withholding amount, 53 pays

    Weekly earnings
    $

    Additional withholding
    $

    875 to 2,299

    3

    2,300 to 3,449

    5

    3,450 and over

    10

    When there are 27 pays in a financial year

    In some years, you may have 27 pays instead of the usual 26. As this schedule is based on 26 pays, the extra pay may result in insufficient amounts being withheld. You should let employees know when this occurs so if they are concerned about a shortfall in tax withheld, they can ask you to withhold the additional amounts in the table below.

    Extra withholding amount, 27 pays

    Fortnightly earnings
    $

    Additional withholding
    $

    1,750 to 4,549

    13

    4,550 to 6,749

    21

    6,750 and over

    40

    Working out the weekly earnings

    The method of working out the weekly earnings (x) for the purpose of applying the formulas is as follows:

    Example

    Weekly income

    $467.59

    Add allowance subject to withholding

    $9.50

    Total earnings (ignore cents)

    $477.00

    Add 99 cents

    $0.99

    Weekly earnings

    $477.99

     

    End of example

    Calculating withholding fortnightly, monthly or quarterly amounts

    First calculate the weekly equivalent of fortnightly, monthly or quarterly earnings. If you pay:

    • fortnightly – divide the sum of the fortnightly earnings and the amount of any allowances subject to withholding by two. Ignore any cents in the result and then add 99 cents.
    • monthly – obtain the sum of the monthly earnings and the amount of any allowances subject to withholding (if the result is an amount ending in 33 cents, add one cent), multiply this amount by three and then divide by 13. Ignore any cents in the result and then add 99 cents.
    • quarterly – divide the sum of the quarterly earnings and the amount of any allowances subject to withholding by 13. Ignore any cents in the result and then add 99 cents.

    Then calculate fortnightly, monthly or quarterly withholding amounts as follows:

    • fortnightly – work out the rounded weekly withholding amount applicable to the weekly equivalent of earnings, before any adjustment for tax offsets. Multiply this amount by two.
    • monthly – work out the rounded weekly withholding amount applicable to the weekly equivalent of earnings, before any adjustment for tax offsets. Multiply this amount by 13, divide the product by three and round the result to the nearest dollar.
    • quarterly – work out the rounded weekly withholding amount applicable to the weekly equivalent of earnings, before any adjustment for tax offsets. Multiply this amount by 13.
    Last modified: 13 Oct 2020QC 63798