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Non-concessional contributions cap

Keep track of your non-concessional (after-tax) contributions, which are not taxed unless you exceed the cap.

Last updated 1 August 2023

About the non-concessional contributions cap

The non-concessional contributions cap is the maximum amount of after-tax contributions you can contribute to your super each year without contributions being subject to extra tax.

From 1 July 2021, the non-concessional contributions cap is $110,000. This is now reviewed annually to remain in line with average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE). If you contribute more, you may have to pay extra tax.

Non-concessional contributions caps from 2013–14 onwards

Financial year

Non-concessional cap

2023–24

$110,000

2022–23

$110,000

2021–22

$110,000

2020–21

$100,000

2019–20

$100,000

2018–19

$100,000

2017–18

$100,000

2016–17

$180,000

2015–16

$180,000

2014–15

$180,000

2013–14

$150,000

If you make contributions above the annual non-concessional contributions cap you may be eligible to automatically access future year caps. This is known as the bring-forward arrangement. It allows you to make extra non-concessional contributions without having to pay extra tax, if you meet certain eligibility conditions.

If your total super balance is equal to or more than the general transfer balance cap ($1.7 million from 2021–22, $1.9 million from 2023–24) at the end of the previous financial year, your non-concessional contributions cap is nil ($0) for the current financial year.

Keeping track of your non-concessional contributions

You can keep track of your non-concessional contributions by using ATO online services. Select Super then Information then Non-concessional contributions.

Understand your contributions cap and the transactions that affect it

  • Be aware of your non-concessional contributions cap, including your eligibility for the bring-forward arrangement.
  • Be aware of your total super balance.
  • Keep track of the amount of non-concessional contributions you, your employer, or others make on your behalf.
  • If you have more than one job, or pay money into more than one super fund, include all your contributions when working out your annual contributions. The total of all non-concessional contributions made to all your funds during a financial year count towards your non-concessional contributions cap.
  • If you go over the concessional contributions cap, your excess concessional contributions will count towards your non-concessional contributions cap unless you release them from your super fund.
  • Any amount you withdraw and re-contribute to your super fund is counted as a new non-concessional contribution, unless you have claimed and been allowed a deduction for this amount or it is a re-contribution of COVID-19 early release superannuation amount.
  • You are only eligible to bring-forward the next 2 years of contributions if you are under 75 years (67 years for 2021-22, 65 years for 2020–21 and prior years) on 1 July of the first financial year in which your total super balance on 30 June of the previous financial year was less than $1.48 million (from 1 July 2021, and $1.68 million from 1 July 2023).

Be aware of the timing of contributions

  • Keep track of your non-concessional contributions and when they were received by your super fund. Contributions count towards a cap in the year your super fund receives them.
  • Make sure your fund receives all your contributions by 30 June, if that is what you intend.
  • If someone else (such as a financial planner, accountant or employer) makes contributions on your behalf, check that they make the contributions in time to be received in your fund by the end of the financial year if that is what you intend.
  • If you make contributions by BPAY®, internet transfer or similar at the end of the financial year, check the terms and conditions of your financial institution and allow for any possible delays.
  • Check if your contributions are held in another account or by another institution before they are received by your fund, as this can cause delays.

Bring-forward arrangement

Your non-concessional contributions cap can be changed if you're eligible for the bring-forward arrangement.

This allows you to bring forward the equivalent of 1 or 2 years of your annual cap from future years. This means you can make contributions up to 2 or 3 times the annual cap amount in the first year of the bring-forward period. Any amount of the bring-forward cap that's unused in the first year can be used in the remaining 1 or 2 years.

Eligibility for the bring-forward arrangement depends on your age and your total super balance. Apart from these criteria, there are age-related and other restrictions on the types of non-concessional contributions your fund may be able to accept.

Age eligibility

For the 2022–23 and later financial years

If you're under 75 years of age at any time in a financial year, you're eligible to use the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year, subject to the age-related and other restrictions on the types of non-concessional contributions your fund may be able to accept.

If you're 75 years or older at any time in a financial year, you're not eligible to use the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year.

For the 2020-21 and 2021-22 financial years

If you were under 67 years of age at any time in a financial year, you were eligible to use the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year.

If you were 67 years or older at any time in a financial year, you were not eligible to access the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year.

For the 2008–09 to 2019–20 financial years

If you were under 65 years of age at any time in a financial year, you were eligible to use the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year.

If you are 65 years or older at any time in a financial year, you were not eligible to use the bring-forward arrangement in that financial year.

Total super balance determines bring-forward cap

The amount of the non-concessional contributions cap you can bring forward depends on your total super balance (TSB):

  • If your TSB on 30 June of the previous financial year was less than $1.68 million – you can contribute 3 times the annual non-concessional contributions cap over 3 years (that is, $330,000). That is, in the 2023–24 financial year, if your TSB on 30 June 2023 was less than $1.68 million, you can contribute 3 times the annual non-concessional contributions cap over 3 years (that is, $330,000).
  • If your TSB on 30 June of the previous financial year was $1.68 million or above but less than $1.79 million – you can contribute 2 times the annual cap over 2 years (that is, $220,000).
  • If your TSB on 30 June of the previous financial year was $1.79 million or above – you can't bring forward any amount, but you can make a current year contribution of up to $110,000.

These limits are based on the non-concessional contributions cap being $110,000 and the general transfer balance cap being $1.9 million.

Once you trigger the bring-forward arrangement:

  • any change to the non-concessional contributions cap for the bring-forward period doesn’t apply to you. The bring-forward cap amount is based on the cap in the first year of the period.
    • For example, if the non-concessional contributions cap in the second and third year of a bring-forward period changed to $120,000 due to indexation, your non-concessional cap will still be $330,000 ($110,000 × 3 years) and not $350,000 ($110,000 + $120,000 + $120,000).
     
  • your non-concessional contributions over the next 1 or 2 years cannot be more than the sum of your increased bring-forward non-concessional contributions cap amount minus the non-concessional contributions made in the year the bring-forward was triggered.
    • For example, if you used your total increased bring-forward cap in the first year, you would have a nil cap for the next 2 years.
    • For 2017–18 onwards, the remaining cap amount for the second or third year of a bring-forward arrangement is reduced to nil for a financial year if your total super balance is greater than or equal to the general transfer balance cap at the end of 30 June of the previous financial year.
     

Note: To make sure you don't accidentally trigger the bring-forward arrangement, you will need to take into account all your non-concessional contributions made to all your super funds. Unreleased excess concessional contributions also count towards the non-concessional contributions cap.

The following tables summarise the bring-forward caps that apply in the first year of the bring forward period depending on the total super balance.

Bring-forward cap first year (applying to 2023–24 and later years)

Total super balance on 30 June of previous year

Non-concessional contributions cap for the first year

Bring-forward period

Less than $1.68 million

$330,000

3 years

$1.68 million to less than $1.79 million

$220,000

2 years

$1.79 million to less than $1.9 million

$110,000

No bring-forward period, general non-concessional contributions cap applies

$1.9 million or more

nil

Not applicable

Bring-forward cap first year (applying to 2021–22 and later years)

Total super balance on 30 June of previous year

Non-concessional contributions cap for the first year

Bring-forward period

Less than $1.48 million

$330,000

3 years

$1.48 million to less than $1.59 million

$220,000

2 years

$1.59 million to less than $1.7 million

$110,000

No bring-forward period, general non-concessional contributions cap applies

$1.7 million or more

nil

Not applicable

How to view your bring-forward arrangement

If you are considering making a large contribution, you should first check your ATO online services account to see if you've already triggered a bring-forward arrangement.

Log in to ATO online services, select Super, then Information, then Bring-forward arrangement.

Be aware that the latest information may not be available in ATO online services due to the reporting timeframes of funds, especially SMSFs. You can check with your super fund to get the most up to date information.

Transitional period

If you triggered the bring-forward arrangement in 2015–16 or 2016–17, but you did not fully use your remaining bring-forward balance before 1 July 2017, transitional arrangements apply. This means that the maximum bring-forward amount available to you reflects the reduced annual non-concessional contributions caps.

If the bring-forward arrangement was triggered in:

  • 2015–16, the transitional cap was $460,000 ($180,000 for 2015–16, $180,000 for 2016–17 and $100,000 for 2017–18).
  • 2016–17, the transitional cap was $380,000 ($180,000 for 2016–17 and $100,000 for 2017–18 and $100,000 for 2018–19).

For 2017–18 and 2018–19, the remaining cap amount for the second and third years of a bring-forward arrangement was reduced to nil for a financial year if your total super balance was equal to or more than the general transfer balance cap on 30 June of the previous financial year.

Transitional contributions cap limits for 2014–15 to 2018–19

3-year bring-forward cap amounts

2014–15 to 2016–17

2015–16 to 2017–18

2016–17 to 2018–19

Range

$0 to $540,000

$0 to $460,000

$0 to $380,000

If, before 1 July 2017, you made non-concessional contributions of more than the transitional cap but less than $540,000, you will not have exceeded your non-concessional bring-forward cap. However, you couldn't have contributed any further non-concessional contributions under the bring-forward arrangement in remaining years.

If, after 1 July 2017, you made non-concessional contributions that are more than your transitional cap, you will have exceeded your non-concessional contributions bring-forward cap.

If you exceed your non-concessional contributions cap

If you exceed your non-concessional contributions cap:

  • we will send you a determination explaining your options
  • you must lodge a tax return for that year. If you can't lodge your tax return by the due date, and you don't want us to issue a determination before you lodge, you'll need to request a lodgment deferral
  • we will issue your super fund with an authority to release funds depending on the option you have chosen
  • you may need to pay extra tax.

We determine if you exceeded your non-concessional contributions cap based on information reported by your super fund(s) and in your tax return (if you lodged it) and your age.

You should not apply to your super fund to release money because you exceeded your cap. Wait until we have sent you your determination letter and you have selected your option for how the excess will be treated. We will then send your fund a release authority.

Your options if you exceed the cap

You have 60 days to choose one of the 2 options for paying your tax when you receive our determination letter.

You cannot change your election decision once you make it.

If you believe the excess non-concessional contributions determination is wrong, see Getting advice or correcting a mistake if you think we got it wrong.

You can choose your preferred option and nominate which super funds you want to release the money either:

You should check if we have already started or completed the release process before lodging an election. You can check your election history using ATO online services (select Super, then Non-concessional election - Election History).

Option 1 – release the excess from your super funds

You can release all your excess non-concessional contributions plus 85% of your associated earnings from your super funds.

If you do, we will amend your income tax assessment to include:

  • your associated earnings in your taxable income
  • a non-refundable tax offset of 15% of the associated earnings.

We will:

  • ask your super fund to release excess amounts and associated earnings to us within 10 business days
  • amend your income tax assessment and issue an amended notice of assessment
  • use the released amount to pay your tax and any other Australian Government debts owing
  • refund the balance to you.

If a fund is not able to release all or part of the elected amount, we will let you know. You will have another 60 days to choose another fund.

If your only super interest is in a defined benefit fund that cannot release the amount, you can lodge an election for option 2.

We will then:

  • send you an ENCC tax assessment, with the excess non-concessional contributions taxed at the highest marginal tax rate plus Medicare Levy
  • issue your super fund with a release authority to pay the ENCC tax liability amount to us within 10 business days. If your fund is unable to release some or all the amount you will need to pay the liability from your own sources
  • amend your income tax assessment to remove or reduce the associated earnings.

If you have no money left in super (including income streams or defined benefit interests) we will:

  • send you a letter telling you that you don't need to release any amount
  • still include the associated earnings in your income tax assessment.

Associated earnings

Associated earnings are an approximate amount earned from excess contributions while they were in your super fund.

We calculate associated earnings using 3 elements:

  • your excess non-concessional contributions (ENCC)
  • the associated earnings rate – the average of the general interest charge rates for the 4 quarters of the financial year in which you made ENCC. This proxy rate may be more or less than the earnings rate applied by your super fund
  • the associated earnings period – from 1 July of the financial year in which you made the ENCCs through to the date of the original ENCC determination letter.

We apply the associated earnings rate to the ENCC amount on a daily compounding basis for the length of the associated earnings period.

We do not have discretion to change the associated earnings rate or period.

Option 2 – do not release the excess amount, and pay excess non-concessional contributions tax

If you elect to leave the ENCC in your super fund, you will receive an ENCC tax assessment. The excess amount is taxed at the highest marginal tax rate plus Medicare levy.

ENCC tax rate

Financial year

ENCC tax rate

2022–23

47.0%

2021–22

47.0%

2020–21

47.0%

2019–20

47.0%

2018–19

47.0%

We will:

  • send you an ENCC tax assessment
  • issue your super fund with a release authority to pay the ENCC tax liability amount to us within 10 business days.

If your only fund is a defined benefit fund which is unable or unwilling to release this amount, you will need to pay us the amount yourself.

If you don't make an election request within 60 days of receiving your ENCC determination

If we don't receive your election , we will apply option 1.

However, if your only super interest is in a defined benefits fund, we will apply option 2.

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