A NEW TAX SYSTEM (AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS NUMBER) ACT 1999

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY  

Division 1 - Formalities  

SECTION 1   1   SHORT TITLE  
This Act may be cited as the A New Tax System (Australian Business Number) Act 1999.

SECTION 2   2   COMMENCEMENT  
This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

Division 2 - Objects  

SECTION 3   OBJECTS   Main object

3(1)  


The main object of this Act is to make it easier for businesses to conduct their dealings with the Australian Government. This is done by establishing a system for registering businesses and issuing them with unique identifying numbers so that they can identify themselves reliably:


(a) in all their dealings with the Australian Government; and


(b) for all other Commonwealth purposes.

3(2)   [Taxation law purposes]  

Without limiting paragraph (1)(b), the main object of this Act includes allowing businesses to identify themselves reliably for the purposes of *taxation laws.

Reducing registration and reporting requirements

3(3)  


The objects of this Act also include reducing the number of government registration and reporting requirements by making the system available to State, Territory and local government regulatory bodies.
Note:

Section 30 facilitates this object by enabling the Registrar to provide information collected under this Act to State, Territory and local government bodies.

Multi-agency dealings

3(4)  


The objects of this Act also include allowing the *Registrar to register and maintain details about representatives of *businesses that are registered under this Act, for the purpose of facilitating electronic dealings by those businesses with *government entities.

Division 3 - Application of this Act  

SECTION 4   4   CROWN BOUND BY THIS ACT  
This Act binds the Crown in each of its capacities, but does not make the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

SECTION 5   APPLICATION TO GOVERNMENT ENTITIES, NON-PROFIT SUB-ENTITIES, SUPERANNUATION FUNDS AND CERTAIN RSE LICENSEES  

5(1)   [Application to certain entities]  

This Act applies to a *government entity, a *non-profit sub-entity or a *superannuation fund as if it were an *entity *carrying on an *enterprise in *Australia.

5(2)   [Application to certain RSE licensees]  

This Act applies to an *RSE licensee, or an applicant for an *RSE licence, that is a group of individual trustees as if the group were an *entity *carrying on an *enterprise in *Australia.

SECTION 5A   5A   APPLICATION TO RELIGIOUS PRACTITIONERS AND RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS  


If a *religious practitioner:


(a) does an activity, or a series of activities:


(i) in pursuit of his or her vocation as a religious practitioner; and

(ii) as a member of a religious institution; and


(b) does not do the activity, or series of activities, as an employee or agent of the religious institution or another entity;

this Act applies as if the activity, or series of activities, had been done by the religious institution and not by the religious practitioner.

Note:

This will mean that such an activity will be an enterprise of the religious institution and not an enterprise of the religious practitioner.

SECTION 6   6   APPLICATION OF CRIMINAL CODE  
The Criminal Code applies to all offences against this Act.

SECTION 7   7   APPLICATION TO THE EXTERNAL TERRITORIES  
This Act extends to every external Territory.

PART 2 - REGISTERING FOR ABN PURPOSES  

Division 4 - Registration  

SECTION 8   ARE YOU ENTITLED TO AN ABN?  

8(1)  


*You are entitled to have an Australian Business Number (*ABN) if:


(a) you are *carrying on an *enterprise in *Australia; or


(b) in the course or furtherance of carrying on an enterprise, you make *supplies that are *connected with the indirect tax zone.

8(1A)  
(Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

8(1B)  
(Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

8(1C)  
(Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

Corporations Act companies

8(2)  


A *Corporations Act company is entitled to have an Australian Business Number (*ABN). Limited registration entities

8(3)  


However, a limited registration entity (within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999) is not entitled to an *ABN.

SECTION 9   APPLYING FOR AN ABN  

9(1)   [Registration in Australian Business Register]  

To get an *ABN, *you must apply to the *Registrar to be registered in the *Australian Business Register.

Note 1:

You may apply yourself or someone may apply on your behalf.

Note 2:

If you are registered, you will be allocated an ABN and your ABN will be entered in the Register (see subsection 11(1)).

9(2)   [Approved form]  

*Your application must be in the *approved form.

9(3)   [TFN]  

That form may request, but not compel, *you to provide your *TFN or that of an *associate.

Note:

Including a TFN in an application will not be an offence against subsection 8WB(1) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (see paragraph 8WB(1A)(a) of that Act).

SECTION 9A   APPLYING FOR REGISTRATION OF REPRESENTATIVES  

9A(1)  
If *you are registered in the *Australian Business Register, or you are applying to be so registered, you may make an application to the *Registrar requesting the Registrar to register details about a nominated representative (who is an individual) for the purpose of facilitating your electronic dealings with *government entities.

9A(2)  
An application must be in the *approved form.

9A(3)  
That form may request, but not compel, the provision of:


(a) the *TFN of the representative; and


(b) the TFN of the individual (the nominating individual ) who is to sign the declaration in the form.

Note:

Including a TFN in an application will not be an offence against subsection 8WB(1) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (see paragraph 8WB(1A)(a) of that Act).

SECTION 10   REGISTRAR MUST REGISTER YOU IF CONDITIONS MET  

10(1)   [Conditions]  

The *Registrar must register *you in the *Australian Business Register if:


(a) you have applied under section 9; and


(b) the Registrar is satisfied that you:


(i) are entitled to have an *ABN; or

(ii) are likely to be entitled to have an ABN by the date specified in your application; and


(c) the Registrar is satisfied that your identity has been established; and


(ca) if details about an *associate of yours were requested in the *approved form for registration - the Registrar is satisfied that the identity of the associate has been established; and


(d) you are not already registered in the Register.

10(2)   [Information and documents]  

The *Registrar may request *you to give the Registrar specified information or a specified document the Registrar needs to be satisfied that:


(a) you are entitled to have an *ABN; or


(b) your identity, or that of an *associate referred to in paragraph (1)(ca), is established.

SECTION 10A   REGISTRAR MUST REGISTER YOUR REPRESENTATIVE IF CONDITIONS MET  

10A(1)  
The *Registrar must register *your representative in the *Australian Business Register if:


(a) an application has been made under section 9A; and


(b) the Registrar is satisfied that the identity of the nominating individual (see paragraph 9A(3)(b)) has been established; and


(c) if the representative is to be authorised to nominate other representatives of yours - the Registrar is satisfied that the identity of the representative has been established; and


(d) the representative's details are not already registered in the *Australian Business Register in relation to you.

10A(2)  
If *your proposed representative is to be authorised to nominate other representatives of yours, the *Registrar may request you or your proposed representative to give the Registrar specified information or a specified document the Registrar needs to be satisfied that the identity of the proposed representative is established.

SECTION 11   STEPS TAKEN BY REGISTRAR TO REGISTER YOU  

11(1)   [ABN allocated; details entered in Register]  

The *Registrar registers *you (for an application under section 9) by:


(a) allocating you an *ABN; and


(b) entering in the *Australian Business Register:


(i) your name; and

(ii) your ABN; and

(iii) the date of effect of the registration.
Note:

A decision setting the date of effect of your registration is a reviewable ABN decision.

11(2)   [Date of effect]  

The date specified as the date of effect of *your registration may be any date (including a date before your application for registration was made).

11(3)   [Notice of registration]  

The *Registrar must give *you a written notice of:


(a) the fact that you have been registered; and


(b) your *ABN; and


(c) the date of effect of your registration; and


(d) the other details entered in relation to you in the *Australian Business Register (see section 25).

Note:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under this section.

SECTION 11A   11A   STEPS TAKEN BY REGISTRAR TO REGISTER YOUR REPRESENTATIVE  


The *Registrar registers *your representative (for an application under section 9A) by entering in the *Australian Business Register in relation to you:


(a) the name of the representative; and


(b) the representative's email address; and


(c) the date of effect of the registration.

SECTION 12   IF YOU ARE REGISTERED, NOTICES MAY BE SENT TO YOU AT YOUR REGISTERED ADDRESS FOR SERVICE  

12(1)   [Address for service]  

If *you are registered in the *Australian Business Register, a notice under this Act, or the regulations, may be given to you by leaving it at, or sending it by pre-paid post to, the address shown in the Register as your address for service.

Note:

This subsection applies only to entities registered under section 11.

12(2)   [Other means of service]  

Subsection (1):


(a) does not affect the operation of any other law of the Commonwealth, or any law of a State or Territory, that authorises the service of a document in some other way; and


(b) does not affect the power of a court to authorise service of a document in some other way.

SECTION 13   REFUSAL TO REGISTER  

13(1)   [Notice of refusal to register]  

If the *Registrar refuses *your application for registration under section 9 or your application for registration of your representative under section 9A the Registrar must give you written notice of:


(a) the refusal; and


(b) the reasons for the refusal.

Note:

A decision refusing to register you or your representative is a reviewable ABN decision.

13(2)   [Deemed refusal after 28 days]  

If the *Registrar has not decided *your application for registration under section 9, or your application for registration of your representative under section 9A, within 28 days after your application is made, you may, at any time, give the Registrar written notice that you wish to treat your application as having been refused.

13(3)   [Deemed date of refusal]  

For the purposes of section 21, if *you give notice under subsection (2), the *Registrar is taken to have refused your application for registration on the day on which the notice is given.

13(4)   [Measuring period]  

For the purposes of measuring the 28 days mentioned in subsection (2) for *your application under section 9, disregard each period (if any):


(a) starting on the day when the *Registrar requests you under subsection 10(2) to give the Registrar specified information or a specified document; and


(b) ending at the end of the day you give the Registrar the specified information or document.

13(5)  


For the purposes of measuring the 28 days mentioned in subsection (2) for your application under section 9A, disregard each period (if any):


(a) starting on the day when the *Registrar requests you, or your proposed representative, under subsection 10A(2) to give the Registrar specified information or a specified document; and


(b) ending at the end of the day you give the Registrar the specified information or document.

Division 5 - Your obligations if you are registered  

SECTION 14   YOU MUST NOTIFY REGISTRAR OF CHANGES TO MATTERS SET OUT IN THE REGISTER  

14(1)   [28 days to notify changed details]  

If:


(a) *you give information to the *Registrar; and


(b) the information is recorded in relation to you in the *Australian Business Register under section 25; and


(c) circumstances change so that the information you gave the Registrar is no longer correct;

you must notify the Registrar of the change within 28 days after you become aware of the change.

Note 1:

The information may have been given to the Registrar as part of applying for registration or it may have been given in a previous notice under this subsection or section 15.

Note 2:

This Act is a taxation law for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953. If you fail to comply with this subsection, you commit an offence against section 8C of that Act.

14(2)   [Lodgment of details]  

The notice:


(a) must be lodged with the *Registrar; and


(b) must be in the *approved form.

SECTION 15   OBLIGATION TO GIVE REGISTRAR INFORMATION IF REQUESTED  

15(1)   [Requests for information]  

The *Registrar may request an *entity to give the Registrar information in accordance with the following table. The entity must comply with the request.


Entities that can be requested to give information
Item These entities ... can be requested to give this information ...
1 *You, if you are registered in the *Australian Business Register information that is relevant to:
(a) your entitlement to be registered; or
(b) confirming your identity; or
(c) the details entered in relation to you in the Register
2 *Your *associate (if any) entered in the *Australian Business Register in relation to you information relevant to confirming the associate's identity
3 Either:
(a) *your representative (if any) registered in the *Australian Business Register in relation to you; or
(b) you
information relevant to:
(a) confirming the representative's identity; or
(b) the details entered in relation to the representative in the Register

Note:

This Act is a taxation law for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953. If an entity fails to comply with this subsection, the entity commits an offence against section 8C of that Act.

15(2)   [Form of request]  

A request under subsection (1) to an *entity:


(a) is to be made by notice in writing to the entity; and


(b) may ask the entity to give the information in writing; and


(c) must specify:


(i) the information the entity is to give; and

(ii) the period within which the entity is to give the information.

The period specified under subparagraph (c)(ii) must end at least 14 days after the notice is given.

Note:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under section 11.

15(3)   [Lodgment]  

If the request asks the *entity to give the information in writing, the information:


(a) must be lodged with the *Registrar; and


(b) must be in the *approved form.

SECTION 16   APPLICATION OF SECTIONS 14 AND 15 TO PARTNERSHIPS, UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS AND BODIES AND CERTAIN RSE LICENSEES   Application to partnerships

16(1)  
If, but for this subsection, section 14 or 15 would impose an obligation on a *partnership, the obligation is imposed on each partner, but may be discharged by any of the partners. Application to unincorporated association or body

16(2)  
If, but for this subsection, section 14 or 15 would impose an obligation on an unincorporated association or body, the obligation is imposed on each member of the committee of management of the association or body, but may be discharged by any of the members of the committee. Application to RSE licensee that is a group of individual trustees

16(2A)  


If, but for this subsection, section 14 or 15 would impose an obligation on an *RSE licensee that is a group of individual trustees, the obligation is imposed on each individual, but may be discharged by any of the individuals. Defences for partners, members of committee of management and certain RSE licensees

16(3)  


In a prosecution of a *person for an offence against section 8C of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 because of subsection (1), (2) or (2A), it is a defence if the person proves that the person:


(a) did not aid, abet, counsel or procure the act or omission because of which the offence is taken to have been committed; and


(b) was not in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the act or omission because of which the offence is taken to have been committed.

Application to government entities headed by one person

16(4)  


If, apart from this subsection, section 14 or 15 (as applied by section 5) would impose an obligation on a *government entity:


(a) that is an unincorporated association or body; and


(b) for whose management a single person is responsible to persons or bodies outside the government entity;

the obligation is imposed on that person.

16(5)   [Effect]  

Subsection (4) has effect despite:


(a) subsection (2); and


(b) sections 14 and 15 as they apply because of section 5.

Division 6 - Variation and cancellation of registration  

SECTION 17   REGISTRAR MAY CHANGE YOUR ABN  

17(1)   [How change is made]  

The *Registrar may, at any time, change *your *ABN by:


(a) making an appropriate change to the *Australian Business Register (including the date from which the new ABN has effect); and


(b) giving you written notice of the new ABN.

Note:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under section 11.

17(2)   [Date of effect of new ABN]  

The notice must state the date from which the new *ABN has effect.

17(3)   [Date in Australian Business Register]  

The change to the *ABN takes effect on the date stated in the *Australian Business Register.

SECTION 18   WHEN YOUR REGISTRATION CAN BE CANCELLED   On Registrar's initiative

18(1)  
The *Registrar may cancel *your registration in the *Australian Business Register if satisfied that:


(a) you are registered under an identity that is not your true identity; or


(b) at the time you were registered, you were not entitled to have an *ABN; or


(c) you are no longer entitled to have an ABN.

Note 1:

If your registration is cancelled, you cease to have an ABN (see the definition of ABN in section 41).

Note 2:

A decision to cancel your registration is a reviewable ABN decision.

18(1A)   [Decision to cancel]  

The *Registrar may cancel the registration of *your representative in the *Australian Business Register if satisfied that:


(a) your registration is cancelled under subsection (1); or


(b) the representative no longer represents you; or


(c)the representative is registered under an identity that is not the representative's true identity; or


(d) the representative's identity is no longer satisfactorily established.

Note:

A decision to cancel the registration of your representative is a reviewable ABN decision.

18(2)   [Written notice of cancellation]  

The *Registrar must give *you written notice of the cancellation. The notice must state:


(a) the reasons for the cancellation; and


(b) the date of effect of the cancellation.

Note 1:

A decision setting the date of effect of a cancellation is a reviewable ABN decision.

Note 2:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under section 11.

18(3)   [Date of cancellation]  

The date of effect of the cancellation may be any of the following:


(a) the date on which *you are given notice under subsection (2);


(b) a specified date in the future;


(c) a date before the date on which the notice is given.

At your request

18(4)  


The *Registrar may:


(a) cancel *your registration if you apply to the Registrar for cancellation of the registration in the *approved form; or


(b) cancel the registration of your representative, if you apply to the Registrar for cancellation of the registration in the approved form.

Note:

A decision to refuse to cancel your registration or that of your representative is a reviewable ABN decision.

18(5)   [Notice and date of effect of cancellation]  

The *Registrar must give *you written notice of the cancellation. The notice must state the date of effect of the cancellation.

Note 1:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under section 11.

Note 2:

A decision setting the date of effect of a cancellation is a reviewable ABN decision.

18(6)   [Date of effect of cancellation]  

The date of effect of the cancellation may be any of the following:


(a) the date on which *you are given notice under subsection (5);


(b) a specified date in the future;


(c) a date before the date on which the notice is given.

SECTION 19   REINSTATING YOUR REGISTRATION  

19(1)   [Where cancellation should not have been made]  

The *Registrar must reinstate *your registration, or the registration of your representative, in the *Australian Business Register if the Registrar is satisfied that the registration should not have been cancelled.

19(2)   [Notice of reinstatement]  

The *Registrar must give *you written notice of the reinstatement.

Note:

Section 12 deals with giving notice to an entity registered under section 11.

19(3)   [Date of effect of reinstatement]  

The reinstatement has effect on and from the day on which the registration was cancelled.

Division 7 - Signatures  

SECTION 20   20   APPLICATIONS AND NOTICES MUST BE SIGNED  
(Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

Division 8 - Review of reviewable ABN decisions  

SECTION 21   REVIEW OF REVIEWABLE ABN DECISIONS  

21(1)   [Objections]  

*You may object, in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953, against a decision you are dissatisfied with that is a *reviewable ABN decision.

21(2)   ["reviewable ABN decision"]  

Each of the following decisions is a reviewable ABN decision :


Reviewable ABN decisions
Item Decision Provision under which decision is made
1 Setting the date of effect of *your registration subsection 11(1)
2 Refusing to register *you or your representative section 13
3 Cancelling *your registration subsection 18(1)
4 Cancelling the registration of *your representative subsection 18(1A)
5 Refusing to cancel *your registration or that of your representative subsection 18(4)
6 Setting the date of effect of a cancellation subsection 18(2) or (5)
7 Refusing an application not to disclose details subsection 26(4) or 27(7)

21(3)   ["Commissioner of Taxation"]  

Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies in relation to a *reviewable ABN decision as if references in that Part to the Commissioner of Taxation were references to the *Registrar.

SECTION 22   22   STATEMENT OF RIGHTS TO SEEK REVIEW  
(Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

Division 9 - Offences  

SECTION 23   IDENTIFICATION OFFENCES  

23(1)   [Identifying yourself]  

*You must not purport to identify yourself by using:


(a) a number that is not an *ABN as if it were an ABN; or


(b) an ABN that is not your own.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

23(2)   [Identifying an associate]  

*You must not purport to identify an *entity that is an *associate of yours by using:


(a) a number that is not an *ABN as if it were an ABN; or


(b) an ABN that is not the entity's own ABN.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

23(3)   [Offence]  

*You commit an offence if:


(a) you purport to identify yourself as being registered under this Act as the representative of an *entity; and


(b) you are not the registered representative of the entity.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

PART 3 - ADMINISTRATION  

Division 10 - The Australian Business Register  

SECTION 24   THE AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS REGISTER  

24(1)   [Duties of Registrar]  

The *Registrar must establish and maintain an *Australian Business Register.

24(2)   [Maintenance of Register]  

The *Australian Business Register may be kept in any form that the *Registrar considers appropriate.

SECTION 25   ENTRIES IN THE AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS REGISTER  

25(1)   [Entities]  

Under paragraph 11(1)(b), the *Registrar enters in the *Australian Business Register in relation to each *entity registered in the Register:


(a) the entity's name; and


(b) the entity's *ABN; and


(c) the date of effect of the registration.

25(2)   [Further details]  

The *Registrar must also enter the following details in the *Australian Business Register in relation to the *entity:


(a) an address for service of notices under this Act;


(aa) details about the entity's *associates that were requested in the *approved form for registration in that Register;


(b) the details prescribed in the regulations.

25(3)   [Representatives]  

Under section 11A, the *Registrar enters in the *Australian Business Register in relation to each representative registered in the Register:


(a) the representative's name; and


(b) the representative's email address; and


(c) the date of effect of the registration.

25(4)   [Further details]  

The *Registrar must also enter in the *Australian Business Register in relation to a representative the details prescribed in the regulations.

Note 1:

Section 30-229 of the ITAA 1997 also requires the Registrar to make entries in the Australian Business Register about entities gifts to which are tax-deductible.

Note 2:

Section 426-65 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 also requires the Registrar to make entries in the Australian Business Register about entities that are endorsed in the ways mentioned in that section.

SECTION 26   ACCESS TO CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THE AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS REGISTER  

26(1)  
The *Registrar may (on receiving payment of any prescribed fee) give a *person a copy of the entry in the *Australian Business Register relating to an *entity.

26(2)  
Before the copy is given to the *person, the *Registrar must excise from it:


(a) any detail not listed in subsection (3) or in regulations made under subsection (3); and


(b) any detail that the Registrar is prohibited from disclosing under subsection (4).

26(3)  
The details are the following:


(a) the *entity's name;


(b) the entity's *ABN;


(c) the date of effect of the registration;


(d) any business name registered to the entity on the Business Names Register established and maintained under section 22 of the Business Names Registration Act 2011;


(e) the date of effect of any GST registration under section 25-10 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999;


(f) the date of effect of any GST cancellation under section 25-60 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999;


(g) any statement required to be entered in the *Australian Business Register in relation to the entity under section 30-229 of the *ITAA 1997;


(ga) any statement required to be entered in the *Australian Business Register in relation to the entity under section 426-65, 426-104 or 426-115 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953;


(h) the entity's Australian Company Number and Australian Registered Body Number (if any);


(i) the kind of entity;


(j) the State or Territory in which the entity's principal place of *business is located, and the postcode relating to the location;


(ja) if the entity is an *RSE licensee:


(i) the class of licence held by the licensee; and

(ii) the address for the licensee recorded by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority for the purposes of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993; and

(iii) the licensee's postal address; and

(iv) the licensee's telephone number;


(jb) if the entity is a registrable superannuation entity within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993:


(i) the address for the entity recorded by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority for the purposes of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993; and

(ii) the entity's postal address; and

(iii) the entity's telephone number; and

(iv) the entity's contact person; and

(v) the RSE licensee of the entity;


(jc) (Repealed by No 125 of 2018)


(jd) (Repealed by No 125 of 2018)


(k) any details prescribed in the regulations for the purposes of this section.

26(4)  
If:


(a) a *person applies for a detail listed in subsection (3), or in regulations made under subsection (3), in relation to an *entity, not to be disclosed; and


(b) the *Registrar is satisfied that it is not appropriate to disclose the detail;

the Registrar must not disclose the detail under this section.

Note:

A decision refusing an application not to disclose details is a reviewable ABN decision.

26(5)  
In addition to providing copies under subsection (1), the *Registrar may make publicly available any details listed in subsection (3), or in regulations made under subsection (3), in relation to an *entity, other than any detail that the Registrar is prohibited from disclosing under subsection (4).

SECTION 27   EVIDENTIARY VALUE OF THE AUSTRALIAN BUSINESS REGISTER  

27(1)  


The *Australian Business Register is admissible in proceedings as prima facie evidence of the matters registered in it.

27(2)  
If the *Australian Business Register is kept by the use of a computer, the *Registrar may issue a document containing the details of a matter taken from the Register.

27(3)  


The document issued under subsection (2) is admissible in proceedings as prima facie evidence of the matter.

27(4)  
The *Registrar may give a *person a certified copy of, or extract from, the *Australian Business Register on payment of the prescribed fee (if any).

27(5)  
The certified copy is admissible in proceedings without any further proof of, or the production of, the original.

27(6)  
This section does not limit the manner in which evidence may be adduced, or the admissibility of evidence, under the Evidence Act 1995.

27(7)  


If:


(a) a *person applies for a detail included in the *Australian Business Register in relation to an *entity not to be disclosed; and


(b) the *Registrar is satisfied that it is not appropriate to disclose the detail;

the detail must not be included in any document the Registrar issues or gives under subsection (2) or (4).

Note:

A decision refusing an application not to disclose details is a reviewable ABN decision.

Division 10A - Review of decisions about disclosure  

SECTION 27A   27A   REVIEW OF DECISIONS  
(Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

SECTION 27B   27B   STATEMENT OF RIGHTS TO SEEK REVIEW  
(Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

Division 11 - Other administrative matters  

SECTION 28   THE REGISTRAR  

28(1)   [Position of Registrar]  

There is to be a Registrar of the *Australian Business Register.

28(2)   [Commissioner of Taxation]  

The Commissioner of Taxation is the Registrar of the *Australian Business Register.

Note 1:

Subsections 6B(6) and (6A) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 allow a person acting as Commissioner of Taxation to exercise the powers and perform the functions that this Act gives to the Registrar.

Note 2:

Subsections 8(1) and (1A) of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 allow the Registrar to delegate powers and functions that this Act gives the Registrar.

28(3)   [Powers and functions]  

As well as the specific powers and functions conferred on the *Registrar by this Act, the Registrar has the general administration of this Act.

28(4)   [Administration of Act]  

For the purposes of any other law of the Commonwealth, this Act is taken to be one that the Commissioner of Taxation administers or has the general administration of.

SECTION 29   ANNUAL REPORT ON OPERATION OF THIS ACT  

29(1)   [Registrar to report]  

The *Registrar must, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, prepare and give to the Minister a report on the working of this Act during the year ending on that 30 June.

Note:

Section 34C of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 applies to reports under this section.

29(2)   [Report tabled in Parliament]  

The Minister must table a copy of the report before each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the day on which the Minister receives the report.

SECTION 29A   ADJUSTMENTS TO DETAILS  

29A(1)   [Application]  

This section applies if the *Registrar is satisfied that:


(a) details entered in relation to an *entity in the *Australian Business Register; or


(b) details entered in relation to an entity's representative in that Register;

are incorrect and the Registrar has access to details that the Registrar believes to be the correct ones.

29A(2)   [Adjustments]  

The *Registrar may adjust the details accordingly.

SECTION 30   PROTECTION OF CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION  

30(1)  
This section restricts what a *person (the entrusted person ) may do with *protected information, or *protected documents, that the person has obtained in the course of *official employment.

30(2)  
The *entrusted person:


(a) must not make a record of *protected information; and


(b) must not disclose it to anyone else;

if the recording or disclosure is not done in accordance with subsection (3).

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

30(3)  
It is not an offence against subsection (2) if any of the following apply to the recording or disclosure:


(a) the recording or disclosure is for the purposes of this Act;


(b) the recording or disclosure happens in the course of the performance of the duties of the *entrusted person's *official employment;


(c) the entrusted person is the *Registrar and the disclosure is to:


(i) an Agency Head (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999) for the purposes of carrying out functions of the Agency (within the meaning of that Act); or

(ii) the accountable authority of a non-corporate Commonwealth entity within the meaning of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for the purposes of carrying out functions conferred on the entity by a law of the Commonwealth; or

(iii) another *person for the purpose of that other person carrying out functions under a *taxation law; or

(iv) the Administrative Appeals Tribunal in connection with proceedings under a taxation law; or

(v) (Repealed by No 54 of 2003)

(vi) the head (however described) of a Department of State of a State or Territory for the purposes of carrying out functions of the Department; or

(vii) the head (however described) of a body established for a public purpose by or under a law of a State or Territory (including a local governing body) for the purposes of carrying out functions conferred on the body by a law of the State or Territory; or

(viii) a prescribed body for the prescribed purposes;


(d) the disclosure is by a person authorised by the Registrar to disclose the information and the disclosure is made to:


(i) an Agency Head (within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999) for the purposes of carrying out functions of the Agency (within the meaning of that Act); or

(ii) the accountable authority of a non-corporate Commonwealth entity within the meaning of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 for the purposes of carrying out functions conferred on the entity by a law of the Commonwealth; or

(iii) another person for the purpose of that other person carrying out functions under an Act administered by the Commissioner of Taxation; or

(iv) the head (however described) of a Department of State of a State or Territory for the purposes of carrying out functions of the Department; or

(v) the head (however described) of a body established for a public purpose by or under a law of a State or Territory (including a local governing body) for the purposes of carrying out functions conferred on the body by a law of the State or Territory; or

(vi) a prescribed body for the prescribed purposes;


(e) the entrusted person is the Registrar and the disclosure:


(i) is of information relating to an individual who is, or who has been, registered as an *entity's representative in the *Australian Business Register; and

(ii) is for the purposes of facilitating the entity's electronic dealings with *government entities or for maintaining details in the Register.
Note:

A disclosure under paragraph (3)(e) could, for example, be for the purpose of administering or cancelling the representative's registration.

30(4)  


Subsection (3) does not authorise the disclosure of information to:


(a) a Commonwealth Minister; or


(b) a Minister of a State or Territory; or


(c) an elected member of a body established under a law of a State or Territory.

30(5)  
Except where it is necessary to do so for the purpose of giving effect to a *taxation law, the *entrusted person is not to be required:


(a) to produce any *protected document to a court; or


(b) to disclose *protected information to a court.

30(6)  
In this section:

disclose
means divulge or communicate.

SECTION 31   REGULATIONS  

31(1)   [Making of regulations]  

The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters:


(a) required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or


(b) necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

and, in particular:


(c) prescribing fees; or


(d) prescribing penalties, not exceeding 10 penalty units, for offences against the regulations.

31(2)   [Fees]  

The amount of a fee prescribed under paragraph (1)(c):


(a) must be reasonably related to the expenses incurred or to be incurred by the *Registrar in connection with the activity that attracts the fee; and


(b) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

PART 4 - RULES FOR INTERPRETING THIS ACT  

Division 12 - Identifying defined terms  

SECTION 32   WHEN DEFINED TERMS ARE IDENTIFIED  

32(1)   [Definitions]  

Many of the terms used in this Act are defined.

32(2)   [Dictionary of terms]  

Most defined terms in this Act are identified by an asterisk appearing at the start of the term: as in ``*enterprise''. The footnote that goes with the asterisk contains a signpost to the Dictionary definitions in section 41.

SECTION 33   33   WHEN TERMS ARE NOT IDENTIFIED  
Once a defined term has been identified by an asterisk, later occurrences of the term in the same subsection are not usually asterisked.

SECTION 34   34   IDENTIFYING THE DEFINED TERM IN A DEFINITION  
Within a definition, the defined term is identified by bold italics .

Division 13 - What forms part of this Act  

SECTION 35   WHAT FORMS PART OF THIS ACT  

35(1)   [Parts of Act]  

These all form part of this Act:

  • · the headings to the Parts, Divisions and Subdivisions of this Act;
  • · the headings to the sections and subsections of this Act;
  • · the notes and examples (however described) that follow provisions of this Act.
  • 35(2)   [Asterisks and interpretation]  

    The asterisks used to identify defined terms form part of this Act. However, if a term is not identified by an asterisk, disregard that fact in deciding whether or not to apply to that term a definition or other interpretation provision.

    SECTION 36   36   WHAT DOES NOT FORM PART OF THIS ACT  
    Footnotes and endnotes do not form part of this Act.

    Division 14 - Meaning of some important concepts  

    Division 15 - The Dictionary  

    SECTION 41   41   DICTIONARY  


    In this Act, except so far as the contrary intention appears:

    ABN
    (Australian Business Number) for an *entity means the entity's ABN as shown in the *Australian Business Register.

    approved form
    has the same meaning as in the *ITAA 1997.

    associate
    has the meaning given by section 318 of the *ITAA 1936.

    Australia
    , when used in a geographical sense, has the same meaning as in the *ITAA 1997.

    Australian Business Register
    means the register established under section 24.

    business
    includes any profession, trade, employment, vocation or calling, but does not include occupation as an employee.

    carried on in Australia
    (Repealed by No 177 of 1999)

    carrying on
    an *enterprise includes doing anything in the course of the commencement or termination of the enterprise.

    company
    means:


    (a) a body corporate; or


    (b) any other unincorporated association or body of *persons;

    but does not include a *partnership or a *non-entity joint venture.

    connected with Australia
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    connected with the indirect tax zone
    , in relation to a *supply, has the meaning given by section 195-1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

    Corporations Act company
    means a body registered as a company under the Corporations Act 2001.

    Corporations Law company
    (Repealed by No 55 of 2001)

    electronic signature
    (Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

    enterprise
    has the meaning given by section 9-20 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

    entity
    has the meaning given by section 184-1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

    entrusted person
    has the meaning given by subsection 30(1).

    government entity
    means:


    (a) a Department of State of the Commonwealth; or


    (b) a Department of the Parliament established under the Parliamentary Service Act 1999; or


    (c) an Executive Agency, or Statutory Agency, within the meaning of the Public Service Act 1999; or


    (d) a Department of State of a State or Territory; or


    (e) an organisation that:


    (i) is not an entity; and

    (ii) is either established by the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory (whether under a law or not) to carry on an *enterprise or established for a public purpose by an *Australian law; and

    (iii) can be separately identified by reference to the nature of the activities carried on through the organisation or the location of the organisation;
    whether or not the organisation is part of a Department or branch described in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) or of another organisation of the kind described in this paragraph.

    indirect tax zone
    has the meaning given by section 195-1 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

    individual
    means a natural person.

    ITAA 1936
    means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    ITAA 1997
    means the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    lodged electronically
    (Repealed by No 42 of 2009)

    non-cash benefit
    has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the *ITAA 1997.

    non-entity joint venture
    means an arrangement that the Registrar is satisfied is a contractual arrangement:


    (a) under which 2 or more parties undertake an economic activity that is subject to the joint control of the parties; and


    (b) that is entered into to obtain individual benefits for the parties, in the form of a share of the output of the arrangement rather than joint or collective profits for all the parties.

    Non-profit sub-entity
    : a branch of an entity is a non-profit sub-entity if:


    (a) the entity has chosen to apply Division 63 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999, and that choice still has effect; and


    (b) the branch maintains an independent system of accounting; and


    (c) the branch can be separately identified by reference to:


    (i) the nature of the activities carried on through the branch; or

    (ii) the location of the branch; and


    (d) the branch is referred to in the entity's records to the effect that it is to be treated as a separate entity for the purposes of the GST law.

    official employment
    means:


    (a) appointment or employment by the Commonwealth, or the performance of services for the Commonwealth; or


    (b) the exercise of powers or performance of functions under a delegation by the *Registrar; or


    (c) appointment or employment by a State or Territory, or the performance of services for a State or Territory; or


    (d) appointment or employment by a local governing body, or the performance of services for a local governing body.

    Note:

    The Registrar may delegate powers and functions under section 8 of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    partnership
    has the meaning given by section 995-1 of the *ITAA 1997.

    PAYE earner
    (Repealed by No 178 of 1999)

    person
    includes a *company.

    protected document
    means any document made or given under, or for the purposes of, this Act.

    protected information
    means information that meets all the following conditions:


    (a) it relates to the affairs of a *person other than the *entrusted person;


    (b) it was obtained by the entrusted person, or by any other person, in the course of *official employment;


    (c) it was disclosed or obtained under, or in relation to, this Act.

    Registrar
    means the Registrar of the *Australian Business Register.

    religious practitioner
    means:


    (a) a minister of religion; or


    (b) a student at an institution who is undertaking a course of instruction in the duties of a minister of religion; or


    (c) a full-time member of a religious order; or


    (d) a student at a college conducted solely for training persons to become members of religious orders.

    reviewable ABN decision
    has the meaning given by section 21.

    RSE licence
    means an RSE licence within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

    RSE licensee
    means an RSE licensee within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

    superannuation fund
    has the meaning given by section 995-1 of the ITAA 1997.

    supply
    has the meaning given by section 9-10 of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999.

    taxation law
    has the meaning given by section 2 of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    TFN
    means tax file number as defined in section 202A of the *ITAA 1936.

    withholding payment
    has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the *ITAA 1997.

    withholding payment
    covered by a particular provision in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the *ITAA 1997.

    you
    : if a provision of this Act uses the expression you , it applies to entities generally, unless its application is expressly limited.

    Note:

    The expression you is not used in provisions that apply only to entities that are not individuals.