AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Philippine Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME  

CHAPTER II - DEFINITIONS  

ARTICLE 3   General Definitions  

(1)  
In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires -


(a) the term " Australia " means the Commonwealth of Australia and, when used in a geographical sense, includes -


(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;

(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;

(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;

(v) the Coral Sea Islands Territory; and

(vi) any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia or of the said Territories in respect of which there is for the time being in force a law of Australia or of a State or part of Australia or of a Territory aforesaid dealing with the exploitation of any of the natural resources of the sea-bed and subsoil of the continental shelf;


(b) the term " Philippines " means the Republic of the Philippines and when used in a geographical sense means the national territory comprising the Republic of the Philippines;


(c) the terms " Contracting State " , " one of the Contracting States " and " other Contracting State " mean Australia or the Philippines, as the context requires;


(d) the term " person " means an individual, an estate, a trust, a company and any other body of persons;


(e) the term " company " means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a company or a body corporate for tax purposes;


(f) the terms " enterprise of one of the Contracting States " and " enterprise of the other Contracting State " mean an enterprise carried on by a resident of Australia or an enterprise carried on by a resident of the Philippines, as the context requires;


(g) the term " tax " means Australian tax or Philippine tax, as the context requires;


(h) the term " Australian tax " means tax imposed by Australia, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;


(i) the term " Philippine tax " means tax imposed by the Philippines, being tax to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2;


(j) the term " competent authority " means, in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or his authorized representative, and, in the case of the Philippines, the Minister of Finance or his authorized representative;


(k) the term " international traffic " , in relation to the operation of ships or aircraft by a resident of one of the Contracting States, means operations of ships or aircraft other than operations of ships or aircraft confined solely to places in the other Contracting State.

(2)  
In this Agreement, the terms " Australian tax " and " Philippine tax " do not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of either Contracting State relating to the taxes to which this Agreement applies by virtue of Article 2.

(3)  
For the purposes of this Agreement, the carriage of passengers, livestock, mail, goods or merchandise shipped in one of the Contracting States for discharge at another place in that State shall be treated as operations of ships or aircraft confined solely to places in that State.

(4)  
In the application of this Agreement by a Contracting State, any term not defined in this Agreement shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has under the laws of that Contracting State relating to the taxes to which this Agreement applies.




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