Taxation Ruling

TR 2000/18C1

Income tax: depreciation effective life

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FOI status:

may be releasedFOI number: I 1021989

Contents Para
What this Ruling is about
Previous Rulings
Determinations
Explanations
Detailed contents list
Table A
Table B
Table C
Table D
Table E
Table F

Preamble

This document does not rule on the application of a 'tax law' (as defined) and is, therefore, not a 'public ruling' for the purposes of Part IVAAA of the Taxation Administration Act 1953 . The document is, however, administratively binding on the Commissioner of Taxation. Taxation Rulings TR 92/1 and TR 97/16 together explain when a Ruling is a 'public ruling' and how it is binding on the Commissioner.

What this Ruling is about

1. This Ruling discusses the methodology used by the Commissioner of Taxation in making determinations of the effective life of:

·
plant under section 42-110 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 ('the Act'); and
·
horticultural plants under section 387-177 of the Act.

2. The effective lives specified by the Commissioner determine the rate at which deductions are calculated under the depreciation and horticultural plants write-off provisions.

3. The Commissioner has made written determinations pursuant to sections 42-110 and 387-177 of the Act which come into effect on 1 January 2001. The effective lives specified by the Commissioner in those determinations are reproduced in Tables A and B of the attached schedule.

4. The new determinations will apply to you if you choose to use the Commissioner's determinations of effective life to work out the amount of your deduction. If you do not use the Commissioner's determinations you must make your own estimate of effective life (see sections 42-100 and 387-175 of the Act). The explanation of the Commissioner's methodology may assist taxpayers who choose to make their own estimate of effective life.

Previous Rulings

5. Taxation Ruling IT 2685 is withdrawn as of 1 January 2001.

Determinations

6. The Commissioner's determination of the effective life of plant set out in the schedule to Taxation Ruling IT 2685 cease to be in force from 1 January 2001. If you are already deducting an amount of depreciation for plant based on the effective life specified in the schedule to Taxation Ruling IT 2685, you continue to use that effective life as the basis for your deduction.

7. The date a determination comes into force is set out in column 4 of Tables A and B.

8. The Government has released a New Business Tax System (Capital Allowances) Bill 2000 as an exposure draft. This draft legislation will, among other things, provide greater certainty for taxpayers ulitising the Commissioner's effective life schedule.

Acquisitions of plant pre 21 September 1999

9. The draft legislation will ensure that if the accelerated rates of depreciation set out in section 42-125 apply because you satisfy the provisions of section 42-118, you may use the effective life for the plant set out in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 regardless of when you first use it or have it installed ready for use.

Acquisitions of plant post 21 September 1999

10. This draft legislation will also ensure that if you start to use plant or have it installed ready for use within three years of the time (the relevant time):

·
you entered into the contract to acquire it,
·
you started to construct it, or
·
you otherwise acquired it,

then the determination that will apply is the one that was in force at the relevant time.

11. It also means that if you do not start to use plant or have it installed ready for use within the required three year period as set out in paragraph 10, then the determination that will apply is the one that is in force at the date you first use it or have it installed ready for use.

Explanations

Context of Commissioner's review

12. The Commissioner advised the Review of Business Taxation chaired by John Ralph AO that the ATO would progressively update and expand the effective life schedule attached to Taxation Ruling IT 2685 to ensure it is as representative as possible. This work will take some time to complete.

13. The Commissioner's new determinations represent the first part of the review. The schedule of effective lives attached to Taxation Ruling IT 2685 has been improved by:

·
restructuring it;
·
removing duplicate, inappropriate and redundant items;
·
reviewing, and, where appropriate, updating the effective lives of a limited range of assets; and
·
including new assets.

14. As the initial focus has been on structural changes, there has been a limited review of the effective lives contained in Taxation Ruling IT 2685. Most have been repeated in Tables A and B , although we have eliminated the earlier practice of rounding lives to whole years. We will continue to review the repeated items as part of the ongoing work on the update.

15. The review is based on extensive enquiries made by the Australian Taxation Office ('ATO') and the Australian Valuation Office ('AVO') and, in some instances, on reports prepared by independent consultants.

16. Taxation Ruling IT 2685 applied only to units of plant. Table A of the schedule attached to this Ruling contains the first determinations of effective life for horticultural plants. We explain these later.

Basic Principles of Depreciation

17. From an economic point of view, business income arises from two sources:

·
net annual flows from business activities associated with the use of business assets and liabilities; and
·
the change in the market value of those business assets and liabilities.

18. Subject to tax timing rules for income recognition, increases in the market value of assets and decreases in the market value of liabilities add to business income while decreases in the market value of assets and increases in the market value of liabilities reduce business income.

19. The current taxation system, through the application of the depreciation provisions for example, already recognises the change in market value in working out taxable income. In particular, recognising that the loss of market value in most depreciable assets cannot be directly measured, it allows the write off of plant to be based on an estimate of effective life.

20. Effective life of plant has the meaning given by Subdivision 42-C of the Act. Section 42-105 sets out how you work out the effective life of plant yourself. It is the estimated period plant can be used by any entity for income producing purposes, assuming the plant will be:

·
subject to wear and tear at a rate that is reasonable for you to expect when you are working it out having regard to the expected circumstances of your use; and
·
maintained in reasonably good order and condition.

21. However, if you conclude that you would be likely to scrap the plant, sell it for scrap or abandon it before the end of the period worked out in paragraph 20, then the effective life will end at the earlier time (subsection 42-105(3)).

22. The deductions based on effective life are intended to reflect an appropriate allowance for the diminution of economic value of an asset over its period of use.

23. Where the estimate is incorrect, the balancing adjustment provisions ensure, in those cases where depreciable assets are disposed of, that the actual loss in value over the period of use is allowed as a deduction.

How does the Commissioner determine the effective life of plant?

24. In making a determination under section 42-110 of the Act, the matters the Commissioner has regard to include, but are not limited to, the same matters you would consider if you worked out effective life yourself under section 42-105, except that the Commissioner considers the application of those matters across a broad range of taxpayers.

25. In conducting a review, the Commissioner considers the factors in paragraph 26 (which are not intended to be exhaustive). Where appropriate, each factor is considered on the basis of historical information and future expectations. No one factor is necessarily conclusive and the weight given to each will vary depending on the nature of the asset. In considering these factors, the Commissioner only takes account of normal industry practices.

26. The factors include:

·
the physical life of the asset;
·
engineering information;
·
the manufacturer's specifications;
·
the way in which the asset is used by an industry;
·
the past experience of users of the asset;
·
the level of repairs and maintenance adopted by users of the asset;
·
industry standards;
·
the use of the asset by different industries;
·
retention periods;
·
obsolescence;
·
scrapping or abandonment practices;
·
if the asset is leased, the period of the lease;
·
economic or financial analysis indicating the period over which that asset is intended for use; and
·
where the asset is actively traded in a secondary market, conditions in that market.

Physical Life

27. As set out in paragraph 20, subsection 42-105(1) of the Act requires an estimate of the period an unit of plant can be used by any entity for income producing purposes. It is arguable that an asset can be used to produce income while it continues to have a physical existence, that is, until it is physically exhausted.

28. Physical life, therefore, can be seen as the outer limit of an asset's effective life and is a useful starting point for an analysis of all the factors set out in paragraph 26. Historical physical life is best determined by empirical evidence.

Engineering Information/Manufacturer's Specifications

29. An estimate of the physical life of a new asset, however, cannot be based solely on what has occurred in the past. An analysis of engineering information and manufacturer's specifications is important when estimating future physical lives. There is a variety of reasons why the expected life of a new asset may differ from that achieved in the past. These reasons include advances in technology, different construction materials, intensity of use and the levels of repairs and maintenance.

Physical Life/Effective Life

30. It is important to note that we do not consider that the physical life of an asset is necessarily its effective life because, as previously mentioned, all factors must be considered before an estimate of effective life is made. A consideration of these factors may often indicate that an asset's effective life is a period shorter than its physical life.

The way in which an asset is used by an industry/The past experience of users of the asset

31. Just as paragraph 42-105(2)(b) of the Act requires your circumstances of use to be taken into account when you are working out effective life, we also consider circumstances of use of an asset. As mentioned above, intensity of use impacts directly on its life. Where possible, we consult with industry to establish the industry norm for the intensity of use of an asset.

32. Often assets are not used for income producing purposes for the whole of their life. For example, assets may be retired from income producing use but be retained as a source of spare parts. In this instance, their effective life may end at the time they are retired.

Repairs and Maintenance

33. It might be suggested that the life of an asset can be extended indefinitely if there is unlimited expenditure on repairs and maintenance. However, paragraph 42-105(2)(c) of the Act requires you to assume that plant will be maintained only in reasonably good order and condition. Accordingly, the effective life of an asset may end when, from one or more of a variety of causes, it is no longer economic to maintain it, even though it may still be possible to do so. To establish that point in time we consider the industry norm.

Industry Standards

34. There may be industry standards/regulations which set the level of repairs and maintenance that must be carried out. In addition, these standards/regulations may dictate the time at which a particular asset must be retired from use by an industry. We consider these factors when building up a complete picture of the effective life for an asset.

Use of the asset by different industries

35. The use of an asset by different industries is another important factor. The use may be parallel or consecutive. An example of parallel use is the use of a car as a taxi compared to the use of a car for income producing purposes generally. In these circumstances, the Commissioner has determined that the effective lives are different. This reflects the increased wear and tear experienced by a car used as a taxi.

36. The consecutive use of an asset arises where it is used by different taxpayers for different purposes during its physical life. In determining the effective life of some assets, we have estimated the period for which it can be used by any taxpayer for its intended purpose, without regard to the possible subsequent use of the asset by another taxpayer for an entirely different purpose. However, we have taken that approach only where the subsequent change in use is significant and the proceeds received on disposal are small relative to its original cost. An example of this is a shipping container which, at the end of its effective life as a shipping container, may be used for a variety of other purposes, including as a storage shed. In that situation, the container would, nevertheless, have an effective life in the hands of the purchaser when it commences to be used as a storage shed.

Retention period

37. The retention period is the period any one taxpayer generally holds an asset. Subject to paragraph 36, the effective life of an asset is its total income producing life which is not necessarily the period a particular taxpayer expects to hold it before replacing it. For example, it is common practice for some businesses to dispose of a car after it has done a fixed number of kilometres. The effective life of the car does not end at that time if it can still be effectively used as a car for income producing purposes.

Obsolescence

38. If you are working out the effective life of plant yourself, subsection 42-105(3) of the Act allows you to take into account whether you would be likely to scrap it, sell it for scrap or abandon it before the end of the period it might otherwise be capable of being used for income producing purposes by any entity.

39. This subsection clearly recognises your ability to factor in obsolescence. The Commissioner also considers obsolescence when determining the effective life of an asset.

40. An asset may become obsolete for both commercial and technological reasons.

41. Commercial obsolescence may occur if, for instance, market demand for the goods produced by the asset ceases through consumer preference or Government regulation. It may also occur if the raw material the asset processes becomes unavailable.

42. Technology may advance so that another asset is better suited for the income producing activity for which an existing asset is used. The point to note about technological advances, however, is that we do not necessarily consider that an asset's effective life has ended with each technological advance. A taxpayer can still use an asset for income producing purposes even though a newer model has come on to the market.

43. We consider obsolescence is only relevant when it prevents the continued use of the asset for income producing purposes. This is best evidenced by scrapping practices.

44. There are two types of obsolescence - that which can be predicted at the time the asset is first used (predictable) and that which emerges later (unpredictable). Clearly, we can only take account of predictable obsolescence when making an estimate of effective life. Even then, we would only take it into account if it can be predicted with a high level of certainty across the majority of users.

45. Taxpayers faced with predictable obsolescence which impacts only on their business may choose to work out the effective lives of the assets themselves rather than adopt the effective life specified by the Commissioner.

46. In addition, taxpayers can now work out a new effective life under section 42-112 of the Act where facts emerge (eg unpredictable obsolescence) during the life of the asset that mean it must be scrapped before its originally estimated effective life has ended.

Scrapping or abandoning practices

47. Once a taxpayer has scrapped or abandoned an asset there is a presumption it can no longer be used by anyone to produce income. We would expect scrapping to reflect the fact that the asset is either physically exhausted or obsolete. A taxpayer may abandon an asset if it is too difficult or costly to remove from its place of operation.

48. This factor is only relevant to the Commissioner's determination of the effective life of an asset if we can establish a general scrapping or abandonment practice across users of the asset. Evidence that one group of users traditionally scraps an asset while others do not will not be sufficient to establish the asset as one that is generally scrapped for the purpose of the Commissioner's determination. However, taxpayers within the group that scrapped the asset could choose to work out the asset's effective life themselves.

Lease periods

49. Because effective life is, among other things, the period plant can be used for income producing purposes, it is unlikely that an asset would be leased for a period greater than its effective life. Consideration of this factor will, in many instances, suggest that the effective life is no shorter than the period of the lease.

Financial Analysis

50. As with lease periods, we consider that economic or financial analysis indicating the period over which an asset is intended for use gives guidance that the effective life is no shorter than that period. In many instances, the analysis may only reflect the capital cost recovery period or the term of a contract when in fact the asset may be used for income producing purposes by any entity for a much longer time.

Market Value

51. The defining character of a wasting asset is that its market value actually falls, or is expected to fall, over time. An analysis of the decline of market values of an asset class, therefore, is an important factor together with those set out above to ensure that a determination of effective life provides appropriate deductions.

Working out your own effective life

52. The factors outlined above are essentially the same factors that we consider you would use if you worked out the effective life of an asset yourself rather than adopt the effective life specified by the Commissioner. There is, however, one critical difference.

53. As mentioned in paragraph 25, the Commissioner only takes account of normal industry practices when estimating effective life. However, taxpayers who choose to self-assess can take account of their own particular circumstances of use: see paragraph 42-105(2)(b) of the Act.

54. The Commissioner only determines the effective life of new assets. The purchaser of a second-hand asset, who decides its second-hand condition justifies a shorter life than that determined by the Commissioner, can self-assess. A taxpayer who self-assesses the effective life of plant acquired after 11.45 am, by legal time in the ACT, on 21 September 1999 is no longer required to assume that it is new.

Rates

55. The rates listed in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 were accelerated. The accelerated rates, which are set out in Subdivision 42-D of the Act, now only apply to small business taxpayers who satisfy the conditions in Subdivision 42-K. Those rates will continue to apply for small business taxpayers until the proposed Simplified Tax System takes effect from 1 July 2001.

56. For all other taxpayers, for plant they acquire or commence to construct after 11.45 am, by legal time in the ACT, on 21 September 1999, accelerated rates have been removed: see section 42-118 of the Act.

57. The tables in the schedule attached to this Ruling contain only effective lives. Rates have not been included. Working out a rate is no longer a separate step in the process, but has been incorporated into the calculation formulas: see subsections 42-160(3) (diminishing value) and 42-165(2A) (prime cost) of the Act.

Structure

58. Table A of the attached schedule is an industry table which contains assets under industry headings that have, where possible, been drawn from the Australian New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) subject categories. The table lists, under each industry heading, specific assets that are peculiar to that industry or for which a special effective life is justified because of the use to which those assets are put by the industry. Under some industry headings, the list of assets also contains a general grouping or class of assets that is identified by reference to the specific industry function or process for which the assets are employed.

59. Table B is an asset table which contains generic assets which may be used by more than one industry.

60. We have set out the Commissioner's estimate of effective life against each listed asset. Adopting this new structure allows the removal of many duplicated items. For example, in Taxation Ruling IT 2685, we have listed motor vehicles both individually and under various industry headings. In the attached schedule we have included them only in the asset list. We would include them in an industry list only if we were to give them a different effective life for use in that industry.

61. We have marked new items and items we have reviewed with an asterisk (*).

How to use this schedule

62. The entries for the effective life of assets listed under a particular industry in Table A must only be used by members of that industry. If an asset is listed in Table A under a particular industry heading and also in Table B , then you must use the industry table if you are a member of that industry. Taxpayers not in that industry must use Table B .

63. If an asset used by an industry member is not listed under its industry heading, either specifically or under the general functional group/class, then the member should use the effective life of the asset listed in Table B .

64. If an asset is not listed in either Table A or B then the Commissioner has not determined its effective life and you will need to work out its effective life yourself.

Removal of items listed in Taxation Ruling IT 2685

65. Many of the items that appear in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 do not appear in the attached schedule. Generally, we have removed them because no effective life is set for them or the asset is no longer used for income producing purposes.

66. We have listed all items that we have removed in Tables C to F of the schedule attached to this ruling. For easy identification, we have listed them exactly as they appear in Taxation Ruling IT 2685. These tables do not represent re-determinations made by the Commissioner. We have divided assets that we have removed into four categories:

·
non-depreciable assets;
·
assets for which a deduction was allowed using the replacements method;
·
assets for which there were previously statutory rates; and
·
redundant assets.

Non-depreciable assets

67. There are approximately 50 assets listed in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 for which no effective life is set. Most were listed for the purpose of advising that no depreciation is available for them because they are not plant (e.g., they are livestock governed by the trading stock provisions or buildings or structures) or, in one case, because the taxpayer leased the plant (see boot and shoe-making machinery leased by taxpayer).

68. We have removed these assets because their listing in a Commissioner's determination of the effective lives of assets is inappropriate. The schedule is confined to the determinations the Commissioner is authorised to make under sections 42-110 and 387-177 of the Act - i.e., determinations specifying the effective life of assets.

69. Table C of the attached schedule lists the assets we have removed because no effective life is set for them.

Replacements

70. It had been a longstanding practice to permit taxpayers to treat the initial purchase of certain assets as not depreciable but to claim an immediate deduction for the cost of their replacement. The practice principally related to low cost items that had very long or indeterminate lives, were difficult to keep track of, and were subject to frequent replacement through loss or breakage (e.g., crockery).

71. Taxation Ruling IT 2685 contains approximately 100 entries for assets the cost of which is only deductible on a replacements basis. There are a further 17 assets where we offer the replacements basis as an alternative to an effective life write-off.

72. In 1991, the law was amended to allow an immediate write-off for assets costing $300 or less or having an effective life of less than three years. At that time, we discontinued our administrative practice of allowing a deduction on a replacements basis for plant that was otherwise immediately deductible because of those provisions (see paragraph 63 of Taxation Ruling IT 2685).

73. For some taxpayers, the $300 immediate write-off provisions have been replaced with a new system which applies from 1 July 2000. That system allows certain taxpayers to pool units of plant costing less than $1,000 each and to write off the pool under the diminishing value method using an effective life of four years. (see Subdivision 42-M of the Act).

74. The Government is proposing Simplified Tax System ( the STS) for small business taxpayers to apply from 1 July 2001. The STS will remove both the previous accelerated rates and the $300 immediate write-off which remained available for those taxpayers. The STS will also allow eligible taxpayers who decide to use it an immediate write-off for depreciating assets costing less than $1,000, and pooling arrangements for other depreciating assets.

75. The Government has also announced that the $300 write off for depreciating assets used by taxpayers predominantly in deriving non-business income will be reinstated with effect from 1 July 2000.

76. For these reasons, the replacement basis for deductions will not be available for assets you first use (or have installed ready for use) for the purpose of producing assessable income after 30 June 2000.

77. We have completely removed replacement only assets. For those assets for which replacements are offered as an alternative in the schedule attached to IT 2685, the effective life remains but we have removed the replacement option. A list of assets for which replacements used to apply appears in Table D of the attached schedule.

Loose tools

78. In Taxation Ruling IT 2685, under the 'building and construction industry' heading, we give loose tools an effective life of five years, with the option of using the replacement basis. Elsewhere, we simply list them as replacements and do not suggest an effective life.

79. The Commissioner's new determination specifies that the effective life of all loose tools is five years.

Division 42 statutory rates

80. There are two asset categories for which statutory rates have applied automatically without having to ascertain effective life. They are employee amenities and assets used for scientific research. For the reasons discussed below, these rates now have little or no application and we have, therefore, removed from the schedule the items to which they pertain. We have listed those items in Table E .

Employee amenities

81. Employee amenities are plant used mainly for providing clothing cupboards, first aid, rest-room or recreational facilities, meals or facilities for meals for employees or their children. Their depreciation rate is 33% prime cost and 50% diminishing value (see section 42-150 of the Act).

82. These rates are not linked to the effective life of the plant and they are clearly set out in the Act. They now only apply to small business taxpayers. For all other taxpayers, for plant they acquire or commence to construct after 11.45 am, by legal time in the ACT, on 21 September 1999, these rates have been removed and the depreciation rate is determined by the effective life of the plant.

83. For these reasons, we have removed the entries relating to employee amenities. Taxpayers will need to work out the effective life of plant that is no longer covered by the statutory rate.

Scientific research

84. For plant used only for scientific research in the fields of natural or applied science the prime cost rate is 33% and diminishing value rate is 50% (see section 42-145 of the Act). However, these rates only apply to plant acquired before 1 July 1995. Therefore, we have also removed entries in the schedule relating to them.

Redundant assets

85. We have listed in Table F , which is for information purposes only, those items of plant in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 which we have so far identified as redundant.

86. We consider an asset is redundant if it is:

·
no longer used for income producing purposes (e.g., accounting machines, drays, wagons, buggies);
·
no longer manufactured (e.g., radiograms); or
·
in the process of being overtaken by technology (e.g., gramophone records, which have been largely replaced by compact discs).

87. If a taxpayer requires an effective life for an item of plant that we have removed on the basis that it is redundant, they can work out the effective life themselves.

Horticultural plants

88. A special write-off of the capital expenditure attributable to the establishment of a horticultural plant is available under Subdivision 387-C of the Act. The write-off rate depends on the plant's effective life.

89. Taxpayers have the choice of using the Commissioner's determination of effective life or of working out their own effective life (see section 387-175 of the Act). Prior to this ruling, the Commissioner had not made any determinations of the effective lives of horticultural plants.

90. The Commissioner has made his determination of the effective life of horticultural plants specified in the attached schedule by estimating the period for which the plant could reasonably be expected to be used for the purpose of producing assessable income in a horticulture business (see sections 387-170 and 387-175 of the Act).

91. The methodology we use to establish the effective life of a horticultural plant involves a consideration of the factors set out in paragraph 26 to the extent that they are relevant. We canvass issues such as the varieties and location of plants grown, the age planted out, the years required to come into production and the number of years production was anticipated. Consumer demand for new varieties may cause commercial obsolescence and, therefore, is a major factor in determining the effective life of horticultural plants.

92. Crop management techniques, such as regeneration and topworking/reworking, where trees are cut back to the stump, have also been taken into account in determining the effective life of horticultural plants. Where topworking/reworking involves grafting a new variety onto the old root system, with the result that a new plant has been established, deductions for capital expenditure incurred in establishing the new plant will be based on the effective life of the new plant.

Date of effect of determinations for plant

93. In each of the following examples, we have assumed that the taxpayer has decided to use the effective life specified by the Commissioner, none are small business taxpayers as defined in Subdivision 960-Q of the Act and the assets are not able to be pooled.

Example 1

94. XXX Ltd constructed a unit of plant and construction started on 19 September 1999. Regardless of when the plant is first used or installed ready for use, XXX Ltd will be able to apply the general (accelerated) rates set out in section 42-125 of the Act for that plant based on the effective life specified in Taxation Ruling IT 2685. This is because XXX Ltd started to construct that plant before 21 September 1999 (paragraph 42-118(1)(b)).

Example 2

95. XXX Ltd constructed a unit of plant and construction started on 1 May 2000. If the company uses the plant within three years of the date construction started it must use the effective life for that plant set out in Taxation Ruling IT 2685. If the plant is not used within three years it must use the effective life specified in the Commissioner's determination that is in force when the plant is first used or installed ready for use.

Example 3

96. John acquires an asset after 1 January 2001 and commences to use it immediately for income producing purposes. He must use the appropriate effective life specified in the schedule attached to this Ruling (and not the effective life specified in the schedule attached to Taxation Ruling IT 2685).

97. His deduction is based on the effective life of the asset. It is worked out in accordance with the calculation formula in either subsection 42-160(3) of the Act (if he is using the diminishing value method) or subsection 42-165(2A) (if he is using the prime cost method).

Consultation

98. We have consulted industry bodies and interested taxpayers during the course of the review. In addition, the items marked with an asterisk in the attached schedule have been reviewed by an independent panel comprising a representative from the Taxation Institute of Australia, the Corporate Tax Association, The Treasury, The Australian Valuation Office and the Australian Taxation Office.

Detailed contents list

99. Below is a detailed table of contents for this Ruling:

  Paragraph
What this Ruling is about 1
Previous Rulings 5
Determinations 6
Acquisitions of plant pre 21 September 1999 9
Acquisitions of plant post 21 September 1999 10
Explanations 12
Context of Commissioner's review 12
Basic Principles of Depreciation 17
How does the Commissioner determine the effective life of plant? 24
Physical Life 27
Engineering Information/Manufacturer's Specifications 29
Physical Life/Effective Life 30
The way in which an asset is used by an industry/The past experience of users of the asset 31
Repairs and Maintenance 33
Industry Standards 34
Use of the asset by different industries 35
Retention period 37
Obsolescence 38
Scrapping or abandoning practices 47
Lease periods 49
Financial Analysis 50
Market Value 51
Working out your own effective life 52
Rates 55
Structure 58
How to use this schedule 62
Removal of items listed in Taxation Ruling IT 2685 65
Non-depreciable assets 67
Replacements 70
Loose tools 78
Division 42 statutory rates 80
Employee amenities 81
Scientific research 84
Redundant assets 85
Horticultural plants 88
Date of effect of determinations for plant 93
Example 1 94
Example 2 95
Example 3 96
Consultation 98
Detailed contents list 99
Table A Page 19
Table B Page 45
Table C Page 56
Table D Page 59
Table E Page 64
Table F Page 65

This is the last Taxation Ruling for the 2000 calendar year. The next Ruling will be Taxation Ruling TR 2001/1.

Commissioner of Taxation
21 December 2000

Table A - Effective lives (Industry Categories)

ASSET LIFE ( YEARS ) REVIEWED DATE OF APPLICATION
ACCOMMODATION , CAFES AND RESTAURANTS ( 57100 to 57402 )
Accommodation ( 57100 )
Houses and Flats Let Furnished:  
--Blinds, Venetian 20   1 Jan 2001
--Electric clock 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Electric heater 10   1 Jan 2001
--Garbage units (compacting) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Refrigerators 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Stoves 20   1 Jan 2001
AGRICULTURE , FORESTRY AND FISHING ( 01110 to 04203 )
Agriculture ( 01110 to 02200 )
Agricultural implements and plant (general including station plant) 10   1 Jan 2001
Bacon bins (demountable pig confinement units):
--Galvanised iron components of structure 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Plant installed in structure 20   1 Jan 2001
Banana ripening plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Bee farming plant:
--Beehives 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Processing plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Bridges (wooden) 20   1 Jan 2001
Cotton sheds (humidification) 20   1 Jan 2001
Curing barns (tobacco, timber, peanut, corn or grain) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Dairy farm plant (power): 20   1 Jan 2001
Fences:
--General (including wire and wire netting used in construction of fencing) 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Electric 20   1 Jan 2001
Fruit-growers' plant:
--Dips, pans, spray pumps, etc 10   1 Jan 2001
--Fumigation tents and machinery 10   1 Jan 2001
--Hail netting:
---Black (UV inhibited) 10   1 Jan 2001
---White or clear 5   1 Jan 2001
---Support poles, wires, high tensile cables 40   1 Jan 2001
--Racks (dried fruit) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Tecto applicator (citrus anti-fungal plant) 5   1 Jan 2001
Glass houses (metal-framed) 50   1 Jan 2001
Greenhouse 'igloo' components:
--Galvanised piping frames 20   1 Jan 2001
--Fibreglass covering, electric fans and misted water spray equipment 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Harvester/Sweeper 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Headers, self propelled (combine harvesters) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Hop growers' plant:
--Hop picking machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Kilns 20   1 Jan 2001
Horse stalls (Breeze way Shed Row) 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Horticultural plants:
--Citrus:
---Grapefruit 30 * 1 Jan 2001
---Lemon 20 * 1 Jan 2001
---Limes 20 * 1 Jan 2001
---Mandarin 25 * 1 Jan 2001
---Orange 30 * 1 Jan 2001
--Pome:
---Apple 20 * 1 Jan 2001
---Pear 25 * 1 Jan 2001
--Stone Fruit:
---Apricots 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Cherries 18 * 1 Jan 2001
---Nectarine 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Olives 30 * 1 Jan 2001
---Peach 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Plum 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Prune 20 * 1 Jan 2001
--Tropical:
---Avocado 20 * 1 Jan 2001
---Mango 30 * 1 Jan 2001
Irrigation plant and equipment:
--Metal piping 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Other piping (including concrete channels but not earth channels) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Other plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Levee banks and revetments 40   1 Jan 2001
Motor cycles (used for mustering, maintenance of fences, etc) 3   1 Jan 2001
Mushroom growers' plant:
--Air conditioning plant 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Buildings:
---Peak heat, spawn running and growing rooms 10   1 Jan 2001
---Other:
----timber or steel frame 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
----brick, stone or concrete walls 50   1 Jan 2001
--Compost preparation plant 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--General plant (including spraying, watering and pumping equipment) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Growing trays 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Pea-viners, pea cleaners, vine and straw conveyors 10   1 Jan 2001
Peanut blanching plant:
--Air piping 20   1 Jan 2001
--Blanchers 10   1 Jan 2001
--Colour sorter (electronic) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Control panel 20   1 Jan 2001
--Cooling equipment (including control panel) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Elevators 10   1 Jan 2001
--Exhaust fans 20   1 Jan 2001
--Fumigation equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pal boxes 3   1 Jan 2001
--Plant water services 50   1 Jan 2001
--Roaster and dryer 10   1 Jan 2001
--Scales 20   1 Jan 2001
--Storage surge bins 20   1 Jan 2001
--Tipping unit 20   1 Jan 2001
--Transformers 40   1 Jan 2001
--Vibrating conveyors 10   1 Jan 2001
Poultry farmers' plant (incubators) 20   1 Jan 2001
Sheep Farming Plant:
--Shearing machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Shearing stands (demountable) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Sheep dips (concrete) 50   1 Jan 2001
--Woolsheds:
---with brick, stone or concrete walls 66 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---wood or iron walls 50   1 Jan 2001
Silos:
--Ancillary equipment 20   1 Jan 2001
--Concrete 100   1 Jan 2001
--Grain (iron) 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Other 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Stockyards, pens, lairages 20   1 Jan 2001
Stud stock and thoroughbred horses 10   1 Jan 2001
Trellis 20   1 Jan 2001
Vegetable processing equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Water tower (brick) 100   1 Jan 2001
Fishing / Aquaculture ( 04110 to 04203 )
Fish Farming Ponds (earth and clay) 20   1 Jan 2001
Fishing Plant:
--Boats 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Fish holding baskets 10   1 Jan 2001
--Purse seine fishing net 5   1 Jan 2001
Pearling and Oyster Fishing Plant:
--Luggers (oyster fishing) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Pearling boats 20   1 Jan 2001
--Pumps 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Prawn farming ponds and plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Forestry and Logging ( 03010 to 03030 )
Logging Plant:
--Cable system (including winches and high leads) 8 * 1 Jan 2001
--Forwarders 8 * 1 Jan 2001
--Harvesters and feller bunches (includes heads) 7 * 1 Jan 2001
--Log trailers 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Saws:
---Mobile 8 * 1 Jan 2001
---Portable chain 2 * 1 Jan 2001
--Snigging plant (including cable and grapple skidders, wheel loaders with log grabs, bulldozers, excavators, arches and winches) 7 * 1 Jan 2001
Saw Milling Equipment:
--Dry or planner mill plant:
---Generally (includes multi saw/trimmer, pack docker, planner/molder, resaw or optimiser docker, stress grader and tilt hoist) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Stacker 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Tray sorter 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Green mill plant:
---Edger line plant (includes board edger and resaw) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Heating plant (includes storage bins/silos) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Kiln drying plant:
----Generally (includes kiln trolleys/carriages, traverser and weights) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
----Timber drying kilns and reconditioners 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Main saw line plant (includes saws, chipper canter, board separator and cant turner) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Sorter and trimming line plant:
----Generally (includes grade mark reader and multi trimmer) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
----Stackers 15 * 1 Jan 2001
----Vertical bin sorters 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Log debarking plant (includes decks, carriages, hydraulic grabs and fixed cranes, butt reducer, debarker, kicker sorter and bins/pockets.) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Log, Lumber and Waste Transfer Equipment 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Log Yard Equipment:
----Fixed and mobile cranes 12 * 1 Jan 2001
----Mobile equipment (including log loaders with log grabs) 7 * 1 Jan 2001
----Watering systems 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Miscellaneous plant:
----Generally (includes air compressors, extraction systems and pollution and air monitoring equipment) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
----Moisture meters 3 * 1 Jan 2001
----Saw and knife sharpening equipment 10 * 1 Jan 2001
----Walkways 15 * 1 Jan 2001
---Waste processing equipment:
----Bins - waste, chip and fuel 15 * 1 Jan 2001
----Chippers, shakers/screens and hoggers 10 * 1 Jan 2001
CONSTRUCTION ( 41111 to 42590 )
Bending machines (bar, angle or rod) 10   1 Jan 2001
Brick elevators (portable) 5   1 Jan 2001
Chain blocks, rod shears, jacks, etc 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Compressors 10   1 Jan 2001
Concreting plant:
--Batching plant:
---Portable and demountable 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Static 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Buggies or dumpers (motorised) 5   1 Jan 2001
--Hoppers, skips and hoist buckets 10   1 Jan 2001
--Immersion vibrators 4   1 Jan 2001
--Mobile concrete pumping units 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Monorails 5   1 Jan 2001
--Steel formwork, beams and props 10   1 Jan 2001
--Trowelling machines 4   1 Jan 2001
--Vibrating screeders 4   1 Jan 2001
Cranes (Mobile):
--Light and medium, 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Heavy (over 15 tons/15.24 tonnes lift) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Tower and hoists 10   1 Jan 2001
Derricks 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Earth moving plant and heavy equipment 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Grinding and milling machines 3   1 Jan 2001
Levels, dumpy, etc 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Lift slab equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
Pumps 10   1 Jan 2001
Road-making Plant:
--Air compressors and motors 10   1 Jan 2001
--Crushers and bins 10   1 Jan 2001
--General asphalt plant 10   1 Jan 2001
--Road graders and rollers 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Saw benches (portable) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Welding units (portable):
--Light type 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Medium and other types 10   1 Jan 2001
Winches 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
CULTURAL AND RECREATIONAL SERVICES ( 91110 to 93302 )
Libraries , Museums , the Arts and Parks and Gardens ( 92100 to 92590 )
Libraries:
--Circulating (all classes of books) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Music lending 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Museum Displays in Aircraft/War Museums 100   1 Jan 2001
Parks and Gardens:
--Lion Park:
---Animal cages and sheds 20   1 Jan 2001
---Animal huts 10   1 Jan 2001
--Planetarium dome 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Sea Life Centre:
---Fibreglass aquarium tanks 20   1 Jan 2001
---Ketch 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---TV audio system 10   1 Jan 2001
Film , Video , Radio and Television Services ( 91110 to 91220 )
Audition Units 10   1 Jan 2001
Cinema operation:
--Audio amplification and processing equipment (includes component racks systems) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Carpets 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Cinema automation system 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Cinema and sound processor 8 * 1 Jan 2001
--Cinema seating (includes frame, seat body and cover) 7 * 1 Jan 2001
--Curtains, wall and acoustic treatments 7 * 1 Jan 2001
--Drive-in plant:
---Sound transmission equipment 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Listening units (including posts, wiring and speaker equipment) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Screens and screen framing 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Film handling and maintenance equipment (includes splicers, footage counters, spools and reels, stripper plates, rewinders, spinners, trolleys and cleaners) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Film transport system (includes platter systems, tower, make-up tables and interlock systems) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Lighting (includes dimmers, aisle and seat) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Loud speakers and sound reproduction equipment 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Motion picture and slide projection equipment:
---Motion picture projector 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Projector heat extraction system 10 * 1 Jan 2001
---Projection port 20 * 1 Jan 2001
---Slide projector 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Screen installations (includes screens, framing and masking equipment) 8 * 1 Jan 2001
Newsreel Equipment:
--Batteries 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Biographs 10   1 Jan 2001
--Cameras (sound) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Electric motors 20   1 Jan 2001
--Film editing equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Instruments 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Insulated cables 20   1 Jan 2001
--Meters 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Microphones 10   1 Jan 2001
--Radio sets and accessories 10   1 Jan 2001
--Sound equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Transformers 40   1 Jan 2001
Radio and Television Broadcasting Equipment:
--Computer automated 10   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Steel Masts 40   1 Jan 2001
Theatre equipment:
--Accessories (theatrical - wigs, costumes, etc) 5   1 Jan 2001
Sport , Gambling and Other Recreation Services ( 93111 to 93302 )
Amusement Machines and Equipment:
--Billiard tables 40   1 Jan 2001
--Eight Ball table (coin operated pool tables) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Electric dodgems:
---Cars (including internal electric motors and trolley rods) 3   1 Jan 2001
---Electrical and structural equipment providing power to drive the cars 20   1 Jan 2001
--Hot air balloons:
---Envelope and cane basket 3   1 Jan 2001
---Associated equipment (inflator fan, burner unit, fuel cylinders) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Merry-Go-Rounds:
---If fixed and protected from weather 20   1 Jan 2001
---Others 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Mini Wheel 10   1 Jan 2001
--Slot machines 5   1 Jan 2001
--Super slides 10   1 Jan 2001
--Waterslide and associated equipment 20   1 Jan 2001
--Wild cat 10   1 Jan 2001
--Zipper 10   1 Jan 2001
Bowling Centres (plant and equipment):
--Bowling alleys (timber - including ball return tracks, gutters, pit signals and terminals) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Bowling balls 5   1 Jan 2001
--Masking units 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pin setters and pin spotters 10   1 Jan 2001
--Other equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Golf Courses (miniature):
--Lighting plant, electric motors, moving parts 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lighting standards 40   1 Jan 2001
--Carpets on stairways 3   1 Jan 2001
Gymnasium Equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
Inflatable Amusements 2   1 Jan 2001
Juke Boxes 10   1 Jan 2001
Poker Machines 5   1 Jan 2001
Racehorses 10   1 Jan 2001
Racing Cars 2   1 Jan 2001
Shuffle Boards 10   1 Jan 2001
Skating Rink Plant:
--Fittings (open air) 20   1 Jan 2001
--General freezing plant and equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Hired ice skating boots 5   1 Jan 2001
--Roller skates 5   1 Jan 2001
--Surface (synthetic panels) 10   1 Jan 2001
Ski Equipment (skis, boots and stocks for hiring to public) 3   1 Jan 2001
Ski Maintenance Machine 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Space Theatre Dome 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Tennis Court Surface:
--Bitumen 20   1 Jan 2001
--Plexipave 20   1 Jan 2001
--Synthetic lawn 10   1 Jan 2001
Totalisator:
--Computer equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Ancillary equipment (eg ticket issuing machines) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Trampolines 10   1 Jan 2001
ELECTRICITY , GAS AND WATER SUPPLY ( 36100 to 37020 )
Electricity and gas supply ( 36100 to 36200 )
Electrical Machinery and Equipment:
--Accumulators and storage batteries 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Alternators (motor-generators) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Broadcasting equipment (computer automated) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Choke coils 40   1 Jan 2001
--Condensers 20   1 Jan 2001
--Distributing centres (switch gear) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Electric transmission lines 50   1 Jan 2001
--Engines, condensers, pumps 20   1 Jan 2001
--Generators (motor) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Hand tools and loose plant 5   1 Jan 2001
--House installations (owned by electricity suppliers) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Indicators (fixed and portable) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Instruments 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Lighting plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lighting units (fluorescent) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lightning arresters 50   1 Jan 2001
--Machinery not otherwise specified 20   1 Jan 2001
--Meters 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Power factor control 20   1 Jan 2001
--Power station plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Standards, iron or steel (including brackets and cross arms) 40   1 Jan 2001
--Starting gear, including compensators, switches, etc 20   1 Jan 2001
--Storage batteries 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Switchboards 20   1 Jan 2001
--Testing apparatus 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Transformer boxes 50   1 Jan 2001
--Transformers (static) 50   1 Jan 2001
Water supply , sewerage and drainage services ( 37010 to 37020 )
Moulds (steel moulds for the production of castings for sewage treatment plant) 5   1 Jan 2001
Sewage Treatment Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Water Mains 50   1 Jan 2001
EDUCATION ( 84100 to 84409 )
Kindergarten Furniture and Play Equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
FINANCE AND INSURANCE ( 73100 to 75200 )
Banks:
--Demountable strongrooms 100   1 Jan 2001
--Portable safes 40   1 Jan 2001
--Strongroom doors 100   1 Jan 2001
HEALTH AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ( 86110 to 87290 )
Dentists' Plant:
--Electric motors 20   1 Jan 2001
--High speed equipment:
---Air operated dental drilling equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
---Air compressors (independent) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Instruments and plant (other than high speed equipment) 20   1 Jan 2001
Medical Plant:
--Blood count machine 5   1 Jan 2001
--Camera (large field of view) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Cast setter 10   1 Jan 2001
--Cat scanner 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Coronary investigation unit 10   1 Jan 2001
--Defibrillator equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Diathermy plant (including screening):
---Generally 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Used for hire 10   1 Jan 2001
--Electro-cardiographs:
---Generally 20   1 Jan 2001
---Portable (personal) 3   1 Jan 2001
---Units (battery operated) used for hire 10   1 Jan 2001
--Fibreoptic endoscopes and associated light source equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
--High frequency current machines (surgical) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Hospital:
---Beds (including electric) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Furniture 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lampsetting casts 10   1 Jan 2001
--Medical analyser systems 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Nuclear medicine equipment 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Operating tables 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Ophthalmic surgeons' plant 10   1 Jan 2001
--Other plant (not being in the nature of instruments) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Patient monitoring equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pendants (service point in operating theatres for other equipment) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Radiological equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Radium plaques and needles 10   1 Jan 2001
--Silver recovery unit 10   1 Jan 2001
--Sonograph gamma ray sterilization plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Sterlization plant:
---Compressor 20   1 Jan 2001
---Gamma radiation unit 10   1 Jan 2001
---Cell block 100   1 Jan 2001
--Tomographic whole body scanner 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Ultra-sound unit 10   1 Jan 2001
--Ventilators 10   1 Jan 2001
--Vision analyser computer 5   1 Jan 2001
--Xerography unit 10   1 Jan 2001
--X-ray equipment:
---Associated equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
---Echo cardiographic 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---General (including screening and Rontgen Ray) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Image intensifier with TV chain and recording unit 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Portable units 10   1 Jan 2001
---Processor and daylight loading equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
---Scanner 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Spectrometer system 10   1 Jan 2001
Nursing Home:
--Commode 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Nurse call equipment 20   1 Jan 2001
--Scales 20   1 Jan 2001
--Shower chairs 10   1 Jan 2001
--Trolleys 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Veterinary's Plant (mobile clinic designed for carriage on utility or truck) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
MANUFACTURING ( 21110 to 29490 )
Food , beverage and tobacco manufacturing ( 21110 to 21900 )
Aerated Water Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Bacon Manufacture:
--Bacon Bins (demountable pig confinement units):
---Galvanised iron components of structure 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Plant installed in structure 20   1 Jan 2001
--Curing Plant:
---Fixtures (including overhead tracking) 20   1 Jan 2001
---Other 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Factory Building (40 percent of the total cost of the building is regarded as an integral part of plant and machinery):  
---Brick, stone or concrete structure 100   1 Jan 2001
---Wooden structure 20   1 Jan 2001
Bakers' Plant:
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Slicing and wrapping machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Biscuit-making Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Bread Manufacture:
--General plant 12   1 Jan 2001
--Slicing and wrapping machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Brewery Plant:
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Pipes and piping:
---Condenser 20   1 Jan 2001
---Expansion 40   1 Jan 2001
---Other 40   1 Jan 2001
Butchers' Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Cake-making Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Cigarette Paper Cutting and Folding Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Confectioners' Machinery 20   1 Jan 2001
Dairy Product Manufacturing:
--Buildings
---Factory Building (66 2/3 percent of the total cost of the building is regarded as an integral part of plant and machinery):  
----Brick or concrete structure 100   1 Jan 2001
----Wooden structure 20   1 Jan 2001
--Centrifuges (includes separators, decanters, clarifers and bactofuges) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Cheese blockformers 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Churns (includes continuours buttermaker, butter reworker and ice cream freezer) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Continuous cheddaring machine 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Conveyors 10 1 Jan 2001
--Driers (includes drum, fluidised bed and spray) 20 * 1 Jan 2001
--Evaporators (includes circulation/vacuum chamber and falling film) 20 * 1 Jan 2001
--Heat exchangers 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Homogenisers 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Membrane filtration plant:
---Filter membranes 1 1/2 * 1 Jan 2001
---Membrane holding tanks 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Pumps (brine and cream) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Tanks (includes storage, mixing, process and balance tanks) 20 * 1 Jan 2001
--Water cooling and aerating plant 8   1 Jan 2001
Distillery Plant (brandy etc) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Flour-milling Plant:
--Bins (wooden) 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Silos (steel and concrete) 100   1 Jan 2001
Fruit and Vegetable Canning Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Jam-making Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Linseed Oil Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Maltsters' Plant:
--Bins (wooden) 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Silos (steel and concrete) 100   1 Jan 2001
Meat Works Plant:
--Building (66 2/3 per cent of the total cost of the building (including slaughter houses, chillers, freezing rooms, cooling rooms, blast tunnels, boning and packing rooms) is regarded as an integral part of plant and machinery):  
---Brick, stone and concrete structures 100   1 Jan 2001
---Wooden structures 20   1 Jan 2001
--Stock-yards, pens and lairages (both timber and steel, but excluding concrete stockyard floors) 20   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Pasta Manufacturing and Related Freezing Equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
Poultry Processing Plant:
--Conveyor systems and troughing 20   1 Jan 2001
--Refrigeration plant and boiler 10   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Rendering Plant:
--Bagging/weigh batching machine 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Bins (includes raw material bins, charging hopper/feedbin, cake bin and holding bin) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Blood drying equipment (includes blood holding tank, agitated holding tank, coagulator, drier, decanter and dried blood hopper) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Cookers and driers (includes batch cooker, continuous cooker, continuous drier and pre-heater) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Decanter/centrifuge 12 * 1 Jan 2001
--Environmental control equipment (includes condenser and associated equipment, bio-filter, air- scrubber, after-burner and dissolved air flotation system) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Feathrolyser/feather hydrolyser 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Magnet 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Mill 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Mincer/grinder 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Pans and screens (includes percolator pans/screen and shaker screen ) 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Pre-breaker/pre-hogger 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Screw and bucket elevators 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Screw press/expeller press 13 * 1 Jan 2001
--Separator/polisher 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Tallow storage tank 15 * 1 Jan 2001
--Waste heat evaporator 15 * 1 Jan 2001
Rice Milling Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Sugar Mills 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Tobacco Kilns 20   1 Jan 2001
Wine-making Machinery 20   1 Jan 2001
Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing ( 28110 to 28690 )
Motor Cycle Building Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Plant:
--Basic machinery 10   1 Jan 2001
--Tooling (ie jigs, dies, press tools and specialty attachments such as working heads and work-holding tools) 3   1 Jan 2001
Piston Ring Manufacturing Plant:
--Engineering works plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Motors 20   1 Jan 2001
--Overhead gear, equipment, belting, etc 20   1 Jan 2001
--Precision machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Saw-making Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Watchmakers' Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Metal and Metal Product Manufacturing ( 27110 to 27690 )
Designs used in connection with stamping decorative steel and iron work 40   1 Jan 2001
Die Casters' Plant:
--Aluminium 3   1 Jan 2001
--Die casting furnaces 10   1 Jan 2001
--Die casting machines and ancillary hydraulic plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Forging stainless steel elbows 5   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Overall rate (alternative to the above) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Tooling in metal trade 4 1/2   1 Jan 2001
Foundry Plant:
--Converters 10   1 Jan 2001
--Furnaces 10   1 Jan 2001
--Laboratory 20   1 Jan 2001
--Ladles 10   1 Jan 2001
--Loose tools 5   1 Jan 2001
--Machine tools 20   1 Jan 2001
--Machinery and plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Moulding boxes 10   1 Jan 2001
--Patterns 40   1 Jan 2001
--Plant and tools (excluding furnaces, converter and ladles) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Rolling mill engines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Iron and Steel Industry:
--Granulators 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Slag pots 3   1 Jan 2001
Metal Crushing Plant (core fragmentised) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Metal Forming Plant:
--Dies and tooling 4 1/2   1 Jan 2001
--Roll forming dies 10   1 Jan 2001
--Strip roll forming machines 20   1 Jan 2001
Nail Manufacturing Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Smelting Plant 8   1 Jan 2001
Spring Manufacturers' Plant:
--Cooling furnaces 10   1 Jan 2001
--Power presses, rotary cambering, scale testing and scragging machines 20   1 Jan 2001
Stamping Blocks (used for designs of decorative steel and iron work) 20   1 Jan 2001
Tank Manufacturing Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Tinsmiths' Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Non - metallic mineral product manufacturing ( 26100 to 26400 )
Brickmaking Plant:
--Automatic handling equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Brick kilns and pre kilns 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Cement brick plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Dryers 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Cement-making Plant:
--General plant (eg rotary mixing machines) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Raw slurry storage bins 66 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Slurry blending silos 50   1 Jan 2001
--Slurry mixing silos 50   1 Jan 2001
Concrete Pipe Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Glass Bottle Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Monumental Masons' Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Plaster Manufacturing Plant 8   1 Jan 2001
Pottery Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Slate Works Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Tile Manufacturing Plant (cement and concrete):
--General plant 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pallets (aluminium used in extrusion process) 5   1 Jan 2001
Other Manufacturing ( 29110 to 29490 )
Broom and Brush Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Furniture-making Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Jewellers' Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Umbrella Manufacturers' Plant:
--Cutting boards 10   1 Jan 2001
--Lathes 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Motors 20   1 Jan 2001
Petroleum , coal , chemical and associated product manufacturing ( 25100 to 25660 )
Boot and Shoe Polish Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Chemical Manufacturing Plant:
--General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Organic Peroxides Explosion (cell block) 20   1 Jan 2001
Clothes Peg Manufacturing Plant (plastic) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Distillery (oil and tar) Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Explosive Manufacturing and Chemical Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Eucalyptus Oil Plant:
--Stills (coolers) 40   1 Jan 2001
--Tanks 40   1 Jan 2001
Fertiliser Manufacturing Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Gelatine and Glue Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Ink Factory Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Oxygen Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Plastic Industry:
--Blow moulders 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Dies 4   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Hydraulic presses, injection moulding machines, extrusion machines and bottle blowing machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Moulds:
---Glass blowing 2   1 Jan 2001
---High usage 5   1 Jan 2001
---Low usage 10   1 Jan 2001
---Once only 1   1 Jan 2001
Rubber Manufacturers' Plant:
--Moulds 5   1 Jan 2001
--Process plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Salt Manufacturing and Refining Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Sulphuric Acid Plant:
--Acid chambers (irrespective of raw material used) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Plant:
---Where pyrites used in manufacture of the acid 10   1 Jan 2001
---Where natural sulphur (brimstone) so used 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Printing , publishing and recorded media ( 24110 to 24309 )
Bookbinding Plant and Machinery 20   1 Jan 2001
Newspaper Wrapping Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Printers' Plant and Machinery:
--Dryers automatic and semi-automatic 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Dryers manual 20   1 Jan 2001
--Electronic engraving machines 10   1 Jan 2001
--Graphic arts plant:
---Colour scanners 10   1 Jan 2001
---Guillotines 10   1 Jan 2001
---Offset printers 10   1 Jan 2001
---Platemaking apparatus 10   1 Jan 2001
--Machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Photo-typesetting plant (computerised) 5   1 Jan 2001
--Printing machines incorporating electronic memory units 10   1 Jan 2001
--Screen printing plant (automatic and semi-automatic, including dryers) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Type 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Stationers' Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Textile , clothing , footwear and leather manufacturing ( 22110 to 22620 )
Boot and Shoe-making Machinery:
--Machinery and general plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Moulds for plastic heels 3   1 Jan 2001
--Vulcanising Moulds 5   1 Jan 2001
Clothing and Millinery Manufacturing Plant:
--Hat Manufacturing Plant and Machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Sewing Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Cotton Manufacturers' Machinery:
--Conveyors 10   1 Jan 2001
--Engines, gas 20   1 Jan 2001
--Gas producer plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Gins 10   1 Jan 2001
Flock Manufacturing Plant:
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Carding machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Knitting Machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Rope and Twine Manufacturers' Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Tanners' Plant:
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Modern plant used in 'wet' process 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Weaving Machinery (silk and cotton) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Wool Dumping Machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Wool Scouring Machinery 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Woollen Manufacturers' Machinery 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Wood and paper product manufacturing ( 23110 to 23390 )
Box and Carton (Cardboard) Makers' Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Clothes Peg Manufacturing Plant (wood) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Case-making Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Container (metal, solid or corrugated fibre) Makers' Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Cork Manufacturers' Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Frame (Picture) Manufacturing Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Joinery Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Moulding Machinery (wood) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Wood Working Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
MINING ( 11010 to 15200 )
Coal Mining and Metal Ore Mining ( 11010 to 110202 ) and ( 13110 to 13190 )
Coal hulks 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Continuous mining machines 8   1 Jan 2001
Conveyor units:
--Rubber conveyor belts 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Idlers 8   1 Jan 2001
--Motor, drive and structure of conveyor system 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Dragline bucket 10   1 Jan 2001
Dragline used in coal mining 20   1 Jan 2001
Dredging Machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Gangways 40   1 Jan 2001
General plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Initial containment areas 20   1 Jan 2001
Jetties and plant thereon (in exposed places)
--Jetties 20   1 Jan 2001
--Plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Mechanical coal mining plant (comprising cutters, loaders and shuttle-cars) 8   1 Jan 2001
Mine cars 10   1 Jan 2001
Pumps (used in mines and coal washing plant) 20   1 Jan 2001
Quarrying Plant and Machinery 10   1 Jan 2001
Rolling stock (trucks for carriage of coal) 40   1 Jan 2001
Shovels:
--Power (high speed - used in open-cut mines) 8   1 Jan 2001
Skips in coal mines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Stone Crushing Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Tailings dams 20   1 Jan 2001
Workshop plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Oil and Gas Extraction ( 12000 )
Natural Gas Pipeline 20   1 Jan 2001
Oil Companies' Plant and Machinery:
--Aircraft refuelling equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Bunds (other than formed with earth) 100   1 Jan 2001
--Distilling (oil and tar) plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Drums 4   1 Jan 2001
--Effluent separators (concrete) 40   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Kerbside pumps 10   1 Jan 2001
--Kerbside tanks 10   1 Jan 2001
--Laboratory equipment 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lighters and other craft:
---Iron and steel 20   1 Jan 2001
---Wooden 20   1 Jan 2001
--Mudlakes 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pipelines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Port loading facility foundation 50   1 Jan 2001
--Production plant:
---Onshore 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Offshore:
----Accommodation modules on fixed platforms 20   1 Jan 2001
----Helidecks on fixed platforms 20   1 Jan 2001
----Platform jackets 20   1 Jan 2001
----Other production facilities and plant not specifically listed 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pumps, motor and control gear and fittings (apart from major units) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Rail tank cars 20   1 Jan 2001
--Railway and tramway lines and permanent way 20   1 Jan 2001
--Refining plant (distillation and cracking units, reformers, hydrofiners, alkylation purification and other comparable specialised refining units) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Shaft drilling equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
--Tanks (including crude, intermediate and finished product tanks)(Effective life to be 17 years for residual oil tanks when the residual oil comes from a source producing oil of high sulphur content.) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Tanks (underground) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Tank wagons 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Trade utensils (including sales and garage equipment) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Trailers and carts 10   1 Jan 2001
--Wharves and jetties (concrete or timber) 40   1 Jan 2001
Oil Exploration Plant and Equipment:
--Oil rigs (off-shore drilling) and ancillary equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Oil search equipment (used for geophysical surveys in remote areas):
---Drilling plant and down-hole equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
---General plant and equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
---Mobile units and vehicles (other than passenger cars) 5   1 Jan 2001
---Other survey equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
---Portable sleeping and messing huts 5   1 Jan 2001
---Seismic survey equipment 5   1 Jan 2001
--Vessel (supply) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
PERSONAL AND OTHER SERVICES ( 95110 to 97000 )
Cleaners' Plant:
--Electronic floor polishers 10   1 Jan 2001
Dry Cleaning Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Funeral Directors' Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Hairdressers' Plant (including, partitions, cubicles, neon lighting tubes and wash basins) 20   1 Jan 2001
Laundry plant:
--General plant 10   1 Jan 2001
--Washing machines 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Photographers' Plant :
--Automatic film processing machine 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Cameras:
---Used for street photography 4   1 Jan 2001
--Other (including lenses, electronic flash units, enlargers, etc.) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Dark rooms (demountable - not integral part of building) 20   1 Jan 2001
Photo Engraving Plant:
--Automatic (dark room) cameras 10   1 Jan 2001
--Power operated proofing presses 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--General plant 20   1 Jan 2001
--Powderless etching machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Photo Lab (one - hour service) 10   1 Jan 2001
Video recorder or equipment hiring 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Video tapes and games hiring 1/2 * 1 Jan 2001
PROPERTY AND BUSINESS SERVICES (77110 to 78690)
Surveyors' Instruments:
--Geodimeter (electronic) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Laser Beam Survey Equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Levels 20   1 Jan 2001
--Stereoplotters (for making surveys from aerial photography etc) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Theodolites 20   1 Jan 2001
RETAIL TRADE ( 51100 to 53295 )
Shops:
--Aluminium roller grilles 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Fittings 20   1 Jan 2001
Food Retailing ( 51211 to 51290 )
Butchers' Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
Motor vehicle retailing and services ( 53110 to 53295 )
Motor Garage Equipment:
--Automatic car-washing machines 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Automotive parts cleaner:
---Pump 4   1 Jan 2001
---Drum 10   1 Jan 2001
--Motor vehicle repairing plant and machinery 10   1 Jan 2001
--Self-service pump installations (comprising pump and coin unit) 10   1 Jan 2001
Personal and household good retailing ( 52511 to 52597 )
Mannequin Display Figures 10   1 Jan 2001
TRANSPORT AND STORAGE ( 61100 to 67090 )
Air and Space Transport ( 64010 )
Aircraft Industry:
--Aircraft:
---General use 8   1 Jan 2001
---Gliders 10   1 Jan 2001
--Aircraft testing equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Containers, air cargo (used to transport goods by air) 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Flight simulators 8   1 Jan 2001
--General plant and machinery 20   1 Jan 2001
--Hangar fixtures and fittings 20   1 Jan 2001
--Link trainers 8   1 Jan 2001
--Plant subject to excessive corrosion 10   1 Jan 2001
--Precision machines and plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Rail Transport ( 62000 )
Containers, transportable (used to transport goods by road, rail and sea) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
Electric Railway:
--Bridge Works:
---Brick, stone or concrete 100   1 Jan 2001
---Other 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Electric Transmission Lines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Supporting structures (standards etc):
---Concrete, brick or stone 100   1 Jan 2001
---Iron or steel 40   1 Jan 2001
--Switch gear 20   1 Jan 2001
--Track structure (sleepers, rail, ballast, etc) 20   1 Jan 2001
Railway Track (tamping machines) 10   1 Jan 2001
Rolling Stock:
--Carriages:
---Country passenger service 20   1 Jan 2001
---Suburban passenger service 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Locomotives:
---Country passenger service 20   1 Jan 2001
---Mining and industry 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Suburban passenger service 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Trucks, wagons etc:
---General haulage 10   1 Jan 2001
---Used on tram lines 40   1 Jan 2001
Road Transport ( 61210 to 61232 )
Containers, transportable (used to transport goods by road, rail and sea) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
Taxis 4   1 Jan 2001
Water Transport ( 63010 to 63030 )
Boats, Ships, Lighters, etc:
--Boats (motor, rowing and sailing) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Bulk carriers 16   1 Jan 2001
--Container ships 16   1 Jan 2001
--Ferry steamers 20   1 Jan 2001
--Flexible barges (collapsible bag type) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Hovercraft 5   1 Jan 2001
--Launches 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lighters 20   1 Jan 2001
--Lighters (coal - wooden, iron or steel) 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Mini-submarine 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Offshore Supply Vessels 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Punts and rafts 20   1 Jan 2001
--Roll-on/roll-off ships 16   1 Jan 2001
--Ships and steamers 20   1 Jan 2001
--Slips and standing ways 20   1 Jan 2001
--Surf boats, salvage 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Tankers (engaged primarily and principally in the tanker trade) 16   1 Jan 2001
--Trawler 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Tugs 20   1 Jan 2001
Materials Handling Plant and Equipment:
--Container port loading facilities:
---Portainer cranes 20   1 Jan 2001
---Straddle carriers 5   1 Jan 2001
--Containers, transportable (used to transport goods by road, rail and sea) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Conveyors (production or freight handling):
---Belts (rubber or vinyl) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Overhead production lines 10   1 Jan 2001
---Rollers (static or movable) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Pallets 5   1 Jan 2001
--Racks, stillages, trollies and baskets 10   1 Jan 2001
--Refrigeration equipment:
---Clip-on, integrally mounted or static 10   1 Jan 2001
Salvage Machinery:
--Boilers, vertical 40   1 Jan 2001
--Engine hoisting 40   1 Jan 2001
--Pumps:
---Centrifugal, direct acting, and connections 40   1 Jan 2001
---Duplex boiler feed 40   1 Jan 2001
Stevedoring Plant (coal trimming machines) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001

Table B - Effective lives (Asset Categories)

ASSET LIFE ( YEARS ) REVIEWED DATE OF APPLICATION
A
Advertising Samples and Designs (for decorative steel and iron work) 40   1 Jan 2001
Advertising Signs:
--Billboards (hoarding) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Roller board (moving surface) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Solar powered (real estate signs) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Air-conditioning Plant:
--Central type (including ducting and vents) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Structural alterations and additions associated with the installation of this plant which forms an integral part of it 100   1 Jan 2001
--Room units 10   1 Jan 2001
--Solar energy powered 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Aircraft:
--Aeroplanes and helicopters:
---General use 8   1 Jan 2001
---Used predominantly for agricultural spraying or dusting 4   1 Jan 2001
--Gliders/sailplanes 10   1 Jan 2001
Alarms 20   1 Jan 2001
Amenities Provided For Employees (sanitary ware, etc., forming part of toilet accommodation or washing facilities) 20   1 Jan 2001
Art Works 100   1 Jan 2001
B
Battery Chargers 20   1 Jan 2001
Beverage Dispensing Units:
--Tea and coffee dispensers 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Refrigerated fruit juice dispensers 10   1 Jan 2001
Bicycles 10   1 Jan 2001
Binoculars 10   1 Jan 2001
Boilers 20   1 Jan 2001
Boom Gates 10   1 Jan 2001
Bores 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Boring Drill (rotary mole, underground) 3 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Boring Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Bottle Washing Machine 10   1 Jan 2001
Bowser Machines (including self service) 10   1 Jan 2001
Bowser Tanks (underground) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Buildings:
--To the extent that they form an integral part of plant and machinery:
---Brick, stone or concrete structures 100   1 Jan 2001
---Gantries 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
---Other structures 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Freezing Works:
---Brick, stone or concrete structure 100   1 Jan 2001
---Wholly wooden structure 20   1 Jan 2001
--Primary Production, Forestry and Pearling Industries:
---Non-residential:
----With brick, stone or concrete walls 50   1 Jan 2001
----With wood and/or iron walls 33   1 Jan 2001
Bulk Liquid Bags 3   1 Jan 2001
Bulldozers 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Bundy Machines 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
C
Cables and Wires
--Overhead:
---Bare 50   1 Jan 2001
---Insulated 20   1 Jan 2001
--Underground 50   1 Jan 2001
Cameras:
--Generally (including lenses, electronic flash units, enlargers, etc.) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Used for street photography 4   1 Jan 2001
Caravans:
--Generally 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Used only within the confines of a caravan park 10   1 Jan 2001
Car Parking (hydraulic elevated platforms and hoists including control equipment) 10   1 Jan 2001
Carpets:
--In business places, picture theatres, hotels, etc 5   1 Jan 2001
--In houses let furnished 10   1 Jan 2001
--In professional chambers 10   1 Jan 2001
--In ten-pin bowling centres 4   1 Jan 2001
Cash Registers 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Casks:
--Stainless steel 10   1 Jan 2001
--Other 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Chemical Analyser Equipment (automatic) 10   1 Jan 2001
Chimney Stacks and Flues (concrete stacks in heavy industry qualifying as 'plant') 50   1 Jan 2001
Coffee Making Machines (espresso) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Compressors
--Air and oxygen 20   1 Jan 2001
--Ammonia:
---Horizontal 20   1 Jan 2001
---Vertical 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Computers:
--Generally 4 * 1 Jan 2001
--Free access floors in computer rooms 50   1 Jan 2001
--Laptops 3 * 1 Jan 2001
Concrete Mixers 10   1 Jan 2001
Concrete Transit Mixers (mixing bowl, separate motor and drive mechanism) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Containers (metal, for liquefied petroleum gas) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Cranes:
--Electrical or otherwise 20   1 Jan 2001
--Gantries 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Crates 4   1 Jan 2001
Crushing Plant (stone) 10   1 Jan 2001
Curing Barns (galvanised steel and marine ply) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Curtains and Drapes 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
D
Dams (not being earth tanks) 40   1 Jan 2001
Delivery tube system (air pressure) 10   1 Jan 2001
Docks (floating) 20   1 Jan 2001
Dredges 20   1 Jan 2001
Dictaphones 10   1 Jan 2001
E
Engineering Works Machinery Installed 20   1 Jan 2001
Engines 20   1 Jan 2001
Escalators (machinery and their moving parts) 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
F
Fences:
--Electric 20   1 Jan 2001
--Wire mesh (demountable used for partitioning purposes) 20   1 Jan 2001
Fire Control and Alarm Systems:
--Alarm, hoses and nozzles 20   1 Jan 2001
--Automatic fire sprinklers 20   1 Jan 2001
--Fire extinguishers 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Water services 50   1 Jan 2001
Floor Coverings (linoleum and vinyl) 10   1 Jan 2001
Fogging Machines (insecticide) 8   1 Jan 2001
Foundation of plant and machinery which forms an integral part of the plant and machinery 50   1 Jan 2001
Furniture and Fittings 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
G
Galvanised Plant 10   1 Jan 2001
Garbage Bins 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Gas Cylinders LPG 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Generators (steam, electric) 20   1 Jan 2001
Grinding Machine (surface) 10   1 Jan 2001
H
Hand Dryers (electrically operated) 10   1 Jan 2001
Heating Units (electronic) 10   1 Jan 2001
Hot Water Installations (on whole installation including boilers and, where installed, pumps) 20   1 Jan 2001
I
Ice-making Machinery:
--Condensers 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Expansion pipes 40   1 Jan 2001
--General machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Ice moulds 5   1 Jan 2001
Imprinters (charge card) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Incinerettes (gas or electrically fired) 20   1 Jan 2001
Industrial Sweeper 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Industrial Trailers (relocatable) 10   1 Jan 2001
Intercom System (pipe-in music system) 8 1/3   1 Jan 2001
J
Jet Ski 4   1 Jan 2001
Jetties (boat shed) 40   1 Jan 2001
Judges' Robes:
--Court dress for ceremonial occasions 5   1 Jan 2001
--Other robes 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
K
Kilns:
--Brick 20   1 Jan 2001
--Charcoal burning 20   1 Jan 2001
--Rapid fire shuttle type (used in the manufacture of ceramic tiles) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
L
Laboratory Equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Laser Beam Construction Tools 10   1 Jan 2001
Laser Cutting Machine:
--Workhandler 10   1 Jan 2001
--Industrial laser 5   1 Jan 2001
--CNC control 5   1 Jan 2001
--Water chiller 5   1 Jan 2001
Laser Typesetting 5   1 Jan 2001
Lathes:
--Computer controlled 10   1 Jan 2001
--Engineering works (machinery installed) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Wood working plant 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Lawn Mower:
--Motor 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Self propelled 5   1 Jan 2001
Lens (optical) 10   1 Jan 2001
Letter Boxes (aluminium, nylon, brass) 40   1 Jan 2001
Library (professional) 10   1 Jan 2001
Lift:
--Boom 3   1 Jan 2001
--Scissor 3   1 Jan 2001
Lifts and Elevators:
--Electric 16 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Hydraulic 20   1 Jan 2001
Lighting Control System (microprocessor based) 5   1 Jan 2001
Lighting Plant (electric) 20   1 Jan 2001
Lighting System (fluorescent) 20   1 Jan 2001
Livestock (working beasts, beasts of burden in business other than Primary Production and Camels) 10   1 Jan 2001
M
Marinas (floating) 20   1 Jan 2001
Mini Lab 10   1 Jan 2001
Mini Spot Console 10   1 Jan 2001
Modular Switching System 10   1 Jan 2001
Motor Vehicles, etc:
--Buses, lorries and trucks;
---Generally 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Heavy haulage of goods or passengers (long distance and inter-city) 5   1 Jan 2001
---Heavy haulage (mining, building and construction and road making industries) 5   1 Jan 2001
--Cars (motor vehicles designed to carry a load of less than one tonne or fewer than 9 passengers):
---Generally 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
---Hire and travellers' cars 5   1 Jan 2001
---Taxis 4   1 Jan 2001
--Fork-lifters, automatic loaders, transporters and front-end loaders 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Motor cycles and scooters 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Multi-Tray Units 3   1 Jan 2001
Musical Instruments, etc:
--Associated portable equipment (including amplifiers, microphones, speakers, mixers and music stands) 6 2/3 * 1 Jan 2001
--Brass 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Keyboard (Acoustic) 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Keyboard (Electric) 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Percussion 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Stringed 10 * 1 Jan 2001
--Woodwind 10 * 1 Jan 2001
'Music While You Work' System 10   1 Jan 2001
N
Neon Sign 20   1 Jan 2001
O
Office Machines and Equipment:
--Calculators 10   1 Jan 2001
--Dictaphones 10   1 Jan 2001
--Electronic whiteboard 6 * 1 Jan 2001
--Enveloping machine 6 * 1 Jan 2001
--Facsimile machine 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Letter Inserter (automatic) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Mailing machine 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Multi function machine (includes fax, copy, print and scan function) 5 * 1 Jan 2001
--Photo copying machines 5 * 1 Jan 2001
Ovens:
--Hotel industry 20   1 Jan 2001
--Microwave 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Oxygen Acetylene Plant 20   1 Jan 2001
P
Packing Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Paging and Public Address Systems 10   1 Jan 2001
Painting equipment (airless spray) 10   1 Jan 2001
Paint-tinting and Colour Blending Machines 5   1 Jan 2001
Parachute 3   1 Jan 2001
Partitions (demountable) 20   1 Jan 2001
Pentex Total Station 5   1 Jan 2001
Plants:
--Live (indoor) 5   1 Jan 2001
--Simulated 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Poles:
--Steel (set in concrete) 40   1 Jan 2001
--Wooden:
---Set in concrete 20   1 Jan 2001
---Not set in concrete 10   1 Jan 2001
Pontoons (floating) 40   1 Jan 2001
Portable Toilet 10   1 Jan 2001
Powder Coating Machine 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Power Tools (hand operated) 5   1 Jan 2001
Projectors 10   1 Jan 2001
Pumps 20   1 Jan 2001
Punts 20   1 Jan 2001
R
Racks 10   1 Jan 2001
Radio Sets:
--Generally 10   1 Jan 2001
--Two-way radios and transceivers 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Refrigerating Plant and Machinery :
--Cold rooms (prefabricated with stressed skin panels) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Condenser pipes 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Cork board for insulating cold storage chambers 20   1 Jan 2001
--Expansion pipes 40   1 Jan 2001
--General machinery 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Refrigeration (freezing) units (including compressors for shops) 10   1 Jan 2001
Refrigerators 20   1 Jan 2001
Regeneration (acid) Unit 10   1 Jan 2001
Robots (industrial) 10   1 Jan 2001
S
Saddlery and Harness 10   1 Jan 2001
Sale Yards (stock and station agents) 20   1 Jan 2001
Sand/Coating System 10   1 Jan 2001
Sauna and Spa (prefabricated type) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Saws (chain) 3   1 Jan 2001
Scaffolding 10   1 Jan 2001
Scales (platform) 20   1 Jan 2001
Security Systems:
--Bullet resistant screens (not forming part of the building) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Burglar alarms 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Camera scanning (of type used in large retail establishments) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Electronic tags (releases - retail stores) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Sewing Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Shafting 20   1 Jan 2001
Sheds:
--Portable (nomadic type industry) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Humidification 20   1 Jan 2001
Signs 20   1 Jan 2001
Silos:
--Cement Storage 66 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Bulk handling industry (used on a continuous basis to store different grains for short periods):
---Concrete construction 50   1 Jan 2001
---Steel construction 20   1 Jan 2001
---Ancillary mechanical equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Slips and Standing Ways 20   1 Jan 2001
Slitting Machine 20   1 Jan 2001
Sonar Supersonic Equipment (similar to seismic equipment) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Sound Processing System (electronic digital) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Spa (fibreglass) 20   1 Jan 2001
Spectrometer (computerised x-ray system for mineral analysis) 10   1 Jan 2001
Spray Booth 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Standards:
--Iron or steel (including brackets, crossarms, etc) 40   1 Jan 2001
--Concrete, brick or stone 100   1 Jan 2001
Steam Cleaners 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Strapping Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Strongrooms (demountable) and strongroom doors 100   1 Jan 2001
Stuffed Crocodiles 20   1 Jan 2001
Suitcase 10   1 Jan 2001
Swimming Pools:
--Above-ground 10   1 Jan 2001
--Concrete 50   1 Jan 2001
--Fibreglass 20   1 Jan 2001
--Filtration equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Other equipment 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Synthetic Lawn Surface 10   1 Jan 2001
T
Tanks:
--Galvanised Iron:
---Bore water 10   1 Jan 2001
---Rain water 20   1 Jan 2001
--Reinforced concrete or masonry 50   1 Jan 2001
--Underground 50   1 Jan 2001
Tank Stands:
--Brick, stone or concrete 50   1 Jan 2001
--Wood and/or iron 33 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Tape Recorders 10   1 Jan 2001
Tarpaulins (canvas or plastic) 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Telephone Installations:
--Answering machines 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Car phone 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Cellular mobile 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Complete telephone system (comprising switchboards, instruments, cables etc) 20   1 Jan 2001
--Computerised PABX equipment 20   1 Jan 2001
--Public telephones 10   1 Jan 2001
--Reservation system (data print) 20   1 Jan 2001
Television Receivers:
--Generally 10   1 Jan 2001
--Used for hire 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Ticket Issuing Machines (public transport) 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
Tools (loose) 5   1 Jan 2001
Traction Engines (oil or wood fuel) 10   1 Jan 2001
Tractors 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Trailers 10   1 Jan 2001
Transport Cases (steel) 10   1 Jan 2001
Turnstiles 20   1 Jan 2001
V
Vacuum Cleaners (electric) 10   1 Jan 2001
Video:
--Game machines 5   1 Jan 2001
--Video juke boxes 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Other 10   1 Jan 2001
W
Washing Machines 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
Waste Storage and Disposal Bins (industrial) 10   1 Jan 2001
Weighbridges 25   1 Jan 2001
Weighing Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
Welding Plant:
--Automatic (used at sea on construction of a submarine pipeline) 10   1 Jan 2001
--Generally 20   1 Jan 2001
Wells 40   1 Jan 2001
Wharves 40   1 Jan 2001
Wheelbarrows 10   1 Jan 2001
Windmills 20   1 Jan 2001
Wrapping Machines 10   1 Jan 2001
X
X-Ray and High Frequency Current Plant (including screening of apparatus to suppress radio interference):
--General 13 1/3   1 Jan 2001
--Image intensifier with TV chain and recording unit 6 2/3   1 Jan 2001
--Associated equipment 10   1 Jan 2001
--Portable units 10   1 Jan 2001
--Processor and daylight loading equipment 10   1 Jan 2001

Table C - No effective life set

  Acquired Pre-27/2/92 Acquired Post-26/2/92
  Prime Cost % Diminish Value % Prime Cost % Diminish Value %
A  
Aircraft Industry :  
-- Hangar buildings NIL
B  
Boarding House Plant and Equipment :  
-- Plumbing fixtures, sinks, baths, etc NIL
Boats, Ships, Lighters, etc :  
-- Boat sheds NIL
Boot and Shoe-making Machinery :  
-- Machinery and general plant:  
--- Leased by taxpayer NIL
Brickmaking Plant :  
-- Drying sheds NIL
Buildings :  
- (b) which do not form integral parts of plant and machinery (including magazines for storing explosives) NIL
C  
Chimney Stacks and Flues :  
-- Integral part of building NIL
D  
Designs used in Jacquard Looms NIL
E  
Electrical Machinery and Equipment :  
-- Chimney flues NIL
Electric Railway :  
-- Feeder Station (housing switchgear) No depreciation not plant
Experimental Plant NIL
Explosive, Magazines used or storage of NIL
F  
Fences :  
-- Generally (but see primary industries) NIL
Films, Cinematograph NIL
G  
Gas-making Plant :  
-- Buildings:  
--- Other buildings NIL
-- Coal stores:  
--- Being open air stores, consisting of brick or concrete walls, without roofs or without plant or machinery built into the walls NIL
-- Excavations:  
--- for levelling purposes only NIL
--- to construct roadways NIL
--- tar holding tanks, not containing any building plant NIL
--- for accommodating machinery required to be erected below the ordinary ground level  
---- Reinforced concrete lined NIL
-- Fences NIL
-- Retaining walls NIL
-- Roads NIL
-- Tramways:  
--- Ground tramways . NIL
Glass Bottle Manufacturing Plant :  
-- Chimney stacks NIL
H  
Houses and Flats Let Furnished :  
-- Sun louvres NIL
L  
Lift Well and other Structural Alterations NIL
Lion Park :  
-- Workshop, fences, cement floor NIL
Live Stock :  
-- Dairy cattle NIL
-- Stud stock NIL
-- Working beasts and beasts of burden:  
--- In business of Primary Production to be included in the Livestock Schedule  
Louvres (sun) - over building NIL
M  
Motor Garage Equipment :  
-- Pits NIL
Motor Vehicles, etc :  
-- Radio sets installed in vehicle - regard as part of the vehicle for depreciation purposes  
N  
Newsreel Equipment used to produce Sound - Newsreels :  
-- Lenses NIL
O  
P  
Permanent Way (on application) 7 10
Primary Industries, Farmers', etc, Plant :  
-- Earth tanks NIL
-- Tanks, earth (being substantially excavations) NIL
R  
Radium NIL
Railways :  
-- Permanent way - (on application) 7 10
S  
Safes, Bank :  
-- Other NIL
Sidings NIL
Skating Rink, Plant, etc :  
-- Floors NIL
Squash Courts NIL
Sun Louvres NIL
T  
Tanks  
-- Earth NIL
Tennis Court Equipment :  
-- Tennis court:  
--- Other NIL
Theatre, Picture Theatre, etc, Plant and Equipment :  
-- Acoustic plaster shells in theatre buildings NIL
-- Drive-in theatres:  
--- Bio box buildings NIL
--- Electric substation buildings NIL
--- Surfacing NIL
-- Films, whether in stock or in use NIL

Table D - Replacements

  LIFE (YEARS) Acquired Pre-27/2/92 Acquired Post-26/2/92
A   Prime Cost % Diminish Value % Prime Cost % Diminish Value %
Aerated Water Plant:  
-- Bottles stoppers, siphons   Replacement
-- Boxes, cases, etc, for siphons and bottles   Replacement
Aircraft Industry:  
-- Loose tools   Replacement
Amusement Machines and Equipment:  
-- Pin tables   Replacement
B  
Bands:  
-- Sheet music   Replacement
Bedding, Linen, Crockery, etc. (Hospitals, Hotels and Boarding Houses)   Replacement
Belting, ordinary - Where an essential part of a particular machine   Replacement
Boarding House Plant and Equipment:  
-- Bedding   Replacement
-- Crockery, cutlery, glassware and cooking utensils   Replacement
-- Linen   Replacement
Boats, Ships, Lighters, etc. (See explanatory notes re 'Fishing Industry and Australian Trading Ships):  
-- Sails, oars, running gear, etc   Replacement
Boot and Shoe-making Machinery:  
-- Lasts   Replacement
Bowling Centres - Plant and Equipment:  
-- Bowling pins   Replacement
-- Hire shoes   Replacement
Broom and Brush - Manufacturing Plant:  
-- Tools and dies (see also 'Dies')   Replacement
Building and Construction Industry:  
-- General plant:  
--- Bending machines (bar, angle or rod) 10 12 18 17 25
    or Replacement
--- Chain blocks, rod shears, jacks, etc 15 9 13.5 13 20
    or Replacement
-- Concreting plant:  
--- Hoppers, skips and hoist buckets 10 12 18 17 25
    or Replacement
--- Rickshaws or dump carts (hand operated) 10 12 18 17 25
    or Replacement
-- Levels, dumpy, etc 15 9 13.5 13 20
    or Replacement
-- Loose tools and equipment 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
-- Power tools, hand operated: - Electric, pneumatic or powder 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
Butter Factory Plant:  
-- General plant:  
--- Loose tools   Replacement
--- Tramway rails -wood or iron   Replacement
-- Power transmission:  
--- Belting   Replacement
C  
Catering Plant (crockery, cutlery and cooking utensils)   Replacement
Chutes   Replacement
Clerical Robes and Vestments   Replacement
Colliery and Coal Mining Plant:  
-- Anchors, mooring chains and breast chains   Replacement
-- Sidings, chutes and shafts, if privately owned by taxpayer claiming depreciation   Replacement
Costume Stands   Replacement
Cyanide Vat (galvanised iron)   Replacement
D  
Dies (see 'Metal Forming Plant' and 'Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Plant'):  
-- Generally   Replacement
-- Plastics industry 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Dentists' Plant:  
-- High speed equipment:  
--- Air operated dental drilling equipment 10 12 18 17 25
(Replacements allowable in respect of handpieces and handpiece parts.)  
-- Instruments and plant (other than high speed equipment) 20 6 9 13 20
[NOTE: If the taxpayer so desires, the cost of Replacements of drills or burrs may be allowed in lieu of depreciation on those items.]  
Doctors' Instruments (see also 'Medical Practitioners' Plant')   Replacement
Dunnage   Replacement
E  
Electrical Machinery and Equipment:  
-- Hand tools and loose plant   Replacement
-- Lamps:  
--- Incandescent   Replacement
-- Loose plant   Replacement
-- Power tools, hand operated 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
Electric Signs (see also `Neon Signs')   Replacement
F  
Fishing Plant (see also 'Boats, Ships, Lighters, etc.'):  
-- Sails, oars, running gear, nets   Replacement
Foundation for Stacks   Replacement
Foundry Plant:  
-- Loose tools   Replacement
Furnaces and Flues (Assay work)   Replacement
G  
Galvanised Iron for Roofing Stacks   Replacement
Galvanised Iron Vats (cyanide)   Replacement
Gas-making Plant:  
-- Chains and buckets or grates for cranes   Replacement
-- Gas testing apparatus:  
--- Glassware   Replacement
-- Machine tools and hand Tools:  
--- Loose hand tools   Replacement
-- Telpher plant:  
--- Coke bins   Replacement
--- Power rods   Replacement
-- Tools:  
--- Loose hand tools   Replacement
Gelatine and Glue Manufacturing Plant:  
-- Drying trays   Replacement
Gramophone Records used by - Broadcasting Companies 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
H  
Horse Rugs   Replacement
Hospitals (see also 'Medical Practitioners' Plant'):  
-- Bedding, linen, crockery, etc   Replacement
Hotel, Motel, Boarding House and Restaurant Plant and Equipment:  
-- Bedding   Replacement
-- Crockery, cutlery, glassware and cooking utensils   Replacement
-- Linen   Replacement
Houses and Flats Let Furnished:  
-- Bedding   Replacement
-- Crockery, cutlery, glassware, cooking utensils   Replacement
-- Linen   Replacement
J  
Jewellers' Plant:  
-- Dies (see also note under 'Dies')   Replacement
-- Fittings - window pads, trays and jewel cases   Replacement
Jigs (see also 'Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Plant')   Replacement
Jockeys' Equipment - saddles, whips, boots, etc   Replacement
K  
Kilns:  
-- Sand stone (Prickly Pear poison plant)   Replacement
L  
Linotype Metal (see also 'Printers' Plant')   Replacement
Loose Tools (see also 'Building and Construction Industry')   Replacement
M  
Maltsters' Plant:  
-- Steel floors   Replacement
Materials Handling Plant and Equipment:  
-- Slings (rope or steel wire)   Replacement
Medical Practitioners' Plant:  
-- Instruments   Replacement
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Plant:  
-- Drills, reamers, cutters and other short life tools   Replacement
Moulds - used in Plastic Industry:  
-- Swimming pool fibreglass   Replacement
Musical Instruments, etc:  
-- Sheet music   Replacement
P  
Patterns:  
-- Generally   Replacement
Pearling and Oyster Fishing Plant:  
-- Diving gear (diving dresses and air pipers)   Replacement
-- Running gear, sails, etc   Replacement
Plastic Industry:  
-- Dies 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Power Tools (hand operated) 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
Primary Industries, Farmers', etc, Plant:  
-- Greenhouse 'igloo' components:  
--- Polythene and ground level plastic   Replacement
--- Timber framing   Replacement
-- Hop growers' plant:  
--- Framed, breakwinds, wooden troughing   Replacement
-- Horse rugs   Replacement
-- Peanut blanching plant:  
--- Pal boxes 3 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
-- Poultry farmers' plant:  
--- Egg boxes and fillers   Replacement
-- Stable implements   Replacement
-- Tanks, butter milk (used in pig-farming industry)   Replacement
-- Wheat stacks - Galvanised iron, hessian and timber   Replacement
Printers' Plant and Machinery (see also 'Bookbinding Plant'):  
-- Linotype metal   Replacement
-- Stereos and blocks   Replacement
R  
Radio Broadcasting Equipment (see also 'Electrical Machinery and Equipment'):  
-- Gramophone records 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Records (Gramophone), used by Broadcasting Companies 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Robes:  
-- Clerical robes and vestments   Replacement
Rolling Stock:  
-- Ropes   Replacement
Rugs, horse   Replacement
S  
Salvage Machinery:  
-- Anchors, blocks, shackles, wire ropes, chains, buoys and other gear for salvage work   Replacement
-- Diving gear:  
--- Diving dresses and air pipes   Replacement
-- Piping, for pumps   Replacement
-- Piping, steam   Replacement
Sanitary Contractors' Plant (cans and lids)   Replacement
Scenery, Theatrical (see also 'Theatre')   Replacement
Shops:  
-- Costume stands   Replacement
Skating Rink, Plant, etc:  
-- Hired ice skating boots 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
Slings (see also 'Materials Handling Plant and Equipment'):  
-- Rope or steel wire   Replacement
Stable Implements   Replacement
Stands for costumes   Replacement
Steel Rolls for rolling steel window frames   Replacement
Stevedoring Plant (see also 'Boats' and 'Materials Handling Plant and Equipment')   Replacement
Surveyors' Instruments:  
-- Other small instruments, chains, tapes, etc.   Replacement
Syphons, Stoppers, Bottles, etc   Replacement
T  
Tarpaulins:  
-- Tarred hessian   Replacement
Television antennae (owned or hired)   Replacement
Tennis Court Equipment:  
-- Equipment (hose, nets, stop-netting, matting, greencloth and electrical fittings)   Replacement
Tents, Ropes and locks   Replacement
Theatre, Picture Theatre, etc, Plant and Equipment (see also 'Newsreel Equipment'):  
-- Scenery, theatrical   Replacement
-- Small articles   Replacement
Tile Manufacturing Plant - Cement:  
-- Pallets (aluminium used in extrusion process) 5 24 36 27 40
    or Replacement
Timber, Firewood and Sawmilling Plant:  
-- Telephone lines:  
--- Cables and materials, including other portions of system   Replacement
Tools (loose)   Replacement
Trade Utensils   Replacement
V  
Vats, cyanide (galvanised iron)   Replacement
W  
Watchmakers' Plant:  
-- Loose tools   Replacement
Wheat Stacks - galvanised iron, hessian and timber   Replacement

Table E - Statutory rates

  LIFE (YEARS) Acquired Pre-27/2/92 Acquired Post-26/2/92
A   Prime Cost % Diminish Value % Prime Cost % Diminish Value %
Amenities Provided for Employees (See Explanatory Notes under the heading of 'Employees Amenities and other Facilities')  
-- Fittings and fixtures:  
-- General N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50
-- Plumbing  
--- forming part of plant or equipment of cafeteria, kitchen, dining, mess, recreation or rest rooms, etc. N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50
-- Plant and equipment used in providing meals or facilities for meals for employees N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50
F  
Fittings and fixtures in - Cafeteria, Rest, Recreation and Locker Rooms Provided for Employees (see also 'Amenities') N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50
R  
Research Plant, scientific including pilot plant (see also s. 73B) N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50
S  
Scientific Research Plant, including pilot plant (see also s. 73B) N/A 33 1/3 50 33 50

Table F - Redundancies

  LIFE (YEARS) Acquired Pre-27/2/92 Acquired Post-26/2/92
A   Prime Cost % Diminish Value % Prime Cost % Diminish Value %
Accounting Machines 10 12 18 17 25
Adding Machines 10 12 18 17 25
Amusement Machines and Equipment:  
-- Astropin 10 12 18 17 25
-- Gramophone 10 12 18 17 25
-- Luna Beetle 3 40 60 40 60
-- Midget Cars:  
--- Cars 3 40 60 40 60
--- Racing track 10 12 18 17 25
--Model steam trains, permanent way and other equipment for carrying passengers 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Moon-Tripper 10 12 18 17 25
-- Scooter boats:  
--- Boats, including internal electric motors and trolley rods 3 40 60 40 60
--- Electrical and structural equipment providing power to drive the boats and structural equipment to accommodate them in the water pond 20 6 9 13 20
-- Skating surface synthetic (Newice panels) 10 12 18 17 25
-- Surfoplanes (rubber surf shooters) 2 100 100 100 100
B  
Bands
-- Uniforms 10 12 18 17 25
Battery (Dry) Manufacturing Plant:  
-- Bobbin tamping machines 20 6 9 13 20
-- Cathode filling machines:  
--- Not subject to chemical action 20 6 9 13 20
--- Subject to chemical action 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Cathode mixing machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Cooking baths 20 6 9 13 20
-- Dolly making machines:  
--- High-built type 20 6 9 13 20
--- Low-built type 10 12 18 17 25
-- Powdering barrel mills 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Rock crushing machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Sifting machines (disintegrators) 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Stamper machine tools 20 6 9 13 20
-- Wetness testing machines 15 9 13.5 13 20
--Wrapping machines and associated appliances 20 6 9 13 20
Bicycles:  
-- Motor 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
Biographs 10 12 18 17 25
Bitument Laminating, Paper Combining and Reinforcing Plant 20 6 9 13 20
Blind Aid Optacon Model R20 7 18 27 20 30
Blue Manufacturing Plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
Bonemilling Plant: 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Cage mills 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Steam vats 20 6 9 13 20
Brewery Plant:  
-- Carts and horse-drawn lorries 10 12 18 17 25
Building and Construction Industry:  
-- Concreting plant:  
--- Rickshaws or dump carts (hand operated) 10 12 18 17 25
Butter Factory Plant:  
-- General plant:  
---Ammonia condensing coils 8 18 27 20 30
---Conveyors - chain for conveying boxed butter 20 6 9 13 20
---Curing barns bulk 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Engineers repair shop and blacksmiths forges, lathes, drilling machines, etc. 20 6 9 13 20
--- Ice moulds 5 24 36 27 40
---Launches 20 6 9 13 20
---Motor lorries for collecting cream cans:  
---- Designed to carry 1 tonne or more 5 24 36 27 40
---- Designed to carry less than 1 tonne 5 20 30 20 30
--- Wharves 40 3 4.5 7 10
--- Windlasses 20 6 9 13 20
-- Manufacturing and treating plant:  
--- Ammonia coils for cooling chambers 10 12 18 17 25
--- Can-washing machines 10 12 18 17 25
--- Steam troughs, etc, for cleansing cans 20 6 9 13 20
-- Power plant:  
--- Diesel engines 20 5 9 13 20
--- Electric generators and motors, etc 20 6 9 13 20
--- Steam boilers 20 6 9 13 20
--- Steam engines 20 6 9 13 20
-- Power transmission:  
--- Conveyors 20 6 9 13 20
--- Piping 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Shafting and pulleys 20 6 9 13 20
C  
Carts used by brewers and other tradesmen 10 12 18 17 25
Charcoal Burning Kilns 20 6 9 13 20
Cinema Machines - Coin Operated 10 12 18 17 25
Cinematographs 10 12 18 17 25
City Guide Systems 8 18 27 20 30
Cleaners' Plant:  
-- Carpet beating machines 15 9 13.5 13 20
--Electronic motors for driving carpet beating machines 20 6 9 13 20
White Work Manufacturing Plant: (Clothing, Millinery to stay)  
-- Sewing machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Other plant 20 6 9 13 20
Colliery and Coal Mining Plant:  
-- Shovels:  
--- Steam 20 6 9 13 20
Commercial Travellers' Outfits - Tin sample boxes and leather bags 8 18 27 20 30
D  
Drays and Wagons used on Farms and Stations 10 12 18 17 25
Duplicating Machines 10 12 18 17 25
E  
Electrical Machinery and Equipment:  
-- dynamos, rotary converters (see alternators etc. alternators & motor generators to stay) 20 6 9 13 20
-- Dynamos 20 6 9 13 20
-- Lamps:  
--- Arc 10 12 18 17 25
-- Rotary convertors 20 6 9 13 20
F  
Fruit-growers' Plant (see also 'Primary Industries'):  
-- Glass houses:  
--- Timber-framed 20 6 9 13 20
G  
Gas-making Plant: [NOTE: Optional alternative rates are listed at the conclusion of this item.]  
-- Boilers 20 6 9 13 20
-- Buildings:  
--- Retort houses, coal stores (see 'Retort Houses')  
-- Coal crushers 20 6 9 13 20
-- Coal stores:  
--- Being stores enclosed by brick or steel walls and a roof and containing tramways, coal conveyors, coal elevators and coal breakers (see 'Retort Houses')  
-- Coal wagons (post-12.3.91 Plant) 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Coke handling and screening Plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Coke wagons 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Condensers:  
--- Exposed type 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Enclosed 33 6 9 7 10
-- Cranes 20 6 9 13 20
-- Electric motors 20 6 9 13 20
--Engines, steam engines, electric motors, gas engines, gas exhausters and lowers, hydraulic power plant 20 6 9 13 20
-- Excavations:  
--- to accommodate plant or machinery such as brick or metal lined underground tanks containing plant for automatically dealing with tar and ammoniacal liquors (on lining and plant only) 33 6 9 7 10
--- for accommodating machinery required to be erected below the ordinary ground level  
---- Metal lined 33 6 9 7 10
-- Furniture and fittings office) 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Gas engines 20 6 9 13 20
-- Gas exhausters and lowers 20 6 9 13 20
-- Gas and water fittings 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Gas holders 33 6 9 7 10
-- Gas mains 50 3 4.5 7 10
-- Gas testing apparatus:  
--- Mechanism 33 6 9 7 10
-- Hydraulic power plant 20 6 9 13 20
-- Machine tools and hand Tools:  
--- Machine tools 20 6 9 13 20
-- Meters:  
--- Wet 40 3 4.5 7 10
--- Dry 25 6 9 13 20
-- Meter testing apparatus 33 6 9 7 10
-- Motor vehicles:  
--- Cars (other than travellers') and cycles 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
--- Cars used by travellers 5 20 30 20 30
--- Wagons and lorries  
---- Designed to carry 1 tonne or more 7 18 27 20 30
---- Designed to carry less than 1 tonne 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
-- Prepayment fittings 10 12 18 17 25
-- Pressure regulators, or governors and distributing meters 33 6 9 7 10
-- Pumps 20 0 6 9 13 20
-- Purifiers 33 6 9 7 10
-- Retorts:  
--- Horizontal and inclined (plus Replacements of retort cores and settings) 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Vertical (plus repairs but not including Replacements) 7 18 27 20 30
--Retort houses and machinery and coal stores associated herewith:  
--- Charging and discharging machines  
--- for horizontal retorts 10 12 18 17 25
--- for inclined retorts 13 12 18 13 20
--- Coke conveyors, not including driving gears 5 24 36 27 40
--- Coke wagons 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Driving gears 10 12 18 17 25
-- Retort house walls and smoke tack 50 3 4.5 7 10
-- Retort benches 16 9 13.5 13 20
-- Scrubbers 33 6 9 7 10
-- Service pipes 20 6 9 13 20
-- Station meters 40 3 4.5 7 10
-- Steam engines 20 6 9 13 20
-- Steam locomotives 20 6 9 13 20
-- Street lamp columns and lanterns 40 3 4.5 7 10
-- Sulphate plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Tar extractors:  
--- Stationary 40 3 4.5 7 10
--- Rotary 20 6 9 13 20
-- Tar mixing plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Tar refining and distillation Plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Telpher plant:  
--- Structural steel rests for tramways 33 6 9 7 10
--- Spiral elevators 10 12 18 17 25
--- Motor truck 20 6 9 13 20
-- Tools:  
--- Machine tools 20 6 9 13 20
-- Tramways:  
--- Overhead tramways 33 6 9 7 10
--(Replacements of rails, sleepers, points and crossing, etc, are allowables incurred.)  
-- Washers:  
--- Livesey washers 50 3 4.5 7 10
--- Other kinds 33 6 9 7 10
-- Water fittings 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Water gas plant 20 6 9 13 20
-- Water tanks 20 6 9 13 20
-- Weighing machines 20 6 9 13 20
-- Wharves 20 6 9 13 20
Gas-making Plant, Optional Rates: (At the option of the taxpayer, an overall period of 20 years may be adopted for all items of plant and machinery, other than the items specified below, to which the periods shown shall be applied.)  
-- Furniture 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Mains 50 3 4.5 7 10
-- Meters:  
--- Dry 25 6 9 13 20
--- Wet 40 3 4.5 7 10
-- Motor vehicles:  
--- Cars (other than travellers') and cycles 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
--- Cars used by travellers 5 20 30 20 30
--- Wagons and lorries  
---- designed to carry more than 1 tonne 7 18 27 20 30
---- designed to carry less than 1 tonne 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
-- Prepayment fittings 10 12 18 17 25
-- Retorts:  
--- Horizontal and inclined - plus Replacements of retort cores and settings 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Vertical - plus repairs but not including Replacements 7 18 27 20 30
-- Service pipes 20 6 9 13 20
-- Wharves 20 6 9 13 20
Glass Houses ( Fruitgrowers' and Market Gardeners' ):  
-- Timber framed 20 6 9 13 20
Gramophone 10 12 18 17 25
Gramophone Records used by - Broadcasting Companies 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Gramophone Record Presses 10 12 18 17 25
H  
Hotel, Motel, Boarding House and Restaurant Plant and Equipment:  
-- Soda water fountains 15 9 13.5 13 20
Houses and Flats Let Furnished:  
-- Gas coppers 20 6 9 13 20
K  
Kilns:  
-- Charcoal burning 20 6 9 13 20
L  
Letter Boxes :  
-- Private, polycarbonate 15 9 13.5 13 20
M  
Match Factory Plant 20 6 9 13 20
Milk Treatment Plant  
-- Bottling plant  
--- Stacker cranes 10 12 18 17 25
Musical instruments , etc :  
-- Pianolas 10 12 18 17 25
-- Music rolls (pianolas) 7 18 27 20 30
N  
Needle Loom Machine 10 12 18 17 25
Newsreel Equipment used to produce Sound - Newsreels :  
-- Arc lamps 10 12 18 17 25
-- Biographs 10 12 18 17 25
-- Cameras:  
--- Silent 20 6 9 13 20
O  
Office Machines and Equipment :  
-- Accounting machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Adding machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Cash registers:  
--- General 10 12 18 147 25
-- Duplicating machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Typewriters 10 12 18 17 25
Optacon - Reading Device for the Blind 7 18 27 20 30
Optacon ( model Ric ) 7 18 27 20 30
P  
Pearling and Oyster Fishing Plant :  
-- Helmets and corselets 10 12 18 17 25
Phonograph Record Presses 10 12 18 17 25
Photo Engraving Plant :  
-- Electric burning-in ovens 10 12 18 17 25
Primary Industries , Farmers' , etc , Plant :  
-- Drays, wagons, buggies and sulkies 10 12 18 17 25
-- Glass Houses:  
--- Timber-framed 20 6 9 13 20
-- Traction engines (oil or wood fuel) 10 12 18 17 25
R  
Radiograms 10 12 18 17 25
Radio Broadcasting Equipment ( see also 'Electrical Machinery and Equipment' ):  
-- Gramophone records 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
-- Masts:  
--- Wooden 15 9 13.5 13 20
Record ( disc ) Presses - Gramophone 10 12 18 17 25
Records (Gramophone), used by Broadcasting Companies 4 40 60 40 60
    or Replacement
Rolling Stock:  
-- Used on timber-getters railways 10 12 18 17 25
S  
Salvage Machinery :  
-- Diving gear:  
--- Helmets and corselets 10 12 18 17 25
Shovels ( see also 'Building and Construction Industry' ):  
-- Steam 20 6 9 13 20
Skating Rink , Plant , etc :  
-- Surface - synthetic 'newice' panels 10 12 18 17 25
Soda Water Fountains 15 9 13.5 13 20
Space Invaders Machine 5 24 36 27 40
T  
Theatre , Picture Theatre , etc , Plant and Equipment ( see also 'Newsreel Equipment' ):  
-- Chandeliers 20 6 9 13 20
-- Cinematographs and biographs 10 12 18 17 25
-- Cloths, etc 20 6 9 13 20
-- Drive-in theatres:  
--- Electrical installations, including poles or standards, switchgear, generators, fluorescent light units, wiring for internal lighting of buildings, electric fittings, etc 20 6 9 13 20
--- Furniture, seating, playground equipment, cafeteria furniture, etc 15 9 13.5 13 20
--- Listening units, including posts or standards, wiring and speaker equipment 10 12 18 17 25
--- Motor trucks  
---- Designed to carry 1 tonne or more 7 18 27 20 30
---- Designed to carry less than 1 tonne 7 15 22.5 15 22.5
--- Screens  
---- Steel framed 20 6 9 13 20
---- Wooden framed 15 9 13.5 13 20
Timber , Firewood and Sawmilling Plant :  
-- Cottage Furniture 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Electric light fittings 20 6 9 13 20
-- Electric Motors 20 6 9 13 20
-- Engines and boilers 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Drays, carts, etc 10 12 18 17 25
-- Dumping plant 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Harness used for heavy haulage 7 18 27 20 30
-- Live stock:  
--- Draught horses 5 24 36 27 40
--- Hacks 10 12 18 17 25
--- Bullocks 10 12 18 17 25
-- Locomotives 20 6 9 13 20
-- Locomotives, on bush railways 10 12 18 17 25
-- Log hauling plant 5 24 36 27 40
-- Plant and machinery 10 12 18 17 25
-- Railway rolling stock 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Steam radiators 20 6 9 13 nbsp;
-- Telephone lines:  
--- Instruments 20 6 9 13 20
-- Water conservation (piping, windmills, pumping machinery) 20 6 9 13 20
-- Trucks on bush railways 15 9 13.5 13 20
-- Whims 7 18 27 20 30
Traction Engines ( oil or wood fuel ) 10 12 18 17 25
Travellers' outfits - Tin sample boxes and leather bags 8 18 27 20 30
Typewriters 10 12 18 17 25
W  
Wagons and Drays used on Farms and Stations 10 12 18 17 25
Whiteworking Plant :  
-- Sewing machines 10 12 18 17 25
-- Other 20 6 9 13 20
Word processing machines and text editing machines 5 24 36 27 40

Previously issued in draft form as TR2000/D7

References

ATO references:
NO 99/13202-7; T2000/20567

ISSN: 1039-073

Related Rulings/Determinations:

TR 2000/18A11
TR 2000/18A10
TR 2000/18A9
TR 2000/18A8
TR 2000/18A7
TR 2000/18A6
TR 2000/18A5
TR 2000/18A4
TR 2000/18A3
TR 2000/18A2
TR 2000/18A
IT 2685
Legislative Determination Depreciation 2000/1
Legislative Determination Depreciation 2000/2

Subject References:
depreciation
depreciation rates
effective life

Legislative References:
ITAA 1997 Subdiv 42-D
ITAA 1997 Subdiv 42-K
ITAA 1997 Subdiv 42-M
ITAA 1997 42-15
ITAA 1997 42-100
ITAA 1997 42-100(2)
ITAA 1997 42-105
ITAA 1997 42-105(1)
ITAA 1997 42-105(2)(b)
ITAA 1997 42-105(2)(c)
ITAA 1997 42-105(3)
ITAA 1997 42-110
ITAA 1997 42-110(2)
ITAA 1997 42-112
ITAA 1997 42-118
ITAA 1997 42-118(1)(b)
ITAA 1997 42-125
ITAA 1997 42-145
ITAA 1997 42-150
ITAA 1997 42-160(3)
ITAA 1997 42-165(2A)
ITAA 1997 Subdiv 387-C
ITAA 1997 387-170
ITAA 1997 387-175
ITAA 1997 387-177
ITAA 1936 Subdiv 960Q

TR 2000/18C1 history
  Date: Version: Change:
  21 December 2000 Original ruling  
You are here 10 January 2001 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  29 June 2001 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  19 December 2001 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  26 June 2002 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  18 December 2002 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  25 June 2003 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  17 December 2003 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  28 June 2004 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  15 December 2004 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  22 June 2005 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  21 December 2005 Consolidated ruling Addendum
  5 July 2006 Withdrawn