AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES
As amended by the Malaysian Protocol (No 1), the Malaysian Exchange of Letters,
the Malaysian Protocol (No 2) and the Malaysian Protocol (No 3)
The laws in force in each of the Contracting States shall continue to govern the taxation of income in that Contracting State except where provision to the contrary is made in this Agreement. Where income is subject to tax in both Contracting States, relief from double taxation shall be given in accordance with the following paragraphs. 2.
In the case of Malaysia, subject to the law of Malaysia regarding the allowance as a credit against Malaysian tax of tax payable in any country other than Malaysia, the amount of Australian tax payable under the law of Australia and in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, by a resident of Malaysia in respect of income from sources within Australia shall be allowed as a credit against Malaysian tax payable in respect of that income. Where such income is a dividend paid by a company which is a resident of Australia to a company which is a resident of Malaysia and which owns not less than 10 per cent of the voting shares of the company paying the dividend, the credit shall take into account Australian tax payable by that company in respect of its income out of which the dividend is paid. The credit shall not, however, exceed that part of the Malaysian tax, as computed before the credit is given which is appropriate to such item of income. 3.
(a) Subject to the provisions of the law of Australia from time to time in force which relate to the allowance of a credit against Australian tax of tax paid in a country outside Australia (which shall not affect the general principle hereof), Malaysian tax paid under the law of Malaysia and in accordance with this Agreement, whether directly or by deduction, in respect of income derived by a person who is a resident of Australia from sources in Malaysia shall be allowed as a credit against Australian tax payable in respect of that income.
(b) Where a company which is a resident of Malaysia and is not a resident of Australia for the purposes of Australian tax pays a dividend to a company which is a resident of Australia and which controls directly or indirectly not less than 10 per cent of the voting power of the first-mentioned company, the credit referred to in subparagraph (a) shall include the Malaysian tax paid by that first-mentioned company in respect of that portion of its profits out of which the dividend is paid. 4.
For the purposes of paragraph 5, the term " Malaysian tax forgone " means an amount which, under the laws of Malaysia and in accordance with this Agreement, would have been payable as Malaysian tax on income had that income not been exempted either wholly or partly from Malaysian tax in accordance with Schedules 7A and 7B of the Income Tax Act 1967 of Malaysia or sections 22, 23, 29, 29A, 29B, 29C, 29D, 29E, 29F, 29G, 29H, 31E, 35, 37 and 41B of the Promotion of Investments Act 1986 of Malaysia and section 45 of that Act to the extent that it relates to sections 21, 22, 26, or 30Q of the Investment Incentives Act 1968, so far as the sections were in force on, and have not been modified since, the date of signature of the Protocol second amending the Agreement or have been modified only in minor respects so as not to affect their general character. 5.
Notwithstanding the operation of paragraph 4, Malaysian tax forgone shall not be deemed to have been paid in respect of income derived from:
(a) banking, insurance, consulting, accounting, auditing or similar services; or
(b) the operation of ships or aircraft, other than ships or aircraft operated principally from places in Malaysia and used solely in carrying on a business in Malaysia; or
(c) any scheme entered into by an Australian resident with the purpose of using Malaysia as a conduit for income or as a location of property in order to evade or avoid Australian tax through the exploitation of the Australian foreign tax credit provisions or to confer a benefit on a person who is neither a resident of Australia, nor of Malaysia. 6.
For the purposes of subparagraph (a) or (b) of paragraph 3, Malaysian tax forgone which answers the description in paragraph 4 and is not of a type referred to in paragraph 5 shall be deemed to be Malaysian tax paid. 7.
Paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 shall not apply in relation to income derived in any year of income after the year of income that ends on 30 June 2003. 8.
If in an Agreement for the avoidance of double taxation that is subsequently made between Australia and a third State, Australia should agree -
(a) in relation to dividends that are derived by a company which is a resident of Australia from a company which is a resident of the third State, to give credit for tax paid on the profits out of which the dividends are paid on the basis of a test of beneficial ownership by the first-mentioned company of less than 10 per cent of the paid-up share capital of the second-mentioned company; or
(b) to give relief from Australian tax of the kind that is provided for in relation to Malaysia in paragraphs 4 and 6, on a basis that, other than in minor respects, is more favourable in relation to the third State than that so provided for,
the Government of Australia shall immediately inform the Government of Malaysia and shall enter into negotiations with the Government of Malaysia with a view to providing treatment in relation to Malaysia comparable with that provided in relation to that third State.9.
Where gains derived by a resident of Australia are subject to real property gains tax in Malaysia, that tax shall, for the purposes of subparagraph 3(a), be deemed to be Malaysian tax.