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  • Illicit tobacco

    Engaging in the illicit tobacco trade significantly deprives the community of taxes that are required to fund essential community services.

    Illicit tobacco trade includes but is not limited to:

    • the unlicensed production of tobacco plant or leaf
    • the unlicensed manufacture of tobacco products.

    Illicit tobacco may include cigarettes, cigars, loose tobacco, and tobacco leaf and plant matter. Tobacco is illicit when it is:

    Find out about:

    Domestically grown tobacco

    It is illegal to grow tobacco in Australia without the appropriate excise licence. There have been no licenced tobacco growers or manufacturers in Australia since 2006.

    Involvement in domestic illicit tobacco production is a serious offence. This type of activity takes valuable government revenue from the community and places it in the hands of organised crime syndicates.

    In conjunction with our cross-agency partners, such as state and territory police, we manage the enforcement associated with domestically grown and manufactured illicit tobacco products.

    Signs that someone is growing tobacco

    Currently, a number of organised crime groups are targeting unsuspecting landowners, attempting to lease land to grow illicit tobacco.

    Signs that land is being used to grow, manufacture or produce illicit tobacco include:

    • intense labour production between September and June
    • an unexplained source of loose tobacco
    • unexplained use of water resources
    • an unexplained strong tobacco odour
    • large leaf plants that, depending on the size, may resemble kale, cabbage or corn and may have a pink flower growing on top
    • other suspicious activity.

    Next step:

    If you suspect that tobacco is being grown or manufactured in your community you can:

    • complete the tip-off form. The form is also available in the contact us section of the ATO app
    • phone 1800 060 062.

    Illicit Tobacco Taskforce

    On 1 July 2018, the Illicit Tobacco Taskforce (ITTF) was established as part of new reforms. It will enhance the ability of the ATO and partner agencies to protect Commonwealth revenue, by proactively targeting, disrupting and dismantling serious organised crime syndicates that deal in illicit tobacco.

    The taskforce draws on the expertise and advanced capabilities of the ATO, Australian Border Force, Department of Home Affairs, the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre, the Commonwealth Department of Public Prosecutions and law enforcement partners.

    Under the consolidated power of these government agencies, the taskforce will help in the fight against organised international and local criminals that operate multimillion dollar crime syndicates.

    Tobacco tax gap

    The tobacco tax gap is an estimate of how much tobacco excise and customs duty was actually collected versus what would have been collected if all taxpayers complied with the law.

    Estimates reveal that for the 2017–18 financial year, illicit tobacco cost the Australian community approximately $647 million in lost excise revenue. This equates to 5% of the amount of collectable tobacco excise.

    Tackling illicit tobacco

    We use a range of investigative and legislative approaches to disrupt illicit tobacco activity. These include:

    • gathering intelligence
    • conducting investigations
    • working with federal and state government agencies as part of investigations and intelligence sharing
    • identifying, seizing and destroying identified crops
    • collecting evidence as part of prosecution activity
    • using the Taxation Administration Act 1953, Excise Act 1901 and the Criminal Code Act 1995 to prosecute offenders.

    On 16 August 2018, the government passed the Treasury Laws Amendment (Illicit Tobacco Offences) BillExternal Link which creates a new tobacco offence regime. Penalties are set at a level to deter illegal activity, and illicit tobacco manufacturers or producers face up to 10 years imprisonment and significant monetary penalties if caught.

    We have achieved several significant outcomes relating to the disruption and deterrence of illicit tobacco, including custodial sentences of up to three years.

    Illicit tobacco enforcement – results to date

    Financial year

    Number of operations

    Number of seizures

    Amount seized and destroyed

    Estimated excise duty

    Number of convictions




    117,000 kg

    $90 m





    98,000 kg

    $90 m





    41,000 kg

    $42 m





    256,000 kg

    $222 m


    Note: You can confidentially report any suspicious behaviour to us or phone 1800 060 062.

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    Last modified: 29 Oct 2019QC 54675