Business Names Registration Act 2011


Division 2 - Definitions  


Entity means any of the following:

(a)  an individual;

(b)  a body corporate;

(c)  a corporation sole;

(d)  a body politic;

(e)  a partnership;

(f)  any other unincorporated association or body of persons;

(g)  a trust;

(h)  a superannuation fund.


The term entity is used in a number of different but related senses. It covers all kinds of legal persons. It also covers groups of legal persons, and other things, that in practice are treated as having a separate identity in the same way as a legal person does.

Paragraph (1)(f) does not include a non-entity joint venture.

The trustee of a trust or of a superannuation fund is taken to be an entity consisting of the person who is the trustee, or the persons who are the trustees, at any given time.


This is because a right or obligation cannot be conferred or imposed on an entity that is not a legal person.

A legal person can have a number of different capacities in which the person does things. In each of those capacities, the person is taken to be a different entity .


In addition to his or her personal capacity, an individual may be:

  • (a) sole trustee of one or more trusts; and
  • (b) one of a number of trustees of a further trust.
  • In his or her personal capacity, he or she is one entity. As trustee of each trust, he or she is a different entity. The trustees of the further trust are a different entity again, of which the individual is a member.

    If a provision refers to an entity of a particular kind, it refers to the entity in its capacity as that kind of entity, not to that entity in any other capacity.


    A provision that refers to a company does not cover a company in a capacity as trustee, unless it also refers to a trustee.

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