SUPERANNUATION (GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION FOR LOW INCOME EARNERS) ACT 2003

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY  

SECTION 1   1   SHORT TITLE  
This Act may be cited as the Superannuation (Government Co-contribution for Low Income Earners) Act 2003.

SECTION 2   2   COMMENCEMENT  
This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.

SECTION 3   ACT BINDS CROWN  

3(1)   [Effect]  

This Act binds the Crown in each of its capacities.

3(2)   [No liability]  

However, this Act does not make the Crown liable to be prosecuted for an offence.

SECTION 4   4   GEOGRAPHICAL APPLICATION OF ACT  
This Act extends to:


(a) Norfolk Island; and


(b) the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and


(c) the Territory of Christmas Island.

SECTION 5   OVERVIEW OF THE ACT  

5(1)  
This Act provides for Government co-contributions to be made towards the superannuation of low income earners.

Note:

The Government co-contributions replace the rebates that used to be provided for in Subdivision AAC of Division 17 of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

5(2)  


The following is a simplified explanation of this Act:
  • · Part 2 (sections 6 to 12) tells you who are the people in respect of whom a Government co-contribution is payable. It also tells you how much the co-contribution is.
  • · Part 2A (sections 12B to 12G) tells you who are the people entitled to a low income superannuation tax offset. It also tells you how much the low income superannuation tax offset is.
  • · Part 3 (sections 13 and 14) tells you how the Commissioner of Taxation determines whether a Government co-contribution is payable in respect of a person.
  • · Part 4 (sections 15 to 18) tells you how the Government co-contribution is paid.
  • · Part 5 (sections 19 to 24) tells you what happens if there is an overpayment or an underpayment of a Government co-contribution.
  • · Part 5A (section 25) sets out circumstances in which general interest charge is payable.
  • · Part 6 (sections 32 to 39) sets out record keeping obligations and provides for infringement notices).
  • · Parts 7 and 8 (sections 46 to 55) provide for administrative matters.
  • · Part 9 (section 56) sets out the terms that are defined to have a particular meaning when used in this Act.
  • PART 2 - GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION IN RESPECT OF LOW INCOME EARNERS  

    Division 1 - Government co-contribution  

    SECTION 6   PERSON IN RESPECT OF WHOM GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION PAYABLE  

    6(1)  
    A Government co-contribution is payable under this Act in respect of a person for an income year of the person if:


    (a) the person makes one or more eligible personal superannuation contributions during the income year; and


    (b) 10% or more of the person's total income for the income year is attributable to either or both of the following:


    (i) the person engaging in activities covered under subsection (2);

    (ii) the person carrying on a business (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997); and


    (c) the person's total income for the income year is less than the higher income threshold; and


    (d) an income tax return for the person for the income year is lodged; and


    (da) the person's non-concessional contributions for the financial year corresponding to the income year do not exceed the person's non-concessional contributions cap for the financial year; and


    (db) immediately before the start of that financial year, the person's total superannuation balance is less than the general transfer balance cap for that financial year; and


    (e) the person is less than 71 years old at the end of the income year; and


    (f) the person:


    (i) is not the holder of a temporary visa under the Migration Act 1958 at any time in the income year; or

    (ii) at all times when he or she holds such a temporary visa during the income year, is a New Zealand citizen or the holder of a visa prescribed for the purposes of subsection 20AA(2) of the Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Act 1999.

    6(2)  


    A person engages in activities covered under this subsection if:


    (a) the person engages in any of these activities in the income year in which the person makes the contribution:


    (i) holding an office or appointment;

    (ii) performing functions or duties;

    (iii) engaging in work;

    (iv) doing acts or things; and


    (b) the activities result in the person being treated as an employee for the purposes of the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 (assuming that subsection 12(11) of that Act had not been enacted).

    6(3)  
    (Repealed by No 118 of 2013)

    SECTION 7   CONTRIBUTIONS THAT ATTRACT MATCHING GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTIONS  

    7(1)  
    A contribution a person made or makes is an eligible personal superannuation contribution if:


    (a) the contribution was or is made on or after 1 July 2003 to:


    (i) a fund that is a complying superannuation fund in relation to the income year of the fund in which the contribution was or is made; or

    (ii) an RSA the person holds; and


    (b) the contribution was or is made for the purpose of providing superannuation benefits for the person (regardless whether the benefits are payable to the person's dependants if the person dies before or after becoming entitled to receive the benefits); and


    (c) the contribution is not any of the following:


    (i) a roll-over superannuation benefit (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997);

    (ii) a superannuation lump sum that is paid from a foreign superannuation fund (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997);

    (iia) an amount transferred from a KiwiSaver scheme to a complying superannuation fund as mentioned in section 312-10 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997;

    (iii) a directed termination payment (within the meaning of section 82-10F of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997);

    (iv) an amount transferred from a scheme mentioned in paragraph 290-5(c) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    (v)-(vi) (Repealed by No 70 of 2015)

    7(2)  


    However, the contribution is an eligible personal superannuation contribution only to the extent that the Commissioner has not allowed the contribution as a deduction for the person.

    SECTION 8   TOTAL INCOME FOR INCOME YEAR  

    8(1)  
    The person's total income for the income year, disregarding the person's assessable FHSS released amount (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for the income year is the sum of:


    (a) the person's assessable income for the income year; and


    (b) the person's reportable fringe benefits total for the income year; and


    (c) the total of the person's reportable employer superannuation contributions (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for the income year.

    8(1A)  


    For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c) of this section, reduce (but not below zero) the reportable employer superannuation contributions by any excess concessional contributions (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) included in the person's assessable income under paragraph 291-15(a) of that Act for the income year.

    8(2)  


    However, the person's total income for the income year is reduced by amounts (if any) for which the person is entitled to a deduction as a result of carrying on a business (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997).

    8(3)  


    Subsection (2) does not apply for the purposes of paragraph 6(1)(b).

    Division 2 - Amount of the Government co-contribution  

    SECTION 9   BASIC RULE - GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION MATCHES PERSONAL CONTRIBUTIONS  

    9(1)   [Amount]  

    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year is:


    (a) for the 2003-04 income year - an amount equal to the sum of the eligible personal superannuation contributions the person makes during the income year; and


    (b) for the 2004-05 income year, the 2005-06 income year, the 2006-07 income year, the 2007-08 income year or the 2008-09 income year - an amount equal to 150% of the sum of the eligible personal superannuation contributions the person makes during the income year; and


    (c) for the 2009-10, 2010-11 and 2011-12 income years - an amount equal to the sum of the eligible personal superannuation contributions the person makes during the income year; and


    (d) for the 2012-13 income year or a later income year - an amount equal to 50% of the sum of the eligible personal superannuation contributions the person makes during the income year.


    (e) (Repealed by No 90 of 2010)

    9(2)   [Effect]  

    Subsection (1) has effect subject to sections 10, 10A, 11, 12, 21, 22 and 23.

    SECTION 10   TAPER BASED ON TOTAL INCOME FOR THE INCOME YEAR  

    10(1)  


    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2003-04 income year must not exceed the maximum amount worked out using the following table:


    Table
    Table
    Maximum Government co-contribution
    Item Person's total income for the income year Maximum amount
    1 the lower income threshold or less $1,000
    2 more than the lower income threshold but less than the higher income threshold $1,000 reduced by 8 cents for each dollar by which the person's total income for the income year exceeds the lower income threshold

    10(1A)  


    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2004-05 income year, the 2005-06 income year, the 2006-07 income year, the 2007-08 income year or the 2008-09 income year must not exceed the maximum amount worked out using the following table:


    Table
    Table
    Maximum Government co-contribution
    Item Person's total income for the income year Maximum amount
    1 the lower income threshold or less $1,500
    2 more than the lower income threshold but less than the higher income threshold $1,500 reduced by 5 cents for each dollar by which the person's total income for the income year exceeds the lower income threshold

    10(1B)  


    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2009-10 income year, 2010-11 income year or 2011-12 income year must not exceed the maximum amount worked out using the following table:


    Maximum Government co-contribution
    Item Person's total income for the income year Maximum amount
    1 the lower income threshold or less $1,000
    2 more than the lower income threshold but less than the higher income threshold $1,000 reduced by 3.333 cents for each dollar by which the person's total income for the income year exceeds the lower income threshold

    10(1C)  


    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2012-13 income year or a later income year must not exceed the maximum amount worked out using the following table:


    Maximum Government co-contribution
    Item Person's total income for the income year Maximum amount
    1 the lower income threshold or less $500
    2 more than the lower income threshold but less than the higher income threshold $500 reduced by 3.333 cents for each dollar by which the person's total income for the income year exceeds the lower income threshold

    10(1D)  
    (Repealed by No 90 of 2010)

    10(2)  


    Subsections (1), (1A), (1B) and (1C) have effect subject to sections 10A, 11, 12, 21, 22 and 23.

    SECTION 10A   INCREASES IN LOWER AND HIGHER INCOME THRESHOLD  

    10A(1)  


    This section provides for:


    (a) indexation of the lower income threshold for the 2007-08 income year and later income years (apart from the 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 income years); and


    (b) increases in the higher income threshold for the 2007-08 income year and each later income year (apart from the 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 income years) equal to the indexation increase in the lower income threshold for that year.

    10A(2)  


    The lower income threshold for an income year is:


    (a) for the 2003-04 income year - $27,500; or


    (b) for the 2004-05 income year or a later income year before the 2007-08 income year - $28,000; or


    (c) for the 2007-08 income year - $28,000 multiplied by the indexation factor for that income year; or


    (d) for a later income year - the amount of the lower income threshold for the previous income year multiplied by the indexation factor for that later income year.

    10A(3)  


    The higher income threshold for an income year is:


    (a) for the 2003-04 income year - $40,000; or


    (b) for the 2004-05 income year or a later income year before the 2007-08 income year - $58,000; or


    (c) for the 2007-08 income year or a later income year before the 2012-13 income year - the sum of:


    (i) the lower income threshold for that income year; and

    (ii) $30,000; or


    (d) for the 2012-13 income year or a later income year - the sum of:


    (i) the lower income threshold for that income year; and

    (ii) $15,000.

    10A(4)  
    If the lower income threshold for an income year is an amount of dollars and cents:


    (a) if the number of cents is less than 50 - the lower income threshold is to be rounded down to the nearest whole dollar; or


    (b) otherwise - the lower income threshold is to be rounded up to the nearest whole dollar.

    10A(5)  


    The indexation factor for an income year is the number calculated, to 3 decimal places, using the formula:


     Index number for the last quarter in current year 
    Index number for the last quarter in previous year

    where:

    current year
    means the period of 12 months ending on 31 December immediately before the income year for which the lower income threshold is being calculated.

    index number
    , for a quarter, means the estimate of full-time adult average weekly ordinary time earnings for the middle month of the quarter published by the Australian Statistician.

    previous year
    means the period of 12 months immediately before the current year.

    10A(5A)  


    Despite subsection (5), the indexation factor for the 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 income years is 1.

    10A(6)  
    If the number calculated under subsection (5) for a financial year would, if it were worked out to 4 decimal places, end with a number greater than 4, the number so calculated is increased by 0.001.

    10A(7)  
    If at any time, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, the Australian Statistician has published or publishes an index number for a quarter in substitution for an index number previously published for the quarter, the publication of the later index number is to be disregarded.

    10A(8)  
    The Commissioner must publish before, or as soon as practicable after, the start of the 2007-08 income year, and before the start of each later income year, the lower income threshold and the higher income threshold for the income year.

    SECTION 11   11   MINIMUM GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION  
    If the amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year, as calculated under sections 9 and 10 would be less than $20, the amount of the co-contribution is to be increased to $20.

    SECTION 12   GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION INCREASED BY INTEREST AMOUNT IF PAID LATE IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES  

    12(1)   [Interest to be paid for late payments]  

    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year is increased by the amount of interest worked out under subsection (2) if the Commissioner pays none of the Government co-contribution on or before the payment date for the co-contribution.

    12(2)   [Calculation of interest to be paid]  

    The interest is to be calculated:


    (a) on the amount of the Government co-contribution; and


    (b) for the period from the payment date for the Government co-contribution until the day on which the Commissioner first pays an amount in satisfaction of the Government co-contribution; and


    (c) on a daily basis; and


    (d) at the base interest rate for the day on which the interest is calculated.

    SECTION 12A   AMOUNT OF THE GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION FOR 2005-06 INCOME YEAR  

    12A(1)   [Application]  

    This section applies for the purposes of working out the amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2005-06 income year.

    12A(2)   [Amount]  

    Despite sections 9, 10, 10A and 11, that amount is double the amount worked out under those sections in respect of the person for the 2005-06 income year.

    12A(3)   [Underpayments; late payments]  

    Subsection (2) has effect subject to sections 12, 21, 22 and 23.

    12A(4)   [Interest payments]  

    For the purposes of working out an amount of interest under section 12, 21 or 22 in relation to the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for the 2005-06 income year:


    (a) disregard subsection (2); and


    (b) treat an amount paid by the Commissioner as not including any amount paid by the Commissioner because of subsection (2).

    PART 2A - LOW INCOME SUPERANNUATION TAX OFFSET  

    SECTION 12B   REFERENCE TO GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION INCLUDES REFERENCE TO LOW INCOME SUPERANNUATION TAX OFFSET  

    12B(1)  
    A law of the Commonwealth applies in relation to a low income superannuation tax offset in the same way as it applies in relation to a Government co-contribution.

    12B(2)  
    Subsection (1) does not apply to:


    (a) the following provisions:


    (i) Part 2 of this Act (other than section 12);

    (ii) this Part;

    (iii) section 23 of this Act;

    (iv) section 54 of this Act; and


    (b) any other law of the Commonwealth, to the extent that the other law relates to a provision mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

    12B(3)  


    Paragraph 14(1)(a) (Commissioner to have regard to income tax return) does not apply in deciding whether to make a determination under section 13 that a low income superannuation tax offset is payable under subsection 12C(2) in respect of a person for an income year.

    12B(4)  
    Subsections 24(3) and (4) have an operation in respect of low income superannuation tax offsets that is separate to their operation in respect of Government co-contributions.

    SECTION 12C   PERSON ENTITLED TO LOW INCOME SUPERANNUATION TAX OFFSET  

    12C(1)  
    A low income superannuation tax offset is payable under this subsection in respect of a person for an income year of the person if:


    (a) the person's concessional contributions for the financial year that corresponds to the income year are for a financial year starting on or after 1 July 2017; and


    (b) the person's adjusted taxable income for the income year (worked out in accordance with Schedule 3 to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999 (disregarding clauses 3 and 3A of that Schedule)) does not exceed $37,000; and


    (c) the requirement in paragraph 6(1)(b) is satisfied in respect of the person in relation to the income year; and


    (d) the requirement in paragraph 6(1)(f) is satisfied in respect of the person in relation to the income year.

    12C(2)  
    A low income superannuation tax offset is payable under this subsection in respect of a person for an income year of the person if:


    (a) the person's concessional contributions for the financial year that corresponds to the income year are for a financial year starting on or after 1 July 2017; and


    (b) 12 months after the end of the income year, the Commissioner reasonably believes there is insufficient information to decide whether to make a determination under section 13 that a low income superannuation tax offset is payable under subsection (1) in respect of the person for the income year; and


    (c) the Commissioner estimates that:


    (i) the person's adjusted taxable income for the income year (worked out in accordance with Schedule 3 to the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999 (disregarding clauses 3 and 3A of that Schedule)) does not exceed $37,000; and

    (ii) 10% or more of the person's total income for the income year (disregarding subsections 8(2) and (3)) is attributable to the person engaging in activities covered under subsection 6(2); and


    (d) the requirement in paragraph 6(1)(f) is satisfied in respect of the person in relation to the income year.

    12C(3)  
    For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), disregard the words "in which the person makes the contribution" in paragraph 6(2)(a).

    12C(4)  
    For the purposes of subparagraph (2)(c)(i), treat the person as having total deductions of $300 for the income year unless the Commissioner has information to the contrary.

    12C(5)  
    For the purposes of subparagraph (2)(c)(ii), disregard the words "in the income year in which the person makes the contribution" in paragraph 6(2)(a).

    SECTION 12D   12D   CONTRIBUTIONS THAT ATTRACT MATCHING LOW INCOME SUPERANNUATION CONTRIBUTION  
    (Repealed by No 82 of 2013)

    SECTION 12E   AMOUNT OF LOW INCOME SUPERANNUATION TAX OFFSET  

    12E(1)  


    This section applies if a low income superannuation tax offset is payable under subsection 12C(1) or (2) in respect of a person for an income year.

    12E(2)  
    The amount of the person's low income superannuation tax offset for the income year is:


    (a) unless paragraph (b) or (c) applies - 15% of the total of the person's concessional contributions for the financial year that corresponds to the income year; or


    (b) if the amount worked out under paragraph (a) exceeds $500 - $500; or


    (c) if the amount worked out under paragraph (a) is less than $10 - $10.

    12E(3)  


    For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), disregard:


    (a) contributions or amounts covered by paragraph 291-370(1)(a) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (about contributions or amounts in relation to constitutionally protected funds); and


    (b) any other amounts covered by paragraph 291-165(1)(c) of that Act.

    12E(4)  


    If, apart from this subsection:


    (a) there would be an underpaid amount as mentioned in section 19 in respect of the person's low income superannuation tax offset for the income year; and


    (b) the underpaid amount would be less than $10;

    decrease the amount of that low income superannuation tax offset by that underpaid amount.

    12E(5)  
    If, apart from this subsection:


    (a) there would be an amount overpaid as mentioned in section 24 in respect of the person's low income superannuation tax offset for the income year; and


    (b) the amount overpaid would be less than $10;

    increase the amount of that low income superannuation tax offset by that amount overpaid.

    SECTION 12F   CONSEQUENCES IF ESTIMATES NO LONGER ACCURATE  

    12F(1)  
    Treat a low income superannuation tax offset as never having been payable under subsection 12C(2) in respect of a person for an income year if:


    (a) the Commissioner obtains information after making the determination under section 13 that the tax offset was so payable; and


    (b) the Commissioner decides that, had the Commissioner obtained that information before making the determination, the Commissioner would not have made the determination.

    Note:

    The tax offset will be recoverable under section 24.

    12F(2)  
    The Commissioner must give the person written notice of the Commissioner's decision under paragraph (1)(b).

    SECTION 12G   REPORTS ON THIS PART  

    12G(1)  
    After the end of each quarter the Commissioner must give the Minister a report, for presentation to the Parliament, on the working of this Part during the quarter. The report must include, for the quarter to which the report relates, the prescribed details about beneficiaries of, and amounts of, low income superannuation tax offsets.

    12G(2)  
    After the end of each financial year the Commissioner must give the Minister a report, for presentation to the Parliament, that:


    (a) is on the working of this Part during the financial year; and


    (b) includes, for the financial year to which the report relates, the prescribed details about beneficiaries of, and amounts of, low income superannuation tax offsets.

    PART 3 - DETERMINATION THAT GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION PAYABLE  

    SECTION 13   COMMISSIONER'S DETERMINATION  

    13(1)   [Commissioner to determine if payment to be made]  

    The Commissioner must determine that a Government co-contribution is payable in respect of a person for an income year if the Commissioner is satisfied that the co-contribution is payable in respect of the person for the income year.

    13(2)   [Regulations may prescribe timing of payment]  

    The regulations may prescribe the time within which determinations under this section are to be made.

    SECTION 14   MATTERS COMMISSIONER HAS REGARD TO IN MAKING DETERMINATION  

    14(1)  
    In deciding whether to make a determination under section 13, the Commissioner must have regard to:


    (a) the income tax return lodged for the person for the income year; and


    (b) information about the contributions made to a complying superannuation fund, or an RSA, during the income year by, or in respect of, the person contained in:


    (i) statements given to the Commissioner by superannuation providers under the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997; and

    (ii) statements given to the Commissioner by superannuation providers under the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Members of Constitutionally Protected Superannuation Funds) Assessment and Collection Act 1997; and

    (iii) statements given to the Commissioner under Division 390 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953; and


    (c) information provided to the Commissioner in relation to the income year in response to requirements by the Commissioner under paragraph 353-10(1)(a) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 for the purpose of the administration or operation of this Act; and


    (d) any other information that:


    (i) is held or was obtained by the Commissioner under or for the purposes of a taxation law (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997); and

    (ii) the Commissioner considers is reasonably necessary to make the determination.

    14(2)  
    Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if:


    (a) the person dies during the income year; and


    (b) the trustee of the person's estate requests the Commissioner to make a determination before the statements referred to in that paragraph are given to the Commissioner.

    PART 4 - PAYMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION  

    SECTION 15   COMMISSIONER TO DETERMINE WHERE THE GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION PAYMENT IS TO BE DIRECTED  

    15(1)   [Payment destination]  

    If the Commissioner makes a determination under section 13 that a Government co-contribution is payable in respect of a person for an income year, the Commissioner must determine whether the co-contribution is to be paid:


    (a) to the trustee of a complying superannuation fund for crediting to an account of the person within that fund; or


    (b) to the provider of an RSA that the person holds for crediting to the RSA; or


    (c) to the person; or


    (d) to the person's legal personal representative; or


    (e) into an account of the person in the Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account.

    15(2)   [Which account]  

    If the Commissioner makes a determination under paragraph (1)(a) or (b), the Commissioner must also determine which particular account the Government co-contribution is to be paid into.

    15(3)   [Compliance with regulations]  

    The Commissioner must make determinations under subsections (1) and (2) in accordance with the regulations made for the purposes of this section.

    15(4)   [When Commissioner may revoke determination]  

    The Commissioner may revoke a determination made under this section if the Commissioner is satisfied that:


    (a)payment of the Government co-contribution cannot be effected in accordance with the determination; or


    (b) it is otherwise appropriate in the circumstances to revoke the determination.

    15(5)   [Regulations may prescribe timing]  

    The regulations may prescribe the time within which determinations under this section are to be made.

    SECTION 16   SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER TO RETURN GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION THAT CANNOT BE CREDITED TO ACCOUNT  

    16(1)  
    If:


    (a) a Government co-contribution in respect of a person is paid:


    (i) to the trustee of a complying superannuation fund for crediting to an account of the person within that fund; or

    (ii) to the provider of an RSA that the person holds for crediting to the RSA; and


    (b) the trustee or the provider has not credited the co-contribution to an account of that kind by the end of the 28th day after the day on which the co-contribution was paid to the trustee or the provider;

    the trustee or the provider:


    (c) is liable to repay the co-contribution to the Commonwealth; and


    (d) must give the Commissioner a statement, in the approved form, in relation to the co-contribution at the time when the co-contribution is repaid.

    Note:

    Section 25 provides for the imposition of general interest charge if the co-contribution is not repaid within a certain period.

    16(2)  
    The Commissioner may recover from the trustee or provider the amount the trustee or provider is liable to repay under subsection (1) as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

    16(3)  


    The trustee or provider commits an offence if the trustee or provider fails to give the Commissioner a statement, in the approved form, in relation to the co-contribution at the time when the co-contribution is repaid.

    Penalty: 50 penalty units.

    16(4)  
    An offence against subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

    SECTION 17   PAYMENT OF GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION  

    17(1)   [Payment only if determinations made]  

    The Commissioner must, in accordance with determinations made under sections 13 and 15, pay the Government co-contribution payable in respect of a person for an income year on or before the payment date for the Government co-contribution.

    17(2)   [Regulations may prescribe payment date]  

    The payment date for a Government co-contribution is to be worked out in accordance with the regulations.

    17(3)   [Payment date can be before determination]  

    The regulations may provide that, in the circumstances specified in the regulations, the payment date for a Government co-contribution is to be a day that occurs before the determinations under sections 13 and 15 are made in relation to the Government co-contribution.

    SECTION 18   COMMISSIONER TO GIVE INFORMATION IF CO-CONTRIBUTION PAID  

    18(1)   [Details to be provided to payee or representative]  

    If the Commissioner pays a Government co-contribution in respect of a person to:


    (a) the person; or


    (b) the person's legal personal representative;

    the Commissioner must give the person or the representative the prescribed information in relation to the co-contribution at the time the co-contribution is paid.

    Note:

    The person will be given the details of the contribution:

  • (a) by the superannuation provider under the Corporations Regulations 2001 if the Government co-contribution is paid into a complying superannuation fund or an RSA account; and
  • (b) by the Commissioner under the Small Superannuation Accounts Act 1995 if the Government co-contribution is paid into an account in the Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account.
  • 18(2)   [Details to be provided to trustee or provider]  

    If the Commissioner pays a Government co-contribution in respect of a person to:


    (a) the trustee of a complying superannuation fund for crediting to an account of the person within that fund; or


    (b) the provider of an RSA that the person holds for crediting to the RSA;

    the Commissioner must give the trustee or provider the prescribed information in relation to the co-contribution at the time the co-contribution is paid.

    PART 5 - UNDERPAYMENTS AND OVERPAYMENTS  

    Division 1 - Underpayments  

    SECTION 19   UNDERPAYMENT DETERMINATIONS  

    19(1)   [Application]  

    This section applies if the Commissioner:


    (a) pays an amount by way of Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year; and


    (b) is satisfied that the amount paid is less than the correct amount of the co-contribution.

    19(2)   [``underpaid amount'']  

    The amount by which the correct amount exceeds the amount paid is the underpaid amount .

    19(3)   [Determination must be made]  

    The Commissioner must determine that the underpaid amount is to be paid in respect of the person for the income year.

    19(4)   [Commissioner must determine where to pay]  

    If the Commissioner makes a determination under subsection (3), the Commissioner must determine whether the underpaid amount is to be paid:


    (a) to the trustee of a complying superannuation fund for crediting to an account of the person within that fund; or


    (b) to the provider of an RSA that the person holds for crediting to the RSA; or


    (c) to the person; or


    (d) to the person's legal personal representative; or


    (e) into an account of the person in the Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account.

    19(5)   [Commissioner must determine which account]  

    If the Commissioner makes a determination under paragraph (4)(a) or (b), the Commissioner must also determine which particular account the underpaid amount is to be paid into.

    19(6)   [Commissioner must follow Regulations]  

    The Commissioner must make determinations under subsections (4) and (5) in accordance with the regulations made for the purposes of this section.

    19(7)   [Revocation of determination]  

    The Commissioner may revoke a determination made under this section if the Commissioner is satisfied that:


    (a) payment of the underpaid amount cannot be effected in accordance with the determination; or


    (b) it is otherwise appropriate in the circumstances to revoke the determination.

    19(8)   [Regulations may prescribe timing]  

    The regulations may prescribe the time within which determinations under this section are to be made.

    19(9)   [Timing]  

    The Commissioner must, in accordance with the determinations made under this section, pay the underpaid amount on or before the payment date for the underpaid amount.

    SECTION 20   SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER TO RETURN UNDERPAID AMOUNT THAT CANNOT BE CREDITED TO ACCOUNT  

    20(1)  
    If:


    (a) the underpaid amount in respect of a person is paid:


    (i) to the trustee of a complying superannuation fund for crediting to an account of the person within that fund; or

    (ii) to the provider of an RSA that the person holds for crediting to the RSA; and


    (b) the trustee or the provider has not credited the underpaid amount to an account of that kind by the end of the 28th day after the day on which the co-contribution was paid to the trustee or the provider;

    the trustee or the provider:


    (c) is liable to repay the underpaid amount to the Commonwealth; and


    (d) must give the Commissioner a statement, in the approved form, in relation to the underpaid amount at the time when the underpaid amount is repaid.

    Note:

    Section 25 provides for the imposition of general interest charge if the underpaid amount is not repaid within a certain period.

    20(2)  
    The Commissioner may recover from the trustee or provider the amount the trustee or provider is liable to repay under subsection (1) as a debt due to the Commonwealth.

    20(3)  


    The trustee or provider commits an offence if the trustee or provider fails to give the Commissioner a statement, in the approved form, in relation to the underpaid amount at the time when the underpaid amount is repaid.

    Penalty: 50 penalty units.

    20(4)  
    An offence against subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

    SECTION 21   GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION INCREASED BY INTEREST AMOUNT IF UNDERPAID AMOUNT PAID LATE IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES  

    21(1)   [Late payments]  

    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year is increased by the amount of interest worked out under subsection (3) if the Commissioner does not pay the underpaid amount in full on or before the payment date for the underpaid amount.

    21(2)   [Payment date in accordance with regulations]  

    The payment date for the underpaid amount is to be worked out in accordance with the regulations.

    21(3)   [Interest]  

    The interest is to be calculated:


    (a) on the underpaid amount that remains unpaid on the payment date for the underpaid amount; and


    (b) for the period from the payment date for the underpaid amount (see subsection (2)) until the day on which the underpaid amount is paid in full; and


    (c) on a daily basis; and


    (d) at the base interest rate for the day on which the interest is calculated.

    SECTION 22   GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION INCREASED BY INTEREST AMOUNT IF UNDERPAID AMOUNT DUE TO ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR  

    22(1)   [Determination to correct error]  

    This section applies if:


    (a) the Commissioner makes a determination under section 19 that an underpaid amount is to be paid in respect of a person for an income year; and


    (b) the determination is made on the basis that a particular amount is the correct amount of the Government co-contribution payable in respect of the person for the income year; and


    (c) the determination is necessary to correct an administrative error.

    22(2)   [``payment shortfall'']  

    The payment shortfall is the difference between:


    (a) the amount referred to in paragraph (1)(b); and


    (b) the sum of the amounts that have already been paid by way of Government co-contribution in respect of the person for the income year before the determination under section 19 is made.

    22(3)   [Interest]  

    The amount of the Government co-contribution in respect of the person for the income year is increased by the amount of interest worked out under subsection (4).

    22(4)   [Calculation of interest]  

    The interest is to be calculated:


    (a) on the amount of the payment shortfall; and


    (b) for the period from the payment date for the Government co-contribution (see subsection 17(2)) until the payment date for the underpaid amount (see subsection 21(2)); and


    (c) on a daily basis; and


    (d) at the base interest rate for the day on which the interest is calculated.

    22(5)   [Regulations]  

    The regulations:


    (a) may provide that an error of a kind specified in the regulations is an administrative error for the purposes of this section; and


    (b) may provide that an error of a kind specified in the regulations is not an administrative error for the purposes of this section.

    SECTION 23   23   SMALL UNDERPAYMENTS  
    If:


    (a) the Commissioner makes a determination under section 19 in relation to a Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year; and


    (b) the underpaid amount is less than $5; and


    (c) the underpaid amount is to be paid by cheque to:


    (i) the person; or

    (ii) the person's legal personal representative;

    the amount of the co-contribution is increased by the difference between $5 and the underpaid amount.

    Division 2 - Recovery of overpayments  

    SECTION 24   RECOVERY OF OVERPAYMENT OF GOVERNMENT CO-CONTRIBUTION IN RESPECT OF A PERSON  

    24(1)   [Application]  

    This section applies if:


    (a) the Commissioner pays an amount by way of Government co-contribution in respect of a person for an income year; and


    (b) either:


    (i) the co-contribution was not payable in respect of the person for the income year; or

    (ii) the amount paid is more than the correct amount of the co-contribution.

    24(2)   [``amount overpaid'']  

    The amount overpaid is:


    (a) the whole of the amount referred to in paragraph (1)(a) if the co-contribution was not payable in respect of the person for the income year; or


    (b) the amount by which the amount paid exceeds the correct amount if the amount paid is more than the correct amount of the co-contribution.

    24(3)   [Recovery]  

    The Commissioner may take action to recover the amount overpaid under one or more of the items in the following table but may only take action under an item if the conditions (if any) specified for that item are satisfied:


    Table
    Table
    Methods for recovering amount overpaid
    Item Action the Commissioner may take to recover amount overpaid Conditions to be satisfied
    1 The Commissioner may deduct the whole or a part of the amount overpaid from any Government co-contribution payable in respect of the person.
    2 The Commissioner may debit an account of the person in the Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account with the whole or a part of the amount overpaid. The account must include one or more Government co-contributions in respect of the person.

    The amount debited must not exceed the amount of those Government co-contributions.
    3 The Commissioner may recover the whole or a part of the amount overpaid from the person (or the person's legal personal representative) as a debt due by the person (or the representative) to the Commonwealth. The Government co-contribution must have been paid by the Commissioner to the person (or the representative).

    The Commissioner must give the person (or the representative) written notice, as prescribed, of the proposed recovery (including the amount to be recovered).
    At least 28 days must have elapsed since the notice was given.

    The amount recovered must not exceed the amount specified in the notice.
    4 The Commissioner may recover the whole or a part of the amount overpaid from a superannuation provider to whom:

    (a) the Commissioner paid the Government co-contribution; or

    (b) another superannuation provider transferred the Government co-contribution;

    as a debt due by the superannuation provider to the Commonwealth.
    The superannuation provider must hold one or more Government co-contributions in respect of the person.

    The amount recovered must not exceed the amount of those Government co-contributions.

    The Commissioner must give the superannuation provider written notice, as prescribed, of the proposed recovery (including the amount to be recovered).
    At least 28 days must have elapsed since the notice was given.

    The amount recovered must not exceed the amount specified in the notice.

    Note:

    Section 25 provides for the imposition of general interest charge if an amount that the person must pay under a notice given to the person under item 3 or 4 of the above table is not repaid within a certain period.

    24(4)   [Recovery regardless of provider's continued holding]  

    If:


    (a) the Commissioner gives a superannuation provider a notice under item 4 of the table in subsection (3) in relation to an amount overpaid in respect of a person; and


    (b) the provider holds one or more Government co-contributions in respect of the person at the time when the Commissioner gives the provider the notice;

    the Commissioner may recover from the provider under that item whether or not the provider continues to hold the contribution or contributions after that time.

    24(5)   [Revocation]  

    The Commissioner may revoke a notice given under item 3 or 4 of the table in subsection (3) if the Commissioner is satisfied that it is appropriate in the circumstances to do so.

    24(6)   [Amount recovered]  

    The total of the amounts deducted, debited or recovered under subsection (3) in relation to an overpayment must not exceed the amount overpaid.

    24(7)   [Commissioner to provide information]  

    If the Commissioner makes:


    (a) a deduction under item 1 of the table in subsection (3); or


    (b) a debit under item 2 of the table;

    in relation to a Government co-contribution in respect of a person, the Commissioner must give the person the prescribed information in relation to the deduction or debit within 28 days after the deduction or debit is made.

    PART 5A - GENERAL INTEREST CHARGE  

    SECTION 25   WHEN GENERAL INTEREST CHARGE PAYABLE  

    25(1A)   [Superannuation providers]  

    If:


    (a) a person is liable under subsection 16(1) or 20(1) to repay an amount; and


    (b) the whole or a part of the amount remains unpaid after the time by which the amount is due to be paid;

    the person is liable to pay general interest charge on the unpaid amount.

    25(1)   [Application of the GIC]  

    If:


    (a) the Commissioner gives a person notice under item 3 or 4 of the table in subsection 24(3); and


    (b) an amount that the person must pay under the notice remains unpaid after the time by which it is due to be paid;

    the person is liable to pay general interest charge on the unpaid amount.

    25(2)   [Liability to pay]  

    A person who is liable under this section to pay general interest charge on an unpaid amount is liable to pay the charge for each day in the period that:


    (a) started at the beginning of the day by which the unpaid amount was due to be paid; and


    (b) finishes at the end of the last day at the end of which any of the following remains unpaid:


    (i) the unpaid amount;

    (ii) general interest charge on any of the unpaid amount.

    25(3)   [Timing]  

    For the purposes of this section:


    (a) an amount that a person becomes liable under subsection 16(1) or 20(1) to repay is due to be paid 7 days after the day on which the person first becomes liable to repay the amount; and


    (b) an amount payable under a notice given under item 3 or 4 of the table in subsection 24(3) is due to be paid 28 days after the day on which the notice is given.

    25(4)   [``general interest charge'']  

    In this section:

    general interest charge
    means the charge worked out under Part IIA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    PART 6 - ENFORCEMENT  

    Division 1 - Record keeping obligations  

    SECTION 26   26   SUPERANNUATION PROVIDERS MUST GIVE STATEMENTS TO COMMISSIONER  
    (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)

    SECTION 27   27   STATEMENTS WHERE CONTRIBUTED AMOUNTS TRANSFERRED BETWEEN SUPERANNUATION PROVIDERS  
    (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)

    SECTION 28   28   STATEMENTS FROM SUPERANNUATION PROVIDERS TO MEMBERS  
    (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)

    SECTION 29   29   FORM IN WHICH INFORMATION IS TO BE GIVEN TO COMMISSIONER OR SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER  
    (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)

    SECTION 30   30   COMMISSIONER MAY REQUIRE MEMBER OR LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE TO GIVE INFORMATION  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 31   31   COMMISSIONER MAY REQUIRE SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER TO GIVE INFORMATION  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 32   RECORDS TO BE KEPT AND RETAINED BY SUPERANNUATION PROVIDER   Superannuation provider to keep records

    32(1)  
    A superannuation provider commits an offence if the provider fails to keep records that record and explain all transactions and other acts the provider engages in, or is required to engage in, under this Act or the regulations.

    Penalty: 30 penalty units.

    How records to be kept

    32(2)  
    The superannuation provider commits an offence if the records are not either:


    (a) kept in writing in the English language; or


    (b) kept so as to enable the records to be readily accessible and convertible into writing in the English language.

    Penalty: 30 penalty units.

    Period for retention of records

    32(3)  
    A superannuation provider commits an offence if the provider fails to retain any records kept or obtained under or for the purposes of this Act until the later of:


    (a) the end of 5 years after they were prepared or obtained; and


    (b) the completion of the transactions or acts to which those records relate.

    Penalty: 30 penalty units.

    When records need not be kept

    32(4)  
    Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply if:


    (a) the Commissioner has notified the superannuation provider that the retention of the records is not required; or


    (b) the superannuation provider is a company that has gone into liquidation and been finally dissolved.

    Note:

    In a prosecution for an offence against subsection (2) or (3), the defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

    Division 2 - Infringement notices  

    SECTION 33   WHEN AN INFRINGEMENT NOTICE CAN BE SERVED  

    33(1)   [Offences]  

    Subject to subsection (2), the Commissioner may cause an infringement notice to be served on a superannuation provider in accordance with this Division if the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the superannuation provider has committed an offence against:


    (a) subsection 16(3); or


    (b) subsection 20(3).


    (c) (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)


    (d) (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)


    (e) (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)


    (f) (Repealed by No 9 of 2007)

    33(2)   [More than one offence]  

    An infringement notice must not relate to more than one offence unless:


    (a) the offences are:


    (i) an offence constituted by refusing or failing to comply with a requirement before a specified time or within a specified period; and

    (ii) one or more daily offences constituted by refusing or failing to comply with the requirement after that time or period; or


    (b) the offences are 2 or more daily offences constituted by refusing or failing to comply with the same requirement after the time before which, or the end of the period within which, the requirement was to be complied with.

    Note:

    For daily offences, see section 4K of the Crimes Act 1914.

    33(3)   [Timing]  

    An infringement notice does not have any effect unless it is served within one year after the day on which the offence or the earlier or earliest of the offences is alleged to have been committed.

    SECTION 34   MATTERS TO BE INCLUDED IN AN INFRINGEMENT NOTICE  

    34(1)   [What notice must include]  

    An infringement notice must:


    (a) state the name of the person on whom it is to be served; and


    (b) state that it is being served on behalf of the Commissioner; and


    (c) state:


    (i) the nature of the alleged offence or offences; and

    (ii) the time (if known) and date on which, and the place at which, the offence or the earlier or earliest of the offences is alleged to have been committed; and

    (iii) the maximum penalty that a court could impose for the alleged offence or offences; and


    (d) specify a penalty that is payable under the notice in respect of the alleged offence or offences; and


    (e) state that, if the person does not wish the matter to be dealt with by a court, the person may pay to the Commissioner the amount of the penalty specified in the notice within 28 days after the date of service of the notice; and


    (f) state that the person may make written representations to the Commissioner seeking the withdrawal of the notice.

    Note:

    The Commissioner has power to extend periods stated in notices under paragraph (1)(e) (see section 39).

    34(2)   [Commissioner may include other matters]  

    An infringement notice may contain any other matters that the Commissioner considers necessary.

    34(3)   [Penalty]  

    The penalty to be specified in an infringement notice under paragraph (1)(d) is 20% of the maximum amount of the fine or fines that a court could impose for the offence or offences.

    SECTION 35   WITHDRAWAL OF INFRINGEMENT NOTICE  

    35(1)   [Request for withdrawal]  

    A person on whom an infringement notice has been served may make written representations to the Commissioner seeking the withdrawal of the notice.

    35(2)   [Commissioner may withdraw]  

    The Commissioner may withdraw an infringement notice served on a person (whether or not the person has made representations seeking the withdrawal) by causing written notice of the withdrawal to be served on the person within the period within which the penalty specified in the infringement notice is required to be paid.

    35(3)   [Considerations for withdrawing]  

    The matters to which the Commissioner may have regard in deciding whether or not to withdraw an infringement notice include, but are not limited to, the following:


    (a) whether the person has previously been convicted of an offence for a contravention of this Act;


    (b) the circumstances in which the offence or offences specified in the notice are alleged to have been committed;


    (c) whether the person has previously been served with an infringement notice in respect of which the person paid the penalty specified in the notice;


    (d) any written representations made by the person.

    35(4)   [Refunds due to withdrawal]  

    If:


    (a) the person pays the penalty specified in the infringement notice within the period within which the penalty is required to be paid; and


    (b) the notice is withdrawn after the person pays the penalty;

    the Commissioner must refund to the person, out of money appropriated by the Parliament, an amount equal to the amount paid.

    SECTION 36   WHAT HAPPENS IF PENALTY IS PAID  

    36(1)   [Application]  

    This section applies if:


    (a) an infringement notice is served on a person; and


    (b) the person pays the penalty specified in the notice before the end of the period referred to in paragraph 34(1)(e); and


    (c) the infringement notice is not withdrawn.

    36(2)   [Liabilities discharged]  

    Any liability of the person for the offence or offences specified in the notice, and for any other offence or offences constituted by the same omission, is taken to be discharged.

    36(3)   [Further proceedings cannot be taken]  

    Further proceedings cannot be taken against the person for the offence or offences specified in the notice and proceedings cannot be taken against the person for any other offence or offences constituted by the same omission.

    36(4)   [No conviction]  

    The person is not regarded as having been convicted of the offence or offences specified in the notice.

    SECTION 37   37   MORE THAN ONE INFRINGEMENT NOTICE MAY NOT BE SERVED FOR THE SAME OFFENCE  
    This Division does not permit the service of more than one infringement notice on a person for the same offence or offences.

    SECTION 38   38   INFRINGEMENT NOTICE NOT REQUIRED TO BE SERVED  
    This Division does not:


    (a) require an infringement notice to be served on a person in relation to an offence; or


    (b) affect the liability of a person to be prosecuted for an offence if:


    (i) an infringement notice is not served on the person in relation to the offence or in relation to any other offence constituted by the same omission; or

    (ii) an infringement notice served on the person in relation to the offence or in relation to any other offence constituted by the same omission has been withdrawn; or


    (c) affect the liability of a person to be prosecuted for an offence if the person does not comply with an infringement notice served on the person in relation to the offence or in relation to any other offence constituted by the same omission; or


    (d) limit the amount of the penalty that may be imposed by a court on a person convicted of an offence.

    SECTION 39   COMMISSIONER MAY EXTEND PERIOD FOR PAYMENT OF PENALTY  

    39(1)   [Commissioner's power]  

    The Commissioner may, by writing, extend, in relation to a particular person, the period referred to in paragraph 34(1)(e).

    39(2)   [Timing of power]  

    The power of the Commissioner under subsection (1) to extend the period may be exercised before or after the end of the period.

    39(3)   [Application of extension]  

    If the Commissioner extends a period under subsection (1), a reference in this Division, or in a notice or other instrument under this Division, to the period is taken, in relation to the person, to be a reference to the period as so extended.

    Division 3 - Access to premises  

    SECTION 40   40   APPOINTMENT OF AUTHORISED PERSONS  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 41   41   POWERS OF AUTHORISED PERSON IN RELATION TO PREMISES  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 42   42   OBSTRUCTION OF AUTHORISED PERSON ACTING UNDER A WARRANT  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 43   43   PERSONS TO ASSIST AUTHORISED PERSONS ACTING UNDER A WARRANT  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 44   44   WARRANT TO ENTER PREMISES  


    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    SECTION 45   45   IDENTITY CARDS  
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    PART 7 - ADMINISTRATION  

    Division 1 - General administration  

    SECTION 46   46   COMMISSIONER TO HAVE GENERAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE ACT  
    The Commissioner has the general administration of this Act.

    Note:

    An effect of this provision is that people who acquire information under this Act are subject to the confidentiality obligations and exceptions in Division 355 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    SECTION 47   DECISIONS TO BE IN WRITING  

    47(1)   [Decision must be in writing]  

    A decision of the Commissioner under this Act or the regulations must be in writing.

    47(2)   [Use of computers]  

    Such a decision is taken to be in writing if it is made, or recorded, by means of a computer.

    SECTION 48   COMMISSIONER MAY ARRANGE FOR USE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMS TO MAKE DECISIONS  

    48(1)   [Commissioner may use computer programs to make decisions]  

    The Commissioner may arrange for the use, under the Commissioner's control, of computer programs for any purposes for which the Commissioner may make decisions under this Act or the regulations.

    48(2)   [Effect]  

    A decision made by the operation of a computer program under an arrangement made under subsection (1) is taken to be a decision made by the Commissioner.

    Division 2 - Review of decisions  

    SECTION 49   REVIEW OF DECISIONS  

    49(1)  


    A person affected by a decision (the original decision ) made by the Commissioner under Part 2, 2A, 3, 4 or 5 may apply to the Commissioner for review of the decision.

    49(2)  
    If the person does so, the Commissioner must either:


    (a) review the original decision and decide to:


    (i) affirm it; or

    (ii) vary it; or

    (iii) set it aside and substitute a new decision; or


    (b) arrange for an authorised review officer (see section 50) to do so.

    49(3)  
    In making arrangements fora review under subsection (2), the Commissioner must have regard to the need for the review to be an independent one.

    SECTION 50   50   AUTHORISED REVIEW OFFICERS  
    The Commissioner must authorise taxation officers to be authorised review officers for the purposes of this Division.

    SECTION 51   WITHDRAWAL OF REVIEW APPLICATIONS  

    51(1)   [Application may be withdrawn]  

    An applicant for review under section 49 may, in writing or in any other manner approved by the Commissioner, withdraw the application at any time before the decision reviewer does any of the things in subsection 49(2).

    51(2)   [Effect]  

    If an application is so withdrawn, it is taken never to have been made.

    Division 3 - Other administrative matters  

    SECTION 52   52   TAX FILE NUMBERS  
    The Commissioner may use for the purposes of this Act, or the regulations, a tax file number that has been provided for any other purpose under a law relating to taxation or superannuation.

    SECTION 53   53   SECRECY  
    (Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

    SECTION 54   REPORTS  

    54(1)  
    After the end of each quarter the Commissioner must give the Minister a report, for presentation to the Parliament, on the working of this Act during the quarter. The report must include, for the quarter to which the report relates, the prescribed details about beneficiaries of, and amounts of, Government co-contributions.

    54(2)  
    After the end of each financial year the Commissioner must give the Minister a report, for presentation to the Parliament, that:


    (a) is on the working of this Act during the financial year; and


    (b) includes, for the financial year to which the report relates, the prescribed details about beneficiaries of, and amounts of, Government co-contributions; and


    (c) specifies, for each prescribed range of total income, the number of beneficiaries of a Government co-contribution for the financial year whose total income that was used to determine the amount of their Government co-contribution fell within that range; and


    (d) specifies, for each prescribed range of taxable income, the number of people who the Commissioner is satisfied:


    (i) were, at the end of the financial year, the spouse of a beneficiary of a Government co-contribution for the financial year; and

    (ii) had a taxable income for that financial year that fell within that range; and


    (e) specifies the number of beneficiaries of Government co-contributions for the financial year who the Commissioner was not satisfied had a spouse at the end of the financial year; and


    (f) specifies the number of people:


    (i) who the Commissioner is satisfied were, at the end of the financial year, the spouse of a beneficiary of a Government co-contribution for the financial year; and

    (ii) whose taxable income for the financial year was not able to be determined by the Commissioner.

    54(3)  


    In this section:

    spouse
    of a beneficiary of a Government co-contribution includes:


    (a) a person (whether of the same sex or a different sex) with whom the beneficiary is in a relationship that is registered under a law of a State or Territory prescribed for the purposes of section 2E of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as a kind of relationship prescribed for the purposes of that section; and


    (b) a person who, although not legally married to the beneficiary, lives with the beneficiary on a genuine domestic basis in a relationship as a couple.

    taxable income
    has the meaning given by section 4-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    PART 8 - MISCELLANEOUS  

    SECTION 55   55   REGULATIONS  
    The Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters:


    (a) required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; or


    (b) necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act;

    and, in particular, prescribing penalties, not exceeding a fine of 5 penalty units, for offences against the regulations.

    Note:

    The regulations may relate to the Government co-contribution and the low income superannuation tax offset (see section 12B).

    PART 9 - DICTIONARY  

    SECTION 56   56   DICTIONARY  


    In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

    approved deposit fund
    has the same meaning as in section 10 of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

    approved form
    has the meaning given by section 388-50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    assessable income
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    authorised person
    (Repealed by No 2 of 2015)

    base interest rate
    for a day has the same meaning as in section 8AAD of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    Commissioner
    means the Commissioner of Taxation.

    complying superannuation fund
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    concessional contributions
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    constitutionally protected fund
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    contributed amounts
    has the same meaning as in the Superannuation Contributions Tax (Assessment and Collection) Act 1997.

    court
    includes any tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

    credit
    to an RSA that is a policy (within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995) means pay as a premium in relation to the policy.

    decision
    includes a decision not to make a determination under section 13, 15 or 19.

    dependant
    has the same meaning as in the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

    Deputy Commissioner
    (Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

    eligible personal superannuation contribution
    has the meaning given by section 7.

    eligible temporary resident visa
    (Repealed by No 27 of 2009)

    examinable documents
    means any documents relevant to the operation of this Act or the regulations.

    general transfer balance cap
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    Government co-contribution
    means a Government co-contribution payable under this Act.

    higher income threshold
    has the meaning given by section 10A.

    hold
    : a person holds an RSA account if the person is the holder of the account within the meaning of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

    income tax return
    means:


    (a) a return under section 161, 162 or 163 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; or


    (b) a return by the trustee of a deceased person's estate under Subdivision 260-E of Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    income year
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    indexation factor
    has the meaning given by section 10A.

    infringement notice
    means a notice given under section 33.

    lower income threshold
    has the meaning given by section 10A.

    low income superannuation contribution
    (Repealed by No 96 of 2014)

    low income superannuation tax offset
    means a low income superannuation tax offset payable under this Act.

    member
    means a member, or former member, of a superannuation fund or of an approved deposit fund and includes the holder, or former holder, of an RSA.

    non-concessional contributions
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    non-concessional contributions cap
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    payment date
    means:


    (a) for a Government co-contribution - the date worked out in accordance with the regulations made for the purposes of section 17; or


    (b) for an underpaid amount of a Government co-contribution - the date worked out in accordance with the regulations made for the purposes of section 21.

    prescribed penalty
    for a contravention means 5 penalty units for each week or part of a week during which the contravention continues.

    Note:

    See section 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914 for the current value of a penalty unit.

    produce
    a document includes permit access to the document.

    protected document
    (Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

    protected information
    (Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

    provider
    of an RSA has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

    reportable fringe benefits total
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    RSA
    has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

    Second Commissioner
    (Repealed by No 145 of 2010)

    Superannuation Holding Accounts Account
    (Repealed by No 8 of 2005)

    Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account
    means the Superannuation Holding Accounts Special Account continued in existence by section 8 of the Small Superannuation Accounts Act 1995.

    superannuation provider
    means:


    (a) the trustee of a complying superannuation fund; or


    (b) the provider of an RSA; or


    (c) the trustee of a constitutionally protected fund.

    taxation officer
    means a person employed or engaged under the Public Service Act 1999 who is:


    (a) exercising powers; or


    (b) performing functions;

    under, pursuant to or in relation to a taxation law (as defined in section 2 of the Taxation Administration Act 1953).

    total income
    of a person for an income year has the meaning given by section 8.

    total superannuation balance
    has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

    trustee
    of a superannuation fund, or constitutionally protected fund, means:


    (a) if there is a trustee (within the ordinary meaning of that expression) of the fund - the trustee; or


    (b) otherwise - the person who manages the fund.

    trustee
    , when used in relation to a deceased person's estate, has the same meaning as in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    underpaid amount
    of a Government co-contribution has the meaning given by subsection 19(2).