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General guidance

Last updated 9 August 2023

Information to help rental property owners.

Owning and renting a property

Rental properties 2023 will help you, as an owner of rental property in Australia, determine:

  • which rental income is assessable for tax purposes
  • which expenses are allowable deductions
  • which records you need to keep
  • what you need to know when you sell your rental property.

Many, but not all, of the expenses associated with rental properties will be deductible. This guide explains:

  • how to apportion your expenses if only part of them are tax deductible
  • what expenses are not deductible
  • when you can claim those expenses that are deductible  
    • some you can claim in the tax return for the income year in which you spent the money
    • others must be claimed over a number of years (including decline in value of depreciating assets and capital works expenses).

The examples given in this publication featuring Mr and Mrs Hitchman are based on the assumption that the Hitchmans own their rental properties as joint tenants who are not carrying on a business of letting rental properties.

When you own a rental property, you may also need to know about:

  • capital gains tax (CGT)
  • general value shifting regime
  • goods and services tax (GST)
  • negative gearing
  • pay as you go (PAYG) instalments.

Tax and natural disasters

We have special arrangements for people affected by natural disasters such as a cyclone, flood or fire occurring during the income year. For more information, see Support in difficult times.

If your tax records were lost or destroyed, we can help you to reconstruct your tax records, and make reasonable estimates where necessary.

Phone our Emergency Support line and we can discuss the best way we can help you.

We can also:

  • fast track refunds
  • give you extra time to pay debts, without interest charges
  • give you more time to meet activity statement, income tax and other lodgment obligations, without penalties
  • help you if you are experiencing serious hardship.

Granny flat arrangements and CGT

A granny flat arrangement is a written agreement that gives an eligible person the right to occupy a property for life.

A granny flat arrangement is exempt from CGT if:

Other CGT events that are not related to a granny flat arrangement, or sit outside the arrangement, are subject to normal CGT rules. For example, the sale of a property that was used in a granny flat arrangement, which has since terminated, is subject to the normal CGT rules.

Is your rental property outside Australia?

If your property is located outside Australia, special rules apply to the deductibility of your rental property expenses.

For more information on foreign source income, see question 20 in the tax return instructions. If you are unsure of your obligations, contact your recognised tax adviser or us.

Get this publication

You can download this guide in portable document format or have a copy sent by email or post.

Go to Rental proprieties guide 2023 (PDF 1.11MB)This link opens in a new window in to get a copy.

Publications, legislation and services

When we refer to publications, legislation, services or webpages in this guide we will provide a link to where you can either:

  • get a copy of this information
  • access and read it online.

Continue to: Rental income or Rental expenses