Draft Taxation Determination
Fringe benefits tax and income tax: is an organisation, whose activities are predominantly charitable in nature, always a 'public benevolent institution'?
Please note that the PDF version is the authorised version of this draft ruling.This document has been finalised by TD 93/11.
FOI status:draft only - for comment
|Draft Taxation Determinations (TDs) represent the preliminary, though considered, views of the ATO. Draft TDs may not be relied on; only final TDs are authoritative statements of the ATO.|
- has as its object, the relief of poverty, sickness, suffering, distress, misfortune, destitution or helplessness;
- is carried on without purpose of private gain for particular persons;
- is established for the benefit of a section or class of the public;
- the relief is available without discrimination to every member of that section of the public which the organisation aims to benefit; and
- the aid is given directly to those in need.
(See Perpetual Trustee Company Limited v F C of T (1931) 45 C L R 224; Australian Council for Overseas Aid v F C of T 80 ATC 4575, 11 ATR 343 and Australian Council of Social Services Inc & Anor v Commissioner of Pay-roll Tax (N S W) 85 ATC 4235, 16 ATR394).
4. The decision in The Commissioners for Special Purposes of the Income Tax v John Frederick Pemsel 1891 AC 531; 3 TC 53 is authority for the view that a charitable organisation must fall under one of the following heads:
- for the relief of poverty;
- for the advancement of education;
- for the advancement of religion; or
- for other purposes beneficial to the community and not falling under any of the preceding heads.
Therefore, an organisation whose activities are charitable is not a public benevolent institution unless it also meets, among other things, the definition in paragraph 3.
- An organisation which promotes the health of women is charitable. An organisation which provides medical facilities to disadvantaged women who otherwise do not have access to these facilities is benevolent.
- An organisation which educates the public about a particular disease is charitable. An organisation which educates and trains sufferers of the disease to overcome that disease or its effects is benevolent.
- An organisation which provides community or neighbourhood facilities for benevolent institutions is charitable. An organisation which provides the facilities directly to the community or neighbourhood disadvantaged is benevolent.
Commissioner of Taxation
public benevolent institution
Debits Tax Administration Act 1982 3(1)
First Schedule to the Sales Tax (Exemptions & Classifications) Act 81(1)(c)
Australian Council for Overseas Aid v F C of T
80 ATC 4575
11 ATR 343
Australian Council of Social Services Inc & Anor v Commissioner of Pay-roll Tax (N S W)
85 ATC 4235
16 ATR 394
Perpetual Trustee Company Limited v F C of T (1931)
45 CLR 224
The Commissioners for Special Purposes of the Income Tax v John Frederick Pemsel
1891 AC 531
3 TC 53