AUSTRALIAN TAX TREATIES

German Agreement  

AGREEMENT BETWEEN AUSTRALIA AND THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF DOUBLE TAXATION WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME AND ON CAPITAL AND THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION AND AVOIDANCE  

ARTICLE 10   Dividends  

1  
Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2  
However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed:


(a) 5 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends, if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a company (other than a partnership) which holds directly at least 10 per cent of the voting power of the company paying the dividends throughout a 6 month period that includes the day of payment of the dividend;


(b) 15 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends in all other cases.

In the case of dividends paid by a German Real Estate Aktiengesellschaft with listed share capital, only subparagraph (b) applies. This paragraph shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.

3  
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 , dividends shall not be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a company (other than a partnership) that is a resident of the other Contracting State that has held directly shares representing 80 per cent or more of the voting power of the company paying the dividends for a 12 month period ending on the date the dividend is declared and the company that is the beneficial owner of the dividends:


(a) has its principal class of shares listed on a recognised stock exchange specified in sub-subparagraph 1(m)(i) or (ii) of Article 3 and regularly traded on one or more recognised stock exchanges;


(b) is owned directly or indirectly by one or more companies (provided that where the beneficial owner company is so owned indirectly, each intermediate company is a resident of a Contracting State or a company referred to in sub-subparagraph (ii)):


(i) whose principal class of shares is listed on a recognised stock exchange specified in sub-subparagraph 1(m)(i) or (ii) of Article 3 and regularly traded on one or more recognised stock exchanges; or

(ii) each of which, if it directly held the shares in respect of which the dividends are paid, would be entitled to equivalent benefits in respect of such dividends under a tax treaty between the State of which that company is a resident and the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident; or


(c) does not meet the requirements of subparagraphs (a) or (b) of this paragraph but the competent authority of the first-mentioned Contracting State determines that the conditions of paragraph 2 of Article 23 are not met. The competent authority of the first-mentioned Contracting State shall consult the competent authority of the other Contracting State before refusing to grant benefits of this Agreement under this subparagraph.

4  
The term " dividends " as used in this Article means income from shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as other amounts which are subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the laws of the Contracting State of which the company making the distribution is a resident for the purposes of its tax, and shall include, in the case of the Federal Republic of Germany, distributions on certificates of a German collective investment vehicle.

5  
The provisions of paragraphs 1 , 2 and 3 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident, through a permanent establishment situated therein and the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment. In such case the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.

6  
Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company - being dividends beneficially owned by a person who is not a resident of the other Contracting State - except insofar as the holding in respect of which such dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment situated in that other State, nor subject the company ' s undistributed profits to a tax on the company ' s undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits or income arising in such other State.

7  
Notwithstanding paragraph 6 , dividends paid by a company that is deemed to be a resident only of one Contracting State pursuant to paragraph 3 of Article 4 may be taxed in the other Contracting State, but only to the extent that the underlying profits arising in that State out of which the dividends are paid are not subject to tax at the corporate level. Where such dividends are beneficially owned by a resident of the first-mentioned State, paragraph 2 of this Article shall apply as if the company paying the dividends were a resident only of the other State.




This information is provided by CCH Australia Limited Link opens in new window. View the disclaimer and notice of copyright.