Draft Taxation Determination
Income tax: capital gains: how do Parts 3-1, 3-3 and 3-5 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ('the 1997 Act') operate if all or part of a liquidator's distribution is deemed by subsection 47(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 ('the 1936 Act') to be a dividend paid out of profits and therefore assessable income of a shareholder under subsection 44(1) of the 1936 Act?
Please note that the PDF version is the authorised version of this ruling.This document has been finalised by TD 2001/27.
1. With one exception (see paragraph 3 of this Determination), the full amount of a distribution by a liquidator constitutes capital proceeds for the cancellation of the shareholder's shares for the purposes of subsection 104-25(3) and section 116-20 of the 1997 Act. CGT event C2 (about cancellation, surrender and similar endings of intangible assets) in section 104-25 of the 1997 Act happens when the shares end, that is, on their cancellation.
2. The apportionment rule in subsection 116-40(2) of the 1997 Act does not apply to restrict the capital proceeds for the cancellation of the shares to any portion of the distribution not assessed as a dividend.
3. The exception (referred to above) is an interim distribution by a liquidator (to the extent it is not a dividend) if the company is dissolved more than 18 months after payment of the distribution. In this case, CGT event G1 (about capital payments for shares) in section 104-135 of the 1997 Act applies to the interim distribution: see subsection 104-135(6) of the 1997 Act.
4. Subsection 118-20(1) of the 1997 Act ensures that a liquidator's distribution is not taxed both as a dividend and as a capital gain. For the purposes of that subsection, we regard any part of a distribution deemed by subsection 47(1) of the 1936 Act to be a dividend paid out of profits for the purposes of subsection 44(1) of the 1936 Act as having been included in the taxpayer's assessable income because of the cancellation of the shares. We consider that the distribution, the cancellation of the shares and the operation of subsection 47(1) of the 1936 Act are sufficiently connected for subsection 118-20(1) of the 1997 Act to ensure the same amount is not taxed as a dividend and as a capital gain.
5. Bill acquired 100 shares in XYZ Pty Ltd in 1987. The shares have a cost base of $10,000 at the time they are cancelled following the winding-up of the company. Bill receives a distribution on 1 July 1998 (the company is dissolved within 18 months of the distribution) of $18,000 of which $7,000 is deemed to be a dividend by subsection 47(1) of the 1936 Act. Bill's assessable capital gain is $1,000 (i.e., $8,000 [$18,000 - $10,000] less the amount of $7,000 assessed as a dividend under subsection 44(1) of the 1936 Act).
8. This Determination reflects changes in the law effected by Tax Law Improvement Act (No 1) 1998. One change aligns the treatment of interim liquidation distributions with that of final distributions if the company is dissolved within 18 months from the interim payment. The other change extends the anti-overlap provisions of 118-20(1) of the 1997 Act to ensure that a capital gain is reduced by an amount included in assessable income or exempt income if the amount would also have been taken into account in calculating the capital gain.
Date of effect
|Contact officer details have been removed following publication of the final ruling.|
Commissioner of Taxation
28 April 1999
Previously issued in draft form as TD 95/13
NO 94/8637-2; 98/6927-1
BO CGT Cell (CGDT Liq.5)
disposal of assets
ITAA97 Pt 3-1
ITAA97 Pt 3-3
ITAA97 Pt 3-5