INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936 (ARCHIVE)

PART IIIA - CAPITAL GAINS AND CAPITAL LOSSES  

Division 1 - Preliminary  

Subdivision B - Interpretation  

SECTION 160E   160E   ASSOCIATED PERSONS  
A reference in this Part to an associate of a taxpayer is a reference to:


(a) in the case of a taxpayer who is a natural person, other than a taxpayer in the capacity of a trustee:


(i) a relative of the taxpayer;

(ii) a partner of the taxpayer;

(iii) if a person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of subparagraph (ii) is a natural person - the spouse or a child of that person;

(iv) a trustee of a trust estate where the taxpayer or another person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph benefits or is capable (whether by the exercise of a power of appointment or otherwise) of benefiting under the trust, either directly or through any interposed companies or trusts; or

(v) a company where:

(A) the company is, or its directors are, accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the taxpayer, of another person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph, of a company that is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of another application of this subparagraph or of any two or more such persons; or

(B) the taxpayer is, the persons who are associates of the taxpayer by virtue of sub-subparagraph (A) of this subparagraph and the preceding subparagraphs of this paragraph are, or the taxpayer and the persons who are associates of the taxpayer by virtue of that sub-subparagraph and those subparagraphs are, in a position to cast, or control the casting of, more than 50% of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the company;


(b) in the case of a taxpayer being a company, other than a taxpayer in the capacity of a trustee:


(i) a partner of the taxpayer;

(ii) if a person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of subparagraph (i) is a natural person - the spouse or a child of that person;

(iii) a trustee of a trust estate where the taxpayer or another person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph benefits or is capable (whether by the exercise of a power of appointment or otherwise) of benefiting under the trust, either directly or through any interposed companies or trusts;

(iv) another person where:

(A) the taxpayer company is, or its directors are, accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of that person, or of that person and another person or other persons, whether those directions, instructions or wishes are communicated directly to the taxpayer company or its directors, or through any interposed companies, partnerships or trusts; or

(B) that person is, or that person and the persons who, if that person were the taxpayer, would be associates of that person by virtue of paragraph (a), by virtue of sub-subparagraph (A) of this subparagraph, by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph or by virtue of paragraph (c) are, in a position to cast, or control the casting of, more than 50% of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the taxpayer company;

(v) another company where:

(A) the other company is, or its directors are, accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the taxpayer company, of a person who is an associate of the taxpayer company by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph, of a company that is an associate of the taxpayer company by virtue of another application of this subparagraph or of any two or more such persons; or

(B) the taxpayer company is, the persons who are associates of the taxpayer company by virtue of sub-subparagraph (A) of this subparagraph and the other subparagraphs of this paragraph are, or the taxpayer company and the persons who are associates of the taxpayer company by virtue of that sub-subparagraph and those subparagraphs are, in a position to cast, or control the casting of, more than 50% of the maximum number of votes that might be cast at a general meeting of the other company; or

(vi) any other person who, if a third person who is an associate of the taxpayer company by virtue of subparagraph (iv) were the taxpayer, would be an associate of that third person by virtue of paragraph (a), by virtue of another subparagraph of this paragraph or by virtue of paragraph (c); or


(c) in the case of a taxpayer in the capacity of a trustee of a trust estate:


(i) any person who benefits or is capable (whether by the exercise of a power of appointment or otherwise) of benefiting under the trust estate, either directly or through any interposed companies or trusts;

(ii) where a person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of subparagraph (i) is a natural person - any person who, if that natural person were the taxpayer, would be an associate of that natural person by virtue of paragraph (a) or this paragraph; or

(iii) where a person who is an associate of the taxpayer by virtue of subparagraph (i) or (ii) is a company - any person who, if that company were the taxpayer, would be an associate of that company by virtue of paragraph (b) or this paragraph.


(d) (Omitted by No 48 of 1991)


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