AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Turkish Convention  

CONVENTION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY FOR THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION  

ARTICLE 3   General Definitions  

1.  
For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:


(a) the term " Australia " , when used in a geographical sense, excludes all external territories other than:


(i) the Territory of Norfolk Island;

(ii) the Territory of Christmas Island;

(iii) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

(iv) the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands;

(v) the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands; and

(vi) the Coral Sea Islands Territory,

and includes any area adjacent to the territorial limits of Australia (including the Territories specified in this subparagraph) in respect of which there is for the time being in force, consistently with international law, a law of Australia dealing with the exploration for or exploitation of any of the natural resources of the seabed and subsoil of the continental shelf;


(b) the term " Turkey " means the Turkish territory, as well as the (maritime) areas over which it has jurisdiction or sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting the natural resources of the seabed and subsoil of the continental shelf in accordance with international law;


(c) the term " Australian tax " means tax imposed by Australia, being tax to which this Convention applies by virtue of paragraphs 1 or 2 of Article 2, but does not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of Australia relating to its tax;


(d) the term " Turkish tax " means tax imposed by Turkey, being tax to which this Convention applies by virtue of paragraphs 1 or 2 of Article 2, but does not include any penalty or interest imposed under the law of Turkey relating to its tax;


(e) the term " company " means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a company or body corporate for tax purposes;


(f) the term " competent authority " means, in the case of Australia, the Commissioner of Taxation or an authorised representative of the Commissioner and, in the case of Turkey, the Minister of Finance or an authorised representative of the Minister;


(g) the terms " a Contracting State " and " other Contracting State " mean Australia or Turkey, as the context requires;


(h) the terms " enterprise of a Contracting State " and " enterprise of the other Contracting State " mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;


(i) the term " international traffic " means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely from a place or between places in the other Contracting State;


(j) the term " Turkish company " means a company which, under the law of Turkey relating to Turkish tax, is a resident of Turkey, and which is not, under the law of Australia relating to Australian tax, a resident of Australia;


(k) the term " Australian company " means a company which, under the law of Australia relating to Australian tax, is a resident of Australia, and which is not, under the law of Turkey relating to Turkish tax, a resident of Turkey;


(l) the term " national " , in relation to a Contracting State, means:


(i) any individual possessing nationality or citizenship of that Contracting State; and

(ii) any company or legal person deriving its status as such from the laws in force in that Contracting State;


(m) the term " person " includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons.

2.  
As regards the application of the Convention by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has at that time under the law of that State concerning the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax law of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other law of that State.




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