Income Tax Assessment Amendment Regulations 2007 (No. 2)

(90 of 2007)

12 April 2007

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

1   Name of Regulations

These Regulations are the Income Tax Assessment Amendment Regulations 2007 (No. 2).

2   Commencement

These Regulations commence as follows:

(a) on the day after they are registered - regulations 1, 2 and 3 and Schedule 1;

(b) on 1 July 2007 - regulation 4 and Schedule 2;

(c) immediately after the commencement of Schedule 2 - regulation 5 and Schedule 3.

3   Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997

Schedule 1 amends the Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997.

4   Amendment of Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997

Schedule 2 amends the Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997.

5   Amendment of Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997

(1) Schedule 3 amends the Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997, as amended by Schedule 2.

(2) The amendments made by Schedule 3 apply in relation to an income year that starts on or after 1 July 2007.

Schedule 1   Amendment commencing on day after registration

[1]   Part 2, after Division 70

insert

Division 292 Excess contributions tax

Subdivision 292-C Excess non-concessional contributions tax

292-90.01 Non-concessional contributions for a financial year

(1) For paragraph 292-90 (4) (a) of the Act, this regulation sets out conditions for the purpose of allocating an amount in a complying superannuation plan.

Note The effect of paragraph 292-90 (4) (a) of the Act is that an amount is covered under that subsection if it is an amount in a complying superannuation plan that is allocated by the superannuation provider in relation to the plan for the year in accordance with conditions specified in the Regulations.

(2) Subject to subregulation (3), an amount that:

(a) is allocated under Division 7.2 of the SIS Regulations; and

(b) is not assessable contributions under Subdivision 295-C of the Act;

is to be treated as having been allocated by the superannuation provider in a way that is covered by paragraph 292-90 (4) (a) of the Act.

(3) Each of the following amounts is to be treated as not having been allocated by the superannuation provider in a way that is covered by paragraph 292-90 (4) (a) of the Act, even if subregulation (2) would also apply to the amount:

(a) a Government co-contribution made under the Superannuation (Government Co-contribution for Low Income Earners) Act 2003;

(b) a contribution covered under section 292-95 of the Act;

(c) a contribution covered under section 292-100 of the Act, to the extent that it does not exceed the CGT cap amount when it is made;

(d) a contribution made to a constitutionally protected fund (other than a contribution included in the contributions segment of the member’s superannuation interest in the fund);

(e) contributions not included in the assessable income of the superannuation provider in relation to the superannuation plan because of a choice made under section 295-180 of the Act;

(f) a contribution that is a roll-over superannuation benefit;

(g) the tax free component of a directed termination payment (within the meaning of section 82-10F of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997) made in the financial year on behalf of the member.

Schedule 2   Amendments commencing on 1 July 2007

[1]   Part 2, after Division 292

insert

Division 306 Roll-overs etc

306-10.01 Roll-over superannuation benefit

For paragraph 306-10 (b) of the Act, a kind of superannuation benefit is a benefit to which the following requirements exist:

(a) the benefit arises from the commutation of a superannuation income stream paid to a person ( person 1 ) because of the death of another person ( person 2 ); and

(b) person 1 was not the spouse of person 2 at the time of person 2’s death.

Note Under section 306-10 of the Act, a superannuation benefit is a roll-over superannuation benefit if it meets the requirements specified in the section. One of the requirements is that the benefit is not a superannuation benefit of a kind specified in the Regulations.

Division 307 Key concepts relating to superannuation benefits

Subdivision 307-D Superannuation interests

307-200.01 Application of Subdivision 307-D to Subdivision 292-D of the Act

For the purposes of calculating an amount of contributions under Subdivision 292-D of the Act, this Subdivision does not apply.

307-200.02 Meaning of superannuation interests

For subsection 307-200 (2) of the Act, every amount, benefit or entitlement that a member holds in a superannuation plan is to be treated as 1 superannuation interest in the relevant superannuation fund unless the amount, benefit or entitlement is to be treated as 2 or more superannuation interests in accordance with 1 of the other arrangements in this Subdivision.

307-200.03 Meaning of superannuation interests - treating a superannuation interest as 2 or more superannuation interests (public sector schemes)

(1) For subsection 307-200 (1) of the Act, this regulation explains how to treat a superannuation interest in a public sector superannuation scheme as 2 or more superannuation interests.

(2) The interest is to be treated as 2 interests if:

(a) the superannuation benefit that is to be paid from the scheme is sourced:

(i) partly from contributions made into the scheme or earnings on those contributions; and

(ii) partly from 1 or more other sources; or

(b) the superannuation benefits that are to be paid from the scheme are sourced:

(i) partly from contributions made into the scheme or earnings on those contributions; and

(ii) partly from 1 or more other sources.

(3) For subregulation (2), the interests are:

(a) an interest that consists of the contributions made into the scheme and the earnings on those contributions; and

(b) an interest that consists of the remainder of the amount sourced from the other source or sources.

(4) In addition to the interests identified in accordance with paragraphs (3) (a) and (b), if:

(a) the superannuation provider offers an income stream; and

(b) the rules of the fund do not allow the transfer of amounts between different categories of lump-sum amounts and amounts that form part of, or can be used to purchase, a superannuation income stream; and

(c) the rules of the fund (as in effect on 5 September 2006) did not allow a specified amount held in the plan:

(i) to form part of that superannuation income stream; or

(ii) to be used for the purpose of purchasing a superannuation income stream offered by the provider;

the superannuation interest is also to be treated as the further interests described in subregulation (5).

(5) For subregulation (4), the following separate interests are created:

(a) the amount transferred or rolled into the plan from another plan is to be treated as 1 superannuation interest;

(b) each other amount to which subregulation (4) relates is to be treated as 1 superannuation interest to the extent to which the amount is subject to different requirements regarding the rules, terms or conditions relating to the way it can be cashed or paid as compared to the amounts mentioned in paragraphs (3) (a) and (b);

(c) if:

(i) paragraph (b) applies to more than 1 amount; and

(ii) each of those amounts is subject to different requirements regarding the rules, terms or conditions relating to the way it can be cashed or paid as compared to the amount mentioned in paragraph (a);

each of those amounts is to be treated as a separate superannuation interest.

307-200.04 Meaning of superannuation interests - treating a superannuation interest as 2 or more superannuation interests (constitutionally protected funds)

(1) For subsection 307-200 (1) of the Act, this regulation explains how to treat a superannuation interest in a constitutionally protected fund as 2 or more superannuation interests.

(2) An interest is to be treated as more than 1 interest if:

(a) the superannuation provider offers an income stream; and

(b) the rules of the fund do not allow the transfer of amounts between different categories of lump-sum amounts and amounts that form part of, or can be used to purchase, a superannuation income stream; and

(c) the rules of the fund (as in effect on 5 September 2006) did not allow a specified amount held in the plan:

(i) to form part of that superannuation income stream; or

(ii) to be used for the purpose of purchasing a superannuation income stream offered by the provider.

(3) For subregulation (2), the interest is to be treated as more than 1 interest as follows:

(a) the amount transferred or rolled into the plan from another plan is to be treated as 1 superannuation interest;

(b) each other amount to which subregulation (2) relates is to be treated as 1 superannuation interest to the extent to which the amount is subject to different requirements regarding the rules, terms or conditions relating to the way it can be cashed or paid as compared to the amount mentioned in paragraph (a);

(c) if:

(i) paragraph (b) applies to more than 1 amount; and

(ii) each of those amounts is subject to different requirements regarding the rules, terms or conditions relating to the way it can be cashed or paid as compared to the amount mentioned in subregulation (2);

each of those amounts is to be treated as a separate superannuation interest.

307-200.05 Meaning of superannuation interests - treating a superannuation interest as 2 or more superannuation interests (superannuation income streams)

If a superannuation income stream commences, an amount that supports the superannuation income stream is always to be treated as a separate superannuation interest.

307-205.01 Value of superannuation interest for calculating pre-July 1983 amount formembers in the contributions and investment phase

(1) For paragraph 307-205 (a) of the Act, this regulation specifies methods for determining the value of a superannuation interest at a particular time for the purposes of calculating the pre-July 1983 amount of the crystallised segment of a tax-free component under section 307-225 of the Act.

Note Calculating the pre-July 1983 amount of the crystallised segment of the tax-free component will require the superannuation interest to be valued before 1 July 2007. This calculation will only be performed for a superannuation interest in the accumulation phase, and only for a superannuation interest in which part of the taxable component is comprised of an element taxed in the fund.

Defined benefit interest

(2) For a defined benefit interest, the method is as follows.

Step 1

1 Calculate the value of the retirement benefit that would have been payable if the member:

(a) had been eligible to retire immediately before 1 July 2007; and

(b) had elected to do so.

Note If a member is no longer in the employment which gave rise to the interest, but the interest is preserved in the scheme, retirement is taken to be the point at which the benefit is payable without penalty to the member.

2 If the retirement benefit depends upon the member’s age, service or salary, or upon the employer’s consent, the value is to be calculated on the assumption that:

(a) the member’s service was his or her actual service immediately before 1 July 2007; and

(b) the member’s age was the greater of:

(i) the minimum age at which a retirement benefit could be taken without requiring the employer’s consent; and

(ii) the member’s actual age immediately before 1 July 2007; and

(c) the member’s salary was his or her salary for superannuation purposes immediately before 1 July 2007; and

(d) the employer consents to the retirement.

3 If part or all of the retirement benefit can be paid as a superannuation income stream, then the value of that income stream is determined as the product of:

(a) the annual rate of the superannuation income stream that would have been paid had the maximum proportion of the benefit possible been taken as an income stream; and

(b) the applicable factor set out in clause 1 of Schedule 1B.

The total value of the retirement benefit is the sum of the value of the superannuation income stream so determined and any lump sum that would have been payable under the assumptions described above had the member taken the maximum possible proportion of his or her benefit as an income stream.

4 If the superannuation benefit can only be paid as a lump sum then the value of the retirement benefit is the amount of that lump sum.

Step 2

If a superannuation lump sum benefit, including a roll-over superannuation benefit, would have been payable had the member resigned, or withdrawn his or her benefit, immediately before 1 July 2007, calculate the amount of that benefit.

Step 3

1 The value of the superannuation interest is the greater of the values worked out using steps 1 and 2.

2 If no value can be determined under step 2, the value of the superannuation interest is the value determined under step 1.

Interest other than defined benefit interest

(3) For a superannuation interest that is not a defined benefit interest, the method is as follows.

Step 1

Assume that the member was eligible to retire immediately before 1 July 2007, and work out the total amount of all the superannuation lump sums that could be payable from the interest at that time.

Step 2

If the total amount worked out under step 1 is less than the total amount actually or notionally allocated to the member (other than because of superannuation contributions surcharge liabilities, insurance costs or other fees, taxes and charges), the value of the interest is the amount actually or notionally allocated to the member.

307-205.02 Value of superannuation interest

(1) For paragraph 307-205 (a) of the Act, this regulation:

(a) applies to a superannuation income stream (other than a superannuation income stream of a type prescribed by regulation 295-385.01); and

(b) specifies a method for determining the value of a superannuation interest at a particular time if the interest supports a superannuation income stream to which this regulation applies.

Note The proportioning rule requires the tax-free and taxable components of superannuation to be paid out as benefits in the same proportion as they make up of the underlying interest. A value of a superannuation interest is required to ensure that the proportioning rule operates appropriately.

(2) The value of the interest at a particular time is the sum of:

(a) the product of:

(i) the annual amount of the superannuation income stream payable in respect of the superannuation interest at that time; and

(ii) the applicable factor set out in clause 1 of Schedule 1B; and

(b) the product of:

(i) the nominal value of the superannuation lump sum, if any, which is payable in respect of the interest at a time in the future, other than a future lump sum which is a commutation of the income stream included in subparagraph (a) (i); and

(ii) the applicable factor set out in clause 2 of Schedule 1B.

[2]   Part 6, regulation 995-1.01, after definition of Act

insert

RSA Act means the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997.

RSA Regulations means the Retirement Savings Accounts Regulations 1997.

SIS Act means the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.

SIS Regulations means the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Regulations 1994.

superannuation annuity means:

(a) an income stream:

(i) that is issued by a life insurance company or registered organisation; and

(ii) that commenced before 20 September 2007; and

(iii) that is an annuity within the meaning of:

(A) subsection 10 (1) of the SIS Act; or

(B) subregulation 1.07 (1A) of the RSA Regulations; or

(b) an income stream that:

(i) is issued by a life insurance company or registered organisation; and

(ii) meets the standards set out in subregulation 1.05 (1) of the SIS Regulations.

superannuation income stream means:

(a) an income stream that is taken to be:

(i) an annuity for the purposes of the SIS Act in accordance with subregulation 1.05 (1) of the SIS Regulations; or

(ii) a pension for the purposes of the SIS Act in accordance with subregulation 1.06 (1) of the SIS Regulations; or

(iii) a pension for the purposes of the RSA Act in accordance with regulation 1.07 of the RSA Regulations; or

(b) an income stream that:

(i) is an annuity or pension within the meaning of the SIS Act; and

(ii) commenced before 20 September 2007.

superannuation income stream benefit means a payment from an interest that supports a superannuation income stream, other than a payment to which regulation 995-1.02 applies.

[3]   Part 6, after regulation 995-1.02

insert

995-1.03 Payments that are not superannuation income stream benefits

A payment from an interest that supports a superannuation income stream is not a superannuation income stream benefit if:

(a) the conditions to which the superannuation income stream is subject allow for the variation of the amount of the payments of benefit in a year in circumstances other than:

(i) the indexation of the benefit under the rules of the product; or

(ii) the application of the family law splitting provisions; or

(iii) the commutation of the benefit (including commutation to pay a surcharge liability); or

(iv) the payment of an assessment of excess contributions tax; and

(b) the person to whom the payment is made elects, before a particular payment is made, that that payment is not to be treated as a superannuation income stream benefit.

995-1.04 Constitutionally protected funds

For the definition of constitutionally protected fund in subsection 995-1 (1) of the Act, a fund:

(a) of the kind to which, in the absence of item 5.3 of section 50-25 of the Act, Division 295 of the Act would apply; and

(b) established by:

(i) a State Act mentioned in Schedule 4; or

(ii) a specified provision of a State Act mentioned in Schedule 4;

is a constitutionally protected fund.

[4]   After Schedule 1

insert

Schedule 1B Valuation factors

(regulations 307-205.01 and 307-205.02)

1 Income stream valuation factors

(1) For subregulation 307-205.01 (2), the applicable factor is the factor given in Table 1 at the age which is the greater of:

(a) the minimum age at which a retirement benefit can be taken without requiring the consent of the employer; and

(b) the member’s actual age as at his or her last birthday before 1 July 2007.

(2) For subregulation 307-205.02 (2), if the superannuation income stream in respect of the interest is payable for the life of the member, the applicable factor is the factor given in Table 1 for the age of the member at his or her last birthday before the day after the date on which the superannuation income stream is to be valued.

(3) For subregulation 307-205.02 (2), if the superannuation income stream in respect of the interest is payable for a fixed term, the applicable factor is the factor given in Table 2 for the number of complete years remaining in the term of the superannuation income stream on the day preceding the date on which the superannuation income stream is to be valued.

Table 1

Age

Factor

Age

Factor

Age

Factor

18

23.238

44

20.421

70

13.011

19

23.158

45

20.229

71

12.627

20

23.084

46

20.030

72

12.230

21

23.016

47

19.823

73

11.815

22

22.956

48

19.610

74

11.398

23

22.906

49

19.391

75

10.983

24

22.862

50

19.164

76

10.566

25

22.816

51

18.931

77

10.144

26

22.763

52

18.691

78

9.723

27

22.694

53

18.443

79

9.314

28

22.612

54

18.189

80

8.898

29

22.523

55

17.927

81

8.486

30

22.422

56

17.659

82

8.087

31

22.310

57

17.383

83

7.697

32

22.193

58

17.100

84

7.323

33

22.076

59

16.810

85

6.966

34

21.950

60

16.513

86

6.627

35

21.821

61

16.209

87

6.311

36

21.691

62

15.891

88

6.010

37

21.553

63

15.558

89

5.728

38

21.410

64

15.213

90

5.465

39

21.266

65

14.861

91

5.218

40

21.113

66

14.506

92

4.991

41

20.956

67

14.144

93

4.773

42

20.790

68

13.775

94

4.566

43

20.609

69

13.396

95

4.360

Table 2

Number of Years

Factor

Number of Years

Factor

0

0.000

16

11.963

1

0.981

17

12.495

2

1.925

18

13.007

3

2.834

19

13.499

4

3.709

20

13.973

5

4.550

21

14.430

6

5.360

22

14.869

7

6.140

23

15.291

8

6.891

24

15.698

9

7.613

25

16.090

10

8.308

26

16.466

11

8.977

27

16.829

12

9.621

28

17.178

13

10.241

29

17.514

14

10.837

30

17.837

15

11.411

   

2 Lump sum valuation factors

(1) For subregulation 307-205.02 (2), the applicable factor is the discount valuation factor mentioned in subclause (3) that applies for the minimum deferral period.

(2) For the purposes of this clause, the minimum deferral period in relation to a lump sum that is to be paid at a time after the date on which an interest is to be valued is the number of complete years between the day before the date on which the interest is to be valued and the earliest date at which the lump sum can be paid.

(3) This subclause sets out the discount valuation factors, in accordance with the following principles:

(a) the factors in column 2 of table 3 apply if the lump sum is not indexed;

(b) the factors in column 3 of table 3 apply if the lump sum is indexed in accordance with the consumer price index;

(c) the factors in column 4 of table 3 apply if the lump sum is indexed in accordance with a general wage index (for example, average weekly earnings, or average weekly ordinary time earnings, published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics);

(d) if the lump sum is indexed in accordance with a fund crediting rate, the factor is 1.

Table 3

Minimum deferral period

Lump sum not indexed

CPI indexed lump sum

Wage indexed lump sum

0

1.000

1.000

1.000

1

0.939

0.963

0.977

2

0.882

0.927

0.954

3

0.829

0.892

0.932

4

0.779

0.859

0.910

5

0.732

0.827

0.889

6

0.689

0.797

0.869

7

0.648

0.768

0.849

8

0.610

0.740

0.830

9

0.575

0.714

0.811

10

0.542

0.688

0.793

11

0.511

0.664

0.776

12

0.483

0.641

0.759

13

0.456

0.619

0.742

14

0.431

0.598

0.727

15

0.409

0.579

0.711

16

0.387

0.560

0.697

17

0.368

0.542

0.683

18

0.350

0.525

0.669

19

0.333

0.509

0.656

20

0.318

0.494

0.644

21

0.304

0.480

0.632

22

0.291

0.467

0.621

23

0.279

0.454

0.610

24

0.269

0.443

0.600

25

0.259

0.432

0.590

26

0.250

0.422

0.582

27

0.243

0.413

0.573

28

0.236

0.404

0.565

29

0.229

0.397

0.558

30

0.224

0.390

0.552

[5]   After Schedule 3

insert

Schedule 4 Constitutionally protected superannuation funds - State legislation

Item

Legislation

Part 1 New South Wales

101

Judges’ Pensions Act 1953

Part 2 Victoria

201

Attorney-General and Solicitor-General Act 1972

202

Coal Mines (Pensions) Act 1958

203

Constitution Act 1975

204

County Court Act 1958

205

County Court (Jurisdiction) Act 1968

206

Justices Act 1958

207

Magistrates Court Act 1989

208

Magistrates (Summary Proceedings) Act 1975

209

Mint Act 1958

210

Ombudsman Act 1973 (subsection 9 (2))

211

Public Prosecutions Act 1994

212

Supreme Court Act 1986

Part 3 Queensland

301

Governor’s Pension Act 1977

302

Judges (Pensions and Long Leave) Act 1957

Part 4 Western Australia

401

Government Employees Superannuation Act 1987

402

Judges’ Salaries and Pensions Act 1950

403

Parliamentary Superannuation Act 1970

404

State Superannuation Act 2000 (section 29)

405

Superannuation and Family Benefits Act 1938

Part 5 South Australia

501

Governors’ Pensions Act 1976

502

Judges’ Pensions Act 1971

503

Parliamentary Superannuation Act 1974

504

Police Superannuation Act 1990 (other than sections 47 and 47A)

505

Southern State Superannuation Act 1994 (other than sections 47B and 47C)

506

Superannuation Act 1988 (other than section 52 and Schedule 3)

Part 6 Tasmania

601

Governor of Tasmania Act 1982

602

Judges’ Contributory Pensions Act 1968

603

Public Servants’ Retiring and Death Allowances Act 1925

604

Solicitor-General Act 1983

Schedule 3   Further amendments commencing on 1 July 2007

[1]   Part 2, before Division 28

insert

Division 26 Some amounts you cannot deduct, or cannot deduct in full

26-85.01 Borrowing costs on loans to pay life insurance premiums - term insurance policy

The risk component of a premium received in respect of:

(a) a term insurance policy; or

(b) a rider or supplementary benefit attached to another policy where the sum insured is payable on death within a specified term;

is the whole of the premium.

[2]   Part 2, after Division 70

insert

Division 290 Contributions to superannuation funds

Subdivision 290-C Deducting personal contributions

290-170.01 Notice of intent to deduct contributions - contributions-splitting applications

For subparagraph 290-170 (2) (d) (i) of the Act, each of the following is a contributions-splitting application:

(a) an application under regulation 6.44 of the SIS Regulations;

(b) an application under regulation 4.41 of the RSA Regulations;

(c) an application to deal with an amount in a way that would result in the amount becoming a contributions-splitting superannuation benefit in accordance with the SIS Regulations or the RSA Regulations.

[3]   Part 2, after Division 292

insert

Division 295 Taxation of superannuation entities

Subdivision 295-D Contributions excluded

295-265.01 Application of pre-1 July 1988 funding credits - limit on choice

(1) For paragraph 295-265 (7) (a) of the Act, this regulation prescribes the manner in which a superannuation provider in relation to a superannuation fund is to work out the amount applicable to the fund, under subsection 295-265 (6) of the Act, for an income year where the superannuation provider chooses, after 9 May 2006, to specify an amount for the purposes of subsection 295-265 (1) of the Act.

Method 1 - Funding credit valuation process

(2) Method 1 must be used for an income year, unless:

(a) the conditions mentioned in subregulation (7) for the use of method 2 are met; and

(b) the actuary decides that the use of method 2 is appropriate.

(3) The amount applicable to the fund for an income year is the least of the following amounts:

(a) the amount of pre-1 July 1988 funding credits unused at the end of the previous income year;

(b) the value of unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities at the first day of the income year, determined by an actuary in accordance with step 3 of method 1 or method 2;

(c) the pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions for the income year, worked out in accordance with step 4 of method 1 or method 2;

(d) for an income year that ended before 9 May 2006 - the amount that the superannuation provider could specify under subsection 295-265 (1) of the Act under the legislation that applied to the income year.

(4) The amount identified in accordance with subregulation (3) must then be adjusted for all transfers of funding credits and relevant liabilities into or out of the fund.

(5) The procedure in method 1 for determining an amount applicable to a fund is referred to in this regulation as a funding credit valuation process .

(6) The amounts mentioned in paragraphs (3) (a), (b), (c) and (d), and the amount as adjusted under subregulation (4), must be certified by an actuary.

Method 2 - Notionally updated funding credit valuation process

(7) The actuary may use method 2 for an income year if:

(a) the actuary can identify, at the start of the income year, that the value of unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities exceeds the amount that the superannuation provider wishes to specify for subsection 295-265 (1) of the Act; and

(b) the income year is the first year after, or the second year after, an income year for which method 1 was used to calculate the amount applicable to the fund.

(8) The procedure in method 2 for calculating an amount applicable to a fund is referred to in this regulation as a notionally updated funding credit valuation process .

Method 1 Funding credit valuation process

Step 1

(value liabilities)

1.1 For any income year in which funding credits are claimed, calculate the discounted present value of liabilities as at the first day of that income year that relates to membership completed.

 

1.2 The basis for the calculations in item 1.1 must be the actuarial valuation basis relevant to the income year in question which the superannuation fund’s actuary would consider appropriate for a valuation under Part 9 of the SIS Regulations.

 

1.3 In making the calculation in item 1.1 exclude the following liabilities that are not provided from taxable contributions:

(a) liabilities representing benefits financed by undeducted contributions;

(b) liabilities representing benefits or components that are expected to be treated as paid from an untaxed source;

Example

Pensions provided on an emerging cost or pay as you go basis, with corresponding elections being made under subsection 295-180 (1) of the Act.

(c) liabilities for entitlements relating to membership and for which corresponding assets can be identified;

Example

Fully funded productivity, superannuation guarantee or salary sacrifice account balances.

(d) liabilities representing death and disability benefits for which costs are claimed as deductible under section 295-465 or 295-470 of the Act.

 

1.4 Apportion the discounted present value of the liabilities, between:

(a) the period of superannuation fund membership completed before 1 July 1988; and

 

(b) the period of superannuation fund membership completed on and after 1 July 1988;

for each superannuation fund member or former member for whom a liability is being valued.

 

1.5 The apportionment in item 1.4 must be made having regard to the following requirements and principles:

(a) superannuation fund membership must be consistent with the definition used by the fund to determine the benefit being valued;

(b) the actuary of the superannuation fund may use an alternative method for apportioning the discounted present value of liabilities only if the actuary certifies that the method will provide a reasonable approximation of the apportionment;

(c) the actuary will generally use a linear apportionment method, but may use an apportionment method that reflects non-linear accrual of entitlements, provided the actuary considers that such an approach achieves an outcome that is consistent with the principle that funding credits can only be used against contributions intended to provide for entitlements relating to membership completed before 1 July 1988.

 

1.6 The actuary must retain documentation of the liability and valuation apportionment calculations for not less than 5 years.

 

1.7 The discounted present value of liabilities for all members apportioned to pre-1 July 1988 membership is the value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities .

Step 2

(apportion assets)

2.1 Calculate the total amount of superannuation fund assets at their market value at the start of the income year, on the basis on which the superannuation fund’s actuary would consider appropriate for a valuation under Part 9 of the SIS Regulations.

 

2.2 Allow deductions for realisation costs and charges incurred in the normal course of operation of the superannuation fund.

 

2.3 Deduct the amount of assets that relate to excluded liabilities mentioned in item 1.3 of step 1 of this method.

 

2.4 All remaining assets should be treated as available to provide for the value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities unless the superannuation provider can provide the actuary with written evidence to support exclusion of both an amount of assets and a corresponding value of liabilities.

 

2.5 The actuary must retain documentation to support calculations made for the asset apportionment for not less than 5 years.

 

2.6 The result is the assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for the income year.

Step 3

(unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities)

3.1 Deduct the assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities from the value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities.

3.2 The result is the value of unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities .

Step 4

(pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions)

4.1 The superannuation provider must notify to the actuary the amount of taxable contributions that are used to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for the income year.

4.2 The superannuation provider must retain documentation to support calculations of pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions for not less than 5 years.

4.3 The result is the pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions .

Method 2 Notionally updated funding credit valuation process

Step 1

(notionally update value of liabilities)

1.1 The actuary must notionally adjust the value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities from the start of the previous year to the start of the current income year, taking into account any factors likely to affect the value of the pre-1 July 1988 liabilities.

 

1.2 In making a calculation under item 1.1 the actuary must have regard to the valuation basis that would be used by the fund if method 1 were being used.

 

1.3 In making a calculation under item 1.1 the actuary must have regard to actual experience gained from the operation of the fund if the experience is materially different from valuation assumptions used in the calculation of the previous pre-1 July 1988 liabilities.

 

1.4 The actuary must retain documentation of the notional updating of the pre-1 July 1988 liability valuation calculations for not less than 5 years.

 

1.5 The result is the notionally updated value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for the income year.

Step 2

(notionally update apportionment of assets)

2.1 The actuary must notionally adjust the amount of the assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities, from the start of the previous year to the start of the current income year, taking into account any factors likely to affect the amount of the assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities.

 

2.2 Add taxable contributions allocated to fund pre-1 July 1988 taxed liabilities in the previous income year.

 

2.3 Deduct the employer financed component of pre-1 July 1988 taxed benefits paid out during the previous income year.

 

2.4 Add actual investment earnings net of the tax and expenses relating to investment income for the previous income year using a basis that is consistent with the underlying investment earnings achieved and normal practices of the superannuation fund.

 

2.5 The actuary must retain documentation to support notional updating of the amount of assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for not less than 5 years.

 

2.6 The result is the notionally updated amount of assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities .

Step 3

(unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities)

3.1 Deduct the notionally updated amount of assets available to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities from the notionally updated value of pre-1 July 1988 liabilities.

3.2 The result is the value of unfunded pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for the income year.

Step 4

(pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions)

4.1 The superannuation provider must notify to the actuary the amount of taxable contributions that are allocated to fund pre-1 July 1988 liabilities for the income year.

4.2 The superannuation provider must retain documentation to support calculations of pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions for not less than 5 years.

4.3 The result is the pre-1 July 1988 taxable contributions .

(9) If an actuary certifies an amount under subregulation (6) the actuary must, if requested by a superannuation provider, provide sufficient information to enable another actuary to check the certification.

(10) An actuary must, in making a calculation under or applying method 1 or 2:

(a) follow any professional standards prepared by the Institute of Actuaries of Australia; and

(b) have regard to any professional guidance notes prepared by the Institute of Actuaries of Australia;

that relate to the determination of accrued benefits mentioned in method 1 or 2.

(11) A superannuation provider must, if requested to do so, provide sufficient information to support a funding credit claim under subsection 295-265 (1) of the Act, including any relevant information that relates to an income year for which a claim was not made.

(12) In this regulation:

method 1 means the method described in the table, Method 1 - Funding credit valuation process.

method 2 means the method described in the table, Method 2 - Notionally updated funding credit valuation process.

Note actuary is defined in section 995-1 of the Act.

Subdivision 295-F Exempt income

295-385.01 Segregated current pension assets - prescribed superannuation income stream benefits

For section 295-385 of the Act, the following superannuation income stream benefits are prescribed:

(a) an allocated pension within the meaning of the SIS Regulations;

(b) a market linked pension within the meaning of the SIS Regulations;

(c) an account-based pension within the meaning of the SIS Regulations.

Note This regulation is also mentioned in regulation 307-205.02 to identify superannuation income stream benefits to which the method set out in that regulation does not apply.

Division 301 Superannuation member benefits paid from complying plans etc

Subdivision 301 - D Departing Australia superannuation payments

301-170.01 Departing Australia superannuation payments

For subparagraph (b) (i) of the definition of departing Australia superannuation payment in section 301-170 of the Act, the following regulations are prescribed:

(a) regulations 6.20A, 6.20B and 6.24A of the SIS Regulations;

(b) regulation 4.23A of the RSA Regulations.

Subdivision 301-E Superannuation lump sum member benefits less than $200

301-225.01 Superannuation lump sum member benefits less than $200 are tax free

(1) For paragraph 301-225 (d) of the Act, this regulation sets out requirements in relation to a superannuation member benefit.

Note The effect of section 301-225 of the Act is that a superannuation member benefit is not assessable income and is not exempt income in specified circumstances. One of the circumstances is that the requirements (if any) specified in the Regulations in relation to the benefit are satisfied.

(2) A requirement is that the member’s benefit must be released under:

(a) item 104 or 109B of Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the SIS Regulations; or

(b) item 211 of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the SIS Regulations.

Division 302 Superannuation death benefits paid from complying plans etc

Subdivision 302-D Definitions relating to dependants

302-200.01 What is an interdependency relationship - matters to be taken into account

(1) For paragraph 302-200 (3) (a) of the Act, this regulation sets out matters that are to be taken into account in determining whether 2 persons have an interdependency relationship.

(2) The matters are:

(a) all of the circumstances of the relationship between the persons, including (where relevant):

(i) the duration of the relationship; and

(ii) whether or not a sexual relationship exists; and

(iii) the ownership, use and acquisition of property; and

(iv) the degree of mutual commitment to a shared life; and

(v) the care and support of children; and

(vi) the reputation and public aspects of the relationship; and

(vii) the degree of emotional support; and

(viii) the extent to which the relationship is one of mere convenience; and

(ix) any evidence suggesting that the parties intend the relationship to be permanent; and

(b) the existence of a statutory declaration signed by 1 of the persons to the effect that the person is, or (in the case of a statutory declaration made after the end of the relationship) was, in an interdependency relationship with the other person.

302-200.02 What is an interdependency relationship - existence of relationship

(1) For paragraph 302-200 (3) (b) of the Act, this regulation sets out circumstances in which 2 persons have, or do not have, an interdependency relationship under section 302-200 of the Act.

Interdependency relationship

(2) 2 persons have an interdependency relationship if:

(a) they satisfy the requirements of paragraphs 302-200 (1) (a) to (c) of the Act; and

(b) 1 or each of them provides the other with support and care of a type and quality normally provided in a close personal relationship, rather than by a mere friend or flatmate.

Examples of care normally provided in a close personal relationship rather than by a friend or flatmate

1. Significant care provided for the other person when he or she is unwell.

2. Significant care provided for the other person when he or she is suffering emotionally.

(3) 2 persons have an interdependency relationship if:

(a) they have a close personal relationship; and

(b) they do not satisfy the other requirements set out in subsection 302-200 (1) of the Act; and

(c) the reason they do not satisfy the other requirements is that they are temporarily living apart.

Example for paragraph (3) (c)

One of the persons is temporarily working overseas or is in gaol.

(4) 2 persons have an interdependency relationship if:

(a) they have a close personal relationship; and

(b) they do not satisfy the other requirements set out in subsection 302-200 (1) of the Act; and

(c) the reason they do not satisfy the other requirements is that either or both of them suffer from a disability.

No interdependency relationship

(5) 2 persons do not have an interdependency relationship if 1 of them provides domestic support and personal care to the other:

(a) under an employment contract or a contract for services; or

(b) on behalf of another person or organisation such as a government agency, a body corporate or a benevolent or charitable organisation.