SALES TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1992 [Repealed]

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY

SECTION 1 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SHORT TITLE  

This Act may be cited as the Sales Tax Assessment Act 1992.

SECTION 2 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMENCEMENT  

This Act commences on the 28th day after the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

SECTION 3 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   HOW THE SALES TAX LAW APPLIES TO THINGS OUTSIDE AUSTRALIA AND THINGS HAPPENING BEFORE COMMENCEMENT  

3(1)  [Application outside Australia]  

The sales tax law extends to acts, omissions, matters and things outside Australia (except where a contrary intention appears).

3(2)  [Law applies before and after commencement]  

The sales tax law applies to acts and omissions happening before or after the commencement of this Act (except where there is an express statement to the contrary).

SECTION 4 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   STATES AND TERRITORIES ARE BOUND BY THE SALES TAX LAW  

The sales tax law binds the Crown in right of each of the States, of the Australian Capital Territory and of the Northern Territory. However, it does not make the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

PART 2 - GENERAL DEFINITIONS

SECTION 5 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GENERAL DEFINITIONS  

In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

``accompanied baggage'' , in relation to the export of goods, means goods that are exported on a flight or voyage on which the owner of the goods is a passenger;

``accredited'' has the meaning given by Division 2 of Part 7A.

``AD1a'' means the assessable dealing of that name in Table 1, and AD1b, AD2a etc. have corresponding meanings;

``airport shop goods'' has the same meaning as in the Customs Act;

``always-exempt goods'' means assessable goods that are covered by an exemption Item that has effect no matter how, or by whom, the goods are dealt with;

``always-exempt person'' means a person whose use of goods of whatever kind is always covered by an exemption Item, regardless of the way in which the goods are used by the person.For the purposes of this definition, it is to be assumed that the following provisions of Schedule 1 to the Exemptions and Classifications Act had not been enacted:

(a)  subitem 64(2);

(b)  subitem 126(2A);

(c)  subitem 126A(2);

(d)  subitem 127(1A);

(e)  subitem 128(2);

(f)  subitem 130(2).

``AOU'' means application to own use;

``application to own use'' , in relation to goods, includes any of the following:

(a)  consuming the goods;

(b)  giving the goods away, or transferring property in the goods under a contract that is not a contract of sale;

(c)  granting a lease of the goods, or granting any other right or permission to use the goods;

(d)  using the goods as materials in manufacture, construction, repair, renovation or other treatment or processing, whether or not it relates to or results in other goods;

(e)  doing anything with the goods that results in the goods becoming a container for other property;

(f)  if a person other than the owner has locally entered the goods anything done by the person that would be an application to own use of the goods by the owner if it had been done by the owner;

but does not include:

(g)  selling the goods or consigning them for sale by consignment;

(h)  if the goods are imported goods - anything done with them after importation and before they are locally entered;

(i)  if a person processes or treats any exposed photographic or cinematograph film for another person ( ``the customer'' ) so as to produce a negative, transparency or film strip - anything done with the negative, transparency or film strip before it is delivered to the customer;

``application to own use in Australia'' , in relation to goods, means an application to own use that happens while the goods are in Australia;

``assessable dealing'' means any dealing covered by Table 1;

``assessable goods'' means Australian goods or imported goods, but does not include Australian-used goods;

``assessment'' means an assessment under Division 1 of Part 10 or under section 93A or 99;

``Australia'' does not include:

(a)  the Territory of Christmas Island;

(b)  the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands;

and has a meaning affected by section 6;

``Australian goods'' means goods that have been manufactured in Australia, but does not include imported goods;

``Australian-used goods'' means:

(a)  goods that have been applied to a person's own use in Australia (whether the goods are Australian goods or imported goods); or

(b)  imported goods that were a container at the time of importation;

but has a meaning affected by sections 9, 9A, 10 and 10A;

``authorisation'' has the meaning given by Division 3 of Part 7A.

``authorised officer'' , when used in a particular provision of this Act, means a person authorised by the Commissioner to exercise powers or perform functions under that provision;

``borne tax'' has the meaning given by section 11;

``Commissioner'' means the Commissioner of Taxation;

``company'' includes any body or association (whether or not it is incorporated), but does not include a partnership;

``computer program'' has the same meaning as in the Copyright Act 1968;

``container'' means:

(a)  packaging in which, or with which, any property ( ``the contents'' ) is packed or secured, in the ordinary course of a business, for the purpose of the marketing or delivery of the contents;

(b)  ancillary items that are packed or secured with the contents and are intended, and reasonably necessary, to allow or facilitate the use of the contents;

``CR1'' means the credit ground of that name in Table 3, and CR2, CR3 etc. have corresponding meanings;

``credit'' means a credit under Part 4;

``Customs Act'' means the Customs Act 1901;

``customs clearance area'' means an area that is designated or set aside for the performance of functions under the Customs Act;

``customs dealing'' means AD4b, AD10 or AD14b;

``customs duty'' means any duty of customs imposed by that name under a law of the Commonwealth;

``Customs Tariff'' means the Customs Tariff Act 1995 as amended by any Act, and as proposed to be amended by Customs Tariff Proposals introduced into the House of Representatives;

``delivery of customer's materials goods'' has the meaning given by section 22;

``Deputy Commissioner'' means a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation;

``duplicate'' , in relation to a computer program, means:

(a)  to copy or reproduce the program (with or without related information) so as to embody the program in goods; or

(b)  to convert the computer program to another language so as to embody the program in goods;

``duplicate'' , in relation to visual images or sounds, means to copy or reproduce the images or sounds soas to embody them in goods;

``eligible Australian traveller'' means a person defined to be an eligible Australian traveller by regulations made for the purposes of this definition;

``eligible foreign traveller'' means a person defined to be an eligible foreign traveller by regulations made for the purposes of this definition;

``eligible long-term lease'' means a lease of goods that meets all the following conditions:

(a)  the term of the lease is at least as long as the statutory period;

(b)  at or before the time of the grant of the lease, the lessor has been given evidence, in a form approved by the Commissioner, of the intention of the lessee or a sub-lessee to use the goods, during the whole of the statutory period, so as to satisfy an exemption Item;

(c)  no part of any tax borne by the lessor on the goods before the grant has been passed on by the lessor to any person;

``eligible repair goods'' has the meaning given by section 15C;

``eligible short-term lease'' has the meaning given by section 15A;

``embodied'' has the meaning given by section 13;

``excise duty'' means any duty of excise imposed by that name under a law of the Commonwealth;

``exemption declaration'' means a statement or declaration for the purposes of any provision of the sales tax law that refers to quoting an exemption declaration;

``exemption Item'' means an Item or subitem in Schedule 1 to the Exemptions and Classifications Act;

``exemption [R] Item'' means an exemption Item that is marked [R];

``Exemptions and Classifications Act'' means the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992;

``export'' , in relation to goods, means export the goods from Australia, but:

(a)  has a meaning affected by section 6;

(b)  in relation to an eligible Australian traveller, includes taking the goods out of Australia as accompanied baggage;

(c)  in relation to Australian-used goods, includes taking or sending the goods out of Australia for alteration, repair, renovation or upgrading;

``export alteration goods'' has the meaning given by section 15D;

``first taxing day'' means the first day of the 4th month after the month of the year in which this Act receives the Royal Assent;

``general interest charge'' means the charge worked out under Division 1 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

``goods'' means any form of tangible personal property, but:

(a)  does not include property that is sold as second-hand and is manufactured exclusively or principally from goods that:

(i) were already Australian-used goods before the manufacture began; and
(ii) in their condition as parts of the property so manufactured, retain their character as Australian-used goods; and

(b)  has a meaning affected by section 12;

``goods for use as part of a car remuneration package'' has the meaning given by section 15E;

``import'' means import into Australia, but has a meaning affected by section 6;

``imported goods'' means goods that have been imported (whether or not the goods were manufactured in Australia);

``increase'' includes increase from nil;

``increased duty alcoholic goods'' has the meaning given by section 23A.

``indirect marketing sale'' has the meaning given by section 20;

``inwards duty free shop'' has the same meaning as in section 96B of the Customs Act;

``late-payment penalty'' means the general interest charge under section 68;

``lease'' , in relation to goods, means a lease by the owner of the goods and includes the letting or hiring of the goods under a hire-purchase agreement;

``lease AOU'' means an application to own use that consists of granting a lease;

``liquidator'' means a person who is required by law to carry out the winding-up of a company (whether or not the person has been appointed as a liquidator);

``local entry'' has the meaning given by section 23;

``locally enter goods under quote'' has the meaning given by section 15;

``manufacture'' includes:

(a)  production;

(b)  combining parts or ingredients so as to form an article or substance that is commercially distinct from the parts or ingredients;

(c)  applying a treatment to foodstuffs as a process in preparing them for human consumption;

(d)  processing or treating exposed photographic film or cinematograph film so as to produce a negative, transparency or film strip;

(e)  duplicating a computer program;

(f)  duplicating visual images or sounds, or both;

but does not include:

(g)  any action or process by which goods come into existence incidentally to the performance of work whose essential character is the performance of skilled services and not the bringing into existence of goods for the essential object of selling the goods or applying them to own use;

(h)  the duplication of a computer program by a person ( ``the duplicator'' ) if:

(i) the duplication results in a tax-advantaged computer program that is embodied in goods that are to be for retail sale by the duplicator; and
(ii) the duplicator did not manufacture the goods in which the program was to be embodied, and tax had become payable (either by the duplicator or someone else) on those goods sometime before the duplication;

(i)  any prescribed combination of parts or ingredients;

``manufacturer'' , in relation to particular goods, means the person who (not as an employee) manufactured the goods, whether or not the person owned the materials out of which the goods were manufactured;

``monthly remitter'' has the meaning given by section 62;

``motor vehicle depreciation limit'' means the motor vehicle depreciation limit that applies under section 57AF of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the car depreciation limit that applies under Division 42 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997;

``non-lease AOU'' means an application to own use that does not consist of the granting of a lease;

``obtain goods under quote'' has the meaning given by section 15;

``packing AOU'' means an AOU that consists of doing something with goods that results in the goods becoming a container for other property;

``Part 7A goods'' has the meaning given by section 91C.

``passed on'' , in relation to an amount of tax that has been borne by a person, does not include an amount that the person has passed on to another person, but has later refunded to that other person;

[``permanent media''] (Omitted by No 150 of 1992)

[``permanent microchip''] (Omitted by No 94 of 1995)

``person'' means any of the following:

(a)  a company;

(b)  a partnership;

(c)  a person in a particular capacity of trustee;

(d)  a body politic;

(e)  any other person;

``prescribed rules for export sales'' means the rules prescribed by the regulations setting out conditions that must be complied with in order for dealings with goods to be exempted, or otherwise relieved from sales tax, on the basis of the export, or intended export, of the goods;

``purchase goods under quote'' has the meaning given by section 15;

``quarterly remitter'' has the meaning given by section 62;

``quote'' means quote a registration number or exemption declaration;

``raw materials'' has the meaning given by section 7;

``reduce'' includes reduce to nil;

``registered person'' means a person who is registered under Part 6;

``registration number'' means the number allocated by the Commissioner in respect of a registration under this Act;

``relevant traveller'' has the same meaning as in section 96B of the Customs Act;

``retail sale'' means any sale that is not a wholesale sale;

``sale'' includes barter or exchange;

``sales tax'' or means tax that is payable under this Act and imposed as sales tax by another Act;

``sales tax law'' means:

(a)  this Act and the regulations under this Act;

(b)  the Exemptions and Classifications Act;

(c)  any Act that imposes any of the tax payable under this Act;

(d)  the Sales Tax Amendment (Transitional) Act 1992;

(e)  the Taxation Administration Act 1953, so far as it relates to the Acts covered by paragraphs (a) to (d);

(f)  any other Act, so far as it relates to any Act covered by paragraphs (a) to (e);

(g)  regulations under an Act other than this Act, so far as the regulations relate to any Act covered by paragraphs (b) to (f);

For the purposes of this definition, a reference to an Act includes a reference to part of an Act, and a reference to an Act covered by a paragraph of this definition is a reference to that Act so far as it is covered by that paragraph;

``sales tax quarter'' means a period of 3 months ending on 31 July, 31 October, 31 January or 30 April;

``Second Commissioner'' means a Second Commissioner of Taxation;

``statutory period'' , in relation to goods, means the period that starts at the time when the goods are first applied to a person's own use in Australia and ends at the earliest of the following times:

(a)  the end of 2 years after the time of that first application to own use;

(b)  the time when the goods are no longer reasonably capable of being used for the purpose for which goods of that kind are ordinarily used;

(c)  a time that the Commissioner considers to be appropriate in special circumstances;

``Table 1'', means the table of that number in Schedule 1;

``taxable dealing'' means an assessable dealing that happens on or after the first taxing day and for which no exemption is available under Division 2 of Part 3;

``taxable value'' means the taxable value that applies under Division 3 of Part 3;

``tax-advantaged computer program'' has the meaning given by section 14;

``tax-bearing dealing'' , in relation to an amount of tax borne by a person, means the dealing through which, or because of which, the tax was borne;

``tax borne'' has the meaning given by section 11;

``tax file number'' has the meaning given by section 202A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

``taxpayer'' means:

(a)  a person who is, has been or may be liable to tax;

(b)  a person who is or has been the claimant for a credit;

[``temporary media''] (Omitted by No 150 of 1992)

``tradex order'' has the meaning given by section 4 of the Tradex Scheme Act 1999.

``tradex scheme goods'' means imported goods that:

(a)  are nominated goods (within the meaning of the Tradex Scheme Act 1999) in relation to a tradex order; and

(b)  were covered by exemption Item 185A at the time of their local entry.

However, the goods cease to be tradex scheme goods if:

(c)  any of the circumstances referred to in subsection 21(1) of that Act occur in respect of any of the goods; or

(d)  the goods are exported.

``trustee'' includes any of the following:

(a)  a person appointed or constituted as trustee by act of parties, by order or declaration of a court, or by operation of law;

(b)  an executor, administrator or other personal representative of a deceased person;

(c)  a guardian or committee;

(d)  a receiver, or a receiver and manager;

(e)  an official manager of a company or a liquidator of a company;

(ea)  an administrator, within the meaning of the Corporations Law, of a company;

(eb)  an administrator of a deed of company arrangement executed by a company under Part 5.3A of that Law; or

(f)  a person who has the administration or control of any property that is affected by any express or implied trust;

(g)  a person who is acting in any fiduciary capacity;

(h)  a person who has the possession, control or management of any property of another person who is under any legal or other disability;

``wholesale sale'' means a sale to a person who purchases for the purpose of resale, but does not include:

(a)  a sale of goods from stock in a retail store (or retail section of a store) to make up for a temporary shortage of stock of the purchaser, if the goods are of a kind that are usually manufactured by the purchaser or are usually purchased by the purchaser for resale;

(b)  a sale of schoolrequisites or sporting equipment to a teacher or school authority, for resale to students;

(c)  a sale of sporting equipment to a club for resale to members of the club.

SECTION 6 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS: MODIFIED MEANING OF ``AUSTRALIA'', ``EXPORT'' AND ``IMPORT''  

6(1)  [Installation taken to be part of Australia]  

An installation (within the meaning of the Customs Act) that is deemed by section 5C of the Customs Act to be part of Australia is also taken to be part of Australia for the purposes of the sales tax law.

6(2)  [Deemed time of importation of goods]  

Goods (within the meaning of the Customs Act) that are deemed by section 49B of the Customs Act to be imported at a particular time are also taken to be imported at that time for the purposes of the sales tax law.

6(3)  [Deemed time of exportation of goods]  

Goods (within the meaning of the Customs Act) that are deemed by section 126A or 126B of the Customs Act to be exported at a particular time are also taken to be exported at that time for the purposes of the sales tax law.

SECTION 7 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   USE OF GOODS AS RAW MATERIALS IN MANUFACTURING GOODS, OR IN CONSTRUCTING OR REPAIRING PROPERTY  

7(1)  [Raw materials in manufacture]  

Goods ( ``the materials'' ) are taken to be used as raw materials in manufacturing other goods if, and only if, the materials are dealt with in such a way in manufacturing the other goods that the materials, or some essential element of the materials, become an integral part of the other goods.

7(2)  [Raw materials in construction or repair]  

Goods are taken to be used as raw materials in constructing or repairing property if, and only if, the goods are dealt with in such a way in constructing or repairing the property that the goods, or some essential element of the goods, become an integral part of the property.

SECTION 8 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MANUFACTURE OF CERTAIN GOODS TREATED AS HAPPENING IN THE COURSE OF A BUSINESS  

8(1)  [Manufacture deemed in the course of a business]  

In certain circumstances, the manufacture of goods ( ``the current goods'' ) is treated as having happened in the course of a business even though it did not.

8(2)  [Application]  

This treatment applies if all the following conditions are met:

(a)  the current goods were manufactured on premises that had been sold, leased or otherwise made available to the manufacturer under an agreement entered into for the purpose, or for purposes that included the purpose, of bringing about the manufacture of the current goods;

(b)  when the current goods were manufactured, the premises were ordinarily used by any person in the course of carrying on a business in the ordinary course of which goods identical in all material respects with the current goods could reasonably be expected to be manufactured;

(c)  more than half of the labour used in the manufacture of the current goods was paid labour.

8(3)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``paid labour'' does not include labour provided by the manufacturer;

``premises'' includes land or a building or part of a building.

SECTION 9 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GOODS SENT OVERSEAS FOR ALTERATION: AFFECTS MEANING OF ``AUSTRALIAN-USED GOODS''  

9(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  Australian-used goods have been exported for alteration; and

(b)  the goods are later imported, after having been altered outside Australia.

9(2)  [Goods not taken to be ``Australian-used goods'']  

In applying the sales tax law at or after the time of that importation, the goods are not taken to be Australian-used goods only because of an AOU of the goods that happened before they were taken or sent outside Australia for alteration.

9(3)  [``alteration'']  

In this section:

``alteration'' includes repair, renovation or upgrading.

SECTION 9A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  EXPORT ALTERATION GOODS: AFFECTS MEANING OF ``AUSTRALIAN-USED GOODS''  

9A(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to Australian-used goods if:

(a)  the export of the goods gave rise to a CR23 credit in relation to the goods or goods that became an integral part of the goods; and

(b)  the goods are later imported.

9A(2)  [Goods not taken to be ``Australian-used goods'']  

In applying the sales tax law at or after the time of the importation, the goods are not taken to be Australian-used goods only because of an AOU of the goods that happened before they were exported as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a).

SECTION 9B [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  GOODS TEMPORARILY IMPORTED: AFFECTS MEANING OF ``AUSTRALIAN-USED GOODS''  

9B(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  Australian-used goods that were the subject of a dealing covered by section 51A have been exported; and

(b)  the goods are later imported.

9B(2)  [Goods not taken to be ``Australian-used goods'']  

In applying the sales tax law at or after the time of the importation, the goods are not taken to be Australian-used goods only because of an AOU of the goods that happened before they were exported as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a).

SECTION 10 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LEASED GOODS EXPORTED BEFORE BEING USED: AFFECTS MEANING OF ``AUSTRALIAN-USED GOODS''  

10(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to particular goods if:

(a)  the first AOU in Australia of the goods consists of granting a lease of the goods; and

(b)  the intended export or actual export of the goods after the grant had either of the following results:

(i) the grant of the lease was exempted by section 32; or
(ii) the lessor became entitled to a credit under CR19; and

(c)  the goods are later imported (after having been exported).

10(2)  [Goods not taken to be ``Australian-used goods'']  

In applying the sales tax law at or after the time of that importation, the goods are not taken to be Australian-used goods only because of the AOU referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

SECTION 10A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  TRADEX SCHEME GOODS: AFFECTS MEANING OF AUSTRALIAN-USED GOODS  

10A(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to goods if they were tradex scheme goods and are no longer tradex scheme goods.

10A(2)  [Goods not taken to be ``Australian-used goods'']  

In applying the sales tax law at or after the time such a circumstance occurs, or the goods are exported, the goods are not taken to be Australian-used goods only because of an AOU of the goods that happened during the period:

(a)  starting when the goods became tradex scheme goods; and

(b)  ending when the goods ceased to be tradex scheme goods.

SECTION 11 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MEANING OF ``BORNE TAX'' AND ``TAX BORNE''  

11(1)  [Three situations of ``borne tax'']  

This section sets out the 3 situations in which a person is taken to have borne tax on goods.

11(2)  [Person liable to tax on an assessable dealing]  

A person is taken to have borne tax on goods if the person has become liable to tax on an assessable dealing with the goods. However, the tax for which the person has become liable is not counted to the extent to which it has been the basis of a credit entitlement.

11(3)  [Purchase price included tax]  

A person is taken to have borne tax on goods if the person purchased the goods for a price that included tax. However, the amount of tax borne is to be reduced by any amount of the tax included in that price that has been refunded or credited to the person.

11(4)  [AD4a delivery of goods]  

A person is taken to have borne tax on goods if the person was the customer for an AD4a delivery of the goods and did not quote for the delivery.

SECTION 12 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   INSERTS IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES ETC. ARE TO BE TREATED AS SEPARATE GOODS  

12(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  a newspaper, magazine or other printed matter ( ``the publication'' ) would (apart from this section) be goods covered by exemption Item 100 or 101; and

(b)  any part ( ``the insert'' ) of the publication is inserted separately into the remainder of the publication after it has been made, or differs from most of the remainder of the publication in any one or more of the following respects:

(i) it has a different sheet size;
(ii) it is printed by a different process;
(iii) it consists of different paper or other material.

12(2)  [Insert taken to be separate goods]  

The insert is taken to be separate goods unless:

(a)  the publication is a newspaper and the insert is a news, sport, entertainment, travel, leisure or similar section (other than an advertising section); or

(b)  the publication is a magazine or similar publication (other than a newspaper) and the insert is a detachable part that is attached by perforation or is glued, sewn or stapled to the remainder of the publication.

SECTION 12A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  CONSTRUCTION OF POOLS IN SITU  

12A(1)  [Application to pool builder]  

This section applies to the construction of a pool shell if:

(a)  a person ( ``the pool builder'' ) who is in the business of constructing or erecting pools constructs the pool shell in situ in Australia under a contract with another person ( ``the pool purchaser'' ); and

(b)  the construction does not, apart from this section, constitute the manufacture of goods; and

(c)  the contract is entered into on or after the first taxing day.

12A(2)  [Application to owner-builder]  

This section also applies to the construction of a pool shell if:

(a)  a person ( ``the owner-builder'' ) constructs the pool shell in situ in Australia in a case where paragraph (1)(a) does not apply; and

(b)  the construction does not, apart from this section, constitute the manufacture of goods; and

(c)  the construction begins on or after the first taxing day.

12A(3)  [Application to construction of a pool shell]  

If this section applies to the construction of a pool shell:

(a)  the pool shell is taken to be goods that are Australian goods; and

(b)  the construction is taken to be the manufacture of the goods; and

(c)  the pool builder or owner-builder, as the case requires, is taken to be the person who manufactured the goods, other than as an employee, and to have done so in the course of a business.

12A(4)  [Pool builder taken to have sold goods by retail]  

If this section applies because of subsection (1), the pool builder is taken to have sold the goods by retail, immediately after the manufacture, to the pool purchaser.

12A(5)  [Owner-builder taken to have applied goods to own use]  

If this section applies because of subsection (2), the owner-builder is taken to have applied the goods to own use immediately after the manufacture.

12A(6)  [Small business exemption not to apply]  

Section 29 does not apply to any assessable dealing in respect of the goods that results from this section applying.

12A(7)  [Calculation of taxable value]  

The taxable value of any taxable dealing in respect of the goods that results from this section applying is the price (excluding sales tax) for which the person who is taken to have manufactured the goods could reasonably be expected to have purchased a fibreglass pool shell (being a shell that is manufactured goods apart from this section) of similar dimensions and shape to the goods by wholesale under an arm's length dealing.

12A(8)  [Alternative taxable value]  

If for any reason it is not possible or practicable to work out that price, the taxable value of the dealing in respect of the goods is instead the price (excluding sales tax) that the person could reasonably be expected to have paid another person, who is in the business of constructing or erecting pools, for the manufacture of the goods if:

(a)  all the materials used in or in connection with the manufacture were supplied by that other person; and

(b)  the 2 people were dealing with each other at arm's length in relation to the manufacture.

12A(9)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``construct'' , in relation to a pool shell, means construct or erect the pool shell, but does not include:

(a)  undertaking of excavation or other earthworks or clearing, levelling or landscaping of land; or

(b)  painting, tiling, treating or finishing the pool shell; or

(c)  constructing or erecting coping in connection with the pool shell; or

(d)  installing any drainage, heating, lighting, power supply, water supply or filtering or pumping equipment in or in connection with the pool shell;

``pool'' means a swimming pool, spa pool or hot tub;

``pool shell'' means the walls and floor, or other structure, that forms the shell or container for a pool.

SECTION 13 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MEANING OF ``EMBODYING VISUAL IMAGES, SOUNDS OR COMPUTER PROGRAMS IN GOODS''   13 

Visual images, sounds or a computer program are taken to be embodied in goods only if the goods have been treated in such a way in relation to the images, sounds or computer program that the images, sounds or computer program can be reproduced from the goods (either with or without the aid of some other device).

SECTION 14 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MEANING OF ``TAX-ADVANTAGED COMPUTER PROGRAM''  

14(1)  [Computer programs not embodied in a microchip]  

Any computer program that is not embodied in a microchip is a tax-advantaged computer program.

14(2)  [Computer programs embodied in a microchip]  

A computer program that is embodied in a microchip in a cartridge is a tax-advantaged computer program if both the following conditions are met:

(a)  the cartridge is marketed as being exclusively for use with:

(i) a personal computer; or
(ii) a home electronic device that is for use with a computer monitor or with a television screen; or
(iii) either a personal computer or such a home electronic device;

(b)  the program is marketed as being exclusively for educational use, entertainment use or a combination of both.

14(3)  [Definition]  

In this section:

``home electronic device'' does not include a device that consists of, or includes, one or more of the following:

(a)  a compact disc player;

(b)  a television;

(c)  a video camera;

(d)  a video cassette player;

(e)  a video cassette recorder;

(f)  an electronic device prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

SECTION 15 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MEANING OF ``OBTAIN GOODS UNDER QUOTE'' ETC.  

15(1)  [Application]  

This section sets out the circumstances in which goods are taken to be obtained by a person under quote.

15(2)  [Goods purchased under quote]  

A person purchases goods under quote if the person quotes on the purchase of the goods, and either:

(a)  the sale is an assessable dealing by the seller that is exempted from tax only because of the quote; or

(b)  on the basis of the quote, the seller agrees to exclude tax from the price of the goods.

15(3)  [Goods locally entered under quote]  

A person locally enters goods under quote if the person quotes on the local entry of the goods and the local entry is exempted from tax only because of the quote.

15(4)  [Goods obtained under quote]  

A person obtains goods under quote if:

(a)  the person purchases, or locally enters, the goods under quote as described in subsections (2) and (3); or

(b)  the person quotes on a customs dealing with the goods and the dealing is exempted from tax only because of the quote; or

(c)  the person is the customer for an AD4a delivery and:

(i) the delivery is exempted from tax only because of the quote; or
(ii) on the basis of the quote, the manufacturer agrees to exclude tax from a charge made by the manufacturer for the manufacture of the goods; or

(d)  the person has obtained a CR2 credit or a CR2A credit for tax borne on a dealing with the goods.

SECTION 15A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  MEANING OF ``ELIGIBLE SHORT-TERM LEASE'' ETC.  

15A(1)  [Interpretation]  

A lease of goods is an eligible short-term lease if the goods are covered by an agreement under subsection (2).

15A(2)  [Commissioner and lessor may agree on exempt percentage]  

The Commissioner and a person ( ``the lessor'' ) who grants leases of goods in the course of a business may agree on a percentage (other than nil) as the exempt percentage in relation to goods of a particular kind. The percentage agreed on must be the percentage of the statutory period during which it is agreed to be likely that the goods will be used by the lessor for lease (other than eligible long-term lease) to persons who, or whose sub-lessees, intend to use the goods during the whole of the term of the lease or sub-lease so as to satisfy one or more exemption Items.

15A(3)  [Associated goods]  

The Commissioner and the lessor may agree on a percentage (other than nil) as the exempt percentage in relation to goods ( ``the associated goods'' ) of a particular kind that are for use by the lessor exclusively:

(a)  as parts, accessories, fittings or attachments for goods that are covered by an agreement with the lessor under subsection (2); or

(b)  so as to become an integral part of goods that are covered by such an agreement.

The percentage agreed on must be the percentage of the statutory period during which it is agreed to be likely that the use of the associated goods as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) will satisfy one or more exemption Items.

15A(4)  [Goods used for repair or maintenance]  

The Commissioner and the lessor may, subject to subsection (5), agree on a percentage as the exempt percentage in relation to goods of a particular kind that are for use by the lessor exclusively for repairing or maintaining other goods that are:

(a)  covered by an agreement with the lessor under subsection (2); and

(b)  for use so as to satisfy one or more exemption Items 1, 2, 18, 23, 28, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36 and 38.

The percentage agreed on must be the percentage of the statutory period during which it is agreed to be likely that the other goods will satisfy the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b).

15A(5)  [Exempt percentage to be greater than 50%]  

The Commissioner and the lessor must not make an agreement under subsection (4) unless the percentage to be specified is greater than 50%.

15A(6)  [Agreement may include conditions]  

An agreement under this section may include conditions that are to be complied with for the agreement to have effect.

SECTION 15B [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  POST-TRIAL SALE OR POST-TRIAL LEASE  

15B(1)  [Interpretation]  

A sale by a person ( ``the claimant'' ) is a post-trial sale and a lease by a person (also ``the claimant'' ) is a post-trial lease if:

(a)  the sale or lease occurs after one or more exempt trial-leases or exempt trial-loans in relation to the goods; and

(b)  in the case of a lease - the lease is for the remainder of the statutory period; and

(c)  the purchaser or lessee, at or before the time of the sale or lease, gives evidence to the claimant, in a form approved by the Commissioner, of the purchaser's or lessee's intended use of the goods during the remainder of the statutory period so as to satisfy an exemption Item; and

(d)  immediately before the first exempt trial-lease or exempt trial-loan the goods were assessable goods; and

(e)  in the period starting at the end of the exempt trial-lease or exempt trial-loan referred to in paragraph (d) and ending at the time of the sale or lease:

(i) the goods were not sold by the claimant; and
(ii) any AOU of the goods was an exempt trial-lease or an exempt trial-loan.

15B(2)  [Definitions]  

In this section:

``exempt trial-lease'' means a lease of goods where, before the end of the lease, the person to whom the goods are leased gives evidence to the lessor, in a form approved by the Commissioner, that the lessee used, or intended to use, the goods during the lease so as to satisfy an exemption Item;

``exempt trial-loan'' means a loan of goods where, before the end of the loan, the person to whom the goods are lent gives evidence to the lender, in a form approved by the Commissioner, that the person used, or intended to use, the goods during the loan so as to satisfy an exemption Item.

15B(3)  [Demonstration of goods]  

A reference in subsection (1) or (2) to a loan includes a reference to a demonstration, and, in relation to a demonstration, a reference in that subsection to use of goods by a person includes use by another person demonstrating the goods to the person.

SECTION 15C [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  ELIGIBLE REPAIR GOODS  

15C(1)  [Interpretation]  

Goods are eligible repair goods if:

(a)  the goods are parts that are used by a person ( ``the claimant'' ) exclusively in the repair, renovation or reconditioning of Australian-used goods owned by the claimant; and

(b)  as a result of that use, the goods become an integral part of the Australian-used goods; and

(c)  after the goods become an integral part of the Australian-used goods, property in the Australian-used goods passes under a contract from the claimant to another person ( ``the exemption user'' ); and

(d)  the exemption user gives the claimant:

(i) a declaration that the exemption user is an always-exempt person; or
(ii) a declaration under subsection (2).

15C(2)  [Declaration requirements]  

The declaration referred to in subparagraph (1)(d)(ii) is a declaration that either:

(a)  the Australian-used goods; or

(b)  if the claimant has used the Australian-used goods as parts exclusively in the repair, renovation or reconditioning of other Australian-used goods so as to become an integral part of those other goods - those other goods;

are for use by the exemption user so as to satisfy one or more of exemption Items 1, 2, 18, 23, 28, 29, 33, 35, 36 and 38.

15C(2A)  [Declaration to be signed by taxpayer]  

A declaration under subparagraph (1)(d)(i) or subsection (2) must be in writing in a form approved by the Commissioner and signed by the exemption user.

15C(3)  [Operative time]  

The time when the goods become eligible repair goods is the later of the time when property in the Australian-used goods passes to the exemption user and the time when the exemption user gives the declaration to the claimant.

SECTION 15D [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  EXPORT ALTERATION GOODS  

15D(1)  [Interpretation]  

Goods are export alteration goods if:

(a)  the goods are parts, fittings or accessories that are used by a person ( ``the claimant'' ) exclusively in the alteration of other goods ( ``the altered goods'' ); and

(b)  as a result of that use, the goods become an integral part of the altered goods; and

(c)  after the goods become an integral part of the altered goods, either:

(i) the altered goods are exported by another person and that person gives the claimant a declaration under subsection (2); or
(ii) the altered goods are exported by the claimant; and

(d)  the goods were not used (other than in a manner covered by paragraphs (a) and (b)) in the period commencing at the end of the alteration and ending at the start of the export of the goods.

15D(2)  [Declaration requirements]  

The declaration referred to in paragraph (1)(c) is a declaration that either:

(a)  the altered goods; or

(b)  if the claimant has used the altered goods as parts, fittings or accessories exclusively in the alteration of other goods - those other goods;

were exported by the person making the declaration and were not used (other than in a manner covered by paragraphs (1)(a) and (b)) in the period commencing at the end of the alteration and ending at the start of the export of the goods. The declaration must be in writing in a form approved by the Commissioner and must be signed by the person making the declaration.

15D(3)  [Operative time]  

The time when the goods become export alteration goods is the time when the claimant exports the goods, or is given the declaration, as the case requires.

15D(4)  [Definition]  

In this section:

``alteration'' includes repair, renovation or upgrading.

SECTION 15E [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  GOODS FOR USE AS PART OF A CAR REMUNERATION PACKAGE  

15E(1)  [Application]  

This section sets out the 2 circumstances in which goods are taken to be used, or for use, by a person as part of a car remuneration package.

15E(2)  Circumstance 1 - cars.  

Goods are used, or are for use, by a person as part of a car remuneration package if:

(a)  the goods are a car; and

(b)  the person uses, or proposes to use, the car, to any extent, to provide car benefits to any or all of the following:

(i) an employee of the person;
(ii) an associate of an employee referred to in subparagraph (i);
(iii) an employee of an associate of the person;
(iv) an associate of an employee referred to in subparagraph (iii).

15E(3)  Circumstance 2 - parts or accessories for cars.  

Goods are for use by a person as part of a car remuneration package if:

(a)  the goods are parts or accessories for a car; and

(b)  the car is used, or is for use, by the person as part of a car remuneration package; and

(c)  an assessable dealing with the car occurred, or will occur, after the commencement of this section.

15E(4)  Modifications of fringe benefits tax rules.  

For the purposes of this section, the following assumptions are to be made about the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986:

(a)  it is to be assumed that the application of a car to a private use, or the availability of a car for private use, does not give rise to a car benefit if the application or availability, as the case may be:

(i) related exclusively to work-related travel of the employee concerned; or
(ii) was minor, infrequent and irregular;

(b)  it is to be assumed that motor cycles and similar vehicles were not excluded from the definition of ``car'' in subsection 136(1) of that Act;

(c)  it is to be assumed that paragraphs (d) and (e) of the definition of ``employer'' in subsection 136(1) of that Act had not been enacted.

Note 1:

Paragraph (d) excludes the Commonwealth from the definition of ``employer'' .

Note 2:

Paragraph (e) excludes an authority of the Commonwealth that cannot, by a law of the Commonwealth, be made liable to taxation by the Commonwealth, from the definition of ``employer'' .

15E(5)  Members of local governing bodies not excluded.  

For the purposes of this section, the meaning of an expression used in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986 is to be determined as if paragraph (pa) of the definition of ``salary or wages'' in subsection 221A(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 had not been enacted.

Note:

Paragraph (pa) excludes remuneration or allowances paid to members of certain local governing bodies from the definition of ``salary or wages'' .

15E(6)  Definitions.  

In this section:

``application to private use'' , in relation to a car, has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``associate'' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``availability for private use'' , in relation to a car, has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``car'' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``car benefit'' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``employee'' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

``work-related travel'' has the same meaning as in the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

PART 3 - LIABILITY TO TAX

Division 1 - General rules for taxability

Subdivision A - Taxing assessable dealings

SECTION 16 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GENERAL RULES FOR TAXING ASSESSABLE DEALINGS  

16(1)  [Assessable dealings listed in Table 1]  

Table 1 sets out all the assessable dealings that can be subject to sales tax.

16(2)  [Assessable dealing where no exemption applies]  

If the time of an assessable dealing (as specified in column 4 of the Table) is on or after the first taxing day, and no exemption applies under Division 2 of this Part, then:

(a)  the dealing is a taxable dealing;

(b)  the person specified in column 3 is the person liable to the tax;

(c)  the tax becomes payable at the time of the dealing, as specified in column 4;

(d)  the tax is due for payment at the time that applies under Division 2 of Part 5.

Note:

Generally, no sales tax is payable on an assessable dealing if the time of the dealing (as specified in column 4 of Table 1) is after the commencement of the A New Tax System (End of Sales Tax) Act 1999.

16(3)  [Calculation of amount of tax]  

To calculate the amount of the tax:

(a)  determine the taxable value of the dealing under Division 3 of this Part;

(b)  deduct any exempt part of the taxable value that applies under Division 4 of this Part;

(c)  multiply the result by the rate that applies under the Exemptions and Classifications Act.

SECTION 17 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SALE TIME BROUGHT FORWARD IF PURCHASER USES THE GOODS BEFORE TITLE PASSES  

17(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to an assessable dealing that consists of a sale, if the purchaser uses the goods after the time when the contract is made but before the time when title is to pass to the purchaser under the contract.

17(2)  [Time of sale]  

The time when the purchaser first so uses the goods is taken to be the time of the sale for the purposes of the sales tax law.

Subdivision B - Assessable dealings

SECTION 18 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OVERVIEW OF THIS SUBDIVISION   18 

This Subdivision contains details of some of the assessable dealings in Table 1.

SECTION 19 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ROYALTY-INCLUSIVE SALE (AD2c AND AD12c) OR AOU (AD3d AND AD13d)  

19(1)  [Requirements for royalty-inclusive sale or AOU]  

A retail sale, or an AOU, of goods ( ``the current goods'' ) by a taxpayer in the course of a business is a royalty-inclusive sale or a royalty-inclusive AOU respectively if the following conditions are met:

(a)  eligible royalty costs have been incurred at or before the time of the sale or AOU, or could reasonably be expected to be incurred after the time of the sale or AOU, by any or all of the following persons:

(i) the taxpayer;
(ii) any associate of the taxpayer;
(iii) any person (other than the manufacturer) under an arrangement with the taxpayer or with an associate of the taxpayer;

(b)  the sale or AOU is not covered by another category of assessable dealing in Table 1.

19(2)  [Definition]  

In this section:

``eligible royalty cost'' means a royalty, within the meaning of section 36, that is paid or payable in connection with the current goods, except where the amount was paid or payable by any person before 27 May 1992.

SECTION 20 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   INDIRECT MARKETING SALE (AD2d AND AD12d)   20 

A sale of assessable goods is an indirect marketing sale if it is a retail sale made by a person ( ``the marketer'' ) who is not the manufacturer of the goods and the sale is made:

(a)  under an arrangement that provides for the sale of the goods to be made by a person who is acting for the marketer but is not an employee of the marketer; or

(b)  from premises that:

(i) are used, mainly for making retail sales of goods, by a person or persons other than the marketer; and
(ii) are held out to be premises of, or premises used by, the other person or persons.

SECTION 21 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   UNTAXED-GOODS SALE (AD2e AND AD12e) OR AOU (AD3a AND AD13a)  

21(1)  [Retail sale of goods]  

A retail sale of goods by a taxpayer is an untaxed-goods sale unless:

(a)  the taxpayer obtained the goods under quote; or

(b)  the goods have previously passed through a taxing point; or

(c)  the sale is an indirect marketing sale.

21(2)  [Application to own use]  

A non-lease AOU in the course of any business, or any lease AOU, by a taxpayer is an untaxed-goods AOU unless:

(a)  the taxpayer obtained the goods under quote; or

(b)  the goods have previously passed through a taxing point.

21(3)  [Meaning of ``passed through a taxing point'']  

For the purposes of this section, goods are taken to have passed through a taxing point only if:

(a)  the goods have been the subject of a taxable dealing; or

(b)  the goods have been the subject of an assessable dealing that was exempted because of section 24 or 29 or because the taxpayer concerned could not be taxed or was entitled to an exemption arising outside the sales tax law.

21(4)  [Part 7A goods]  

Part 7A goods that have been the subject of a taxable dealing are taken not to have passed through a taxing point if the Commissioner believes that:

(a)  tax has not been paid, and is unlikely to be paid, in respect of the dealing; and

(b)  the person who is liable to pay that tax does not intend to pay the tax; and

(c)  at the time of the dealing the taxpayer referred to in subsection (1) or (2) was aware, or could reasonably have been expected to be aware, that the tax had not been paid and was unlikely to be paid.

SECTION 22 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   DELIVERY OF CUSTOMER'S MATERIALS GOODS (AD4a)  

22(1)  [Manufacture of goods]  

This dealing involves assessable goods that are manufactured by a person, in the course of a business, for another person ( ``the customer'' ) wholly or partly out of materials that:

(a)  were supplied by the customer (or by someone else at the request of the customer); or

(b)  were purchased from the manufacturer by the customer (or by someone else at the request of the customer).

22(2)  [Delivery of goods]  

The dealing consists of the delivery of the goods either to the customer or to someone else at the direction of the customer or under an agreement to which the customer is a party.

22(3)  [``Materials'']  

In this section:

``materials'' includes exposed photographic film or cinematograph film that is to be processed or treated so as to produce a negative, transparency or film strip.

SECTION 23 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LOCAL ENTRY OF IMPORTED GOODS (AD10)  

23(1)  [Application of section]  

Table 2 sets out the situations that amount to a local entry of imported goods for the purposes of the sales tax law. The rest of this section deals with situations involving the withdrawal of a customs entry, or multiple local entries of the same goods.

23(2)  [Effect of withdrawal of a customs entry]  

The withdrawal of the customs entry underlying a formal local entry ( ``the earlier local entry'' ) usually has the effect that the earlier local entry is taken never to have happened. However, if:

(a)  there is a later formal local entry after the withdrawal; and

(b)  the tax on that later entry would be less than the tax on the earlier local entry;

then the earlier local entry is taken never to have been extinguished and the later entry is taken never to have happened.

23(3)  [Formal local entry happens after deemed local entry]  

If a formal local entry happens after a deemed local entry, the formal local entry is taken never to have happened.

23(4)  [Deemed local entry happens after formal local entry]  

If a deemed local entry happens after a formal local entry, the formal local entry is taken never to have happened.

23(5)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``customs entry'' means an entry for home consumption under the Customs Act;

``deemed local entry'' means a local entry that is not a formal local entry;

``formal local entry'' means a local entry covered by LE1 or LE2 in Table 2.

SECTION 23A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  INCREASED DUTY ALCOHOLIC GOODS (AD4c AND AD14c)  

23A(1)  [Increased duty alcoholic goods]  

Goods are increased duty alcoholic goods if:

(a)  they are goods mentioned in subsection 15A(1) (alcoholic beverages) of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992, other than wine within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Wine Equalisation Tax) Act 1999; and

(b)  the person holding the goods has not borne tax on the goods; and

(c)  either:

(i) an amount of excise duty or customs duty (the old duty amount ) in respect of the goods was paid before 1 July 2000; or
(ii) the goods were delivered into home consumption before 1 July 2000 under a permission given under subsection 61C(1) of the Excise Act 1901 or granted under subsection 69(3) of the Customs Act 1901, and an amount of excise duty or customs duty (the old duty amount ) was or is payable in respect of the goods; and

(d)  were excise duty or customs duty (whichever is applicable) instead to become payable on the goods immediately after 1 July 2000, the amount of that duty would be greater than the old duty amount.

23A(2)  [Transition period]  

Goods are also increased duty alcoholic goods if:

(a)  they are goods mentioned in subsection 15A(1) (alcoholic beverages) of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992, other than wine within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Wine Equalisation Tax) Act 1999; and

(b)  the person holding the goods has not borne tax on the goods; and

(c)  immediately before 1 July 2000, the goods were not:

(i) excisable goods (within the meaning of the Excise Act 1901); or
(ii) goods of a kind in respect of which customs duty was imposed by the Parliament, or goods the subject of a Customs Tariff or Customs Tariff proposed in the Parliament; and

(d)  at the start of 1 July 2000, the goods became goods of a kind referred to in subparagraph (c)(i) or (ii); and

(e)  no excise duty or customs duty became payable on the goods, immediately after 30 June 2000, by the person holding the goods.

23A(3)  [Clarification of subparagraph (2)(c)(ii)]  

To avoid doubt, goods that are subject to a ``free'' rate of duty, or which, under a Customs Tariff proposed in the Parliament, would be subject to a ``free'' rate of duty, are not goods of a kind referred to in subparagraph (2)(c)(ii).

Division 2 - Exemptions

Subdivision A - Exemptions based on exemption Items

SECTION 24 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION IF EXEMPTION ITEM IS UNCONDITIONALLY SATISFIED   24 

An assessable dealing is not taxable if:

(a)  the goods are covered by an exemption Item that is in force at the time of the dealing; and

(b)  all the requirements of that Item have been met at or before the time of the dealing.

SECTION 25 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION FOR NON-LEASE AOU IF APPLIER INTENDS TO SATISFY EXEMPTION ITEM   25 

A non-lease AOU is not taxable if the applier, at the time of the AOU, intends to deal with the goods so as to satisfy an exemption Item that is in force at the time of the AOU.

SECTION 26 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION FOR LEASE AOU IF LEASE IS AN ELIGIBLE LONG-TERM LEASE OR AN ELIGIBLE SHORT-TERM LEASE   26 

A lease AOU is not taxable if:

(a)  the lease is an eligible long-term lease; or

(b)  the lease is an eligible short-term lease and the exempt percentage specified in the agreement under subsection 15A(2) is 100%.

Subdivision B - Exemptions based on quoting

SECTION 27 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION IF PURCHASER/CUSTOMER QUOTES  

27(1)  [Sale not taxable]  

A sale is not taxable if the purchaser quotes for the sale at or before the time of the sale.

27(2)  [AD4a delivery not taxable]  

An AD4a delivery is not taxable if the customer quotes for the delivery at or before the time of the delivery.

27(3)  [Part 7A goods]  

Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the quote is not effective because of section 91S.

SECTION 28 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION FOR CUSTOMS DEALING IF TAXPAYER QUOTES  

28(1)  [Customs dealing not taxable]  

A customs dealing is not taxable if the taxpayer quotes for the dealing at or before the time of the dealing.

28(2)  [Part 7A goods]  

Subsection (1) does not apply if the quote is not effective because of section 91S.

Subdivision C - Small business exemption

SECTION 29 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION FOR TAXPAYER WITH ANNUAL SALES TAX LIABILITY OF $10,000 OR LESS  

29(1)  [Certain assessable dealings exempt]  

This section exempts an assessable dealing (``the current dealing'') by a taxpayer who has a small annual sales tax liability.

29(2)  [Total tax liability $10,000 or less]  

The basic rule is that the current dealing is not taxable if the total tax liability for the current dealing and all countable dealings in the 12 months before the current dealing is $10,000 or less.

29(3)  [Reasonable expectation that liability will be $10,000 or less]  

In addition, at the time of the current dealing the taxpayer must have an expectation (based on reasonable grounds) that the total tax liability for the current dealing and all countable dealings in the 12 months after the current dealing will be $10,000 or less.

[Note:

Credits are not deducted in making calculations under subsections (2) and (3). Although section 53 allows credits to be deducted from the tax payable on a return, they do not affect the amount of the liability.]

29(4)  [Exemption not available in certain cases]  

The exemption is not available in any of the following cases:

(a)  the taxpayer obtained under quote the goods ( ``the current goods'' ) that are the subject of the current dealing;

(b)  the taxpayer has obtained a tax concession for any other goods that are connected with the current goods in the way described in subsection (5);

(c)  the current dealing is a customs dealing or is an AD3a or AD13a;

(d)  the current goods were manufactured by the taxpayer in circumstances covered by section 8; or

(e)  the current goods are Part 7A goods.

29(5)  [Conditions for obtaining a ``tax concession'']  

The taxpayer has obtained a tax concession for other goods ( ``the input goods'' ) that are connected with the current goods if both the following conditions are met:

(a)  the input goods are linked with the current goods in any of the following ways:

(i) the input goods, or some essential element of the input goods, has become an integral part of the current goods; [For example, the input goods were used as raw materials in manufacturing the current goods]
(ii) the input goods were first applied to the taxpayer's own use less than 2 years before the time of the current dealing and have been used by the taxpayer, in connection with the current goods, in carrying out an activity covered by an exemption [R] Item (whether or not the taxpayer was registered at the time of using the input goods or at any other relevant time); [For example, the input goods were machinery used in manufacturing the current goods]
(iii) something that formed part of the input goods at the time of an assessable dealing with the input goods has become an integral part of the current goods; [For example, some part of defective input goods that were returned by a purchaser has been re-used in manufacturing the current goods]

(b)  either of the following applies:

(i) the taxpayer has not borne tax on the input goods before the time of the current dealing, but would have borne tax except for the operation of an exemption [R] Item; or
(ii) the taxpayer has borne tax on the input goods before the time of the current dealing, but has become entitled to a credit for any of that tax.

29(6)  [Tax to be calculated as if a taxable dealing]  

The tax on the current dealing, and on any countable dealing that was exempted by this section, is to be calculated on the assumption that the dealing is or was a taxable dealing.

29(7)  [Definitions]  

In this section:

``countable dealing'' means any assessable dealing except:

(a)  a customs dealing;

(b)  a dealing that would have been exempted from tax because of an exemption [R] Item, if the taxpayer had been registered at the time of the dealing;

(c)  a dealing with Part 7A goods.

``total tax liability'' does not include tax to the extent that it is payable as a result of the operation of section 15A of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992.[Appendix B has a chart for use in deciding whether the small business exemption is available for a particular dealing.]

Subdivision D - Exemptions based on export

SECTION 30 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SALE OR AD4a OF GOODS INTENDED FOR EXPORT  

30(1)  [Sale intended for export not taxable]  

A sale is not taxable if:

(a)  the sale is made in accordance with the prescribed rules for export sales to a purchaser who is an eligible foreign traveller; or

(b)  the purchaser has given evidence to the seller of the purchaser's intention to export the goods (otherwise than as accompanied baggage) while they are still assessable goods and, if the goods are Part 7A goods, one of the conditions in subsection 32A(1) is satisfied; or

(c)  the contract of sale requires the seller to export the goods while they are still assessable goods and, if the goods are Part 7A goods, one of the conditions in subsection 32A(1) is satisfied.

30(2)  [AD4a delivery intended for export not taxable]  

An AD4a delivery is not taxable if:

(a)  the delivery is made in accordance with the prescribed rules for export sales to a customer who is an eligible foreign traveller; or

(b)  the customer has given evidenceto the manufacturer of the customer's intention to export the goods (otherwise than as accompanied baggage) while they are still assessable goods and, if the goods are Part 7A goods, one of the conditions in subsection 32A(1) is satisfied.

30(3)  [Time and form of evidence]  

The evidence referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (2)(b) must be given at or before the time of sale and in a form approved by the Commissioner.

SECTION 31 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PACKING AOU IF CONTAINER AND CONTENTS INTENDED FOR EXPORT   31 

A packing AOU is not taxable if, at the time of the AOU:

(a)  the applier has the intention of exporting the container with the property that, immediately after the AOU, will be its contents; or

(b)  if the packing AOU is on behalf of a person other than the applier - the applier expects that the other person will export the container with those contents.

SECTION 32 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LEASE AOU OF GOODS INTENDED FOR EXPORT   32 

A lease AOU is not taxable if:

(a)  the lessee gives evidence to the lessor of the lessee's intention to export the goods before using them and, if the goods are Part 7A goods, one of the conditions in subsection 32A(1) is satisfied; or

(b) the lease agreement requires the lessor to export the goods before they are used and, if the goods are Part 7A goods, one of the conditions in subsection 32A(1) is satisfied.

The evidence referred to in paragraph (a) must be given at or before the time the lease is granted, and in a form approved by the Commissioner.

SECTION 32A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  CONDITIONS FOR PART 7A GOODS  

32A(1)  [Application]  

The following are the conditions for Part 7A goods (one of which must be satisfied):

(a)  the purchaser, or lessee, is accredited;

(b)  in the case of a purchase - the purchaser is not acquiring the goods for resale and satisfies the low export purchase value test (see subsections (2) and (3)) in relation to that sale;

(c)  the sale, or lease, is made in prescribed circumstances;

(d)  the seller, or lessor, satisfies the Commissioner that he or she was satisfied on reasonable grounds that paragraph (a), (b) or (c) applied.

32A(2)  [Low export purchase values]  

For a person to satisfy the low export purchase value test in relation to a dealing (the ``current dealing'' ), the total of the value of:

(a)  the current dealing; and

(b)  all other acquisitions of Part 7A goods for which the person quoted, or which were not taxable because of section 30 or 32, in the 12 months before the current dealing;

must be less than $6,000 or such other amount as is prescribed.

32A(3)  [Expected future value]  

In addition, the person must have an expectation (based on reasonable grounds) that the total of the value of all acquisitions of Part 7A goods by the person in the 12 months after the current dealing for which the person will quote, or which will not be taxable because of section 30 or 32, will be less than $6,000 or such other amount as is prescribed.

32A(4)  [Seller to obtain signed statement]  

For a person (the ``seller'' ) to be satisfied that another person (the ``purchaser'' ) satisfies the low export purchase value test in relation to a dealing, the seller must obtain from the purchaser a signed statement, in a form approved in writing by the Commissioner, that the purchaser satisfies the low purchase value test in relation to the dealing.

32A(5)  [Penalty for false representation]  

A person must not, in relation to any dealing with goods, falsely represent that the person satisfies the low export purchase value test in relation to that dealing.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

Subdivision E - Miscellaneous exemptions

SECTION 33 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXEMPTION FOR LOCAL ENTRY IF GOODS HAVE BEEN TAXED WHILE IN BOND   33 

A local entry is not taxable if the taxpayer or anyone else became liable to tax on a previous assessable dealing with the goods while they were in bond or under the control of the Customs.

Division 3 - Taxable value

Subdivision A - General rules for working out taxable value

SECTION 34 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   HOW TO WORK OUT THE TAXABLE VALUE OF A TAXABLE DEALING  

34(1)  [Location of general rules]  

The general rules for calculating the taxable value are set out in Table 1.

34(2)  [Amounts to be added]  

In some cases, amounts must be added to the amount set out in Table 1. These additions are set out in Subdivision B of this Division.

34(3)  [Substitute taxable values]  

In some cases, a special taxable value applies instead of the amount that would normally apply under Table 1 and Subdivision B of this Division. These substitute taxable values are set out in Subdivision C of this Division.

34(4)  [Taxable value for alcoholic beverages]  

In working out the taxable value of goods covered by section 15A of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992, any rebate, refund or other payment or credit made by a State or Territory in respect of the goods is to be disregarded.

Subdivision B - Additions to taxable value

SECTION 35 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TAXABLE DEALING WITH GOODS THAT ARE THE CONTENTS OF A CONTAINER  

35(1)  [Taxable value to include component for containers]  

This section deals with situations in which a container is associated with goods ( ``the contents'' ) that are the subject of a taxable dealing. The aim of this section is to ensure that the taxable value will include a component for the container, even though the parties may have allocated a separate amount to the container.

35(2)  [Taxable value to increase by amount recouped]  

If:

(a)  the taxable value of the dealing is calculated by reference to the price (excluding tax) for which the contents were sold; and

(b)  the parties have allocated a separate amount to the container;

then the taxable value is increased by so much of the value of the container as is recouped by the seller in connection with the sale of the contents.

35(3)  [Taxable value to increase by amount expected to be recouped]  

If the taxable value of the dealing is not calculated as mentioned in subsection (2), then the taxable value is increased by so much of the value of the container as could reasonably be expected to have been recouped by the taxpayer in connection with a hypothetical sale of the contents at the time of the actual taxable dealing with the contents.

35(4)  [Section not to apply]  

This section does not apply if the container is a shipping container covered by exemption Item 60.

SECTION 36 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ASSESSABLE DEALING WITH GOODS THAT INVOLVE THE PAYMENT OF AN ASSOCIATED ROYALTY  

36(1)  [Taxable value to include royalty]  

If a royalty is paid or payable, or likely to be paid or payable, in connection with any of the following events in respect of particular goods:

(a)  the manufacture of the goods;

(b)  the importation or local entry of the goods;

(c)  a sale of the goods;

(d)  the granting of a lease of the goods;

(e)  an AD4a delivery of the goods;

then the taxable value of any taxable dealing with those goods that happens at or after that event includes the amount or value of the royalty.

36(2)  [Meaning of ``royalty'']  

In this section:

``royalty'' means any amount to the extent to which it is paid or payable (whether or not periodically) as consideration for any of the following things (or for the right to do them):

(a)  doing anything that would be an infringement of copyright if it were done without the licence of the copyright owner, but not including any of the following:

(i) performing a work;
(ii) broadcasting a work, sound recording or cinematograph film;
(iii) causing a cinematograph film, a work, or a television program that includes a work, to be transmitted to the subscribers to a diffusion service;
(iv) causing a sound recording to be heard in public;
(v) causing a cinematograph film to be seen in public;
(vi) exhibiting an article in public;

(b)  making, using, exercising or vending an invention (each of those terms having the meaning it has in the Patents Act 1990);

(c)  using a design that is of a kind capable of being registered under the Designs Act 1906 (whether or not it is registered under that Act or under any other law);

(d)  using a trade mark that is of a kind capable of being registered under the Trade Marks Act 1955 (whether or not it is registered under that Act or under any other law), but not including a mark that relates to a service;

(e)  using confidential information;

(f)  using machinery, implements, apparatus or other equipment;

(g)  supplying scientific, technical, industrial, commercial or other knowledge or information;

(h)  supplying assistance that is ancillary to, and is supplied as a means of enabling the application or enjoyment of, any matter covered by paragraphs (a) to (g);

(i)  a total or partial forbearance in respect of any matter covered by paragraphs (a) to (h);

Terms used in paragraph (a) of this definition have the same meaning as in the Copyright Act 1968.

SECTION 37 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ASSESSABLE DEALING WITH GOODS IN BOND   37 

If a taxable dealing happens while the goods are in bond or otherwise subject to the control of the Customs, the taxable value is increased by the amount of customs duty or excise duty to which the goods would have been subject if they had been entered for home consumption under the Customs Act or the law relating to excise (as the case requires) at the time of the taxable dealing.

SECTION 38 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AMOUNTS NOT TO BE ADDED IF THEY ARE ALREADY INCLUDED IN THE TAXABLE VALUE   38 

This Subdivision does not add any amount to the taxable value so far as it would already be included in the taxable value.

Subdivision C - Substitute taxable value in special cases

SECTION 39 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ASSESSABLE DEALING WITH PREFABRICATED BUILDING OR BUILDING SECTION  

39(1)  [Taxable value of prefabricated building or building section]  

This section sets out the taxable value of a taxable dealing with a prefabricated building or prefabricated building section. The taxable value is the amount that would have been the total taxable value of all the taxable goods incorporated in the building or building section if the dealing had involved only those taxable goods.

39(2)  [Ineligible duct work to be treated as separate goods]  

If the building or building section incorporates ineligible duct work (or fittings, accessories or attachments for ineligible duct work), then that duct work, and those fittings, accessories or attachments, are to be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) as being separate goods (and not as consisting of other goods that are component parts of the duct work, fittings, accessories or attachments).

39(3)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``ineligible duct work'' means prefabricated duct work, or prefabricated channelling, that is of a kind ordinarily used in forced-draught ventilating or air-conditioning systems;

``prefabricated building section'' does not include ineligible duct work;

``taxable goods'' means any assessable goods except always-exempt goods.

SECTION 40 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SALE OF NEWSPAPER, MAGAZINE ETC. INSERTS   40 

If the taxable dealing is a sale of inserts that are treated under section 12 as being separate from a newspaper, magazine or other printed matter, the taxable value is the amount that would have been the taxable value if the sale had instead been an AOU.

SECTION 41 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AD2a SALE OF PHOTOGRAPHS EXPOSED IN THE CAMERA BY THE SELLER  

41(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to an AD2a sale of photographs that were manufactured to the order of a particular customer if all the following were done by the seller:

(a)  exposing the negative in the camera;

(b)  printing from the negative;

(c)  finishing the photographs in the condition in which they are supplied to the customer.

41(2)  [Taxable value]  

The taxable value is 40% of the amount (excluding tax) payable by the customer to the seller.

SECTION 42 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TAXABLE DEALING WITH GOODS IMPORTED AFTER BEING EXPORTED FOR ALTERATION  

42(1)  [Application]  

Subject to section 42AA, this section applies to any taxable dealing with goods that have been imported after having been exported for alteration as described in section 9.

42(2)  [Taxable value where customs duty paid or payable]  

If customs duty has or will become payable on the importation, and that duty is calculated solely by reference to the customs value of the alterations, the taxable value is:

   Customs value of the  +   Customs duty on the
      alterations                importation

      

42(3)  [Alternative taxable value]  

If customs duty has or will become payable on the importation, but subsection (2) does not apply, the taxable value is:

Notional      { Customs        Notional customs value }
customs       { duty               of the alterations }
value    +    { on        x   ----------------------- }
of the        { the            Value of the goods for }
alterations   { importation        the purposes of    }
              {                    calculating the    }
              {                 customs duty on the   }
              {                     importation       }



      

42(4)  [Taxable value where customs duty not paid or payable]  

If customs duty has not, and will not, become payable on the importation, the taxable value is the amount that would have been the taxable value under subsection (2) if customs duty had become payable on the importation and had been calculated solely by reference to the value of the alterations.

42(5)  [``Notional customs value of the alterations'']  

In this section:

``notional customs value of the alterations'' means the amount that would have been the customs value of the alterations for the purposes of calculating duty if the duty had been calculated solely by reference to the value of the alterations.

SECTION 42AA [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  EXPORT ALTERATION GOODS THAT ARE RE-IMPORTED  

42AA(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to any taxable dealing with goods to which section 9A applies.

42AA(2)  [Dealings covered by sec 42]  

If the taxable dealing is covered by section 42, the taxable value is the amount calculated under that section plus the amount that would have been the taxable value if the dealing had only involved the export alteration goods.

42AA(3)  [Dealings not covered by sec 42]  

If the taxable dealing is not covered by section 42, the taxable value is the amount that would have been the taxable value if the dealing had only involved the export alteration goods.

SECTION 42A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  LUXURY MOTOR VEHICLES   42A 

The taxable value of a taxable dealing with goods covered by Item 1 of Schedule 6 to the Exemptions and Classifications Act, other than goods to which section 49 of this Act applies, is reduced by:

 34.296%  x  Motor vehicle depreciation limit for the
               financial year in which the taxable
                       dealing happens.


      

SECTION 43 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AGREEMENT BETWEEN TAXPAYER AND COMMISSIONER REGARDING CALCULATION OF TAXABLE VALUE  

43(1)  [Commissioner may enter into agreement]  

The Commissioner may enter into an agreement with a taxpayer about calculating the taxable values of particular taxable dealings.

43(2)  [Agreement to prevail]  

So far as the agreement is inconsistent with this Act, the agreement prevails.

Division 4 - Exempt parts of taxable value

SECTION 44 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OVERVIEW OF THIS DIVISION   44 

This Division sets out the exempt parts of the taxable value. Exempt parts are deducted from the taxable value before applying the appropriate rate of tax.

SECTION 45 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GOODS INCORPORATING TAX-ADVANTAGED COMPUTER PROGRAMS  

45(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if a tax-advantaged computer program is embodied in (or in part of) the goods that are the subject of the taxable dealing.

45(2)  [Exempt part]  

The exempt part is so much of the taxable value as is attributable to the computer program.

SECTION 46 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GOODS INCORPORATING VIDEOTEX EQUIPMENT  

46(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  the goods incorporate videotex equipment; and

(b)  an exemption based on exemption Item 95 would have been available if the dealing had involved only the videotex equipment.

46(2)  [Exempt part]  

The exempt part is the amount that would have been the taxable value if the dealing had involved only the videotex equipment (assuming the dealing to be taxable).

46(3)  [``videotex equipment'']  

In this section, ``videotex equipment'' means systems or devices referred to in exemption Item 95.

SECTION 47 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GOODS INCORPORATING SOLAR PANELS ETC.  

47(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  the goods incorporate a solar panel; and

(b)  an exemption based on exemption Item 171 would have been available if the dealing had involved only the solar panel.

47(2)  [Exempt part]  

The exempt part is the amount that would have been the taxable value if the dealing had involved only the solar panel (assuming the dealing to be taxable).

47(3)  [``solar panel'']  

In this section, ``solar panel'' means goods covered by subitem (1) of exemption Item 171.

SECTION 48 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GOODS INCORPORATING A MILK TANK  

48(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if:

(a)  the goods incorporate a tank; and

(b)  an exemption based on exemption Item 5 would have been available if the dealing had involved only the tank.

48(2)  [Exempt part]  

The exempt part is the amount that would have been the taxable value if the dealing had involved only the tank (assuming the dealing to be taxable).

SECTION 49 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LUXURY MOTOR VEHICLE FOR DISABLED PERSON OR EXEMPT CHILD CARE BODY  

49(1)  [Application]  

This section applies if an exemption based on exemption Item 96, 97 or 144A would have been available except for subitem (2) of the Item concerned.

49(2)  [Exempt part]   View history reference

The exempt part is 67.1% of the motor vehicle depreciation limit for the financial year in which the taxable dealing happens.

49A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  MOTOR VEHICLES FOR TRANSPORTING DISABLED PERSONS  

49A(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to motor vehicles:

(a)  designed or adapted for driving by a person who is suffering from a physical impairment; or

(b)  designed or adapted for transporting a person who is suffering from a physical impairment.

49A(2)  [Exempt part]  

The exempt part is so much of the taxable value as represents the additional cost of manufacturing the motor vehicle resulting solely from the vehicle being designed or adapted for the purpose of:

(a)  it being driven by a person who is suffering from a physical impairment; or

(b)  it being used for the transportation of a person who is suffering from a physical impairment.

49A(3)  [Exempt part under Exemptions and Classifications Act, Schedule 6]  

For the purposes of Schedule 6 to the Exemptions and Classifications Act, the taxable value of a motor vehicle to which this section applies is taken to be reduced by the amount of the exempt part.

SECTION 50 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CUSTOMS DEALING WITH GOODS THAT ARE PARTLY EXEMPT FROM CUSTOMS DUTY   50 

In the case of a customs dealing, if a proportion of the value of the goods is not liable to customs duty because of by-laws made for the purposes of item 15 in Part I of Schedule 4 to the Customs Tariff, then an equivalent proportion of the taxable value is an exempt part.

SECTION 50A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  AGREEMENTS RELATING TO ELIGIBLE SHORT-TERM LEASES  

50A(1)  [Exempt part of taxable value]  

If:

(a)  the dealing is the granting of an eligible short-term lease of the goods; and

(b)  the exempt percentage specified in the agreement under subsection 15A(2) is less than 100%;

then the exempt part is the taxable value multiplied by the exempt percentage.

50A(2)  [Goods to which reduction in taxable value applies]  

If:

(a)  the goods that are the subject of the taxable dealing are covered by an agreement under subsection 15A(3) or (4), and are for use exclusively as mentioned in that subsection; and

(b)  the exempt percentage specified in the agreement is less than 100%;

then the exempt part is the taxable value multiplied by the exempt percentage.

Division 5 - Tax not payable on certain dealings

SECTION 51A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  GOODS BROUGHT INTO AUSTRALIA ON A TEMPORARY BASIS  

51A(1)  [Section 162(1) local entries]  

Tax is not payable on a dealing that is a local entry of goods if:

(a)  subsection 162(1) of the Customs Act 1901 applies to the goods; and

(b)  a Collector has been given a security or an undertaking, to the satisfaction of the Collector, for the payment of an amount equal to the sales tax that would otherwise have been payable for the dealing; and

(c)  the Collector has granted permission under that subsection to take delivery of the goods; and

(d)  the applicable provisions of regulations made under section 162 of that Act are complied with.

51A(2)  [Securities and undertakings]  

A security or an undertaking given under paragraph (1)(b) in respect of a dealing with goods may be enforced according to its tenor if:

(a)  the goods have been dealt with in a manner that is not in compliance with subsection (1); or

(b)  the goods are exported, otherwise than in accordance with subregulation 124(3) of the Customs Regulations; or

(c)  the goods are not exported within the time provided under subsection 162(3) of the Customs Act 1901.

A security must be returned to the person who gave it, and an undertaking may not be enforced, if the goods are exported and none of the above paragraphs apply.

51A(3)  [Section 162A(1) local entries]  

Tax is not payable on a dealing that is a local entry of goods if:

(a)  subsection 162A(1) of the Customs Act 1901 applies to the goods; and

(b)  the Chief Executive Officer of Customs has accepted a security or an undertaking for the payment of an amount equal to the sales tax that would otherwise have been payable for the dealing; and

(c)  a Collector has granted permission under subsection 162A(2) of that Act to take delivery of the goods.

51A(4)  [Securities and undertakings]  

A security or an undertaking given under paragraph (3)(b) in respect of a dealing with goods may be enforced according to its tenor if:

(a)  the goods are dealt with in a manner inconsistent with subregulation 125B(1) of the Customs Regulations without the consent of the Chief Executive Officer of Customs; or

(b)  paragraph 162A(5)(a) or (b) of the Customs Act 1901 applies to the goods.

A security must be returned to the person who gave it, and an undertaking may not be enforced, if the goods are exported and neither of the above paragraphs apply.

51A(5)  [Subregulation 125A(2) local entries]  

Tax is not payable on a dealing that is a local entry of goods if the goods are specified in an instrument in force under subregulation 125A(2) of the Customs Regulations unless the goods are dealt with in a manner inconsistent with subregulation 125B(2) of the Customs Regulations.

51A(6)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``Collector'' means a Collector for the purposes of the Customs Act 1901.

PART 4 - CREDITS

SECTION 51 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CREDIT ENTITLEMENTS  

51(1)  [Entitlement to credit]  

Tables 3 and 3A set out the situations in which a claimant is entitled to a credit.

51(2)  [Previous credit entitlement]  

A claimant is not entitled to a credit for an amount of tax for which a credit entitlement has previously arisen (whether for the claimant or another person).

51(3)  [Claim to be lodged within 3 years]  

A claimant is not entitled to a credit unless the claim for the credit is lodged within 3 years after the time when the credit arises.

51(3A)  [Increased duty alcoholic goods credit]  

An entitlement to a credit in respect of increased duty alcoholic goods soldbefore 1 July 2000 cannot arise from a return of the goods to the seller after 30 June 2000.

51(4)  [Form and manner of claim]  

A claim for a credit must be made in the form and manner approved by the Commissioner, and must be accompanied by such supporting evidence as the Commissioner requires.

SECTION 52 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SUFFICIENT LINK BETWEEN INPUT GOODS AND OUTPUT GOODS   52 

For the purposes of credit grounds CR6, CR7 and CR12, the input goods have a sufficient link with the output goods in the following cases:

(a)  the input goods, or some essential element of the input goods, has become an integral part of the output goods;

(b)  the input goods have been used in connection with the output goods in the carrying out of an activity that would have been covered by an exemption [R] Item if the person carrying out the activity had been registered at all relevant times;

(c)  something that formed part of the input goods at the time of the tax-bearing dealing with the input goods has become an integral part of the output goods.

SECTION 53 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CLAIMANT MAY DEDUCT CREDIT FROM TAX PAYABLE IN RESPECT OF RETURN   53 

If the claimant lodges a credit claim together with a return, the claimant may deduct the credit to which the taxpayer is entitled from the tax payable in respect of the return.

SECTION 54 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER NOT REQUIRED TO CONSIDER CREDIT CLAIMS FOR LESS THAN $200  

54(1)  [Credit claim less than $200]  

The Commissioner is not required to consider a claim for a credit if the total amount claimed is less than $200.

54(2)  [Credit claim lodged with return]  

This section does not apply to a claim that the claimant lodges together with a return.

SECTION 55 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CREDITS TO BE APPLIED AGAINST TAX LIABILITIES AND EXCESS REFUNDED   55  (Repealed by No 11 of 1999)

SECTION 56 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EXCESS CREDITS MUST BE REPAID   56 

If the amount deducted by the claimant under section 53, or applied by the Commissioner under Division 3 of Part IIB of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, is more than the amount of the credit to which the claimant is properly entitled, the excess is to be treated as if it were tax that became payable, and due for payment, by the claimant at the time when it was deducted or applied, as the case may be. [The main effect of treating the amount as if it were tax is to apply the collection and recovery rules in Part 5.]

SECTION 56A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  NO CREDITS FOR CERTAIN DEALINGS WITH PART 7A GOODS  

56A(1)  [Claimant not entitled to credit]  

A claimant is not entitled to a credit in respect of a dealing with Part 7A goods if the Commissioner believes that:

(a)  tax has not been paid, and is unlikely to be paid, in respect of the dealing; and

(b)  the taxpayer who is liable to pay that tax does not intend to pay the tax; and

(c)  the claimant is aware, or could reasonably be expected to be aware, that the tax has not been paid and is unlikely to be paid.

56A(2)  [Claimant not entitled to CR26 credit]  

A claimant is not entitled to a CR26 credit in respect of a dealing with Part 7A goods if the Commissioner believes that:

(a)  the amount withheld under section 91X has not been paid, and is unlikely to be paid, in respect of the dealing; and

(b)  the taxpayer who is liable to pay that amount does not intend to pay the amount; and

(c)  the claimant is aware, or could reasonably be expected to be aware, that the amount has not been paid and is unlikely to be paid.

SECTION 57 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CLAWBACK OF CR21 CREDIT ON LATER RECOVERY OF BAD DEBT  

57(1)  [Claimant liable if bad debt recovered]  

A credit under CR21 in relation to an amount written off by the claimant as a bad debt is subject to the condition that the claimant is liable to pay an amount under this section if the claimant later recovers some or all of the amount written off.

57(2)  [Amount payable]  

The amount payable by the claimant is calculated using the following formula:


                          Amount recovered
          CR21 credit  x  -----------------
                          Amount written off


      

57(3)  [Amount treated as tax payable]  

The amount is to be treated as if it were tax that became payable by the claimant at the time of recovery of the bad debt, and were due for payment as follows:

(a)  if the claimant is a quarterly remitter for the sales tax quarter in which the recovery happened - 21 days after the end of that quarter; or

(b)  in any other case - 21 days after the end of the month in which the recovery happened. [The main effect of treating the amount as if it were tax is to apply the collection and recovery rules in Part 5.]

SECTION 58 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CLAWBACK OF CR9 CREDIT ON LATER SALE OF DEFECTIVE GOODS  

58(1)  [Claimant liable if defective goods later sold]  

A credit under CR9 for tax on goods that were used to replace the whole or part of defective goods is subject to the condition that the claimant is liable to pay an amount under this section if the claimant later sells the defective goods.

58(2)  [Amount payable]  

Subject to subsection (2A), the amount payable by the claimant is calculated using the following formula:

                 Consideration for later sale of
                         defective goods
CR9 credit  x  -----------------------------------------
                Taxable value of  +   Tax payable on the
                earlier dealing       earlier dealing
                    with the             with the
                defective goods       defective goods


      

58(2A)  [Amount payable reduced by tax borne]  

If the claimant has borne tax on goods that were used as raw materials in repairing the defective goods, the amount payable by the claimant is the amount calculated using the formula in subsection (2) reduced by the amount of the tax borne.

58(3)  [Amount treated as tax payable]  

The amount is to be treated as if it were tax that became payable by the claimant at the time of the later sale of the defective goods, and were due for payment as follows:

(a)  if the claimant is a quarterly remitter for the sales tax quarter in which the later sale happened - 21 days after the end of that quarter;

(b)  in any other case - 21 days after the end of the month in which the later sale happened. [The main effect of treating the amount as if it were tax is to apply the collection and recovery rules in Part 5.]

SECTION 59 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AGREEMENT WITH COMMISSIONER REGARDING CREDITS  

59(1)  [Commissioner may enter into agreement]  

The Commissioner may enter into an agreement with a person regarding the circumstances in which the person is to be entitled to credits and the manner of calculating and claiming such credits.

59(2)  [Agreement to prevail]  

So far as the agreement is inconsistent with this Act, the agreement prevails.

SECTION 60 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CLAIMANT MAY OBJECT AGAINST COMMISSIONER'S DECISION ON CREDIT CLAIM  

60(1)  [Commissioner to notify claimant]  

If the Commissioner decides to disallow the whole or a part of a claim for a credit, the Commissioner must notify the claimant of the decision.

60(2)  [Claimant may object]  

If the claimant is dissatisfied with the Commissioner's decision, the claimant may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

PART 5 - COLLECTION AND RECOVERY

Division 1 - Returns

SECTION 61 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REQUIREMENT TO LODGE RETURNS  

61(1)  [Monthly remitter]  

A person who is a monthly remitter for a month during which the person becomes liable to tax must lodge a return within 21 days after the end of the month.

61(2)  [Quarterly remitter]  

A person who is a quarterly remitter for a sales tax quarter during which the person becomes liable to tax must, within 21 days after the end of the quarter, lodge either:

(a)  a return for the quarter; or

(b)  a separate monthly return for each month in the quarter.

61(2A)  [Dealings with Part 7A goods]  

In addition to the returns required under subsections (1) and (2), a person who becomes liable to tax in respect of a dealing with Part 7A goods during a month must lodge a return within 21 days after the end of the month, or such further time as the Commissioner allows.

61(3)  [Commissioner may direct further or fuller return]  

In addition to the returns required under subsections (1), (2) and (2A), the Commissioner may direct a person to lodge such further or fuller return as the Commissioner requires (including a return in the person's capacity as agent or trustee).

61(4)  [``tax'']  

In this section, ``tax'' does not include tax payable on a customs dealing.

SECTION 62 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MEANING OF ``MONTHLY REMITTER'' AND ``QUARTERLY REMITTER''  

62(1)  [``monthly remitter'']  

A person is a monthly remitter for a particular month if the person is not a quarterly remitter for the sales tax quarter in which that month happens.

62(2)  [``quarterly remitter'']  

A person is a quarterly remitter for a sales tax quarter ( ``the current quarter'' ) beginning in a financial year ( ``the current year'' ) if the total sales tax that became payable by the person during the previous financial year was less than the quarterly remitter threshold that applies under this section for the current year and:

(a)  the person was a quarterly remitter for the sales tax quarter before the current quarter; or

(b)  as at the 22nd day of the current quarter, the person has no outstanding liability to lodge returns, or to pay tax, in respect of assessable dealings that happened before the current quarter.

62(3)  [Calculation of quarterly remitter threshold]  

The quarterly remitter threshold for the 1992-93 financial year is $51,200. For any later financial year, the threshold is calculated by multiplying the quarterly remitter threshold for the financial year before the later year by the following indexation factor:

Sum of the index numbers for the CPI quarters for the
  12 months ending on 31 March before the later year
-------------------------------------------------------
Sum of the index numbers for the CPI quarters for the
    12 months ending on the previous 31 March

      

62(4)  [Factor calculated to 3 decimal places]  

The indexation factor is to be calculated to 3 decimal places, but increased by .001 if the 4th decimal place is more than 4.

62(5)  [Index number]  

Calculations under subsection (3):

(a)  are to be made using only the index numbers published in terms of the most recently published reference base for the Consumer Price Index; and

(b)  are to disregard indexation numbers that are published in substitution for previously published index numbers (except where the substituted numbers are published to take account of changes in the reference base).

62(5A)  [Decrease in CPI]  

If the indexation factor is less than 1.000, the quarterly remitter threshold for the current year is the same as the quarterly remitter threshold under this section for the financial year immediately before the current year. This subsection has effect despite subsection (3).

62(6)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``CPI quarter'' means a period of 3 months ending on 31 March, 30 June, 30 September or 31 December;

``index number'' means the All Groups Consumer Price Index number (being the weighted average of the 8 capital cities) published by the Australian Statistician;

``total sales tax that became payable'' does not include tax to the extent that it became payable as a result of the operation of section 15A of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992.

Division 2 - Due date for payment

SECTION 63 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   NORMAL DUE DATE FOR PAYMENT OF TAX (OTHER THAN TAX ON A CUSTOMS DEALING OR A DEALING WITH PART 7A GOODS)  

63(1)  [Monthly remitter]  

Tax that is payable by a monthly remitter for a month becomes due for payment at the end of the 21st day after the end of that month.

63(2)  [Quarterly remitter]  

Tax that is payable by a quarterly remitter for a sales tax quarter becomes due for payment at the end of the 21st day after the end of that quarter.

63(3)  [Customs or Part 7A dealing]  

This section does not apply to tax payable on a customs dealing or a dealing with Part 7A goods.

SECTION 64 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   NORMAL DUE DATE FOR PAYMENT OF TAX ON A CUSTOMS DEALING  

64(1)  [Payment due at time of dealing]  

Tax that is payable on a customs dealing is due for payment at the time of the dealing.

64(2)  [Officer may refuse to deliver goods]  

A customs officer may refuse to deliver the goods concerned unless the tax has been paid.

SECTION 64A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  NORMAL DUE DATE FOR PAYMENT OF TAX (OTHER THAN TAX ON A CUSTOMS DEALING)   64A 

Tax that is payable by a person in respect of dealings (other than customs dealings) with Part 7A goods during a month becomes due for payment at the end of the 21st day after the end of that month, or at such later time as the Commissioner determines.

SECTION 65 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MAY BRING FORWARD DUE DATE IF TAXPAYER ABOUT TO LEAVE AUSTRALIA   65  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 66 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MAY EXTEND TIME FOR PAYMENT   66  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 67 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MANNER IN WHICH TAX MUST BE PAID  

67(1)  [Customs dealing]  

Tax on a customs dealing must be paid at the same place, and in the same manner, as customs duty is payable on the goods (or would be payable if the goods were subject to customs duty).

67(2)  [Other tax]  

Any other tax must be paid at the place, and in the manner, determined by the Commissioner.

67(3)  [``tax'']  

In this section:

``tax'' includes penalty under Part 9 and late-payment penalty.

SECTION 68 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   UNPAID TAX  

68(1)  [General interest charge]  

If any of the tax which a person is liable to pay remains unpaid after the time by which the tax is due to be paid, the person is liable to pay the general interest charge on the unpaid amount for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the tax was due to be paid; and

(b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

(i) the tax;
(ii) general interest charge on any of the tax.
Note:

The general interest charge is worked out under Division 1 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

68(2)  [``tax'']  

In this section:

``tax'' includes penalty under Part 9.

68(3)  (Repealed by No 11 of 1999)

68(4)  (Repealed by No 11 of 1999)

68(5)  (Repealed by No 11 of 1999)

Division 3 - Recovery of tax

SECTION 69 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   RECOVERY OF UNPAID TAX   69  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 70 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   RECOVERY OF TAX PAID ON BEHALF OF ANOTHER PERSON   70  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 71 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   RECOVERY OF TAX FROM JOINT TAXPAYERS   71  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 72 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   RECOVERY OF TAX FROM TRUSTEE OF DECEASED TAXPAYER   72  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 73 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   RECOVERY OF TAX FROM UNADMINISTERED DECEASED ESTATE   73  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 74 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MAY COLLECT MONEY FROM PERSON WHO OWES MONEY TO A TAXPAYER   74  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 75 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SERVICE OF NOTICES IN RECOVERY PROCEEDINGS IF TAXPAYER ABSENT FROM AUSTRALIA ETC.   75  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

Division 4 - Remission of tax

SECTION 76 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REMISSION OF TAX NOT PAID WITHIN 3 YEARS AFTER IT BECAME PAYABLE  

76(1)  [Failure to pay tax within 3 years]  

The Commissioner must remit any tax that has not been paid within 3 years after the time when it became payable, unless:

(a)  within the period of 3 years, the Commissioner has required payment of the tax by a notice in writing served on the person liable to pay the tax; or

(b)  the Commissioner is satisfied that payment of the tax was avoided by fraud or evasion.

76(2)  (Repealed by No 11 of 1999)

76(3)  [``tax'']  

In this section:

``tax'' includes amounts payable under Part 7A, penalty under Part 9 and late-payment penalty.

SECTION 77 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REMISSION IF TAX UNDERPAID IN RELIANCE ON COMMISSIONER'S INTERPRETATION OF THE SALES TAX LAW  

77(1)  [Application]  

This section applies to a taxpayer if:

(a)  the Commissioner alters a previous ruling that applied to the taxpayer; and

(b)  in reliance on the previous ruling, the taxpayer has underpaid tax on a dealing that happened before the alteration.

77(2)  [Remission of underpaid tax]  

The Commissioner must remit the underpaid tax unless the Commissioner is satisfied that the taxpayer contributed to the giving, or continuing in force, of the earlier ruling by a mis-statement or suppression of a material fact.

77(3)  [Application and alteration of ruling]  

The following rules apply in deciding whether a ruling applies to a particular taxpayer, or whether a ruling has been altered:

(a)  a private ruling applies only to the person to whom it was given;

(b)  so far as a private ruling conflicts with an earlier public ruling, the private ruling prevails;

(c)  so far as a public ruling conflicts with an earlier private ruling, the public ruling prevails;

(d)  an alteration that a later ruling makes to an earlier ruling is disregarded so far as the alteration results from a change in the law that came into operation (or was taken to have come into operation) after the time when the earlier ruling was given.

77(4)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``private ruling'' means a ruling given to a particular person;

``public ruling'' means a ruling other than a private ruling;

``ruling'' means any written ruling, decision, advice or assessment given or published by the Commissioner, including one that has been previously altered.

PART 6 - REGISTRATION

SECTION 78 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REGISTRATION  

78(1)  [Grounds for registration]  

A person ( ``the applicant'' ) may apply for registration if the applicant does, or intends to do, any of the following in the course of a business:

(a)  manufacturing assessable goods in Australia;

(b)  making any of the following kinds of Australian sales of assessable goods:

(i) wholesale sales;
(ii) indirect marketing sales;
(iii) sales of goods for use by the purchaser as raw materials in the manufacture in Australia of assessable goods;

(c)  making Australian sales of assessable goods to eligible Australian travellers, or eligible foreign travellers, in accordance with the prescribed rules for export sales;

(d)  things that would satisfy the requirements of an exemption [R] Item (if they were done by a registered person).

78(2)  [Commissioner must register]  

If the applicant complies with this section, the Commissioner must register the applicant unless the Commissioner refuses registration under section 79.

78(3)  [Period of registration]  

The registration remains in force until the applicant ceases to exist or the registration is cancelled.

78(4)  [Section 8 to be disregarded]  

Section 8 is to be disregarded in deciding whether the applicant satisfies a ground in subsection (1) of this section.

78(5)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``Australian sale'' means a sale that happens at a time when the goods are in Australia;

``manufacture'' does not include the duplication of a computer program so as to produce a tax-advantaged computer program.

SECTION 79 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MAY REFUSE REGISTRATION  

79(1)  [Commissioner may refuse application]  

The Commissioner may refuse to register the applicant if:

(a)  the application is false or misleading in a material particular (either because of something stated in the application or something left out); or

(b)  the applicant has at any time been convicted of an offence against section 91.

79(2)  [Affected persons may object]  

A person who is affected by a decision to refuse to register and is dissatisfied with the decision may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 80 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION  

80(1)  [Commissioner may cancel registration]  

The Commissioner may cancel a person's registration if:

(a)  the person no longer satisfies any registration ground; or

(b)  the person's application for registration is false or misleading in a material particular (either because of something stated in the application or something left out); or

(c)  the person has at any time been convicted of an offence against section 91.

80(2)  [Application to cancel registration]  

The Commissioner must cancel a person's registration if the person applies for the registration to be cancelled.

80(3)  [Person may object to cancellation decision]  

A person who is affected by a cancellation decision and is dissatisfied with the decision may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 81 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REGISTERED PERSON MUST NOTIFY COMMISSIONER OF CERTAIN MATTERS  

81(1)  [Registered person to notify Commissioner]  

A registered person must notify the Commissioner if:

(a)  the person changes address; or

(b)  a time comes when the person no longer satisfies any registration ground.

81(2)  [Time of notification]  

The notification must be made within 21 days after the change of address or the time mentioned in paragraph (1)(b).

PART 7 - QUOTING

SECTION 82 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   STANDARD GROUNDS FOR QUOTING REGISTRATION NUMBER  

82(1)  [Grounds for quoting]  

A registered person ( ``the quoter'' ) may quote a registration number for a dealing with goods if, at the time of quoting, the quoter has the intention of dealing with the goods in any of the following ways:

(a)  selling the goods by wholesale, or by indirect marketing sale, while the goods are in Australia;

(b)  selling the goods, by any kind of sale, while they are in Australia (this ground is available only if the quoter is mainly a wholesaler at the time of quoting);

(c)  selling the goods to any registered person who quotes for the sale;

(d)  selling the goods, while they are in Australia, to a particular unregistered person who has quoted an exemption declaration for the sale;

(e)  selling the goods in circumstances that will be exempted by section 30;

(ea)  selling the goods, in accordance with the prescribed rules for export sales, to a purchaser who is an eligible Australian traveller;

(f)  using the goods so as to satisfy an exemption Item that is in force at the time of quoting;

(g)  granting an eligible long-term lease, an eligible short-term lease or a lease that will be exempted by section 32;

(h)  using the goods exclusively as mentioned in subsection 15A(3) or (4), while the goods are covered by an agreement under that subsection.

82(2)  [Meaning of ``mainly a wholesaler'']  

For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), the quoter is mainly a wholesaler at the quoting time only if:

(a)  wholesale sales and indirect marketing sales account for more than half of the total value of all sales of assessable goods by the quoter during the 12 months ending at the quoting time; or

(b)  the quoter has an expectation (based on reasonable grounds) that wholesale sales and indirect marketing sales will account for more than half of the total value of all sales of assessable goods by the quoter during the 12 months starting at the quoting time.

For this purpose, the value of a sale of goods is the price for which t he goods are sold.

82(3)  [Goods to be used as exported containers]  

The quoter may also quote a registration number for a dealing with goods ( ``the current goods'' ) if:

(a)  at the time of quoting, the quoter has the intention that:

(i) the current goods will be applied to the quoter's own use in a way that results in them becoming a container for other property; and
(ii) immediately after that application to own use, the contents of the current goods will consist wholly of assessable goods (or assessable goods and their containers); and

(b)  at the time of quoting:

(i) the quoter has the intention of exporting the current goods with those contents; or
(ii) if the contents are to be packed on behalf of another person - the quoter expects that the other person will export the current goods with those contents. [The subsection (3) quoting ground would be available, for example, to a registered manufacturer when purchasing boxes to be used to pack the manufacturer's products that are to be exported.]

SECTION 83 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   STANDARD GROUNDS FOR QUOTING EXEMPTION DECLARATION  

83(1)  [Unregistered person may quote exemption declaration]  

An unregistered person ( ``the quoter'' ) may quote an exemption declaration for a dealing with goods if, at the time of quoting, the quoter has the intention of dealing with the goods in any of the following ways:

(a)  using the goods so as to satisfy an exemption Item that is in force at the time of quoting;

(b)  selling the goods, while they are in Australia, to a particular person who has quoted for the sale;

(c)  granting an eligible long-term lease, an eligible short-term lease or a lease that will be exempted by section 32;

(ca)  using the goods exclusively as mentioned in subsection 15A(3) or (4), while the goods are covered by an agreement under that subsection;

(d)  selling the goods in circumstances that will be exempted by paragraph 30(1)(c).

83(2)  [Goods to be used as exported containers]  

The quoter may also quote an exemption declaration for a dealing with goods ( ``the current goods'' ) if:

(a)  at the time of quoting, the quoter has the intention that:

(i) the current goods will be applied to the quoter's own use in a way that results in them becoming a container for other property; and
(ii) immediately after that application to own use, the contents of the current goods will consist wholly of assessable goods (or assessable goods and their containers); and

(b)  at the time of quoting:

(i) the quoter has the intention of exporting the current goods with those contents; or
(ii) if the contents are to be packed on behalf of another person - the quoter expects that the other person will export the current goods with those contents. [The subsection (2) ground would be available, for example, to an unregistered manufacturer when purchasing boxes to be used to pack the manufacturer's products that are to be exported.]

SECTION 84 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ADDITIONAL QUOTING GROUNDS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES   84 

The Commissioner may authorise a registered person to quote a registration number, or an unregistered person to quote an exemption declaration, in special circumstances in which the person would not otherwise be entitled to quote.

SECTION 85 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PERIODIC QUOTING  

85(1)  [Periodic quote not to exceed 12 months]  

A person ( ``the quoter'' ) may make a periodic quote under this section for purchases that the quoter proposes to make from a person ( ``the supplier'' ) during the period, not exceeding 12 months, covered by the periodic quote.

85(2)  [Registered persons]  

If the quoter is a registered person and makes such a periodic quote on or before the first day of the period to which the quote relates, the quoter is taken to have quoted a registration number for all purchases during the period from the supplier, other than purchases in respect of which the quoter has notified the supplier in accordance with subsection (3).

85(2A)  [Unregistered persons]  

If the quoter is an unregistered person and makes such a periodic quote on or before the first day of the period to which the quote relates, the quoter is taken to have quoted an exemption declaration for all purchases during the period from the supplier, other than purchases in respect of which the quoter has notified the supplier in accordance with subsection (3).

85(3)  [Quoter not entitled to quote]  

If the quoter is not entitled to quote for a particular purchase from the supplier during the period, the quoter must notify the supplier of that fact at or before the time of the purchase. The notification must be in the form and manner approved by the Commissioner.

Penalty for a contravention of this subsection: $2,000.

85(4)  [Application of sec 89]  

Section 89 applies to a quote that the quoter is taken to have made under subsection (2) or (2A) of this section for a particular purchase.

SECTION 86 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   MANNER IN WHICH QUOTE MUST BE MADE  

86(1)  [Form and manner of quote]  

A quote (including a periodic quote) must be made in the form and manner approved by the Commissioner.

86(2)  [Time of quote]  

A quote for a dealing is not effective unless it is made at or before the time of the dealing.

SECTION 87 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REGISTERED PERSON NOT ENTITLED TO QUOTE AN EXEMPTION DECLARATION, AND VICE VERSA  

87(1)  [Unregistered person]  

An unregistered person is not entitled to quote a registration number.

87(2)  [Registered person]  

A registered person is not entitled to quote an exemption declaration.

SECTION 88 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   INCORRECT QUOTE NEVERTHELESS EFFECTIVE FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES   88 

If a person quotes in circumstances in which the person is not entitled to quote, or in a manner that does not comply with subsection 86(1), the quote is nevertheless:

(a)  effective for the purposes of section 15; and

(b)  effective for the purpose of sections 27 and 28, unless section 89 applies.

SECTION 89 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   QUOTE NOT EFFECTIVE FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES IF THERE ARE GROUNDS FOR BELIEVING IT WAS IMPROPERLY MADE   89 

A quote is not effective, so far as it would have resulted in an exemption or a ground for a CR8 credit, if at the time of the quote the person to whom the quote is made has reasonable grounds for believing that:

(a)  the quoter is not entitled to quote in the particular circumstances; or

(b)  the quote is not made in the form and manner required by subsection 86(1); or

(c)  the quote is false or misleading in a material particular (either because of something stated in the quote or something left out).

SECTION 90 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   QUOTE ON GOODS APPLIES ALSO TO CONTAINER FOR THE GOODS   90 

A quote made for an assessable dealing with goods ( ``the contents'' ) applies also to any other assessable goods that are a container for the contents at the time of the assessable dealing.

SECTION 91 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   IMPROPER QUOTING IS AN OFFENCE   91 

A person must not, in relation to any dealing with goods:

(a)  falsely represent that the person is a registered person; or

(b)  quote a registration number or exemption declaration:

(i) in circumstances in which the person is not entitled to quote; or
(ii) in contravention of subsection 86(1); or

(c)  in any other way falsely quote a registration number or exemption declaration.

Penalty: 20 penalty units.

PART 7A - ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DEALINGS WITH CERTAIN GOODS

Division 1 - Purpose, overview and interpretation

SECTION 91A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  PURPOSE OF PART   91A  This Part establishes a system of additional requirements for dealings with certain goods for the purpose of overcoming problems of sales tax evasion.

SECTION 91B [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  OVERVIEW OF PART   91B  This Part establishes a system of additional requirements for dealings with certain goods. These goods are called Part 7A goods.

This Part establishes a system of accrediting persons (see Division 2).

Most quotes in relation to dealings with Part 7A goods must be authorised by the Commissioner. An authorisation will only be given where the person quoting is accredited (see Division 3).

In addition, sales tax must be withheld by the purchaser of goods in certain transactions (see Division 4).

SECTION 91C [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  MEANING OF PART 7A GOODS  

91C(1)  [Interpretation]  

``Part 7A goods'' are goods that, if imported, would be covered by a description and corresponding tariff classification specified in the following table:

91C(2)  [Prescribed goods]  

Goods are also ``Part 7A goods'' if they are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

91C(3)  [Excluded goods]  

However, goods are not ``Part 7A goods'' if they are prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

91C(4)  [Definition]  

In subsection (1):

``tariff classification'' means the tariff classification under which the goods are classified for the purposes of the Customs Tariff Act 1995.

SECTION 91D [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  WHEN A PERSON IS RELEVANT TO AN APPLICATION  

91D(1)  [Interpretation]  

A person (the ``relevant person'' ) is ``relevant to an application'' made by another person (the ``applicant'' ) if:

(a)  the applicant is accustomed or under an obligation, or might reasonably be expected, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the relevant person; or

(b)  the applicant is a company and the directors of the applicant are accustomed or under an obligation, or might reasonably be expected, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the relevant person; or

(c)  the applicant is a company and the relevant person is a director of the company; or

(d)  the applicant is a trust and the relevant person is a trustee of the trust; or

(e)  the applicant is a partnership and the relevant person is a partner in the partnership.

91D(2)  [Application]  

Paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) apply:

(a)  whether the obligation is formal or informal; and

(b)  whether the directions, instructions or wishes are, or might reasonably be expected to be, communicated directly or through interposed companies, partnerships or trusts.

Division 2 - Accreditation

SECTION 91E [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  OVERVIEW OF DIVISION   91E  Only certain registered persons or other persons may be accredited (section 91F).

To be accredited, people must also meet a number of conditions or be exempted from meeting particular conditions by the Commissioner (section 91G).

Even if people meet the conditions, the Commissioner has a discretion to refuse to accredit persons (section 91K).

Accreditation may be withdrawn by the Commissioner (section 91J).

A person who is accredited must comply with requirements about record-keeping and advising the Commissioner of certain matters (sections 91N and 91P).

SECTION 91F [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  WHO MAY APPLY FOR ACCREDITATION  

91F(1)  Registered persons.  

A registered person may apply for accreditation.

91F(2)  People who grant certain leases.  

A person (whether or not registered) may apply for accreditation if he or she has granted, or intends to grant, leases of Part 7A goods:

(a)  that are eligible long-term leases or eligible short-term leases; or

(b)  in relation to which section 32 would apply.

91F(3)  People who can quote under section 84.  

A person (whether or not registered) who the Commissioner has allowed to quote under section 84 for a dealing with Part 7A goods may apply for accreditation.

91F(4)  Others may apply if Commissioner allows.  

Any other person may, with the agreement of the Commissioner, apply for accreditation.

SECTION 91G [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCREDITATION  

91G(1)  [Nine requirements must be satisfied]  

To be accredited, a person must satisfy all of the following requirements other than those that the Commissioner exempts the person from satisfying.

91G(2)  [Business premises]  

The first requirement is that the person must have conducted the business activities in respect of which accreditation has been sought at or from established premises that were advertised to the public as being premises from which the business was carried on.

91G(3)  [Tax file number]  

The second requirement is that the person must have a tax file number and must have quoted that tax file number in relation to each account maintained by the person for business purposes with a financial institution.

91G(4)  [Separate bank accounts]  

The third requirement is that, if the person is an individual, the person must conduct all financial transactions relating to the business through a bank account that is, or bank accounts that are, separate from any private or domestic account maintained by the person.

91G(5)  [Satisfactory compliance with tax Acts]  

The fourth requirement is that the person, and each person who is relevant to the person's application, must have satisfactorily complied with his or her obligations under Acts administered by the Commissioner for the period of 3 years before the date of the application.

91G(6)  [Record-keeping]  

The fifth requirement is that the person must have maintained records in English in relation to the period of 3 years before the date of the application including details of purchases and sales of goods, the names of suppliers and customers, details of purchases and sales in relation to which sales tax was not paid and details of credits claimed. The records must be located in Australia and may be kept and retained in written or electronic form.

91G(7)  [Residency]  

The sixth requirement is that:

(a)  if the person is an individual - the person; or

(b)  if the person is a company - at least one director of the company; or

(c)  if the person is a trust - the trustee of the trust; or

(d)  if the person is a partnership - at least one partner in the partnership;

is an Australian citizen or is the holder of a permanent visa (within the meaning of the Migration Act 1958).

91G(8)  [Convictions]  

The seventh requirement is that, in the period of 3 years before the date of the application:

(a)  the person has not, whether in Australia or another country, been convicted of any offence, or been subject to any penalty, in relation to taxation requirements, customs requirements, the misdescription of goods, trade practices, fair trading or the defrauding of a government; or

(b)  if the person is not an individual - no person who is relevant to the person's application, whether in Australia or another country, has been convicted of any offence, or been subject to any penalty, in relation to taxation requirements, customs requirements, the misdescription of goods, trade practices, fair trading or the defrauding of a government.

91G(9)  [Accreditation refused or revoked]  

The eighth requirement is that:

(a)  the person has not been refused accreditation or had his or her accreditation revoked in the previous 3 years; or

(b)  if the person is not an individual - no person who is relevant to the person's application has been refused accreditation or had his or her accreditation revoked in the previous 3 years.

91G(10)  [A person relevant to an application]  

The ninth requirement is that:

(a)  the person has not, in the previous 3 years, been a person who is relevant to another person's application at a time when the other person's application did not satisfy the previous eight requirements; or

(b)  if the person is not an individual - no person who is relevant to the person's application has, in the previous 3 years, been a person who is relevant to another person's application at a time when the other person's application did not satisfy the previous eight requirements.

91G(11)  [Definition of ``bank'']  

In this section:

``bank'' includes, but is not limited to, a body corporate that is an ADI (authorised deposit-taking institution) for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959.

SECTION 91H [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  APPLICATION FOR ACCREDITATION  

91H(1)  [Approved form]  

An application for accreditation must be in a form approved in writing by the Commissioner for the purpose and must contain the information necessary for the proper completion of the form.

91H(2)  Electronic applications.  

An approval given by the Commissioner of a form of application may require or permit the application to be given on a specified kind of data processing device, or by way of electronic transmission, in accordance with specified software requirements.

SECTION 91J [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  GRANTING OF ACCREDITATION  

91J(1)  [Commissioner must accredit]  

If the Commissioner receives an application that is properly made under section 91H and the applicant satisfies all necessary tests under section 91G, the Commissioner must accredit the applicant unless the Commissioner exercises his or her discretion under section 91K.

91J(2)  [Period of accreditation]  

Once granted, accreditation remains in force until the end of any period specified by the Commissioner unless it is revoked under section 91L.

91J(3)  [Form of accreditation]  

The accreditation may be given in writing or by way of electronic transmission.

SECTION 91K [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  COMMISSIONER'S DISCRETION TO REFUSE ACCREDITATION   91K 

The Commissioner may refuse to accredit a person if:

(a)  the Commissioner has reasonable grounds for believing that sales tax will not be, or is unlikely to be, paid in relation to transactions with Part 7A goods dealt with by the person; or

(b)  the person's application is false or misleading in a material particular (either because of something stated in the application or something left out);

and the Commissioner believes that the refusal would assist in achieving the purpose of this Part.

SECTION 91L [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  REVOCATION OF ACCREDITATION  

91L(1)  [Commissioner's discretion to revoke]  

The Commissioner may, by written notice given to a person, revoke the person's accreditation at a particular time if the Commissioner believes that, if the person made an application at that time:

(a)  the person would not be covered by section 91F; or

(b)  the person would not satisfy all of the requirements in section 91G; or

(c)  the Commissioner would exercise his or her discretion under section 91K.

91L(2)  [Request for revocation]  

If a person requests the Commissioner to revoke his or her accreditation, the Commissioner must revoke the person's accreditation.

SECTION 91M [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  REVIEW OF DECISIONS ON ACCREDITATION   91M 

A person who is affected by a decision:

(a)  under section 91J or 91K to refuse to accredit; or

(b)  under section 91L to revoke accreditation;

and is dissatisfied with the decision may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 91N [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  ACCREDITED PERSONS TO ADVISE COMMISSIONER OF CERTAIN MATTERS  

91N(1)  [Circumstances requiring notification]  

This section applies if, at a particular time, a person who is accredited becomes aware that, if the person made an application for accreditation at that time:

(a)  the person would not be covered by section 91F; or

(b)  the person would not satisfy all of the requirements in section 91G.

91N(2)  [Time of notification]  

If this section applies, the accredited person must notify the Commissioner of that fact and provide the Commissioner with details of circumstances that cause this section to apply. The notification and the details must be given in writing within 7 days of the time mentioned in subsection (1).

91N(3)  Offence of contravening subsection (2).  

A person who contravenes subsection (2) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine not exceeding 50 penalty units.

SECTION 91P [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT TRANSACTIONS   91P 

In addition to any returns required under section 61, the Commissioner may direct a person to give to the Commissioner such information as the Commissioner:

(a)  requires in respect of dealings by the person with Part 7A goods; or

(b)  if the person is accredited - considers is relevant to the person's accreditation.

SECTION 91Q [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  COMMISSIONER MAY PUBLICISE WHO IS ACCREDITED  

91Q(1)  [Commissioner may publish accreditation or revocation]  

The Commissioner may publish, or otherwise publicise, the names, accreditation numbers and registration numbers of persons who are accredited or whose accreditation is revoked.

91Q(2)  [Commissioner may advise third parties]  

In addition, the Commissioner may, if requested:

(a)  advise a person whether or not another person is accredited and, if so, whether the person is registered; and

(b)  if the information is required for the purposes of section 91S, advise a person whether or not a person who is not accredited is registered.

91Q(3)  [Operation of section]  

This section operates despite anything in this Act or the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

Division 3 - Authorisation of certain transactions

SECTION 91R [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  OUTLINE OF DIVISION   91R  This Division provides for the Commissioner to authorise quotations in respect of particular dealings with goods. Without an authorisation, the quote will not be effective.

Authorisations may be sought, and may be given, in any way that the Commissioner decides. This could be orally or by way of electronic transmission.

The authorisation may be given in relation to a particular dealing or may be a standing authorisation that applies to specified kinds of dealings.

SECTION 91S [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  QUOTE NOT EFFECTIVE WITHOUT AUTHORISATION  

91S(1)  [Effective quote for Part 7A goods]  

A quote in relation to a dealing with Part 7A goods is only effective if:

(a)  the person quoting is accredited and the quote is authorised by the Commissioner; or

(b)  the quote is a quote of an exemption declaration, the dealing is not a local entry and the person making the quote intends to use the goods so as to satisfy an exemption item (other than a prescribed exemption item); or

(c)  the dealing is not a local entry and the person making the quote:

(i) is registered; and
(ii) is not acquiring the goods for resale; and
(iii) satisfies the low purchase value test (see subsections (2) and (3)) in relation to that dealing; or

(d)  the quote is made in prescribed circumstances; or

(e)  the person accepting the quote satisfies the Commissioner that he or she was satisfied on reasonable grounds that paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) applied.

91S(2)  [Low purchase value test]  

For a person to satisfy the low purchase value test in relation to a dealing (the ``current dealing'' ), the total of the value of:

(a)  the current dealing; and

(b)  all other acquisitions of Part 7A goods for which the person quoted, or which were not taxable because of section 30 or 32, in the 12 months before the current dealing;

must be less than $6,000 or such other amount as is prescribed.

91S(3)  [Expectation that acquisition will be below low purchase value threshold]  

In addition, the person must have an expectation (based on reasonable grounds) that the total of the value of all acquisitions of Part 7A goods by the person in the 12 months after the current dealing for which the person will quote, or which will not be taxable because of section 30 or 32, will be less than $6,000 or such other amount as is prescribed.

91S(4)  [Seller to obtain written confirmation from purchaser]  

For a person (the ``seller'' ) to be satisfied that another person (the ``purchaser'' ) satisfies the low purchase value test in relation to a dealing, the seller must obtain from the purchaser a signed statement, in a form approved in writing by the Commissioner, that the purchaser satisfies the low purchase value test in relation to the dealing.

91S(5)  [False representation penalty]  

A person must not, in relation to any dealing with goods, falsely represent that the person satisfies the low purchase value test in relation to that dealing.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

SECTION 91T [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  METHOD OF OBTAINING AUTHORISATION  

91T(1)  [Authorisation to be in approved manner]  

A person who wants an authorisation in relation to a quote for a dealing must seek the authorisation in a manner approved in writing by the Commissioner.

91T(2)  [Single quotes and standing authorisations]  

The person may seek authorisation in relation to a single quote or in relation to quotes for a class of dealings. An authorisation in relation to a class of dealings is a ``standing authorisation'' .

91T(3)  [Form of approval]  

Without limiting the Commissioner's power under subsection (1), the Commissioner may approve authorisations being sought orally or by way of electronic transmission.

SECTION 91U [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  GIVING OF AUTHORISATION BY COMMISSIONER  

91U(1)  [Single dealings]  

If a person seeks an authorisation in relation to a single dealing, the Commissioner must give the authorisation unless:

(a)  the person making the quote is not accredited; or

(b)  the quote would not be effective even if the Commissioner authorised it; or

(c)  the Commissioner considers that there are reasonable grounds for believing that sales tax will not be, or is unlikely to be, paid in relation to the dealing or in relation to other dealings with those Part 7A goods. EXPARAExample: The Commissioner may believe that sales tax will not be paid in relation to a later sale to a retailer that is made by the person who buys the goods from the person making the application.

91U(2)  [Standing authorisations]  

If a person seeks a standing authorisation, the Commissioner may give the standing authorisation if the Commissioner considers that there are reasonable grounds for believing that sales tax will be paid in relation to all dealings that would be covered by the standing authorisation and in relation to other dealings with the goods covered by those dealings.

91U(3)  [Commissioner's discretion to give standing authorisation]  

The Commissioner may also, on his or her own initiative, give a person a standing authorisation covering such dealings as the Commissioner determines if the Commissioner considers that there are reasonable grounds for believing that sales tax will be paid in relation to all dealings that would be covered by the standing authorisation.

91U(4)  [Standing authorisation not effective]  

A standing authorisation does not cover a quote if:

(a)  the person making the quote is not accredited; or

(b)  the quote would not be effective even if the Commissioner authorised it.

91U(5)  [Revoking standing authorisation]  

The Commissioner may, by written notice, revoke a standing authorisation.

91U(6)  [Person may object to authorisation decision]  

A person who is affected by a decision:

(a)  to refuse to authorise a transaction; or

(b)  to refuse to give a standing authorisation; or

(c)  to revoke a standing authorisation;

and is dissatisfied with the decision may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

91U(7)  [Commissioner not limited to person's dealings]  

In determining that there are reasonable grounds for believing that sales tax will not be, or is unlikely to be, paid in relation to transactions with Part 7A goods dealt with by the person, the Commissioner is not limited to considering dealings to which the person is a party.

SECTION 91V [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  FORM OF AUTHORISATIONS   91V 

An authorisation may be given in such form, including orally or by way of electronic transmission, as the Commissioner considers appropriate.

Division 4 - Withholding of sales tax on dealings with Part 7A goods

SECTION 91W [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  OUTLINE OF DIVISION   91W  This Division provides for the withholding of sales tax from payments in respect of certain dealings with Part 7A goods. The dealings are those where an accredited person or a retailer purchases goods from an unaccredited person.

It also sets out the way in which the tax, and associated forms, must be sent to the Commissioner.

SECTION 91X [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  WITHHOLDING OF SALES TAX  

91X(1)  [Payments by accredited persons]  

If an accredited person makes a payment to a person in respect of a taxable dealing that is the purchase of Part 7A goods for the purpose of resale from a person who is not accredited, the accredited person must deduct the withholding amount from the payment.

91X(2)  [Payments by retailers]  

If, after the day prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, a person who is a retailer in relation to particular Part 7A goods makes a payment to a person in respect of a taxable dealing that is the purchase of those Part 7A goods from a person who is not accredited, the retailer must deduct the withholding amount from the payment.

91X(3)  [Reasonable belief that person accredited]  

Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the accredited person, or the retailer (as the case requires):

(a)  took reasonable steps to determine whether the other person was accredited; and

(b)  as a result, reasonably believed that the other person was accredited.

91X(4)  [Penalty]  

A person, other than a government body, who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a maximum fine of 20 penalty units.

SECTION 91Y [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  WORKING OUT THE WITHHOLDING AMOUNT  

91Y(1)  [Payment for Part 7A goods only]  

The ``withholding amount'' for a payment that is made in respect of the purchase of Part 7A goods where the purchase involves only Part 7A goods and an invoice is given for the purchase is:

  [                                   ]    Amounts previously
  [ Schedule 4   Taxable value of the ]   withheld in respect
  [    rate    x    Part 7A goods     ] -    of those goods

      

91Y(2)  [Other payments]  

In any other case, the ``withholding amount'' for a payment that is made in respect of the purchase of Part 7A goods is:

  [              Notional wholesale ]    Amounts previously
  [ Schedule 4 x  selling price of  ] - withheld in respect
  [    rate       the Part 7A goods ]     of those goods

      

91Y(3)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``notional wholesale selling price'' has the same meaning as in Table 1 in Schedule 1.

``Schedule 4 rate'' is the rate of tax that applies to taxable dealings with goods covered by Schedule 4 to the Exemptions and Classifications Act.

SECTION 91Z [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  REPORTING AND REMITTING AMOUNTS  

91Z(1)  [Remitting amounts to Commissioner]  

A person who makes one or more payments covered by section 91X in a month must send all amounts deducted under section 91X from the payments to the Commissioner within 21 days after the end of the month (or such longer period as the Commissioner allows).

91Z(2)  [Documentation requirements]  

The person must also:

(a)  complete and sign a withholding advice form in respect of the amounts; and

(b)  make 2 copies of the form; and

(c)  give a copy of the form to the seller; and

(d)  send the form to the Commissioner within 21 days after the end of the month (or such longer period as the Commissioner allows).

91Z(2A)  [Failure to notify or incorrect notification]  

If the person fails to send to the Commissioner the form notifying the amounts, or notifies the Commissioner of one or more amounts that are less than the correct amount, the person is liable to pay the failure to notify penalty on the total of the amounts, or on the amount of the shortfall, for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the person was required to send the form to the Commissioner; and

(b)  finishes at the end of the day before the Commissioner receives from the person the form notifying the correct amounts, or the Commissioner otherwise becomes aware of the correct amounts.

91Z(3)  [Retention of records]  

The person must keep the copies of all of the forms that the person is required to make under this section (other than those copies required to be given to the seller or sent to the Commissioner) for at least 5 years after the end of the financial year in which the payments to which the copies relate were made. The copies must be kept in Australia.

91Z(4)  [Penalty for contravention of subsec (1)]  

A person, other than a government body, who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by imprisonment for 12 months. In addition, the court may order the person to pay to the Commissioner as a penalty an amount not greater than the amount required to be deducted under section 91X from any payment to which the contravention relates.

91Z(5)  [Penalty for contravention of subsec (2) or (3)]  

A person, other than a government body, who contravenes subsection (2) or (3) is guilty of an offence punishable on conviction by a fine of 20 penalty units.

SECTION 91ZA [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  REFUND OF DEDUCTIONS IN CERTAIN CASES  

91ZA(1)  [Commissioner may refund deduction]  

If a person has applied for a refund and the Commissioner is satisfied that:

(a)  a deduction was made from a payment to the applicant; and

(b)  the whole or a part of the amount of the deduction (the ``relevant amount'' ) was made due to an act or omission of the applicant or another person; and

(c)  having regard to:

(i) the purposes of this Division; and
(ii) the nature of the act or omission referred to in paragraph (b); and
(iii) such other matters (if any) as the Commissioner thinks fit;

it would be fair and reasonable to refund the relevant amount to the applicant, the Commissioner must refund the relevant amount to the applicant.

91ZA(2)  [No credit for refunded deduction]  

No person is entitled to a credit in respect of an amount refunded under subsection (1).

91ZA(3)  [Affected persons may object]  

A person who is affected by a decision to refuse to refund an amount under subsection (1) and is dissatisfied with the decision may object against the decision in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 91ZB [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  FAILURE TO MAKE DEDUCTIONS FROM PAYMENTS  

91ZB(1)  [Liability for penalty]  

If a person, other than a government body, making a payment does not deduct from the payment the amount required to be deducted under this Division, the person is liable to pay to the Commissioner an amount, by way of penalty, equal to the amount not deducted.

91ZB(2)  [Time for payment]  

The person must pay the penalty amount by the time by which, if the person had deducted the amount required to be deducted, the person would have been required to pay that amount to the Commissioner.

91ZB(3)  [Interest on penalty]  

If any of the penalty amount remains unpaid after the time by which it is due to be paid, the person is liable to pay the general interest charge on the unpaid penalty amount for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the penalty amount was due to be paid; and

(b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

(i) the penalty amount;
(ii) general interest charge on any of the penalty amount.
Note:

The general interest charge is worked out under Division 1 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

91ZB(4)  Government bodies.  

If a government body making a payment does not deduct from the payment the amount required to be deducted under this Division, the government body is liable to pay the general interest charge on the amount not deducted for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which, if the government body had deducted the amount, the government body would have been required to pay the amount to the Commissioner; and

(b)  finishes at the end of 30 June in the financial year in which that day occurred.

Note:

The general interest charge does not apply to the Commonwealth or authorities of the Commonwealth: see subsection 8AAB(3) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 91ZC [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  FAILURE TO PAY DEDUCTED AMOUNTS   91ZC 

If any of the amount which a person must pay to the Commissioner under subsection 91Z(1) remains unpaid after the time by which it is due to be paid, the person is liable to pay the general interest charge on the unpaid amount for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the amount was due to be paid; and

(b)  finishes at the end of the last day on which, at the end of the day, any of the following remains unpaid:

(i) the amount;
(ii) general interest charge on any of the amount.
Note:

The general interest charge is worked out under Division 1 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 91ZD [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  INTERPRETATION  

91ZD(1)  [Meaning of ``government body'']  

In this Division:

``government body'' means the Commonwealth, a State, a Territory or an authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

91ZD(2)  [Meaning of ``retailer'']  

For the purposes of this Division, a person is a ``retailer'' of particular Part 7A goods if:

(a)  the person is mainly a retailer in relation to the Part 7A goods; and

(b)  the person did not manufacture the Part 7A goods; and

(c)  the person will not use the Part 7A goods as raw materials in manufacturing.

91ZD(3)  [Meaning of ``mainly a retailer'']  

A person is ``mainly a retailer'' in relation to particular Part 7A goods if the person sells Part 7A goods and:

(a)  wholesale sales and indirect marketing sales of Part 7A goods do not account for more than half of the total value of all sales of Part 7A goods by the person during the 12 months ending at the time of the relevant dealing with the particular Part 7A goods; or

(b)  the person has an expectation (based on reasonable grounds) that wholesale sales and indirect marketing sales of Part 7A goods will not account for more than half of the total value of all sales of Part 7A goods by the person during the 12 months starting at the time of the relevant dealing with the particular Part 7A goods.

For this purpose, the value of a sale of goods is the price for which the goods are sold.

Division 5 - General provisions about offences

SECTION 91ZE [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  FALSE REPRESENTATIONS  

91ZE(1)  [Accredited persons and authorised quotes]  

A person must not, in relation to any dealings with goods:

(a)  falsely represent that the person is an accredited person; or

(b)  falsely represent that a quote is authorised under section 91U.

Penalty: 50 penalty units.

91ZE(2)  [Interpretation]  

Strict liability applies to subsection (1).

Note:

For ``strict liability'' , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

SECTION 91ZF [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  APPLICATION OF THE CRIMINAL CODE   91ZF 

Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Part.

PART 8 - AVOIDANCE SCHEMES, NON-ARM'S LENGTH TRANSACTIONS ETC.

Division 1 - Avoidance schemes

SECTION 92 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   DIVISION ALLOWS CANCELLATION OF TAX BENEFITS UNDER AVOIDANCE SCHEMES  

92(1)  [Commissioner's discretion to cancel tax benefits]  

This Division allows the Commissioner to cancel tax benefits obtained under schemes to which the Division applies.

92(2)  [Tax benefit explained]  

Section 93 explains what it means to obtain a tax benefit under a scheme to which this Division applies.

92(3)  [Way Commissioner may cancel]  

Section 93A sets out the way in which the Commissioner may cancel a tax benefit.

SECTION 93 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OBTAINING A TAX BENEFIT UNDER A SCHEME TO WHICH THIS DIVISION APPLIES  

93(1)  [Obtaining a tax benefit]  

A taxpayer obtains a tax benefit under a scheme to which this Division applies that has been entered into or carried out by a person or persons (whether or not the taxpayer) if:

(a)  the taxpayer has obtained a tax benefit that:

(i) the taxpayer would not have obtained if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out; or
(ii) the taxpayer could reasonably be expected not to have obtained if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out (taking into account, among other relevant matters, any things that did not actually happen but could reasonably be expected to have happened if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out); and

(b)  having regard to the matters set out in subsection (2), it would be concluded that the scheme was entered into, or carried out, by all or any of the parties for the purpose or dominant purpose of obtaining a tax benefit for any person (whether or not that person is the taxpayer and whether or not that person is one of the parties).

93(2)  [Matters to have regard to]  

For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), the matters to have regard to are:

(a)  the manner in which the scheme was entered into or carried out;

(b)  the form and substance of the scheme;

(c)  the time at which the scheme was entered into and the length of the period during which the scheme was carried out;

(d)  the result in relation to the operation of the sales tax law that, but for this Division, would be achieved by the scheme;

(e)  any change in the financial position of the taxpayer that has resulted, or may reasonably be expected to result, from the scheme;

(f)  any change in the financial position of any person who has, or has had, any connection (whether of a business, family or other nature) with the taxpayer, being a change that has resulted, will result or may reasonably be expected to result, from the scheme;

(g)  any other consequence for the taxpayer, or for any person referred to in paragraph (f), of the scheme having been entered into or carried out;

(h)  the nature of any connection (whether of a business, family or other nature) between the taxpayer and any person referred to in paragraph (f);

but the matters do not include the actual purpose for which any person entered into or carried out the scheme.

93(3)  [Application of Division]  

This Division applies to:

(a)  a scheme that was entered into after 26 May 1992; or

(b)  a scheme that began to be carried out after 26 May 1992 (not including a scheme that was entered into on or before 26 May 1992).

93(4)  [Definitions]  

In this section:

``carrying out'' includes carrying out together with one or more other persons;

``dominant purpose'' , in relation to several purposes, means a purpose that is dominant when compared to all the remaining purposes taken together;

``scheme'' includes:

(a)  an arrangement that is not legally enforceable;

(b)  a course of conduct;

(c)  a unilateral scheme or course of conduct;

``tax benefit'' means:

(a)  any reduction in liability to tax; or

(b)  any increase in an entitlement to a credit.

SECTION 93A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  COMMISSIONER MAY CANCEL TAX BENEFITS OBTAINED UNDER SCHEMES TO WHICH THIS DIVISION APPLIES  

93A(1)  [Commissioner may cancel tax benefit]  

If a taxpayer obtains a tax benefit under a scheme to which this Division applies, the Commissioner may make an assessment that cancels the tax benefit.

93A(2)  [Compensating adjustments]  

The Commissioner may, in the assessment, do all or any of the following:

(a)  determine, for the purpose of cancelling the tax benefit, that particular things are to be treated as not having happened;

(b)  determine, for the purpose of cancelling the tax benefit, that particular things are to be treated as having been done by a different person or to have happened at a different time;

(c)  determine, for the purpose of cancelling the tax benefit, that particular things that did not actually happen are to be treated as having happened and, where appropriate:

(i) to have been done by a particular person; or
(ii) to have happened at a particular time.

93A(3)  [Amount payable]  

An amount that is payable by a taxpayer because of the cancellation of an entitlement to a credit is to be treated as if it were an amount of tax payable by the taxpayer. [The main effect of treating the amount as if it were tax is to apply the collection and recovery rules in Part 5.]

93A(4)  [Notice of assessment]  

Notice of the assessment may be included in any other notice of assessment under this Act that relates to the same person.

93A(5)  [Due date for payment]  

An amount payable under an assessment that is made under this section becomes due for payment on the day specified in the notice of assessment. The day must be at least 14 days after the date of issue of the assessment.

Division 2 - Non-arm's length transactions

SECTION 94 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ALTERATION OF TAX LIABILITY OR CREDIT IF AFFECTED BY NON-ARM'S LENGTH TRANSACTION  

94(1)  [Non-arm's length transactions]  

This section applies to a taxpayer if:

(a)  the taxpayer (or an associate) has been a party to a non-arm's length transaction; and

(b)  if the transaction had instead been an arm's length transaction, it would have been the case (or could reasonably be expected to have been the case) that:

(i) the liability of the taxpayer to tax on the non-arm's length transaction, or any other transaction, would have been increased; or
(ii) the entitlement of the taxpayer to a credit in connection with the non-arm's length transaction, or any other transaction, would have been reduced.

94(2)  [Amount of liability or credit]  

The liability or credit is taken always to have been the amount that it would have been (or could reasonably be expected to have been) if it had been based on an arm's length transaction instead of on the non-arm's length transaction.

Division 3 - Apportionment of global amounts

SECTION 95 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   APPORTIONMENT OF GLOBAL AMOUNTS  

95(1)  [Calculating price of goods sold]  

If there is a need to know the price for which particular goods were sold, but the parties have not allocated a particular amount to those goods, the price for which those goods were sold is (for the purposes of the sales tax law) the price for which the goods could reasonably be expected to have been sold if they had been sold separately.

95(2)  [Allocation of global amount]  

Similarly, if there is a need to know how much of a global amount relates to some other element of a transaction, but the parties have not allocated a particular amount to that element, the amount to be allocated to that element (for the purposes of the sales tax law) is the amount that could reasonably be expected to have been allocated to that element if that element had been the only subject matter of the transaction.

PART 9 - PENALTIES FOR NON-COMPLIANCE

SECTION 95A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  FAILURE TO NOTIFY AMOUNT OF TAX PAYABLE ON ASSESSABLE DEALINGS WITH GOODS  

95A(1)  [Liability for penalty]  

A taxpayer who fails to notify the amount of tax payable on an assessable dealing with goods in a return on or before the day on which the taxpayer must lodge a return under section 61 is liable to pay the failure to notify penalty on the amount of the tax payable.

95A(2)  [Shortfall penalty]  

A taxpayer who notifies the amount of tax payable on an assessable dealing with goods in a return that is less than the correct amount of the tax payable is liable to pay the failure to notify penalty on the amount of the shortfall.

95A(3)  [Calculation of penalty]  

The failure to notify penalty is payable for each day in the period that:

(a)  started at the beginning of the day by which the taxpayer was required to lodge the return; and

(b)  finishes at the end of the day before the Commissioner receives notification from the taxpayer, or otherwise becomes aware, of the correct amount.

95A(4)  [Interpretation]  

The ``failure to notify penalty'' means the penalty worked out under Division 2 of Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

SECTION 96 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO PROVIDE OTHER INFORMATION   96 

A taxpayer who fails to provide information (other than information in a return covered by section 95A) that the person is required to provide under the sales tax law in relation to goods is liable to a penalty equal to double the tax payable by the taxpayer on any assessable dealing with the goods.

SECTION 97 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PENALTY FOR MAKING FALSE STATEMENTS ETC.  

97(1)  [Liability to penalty]  

A person is liable to a penalty if:

(a)  the person:

(i) makes a false statement to a taxation officer; or
(ii) makes a false statement to someone who is not a taxation officer, for a purpose in connection with the operation of the sales tax law; (whether or not the person making the statement knows that it is a false statement); and

(b)  the tax properly payable by the person making the statement, or by the person to whom the statement is made, exceeds the tax that would have been calculated on the assumption that the statement was not a false statement. [An example of a statement covered by subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) is a false statement that a lessee of goods makes to the lessor about the lessee's intended use of the goods.]

97(2)  [Amount of penalty]  

The amount of the penalty is double the excess specified in paragraph (1)(b).

97(3)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``false statement'' means a statement (whether made orally, in a document or in any other way) that:

(a)  is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)  omits any matter or thing without which the statement is misleading in a material particular;

but does not include a statement made in a document produced under paragraph 108(1)(c);

``taxation officer'' means a person who is exercising powers, or performing functions, under or in connection with the sales tax law.

SECTION 98 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PENALTY IF GENERAL ANTI-AVOIDANCE PROVISION APPLIES   98 

If the Commissioner applies section 93A so as to cancel a tax benefit, the taxpayer who would have obtained the tax benefit is liable to pay a penalty equal to double the amount of that tax benefit.

SECTION 99 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ASSESSMENT OF PENALTY AND DUE DATE FOR PAYMENT  

99(1)  [Commissioner to make assessment]  

The Commissioner must make an assessment of penalty that is payable under this Part (other than failure to notify penalty under section 95A).

99(2)  [Included in another assessment]  

Notice of the assessment may be included in any other notice of assessment under this Act that relates to the same person.

99(3)  [Due date for payment]  

Penalty under this Part (other than section 95A) becomes due for payment on the day specified in the notice of assessment. The day must be at least 14 days after the date of issue of the assessment.

SECTION 100 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REMISSION OF PENALTY   100 

The Commissioner may remit all or any of the penalty that a person is liable to pay under this Part (other than failure to notify penalty under section 95A). The remission may be made either before or after the penalty is assessed.Note: The Commissioner may remit failure to notify penalty under section 8AAM of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

PART 10 - ADMINISTRATION OF THE SALES TAX LAW

Division 1 - Assessments

SECTION 101 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   GENERAL POWERS OF COMMISSIONER TO MAKE AN ASSESSMENT OF TAX PAYABLE BY A PERSON  

101(1)  [Commissioner may make an assessment at any time]  

The Commissioner may at any time make an assessment of tax payable by a person on an assessable dealing or assessable dealings (whether or not the Commissioner has previously made an assessment in relation to that dealing or any of those dealings).

101(2)  [Avoidance schemes]  

This section does not apply to an amount payable because of the cancellation of a tax benefit under section 93A.

SECTION 102 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TAXPAYER MAY REQUIRE COMMISSIONER TO MAKE AN ASSESSMENT  

102(1)  [Taxpayer may request assessment]  

A taxpayer may make a written request to the Commissioner for an assessment on a specified dealing on which tax may be payable by the taxpayer. The Commissioner must comply with the request if it is made within the time limits set by subsection (2).

102(2)  [Time for request]  

The request must be lodged with the Commissioner:

(a)  if the taxpayer is a quarterly remitter for the sales tax quarter in which the dealing happened - within 21 days after the end of that quarter, or within such further time as the Commissioner allows;

(b)  if the taxpayer is not a quarterly remitter for that sales tax quarter - within 21 days after the end of the month in which the dealing happened, or within such further time as the Commissioner allows.

SECTION 103 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TAXPAYER'S LIABILITY NOT DEPENDENT ON ASSESSMENT  

103(1)  [Taxpayer's liability to tax]  

A taxpayer's liability to tax on an assessable dealing, and the due date for payment of that tax, are not dependent on, or in any way affected by, the making of an assessment in respect of that dealing.

103(2)  [Avoidance schemes]  

This section does not apply to an amount payable because of the cancellation of a tax benefit under section 93A.

SECTION 104 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AMENDMENT OF ASSESSMENT   104 

The Commissioner may at any time amend an assessment. An amended assessment is an assessment for all purposes of the sales tax law.

SECTION 105 [Repealed by 101 of2006]   COMMISSIONER MUST GIVE THE TAXPAYER NOTICE OF THE ASSESSMENT   105 

The Commissioner must give the taxpayer notice of the assessment as soon as practicable after the assessment is made. However, failure to give the notice does not affect the validity of the assessment.

SECTION 106 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LATER ASSESSMENT PREVAILS IN CASE OF INCONSISTENCY   106 

If there is an inconsistency between assessments that relate to the same subject matter, the later assessment prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

SECTION 107 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TAXPAYER MAY OBJECT AGAINST ASSESSMENT   107 

A taxpayer who is dissatisfied with an assessment made in relation to the taxpayer may object against it in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

Division 2 - Information gathering

SECTION 108 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MAY DIRECT A PERSON TO PROVIDE INFORMATION  

108(1)  [Persons may be required to provide information etc]  

The Commissioner may direct a person to do all or any of the following:

(a)  to provide the Commissioner with such information as the Commissioner requires;

(b)  to attend and give evidence before the Commissioner or an authorised officer;

(c)  to produce to the Commissioner any documents in the custody or under the control of the person;

for the purpose of enabling the Commissioner to apply the sales tax law in relation to the person, or in relation to any other person.

108(2)  [Form and verification of answers]  

The Commissioner may direct that:

(a)  the information or answers to questions be given either orally or in writing (as the Commissioner requires);

(b)  the information or answers to questions be verified or given on oath or affirmation (being an oath or affirmation that the information or answers the person will give will be true).

108(3)  [Commissioner may administer oath]  

The Commissioner or an authorised officer may administer the oath or affirmation.

108(4)  [Expenses of attendance]  

The regulations may prescribe scales of expenses to be allowed to persons who are required to attend under this section.

SECTION 109 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ACCESS TO PREMISES ETC.  

109(1)  [Authorised access]  

For the purposes of the sales tax law, an authorised officer:

(a)  may, at all reasonable times, enter and remain on any land or premises;

(b)  is entitled to full and free access at all reasonable times to any documents, goods or other property;

(c)  may inspect, examine, make copies of, or take extracts from, any documents;

(d)  may inspect, examine, count, measure, weigh, gauge, test or analyse any goods or other property and, to that end, remove or take samples.

109(2)  [Production of written access authorisation]  

An authorised officer is not entitled to enter or remain on any land or premises if, after having been requested by the occupier to produce proof of his or her authority, the officer does not produce an authority signed by the Commissioner stating that the officer is authorised to exercise powers under this section.

109(3)  [Facilities and assistance to officers]  

If an authorised officer enters, or proposes to enter, land or premises under this section, the occupier must provide the officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the effective exercise of powers under this section.

Penalty for contravention of this subsection: $1,000.

SECTION 110 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PROTECTION OF CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION  

110(1)  [Treatment of protected information]  

This section restricts what a person ( ``the entrusted person'' ) may do with protected information, or protected documents, that the person has obtained in the course of official employment.

110(2)  [Recording and disclosure prohibited]  

The entrusted person must not make a record of protected information and must not disclose it to anyone else.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

110(3)  [Exceptions to prohibition]  

Each of the following is an exception to the prohibition in subsection (2):

(a)  the recording or disclosure is for the purposes of the sales tax law;

(b)  the recording or disclosure happens in the course of the official employment of the entrusted person;

(c)  the entrusted person is the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner and the disclosure is to:

(i) the Comptroller-General of Customs; or
(ii) another person for the purpose of that other person carrying out functions under a taxation law; or
(iii) the Administrative Appeals Tribunal in connection with proceedings under a taxation law;

(d)  the disclosure is by a person authorised by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner to disclose the information and the disclosure is made to:

(i) the Comptroller-General of Customs; or
(ii) another person for the purpose of that other person carrying out functions under an Act administered by the Commissioner;

(e)  the disclosure of information relating to goods to which section 15A of the Sales Tax (Exemptions and Classifications) Act 1992 applies:

(i) by a person authorised by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner; and
(ii) to a State or Territory officer for the purpose of that person administering an arrangement for the rebate, refund or other payment or credit by a State or Territory in respect of such goods.

110(4)  [Disclosure to a Minister]  

None of the exceptions in subsection (3) applies if the information is disclosed to a Minister.

110(5)  [No requirement to disclose to court]  

Except where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of giving effect to the sales tax law, the entrusted person is not to be required:

(a)  to produce any protected document to a court; or

(b)  to disclose protected information to a court.

110(5A)  [``Information relating to goods'' defined]  

For the purposes of paragraph 3(e), ``information relating to goods'' means the following:

(a)  the identity of parties to dealings with the goods;

(b)  the amount for which the goods are sold;

(c)  the taxable value of the goods;

(d)  the amount of tax paid, or payable, in respect of the goods and the identity of the person liable for the tax;

(e)  details of any credits to which a person is entitled in respect of the goods and the identity of that person.

110(6)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``disclose'' means divulge or communicate;

``official employment'' means:

(a)  appointment or employment by the Commonwealth, or the performance of services for the Commonwealth; or

(b)  the exercise of powers or performance of functions under a delegation by the Commissioner;

``protected document'' means any document made or given under, or for the purposes of, the sales tax law (for example, a return or notice of assessment);

``protected information'' means information that meets all the following conditions:

(a)  it relates to the affairs of a person other than the entrusted person;

(b)  it was obtained by the entrusted person, or by any other person, in the course of official employment;

(c)  it was disclosed or obtained under the sales tax law.

``State or Territory officer'' means a person holding an office prescribed for the purposes of this definition.

Division 3 - Miscellaneous

SECTION 111 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER HAS GENERAL ADMINISTRATION OF SALES TAX LAW   111 

The Commissioner has the general administration of the sales tax law.

SECTION 112 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COMMISSIONER MUST PREPARE ANNUAL REPORT  

112(1)  [Preparation of annual report]  

As soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, the Commissioner must prepare and give to the Minister a report on the working of the sales tax law during the year ending on that 30 June.

112(2)  [Report to include any breaches or evasions]  

The report must include a report on any breaches or evasions of the sales tax law that the Commissioner knows about.

112(3)  [Minister to present report to Parliament]  

The Minister must cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

SECTION 113 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   FORMAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RETURNS, NOTIFICATIONS ETC.   113 

Any return, application, notification or other document that a person is required or permitted to give to the Commissioner under this Act:

(a)  must be in a form approved by the Commissioner; and

(b)  must contain such information as the form requires, and such further information as the Commissioner requires; and

(c)  must be lodged at the place and in the manner that the Commissioner requires.

SECTION 114 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   NOTICES ETC. BY COMMISSIONER MUST BE IN WRITING   114 

Any notice, approval, direction or authority that the Commissioner may give, or must give, to a person under this Act must be in writing.

PART 11 - MISCELLANEOUS

Division 1 - Evidence in proceedings

SECTION 115 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   COURT MUST TAKE JUDICIAL NOTICE OF SIGNATURE OF COMMISSIONER ETC.  

115(1)  [Signed official documents]  

A court must take judicial notice of the signature of a person who holds or has held the office of Commissioner, Second Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner, if that signature appears on any official document in connection with the sales tax law.

115(2)  [Meaning of ``court'']  

In this section, ``court'' includes a tribunal and any judge or person acting judicially or authorised by law or consent of parties to hear, receive and examine evidence.

SECTION 116 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   EVIDENTIARY EFFECT OF NOTICE OF ASSESSMENT ETC.  

116(1)  [Particulars of assessment deemed to be correct]  

The production of:

(a)  a notice of assessment; or

(b)  a document that is signed by the Commissioner and appears to be a copy of a notice of assessment;

is conclusive evidence that the assessment was duly made and that the amounts and other particulars in the assessment are correct. This subsection does not apply in proceedings under Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 on a review or appeal relating to the assessment.

116(2)  [Credit decision deemed to be correct]  

The production of:

(a)  a notice of a credit decision; or

(b)  a document that is signed by the Commissioner and appears to be a copy of a notice of a credit decision;

is conclusive evidence that the credit decision was duly made and is correct. This subsection does not apply in proceedings under Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 on a review or appeal relating to the credit decision.

116(3)  [Document signed by Commissioner]  

The production of a document that is signed by the Commissioner and appears to be a copy of a document issued or served by the Commissioner is prima facie evidence that the document was so issued or served.

116(4)  [Copy made from document]  

The production of a document that is signed by the Commissioner and appears to be a copy of, or extract from, any document made or given by any person for the purposes of the sales tax law is evidence of the matter set out in the document to the same extent as the original document would have been evidence of that matter.

116(5)  [Evidence of signed certificate]  

The production of a certificate signed by the Commissioner certifying that an amount was, at the date of the certificate, due and payable by a person under the sales tax law is prima facie evidence of thematters stated in the certificate.

116(6)  [Notices in the Gazette]  

The production of a Gazette containing a notice that appears to have been issued by the Commissioner is prima facie evidence that the notice was issued by the Commissioner in the Gazette.

116(7)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``Commissioner'' includes a Second Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner;

``credit decision'' means the Commissioner's decision on a claim for a credit.

Division 2 - Special obligations etc. for particular taxpayers and other persons

SECTION 117 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   APPLICATION OF SALES TAX LAW TO PARTNERSHIPS  

117(1)  [Application of law as if partnership were a person]  

The sales tax law applies to a partnership as if the partnership were a person, but it applies with the following changes:

(a)  obligations that would be imposed on the partnership are imposed instead on each partner, but may be discharged by any of the partners;

(b)  the partners are jointly and severally liable to pay any amount that would be payable by the partnership;

(c)  any offence against the sales tax law that would otherwise be committed by the partnership is taken to have been committed by each of the partners.

117(2)  [Prosecution]  

In a prosecution of a person for an offence that the person is taken to have committed because of paragraph (1)(c), it is a defence if the person proves that the person:

(a)  did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the relevant act or omission; and

(b)  was not in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the person).

SECTION 118 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   APPLICATION OF SALES TAX LAW TO UNINCORPORATED COMPANIES  

118(1)  [Application of law as if company were a person]  

The sales tax law applies to an unincorporated company as if the company were a person, but it applies with the following changes:

(a)  obligations that would be imposed on the company are imposed instead on each member of the committee of management of the company, but may be discharged by any of those members;

(b)  any offence against this Act that would otherwise be committed by the company is taken to have been committed by each member of the committee of management of the company.

118(2)  [Prosecution]  

In a prosecution of a person for an offence that the person is taken to have committed because of paragraph (1)(b), it is a defence if the person proves that the person:

(a)  did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the relevant act or omission; and

(b)  was not in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the person).

SECTION 119 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   TRUSTEE TO BE TREATED AS SEPARATE PERSON FOR EACH TRUSTEE CAPACITY   119 

For the purpose of the sales tax law, a person who is a trustee in more than one capacity is to be treated as a separate person in relation to each of those capacities.

SECTION 120 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PUBLIC OFFICER OF A COMPANY  

120(1)  [Public officer]  

In the case of a company that is entitled to be registered, the person who is, from time to time, the public officer of the company for the purposes of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 is also the public officer of the company for the purposes of the sales tax law, and the public officer's address for service under that Act is also the public officer's address for service for the purpose of the sales tax law.

120(2)  [Responsibility for compliance with tax law]  

The public officer is answerable for doing everything required to be done by the company under the sales tax law, and in case of default is liable to the same penalties.

120(3)  [Proceeding against public officer]  

A proceeding under the sales tax law that is brought against the public officer is taken to have been brought against the company, and the company is liable jointly with the public officer for any penalty imposed on the public officer.

120(4)  [Actions of public officer]  

Everything done by the public officer that the public officer is required to do in that capacity is taken to have been done by the company.

120(5)  [Service of notices]  

Service of a notice or other document on the public officer or at the public officer's address for service is sufficient service on the company for the purposes of the sales tax law. If at any time there is no public officer of the company, service on a person who is acting or appears to be acting in the business of the company is sufficient.

120(6)  [Obligations or liabilities of a company]  

This section does not, by implication, reduce any of the obligations or liabilities of the company.

SECTION 121 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS ETC. OF A COMPANY  

121(1)  [Notice may be given to directors or other officers]  

Any notice, process or proceeding that may be given to, served upon or taken against a company or its public officer under the sales tax law may, if the Commissioner thinks fit, be given to, served on, or taken against a person ( ``the representative'' ) who is:

(a)  a director, secretary or other officer of the company; or

(b)  an attorney or agent of the company.

121(2)  [Liability of directors or other officers]  

The representative has the same liability in respect of the notice, process or proceeding as the company or public officer would have had if it had been given to, served upon or taken against the company or public officer.

121(3)  [Obligations or liabilities of company and public officer]  

This section does not, by implication, reduce any of the obligations or liabilities of the company or public officer.

SECTION 122 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SPECIAL OBLIGATIONS FOR AGENTS AND TRUSTEES  

122(1)  [Agents or trustees]  

This section sets out special obligations that apply to a person ( ``the representative'' ) who is an agent or trustee.

122(2)  [Obligations of agents or trustees]  

The representative has the following obligations:

(a)  the representative is answerable as taxpayer for doing all the things that the sales tax law requires to be done in relation to assessable dealings;

(b)  the representative must provide any returns or other information that this Act requires concerning the dealings;

(c)  the representative is liable to the tax on the dealings, but only in a representative capacity.

122(3)  [Payment of tax by agents or trustees]  

The representative must retain sufficient money to pay the tax out of any money that the representative holds in a representative capacity. The representative is indemnified for payments that the representative makes under the sales tax law in a representative capacity.

122(4)  [Agents or trustees may be personally liable]  

If the representative, without the permission of the Commissioner, disposes of money that the representative was required by subsection (3) to retain, the representative is personally liable to pay any tax that remains unpaid. This liability is limited to the amount that the representative disposed of in contravention of subsection (3).

122(5)  [Commissioner's remedies for ensuring payment]  

For the purpose of ensuring payment of the tax, the Commissioner has the same remedies against attachable property under the control of the representative as the Commissioner has against the property of any other taxpayer.

122(6)  [Agents' or trustees' obligation not reduced]  

This section does not reduce any obligation or liability of the representative that arises outside this section.

122(7)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``agent'' includes a person in Australia who manages or controls any business or property for another person who is outside Australia;

``tax'' includes penalty under Part 9 and late-payment penalty.

SECTION 123 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OBLIGATIONS OF LIQUIDATOR OR RECEIVER   123  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

SECTION 124 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   OBLIGATIONS OF AGENT WINDING UP BUSINESS FOR ABSENTEE PRINCIPAL   124  (Repealed by No 179 of 1999)

Division 3 - Miscellaneous offences

SECTION 125 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   SALES TAX MUST BE SPECIFIED ON INVOICE FOR WHOLESALE SALES   125 

A person who sells goods by wholesale at a price that includes tax that the person has or will become liable to pay on the goods must specify the amount of the tax on any invoice given to the purchaser.

Penalty: $2,000.

SECTION 126 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   FALSE PRETENCE CONCERNING AMOUNT OF SALES TAX BORNE   126 

A person must not obtain any payment or other benefit by means of a false pretence concerning the amount of tax borne by the person on goods.

Penalty: $5,000.

SECTION 127 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   PERSONS WITH POSSIBLE SALES TAX LIABILITY MUST KEEP RECORDS  

127(1)  [Type and retention of records]  

A person who is the taxpayer for an assessable dealing, or the claimant for a credit, must:

(a)  keep records that record and explain all transactions and other acts engaged in by the person that are relevant to that assessable dealing or credit claim;

(b)  retain those records for at least 5 years after the completion of the acts or transactions to which they relate.

127(2)  [Manner of keeping records]  

A person who is required by this section to keep records must keep the records:

(a)  in writing in the English language, or in such a form that they are readily accessible and can easily be converted into writing in the English language; and

(b)  so as to enable the person's liability under the sales tax law to be readily ascertained.

127(3)  [Retention not required]  

The person is not required to retain the records if:

(a)  the Commissioner has notified the person that the person is not required to retain the records; or

(b)  the person is a company that has gone into liquidation and been finally dissolved.

Penalty: $3,000.

Division 4 - Miscellaneous

SECTION 128 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   ALTERATION OF CONTRACTS IF COST OF SUPPLYING ETC. ASSESSABLE GOODS IS AFFECTED BY LATER ALTERATION TO SALES TAX LAW  

128(1)  [Alteration of contracts involving assessable goods]  

If, after a contract involving assessable goods has been made, an alteration to the sales tax law happens and the alteration directly causes an increase or decrease in the cost to a party to the agreement of complying with the agreement, then the contract is altered as follows:

(a)  if the cost is increased - by allowing the party to add the increase to the contract price;

(b)  if the cost is decreased - by allowing the other party to deduct the decrease from the contract price.

128(2)  [Contracts not altered]  

The contract is not altered if:

(a)  the contract has express written provision to the contrary; or

(b)  it is clear from the terms of the contract that the alteration of the sales tax law has been taken into account in the agreed contract price.

SECTION 129 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   AMENDING ACTS CANNOT IMPOSE PENALTIES ETC. EARLIER THAN 28 DAYS AFTER ROYAL ASSENT  

129(1)  [Penalties imposed under amending Acts]  

A sales tax amending Act does not have the effect of making a person liable to a sales tax penalty for any act or omission that happens before the postponed day.

129(2)  [Person contravening a requirement]  

If a sales tax amending Act would (apart from this section) have the effect of making a person liable to a sales tax penalty because the person contravened a requirement to do something:

(a)  within a specified period ending before the postponed day; or

(b)  before a specified time happening before the postponed day;

the requirement has effect instead by reference to a period ending at the start of the postponed day, or by reference to the start of the postponed day, as the case requires.

129(2A)  [Continuing liability]  

This section does not relieve a person from liability to a sales tax penalty to the extent to which the liability would have existed if the sales tax amending Act had not been enacted.

129(3)  [Interpretation]  

In this section:

``postponed day'' means the 28th day after the day on which the sales tax amending Act receives the Royal Assent;

``sales tax amending Act'' means an Act that amends the sales tax law;

``sales tax penalty'' means:

(a)  an offence; or

(b)  penalty under Part 9 or late-payment penalty.

SECTION 129A [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  NOTIONAL APPLICATION OF SALES TAX TO THE COMMONWEALTH  

129A(1)  [Object]  

The object of this section is to provide for the notional application of sales tax to the Commonwealth.

129A(2)  [Liability of Commonwealth]  

The Commonwealth is not liable to pay sales tax.

129A(3)  [Application of sales tax law]  

The sales tax law (other than a law that imposes sales tax) applies in all other respects as if the Commonwealth were liable to pay sales tax. This rule has effect subject to any applicable exemption Items.

129A(4)  [Inapplicable sections]  

Subsection 14ZX(4), section 14ZZ and Divisions 4 and 5 of Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 do not apply to the Commonwealth.

129A(5)  [Minister's discretion to give written directions]  

The Minister for Finance may give such written directions as are necessary or convenient to be given for carrying out or giving effect to this section and, in particular, may give directions in relation to the transfer of money within the Public Account.

129A(6)  [Effect of directions]  

Directions under subsection (5) have effect, and must be complied with, despite any other law of the Commonwealth.

129A(7)  [Penalties and prosecution]  

This section does not make the Commonwealth liable to pay a penalty or to be prosecuted for an offence.

129A(8)  [Meaning of Commonwealth]  

A reference in this section to the ``Commonwealth'' includes a reference to an authority of the Commonwealth that cannot, by a law of the Commonwealth, be made liable to taxation by the Commonwealth.

SECTION 130 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   CANCELLATION OF CERTAIN EXEMPTIONS PROVIDED UNDER OTHER ACTS IN RELATION TO COMMONWEALTH-CONTROLLED AUTHORITIES  

130(1)  [Cancellation of certain exemptions]  

This section cancels the effect of a provision of another Act (other than an Act that is part of the sales tax law) that would have the effect of:

(a)  exempting a particular Commonwealth-controlled authority from sales tax; or

(b)  exempting another person from sales tax on goods for use by a particular Commonwealth-controlled authority.

130(2)  [Application date]  

The cancellation does not apply in relation to goods (other than goods for use by the authority as part of a car remuneration package) if the provision of the other Act is enacted after 13 May 1987 and refers specifically to sales tax (whether or not it uses the words ``sales tax'' ).

130(2A)  [Cancellation not to apply]  

The cancellation does not apply in relation to goods for use by the authority as part of a car remuneration package if the provision of the other Act:

(a)  is enacted after 13 May 1987; and

(b)  refers specifically to sales tax in relation to goods for use by the authority as part of a car remuneration package.

130(3)  [``Commonwealth-controlled authority'']  

In this section:

``Commonwealth-controlled authority'' means:

(a)  a body established before 14 May 1987 and specified in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;

(b)  any of the following bodies established on or after 14 May 1987:

(i) a corporation established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth;
(ii) a company in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest;
(iii) a company in which a controlling interest is held by:
(A) a corporation established for a public purpose by a law of the Commonwealth; or
(B) a company in which the Commonwealth has a controlling interest.

SECTION 130B [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  INFORMATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF TAXPAYERS   130B 

Where a Minister makes a public statement which announces that it is the intention of the Government to introduce into a House of the Parliament a bill relating to a sales tax law to operate from a date before the enactment of the bill, the Commissioner must, within 7 days of that Minister making the statement, publish, for the information of taxpayers in each State and Territory, a public notice, in plain English, in at least 2 newspapers circulating generally in that State or Territory, as the case may be, which shall include the following:

(a)  a statement of the intention of the Commonwealth Government to introduce the bill;

(b)  details of what the bill will contain and how and when its provisions will be applied, if and when it comes into force;

(c)  a warning that the bill is subject to enactment by both Houses of the Parliament and, if enacted, is to operate retrospectively from a date or dates specified in the bill;

(d)  an explanation of why it is necessary that the bill be enacted retrospectively; and

(e)  details of hotlines, addresses or other sources from which taxpayers may obtain further information.

SECTION 130C [Repealed by 101 of 2006]  TAXPAYERS PROTECTION NOT BE REPEALED EXCEPT BY EXPRESS WORDS   130C 

It is the intention of the Parliament that section 130B is not to be amended or repealed other than by the express words of an Act of the Parliament.

SECTION 131 [Repealed by 101 of 2006]   REGULATIONS  

131(1)  [Regulations may be made]  

The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters:

(a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or

(b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.

131(2)  [Specific matters]  

In particular, the regulations may make provision:

(a)  allowing goods to be brought into Australia, on a temporary basis, without the payment of sales tax;

(b)  relating to the service of documents under, or for the purposes of, the sales tax law (including the service of process in proceedings for the recovery of tax or other amounts payable under the sales tax law);

(c)  for penalties for offences against the regulations by way of fines of up to $1,000.

SCHEDULE 1

LTABLES

TABLES

LTABLE NUM=1

Table 1: Assessable dealings

Notes :
1. Table 1 does not apply to a dealing with goods unless the goods are assessable goods immediately before the time of the dealing, and are in Australia at the time of the dealing.
2. In Table 1:
``notional wholesale purchase price'' means the price (excluding sales tax) for which the taxpayer could reasonably have been expected to purchase the goods by wholesale under an arm's length transaction;
``notional wholesale selling price'' means the price (excluding sales tax) for which the taxpayer could reasonably have been expected to sell the goods by wholesale under an arm's length transaction.
3. The numbering of items in the Table uses the following pattern:
 
For Australian goods, the dealings are divided into 4 groups:
- wholesale sales begin with AD1
- retail sales begin with AD2
- an AOU begins with AD3
- miscellaneous dealings begin with AD4.
 
Imported goods have an additional class of local entry (AD10). The other dealings with imported goods have a number that is 10 higher than the broadly corresponding dealing with Australian goods. For example, AD12b for imported goods corresponds to AD2b for Australian goods.
LTABLE NUM=2

Table 2: Local entry of imported goods

*For amendments to this local entry, see history note at the end of the table.
Note :
1. If goods are deemed to be entered for home consumption under the Customs Act at a time before the goods are imported, the local entry of the goods is taken to occur immediately after the time of importation.
LTABLE NUM=3

Table 3: Credit grounds

* For amendments to this credit ground, see history note at the end of the table. LTABLE NUM=3a

Table 3A: Transitional credit grounds

APPENDIX A
EXAMPLES
Example 1

Typical chain of sales involving goods manufactured in Australia

This example shows a typical chain of sales involving a chair manufactured in Australia. The example assumes that no exemption Item is available and the 12% tax rate applies. ARTWK TITLE=Example 1 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$2 W=30. D=30. HIDDEN

Example 2

Typical chain of sales involving imported goods

This example shows a typical chain of sales involving an imported chair. The example assumes that no exemption Item is available and the 12% tax rate applies. ARTWK TITLE=Example 2 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$3 W=30. D=36. HIDDEN

Example 3

Typical chain of sales involving quote at retail level

This example shows a chain of sales involving a chair manufactured in Australia. In this example, the Consumer quotes for the final retail sale. The example assumes that the 12% rate applies. ARTWK TITLE=Example 3 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$4 W=30. D=30. HIDDEN

APPENDIX B
DECISION CHARTS
Decision chart 1

Is a dealing taxable? ARTWK TITLE=Decision chart 1 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$5 W=30. D=22. HIDDEN

Decision chart 2

When must the tax on a dealing be paid? ARTWK TITLE=Decision chart 2 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$6 W=30. D=20. HIDDEN

Decision chart 3

Does the small business exemption apply to the current dealing? ARTWK TITLE=Decision chart 3 PRODUCT=AXT NAME=90050$7 W=30. D=37. HIDDEN

Notes :
1. Total tax liability takes into account the current dealing and any other countable dealings (as defined by section 29).
2. Customs dealings never qualify, nor do AD3a and AD13a.