AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

Marshall Islands Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS FOR THE ALLOCATION OF TAXING RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN INCOME OF INDIVIDUALS AND TO ESTABLISH A MUTUAL AGREEMENT PROCEDURE IN RESPECT OF TRANSFER PRICING ADJUSTMENTS  

ARTICLE 4   Resident  

1  
For the purposes of this Agreement, the term " resident of a Contracting State " means:


(a) in the case of Australia, a person who is a resident of Australia for the purposes of Australian tax; and


(b) in the case of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a person who is a resident of Marshall Islands for the purposes of Marshall Islands Tax; and

2  
A person is not a resident of a Contracting State for the purposes of this Agreement if the person is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State or, in the case of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, is not subject to the most comprehensive taxation provided under the national tax laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands.

3  
Where by reason of the preceding provisions of this Article a person, being an individual, is a resident of both Contracting States, then the person ' s status shall be determined as follows:


(a) the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which a permanent home is available to that individual; if a permanent home is available in both States, or in neither of them, that individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State with which the individual ' s personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);


(b) if the State in which the individual has their centre of vital interests cannot be determined, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State of which the individual is a national;


(c) if the individual is a national of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve the question by mutual agreement.

4  
Where, by reason of paragraph 1, a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which its place of effective management is situated.




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