Employees guide for work expenses

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What this Guide is about

Relying on the Employees guide for work expenses

We are committed to providing you with accurate, consistent and clear information to help you understand your rights and entitlements and your obligations.

If you follow our information and it turns out to be incorrect, or it is misleading and you make a mistake as a result, we will take that into account when determining what action, if any, we should take.

Some of the information on this website applies to a specific financial year. This is clearly marked. Make sure you have the information for the right year before making decisions based on that information.

This Employees guide for work expenses will help you as an employee to decide whether your expenses are deductible and what records you need to keep to substantiate them.

Not all expenses associated with your employment are deductible. This Guide explains:

how to determine if an expense is deductible against your employment income
how to apportion your expenses if they are only partly deductible
how to work out whether you can claim a deduction in the year you incurred the expense or whether you need to claim a deduction for a decline in value over a number of years
what records you need to keep.

The examples used throughout this Guide assume that the people in them are employees and not in business.

What's new in the 2022–23 income year

From 1 July 2022, you only have the option of using the revised fixed-rate method or the actual cost method for calculating the additional running expenses you incur as a result of working from home. The temporary shortcut method is no longer available.
Section 82A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (ITAA 1936) has been repealed. If you are claiming a deduction for self-education expenses in the 2022–23 or later income years, you don't need to reduce your allowable expenses by $250.

More detail on changes we have made can be found at the end of each Part of this Guide.

See more:

Working from home expenses
Practical Compliance Guideline PCG 2023/1 Claiming a deduction for additional running expenses incurred while working from home – ATO compliance approach
Self-education and study
Self-education reduction in expenses

Common myths about work expense deductions

There are many myths about deductions that may lead you to make an incorrect claim. Here are some of the most common.

Myth: Everyone can automatically claim $150 for clothing and laundry expenses , 5000 km under the cents per kilometre method for car expenses or $300 for work-related expenses, even if they didn't spend the money.
Fact: There is no such thing as an 'automatic' or 'standard deduction'. Substantiation exceptions provide relief from the need to keep receipts in certain circumstances. While you don't need receipts for claims under $300 for work-related expenses, $150 for laundry expenses ( note: this is for laundry expenses only and doesn't include clothing expenses) or if you are claiming 5,000 km or less for car expenses under the cents per kilometre method:

you must have spent the money
it must be related to earning your income, and
you must be able to explain how you calculated your claim.

See more:

Laundry expenses
Car expenses
Substantiation requirements
Exceptions and relief from substantiation requirements

Myth: I don't need a receipt; I can just use my bank or credit card statement.
Fact: To claim a tax deduction, you need to be able to show that you spent the money, what you spent it on, who the supplier was and when you paid. Bank or credit card statements alone don't have this information. The only time you don't need these details is if substantiation exceptions apply.
See more:

Substantiation requirements

Myth: I can claim makeup that contains sunscreen if I work outside.
Fact: Cosmetics are usually a private expense and the addition of sun protection doesn't make it deductible. However, it may be deductible if the primary purpose of the product is sunscreen (that is, it has a high SPF rating), the cosmetic component is incidental, and you need to work outdoors in the sun.
See more:


Myth: I can claim my gym membership because I need to be fit for work.
Fact: Very few people can claim gym membership fees. To be eligible, your job would have to depend on you maintaining a very high level of fitness, for which you are regularly tested, for example special operations personnel in the Australian Defence Force.
See more:

Gym fees and fitness-related expenses

Myth: I can claim all my travel expenses if I add a conference or a few days' work to my holiday.
Fact: If you decide to add a conference or some work to your holiday, or a holiday to your work trip, you must apportion the travel expenses between the private and work-related components and only claim the work-related component.
See more:

Conferences, seminars and training courses
Overnight travel expenses

Myth: I can claim my work clothes because my boss told me to wear a certain colour.
Fact: Unless your clothing is a uniform that is unique and distinct to your employer, or protective or occupation-specific clothing you are required to wear to earn your income, you won't be able to claim it. Plain clothes, like black pants, aren't deductible even if your employer told you to wear them.
See more:

Clothing expenses

Myth: I can claim my pay television subscription because I need to keep up to date for work.
Fact: A subscription to pay television is not ordinarily deductible. Keeping up to date on news, current affairs and other general matters usually won't have a sufficiently close connection with your employment activities to provide a basis for deducting these subscriptions. They are essentially private expenses.
See more:

Pay television and streaming services

Myth: I can claim home to work travel because I need to get to work to earn my income.
Fact: For most of us, home to work travel is a private expense.
See more:

Transport expenses

Myth: I've got a capped phone and internet plan, so I can claim both business and private phone calls and internet usage.
Fact: Unless you only use your phone and internet for work, you have to apportion the cost between work-related and private usage and only claim the work-related portion of your expenses.
See more:

Phones and other telecommunication devices
Internet expenses


Employees guide for work expenses
  Date: Version:
  1 July 2018 Original document
  6 August 2020 Updated document
  23 February 2021 Updated document
  29 June 2022 Updated document
You are here 6 September 2023 Current document

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