You can use the following methods when working out your fuel tax credits for heavy vehicles.
- General method for heavy vehicles
- Basic method for heavy vehicles
- Simplified method for calculating fuel used in heavy vehicles with auxiliary equipment
- Other methods of calculating fuel used in auxiliary equipment
- Variables affecting fuel consumption
- Amending claims for auxiliary equipment
- Using a third party’s apportionment amount
You can use any apportionment method considered fair and reasonable for your circumstances to work out the quantity of fuel when claiming fuel tax credits.
The most common methods which are considered fair and reasonable are:
- Basic method – determining the quantity of taxable fuel used for travelling on public roads, off public roads and auxiliary equipment.
- Percentage use method – where a reliable percentage of taxable fuel used for travelling on a public road, for a sample period, is applied over a number of tax periods.
If you are using the percentage rates across your fleet you must:
- have undertaken the necessary testing. The testing must take into account the age, model, GVM and driver influence, conditions (terrain and climatic conditions) and the type of activity of each vehicle type
- retain documentary evidence to support the percentage rate is reasonable and, applicable to the vehicle
- you cannot use an average percentage rate without supporting documentation relevant to your vehicle and activity.
For more information see:
- Working out your fuel tax credit
- PCG 2016/8 Fuel tax credits – apportioning fuel for fuel tax credits
You can use this basic method for heavy vehicles to calculate fuel tax credits for diesel used in heavy vehicles if you claim less than $10,000 each year.
This method makes it easier to work out your on and off public road use.
You can use this method for all diesel acquired on or after 1 October 2020.
If you use this method you cannot use any other methods (e.g. the simplified method for auxiliary equipment)
For more information on apportioning fuel, see PCG 2021/2 Fuel tax credits – basic method for heavy vehicles
If you use fuel to power the auxiliary equipment of a heavy vehicle (for example, a concrete mixing barrel or elevated work platform) you can use a percentage that we have set to work out how much fuel is used for powering this equipment.
You can apply the percentage listed below to the fuel used in your heavy vehicle with auxiliary equipment.
This percentage covers both fuel used in powering the auxiliary equipment of the relevant vehicle as well as fuel used while the vehicle is not on a public road.
If you use these percentages you don't need to do a separate calculation for fuel used while the vehicle is off public roads (such as for idling or propelling the vehicle and use of auxiliary equipment).
The percentage you use to work out your fuel tax credits will cover this use. You also won't need to do complex calculations or sample testing when you use this method.
Concrete truck: includes the mixing barrel and all mechanisms used in loading, unloading and transporting the concrete.
Refrigerated vehicle – refers to all the refrigeration units of a vehicle transporting temperature-sensitive goods.
Includes fuel sourced from a separate or the same fuel tank as that which fuels the main engine.
Waste management collection: equipment of a vehicle used to lift the bin to deposit contents into the vehicle's hopper and to compact the contents of the hopper. Includes all configurations of bin-lifting equipment.
Does not include pumping in relation to waste management (refer below to 'Vehicles with specialised auxiliary equipment').
Vehicles with specialised auxiliary equipment – refers only to the following specialised equipment:
The apportionment of 5% is only applied once even if you have used fuel to power more than one type of specialised equipment.
Air-conditioner units that moderate the temperature of the vehicle’s sleeping compartment when the driver is on a sleeping break during a long-haul trip.
The vehicle must use fuel to power the air conditioner during the sleeping break of a long-haul trip.
Generally, a vehicle will qualify under only one category, except for a long haul refrigerated vehicle with an air-conditioner unit of a sleeper cabin.
Calculating your fuel tax credit for fuel used in vehicles with auxiliary equipment using the simplified method
Step 1: Determine the total amount of fuel acquired and used for the vehicle for that period.
Step 2: See Table 1 to find your vehicle type that uses auxiliary equipment and the correct percentage rate.
Step 3: Multiply the amount of fuel for use in that vehicle by the percentage in the table.
Step 4: Multiply the result of step 3 by the relevant ‘all other business uses’ fuel tax credit rate.
Step 5: Multiply the remaining fuel by the relevant ‘used in heavy vehicles for travelling on public roads’ rate.
Step 6: Add the results from steps 4 and 5 to total the fuel tax credit you can claim for this vehicle.
BIATWC Construction use diesel in different vehicles including their fleet of tipping trucks.
Step 1: They calculated they used 1,000 L of fuel for their tipping trucks for the period ending 30 June 2021.
Step 2: To calculate their fuel tax credits they locate the tipping trucks percentage from Table 1 (5%).
Step 3: They multiply the 5% by the 1,000 L of fuel used = 50 L.
Step 4: They multiply 50 L by 'all other business uses' fuel tax credit rate for the period, which was 42.7 cents per litre = $21.35.
Step 5: The remaining fuel used (1,000 L − 50 L = 950 L) is multiplied by the relevant 'used in heavy vehicles for travelling on public roads' rate which is 16.9 cents per litre for that period = $160.55.
Step 6: To calculate the total fuel tax credit they can claim, BIATWC Construction add the two amounts together from Step 4 and Step 5 ($21.35 + $160.55 = $181.90).End of example
For more information, see PCG 2016/11 Fuel tax credits – apportioning taxable fuel used in a heavy vehicle with auxiliary equipment.
Examples of other methods to calculate fuel used in auxiliary equipment include:
- actual records of fuel purchased and used if the auxiliary equipment of your heavy vehicle is fuelled by a separate tank
- actual fuel consumption data of the auxiliary equipment if it uses a power take-off connected to the module, such as engine diagnostic downloads
- running trials to compare the
- vehicle’s fuel consumption when the vehicle is idling with, and without the power take-off engaged
- fuel consumption of the vehicle with and without the auxiliary equipment operating.
If you are using average fuel consumption rates that are to apply across your fleet you must:
- have undertaken the necessary testing. The testing must take into account the age, model, GVM and driver influence, conditions (terrain and climatic conditions) and the type of activity.
- retain documentary evidence to support the fuel consumption rate is reasonable and, applicable to the vehicle.
You cannot use an average fuel consumption rate without supporting documentation relevant to your vehicle and activity.
The following example is not specific to a particular type or use of auxiliary equipment. You'll need to consider your individual circumstances to determine a fair and reasonable method for your heavy vehicle and equipment.
Example: fuel consumption of the vehicle with and without the auxiliary equipment operating
TrashBGone Inc operates several 20-tonne garbage trucks with rear bin-lifting equipment and compactors (auxiliary equipment). The auxiliary equipment is powered through a power take-off while the vehicle drives along the road and while idling.
TrashBGone selects several vehicles of different ages for fuel consumption trialling. The vehicles are fuelled to capacity. Each of the vehicles then operates the bin lifting equipment and compactor, mimicking the number of bin lifts and compacting, as if it were travelling on its normal route.
For the purposes of this test, they use the tipping/compacting function 500 times. The vehicles are then refuelled and the amount of fuel used is recorded.
The amount of fuel required to refuel the vehicles represents the amount of fuel used to power the auxiliary equipment for that test.
In this example, the amount of fuel used in the test is divided by 500 for each vehicle to work out fuel consumption per bin lift/compacting.
When calculating their fuel tax credits, TrashBGone works out the amount of fuel used to power the bin lifter and compactor below:
The average fuel consumption per bin lift/compacting multiplied by the number of bin lifts/compacting made during the tax period.
The total is multiplied by the 'All other business uses rate' to total the fuel tax credits for auxiliary equipment for these vehicles.End of example
For more information on apportioning fuel, see PCG 2016/8 Fuel Tax Credits – apportioning fuel for fuel tax credits which provides guidance on acceptable, practical methods for apportioning fuel .
To work out the fuel used either by the heavy vehicle or its auxiliary equipment, your testing methods need to account for variables that affect the fuel consumption, such as:
- the terrain the heavy vehicle travels over (steep or undulating roads affecting fuel consumption)
- travelling distance compared to the interval between use of the auxiliary equipment
- climatic conditions during transportation – including whether the cargo area is thermostatically controlled
- age and design of the auxiliary equipment
- servicing and maintenance of the auxiliary equipment or heavy vehicle
- weight and capacity of the cargo area
- the vehicle's cargo configuration – fully or partially insulated, curtain or solid construction, shipping container
- Australian standards or statutory requirements required for transported goods
- driver influence, for example conservative driving practices.
You can amend fuel tax credit claims for fuel used to power the auxiliary equipment of heavy vehicles travelling on public roads, if both the following apply:
- you claimed for liquid fuels using the rate 'in a heavy vehicle for travelling on public roads' that was reduced by the road user charge, or you didn't claim for gaseous fuels because the road user charge reduced your entitlement to nil
- the amendment is within the time limit – 4 years from the day after you needed to lodge the BAS for the tax period in which the fuel was acquired.
To work out the quantity of fuel used to power auxiliary equipment for each BAS period, you can use any apportionment method considered fair and reasonable for your circumstances.
Amending claims for liquid fuels used to power auxiliary equipment
- Step 1: Work out the quantity of fuel used to power the auxiliary equipment of the heavy vehicle travelling on public roads for each BAS period.
- Step 2: Multiply the quantity of fuel (from Step 1) by the fuel tax credit rate 'To power auxiliary equipment of a heavy vehicle travelling on public roads' for that period.
- Step 3: Multiply the quantity of fuel (from Step 1) by the fuel tax credit rate you originally used when calculating your fuel tax credits for each BAS period (rate reduced by the road user charge).
- Step 4: Work out the amount of your amendment for each BAS period as follows: Step 2 minus Step 3.
- Step 5: Add the amounts from each BAS period (from Step 4) to get the total amount of your amendment. Include your amendment at label 7D on your BAS.
Example: work out amendment amount for a BAS period
Paul's transport business supplies goods to stores in 12-tonne trucks with refrigerated trailers.
On 10 July 2021, Paul buys 10,000 litres of diesel for use in his trucks. When he originally worked out his fuel tax credits, he used the rate 16.3 cents per litre for the entire amount of fuel. This rate is reduced by the road user charge.
Paul works out 10% of that fuel was used to power the refrigeration unit. He can submit an amendment to claim back the road user charge on 10% of the fuel used in his trucks – 1,000 litres.
Paul refers to the rates table (see Fuel tax credits rates - business) and works out the amount of his amendment as follows:
Step 1: Paul has determined 1,000L was used to power the auxiliary equipment
Step 2: 1,000 L × $0.427 = $427.00 (this is the amount he should have claimed)
Step 3: 1,000 L × $0.163 = $163.00 (this is the amount he has already claimed)
Step 4: $427.00 − $163.00 = $264.00 (this is the additional amount he can claim)
Step 5: Paul adds the amount from Step 4 to his business activity statement at label 7D.End of example
For more information on correcting errors, see FTE 2013/1 Fuel Tax Act 2006 – Fuel Tax: Correcting Fuel Tax Errors Determination 2013.
If you're subcontracted to use heavy vehicles, and the contractor engages in the same activities – for example, concrete transport industry – you may be able to use the same apportionment amounts as the contractor.
You can do this if the contractor used a fair and reasonable method to determine the amount of fuel used in auxiliary equipment, and the circumstances under which you operate is substantially identical to the contractors.
This generally means you:
- work exclusively for the contractor
- own or lease the vehicle you use under the contract
- operate a vehicle of a similar type, size and age as those operated by the contractor
- perform journeys under the contract identical to those performed by the vehicles of the contractor
- operate your vehicle under the same conditions as the contractor’s vehicles.
If you operate in a similar industry to others, but don't meet the factors of a contractual arrangement detailed above, you'll need to establish your own apportionment of fuel using any method that is fair and reasonable in your circumstances.