AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Chinese Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE ' S REPUBLIC OF CHINA FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME  

ARTICLE 4   Resident  

1.  
For the purpose of this Agreement, the term " resident " , in relation to a Contracting State, means a person who is fully liable to tax therein by reason of being a resident of that State under the tax law of that State.

2.  
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Agreement if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State.

3.  
Where by reason of the preceding provisions of this Article a person, being an individual, is a resident of both Contracting States, then the status of the person shall be determined in accordance with the following rules:


(a) the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which a permanent home is available to the person;


(b) if a permanent home is available to the person in both Contracting States, or in neither of them, the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State with which the person ' s economic and personal relations are the closer.

4.  
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident solely of the Contracting State in which its place of effective management or head office is situated. However, where such a person has its place of effective management in a Contracting State and its head office in the other Contracting State, the person shall be deemed to be a resident solely of that other State.

5.  
If a company has become a resident of a Contracting State for the principal purpose of enjoying benefits under this Agreement, that company shall not be entitled to any of the benefits of Articles 10, 11 and 12.

6.  
Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) a company is a resident of Australia and, under a tax agreement between China and a third country, is also a resident of that third country, the company shall not be considered to be a resident of Australia for the purposes of enjoying benefits under this Agreement.




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