Draft Taxation Determination
Income tax: capital gains: how is a distribution of the 'exempt' component of a capital gain attributable to goodwill treated for the purposes of:
- section 47 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 ('the 1936 Act'); and
- the capital gains provisions;
Please note that the PDF version is the authorised version of this draft ruling.This document has been finalised by TD 2001/14.
FOI status:Draft only - for comment
|Draft Taxation Determinations (DTDs) present the preliminary, though considered, views of the Australian Taxation Office. DTDs should not be relied on; only final Taxation Determinations represent authoritative statements by the Australian Taxation Office.|
|Draft Taxation Determinations (DTDs) present the preliminary, though considered, views of the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). DTDs may not be relied on; only final TDs are authoritative statements of the ATO.|
2. It is not income derived by the company according to ordinary concepts for the purposes of subsection 47(1) of the 1936 Act. Nor is it income derived by the company under the extended definition in subsection 47(1A) of the 1936 Act.
3. This 'exempt' component would not be included in the assessable income of the company under section 102-5 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ('the 1997 Act') for the purposes of subsection 47(1A) of the 1936 Act. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 47(1A)(b) of the 1936 Act, subsection 47(1A) does not disregard exempting provisions such as section 118-250 of the 1997 Act. Paragraph 47(1A)(b) of the 1936 Act requires that indexation and capital losses be disregarded in working out the amount of a net capital gain that is included as 'income derived by a company'.
4. For the capital gains provisions, the distribution of the 'exempt' component represents capital proceeds for the cancellation of the shares in the case of a final distribution or an interim distribution which is followed within 18 months by the dissolution of the company: see also Taxation Determination TD 98/D24. It is an amount to which CGT event G1 (about capital payments for shares) in section 104-135 of the 1997 Act applies in the case of other interim liquidations distributions in respect of post-CGT shares: see also Taxation Determination TD 98/D24.
5. A reference in this Determination to 'the "exempt" component', in relation to a capital gain attributable to goodwill, means that part of the capital gain which is disregarded by subsection 118-250(1) of the 1997 Act.
6. X Pty Ltd, a resident company, was incorporated and acquired a business after 19 September 1985. The business was acquired for $1,100,000, and of that amount its goodwill was acquired for $100,000. The business was sold and the goodwill disposed of for $200,000 in the 1998-99 year of income.
7. Assuming the cost base of the goodwill after indexation was $110,000, the company made a capital gain of $90,000 of which $45,000 was exempt under section 118-250. The company paid tax of $16,200 on the gain (i.e., 36% x $45,000).
10. Subsection 47(1), read with subsection 47(1A), deems a shareholder to have received a dividend to the extent that an amount would have been a capital gain to the company disregarding indexation and losses.
11. In this particular case, the capital gain to the company (disregarding indexation, as subsection 47(1A) requires) would have been $100,000. Fifty percent ($50,000) would have qualified for exemption under section 118-250. The balance of the distribution ($33800 - i.e. $50,000 less $16,200 tax paid) is deemed by subsection 47(1) to be a dividend.
12. If the distribution is a final distribution or an interim distribution followed within 18 months by the dissolution of the company, the full amount of $83,800 would represent capital proceeds for the cancellation of the shares and would need to be taken into account in calculating the extent of any capital gain or loss. Subsection 118-20(1)) would operate to ensure an appropriate reduction is made to any capital gain that would otherwise arise to the extent of the $33800 deemed dividend.
13. If the distribution is an interim distribution not followed within 18 months by the dissolution of the company, the application of section 104-135 would need to be considered in relation to the amount of the distribution that is not deemed to be a dividend (i.e. $50,000 [$83,800 - $33,800]).
15. This Determination implements a change in the law effected by Tax Law Improvement Act (No 1) 1998. This change aligns the treatment of interim liquidation distributions with that of final distributions if the company is dissolved within 18 months from the interim payment.
Date of effect
|Contact officer details have been removed following publication of the final ruling.|
Commissioner of Taxation
28 April 1999
NO 94/8637-2; 98/6927-1
disposal of assets
exemption of gains and losses