AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
The Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI) has modified the application of this tax treaty. A synthesised text of the MLI and this tax treaty is available to facilitate the understanding of how the MLI modifies this tax treaty.
For the purposes of this Agreement, the term " resident of a Contracting State " means:
(a) in the case of Australia, a person who is a resident of Australia for the purposes of Australian tax; and
(b) in the case of Finland, a person who is liable under the laws of Finland to tax therein by reason of the person ' s domicile, residence, place of management, place of incorporation (registration) or any other criterion of a similar nature.
The Government of a Contracting State or a political subdivision, local authority or statutory authority of that State is also a resident of that State for the purposes of the Agreement.(2)
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Agreement if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State. (3)
Where by reason of the preceding provisions of this Article a person, being an individual, is a resident of both Contracting States, then the person ' s status shall be determined as follows:
(a) the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which a permanent home is available to that individual; but if a permanent home is available in both States, or in neither of them, that individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State with which the individual ' s personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
(b) if the State in which the centre of vital interests is situated cannot be determined, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which that individual is a national;
(c) if the individual is a national of both States, or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve the question by mutual agreement. (4)
Where an item of income, profits or gains derived by an individual is exempt from tax in a Contracting State by reason only of the status of that individual as a temporary resident under the applicable tax laws of that State, no relief shall be available under this Agreement in the other Contracting State in respect of that item of income, profits or gains. (5)
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which it is incorporated (registered).