Draft Taxation Determination
Income tax: in 'Take or Pay' contracts, is income derived at the time of receipt/billing or when the product is delivered?
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FOI status:draft only - for comment
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2. A "Take or Pay" contract can be described as one where payments must be made whether or not the product is actually delivered. The obligation to pay is absolute and is not dependent on the buyer taking delivery of the goods.
3. Under a "Take or Pay" contract the buyer contracts to purchase an annual minimum quantity of product and where a shortfall occurs in the amount of product taken, an enforceable debt is created. The debt is billed and is due and payable under the terms of the contract.
"that a debt is derived if it is presently recoverable, in the sense that there is a present right to receive the amount that is both earned and quantified, without any contingency or defeasibility of that right."
A, the buyer contracts with B, the seller to purchase an annual minimum quantity of product G say 100,000 units. If in any year the buyer only takes delivery of 80,000 units, A is obligated to pay for the shortfall of 20,000 units. B bills A for the shortfall and the debt becomes due and payable under the terms of the contract.
Commissioner of Taxation
10 June 1993