Banking Act 1959
The Reserve Bank may, from time to time, by notice in writing, require each ADI to transfer to the Reserve Bank an amount of sterling equivalent to such proportion as is specified in the notice of that ADI ' s excess receipts of foreign currency as at the close of business on a date specified in the notice, not being more than 21 days before the date on which the notice is given. (2)
The proportion specified in a notice under subsection (1) shall be the same in respect of each ADI. (3)
Where, as at the close of business on a date specified in a notice under subsection (1), an ADI has not transferred an amount of sterling that it has been required to transfer in pursuance of any previous notice under that subsection, the excess receipts of foreign currency to which that amount of sterling is equivalent shall not, for the purpose of calculating the amount of sterling required to be transferred in pursuance of the first-mentioned notice, be taken into account as part of the excess receipts of foreign currency of that ADI. (4)
An ADI commits an offence if:
(a) the ADI receives a notice under subsection (1); and
(b) the ADI does not comply with the notice within:
(i) 7 days after receiving the notice; or
(ii) if a longer period for compliance is specified by the Reserve Bank - the period so specified.
(c) (Repealed by No 154 of 2007)
Penalty: 200 penalty units.
Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.
If a body corporate is convicted of an offence against this subsection, subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 allows a court to impose a fine of up to 5 times the penalty stated above.
An offence against subsection (4) is an indictable offence. (4B)
If an ADI does or fails to do an act in circumstances that give rise to the ADI committing an offence against subsection (4), the ADI commits an offence against that subsection in respect of:
(a) the first day on which the offence is committed; and
(b) each subsequent day (if any) on which the circumstances that gave rise to the ADI committing the offence continue (including the day of conviction for any such offence or any later day).
This subsection is not intended to imply that section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914 does not apply to offences against this Act or the regulations.(5)
An ADI shall be deemed to have complied with the requirements of a notice under subsection (1) if it transfers to the Reserve Bank an amount of sterling equivalent to the specified proportion of that ADI ' s excess receipts of foreign currency, as shown in that ADI ' s books of account, as at the close of business on the date in question. (6)
Where an ADI ' s assets outside Australia attributable to, or acquired by virtue of, its Australian business include foreign currency that is not freely convertible into sterling, the Reserve Bank shall make such adjustment in the amount of sterling required to be transferred by that bank to the Reserve Bank under this section as appears to the Reserve Bank to be necessary in the circumstances.