Student Assistance Act 1973

Part 1 - Preliminary  

SECTION 1   1   SHORT TITLE  
This Act may be cited as the Student Assistance Act 1973.

SECTION 2   2   COMMENCEMENT  
This Act shall come into operation on a date to be fixed byProclamation.

SECTION 3   INTERPRETATION  

3(1)  


In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

AAT
means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

AAT Act
means the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

AAT first review
has the meaning given by section 311.

AAT second review
has the meaning given by section 320.

ABSTUDY SSL debt
means a debt incurred under section 8B.

ABSTUDY student start-up loan
means a loan for which a person qualifies under Division 2 of Part 2.

Note:

Part 2 is taken to be part of the ABSTUDY Scheme and ABSTUDY student start-up loans are taken to be made under the ABSTUDY Scheme: see section 7B.

ABSTUDY student start-up loan overpayment
has the meaning given by subsection 38A(1).

Account
(Repealed by No 148 of 2010)

accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt
has the meaning given by section 9C.

accumulated FS debt
has the meaning given by subsection 12ZF(2) or (3).

accumulated HELP debt
(Repealed by No 116 of 2018)

actual repayments
, in relation to financial supplement, at a particular time, means the sum of the amounts actually repaid in respect of the financial supplement before that time.

adjusted parental income
, for the purposes of Part 4A, has the meaning given by the regulations.

Agency
(Repealed by No 32 of 2011)

Agency Act
(Repealed by No 32 of 2011)

amount notionally repaid
, in relation to financial supplement, has the meaning given by subparagraph 12ZA(10)(b)(ii).

amount outstanding
, in relation to a financial supplement contract, has the meaning given by section 12X.

approved form
has the meaning given by section 388-50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

approved scholarship course
has the same meaning as in the ABSTUDY Scheme.

Australia
, when used in a geographical sense, includes Norfolk Island, the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands and the Territory of Christmas Island.

Note:

In Division 4 of Part 6 (about departure prohibition orders), Australia has an extended meaning.

bank
includes, but is not limited to, a body corporate that is an ADI (authorised deposit - taking institution) for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959.

centrelink program
has the same meaning as in the Human Services (Centrelink) Act 1997.

CEO
(Repealed by No 32 of 2011)

Chief Executive Centrelink
has the same meaning as in the Human Services (Centrelink) Act 1997.

Commissioner
means the Commissioner of Taxation.

Commonwealth Education Costs Scholarship
(Repealed by No 74 of 2016)

compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount
means an amount that:


(a) is required to be paid in respect of an accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt under section 10F; and


(b) is included in a notice of assessment made under section 10H.

compulsory repayment amount
means an amount that:


(a) is required to be paid in respect of an accumulated FS debt under section 12ZK; and


(b) is included in a notice of an assessment made under section 12ZM.

contract period
, in relation to a financial supplement contract, means the period beginning when the contract was entered into and ending on 31 May in the year in which the last of the periods of 12 months referred to in paragraph 12X(3)(b) ends.

current special educational assistance scheme
means:


(a) the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme; or


(b) the ABSTUDY Scheme (also known as the Aboriginal Study Assistance Scheme).


(c) (Repealed by No 31 of 2002)

departure authorisation certificate
means a certificate under Subdivision D of Division 4 of Part 6.

departure prohibition order
means an order under Subdivision A of Division 4 of Part 6 (including such an order varied under Subdivision C of that Division).

discount
, in relation to a repayment of an amount of financial supplement, has the meaning given by section 12ZA.

disqualifying education costs scholarship
the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

education institution
means:


(a) a higher education institution; or


(b) a technical and further education institution; or


(c) a secondary school; or


(d) any other institution (including an educational institution), authority or body, that is in Australia and that, in accordance with a determination by the Minister, is to be regarded as an education institution for the purposes of this Act.

eligible student
, for the purposes of Part 4A, has the meaning given by section 12C.

Note:

A person cannot be an eligible student for the whole or part of a year that begins on or after the day on which the Student Assistance Legislation Amendment Act 2005 receives the Royal Assent (see subsection 12C(1A)).

employee
(Repealed by No 31 of 2014)

employee
(Repealed by No 32 of 2011)

enrolment test day
has the meaning given by subsection 8B(5).

exempt foreign income
has the meaning given by subsection 12ZL(4).

family assistance law
has the same meaning as in the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) (Administration) Act 1999.

financial corporation
means:


(a) a foreign corporation within the meaning of paragraph 51(xx) of the Constitution whose sole or principal business activities in Australia are the borrowing of money and the provision of finance; or


(b) a financial corporation within the meaning of that paragraph;

and includes a bank.

financial institution
has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

financial supplement
means a loan made by a participating corporation under a financial supplement contract to the other party to the contract.

financial supplement
contract means a contract in force as provided by subsection 12K(2).

former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt
the meaning given by section 9B.

former special educational assistance scheme
means:


(a) the former Aboriginal Secondary Assistance Scheme; or


(aa) the scheme known as the Aboriginal Overseas Study Assistance Scheme or the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Overseas Study Award Scheme; or


(b) the former Adult Secondary Education Assistance Scheme; or


(c) the former Secondary Allowances Scheme; or


(d) the former Living Allowance for English as a Second Language Scheme.

FS assessment debt
means an amount that is required to be paid in respect of an accumulated FS debt under section 12ZK and is included in a notice of an assessment made under section 12ZM.

FS debt
has the meaning given by subsection 12ZF(1).

HELP debt indexation factor
has the same meaning as in the Higher Education Support Act 2003.

HELP repayment income
has the same meaning as repayment income has in the Higher Education Support Act 2003.

higher education institution
means an educational institution in Australia that, in accordance with a determination by the Minister, is to be regarded as a higher education institution for the purposes of this Act.

Human Services Department
means Services Australia.

Human Services Minister
(Repealed by No 104 of 2020)

income tax
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

income tax law
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

income year
has the meaning given by subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

index number
, in relation to a quarter, means the All Groups Consumer Price Index number, being the weighted average of the 8 capital cities, published by the Australian Statistician in respect of that quarter.

indexation amount
, in relation to a financial supplement contract, has the meaning given by section 12Y.

late payment charge
(Repealed by No 55 of 2016)

Medicare levy
means the Medicare levy imposed by the Medicare Levy Act 1986.

medicare program
has the same meaning as in the Human Services (Medicare) Act 1973.

minimum HELP repayment income
has the same meaning as minimum repayment income has in the Higher Education Support Act 2003.

minimum repayment income
has the meaning given by section 12ZLA.

notional repayments
, in relation to financial supplement, at a particular time, means the sum of the amounts notionally repaid in respect of the financial supplement before that time.

office
, in relation to a financial corporation, has the meaning given by the regulations.

officer
means a person performing duties, or exercising powers or functions, under or in relation to this Act and, in relation to a provision of Division 3 of Part 10, includes:


(a) a person who has been such a person; and


(b) a person who is or has been appointed or employed by the Commonwealth and who, as a result of that appointment or employment, may acquire or has acquired information concerning a person under this Act; and


(c) a person who, although not appointed or employed by the Commonwealth, performs or did perform services for the Commonwealth and who, as a result of performing those services, may acquire or has acquired information concerning a person under this Act.

participating corporation
has the meaning given by subsection 12D(2).

prescribed benefit
, for the purposes of Part 4A, in relation to the ABSTUDY scheme, means a benefit under the scheme concerned that is declared by the regulations to be a prescribed benefit for the purposes of that Part.

prescribed educational scheme overpayment
means an amount paid under a prescribed education scheme that should not have been paid.

Principal Member
(Repealed by No 60 of 2015)

principal sum
, in relation to a financial supplement contract, at a particular time, means the total of the amounts of financial supplement paid under the contract before that time by the relevant participating corporation to the other party to the contract.

protected information
means information about a person that:


(a) has been obtained for the purposes of this Act (including the purposes of the administration of the ABSTUDY scheme); and


(b) is held in the records of:


(i) the Department; or

(ii) a Department administered by a Minister responsible for the administration of the Social Security Act 1991; or

(iii) the Human Services Department.

qualification period
, for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan, means a period of 6 months starting on 1 January or 1 July in any year.

qualification test day
, for a qualification period for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan, has the meaning given by subsection 7C(2).

rental property loss
(Repealed by No 27 of 2009)

repayable ABSTUDY SSL debt
the meaning given by section 10G.

repayable debt
, for an income year, has the meaning given by section 12ZLB.

repayment income
has the meaning given by section 12ZL.

Reserve
(Repealed by No 8 of 2005)

return
means an income tax return within the meaning of subsection 995-1(1) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

scholarship-entitled person
(Repealed by No 55 of 2016)

secondary school
means an educational institution in Australia that, in accordance with a determination by the Minister, is to be regarded as a secondary school for the purposes of this Act.

Secretary
means the Secretary of the Department.

service arrangements
(Repealed by No 32 of 2011)

social security law
has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

Social Security or Veterans' legislation overpayment
(Repealed by No 98 of 2014)

special educational assistance scheme overpayment
means an amount paid under a current special educational assistance scheme, or a former special educational assistance scheme, that should not have been paid.

student
, in Part 4A, has a meaning affected by subsection 12B(2).

student assistance benefit
means a payment under:


(a) the AUSTUDY scheme under this Act as in force before 1 July 1998; or


(b) the Student Financial Supplement Scheme (including the Scheme as in force before 1 July 1998); or


(c) a current or former special educational assistance scheme.

student assistance overpayment
means:


(a) an amount:


(i) paid under the AUSTUDY scheme under this Act as in force before 1 July 1998; and

(ii) that should not have been paid; or


(b) a debt due by a person other than a financial corporation to the Commonwealth under paragraph 12QB(2)(d), 12QC(2)(d), 12S(2)(d) or 12U(2)(c) (including a debt accrued under either of those paragraphs as in force before 1 July 1998).

Student Financial Supplement Scheme
means the scheme constituted by Part 4A for the payment of financial supplement to students.

Note:

An application under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme cannot be made in respect of a year, or a part of a year, that begins on or after the day on which the Student Assistance Legislation Amendment Act 2005 receives the Royal Assent (see subsection 12C(1A)).

subsidy
means subsidy under an agreement referred to in section 12D.

tax file number
has the same meaning as in Part VA of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

taxable income
has the meaning given by section 4-15 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

technical and further education institution
means an educational institution in Australia that, in accordance with a determination by the Minister, is to be regarded as a technical and further education institution for the purposes of this Act.

termination date
, in relation to a financial supplement contract, means the last day of the contract period.

veteran payment
means a veteran payment made under an instrument made under section 45SB of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayment
means a payment made to the Commissioner in discharge of an accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt or an ABSTUDY SSL debt. It does not include a payment made in discharge of a compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount.

year
means a calendar year.

3(2)  
For the purposes of the definitions of education institution, higher education institution, secondary school and technical and further education institution in subsection (1), a reference to Australia includes a reference to the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

3(2A)  


A determination by the Minister for the purposes of the definition of education institution, higher education institution, secondary school or technical and further education institution is a legislative instrument.

3(3)  


A person who, although not employed by the Commonwealth, performs services for the Commonwealth shall be taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be included within the definition of employee in subsection (1).

3(3)  
(Repealed by No 31 of 2014)

SECTION 5   BINDING OF THE CROWN  

5(1)  
This Act binds the Crown in all its capacities.

5(2)  
Nothing in this Act permits the Crown to be prosecuted for an offence.

SECTION 5A   5A   EXTENSION OF ACT  


This Act extends to Norfolk Island, to the Territory of Christmas Island and to the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

SECTION 5B   5B   SECRETARY TO HAVE GENERAL ADMINISTRATION  


The Secretary is, subject to section 12ZEA and to any directions of the Minister, to have the general administration of this Act.
Note:

Section 12ZEA provides that the Commissioner has the general administration of Division 6 of Part 4A, to the extent that the Division relates to the Commissioner.

SECTION 5C   5C   PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATION  
In administering this Act, the Secretary is to have regard to:


(a) the desirability of achieving the following results:


(i) the ready availability to members of the public of advice and information services relating to benefits under this Act;

(ii) the ready availability of publications containing clear statements about entitlements under this Act and procedural requirements;

(iii) the delivery of services under this Act in a fair, courteous, prompt and cost-efficient manner;

(iv) a process of monitoring and evaluating delivery of programs with an emphasis on the impact of programs on people who receive benefits under this Act;

(v) the establishment of procedures to ensure that abuses of the schemes for benefits under this Act are minimised; and


(b) the special needs of disadvantaged groups in the community; and


(c) the need to be responsive to Aboriginality and to cultural and linguistic diversity; and


(d) the importance of the systems of review of decisions under this Act; and


(e) the need to apply government policy in accordance with the law and with due regard to relevant decisions of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

Note:

In administering this Act, the Secretary is also bound by the Privacy Act 1988 and by the provisions of this Act concerning confidentiality - see Division 3 of Part 10.

SECTION 5D   MINISTER MAY DETERMINE SECONDARY AND TERTIARY COURSES ETC.  

5D(1)  
The Minister may, for the purposes of this Act, determine in writing that:


(a) a course of study or instruction is a secondary course, or a tertiary course; or


(b) a part of a course of study or instruction is a part of a secondary course, or a part of a tertiary course.

5D(2)  
For the purposes of this section, a determination that:


(a) was made under paragraph 7(1)(c) as in force before the day on which this section commences; and


(b) was in force immediately before that day;

is taken to be a determination under subsection (1) of this section and may be amended or repealed accordingly.

5D(2A)  


A determination under subsection (1) may make provision for and in relation to a specified course, that ceases to be a secondary course or a tertiary course, continuing to be a secondary course or a tertiary course in relation to specified persons in specified circumstances.

Note: For specification by class, see subsection 13(3) of the Legislation Act 2003.

5D(3)  


A determination under subsection (1) is a legislative instrument.

SECTION 5E   5E   APPLICATION OF THE CRIMINAL CODE  
Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:

Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Part 2 - ABSTUDY student start-up loans  

Division 1 - Introduction  

SECTION 6A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS PART  


ABSTUDY student start-up loans are income-contingent loans made under the ABSTUDY Scheme.

Broadly, full-time students who are receiving Living Allowance might be qualified for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan. A person can qualify for up to 2 loans each calendar year. To receive a loan, a person must make a claim before the end of the relevant period for each loan.

Once the person's income exceeds the minimum repayment income under the Higher Education Support Act 2003 and the person has finished repaying any debt under that Act and certain other income-contingent loan schemes, the person must start repaying debt in relation to ABSTUDY student start-up loans.

Division 2 - Qualification for and amount of ABSTUDY student start-up loan  

SECTION 7A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS DIVISION  


Broadly, full-time students who are receiving Living Allowance might be qualified for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan. A person can qualify for up to 2 loans each calendar year.

SECTION 7B   ABSTUDY SCHEME  

7B(1)  
For the purposes of a reference in this Act or another law to the ABSTUDY Scheme:


(a) this Part is taken to be part of the ABSTUDY Scheme; and


(b) ABSTUDY student start-up loans are taken to be made under the ABSTUDY Scheme.

7B(2)  
This Part does not limit the ABSTUDY Scheme. In particular, the ABSTUDY Scheme may make provision for matters relating to ABSTUDY student start-up loans for which provision is not made in this Act.

SECTION 7C   QUALIFICATION FOR ABSTUDY STUDENT START-UP LOAN  

7C(1)  
A person is qualified for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for a qualification period if:


(a) on the person's qualification test day for the period:


(i) the person is qualified for a payment known as Living Allowance under the ABSTUDY Scheme and Living Allowance is payable to the person; and

(ii) the person is receiving Living Allowance and would be receiving Living Allowance if any amounts of pharmaceutical allowance and rent assistance payable to the person under the ABSTUDY Scheme were disregarded for the purposes of working out the person's rate of that allowance; and

(iii) the person is qualified for Living Allowance because the person is undertaking full-time study in a course of education that is an approved scholarship course; and


(b) the Secretary is satisfied that the person is not likely to receive the amount or value of a disqualifying education costs scholarship in the period of 6 months starting immediately after that qualification test day; and


(c) the person notifies the Secretary of the person's tax file number.

Note:

If the condition in subparagraph (a)(iii) is no longer met in a certain period starting on the qualification test day, the amount of the loan might become an immediately recoverable debt, rather than an income-contingent SSL debt: subsection 38A(1) and section 39.

Qualification test day

7C(2)  
A person's qualification test day for a qualification period is the earliest of the following:


(a) the day the Secretary determines the person's claim for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for the qualification period;


(b) if the approved scholarship course ends in the qualification period - the last day of the approved scholarship course;


(c) the last day of the qualification period.

SECTION 7D   7D   CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH PERSON IS NOT QUALIFIED FOR ABSTUDY STUDENT START-UP LOAN  


Despite section 7C, a person is not qualified for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for a qualification period if:


(a) immediately before the person's qualification test day for the period:


(i) a determination is in effect that the person is qualified for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for the qualification period; or

(ii) a determination is in effect that the person is qualified for a student start-up loan under the Social Security Act 1991 for the qualification period; or

(iii) (Repealed by No 55 of 2016)


(b) in the period of 6 months ending immediately before that qualification test day, the person:


(i) has received a payment known as a student start-up scholarship payment under the scheme referred to in section 117 of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986; or

(ii) has received a payment known as a student start-up scholarship payment under the scheme referred to in section 258 of the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004; or

(iii) has received the amount or value of a disqualifying education costs scholarship; or

(iv) was entitled to the amount or value of a disqualifying education costs scholarship but has not received the full entitlement only because the scholarship was suspended.

7D(2)  
(Repealed by No 55 of 2016)

SECTION 7E   AMOUNT OF ABSTUDY STUDENT START-UP LOAN  

7E(1)  
The amount of an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for which a person is qualified is $1,025.

7E(2)  
The amount of an ABSTUDY student start-up loan is to be indexed under Division 2 of Part 3.16 of the Social Security Act 1991, on each 1 January, as if it were a student start-up loan amount referred to in the table in subsection 1191(1) of that Act. The indexed amount is taken to be the amount specified in subsection (1) on and from that 1 January.

Division 3 - Indebtedness: incurring ABSTUDY SSL debts  

SECTION 8A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS DIVISION  


A person incurs an ABSTUDY SSL debt if the person receives an ABSTUDY student start-up loan (except in certain circumstances when the loan is required to be recovered as a debt under this Act).

SECTION 8B   ABSTUDYSSL DEBTS  

8B(1)  
A person incurs an ABSTUDY SSL debt to the Commonwealth if the person is paid an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for a qualification period.

8B(2)  
The ABSTUDY SSL debt is incurred by the person on the later of:


(a) the day the person was paid the loan; and


(b) the day after the person's enrolment test day for the qualification period.

Note:

For enrolment test day , see subsection (5).

8B(3)  
The amount of the person's ABSTUDY SSL debt is the amount of the loan, reduced by any amount repaid before the day on which the debt is incurred.

8B(4)  
Despite subsection (1), an ABSTUDY SSL debt is not incurred, and is taken never to have been incurred, in relation to a loan if:


(a) the loan has been fully repaid before the day on which the ABSTUDY SSL debt in respect of the loan would be incurred; or


(b) the amount of the loan is a debt under section 39; or


(c) the Secretary has formed an opinion under subsection 38A(3) in relation to the loan (relating to exceptional circumstances beyond the person's control).

8B(5)  
A person's enrolment test day , for a qualification period, is the earliest of the following days:


(a) if the relevant approved scholarship course ends in the qualification period - the last day of that approved scholarship course;


(b) the last day of the qualification period;


(c) the 35th day of the period starting on whichever of the following applies:


(i) if the person's qualification test day for the qualification period was before the first day of the relevant approved scholarship course - the first day of that approved scholarship course;

(ii) otherwise - the qualification test day.

SECTION 8C   8C   ABSTUDY SSL DEBT DISCHARGED BY DEATH  


Upon the death of a person who owes an ABSTUDY SSL debt to the Commonwealth, the debt is taken to have been paid.
Note:

ABSTUDY SSL debts are not provable in bankruptcy: see subsection 82(3AB) of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

SECTION 8D   NOTICE TO COMMISSIONER  

8D(1)  
If a person incurs an ABSTUDY SSL debt, the Secretary must give the Commissioner a notice specifying the amount of the debt incurred by the person.

8D(2)  
The Secretary may include in the notice any other details the Commissioner requests for the purpose of ensuring the Commissioner has the information needed to exercise powers or perform functions of the Commissioner under this Act.

Division 4 - Indebtedness: working out accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debts  

SECTION 9A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS DIVISION  


Each ABSTUDY SSL debt a person incurs is incorporated into the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt. This accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt forms the basis for working out the amounts the person is obliged to repay.

There are 2 stages to working out a person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt for a financial year.

In stage 1, the person's former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt is worked out by adjusting the preceding financial year's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt to take account of:

  • (a) the HELP debt indexation factor for 1 June in that financial year; and
  • (b) the debts that the person incurs during the last 6 months of the preceding financial year; and
  • (c) voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayments of the debt; and
  • (d) compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amounts in respect of the debt.
  • In stage 2, the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt is worked out from:

  • (a) the person's former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt; and
  • (b) the ABSTUDY SSL debts that the person incurs during the first 6 months of the financial year; and
  • (c) voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayments of those debts.
  • SECTION 9B   STAGE 1 - WORKING OUT A FORMER ACCUMULATED ABSTUDY SSL DEBT  

    9B(1)  
    A person's former ABSTUDY accumulated SSL debt , in relation to the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt for a financial year, is worked out by multiplying:


    (a) the amount worked out using the following method statement; by


    (b) the HELP debt indexation factor for 1 June in that financial year. Method statement


    Step 1.

    Take the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt for the immediately preceding financial year. (This amount is taken to be zero if the person has no accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt for that financial year.)


    Step 2.

    Add the sum of all of the ABSTUDY SSL debts (if any) that the person incurred during the last 6 months of the immediately preceding financial year.


    Step 3.

    Subtract the sum of the amounts by which the person's debts referred to in steps 1 and 2 are reduced because of any voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayments that have been made during the period:

  • (a) starting on 1 June in the immediately preceding financial year; and
  • (b) ending immediately before the next 1 June.

  • Step 4.

    Subtract the sum of all of the person's compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amounts that:

  • (a) were assessed during that period (excluding any assessed as a result of a return given before that period); or
  • (b) were assessed after the end of that period as a result of a return given before the end of that period.

  • Step 5.

    Subtract the sum of the amounts by which any compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of the person is increased (whether as a result of an increase in the person's taxable income of an income year or otherwise) by an amendment of an assessment made during that period.


    Step 6.

    Add the sum of the amounts by which any compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of the person is reduced (whether as a result of a reduction in the person's taxable income of an income year or otherwise) by an amendment of an assessment made during that period.

    9B(2)  
    For the purposes of this section, an assessment, or an amendment of an assessment, is taken to have been made on the day specified in the notice of assessment, or notice of amended assessment, as the date of issue of that notice.

    SECTION 9C   STAGE 2 - WORKING OUT AN ACCUMULATED ABSTUDY SSL DEBT  

    9C(1)  
    A person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt , for a financial year, is worked out as follows:


    Former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt + ABSTUDY SSL debts incurred - ABSTUDY SSL debt repayments

    where:

    ABSTUDY SSL debt repayments
    is the sum of all of the voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayments (if any) paid, on or after 1 July in the financial year and before 1 June in that year, in reduction of the ABSTUDY SSL debts incurred in that year.

    ABSTUDY SSL debts incurred
    is the sum of the amounts of all of the SSL debts (if any) that the person incurred during the first 6 months of the financial year.

    former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt
    is the person's former accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt in relation to that accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt.

    9C(2)  
    The person incurs the accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt on 1 June in the financial year.

    SECTION 9D   ROUNDING OF AMOUNTS  

    9D(1)  
    If, apart from this section, a person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt would be an amount consisting of a number of whole dollars and a number of cents, disregard the number of cents.

    9D(2)  
    If, apart from this section, a person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt would be an amount of less than $1.00, the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt is taken to be zero.

    SECTION 9E   ACCUMULATED ABSTUDY SSL DEBT DISCHARGES EARLIER DEBTS  

    9E(1)  
    The accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt that a person incurs on 1 June in a financial year discharges, or discharges the unpaid part of:


    (a) any ABSTUDY SSL debt that the person incurred during the calendar year immediately preceding that day; and


    (b) any accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt that the person incurred on the immediately preceding 1 June.

    9E(2)  
    Nothing in subsection (1) affects the application of section 8B, 8C, 9B or 9C.

    SECTION 9F   ACCUMULATED ABSTUDY SSL DEBT DISCHARGED BY DEATH  

    9F(1)  
    Upon the death of a person who has an accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt, the accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt is taken to be discharged.

    9F(2)  
    To avoid doubt, this section does not affect any compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amounts required to be paid in respect of the accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt, whether or not those amounts were assessed before the person's death.

    Note:

    Accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debts are not provable in bankruptcy: see subsection 82(3AB) of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

    Division 5 - Discharge of indebtedness  

    Subdivision A - Introduction  

    SECTION 10A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS DIVISION  


    A person who owes a debt to the Commonwealth under this Part may make voluntary ABSTUDY SSL repayments.

    The person is required to make repayments once the person's income exceeds the minimum repayment income under the Higher Education Support Act 2003 and the person has finished repaying any debt under that Act and certain other income-contingent loan schemes.

    The amount of the repayments is based on the person's income.

    The Commissioner makes assessments of repayment amounts, which are collected in the same way as amounts of income tax.

    SECTION 10B   DEBTS UNDER THIS PART  

    10B(1)  
    The debts under this Part are:


    (a) ABSTUDY SSL debts; and


    (b) accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debts.

    10B(2)  
    To avoid doubt, debts that arise under section 39 are not debts under this Part.

    10B(3)  
    To avoid doubt, nothing in this section affects section 7B (about the relationship of this Part to the ABSTUDY Scheme).

    Subdivision B - Voluntary discharge of indebtedness  

    SECTION 10C   VOLUNTARY ABSTUDY SSL REPAYMENTS IN RESPECT OF DEBTS  

    10C(1)  
    A person may at any time make a payment in respect of a debt that the person owes to the Commonwealth under this Part.

    10C(2)  
    The payment must be made to the Commissioner.

    SECTION 10D   APPLICATION OF VOLUNTARY ABSTUDY SSL REPAYMENTS  

    10D(1)  
    Any money a person pays under this Subdivision to meet the person's debts to the Commonwealth under this Part is to be applied in payment of those debts as the person directs at the time of the payment.

    10D(2)  
    If the person has not given any directions, or the directions given do not adequately deal with the matter, any money available is to be applied as follows:


    (a) first, in discharge or reduction of any accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt of the person;


    (b) second, in discharge or reduction of:


    (i) any ABSTUDY SSL debt of the person; or

    (ii) if there is more than one such debt, those debts in the order in which they were incurred.

    SECTION 10E   10E   REFUNDING OF PAYMENTS  


    If:


    (a) a person pays an amount to the Commonwealth under this Subdivision; and


    (b) the amount exceeds the sum of:


    (i) the amount required to discharge the total debt that the person owed to the Commonwealth under this Part; and

    (ii) the total amount of the person's primary tax debts (within the meaning of Part IIB of the Taxation Administration Act 1953);

    the Commonwealth must refund to the person an amount equal to that excess.

    Subdivision C - Compulsory discharge of indebtedness  

    SECTION 10F   LIABILITY TO REPAY AMOUNTS  

    10F(1)  


    If:


    (a) a person's HELP repayment income for an income year exceeds the minimum HELP repayment income for the income year; and


    (b) on 1 June immediately preceding the making of an assessment in respect of the person's income of that income year, the person had an accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt;

    the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, in accordance with this Subdivision, so much of the person's repayable ABSTUDY SSL debt for the income year as does not exceed the amount worked out by the formula:


    Applicable percentage of HELP repayment income - Relevant income-contingent loans liability

    where:

    applicable percentage of HELP repayment income
    means the amount that is the percentage of the person's HELP repayment income applicable under the table in section 154-20 of the Higher Education Support Act 2003.

    relevant income-contingent loans liability
    means the amount that is the sum of the following:


    (a) the sum of any amounts the person is liable to pay under section 154-1 or 154-16 of the Higher Education Support Act 2003 in respect of the income year;


    (aa) the sum of any amounts the person is liable to pay under section 23EA or 23EC of the VET Student Loans Act 2016 in respect of the income year;


    (b) the sum of any amounts the person is liable to pay under section 1061ZZEZ of the Social Security Act 1991, or section 12ZK of this Act, in respect of the income year;


    (c) any amount the person is liable to pay under section 1061ZVHA of the Social Security Act 1991 in respect of the income year.

    10F(2)  
    A person is not liable under this section to pay an amount for an income year if the amount worked out under subsection (1) is zero or less.

    10F(3)  
    A person is not liable under this section to pay an amount for an income year if, under section 8 of the Medicare Levy Act 1986:


    (a) no Medicare levy is payable by the person on the person's taxable income for the income year; or


    (b) the amount of the Medicare levy payable by the person on the person's taxable income for the income year is reduced.

    SECTION 10G   REPAYABLE ABSTUDY SSL DEBT FOR AN INCOME YEAR  

    10G(1)  
    A person's repayable ABSTUDY SSL debt for an income year is:


    (a) the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt referred to in paragraph 10F(1)(b) in relation to that income year; or


    (b) if one or more amounts:


    (i) have been paid in reduction of that debt; or

    (ii) have been assessed under section 10H to be payable in respect of that debt;
    the amount (if any) remaining after deducting from that debt any amounts referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

    10G(2)  
    A reference in paragraph (1)(b) of this section to an amount assessed to be payable is, if the amount has been increased or reduced by an amendment of the relevant assessment, a reference to the increased amount or the reduced amount.

    Subdivision D - Assessments  

    SECTION 10H   10H   COMMISSIONER MAY MAKE ASSESSMENTS  


    The Commissioner may, from any information in the Commissioner's possession, whether from a return or otherwise, make an assessment of:


    (a) the person's accumulated ABSTUDY SSL debt on 1 June immediately before the making of the assessment; and


    (b) the amount required to be paid in respect of the person's repayable SSL debt under section 10F.

    SECTION 10J   10J   NOTIFICATION OF NOTICES OF ASSESSMENT OF TAX  


    If:


    (a) the Commissioner is required to serve on a person a notice of assessment in respect of the person's income of an income year under section 174 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; and


    (b) the Commissioner has made, in respect of the person, an assessment under paragraph 10H(b) of this Act of the amounts referred to in that paragraph; and


    (c) notice of the assessment under that paragraph has not been served on the person;

    notice of the assessment under that paragraph may be served by specifying the amounts concerned in the notice referred to in paragraph (a).

    SECTION 10K   COMMISSIONER MAY DEFER MAKING ASSESSMENTS  

    10K(1)  
    A person may apply in the approved form to the Commissioner for deferral of the making of an assessment in respect of the person under section 10H.

    10K(2)  
    The application must specify:


    (a) the income year for which the deferral is being sought; and


    (b) the reasons for seeking the deferral.

    10K(3)  
    The income year specified in the application must be:


    (a) the income year in which the person makes the application; or


    (b) the immediately preceding income year; or


    (c) the immediately succeeding income year.

    10K(4)  
    The Commissioner may, on application by a person under this section, defer making an assessment in respect of the person under section 10H if the Commissioner is of the opinion that:


    (a) if the assessment were made, payment of the assessed amount would cause serious hardship to the person; or


    (b) there are other special reasons that make it fair and reasonable to defer making the assessment.

    10K(5)  
    The Commissioner may defer making the assessment for any period that he or she thinks appropriate.

    10K(6)  
    The Commissioner must, as soon as practicable after an application is made under this section:


    (a) consider the matter to which the application relates; and


    (b) notify the applicant of the Commissioner's decision on the application.

    Note:

    Deferrals of making assessments, or refusals of applications, are reviewable under Division 1A of Part 9.

    SECTION 10L   COMMISSIONER MAY AMEND ASSESSMENTS  

    10L(1)  
    A person may apply in the approved form to the Commissioner for an amendment of an assessment made in respect of the person under section 10H so that:


    (a) the amount payable under the assessment is reduced; or


    (b) no amount is payable under the assessment.

    10L(2)  
    The application:


    (a) must be made within 2 years after the day on which the Commissioner gives notice of the assessment to the person; or


    (b) must specify the reasons justifying a later application.

    10L(3)  
    The Commissioner may, on application by a person under this section, amend an assessment made in respect of the person under section 10H so that:


    (a) the amount payable under the assessment is reduced; or


    (b) no amount is payable under the assessment;

    if the Commissioner is of the opinion that:


    (c) payment of the assessed amount has caused or would cause serious hardship to the person; or


    (d) there are other special reasons that make it fair and reasonable to make the amendment.

    10L(4)  
    The Commissioner must, as soon as practicable after an application is made under this section:


    (a) consider the matter to which the application relates; and


    (b) notify the applicant of the Commissioner's decision on the application.

    Note:

    Amendments of assessments, or refusals of applications, are reviewable under Division 1A of Part 9.

    Division 6 - Tax administration matters  

    SECTION 11A   SIMPLIFIED OUTLINE OF THIS DIVISION  


    The Secretary and the Commissioner may share information about tax file numbers for the purposes of administering ABSTUDY student start-up loans. The Commissioner is also responsible for the recovery of debts under this Part and has functions and powers to fulfil that responsibility relating to returns, assessments, collection and other administrative matters.

    SECTION 11B   VERIFICATION OF TAX FILE NUMBERS  

    11B(1)  
    The Secretary may provide to the Commissioner a tax file number that a person has notified to the Secretary for the purposes of paragraph 7C(1)(c), for the purpose of verifying that the number is the person's tax file number.

    11B(2)  
    If the Commissioner is satisfied that the number is the person's tax file number, the Commissioner may give the Secretary a written notice informing the Secretary accordingly.

    SECTION 11C   WHEN PERSON WITH TAX FILE NUMBER INCORRECTLY NOTIFIES NUMBER  

    11C(1)  
    If the Commissioner is satisfied:


    (a) that the tax file number that a person has notified to the Secretary for the purposes of paragraph 7C(1)(c):


    (i) has been cancelled or withdrawn since the notification was given; or

    (ii) is otherwise wrong; and


    (b) that the person has a tax file number;

    the Commissioner may give to the Secretary written notice of the incorrect notification and of the person's tax file number.

    11C(2)  
    That number is taken to be the number that the person notified to the Secretary.

    SECTION 11D   WHEN PERSON WITHOUT TAX FILE NUMBER INCORRECTLY NOTIFIES NUMBER  

    11D(1)  
    If:


    (a) the Commissioner is satisfied that the tax file number that a person notified to the Secretary for the purposes of paragraph 7C(1)(c):


    (i) has been cancelled since the notification was given; or

    (ii) is for any other reason not the person's tax file number; and


    (b) the Commissioner is not satisfied that the person has a tax file number;

    the Commissioner may give to the Secretary a written notice informing the Secretary accordingly.

    11D(2)  
    The Commissioner must give a copy of any notice under subsection (1) of this section to the person concerned, together with a written statement of the reasons for the decision to give the notice.

    Note:

    Decisions to give notice under subsection (1) are reviewable under section 202F of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    SECTION 11E   WHEN TAX FILE NUMBERS ARE ALTERED  

    11E(1)  
    If the Commissioner issues, to a person who has notified a tax file number to the Secretary for the purposes of paragraph 7C(1)(c), a new tax file number in place of a tax file number that has been withdrawn, the Commissioner may give to the Secretary a written notice informing the Secretary accordingly.

    11E(2)  
    That new number is taken to be the number that the person notified to the Secretary.

    SECTION 11F   WHEN TAX FILE NUMBERS ARE CANCELLED  

    11F(1)  
    If the Commissioner cancels a tax file number issued to a person who has notified the tax file number to the Secretary for the purposes of paragraph 7C(1)(c), the Commissioner may give to the Secretary a written notice informing the Secretary accordingly.

    11F(2)  
    The Commissioner must give a copy of any notice under subsection (1) of this section to the person concerned, together with a written statement of the reasons for the decision to give the notice.

    Note:

    Decisions to give notice under subsection (1) are reviewable under section 202F of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    SECTION 11G   11G   RETURNS, ASSESSMENTS, COLLECTION AND RECOVERY  


    Subject to Division 5 and this Division:


    (a) Part IV of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; and


    (b) Division 5 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and


    (c) Part 4-15 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953;

    apply, so far as they are capable of application, in relation to a compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of a person as if it were income tax assessed to be payable by a taxpayer by an assessment made under Part IV of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.

    SECTION 11H   CHARGES AND CIVIL PENALTIES FOR FAILING TO MEET OBLIGATIONS  

    11H(1)  
    Part 4-25 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 has effect as if:


    (a) any compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of a person were income tax payable by the person in respect of the income year in respect of which the assessment of that debt was made; and


    (b) paragraph 7C(1)(c), and Divisions 3, 4 and 5 and this Division, were income tax laws.

    11H(2)  
    Subsection (1) does not have the effect of making a person liable to a penalty for any act or omission that happened before the commencement of this subsection.

    SECTION 11J   11J   PAY AS YOU GO (PAYG) WITHHOLDING  


    Part 2-5 (other than section 12-55 and Subdivisions 12-E, 12-F and 12-G) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies, so far as it is capable of application, in relation to the collection of amounts of a compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of a person as if the compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount were income tax.

    SECTION 11K   11K   PAY AS YOU GO (PAYG) INSTALMENTS  


    Division 45 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies, so far as it is capable of application, in relation to the collection of a compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount of a person as if the compulsory ABSTUDY SSL repayment amount were income tax.

    SECTION 11L   11L   ADMINISTRATION OF THIS PART  


    The Commissioner has the general administration of:


    (a) paragraph 7C(1)(c); and


    (b) Divisions 3, 4 and 5 and this Division; and


    (c) Division 1A of Part 9 (Internal review of certain Commissioner decisions relating to ABSTUDY student start-up loans).

    Note:

    One effect of this is that these Divisions are taxation laws for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    Part 4A-Financial Supplement for Tertiary Students  

    Division 1 - Preliminary  

    SECTION 12A   OBJECT AND EXPLANATION OF THIS PART  

    12A(1)  
    The object of this Part is to enable a tertiary student who is, or except for the ABSTUDY parental income test would be, eligible for certain benefits under the ABSTUDY scheme to obtain a repayable financial supplement by choosing to enter into a contract for that purpose with a financial corporation that participates in the Student Financial Supplement Scheme.

    12A(2)  
    The payment of financial supplement will reduce certain other benefits payable to the student under the ABSTUDY scheme. The amount of the supplement that the student is eligible to obtain depends on the total amount of those benefits that the student chooses to receive, and the student may choose to repay some of the benefits, or to receive lower benefits, in order to receive a higher supplement.

    12A(3)  
    The student is not liable to pay interest to the financial corporation in respect of financial supplement obtained, but the Commonwealth will, without cost to the student, pay a subsidy to the financial corporation that includes an amount in lieu of interest.

    12A(4)  
    However, the amount of the financial supplement that has to be repaid under a contract will be indexed on 1 June in the year next following the year in which the contract is entered into and on 1 June in each subsequent year. The amount by which supplement is increased by indexation is owed by the student to the Commonwealth and not to the financial corporation. The student is entitled, but not required, to make early repayments above a certain amount in respect of the supplement during the period of the contract. There is a discount, worked out under subsection 12ZA(7) or (7A), for repayments made before the end of that period.

    12A(5)  
    If financial supplement obtained by a student is not repaid in full before the end of the period of the contract, the obligation to repay the amount of the supplement that is still outstanding is assigned to the Commonwealth and the indexed amount is repayable by the student to the Commonwealth through the taxation system when the student's income reaches a certain level.

    SECTION 12B   INTERPRETATION  

    12B(1)  
    In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears, expressions that are defined in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 have the same meanings as in that Act.

    12B(2)  
    For the purposes of the application of this Part in relation to a person at a time after the person entered or first entered into a financial supplement contract with a participating corporation, the person is called a student even though the contract period or any contract period may have ended or the person may have ceased to be a student.

    SECTION 12C   WHICH STUDENTS ARE ELIGIBLE FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  

    12C(1)  


    Subject to subsection (1A), a person is an eligible student for the purposes of this Part in relation to a year or a part of a year if:


    (a) the person is undertaking, or proposes to undertake, at an education institution in that year or that part of that year, a prescribed course of study or instruction; and


    (b) either of the following subparagraphs applies:


    (i) the person qualifies for a prescribed benefit under the ABSTUDY scheme in respect of that year or that part of that year;

    (ii) the adjusted parental income in relation to the person in respect of that year or that part of that year is less than such amount as is prescribed by the regulations and, except for the parental income test applicable under the ABSTUDY scheme, the person would have qualified for a prescribed benefit under that scheme in respect of that year or that part of that year.

    12C(1A)  


    A person is not an eligible student in relation to a year, or a part of a year, that begins on or after the day on which the Student Assistance Legislation Amendment Act 2005 receives the Royal Assent.

    12C(2)  
    If:


    (a) a person is undertaking a course of study or instruction, or a part of a course of study or instruction, offered by an education institution; and


    (b) for the purposes of that course or that part of that course, the person is required or allowed by that institution to attend, and attends, a place other than:


    (i) that institution; or

    (ii) a place in respect of which a determination under subsection (3) is in force;

    the person is, for the purposes of this section, taken to be undertaking that course or that part of that course wholly at that institution.

    12C(3)  


    The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine that subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a place, or a class of place, specified in the determination.

    12C(4)  
    (Repealed by No 103 of 2013)

    12C(5)  
    If a person is undertaking, or proposes to undertake, by correspondence with an education institution:


    (a) a course of study or instruction; or


    (b) a part of a course of study or instruction;

    offered by that education institution, the person is, for the purposes of this section, taken to be undertaking that course, or that part of that course, wholly at that institution.

    SECTION 12D   AGREEMENTS BETWEEN COMMONWEALTH AND FINANCIAL CORPORATIONS  

    12D(1)  
    An eligible student may apply for financial supplement only to a financial corporation that has entered into an agreement with the Commonwealth to pay financial supplement in accordance with this Act.

    12D(2)  
    Subject to this section, if the Minister has, whether before or after the commencement of this Part, entered into, on behalf of the Commonwealth, an agreement with a financial corporation for the payment by the corporation, in the year beginning on 1 January 1993 or a subsequent year, of financial supplement to eligible students, the corporation is a participating corporation for the purposes of this Part in respect of that year.

    12D(3)  
    Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to an agreement unless the agreement:


    (a) is expressed to have effect subject to this Act; and


    (b) provides for the payment by the Commonwealth to the financial corporation, in respect of each amount of financial supplement paid by the corporation to a student that has not been repaid, or in respect of which the rights of the corporation have been assigned to the Commonwealth, of a subsidy of such amount or amounts, or at such rate or rates, and in respect of such period or periods, as are stated in the agreement.

    12D(4)  
    Subject to subsection (5), the parties to an agreement referred to in subsection (2) (or such an agreement as previously amended) may enter into an agreement amending or terminating the first-mentioned agreement (or that agreement as previously amended).

    12D(5)  
    The amendment or termination of an agreement does not affect any financial supplement contract that was in force immediately before the amendment or termination took effect.

    12D(6)  
    An agreement entered into between the Commonwealth and a financial corporation as mentioned in this section is not subject to any stamp duty or other tax under a law of a State or Territory.

    12D(7)  
    An officer may disclose to a participating corporation any information about a student that is relevant to the exercise or performance by the corporation of any of its rights or obligations in respect of the student under this Part.

    12D(8)  
    A participating corporation may disclose to an officer any information about a student that is relevant to the exercise or performance of any rights, powers or obligations conferred or imposed on an officer or on the Commonwealth in respect of the student under this Part.

    Division 2-Applications for financial supplement  

    SECTION 12E   12E   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division sets out how an eligible student can, if he or she so chooses, obtain financial supplement, the amount of the financial supplement that can be obtained and the effect of payment of the financial supplement on the student's entitlement to certain other benefits under the ABSTUDY scheme.

    SECTION 12F   SECRETARY TO GIVE STUDENT NOTICE OF ENTITLEMENT  

    12F(1)  
    The Secretary must:


    (a) decide whether a person (the student) who applies for benefits under the AUSTUDY scheme or the ABSTUDY scheme in respect of a year or a part of a year is an eligible student in respect of that year or that part of that year; and


    (b) give to the student written notice of the decision stating whether the student is an eligible student in respect of that year or that part of that year and, if so, stating:


    (i) the minimum and maximum amounts, as determined under the regulations, of the financial supplement that the student is eligible to obtain; and

    (ii) such other information as is required by the regulations to be included in such a notice.

    12F(1A)  


    Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a year, or a part of a year, that begins on or after the day on which the Student Assistance Legislation Amendment Act 2005 receives the Royal Assent.

    12F(2)  


    If the notice under subsection (1) states that the student is an eligible student, the Secretary must give to the student a form of application for the financial supplement approved by the Secretary.

    12F(3)  
    At any time, whether before or after the student has lodged an application for the financial supplement with a participating corporation under section 12G, the Secretary may review the decision and must, if the decision is revoked or varied, give to the student:


    (a) a notice under paragraph (1)(b) stating that the decision has been revoked or varied and, if the decision has been varied, setting out particulars of the variation; and


    (b) if the decision has been varied before the student lodged an application for the financial supplement-a fresh form of application.

    12F(4)  
    If a notice is given to the student as mentioned in subsection (3), any notice previously given to the student under paragraph (1)(b) before the decision was reviewed is taken to be revoked and the student is not entitled to use any previous notice in connection with an application for financial supplement under section 12G.

    SECTION 12G   WHEN MUST A PERSON APPLY FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT?  

    12G(1)  
    A person who receives a notice under section 12F stating that the person is an eligible student in respect of a year or part of a year, is entitled to apply for the whole or part of the financial supplement he or she is eligible to obtain in respect of the year or part of the year. To obtain financial supplement, the person must apply in accordance with this section.

    12G(2)  
    The person may obtain the financial supplement if the person applies for it while the person is an eligible student in respect of the year or part of the year, as the case requires.

    12G(3)  
    The person may also obtain the financial supplement if:


    (a) the person was an eligible student during the year or part of the year, as the case requires; and


    (b) the person applies for financial supplement before the end of the calendar year in respect of which, or a part of which, the person was eligible for financial supplement; and


    (c) in the opinion of the Secretary, the person:


    (i) had taken all reasonable steps to apply for the financial supplement while still an eligible student in respect of the year or part of the year and had been prevented from applying during the year or part of the year (as the case requires) only because of circumstances beyond his or her control; and

    (ii) had taken steps to apply for financial supplement in respect of the year or part of the year as soon as practicable after ceasing to be an eligible student.

    12G(4)  
    An application for financial supplement must be made by lodging the form of application, duly completed, together with the notice issued under section 12F, at any office of a participating corporation.

    12G(5)  
    The Secretary must notify an applicant under subsection (3) and the corporation of a decision made under that subsection in respect of the applicant.

    SECTION 12GA   12GA   STUDENT MAY GIVE NOTICE TO PARTICIPATING CORPORATION TO INCREASE OR DECREASE FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  
    At any time after a person applies to a participating corporation for an amount of financial supplement, the person may by written notice to the corporation lodged at any office of the corporation tell the corporation that the person requires:


    (a) a specified lesser amount of financial supplement (not being an amount that is less than the total financial supplement already paid to the person); or


    (b) a specified greater amount of financial supplement (not being an amount that is greater than the maximum amount of financial supplement that the person is eligible to obtain).

    SECTION 12H   EFFECT OF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT ON CERTAIN OTHER BENEFITS  

    12H(1)  
    The payment of financial supplement to a person will, as mentioned in subsection 12A(2), reduce the person's entitlement to certain other benefits under the ABSTUDY scheme in accordance with subsection (2).

    12H(2)  
    If:


    (a) apart from this section a person would be entitled to a prescribed benefit under the ABSTUDY scheme in respect of a year or a part of a year; and


    (b) an application by the person to a participating corporation for financial supplement in respect of that year or that part of that year is accepted by the corporation in accordance with section 12K;

    the benefit referred to in paragraph (a) is reduced by an amount equal to one-half of the amount of the financial supplement paid to the person.

    12H(3)  
    If, apart from this subsection, the amount by which a benefit would be reduced by subsection (2) is an amount of dollars and cents and the cents include a half of one cent, the amount is increased by a half of one cent.

    Division 3-Payment of financial supplement  

    SECTION 12J   12J   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division sets out the legal relationship between a person who applies for financial supplement and the financial corporation that pays the financial supplement. An application for financial supplement relates only to a year or a part of a year and a separate contract between the person and the corporation therefore arises in respect of each year or part of a year for which an application for financial supplement is made.

    SECTION 12K   CONTRACT BETWEEN APPLICANT FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT AND PARTICIPATING CORPORATION  

    12K(1)  
    If a person (the student) who is entitled to do so applies to a participating corporation in accordance with section 12G for the payment of financial supplement in respect of a year or a part of a year, the corporation must, as soon as practicable, accept the application by written notice to the student.

    12K(2)  
    The acceptance of the application forms a binding contract in respect of that year or that part of that year between the corporation and the student for the making of a loan by the corporation to the student in accordance with this Division of such amount of financial supplement as the student from time to time requests but not exceeding the maximum amount of financial supplement that the student is from time to time eligible to obtain and for the making, if the student so wishes, of repayments during the contract period in accordance with Division 5 in respect of the amount outstanding from time to time under the contract.

    12K(3)  
    Despite subsection (2), any amount paid to the student by the corporation in accordance with advice provided by the Commonwealth is taken to be financial supplement paid under the contract even though the student may not have been eligible to obtain that amount.

    12K(4)  
    Subsection (3) does not affect the operation of Division 4.

    12K(5)  
    In determining the extent (if any) to which it is liable to make a payment in respect of financial supplement to a student under a financial supplement contract, a participating corporation is entitled to rely on advice provided by the Commonwealth.

    12K(6)  
    Subject to this Part, the validity of a financial supplement contract is not affected merely because the student was not an eligible student when the application was accepted or ceases at a later time to be an eligible student.

    12K(7)  
    A financial supplement contract is not invalid, and is not voidable, under any other law (whether written or unwritten) in force in a State or Territory.

    12K(8)  
    Without limiting the generality of subsection (7), a financial supplement contract is not invalid merely because the student is an undischarged bankrupt when the contract is entered into, and any liability of the student to a participating corporation or the Commonwealth under or because of the contract is enforceable despite the bankruptcy.

    SECTION 12KA   COOLING OFF PERIOD FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT CONTRACT  

    12KA(1)  
    An eligible student under a financial supplement contract has a right to cancel the contract. However, the student may waive the right to cancel the contract (see section 12KB). If the student waives the right to cancel the contract, subsections (2) to (6) do not operate in respect of that contract.

    12KA(2)  
    To exercise the right to cancel the contract, the student must give to the participating corporation written notice that the student is withdrawing his or her application for financial supplement. The notice may be lodged at any office of the corporation.

    12KA(3)  
    The student's right is exercisable at any time within the period of 14 days (the cooling off period) after the day the corporation accepts the student's application under subsection 12K(1).

    Note:

    When the corporation accepts the student's application a binding contract is formed-see subsection 12K(2).

    12KA(4)  
    During the cooling off period the corporation must not make a payment to the student under the contract.

    12KA(5)  
    If:


    (a) the corporation makes a payment to the student under the contract before the end of the cooling off period; or


    (b) the corporation makes a payment to the student after the end of the cooling off period and the student has exercised the right to cancel the contract within the cooling off period;

    the payment is taken not to be a payment of financial supplement if an amount equal to the payment is repaid by the student to the corporation within 7 days after the day of the payment.

    SECTION 12KB   PERSON MAY WAIVE RIGHT TO CANCEL CONTRACT  

    12KB(1)  
    An eligible student under a financial supplement contract may waive the right to cancel the contract.

    12KB(2)  
    To exercise the right of waiver, the student must give to the participating corporation written notice that he or she is waiving the right to cancel the contract immediately after his or her application is accepted by the corporation under subsection 12K(1).

    SECTION 12L   FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT CONTRACT EXEMPT FROM CERTAIN LAWS AND TAXES  

    12L(1)  
    A law of a State or Territory relating to the provision of credit or other financial assistance does not apply to a financial supplement contract.

    12L(2)  
    An application for the payment of financial supplement, a financial supplement contract, or an act or thing done or transaction entered into under such a contract, is not subject to taxation under any law of a State or Territory.

    SECTION 12M   STUDENTS (FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT) ACCOUNT  
    (Repealed by No 148 of 2010)

    SECTION 12N   HOW PAYMENTS OF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT ARE TO BE MADE  
    (Repealed by No 148 of 2010)

    Division 4-Payments under financial supplement contract to stop in certain circumstances  

    SECTION 12P   12P   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division provides for payments in respect of financial supplement to stop if the person in receipt of the financial supplement:


    (a) so requests; or


    (b) is found to be eligible for a reduced maximum amount of financial supplement and has already been paid that amount; or


    (c) ceases to be, or is found never to have been, eligible for financial supplement; or


    (d) dies.

    SECTION 12Q   PAYMENTS TO STOP AT REQUEST OF STUDENT  

    12Q(1)  
    A student who is a party to a financial supplement contract with a participating corporation may, by written notice to the corporation lodged at any office of the corporation, tell the corporation that he or she does not require any further payments under the contract after a day stated in the notice.

    12Q(2)  
    If notice is so given to the corporation:


    (a) as from the end of the day stated in the notice, the corporation is discharged from liability to make further payments to the student under the contract; but


    (b) if, despite paragraph (a), the corporation makes any payments to the student after that day, any amounts so paid after that day or the end of 4 weeks after the notice was given to the corporation, whichever is the later:


    (i) are taken not to be payments of financial supplement made under the contract; and

    (ii) are repayable by the student to the corporation; and

    (iii) may be recovered by the corporation as a debt due to it by the student.

    SECTION 12QA   PAYMENTS TO ELIGIBLE STUDENT TO STOP IF THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT IS REDUCED TO LESS THAN THE AMOUNT ALREADY PAID  

    12QA(1)  
    If:


    (a) the Secretary reviews the decision (the original decision ) made in respect of the student under section 12F; and


    (b) the student remains an eligible student in respect of the year or part of the year to which the student's financial supplement contract relates; and


    (c) as a result of the review the Secretary varies the original decision so that the maximum amount (the original amount ) of financial supplement that the student is eligible to obtain under the financial supplement contract is reduced (the revised amount ); and


    (d) the revised amount is less than the amount of financial supplement that the student has already been paid under the financial supplement contract;

    the Secretary must give written notice to the student and to a participating corporation that must include the following:


    (e) the revised amount that the student is eligible to obtain;


    (f) the amount of financial supplement paid in excess of the revised amount;


    (g) a statement that the corporation must cease paying financial supplement to the student.

    12QA(2)  
    If notice is given to the corporation under subsection (1), then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) as from the time the notice is given to the corporation, the corporation is discharged from liability to make further payments to the student under the contract; and


    (b) if, despite paragraph (a), the corporation makes payments to the student after that time, any amounts so paid after the end of 4 weeks after the notice is given to the corporation:


    (i) are taken not to be payments of financial supplement; and

    (ii) are repayable by the student to the corporation; and

    (iii) may be recoverable by the corporation as a debt due to it by the student.

    12QA(3)  
    This section has effect subject to section 12ZX.

    SECTION 12QB   WHAT HAPPENS IF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT WAS PAID TO ELIGIBLE STUDENT AFTER STUDENT FAILED TO NOTIFY CHANGE OF CIRCUMSTANCES  

    12QB(1)  


    If the Secretary decides that an eligible student to whom a notice is given under section 12QA failed to notify the Department under subsection48(1) of the happening of a prescribed event in relation to the student within 14 days of the happening of the event, the Secretary may give written notice of the decision to the student and to the participating corporation.

    12QB(2)  
    If notice is given under subsection (1), then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract that relate to financial supplement paid by the corporation to the student after the end of the period beginning at the end of the period of 14 days referred to in subsection (1) and ending at the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12QA(2)(b) (the wrongly paid financial supplement ) are assigned to the Commonwealth, by force of this paragraph, at the time when the notice was given to the corporation; and


    (b) any actual repayments of financial supplement made by the student before the notice was given to the student under subsection (1) are taken to have been made:


    (i) first, in or towards repayment of the wrongly paid financial supplement; and

    (ii) secondly, to the extent (if any) to which the sum of those repayments exceeded the amount of the wrongly paid financial supplement, in or towards repayment of the remainder of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract; and


    (c) the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation in respect of the rights referred to in paragraph (a), the amount of any wrongly paid financial supplement that has not been repaid; and


    (d) the student is liable to pay to the Commonwealth an amount equal to the sum of:


    (i) the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation under paragraph (c); and

    (ii) the part of the total subsidy paid by the Commonwealth to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract that was paid in lieu of interest on the principal sum in respect of the period beginning at the end of the period of 14 days referred to in subsection (1) and ending at the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12QA(2)(b).

    12QB(3)  
    Nothing in this section affects the operation of section 12QA.

    SECTION 12QC   WHAT HAPPENS IF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT WAS PAID TO ELIGIBLE STUDENT BECAUSE OF THE PROVISION OF FALSE OR MISLEADING INFORMATION  

    12QC(1)  
    If the Secretary decides that false or misleading information was provided to the Commonwealth in relation to an eligible student to whom a notice is given under section 12QA, the Secretary may give written notice of the decision to the student and to the participating corporation.

    12QC(2)  
    If notice is given under subsection (1), then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract that relate to financial supplement paid by the corporation to the student during the period beginning at the end of the date on which the student was paid an amount equal to the revised amount referred to in paragraph 12QA(1)(e) and ending at the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12QA(2)(b) (the wrongly paid financial supplement ) are assigned to the Commonwealth, by force of this paragraph, at the time when the notice was given to the corporation; and


    (b) any actual repayments of financial supplement made by the student before the notice was given to the student under subsection (1) are taken to have been made:


    (i) first, in or towards repayment of the wrongly paid financial supplement; and

    (ii) secondly, to the extent (if any) to which the sum of those repayments exceeded the amount of the wrongly paid financial supplement, in or towards repayment of the remainder of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract; and


    (c) the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation in respect of the rights referred to in paragraph (a), the amount of any wrongly paid financial supplement that has not been repaid; and


    (d) the student is liable to pay to the Commonwealth an amount equal to the sum of:


    (i) the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation under paragraph (c); and

    (ii) the part of the total subsidy paid by the Commonwealth to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract that was paid in lieu of interest on the principal sum in respect of the period beginning at the end of the date on which the student was paid an amount equal to the revised amount referred to in paragraph 12QA(1)(e) and ending at the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12QA(2)(b).

    12QC(3)  
    Nothing in this section affects the operation of section 12QA.

    SECTION 12R   PAYMENTS TO STOP IF STUDENT CEASES TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  

    12R(1)  
    If the Secretary decides that a student who is a party to a financial supplement contract with a participating corporation ceased to be an eligible student during the year or the part of the year to which the contract relates, the Secretary must give written notice to the student and to the corporation stating that the student ceased to be an eligible student and stating the date on which the student so ceased.

    12R(2)  
    If notice is so given to the corporation, then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) as from the time when the notice was given to the corporation, the corporation is discharged from liability to make further payments to the student under the contract; but


    (b) if, despite paragraph (a), the corporation makes any payments to the student after that time, any amounts so paid after the end of 4 weeks after the notice was given to the corporation:


    (i) are taken not to be payments of financial supplement made under the contract; and

    (ii) are repayable by the studentto the corporation; and

    (iii) may be recovered by the corporation as a debt due to it by the student.

    12R(3)  
    This section has effect subject to section 12ZX.

    SECTION 12S   WHAT HAPPENS IF STUDENT FAILS TO NOTIFY CHANGE IN CIRCUMSTANCES  

    12S(1)  


    If the Secretary decides that the student to whom a notice is given under subsection 12R(1) failed to notify the Department under subsection 48(1) that he or she had ceased to be an eligible student within 14 days after he or she so ceased, the Secretary may give written notice of the decision to the student and to the corporation.

    12S(2)  
    If notice is so given, then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract that relate to financial supplement paid by the corporation to the student after the end of the date stated in the notice given by the Secretary to the student under subsection 12R(1) and before the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12R(2)(b) ( wrongly paid financial supplement ) are assigned to the Commonwealth, by force of this paragraph, at the time when the notice was given to the corporation; and


    (b) any actual repayments of financial supplement made by the student before the notice was given to the student are taken to have been made:


    (i) first, in or towards repayment of the wrongly paid financial supplement; and

    (ii) secondly, to the extent (if any) to which the sum of those repayments exceeded the amount of the wrongly paid financial supplement, in or towards repayment of the remainder of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract; and


    (c) the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation in respect of the rights referred to in paragraph (a), the amount of any wrongly paid financial supplement that has not been repaid; and


    (d) the student is liable to pay to the Commonwealth an amount equal to the sum of:


    (i) the amount that the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation under paragraph (c); and

    (ii) the part of the total subsidy paid by the Commonwealth to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract that was paid in lieu of interest on the principal sum in respect of the period beginning at the end of the period of 14 days referred to in subsection (1) and ending at the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12R(2)(b).

    12S(3)  
    Nothing in this section affects the operation of section 12R.

    SECTION 12T   PAYMENTS TO STOP IF STUDENT IS FOUND NEVER TO HAVE BEEN ELIGIBLE FOR FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  

    12T(1)  
    If:


    (a) a student is a party to a financial supplement contract with a participating corporation; and


    (b) the Secretary decides that the statement contained in the notice given to a student under paragraph 12F(1)(b) that the student was an eligible student in respect of the year or the part of the year to which the contract relates was incorrect;

    the Secretary must give written notice to the student and to the corporation stating that the student had never been eligible for financial supplement in respect of that year or that part of that year.

    12T(2)  
    If notice is so given, then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) as from the time when the notice was given to the corporation, the corporation is discharged from liability to make further payments to the student under the contract; but


    (b) if, despite paragraph (a), the corporation makes any payments to the student after that time, any amounts so paid after the end of 4 weeks after the notice was given to the corporation:


    (i) are taken not to be payments of financial supplement made under the contract; and

    (ii) are repayable by the student to the corporation; and

    (iii) may be recovered by the corporation as a debt due to it by the student.

    12T(3)  
    This section has effect subject to section 12ZX.

    SECTION 12U   WHAT HAPPENS IF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT WAS PAID BECAUSE OF PROVISION OF FALSE OR MISLEADING INFORMATION  

    12U(1)  
    If the Secretary decides that the incorrectness of the statement referred to in paragraph 12T(1)(b) resulted from false or misleading information provided to the Commonwealth in relation to the student, the Secretary may give written notice of the decision to the student and to the corporation.

    12U(2)  
    If notice is so given, then, unless the decision of the Secretary under subsection (1) is set aside or varied:


    (a) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract that relate to financial supplement paid by the corporation to the student at any time after the beginning of the contract period and before the end of the period of 4 weeks referred to in paragraph 12T(2)(b) are assigned to the Commonwealth, by force of this paragraph, at the time when the notice was given to the corporation; and


    (b) the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation in respect of those rights the amount worked out in relation to the contract, as at the end of that period of 4 weeks, using the formula:


    principal sum - (actual repayments + notional repayments);


    and


    (c) no amount is taken to be outstanding under the contract after the notice is given but the student is liable to pay to the Commonwealth the amount worked out in relation to the contract, as at the end of that period of 4 weeks, using the formula:


    principal sum - actual repayments + interest subsidy.

    12U(3)  
    In the formula in paragraph (2)(c):

    interest subsidy
    means the part of the total subsidy paid by the Commonwealth to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement paid to the student under the contract that was paid in lieu of interest on the principal sum.

    12U(4)  
    Nothing in this section affects the operation of section 12T.

    SECTION 12V   DEATH OF STUDENT  

    12V(1)  
    If a student who is a party to a financial supplement contract with a participating corporation dies during the contract period, the Secretary may give written notice to that effect to the corporation.

    12V(2)  
    If a notice is given under subsection (1), the following provisions apply:


    (a) as from the time the notice is given, the corporation is discharged from liability to make further payments to the student under the contract;


    (b) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract are assigned to the Commonwealth, by force of this paragraph, at the time when the corporation ceased to make payments under the contract or at the end of 4 weeks after the time the notice was given, whichever is the earlier;


    (c) the Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation in respect of those rights the amount worked out in relation to the contract as at the time when the corporation ceased to make payments under the contract or at the end of 4 weeks after the time the notice was given, whichever is the earlier, using the formula:


    Principal sum - (Actual repayments + Notional repayments


    (d) the indebtedness of the student to the Commonwealth under the contract as a result of the assignment is discharged by force of this paragraph.

    12V(3)  
    If, despite paragraph (2)(a), the corporation makes payments to the student after the time the notice is given, any amounts so paid after the end of 4 weeks after that day:


    (a) are taken not to be payments of financial supplement made under the contract; and


    (b) are repayable from the student's estate to the corporation; and


    (c) may be recovered by the corporation as a debt due to it from the student's estate.

    Note:

    Sections 28A and 29 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 (which deal with service of documents) apply to a notice given under this section.

    Division 5-Repayments of financial supplement during contract period  

    SECTION 12W   12W   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division sets out how a student who is a party to a financial supplement contract (the contract) with a participating corporation may make repayments of financial supplement before the end of 4 years beginning on 1 June in the year next following the year in which the contract was entered into. Section 12X explains how the amount outstanding at any time under the contract (including the amount attributable to indexation, which is identified by section 12Y) is calculated. Section 12ZA explains how the discount for early repayment is calculated and applied.

    SECTION 12X   CALCULATION OF AMOUNT OUTSTANDING UNDER FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT CONTRACT  

    12X(1)  
    Subject to this section, the amount outstanding under the contract at any time after the contract was entered into and before 1 June in the year next following the year in respect of which the contract was entered into is the amount worked out in relation to the contract, as at that time, using the formula:


    principal sum minus (actual repayments plus discounts).

    12X(2)  
    In subsection (1):

    discounts
    means the sum of the discounts under subsection 12ZA(7) to which the student became entitled in respect of the financial supplement before the time mentioned in subsection (1).

    12X(3)  
    Subject to the following provisions of this section, at any time during:


    (a) the period of 12 months beginning on 1 June in the year next following the year in respect of which a financial supplement contract was entered into; or


    (b) any of the following 3 periods of 12 months;

    the amount outstanding
    under the contract is taken to be the amount worked out in relation to the period concerned using the formula:


    (previous amount outstanding × indexation factor) minus (actual repayments + discounts)

    12X(4)  
    For the purposes of the application of the formula in subsection (3) in relation to a time ( the relevant time ) within a period of 12 months beginning on 1 June ( the relevant 12 months );

    previous amount outstanding
    means the amount that was outstanding under the contract immediately before the beginning of the relevant 12 months.

    actual repayments
    means the sum of the amounts actually repaid in respect of the financial supplement during the relevant 12 months but before the relevant time.

    discounts
    means the sum of the discounts under subsection 12ZA(7) to which the student became entitled in respect of the financial supplement during the relevant 12 months but before the relevant time.

    indexation factor
    means the number worked out to 3 decimal places in relation to the relevant 12 months using the formula:


    the sum of the index number for the March quarter in the later reference period and the index numbers for the 3 immediately preceding quarters
    divided by the sum of the index number for the March quarter in the earlier reference period and the index numbers for the 3 immediately preceding quarters.

    later reference period
    means the period of 12 months immediately before the relevant 12 months.

    earlier reference period
    means the period of 12 months immediately before the later reference period.

    12X(5)  
    If an indexation factor worked out under subsection (4) would end with a number greater than 4 if it were worked out to 4 decimal places, the indexation factor is increased by 0.001.

    12X(5A)  
    The Minister must cause to be published in the Gazettebefore each 1 June the indexation factor worked out under subsection (4) (as affected by subsection (5)) in relation to the period of 12 months beginning on that day.

    12X(5B)  
    An indexation factor published under subsection 12ZZB(3) before the commencement of this subsection has effect as if it were an indexation factor published under subsection (5A).

    12X(6)  
    If, apart from this subsection, an amount worked out under subsection (3) would be an amount of dollars and cents, the amount of the cents is to be disregarded.

    12X(7)  
    This section has effect subject to paragraph 12U(2)(c).

    SECTION 12Y   12Y   INDEXATION AMOUNT  
    An indexation amount exists in relation to the contract at a particular time (the relevant time) if:


    (a) subsection 12X(3) applied for the purpose of working out the amount outstanding under the contract at the relevant time; and


    (b) the amount outstanding under the contract at the relevant time exceeds the amount worked out using the formula:


    principal sum - (actual repayments + notional repayments);

    and the amount of the excess constitutes the indexation amount in relation to the contract at the relevant time.

    SECTION 12Z   12Z   NOTICE TO STUDENT OF AMOUNT OUTSTANDING IN RESPECT OF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  
    If an amount is outstanding under the contract on 1 June in the year next following the year in respect of which the contract was entered into or on 1 June in any of the next 3 years, the Secretary must arrange for written notice to be given to the student stating the amount outstanding at that date.

    SECTION 12ZA   RIGHTS OF STUDENT DURING CONTRACT PERIOD TO MAKE REPAYMENTS IN RESPECT OF FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT  

    12ZA(1)  
    Subject to paragraphs 12QB(2)(d), 12QC(2)(d), 12S(2)(d) and 12U(2)(c), the student is not required during the contract period to make a repayment in respect of the amount outstanding under the contract.

    12ZA(2)  
    Non-payment by the student of the amount outstanding under the contract does not constitute a default under the contract for the purposes of any law of the Commonwealth, of a State or of a Territory.

    12ZA(3)  
    Subject to subsection (4), the student may make to the corporation a repayment in respect of the amount outstanding under the contract at any time during the contract period.

    12ZA(4)  
    The student is not entitled to make a repayment under subsection (3) that is less than an amount prescribed by the regulations unless the amount repaid is equal to the amount outstanding under the contract.

    12ZA(5)  
    If the student purports to make a repayment under subsection (3) that exceeds the amount that, having regard to the discount to which the student would be entitled under subsection (7) or (7A) ( as the case may be), would be needed to be paid in order to pay in full the amount outstanding under the contract, the excess is taken not to be a repayment in respect of the financial supplement and is to be repaid by the corporation to the student.

    12ZA(6)  
    If the student makes a repayment as mentioned in subsection (3), the following provisions of this section have effect in relation to the amount of that repayment (the amount repaid) except:


    (a) to the extent (if any) to which that repayment is taken to have been made in or towards repayment of any wrongly paid financial supplement referred to in subsection 12QB(2), 12QC(2) or 12S(2); or


    (b) in respect of a repayment made after the giving of a notice under section 12QB, 12QC or 12U.

    12ZA(7)  
    If the student makes a repayment in respect of the amount outstanding under the contract that is less than the amount outstanding under the contract, the student is entitled for the purposes of this Part, in respect of the amount outstanding under the contract, to a discount of an amount worked out using the formula:


    [the amount repaid × 100/85] - the amount paid

    12ZA(7A)  
    If the student makes a repayment in respect of the amount outstanding under the contract that equals that amount, the student is entitled, for the purposes of this Act, to a discount of an amount worked out using the formula:


    [Amount repaid × 115/100] - Amount repaid

    12ZA(8)  
    If, apart from this subsection, an amount worked out under subsection (7) or (7A) would be an amount of dollars and cents, the amount is to be rounded to the nearest dollar (rounding 50 cents upwards).

    12ZA(9)  
    If no indexation amount existed in relation to the contract immediately before the repayment is made, the student is taken to have repaid to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement an amount (the amount notionally repaid) equal to the discount.

    12ZA(10)  
    If an indexation amount existed in relation to the contract immediately before the repayment is made:


    (a) if the discount is equal to or less than the indexation amount-the amount outstanding under the contract is taken to be reduced by the amount of the discount; or


    (b) if the discount exceeds the indexation amount:


    (i) the amount outstanding under the contract is taken to be reduced by the indexation amount; and

    (ii) the student is taken to have repaid to the corporation in respect of the financial supplement an amount (the amount notionally repaid) equal to the excess.

    12ZA(11)  
    The Commonwealth is liable to pay to the corporation an amount equal to the amount notionally repaid.

    12ZA(12)  
    If, after the making of the repayment mentioned in subsection (6), the sum of the actual repayments and the notional repayments is equal to or exceeds the principal sum:


    (a) the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract are assigned to the Commonwealth by force of this paragraph; and


    (b) if the sum of the actual repayments and the notional repayments exceeds the principal sum-the corporation is liable to pay the excess to the Commonwealth.

    SECTION 12ZB   12ZB   WHAT HAPPENS AT END OF CONTRACT PERIOD  
    At the end of the contract period:


    (a) if the corporation's rights in respect of the student under the contract have not previously been assigned to the Commonwealth, those rights are assigned to the Commonwealth by force of this paragraph; and


    (b) if the principal sum exceeds the sum of the actual repayments and the notional repayments, the Commonwealth is liable to pay the excess to the corporation.

    SECTION 12ZC   NOTICE TO STUDENT  

    12ZC(1)  
    The Secretary must, as soon as practicable after the termination date in relation to the contract, arrange for written notice to be given to the student:


    (a) stating that at the end of the contract period the student ceased to be indebted to the participating corporation under the contract and will not receive any discount for repayments made after that time; and


    (b) stating that on a date specified in the notice, being 1 June immediately following the termination date, the student incurred an FS debt or FS debts to the Commonwealth and setting out the amount of that debt or the amounts of those debts; and


    (c) stating that the student is entitled at any time to make a repayment in respect of that debt or those debts and that so much of that debt or those debts as is not voluntarily repaid by the student will be recovered under the taxation system in accordance with this Part.

    12ZC(2)  
    If, after a notice was given to the student under subsection (1) or this subsection, the Secretary or an officer of the Department is satisfied that a material particular in the notice was not, or has ceased to be, correct, the Secretary must arrange for a further written notice to be given to the student setting out the correct particular.

    12ZC(3)  
    A notice given to the student under this section is given for the purpose only of providing information to the student, and an FS debt of the student to the Commonwealth is not affected by a failure to give such a notice or by any incorrect statement in such a notice.

    SECTION 12ZD   REQUESTS FOR CORRECTION OF NOTICES  

    12ZD(1)  
    If the student considers that the notice given to the student under section 12ZC was not, or has ceased to be, correct in a material particular, the student may, within 14 days after the date on which the notice was given, or within such further period as the Secretary or an officer of the Department allows, give to the Secretary a written request for the notice to be corrected in respect of that particular.

    12ZD(2)  
    A request must set out the particular that is considered to be incorrect and the grounds on which the student considers that particular to be incorrect.

    12ZD(3)  
    The making of a request does not affect an FS debt of the student to the Commonwealth.

    12ZD(4)  
    If a request is received by the Secretary, the Secretary must arrange, as soon as practicable, for the matter to which the request relates to be considered and for written notice to be given to the student of the decision on the request and, if it is decided as a result of that consideration that a material particular in the notice under section 12ZC was not, or has ceased to be, correct, for a further notice to be given to the student under subsection 12ZC(2).

    Division 6-Indebtedness existing after termination date  

    Subdivision A-Introductory  

    SECTION 12ZE   12ZE   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division provides for the recovery through the taxation system of a student's outstanding indebtedness in respect of financial supplement paid to the student and not repaid before the end of 4 years beginning on 1 June in the year next following the year in which the relevant financial supplement contract was entered into. The Division uses certain technical expressions to define:


    (a) a student's indebtedness in respect of a contract under which the student received financial supplement for a year or a part of a year, which is called an FS debt; and


    (b) a student's total indebtedness under such contracts, which is called accumulated FS debt; and


    (c) the amount that a student is assessed by the Commissioner of Taxation to be liable to pay in a particular year of income in respect of that total indebtedness, which is called an FS assessment debt.

    SECTION 12ZEA   12ZEA   EXTENT OF COMMISSIONER'S GENERAL ADMINISTRATION OF THIS DIVISION  


    The Commissioner has the general administration of this Division, to the extent that it relates to the Commissioner.
    Note:

    One effect of this is that this Division is to that extent a taxation lawfor the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    SECTION 12ZF   FS DEBT AND ACCUMULATED FS DEBT  

    12ZF(1)  
    If, at the end of the contract period in relation to a financial supplement contract between a participating corporation and another person, there was an amount outstanding under the contract, the person incurs on 1 June immediately following the end of that period a debt ( FS debt ) to the Commonwealth worked out using the formula:


    amount outstanding × indexation factor

    where:

    amount outstanding
    means the amount outstanding under the contract at the end of the contract period.

    indexation factor
    means the factor calculated under subsection (6).

    12ZF(2)  
    If an FS debt or FS debts of a person that existed on 1 June in a year ( the relevant date ) are not, or do not include, an FS debt that existed on 1 June in the immediately preceding year, the person incurs on the relevant date an accumulated FS debt to the Commonwealth equal to that FS debt or the total of those FS debts.

    12ZF(3)  
    If an FS debt or FS debts of a person that existed on 1 June in a year ( the later date ) are, or include, an FS debt or FS debts that existed on 1 June in the immediately preceding year ( the earlier date ), the person incurs on the later date an accumulated FS debt to the Commonwealth worked out using the formula:


    (adjusted accumulated FS debt (indexation factor) + later FS debts

    where:

    adjusted accumulated FS debt
    means the adjusted accumulated FS debt at the earlier date.

    indexation factor
    means the factor calculated under subsection (6).

    later FS debts
    means any FS debt, or the total of any FS debts, of the person that did not exist on the earlier date.

    12ZF(4)  
    The reference in subsection (3) to the adjusted accumulated FS debt of a person at the earlier date is a reference to the amount worked out using the formula:


    accumulated FS debt
    minus
    [FSA debts + repayments + increases in FSA debts - reductions in FSA debts]

    where:

    accumulated FS debt
    means the accumulated FS debt of the person at the earlier date.

    FSA debts
    means the sum of:


    (a) any FS assessment debt or FS assessment debts of the person assessed on or after the earlier date and before the later date excluding any such FS assessment debt assessed as a result of a return furnished before the earlier date; and


    (b) any FS assessment debt or FS assessment debts of the person assessed on or after the later date as a result of a return furnished before the later date.

    repayments
    means any amount, or the sum of any amounts, paid, except in discharge of an FS assessment debt, on or after the earlier date and before the later date in reduction of the accumulated FS debt of the person at the earlier date.

    increases in FSA debts
    means any amount, or the sum of any amounts, by which any FS assessment debt of the person is increased by an amendment of the relevant assessment (whether as a result of an increase in the person's taxable income or otherwise), being an amendment made on or after the earlier date and before the later date.

    reductions in FSA debts
    means any amount, or the sum of any amounts, by which any FS assessment debt of the person is reduced by an amendment of the relevant assessment (whether as a result of a reduction in the person's taxable income or otherwise), being an amendment made on or after the earlier date and before the later date.

    12ZF(5)  
    For the purposes of subsection (4), an assessment or an amendment of an assessment is taken to have been made on the date specified in the notice of assessment or notice of amended assessment, as the case may be, as the date of that notice.

    12ZF(6)  
    The factor to be calculated for the purposes of the definition of indexation factor in subsection (1) or (3) in determining an FS debt or the accumulated FS debt of a person at 1 June in a year ( the relevant year ) is the number worked out to 3 decimal places using the formula:


    the sum of the index number for the March quarter in the relevant
    year and the index numbers for the 3 immediately preceding quarters
    divided by
    the sum of the index number for the March quarter in the year immediately
    before the relevant year and the index numbers for the 3 immediately
    preceding quarters.

    12ZF(7)  
    If an indexation factor calculated in accordance with subsection (6) would end with a number greater than 4 if it were worked out to 4 decimal places, the indexation factor is increased by 0.001.

    12ZF(7A)  
    The Commissioner must cause to be published in the Gazette before each 1 June the indexation factor worked out under subsection (6) (as affected by subsection (7)) that is applicable in working out FS debts and accumulated FS debts incurred in the 1 June concerned.

    12ZF(7B)  
    An indexation factor published under subsection 12ZZB(4) before the commencement of this subsection has effect as if it were an indexation factor published under subsection (7A).

    12ZF(8)  
    If, apart from this subsection, the amount of an FS debt or accumulated FS debt worked out under this section would be an amount of dollars and cents, the amount of the cents is to be disregarded.

    SECTION 12ZG   ACCUMULATED FS DEBT DISCHARGES EARLIER DEBTS  

    12ZG(1)  
    Subject to subsection (2), an accumulated FS debt that a person incurs on 1 June in a year ( the relevant date ):


    (a) discharges, or discharges the unpaid part of:


    (i) any accumulated FS debt of the person that the person incurred on the immediately preceding 1 June; and

    (ii) any FS debt that was incurred by the person on the relevant date; and


    (b) discharges the liability of the person to pay the amount outstanding immediately before the relevant date under the financial supplement contract in relation to which any FS debt referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii) was incurred.

    12ZG(2)  
    For the purpose of applying section 12ZF, subsection (1) of this section is to be disregarded.

    SECTION 12ZH   NOTICE AND A CERTIFICATE TO COMMISSIONER  

    12ZH(1)  
    The Secretary must, as soon as practicable after the termination date in relation to a financial supplement contract between a participating corporation and a student, arrange for notice to be given to the Commissioner stating such of the following information as is in the possession of the Secretary:


    (a) the name of the student;


    (b) the student number of the student;


    (c) the student's last known address;


    (d) the student's tax file number;


    (e) the amount of the FS debt or the amounts of the FS debts that the student incurred to the Commonwealth on 1 June immediately following the termination date;


    (f) any other information relating to the student that is reasonably required by the Commissioner for the purpose of administering this Division.

    12ZH(2)  
    If, after a notice is given to the Commissioner under subsection (1) or this subsection, the Secretary or an officer of the Department is satisfied that a material particular in the notice was not, or has ceased to be, correct, the Secretary must arrange for a further notice to be given to the Commissioner setting out the correct particular.

    12ZH(3)  
    The Secretary must, if required by the Commissioner to do so, give a written certificate to the Commissioner setting out a matter specified by the Commissioner that was, or was required to be, set out in a notice under subsection (1) or (2).

    Subdivision B-Voluntary discharge of indebtedness  

    SECTION 12ZJ   VOLUNTARY PAYMENTS IN RESPECT OF FS DEBTS  

    12ZJ(1)  
    If a person is indebted to the Commonwealth under this Division, the person may at any time make a payment in respect of that indebtedness.

    12ZJ(2)  
    A payment under subsection (1) is to be made to the Commissioner.

    SECTION 12ZJA   12ZJA   REFUNDING OF PAYMENTS  


    If:


    (a) a person pays an amount to the Commonwealth under this Subdivision; and


    (b) the amount exceeds the sum of:


    (i) the amount required to discharge the total debt that the person owed to the Commonwealth under this Part; and

    (ii) the total amount of the person's primary tax debts (within the meaning of Part IIB of the Taxation Administration Act 1953);
    the Commonwealth must refund to the person an amount equal to that excess.
    Note:

    Interest is payable if the Commonwealth is late in paying requested refunds: see Part IIIA of the Taxation (Interest on Overpayments and Early Payments) Act 1983.

    Subdivision C-Requirement to discharge indebtedness  

    SECTION 12ZK   COMPULSORY PAYMENTS IN RESPECT OF ACCUMULATED FS DEBT  

    12ZK(1)  
    If:


    (a) a person's repayment income for the income year 2006-07 or a subsequent income year exceeds the minimum repayment income for that year; and


    (b) on 1 June immediately preceding the making of an assessment in respect of the person's income for that income year, the person had an accumulated FS debt;

    the person is liable to pay to the Commonwealth, in accordance with this Division, the amount worked out under section 12ZLC in reduction of the person's repayable debt.

    12ZK(2)  
    A person is not liable under this section to pay an amount for an income year if, under section 8 of the Medicare Levy Act 1986:


    (a) no Medicare levy is payable by the person on the person's taxable income for the income year; or


    (b) the amount of the Medicare levy payable by the person on the person's taxable income for the income year is reduced.

    SECTION 12ZL   REPAYMENT INCOME  

    12ZL(1)  
    A person's repayment income for an income year is an amount equal to the sum of:


    (a) the person's taxable income for the income year, disregarding the person's assessable FHSS released amount (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for the income year; and


    (b) the person's total net investment loss (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for the income year; and


    (c) if the person:


    (i) is an employee (within the meaning of the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986); and

    (ii) has a reportable fringe benefits total (within the meaning of that Act) for the income year;
    the reportable fringe benefits total for the income year; and


    (d) the person's exempt foreign income for the income year; and


    (e) the person's reportable superannuation contributions (within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997) for the income year.

    12ZL(2)  
    (Repealed by No 27 of 2009)

    12ZL(3)  
    (Repealed by No 27 of 2009)

    12ZL(4)  
    The person's exempt foreign income is the total amount (if any) by which the person's income that is exempt from tax under section 23AF or 23AG of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 exceeds the total amount of losses and outgoings that the person incurs in deriving that exempt income.

    12ZL(5)  
    For the purposes of subsection (4), disregard any capital losses and outgoings.

    SECTION 12ZLA   12ZLA   MINIMUM REPAYMENT INCOME  


    The minimum repayment income for the 2006-07 income year or for a later income year is the amount worked out under paragraph 154-10(b) of the Higher Education Support Act 2003 in respect of that income year.

    SECTION 12ZLB   REPAYABLE DEBT FOR AN INCOME YEAR  

    12ZLB(1)  
    A person's repayable debt for an income year is:


    (a) the person's accumulated FS debt referred to in paragraph 12ZK(1)(b) in relation to that income year; or


    (b) if one or more amounts:


    (i) have been paid in reduction of that debt; or

    (ii) have been assessed under section 12ZM to be payable in respect of that debt;
    the amount (if any) remaining after deducting from that debt the amount, or sum of the amounts, so paid or assessed to be payable.

    12ZLB(2)  
    A reference in paragraph (1)(b) to an amount assessed to be payable is, if the amount has been increased or reduced by an amendment of the relevant assessment, a reference to the increased amount or the reduced amount.

    SECTION 12ZLC   AMOUNTS PAYABLE TO THE COMMONWEALTH  

    12ZLC(1)  


    The amount that a person is liable to pay under section 12ZK, in respect of:


    (a) the 2019-20 income year; or


    (b) a later income year;

    is the amount worked out using the formula:


    Applicable percentage of repayment income - Relevant income-contingent loans liability

    where:

    applicable percentage of repayment income
    means an amount equal to so much of the person's repayable debt for the income year as does not exceed the percentage of the person's repayment income worked out in respect of the income year using the table in section 154-20 of the Higher Education Support Act 2003.

    relevant income-contingent loans liability
    means the amount that is the sum of the following:


    (a) the sum of any amounts the person is liable to pay under section 154-1 or 154-16 of the Higher Education Support Act 2003 in respect of the income year;


    (b) the sum of any amounts the person is liable to pay under section 23EA or 23EC of the VET Student Loans Act 2016 in respect of the income year.

    12ZLC(2)  
    For the purposes of subsection (1), assume that the reference in the table in section 154-20 of the Higher Education Support Act 2003 to the person's repayment income is a reference to the person's repayment income within the meaning of section 12ZL of this Act.

    12ZLC(3)  
    A person is not liable under this section to pay an amount for an income year if the amount worked out under subsection (1) is zero or less.

    SECTION 12ZLD   12ZLD   PUBLISHING INDEXED AMOUNTS  
    (Repealed by No 76 of 2018)

    Subdivision D-Returns and assessments  

    SECTION 12ZM   12ZM   ASSESSMENT  
    The Commissioner may, from any information in the Commissioner's possession, whether from a return or otherwise, make an assessment of:


    (a) the amount of the accumulated FS debt of a person at 1 June immediately before the making of the assessment; and


    (b) the amount required to be paid in respect of that accumulated FS debt under section 12ZK.

    SECTION 12ZN   Application of tax legislation  

    12ZN  


    Part IV of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, Division 5 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 and Part IVC of, and Part 4-15 in Schedule 1 to, the Taxation Administration Act 1953 apply, so far as they are capable of application and subject to this Division, in relation to an FS assessment debt of a person as if it were income tax assessed to be payable by a taxpayer by an assessment made under Part IV of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.
    Note:

    FS assessment debts are also collected through the Pay As You Go (PAYG) system of collecting income tax: see Parts 2-1, 2-5 and 2-10 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    12ZN(2)  
    (Repealed by No 101 of 2006)

    SECTION 12ZNA   CHARGES AND ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTIES FOR FAILING TO MEET OBLIGATIONS  

    12ZNA(1)  
    Part 4-25 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 has effect as if:


    (a) any compulsory repayment amount of a person were income tax payable by the person in respect of the income year in respect of which the assessment of that debt was made; and


    (b) this Part were an income tax law.

    12ZNA(2)  
    Subsection (1) does not have the effect of making a person liable to a penalty for any act or omission that happened before the commencement of this subsection.

    SECTION 12ZNB   12ZNB   PAY AS YOU GO (PAYG) WITHHOLDING  


    Part 2-5 (other than section 12-55 and Subdivisions 12-E, 12-F and 12-G) in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies, so far as it is capable of application, in relation to the collection of amounts of a compulsory repayment amount of a person as if the compulsory repayment amount were income tax.

    SECTION 12ZNC   12ZNC   PROVISIONAL TAX  
    (Repealed by No 14 of 2014)

    SECTION 12ZND   12ZND   PAY AS YOU GO (PAYG) INSTALMENTS  


    Division 45 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 applies, so far as it is capable of application, in relation to the collection of a compulsory repayment amount of a person as if the compulsory repayment amount were income tax.

    SECTION 12ZO   12ZO   HOW NOTICES OF ASSESSMENT MAY BE SERVED  
    If:


    (a) the Commissioner is required to serve on a person a notice of assessment in respect of the person's income of a year of income under section 174 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936; and


    (b) an assessment ( the relevant assessment ) has been made in respect of the person of the amounts referred to in section 12ZM of this Act but notice of the relevant assessment has not been served on the person;

    notice of the relevant assessment may be served by setting out the amounts concerned in the notice referred to in paragraph (a).

    SECTION 12ZP   POWER OF COMMISSIONER TO DEFER ASSESSMENT OR REDUCE ASSESSMENT TO NIL  

    12ZP(1)  


    The Commissioner may, on application in the approved form by a person, defer, for such period as the Commissioner considers appropriate, the making of an assessment in relation to the person under section 12ZM if the Commissioner considers that, were the assessment to be made, payment of the assessed amount would cause serious hardship to the person or considers that there are other special reasons that make it fair and reasonable to defer the making of the assessment.

    12ZP(2)  


    The Commissioner may, on application in the approved form by a person, amend an assessment made in relation to the person under section 12ZM so that no amount is payable under the assessment if the Commissioner considers that payment of the assessed amount has caused or would cause serious hardship to the person or considers that there are other special reasons that make it fair and reasonable to make the amendment.

    12ZP(3)  
    If an application referred to in subsection (1) or (2) is made, the Commissioner must as soon as practicable consider the matter to which the application relates and give to the applicant written notice of the Commissioner's decision on the application.

    12ZP(4)  


    In this section:

    approved form
    has the meaning given by section 388-50 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

    SECTION 12ZQ   REVIEW OF DECISION OF COMMISSIONER  

    12ZQ(1)  
    Application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the Commissioner on an application referred to in subsection 12ZP(1) or a decision by the Commissioner refusing to amend an assessment pursuant to an application referred to in subsection 12ZP(2).

    12ZQ(2)  
    A notice under subsection 12ZP(3) must:


    (a) include a statement to the effect that, if the person is dissatisfied with the decision of the Commissioner on the application under section 12ZP, application may, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, be made to the Tribunal for review of the decision; and


    (b) except if subsection 28(4) of that Act applies, also include a statement to the effect that the person may request a statement under section 28 of that Act.

    12ZQ(3)  
    A failure to comply with subsection (2) in relation to a notice does not affect the validity of the notice or of the decision to which the notice relates.

    Subdivision E-Miscellaneous  

    SECTION 12ZR   BENEFITS TO STUDENTS UNDER STUDENT FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT SCHEME NOT SUBJECT TO TAXATION  

    12ZR(1)  
    Any amount paid or other benefit given to a person under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme is not subject to taxation under any law of the Commonwealth unless a provision of such a law expressly provides to the contrary.

    12ZR(2)  
    Subsection (1) does not affect any liability to taxation of a participating corporation in respect of any subsidy or other amount paid to the corporation under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme.

    SECTION 12ZS   12ZS   APPLICATION OF PAYMENTS  
    An amount paid by a person in respect of the person's indebtedness to the Commonwealth under this Division is to be applied in accordance with the direction of the person or, in the absence of such a direction or to the extent that the direction does not adequately deal with the matter:


    (a) first, in discharge or reduction of any FS assessment debts of the person; and


    (b) secondly, in discharge or reduction of any accumulated FS debt of the person.

    SECTION 12ZT   12ZT   INDEBTEDNESS DISCHARGED BY DEATH  
    Upon the death of a person who has an indebtedness to the Commonwealth under this Division, other than an indebtedness in respect of an FS assessment debt, the indebtedness is discharged by force of this section.

    SECTION 12ZU   SECRECY  

    12ZU(1)  
    In this section:

    Commissioner
    includes a Second Commissioner of Taxation and a Deputy Commissioner of Taxation.

    officer
    means a person:


    (a) who is or has been appointed or employed by the Commonwealth and, because of the appointment or employment or in the course of the performance of the duties of the appointment or in the course of the employment, may acquire or has acquired confidential information; or


    (b) to whom powers or functions have been delegated by the Commissioner and who, because of, or in the course of the exercise of powers or the performance of functions under, the delegation, may acquire or has acquired confidential information.

    12ZU(2)  
    A reference in this section to the acquisition by a person of confidential information is a reference to the acquisition of information in relation to the affairs of another person disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Division.

    12ZU(3)  
    For the purposes of this section, a person who performs services for the Commonwealth, although not appointed or employed by the Commonwealth, is taken to be employed by the Commonwealth.

    12ZU(4)  


    A person who is or has been an officer must not, directly or indirectly:


    (a) make a record of any information in relation to the affairs of a second person; or


    (b) disclose to a second person any information in relation to the affairs of a third person;

    being information disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Division and acquired by the person:


    (c) because of the person's appointment or employment by the Commonwealth or in the course of such employment; or


    (d) because of the delegation to the person of powers or functions by the Commissioner or in the course of the exercise of such powers or performance of such functions.

    Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years or 100 penalty units, or both.

    12ZU(4A)  
    Subsection (4) does not apply to the extent that the person makes the record of the information, or discloses the information, for the purposes of this Division or in the performance of the person's duties as an officer.

    Note:

    A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4A), see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

    12ZU(4B)  
    For the purposes of an offence against subsection (4), strict liability applies to the physical element of circumstance, that the information was disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Division.

    Note:

    For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

    12ZU(5)  
    Except when it is necessary to do so for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Division, an officer cannot be required:


    (a) to produce to a court any document made or given under or for the purposes of this Division; or


    (b) to disclose to a court a matter or thing in relation to information disclosed or obtained under or for the purposes of this Division;

    being a document or information acquired by the officer:


    (c) because of the officer's appointment or employment by the Commonwealth or in the course of such employment; or


    (d) because of the delegation to the officer of powers or functions by the Commissioner or in the course of the exercise of such powers or the performance of such functions.

    12ZU(6)  


    Subsection (4) does not prohibit the Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, from disclosing any information to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal in connection with proceedings under this Act or any other Act of which the Commissioner of Taxation has the general administration.

    12ZU(7)  
    No Act of which the Commissioner of Taxation has the general administration prohibits the Commissioner, or a person authorised by the Commissioner, from disclosing any information to a person performing, as an officer, duties arising under this Division for the purpose of enabling the person to perform those duties.

    12ZU(8)  
    Subsection (4) does not prohibit an officer ( the relevant officer ) from disclosing any information to an officer of the Department for the purpose of assisting the relevant officer in the performance of duties arising under this Division.

    12ZU(9)  
    For the purposes of subsection (4), an officer is taken to have disclosed information to another person in contravention of that subsection if the officer discloses the information to a Minister.

    12ZU(10)  
    An officer must, if and when required by the Commissioner to do so, make an oath or declaration, in a manner and form specified by the Commissioner in writing, to maintain secrecy in accordance with the provisions of this section.

    12ZU(11)  
    In this section:

    court
    includes a tribunal, authority or person having power to require the production of documents or the answering of questions.

    disclose
    , in relation to information, means give, reveal or communicate in any way.

    Division 7-General  

    SECTION 12ZV   12ZV   EXPLANATION OF DIVISION  
    This Division deals with:


    (a) the application of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 in relation to rights and liabilities arising under or out of a financial supplement contract; and


    (b) the effect of decisions reviewing decisions by the Secretary under this Part; and


    (c) the giving of notice to a student when the student's obligations to a participating corporation have been assigned to the Commonwealth; and


    (d) the exemption from State and Territory taxes of assignments and other acts and transactions under this Part.

    SECTION 12ZW   APPLICATION OF THE BANKRUPTCY ACT  

    12ZW(1)  
    This section applies if, at any time after a financial supplement contract ( the contract ) is entered into between a participating corporation ( the corporation ) and a student, including a time after the end of the contract period:


    (a) the student becomes bankrupt; or


    (b) the student enters into a personal insolvency agreement under Part X of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

    12ZW(2)  
    A debt arising under or out of the contract is not a provable debt in the bankruptcy or for the purposes of the personal insolvency agreement.

    12ZW(3)  
    Any right of the Commonwealth or of the corporation to bring an action or other proceeding against the student in respect of such a debt is not affected by the bankruptcy or personal insolvency agreement.

    12ZW(4)  
    The trustee of the estate of the bankrupt student or the trustee of the personal insolvency agreement, as the case may be, is not entitled to recover under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 any payment made by the student to the Commonwealth or to the corporation in respect of such a debt.

    12ZW(5)  
    A reference in this section to a debt arising under or out of the contract includes a reference to:


    (a) the amount outstanding at any time under the contract; and


    (b) an amount that the student is liable to pay under paragraph 12QB(2)(d), 12QC(2)(d), 12S(2)(d) or 12U(2)(c); and


    (c) any accumulated FS debt that discharges, or discharges the unpaid part of, an FS debt;

    but does not include a reference to:


    (d) a debt constituted by an obligation to repay the amount of a payment that, because of subparagraph 12Q(2)(b)(i), 12QA(2)(b)(i), 12R(2)(b)(i) or 12T(2)(b)(i), is not a payment of financial supplement made under the contract; or


    (e) an FS assessment debt that is required to be paid in respect of an accumulated FS debt.

    SECTION 12ZX   12ZX   WHAT HAPPENS IF A DECISION OF SECRETARY IS SET ASIDE OR VARIED  
    If a decision of the Secretary under this Part is set aside or varied:


    (a) if the decision is set aside-subject to paragraph (b), this Part has effect, and is taken to have always had effect, as if the decision had not been made; or


    (b) if the decision is set aside and another decision is substituted for the original decision-this Part has effect, and is taken to have always had effect, as if the substituted decision had been the original decision; or


    (c) if the decision is varied-this Part has effect, and is taken to have always had effect, as if the decision as varied had been the original decision.

    SECTION 12ZY   12ZY   NOTICES OF ASSIGNMENT  
    If any right of a participating corporation to receive a payment from a person under this Part is assigned to the Commonwealth, the Secretary must as soon as practicable arrange for written notice to be given to the person stating that the right has been so assigned and identifying any future payments by the person that, because of the assignment, are required to be made to the Commonwealth.

    SECTION 12ZZ   12ZZ   ASSIGNMENTS ETC. NOT SUBJECT TO STATE OR TERRITORY TAXES  
    An assignment to the Commonwealth under this Part of rights of a corporation under a financial supplement contract, or any other act or thing done or transaction entered into under this Part, is not subject to taxation under any law of a State or Territory.

    Part 6 - Overpayments arising under this Act and certain administrative schemes  

    Division 1 - Debts recoverable by the Commonwealth  

    SECTION 38   38   DEFINITIONS  


    In this Part:

    debt
    means an amount of any of the following kinds (whether the amount has arisen before or after the commencement of this Part):


    (a) a special educational assistance scheme overpayment;


    (aa) an ABSTUDY student start-up loan overpayment;


    (b) a student assistance overpayment;


    (c) an amount payable to the Commonwealth in relation to an amount of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (aa) or (b) (including an amount payable under section 41B or subsection 42(10)).

    relevant debt
    means:


    (a) an amount paid under the ABSTUDY Scheme (also known as the Aboriginal Study Assistance Scheme) that should not have been paid; or


    (b) an amount paid under the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme that should not have been paid; or


    (c) an ABSTUDY student start-up loan overpayment.

    Note:

    The amount in paragraph (a) or (b) is a debt under paragraph (a) of the definition of debt in this section. The amount in paragraph (c) is a debt under paragraph (aa) of the definition of debt in this section.

    SECTION 38A   ABSTUDY STUDENT START-UP LOAN OVERPAYMENTS  

    38A(1)  
    If:


    (a) a person is paid an ABSTUDY student start-up loan for a qualification period; and


    (b) the circumstances determined under subsection (2) apply to the person;

    then the amount of the loan is an ABSTUDY student start-up loan overpayment .

    38A(2)  
    The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine circumstances in which subsection (1) applies to a person who has not met, or who has ceased to meet, the condition in subparagraph 7C(1)(a)(iii).

    38A(3)  
    Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if, in the Secretary's opinion, the person did not meet, or ceased to meet, the condition in subparagraph 7C(1)(a)(iii) because of exceptional circumstances beyond the person's control.

    SECTION 39   DEBTS ARE RECOVERABLE BY THE COMMONWEALTH  

    39(1)  
    If a person:


    (a) has been paid an amount of a kind referred to in paragraph (a), (aa) or (b) of the definition of debt in section 38; or


    (b) incurs an amount referred to in paragraph (c) of that definition;

    the amount is a debt owed by the person to the Commonwealth.

    39(2)  


    A debt that arises under subsection (1) because of an ABSTUDY student start-up loan overpayment is taken to have arisen when the person is paid the loan to which the overpayment relates.

    SECTION 39AA   39AA   RECOVERY OF CERTAIN DEBTS FROM CURRENT SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME PAYMENTS  


    A debt or overpayment that may be recovered by making deductions under section 1231 of the Social Security Act 1991 may be recovered by making deductions from amounts that would otherwise be payable under a current special educational assistance scheme (other than from the amount of an ABSTUDY student start-up loan).

    Division 2 - Recovery of debts  

    SECTION 39A   39A   SECRETARY MAY ALLOW PAYMENT OF DEBT BY INSTALMENTS  
    (Repealed by No 55 of 2016)

    SECTION 40   NOTICE IN RESPECT OF RELEVANT DEBT  

    40(1)  
    If a relevant debt owed by a person to the Commonwealth has not been wholly paid, the Secretary must give the person a notice specifying:


    (a) the date on which it was issued (the date of the notice ); and


    (b) the reason the debt was incurred, including a brief explanation of the circumstances that led to the debt being incurred; and


    (c) the period to which the debt relates; and


    (d) the outstanding amount of the debt at the date of the notice; and


    (e) the day on which the outstanding amount is due and payable; and


    (f) the effect of sections 41 and 41A; and


    (g) that a range of options is available for repayment of the debt; and


    (h) the contact details for inquiries concerning the debt.

    40(2)  
    The outstanding amount of the debt is due and payable on the 28th day after the date of the notice.

    40(3)  
    The Secretary may give more than one notice under subsection (1) in relation to a person and a relevant debt of the person.

    SECTION 41   INTEREST CHARGE - NO REPAYMENT ARRANGEMENT IN EFFECT  

    41(1)  
    If:


    (a) a notice is given to a person under subsection 40(1) in relation to a relevant debt; and


    (b) an amount (the unpaid amount ) of the debt remains unpaid at the end of the day (the due day ) on which the debt is due to be paid; and


    (c) at the end of the due day, there is no arrangement in effect under section 41F in relation to the debt;

    then the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, interest charge, worked out under subsection (3), for each day in the period described in subsection (2).

    Note:

    For exemptions, see sections 41D and 41E.

    41(2)  
    The period starts at the beginning of the day after the due day and ends at the end of the earlier of the following days:


    (a) the last day at the end of which any of the following remains unpaid:


    (i) the unpaid amount;

    (ii) interest charge on any of the unpaid amount;


    (b) the day before the first day, after the due day, on which the person makes a payment under an arrangement under section 41F in relation to the debt.

    41(3)  
    The interest charge for a day in the period described in subsection (2) is worked out by multiplying the interest charge rate for that day by the sum of so much of the following amounts as remains unpaid:


    (a) the unpaid amount;


    (b) the interest charge from previous days.

    Note 1:

    For interest charge rate see section 41C.

    Note 2:

    The interest charge for a day is due and payable to the Commonwealth at the end of that day: see section 41B.

    SECTION 41A   INTEREST CHARGE - FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH OR TERMINATION OF REPAYMENT ARRANGEMENT  

    41A(1)  
    If:


    (a) an arrangement is in effect under section 41F in relation to a person and a relevant debt; and


    (b) the person fails to make a payment under the arrangement;

    then the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, interest charge, worked out under subsection (3), for each day in the period described in subsection (2).

    Note:

    For exemptions, see sections 41D and 41E.

    41A(2)  
    The period starts at the beginning of the day after the day (the due day ) on which the payment was required to be made under the arrangement and ends at the end of the earliest of the following days:


    (a) the last day at the end of which any of the following remains unpaid:


    (i) the outstanding amount of the debt;

    (ii) interest charge on any of the outstanding amount of the debt;


    (b) the day before the first day, after the due day, on which the person has paid all the payments that have so far become due and payable under the arrangement;


    (c) the day before the day the arrangement is terminated under section 41F.

    41A(3)  
    The interest charge for a day in the period described in subsection (2) is worked out by multiplying the interest charge rate for that day by the sum of so much of the following amounts as remains unpaid:


    (a) the outstanding amount of the debt;


    (b) the interest charge from previous days.

    Note 1:

    For interest charge rate see section 41C.

    Note 2:

    The interest charge for a day is due and payable to the Commonwealth at the end of that day: see section 41B.

    Repayment arrangement is terminated

    41A(4)  
    If:


    (a) an arrangement is in effect under section 41F in relation to a person and a relevant debt; and


    (b) the arrangement is then terminated under section 41F on a day (the termination day );

    then:


    (c) the following amounts (if any) are due and payable on the 14th day after the termination day:


    (i) the outstanding amount of the debt;

    (ii) interest charge on any of the outstanding amount of the debt; and


    (d) if, at the end of that 14th day, any of those amounts remains unpaid, the person is liable to pay, by way of penalty, interest charge, worked out under subsection (6), for each day in the period described in subsection (5).

    Note:

    For exemptions, see sections 41D and 41E.

    41A(5)  
    The period starts at the beginning of the day after that 14th day and ends at the end of the earlier of the following days:


    (a) the last day at the end of which any of the following remains unpaid:


    (i) the outstanding amount of the debt;

    (ii) interest charge on any of the outstanding amount of the debt;


    (b) the day before the first day, after that 14th day, on which the person makes a payment under another arrangement under section 41F in relation to the debt.

    41A(6)  
    The interest charge for a day in the period described in subsection (5) is worked out by multiplying the interest charge rate for that day by the sum of so much of the following amounts as remains unpaid:


    (a) the outstanding amount of the debt;


    (b) the interest charge from previous days.

    Note 1:

    For interest charge rate see section 41C.

    Note 2:

    The interest charge for a day is due and payable to the Commonwealth at the end of that day: see section 41B.

    SECTION 41B   41B   WHEN INTEREST CHARGE BECOMES DUE AND PAYABLE  


    The interest charge under section 41 or 41A for a day is due and payable to the Commonwealth at the end of that day.
    Note:

    The interest charge for a day is a debt owed to the Commonwealth: see section 39.

    SECTION 41C   WHAT IS THE INTEREST CHARGE RATE ?  

    41C(1)  
    For the purposes of sections 41 and 41A, the interest charge rate for a day is the rate worked out by adding 7 percentage points to the base interest rate for that day, and dividing that total by the number of days in the calendar year.

    41C(2)  
    The base interest rate for a day depends on which quarter of the year the day is in. For each day in a quarter in column 1 of the table, it is the monthly average yield of 90-day Bank Accepted Bills published by the Reserve Bank of Australia for the month in column 2 of the table.


    Base interest rate
    Item Column 1
    For days in this quarter:
    Column 2
    the monthly average yield of 90-day Bank Accepted Bills for this month applies:
    1 1 January to 31 March the preceding November
    2 1 April to 30 June the preceding February
    3 1 July to 30 September the preceding May
    4 1 October to 31 December the preceding August

    41C(3)  
    If the monthly average yield of 90-day Bank Accepted Bills for a particular month in column 2 of the table in subsection (2) is not published by the Reserve Bank of Australia before the beginning of the relevant quarter, assume that it is the same as the last monthly average yield of 90-day Bank Accepted Bills published by the Reserve Bank of Australia before that month.

    41C(4)  
    The base interest rate must be rounded to the second decimal place (rounding .005 upwards).

    SECTION 41D   EXEMPTION FROM INTEREST CHARGE - GENERAL  

    41D(1)  
    A person is not liable to pay interest charge under section 41 or 41A if on the day before the start of the period in respect of which the person would otherwise have been liable to pay that charge:


    (a) the person is receiving instalments under the ABSTUDY scheme (also known as the Aboriginal Study Assistance Scheme) that includes an amount identified as living allowance; or


    (b) the person is receiving instalments under the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme; or


    (c) the person is receiving instalments of family tax benefit (within the meaning of the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999); or


    (d) the person is receiving a social security payment (within the meaning of the Social Security Act 1991); or


    (e) the person is receiving a payment of pension, veteran payment or allowance under the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986; or


    (f) the circumstances determined in an instrument under subsection (2) apply in relation to the person.

    41D(2)  
    The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine circumstances for the purposes of paragraph (1)(f).

    SECTION 41E   EXEMPTION FROM INTEREST CHARGE - SECRETARY'S DETERMINATION  

    41E(1)  
    The Secretary may determine that interest charge is not payable, or is not payable in respect of a particular period, by a person on the outstanding amount of a relevant debt.

    41E(2)  
    The Secretary may make a determination under this section in circumstances that include (but are not limited to) the Secretary being satisfied that the person has a reasonable excuse for:


    (a) failing to enter into an arrangement under section 41F to pay the outstanding amount of the debt; or


    (b) having entered an arrangement, failing to make a payment in accordance with that arrangement.

    41E(3)  
    The determination may relate to a period before, or to a period that includes a period before, the making of the determination.

    41E(4)  
    The determination may be expressed to be subject to the person complying with one or more specified conditions.

    41E(5)  
    If the determination is expressed to be subject to the person complying with one or more specified conditions, the Secretary must give written notice of the determination to the person as soon as practicable after the determination is made.

    41E(6)  
    If:


    (a) the determination is expressed to be subject to the person complying with one or more specified conditions; and


    (b) the person contravenes a condition or conditions without reasonable excuse;

    the determination ceases to have effect from and including the day on which the contravention or the earliest of the contraventions occurred.

    41E(7)  
    The Secretary may cancel or vary the determination by written notice given to the person.

    SECTION 41F   ARRANGEMENT FOR PAYMENT OF RELEVANT DEBT  

    41F(1)  
    The Secretary may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, enter into an arrangement with a person under which the person is to pay a relevant debt, owed by the person to the Commonwealth, or the outstanding amount of such a debt, in a way set out in the arrangement.

    41F(2)  
    If a person is required to make a payment under an arrangement entered into under subsection (1) before the end of a particular day, the person must make that payment before the end of that day.

    41F(3)  
    An arrangement entered into under subsection (1) has effect, or is taken to have had effect, on and after the day specified in the arrangement as the day on which the arrangement commences (whether that day is the day on which the arrangement is entered into or an earlier or later day).

    41F(4)  
    If an arrangement entered into under subsection (1) does not specify a day as mentioned in subsection (3), it has effect on and after the day on which it is entered into.

    41F(5)  
    The Secretary may terminate or alter an arrangement entered into under subsection (1):


    (a) at the debtor's request; or


    (b) after giving 28 days' notice to the debtor of the proposed termination or alteration; or


    (c) without notice, if the Secretary is satisfied that the person has failed to disclose material information about his or her true capacity to repay the debt.

    SECTION 41G   41G   GUIDELINES ON INTEREST CHARGE PROVISIONS  


    The Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine guidelines relating to the operation of the provisions of this Division dealing with interest charge.

    SECTION 42   RECOVERY OF CERTAIN OVERPAYMENTS FROM THIRD PARTIES  

    42(2)  
    This section applies where:


    (a) the liability of a person (in this section called the debtor ) to the Commonwealth in relation to a debt has not been fully satisfied; and


    (b) there is another person (in this section called the third party ):


    (i) by whom any money is due, or may become due, to the debtor; or

    (ii) who holds, or may subsequently hold, money for the debtor; or

    (iii) who holds, or may subsequently hold, money for some other person for payment to the debtor; or

    (iv) who has authority from some other person to pay money to the debtor.

    42(2A)  
    The first reference in paragraph (2)(b) to another person includes a reference to:


    (a) the Commonwealth; and


    (b) a State; and


    (c) a Territory; and


    (d) any authority of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.

    42(3)  
    The Secretary may, by written notice given to the third party, require the third party to pay to the Commonwealth:


    (a) a specified amount, not being an amount more than:


    (i) the amount then due to the Commonwealth in relation to the debt; or

    (ii) the amount of the money referred to in whichever of the subparagraphs of paragraph (2)(b) is applicable; or


    (b) a specified amount out of each payment that the third party becomes liable from time to time to make to the debtor until the total of the amounts paid to the Commonwealth under the notice equals the amount then due to the Commonwealth in relation to the debt.

    42(4)  
    A payment required to be made by the notice is to be made within the time specified in the notice, not being a time earlier than:


    (a) the money concerned becomes due or is held; or


    (b) 14 days after the notice is given.

    42(5)  
    The third party must not contravene the notice.

    Penalty: Imprisonment for 1 year.

    42(5A)  
    Subsection (5) does not apply if the party has a reasonable excuse.

    Note:

    A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

    42(6)  
    The Secretary must give a copy of the notice to the debtor.

    42(7)  
    Contravention of subsection (6) does not invalidate the notice.

    42(8)  
    If the third party makes a payment to the Commonwealth under the notice, the payment is to be taken to have been made with the authority of the debtor and of any other person concerned.

    42(9)  
    If the whole or a part of the debt stops being due to the Commonwealth otherwise than because of a payment made by the third party, the following provisions have effect:


    (a) the Secretary must notify the third party of the amount that has stopped being due;


    (b) if paragraph (3)(a) applies to the notice - the amount specified in the notice is to be taken to be reduced, or further reduced, as the case requires, by the amount that has stopped being due;


    (c) if paragraph (3)(b) applies to the notice - the reference in that paragraph to the total of the amounts paid to the Commonwealth under the notice is to be taken to be a reference to that total as increased, or further increased, as the case requires, by the amount that has stopped being due.

    42(10)  
    If the third party, without reasonable excuse, contravenes the notice, an amount equal to:


    (a) so much (if any) of the amount required by the notice to be paid by the third party as the third party was able to pay to the Commonwealth but did not pay; or


    (b) so much of the debt as remains due to the Commonwealth from time to time;

    whichever is the lesser, is a debt due by the third party to the Commonwealth.

    42(11)  
    If:


    (a) the third party is indebted to the Commonwealth under subsection (10); and


    (b) the Commonwealth recovers the whole or a part of the third party's debt;

    the debtor's liability to the Commonwealth in relation to the debt referred to in paragraph (2)(a) is reduced or further reduced, as the case requires, by the amount recovered from the third party.

    42(12)  
    If, apart from this section, money is not due or payable on demand by the third party unless a condition is fulfilled, the money is to be taken, for the purposes of this section, to be due or payable on demand, whether or not the condition has been fulfilled.

    42(13)  
    If a person has unsatisfied liabilities to the Commonwealth in relation to more than one debt, the Secretary may:


    (a) for the purposes of this section, treat the debts as a single debt; but


    (b) apportion any amount recovered under this section in relation to the debts in such proportion as the Secretary considers appropriate.

    42(14)  
    An apportionment made by the Secretary under subsection (13) must be made in writing.

    SECTION 42A   RECOVERY OF AMOUNTS FROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS  

    42A(1)  
    If:


    (a) an amount or amounts of student assistance benefit are paid to a financial institution for the credit of an account kept with the institution; and


    (b) the Secretary is satisfied that the amount or the amounts were intended to be paid for the benefit of someone who was not the person or one of the persons in whose name or names the account was kept;

    the Secretary may give a written notice to the institution setting out the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) and requiring the institution to pay to the Commonwealth, within a period (being a reasonable period) stated in the notice, the lesser of the following amounts:


    (c) an amount specified in the notice, being the amount, or the sum of the amounts, of the student assistance benefit;


    (d) the amount standing to the credit of the account when the notice is received by the institution.

    42A(2)  
    If:


    (a) an amount or amounts of student assistance benefit that are intended for the benefit of a person are paid to a financial institution for the credit of an account that was kept with the institution by the person or by the person and one or more other persons; and


    (b) the person died before the amount or amounts were paid;

    the Secretary may give a written notice to the institution setting out the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) and requiring the institution to pay to the Commonwealth, within a period (being a reasonable period) stated in the notice, the lesser of the following amounts:


    (c) an amount specified in the notice, being the amount, or the sum of the amounts, of the student assistance benefit;


    (d) the amount standing to the credit of the account when the notice is received by the institution.

    42A(3)  
    As soon as possible after issuing a notice under subsection (2), the Secretary must inform the deceased estate in writing of:


    (a) the amount sought to be recovered from the deceased person's account; and


    (b) the reasons for the recovery action.

    42A(4)  
    A financial institution must comply with a notice given to it under subsection (1) or (2).

    Penalty: 300 penalty units.

    42A(5)  
    It is a defence to a prosecution of a financial institution for failing to comply with a notice given to it under subsection (1) or (2) if the financial institution proves that it was incapable of complying with the notice.

    Note:

    The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5). See section 13.4 of the Criminal Code.

    42A(6)  
    If a notice is given to a financial institution under:


    (a) subsection (1) (amount paid to wrong account) in respect of an amount or amounts of student assistance benefit; or


    (b) subsection (2) (death of person in whose name the account was kept) in respect of an amount or amounts of student assistance benefit;

    any amount recovered by the Commonwealth from the institution in respect of the debt reduces any debt owed to the Commonwealth by any other person in respect of the amount or amounts of student assistance benefit.

    SECTION 42B   42B   NO TIME LIMIT ON DEBT RECOVERY ACTION  


    For the purposes of this Part, any action under a provision of this Part for the recovery of a debt may be taken at any time.

    Division 3-Non-recovery of debts  

    SECTION 43   SECRETARY MAY WRITE OFF DEBT  

    43(1)   Writing off debt  

    The Secretary may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, write off a debt.

    43(2)   Class of debts  

    For the purposes of subsection (1), the Secretary may write off debts that are included in a class of debts determined by the Minister by notice published in the Gazette.

    43(3)   When decision takes effect  

    A decision made under subsection (1) takes effect:


    (a) if a day is stated in the decision as the day on which the decision takes effect-on the day so stated (whether that day is before, on or after the day on which the decision is made); or


    (b) if a day is not so stated in the decision-on the day on which the decision is made.

    Note:

    If the Secretary writes off a debt, this means an administrative decision has been made that, in the present circumstances, there is no point in trying to recover the debt. In law, however, this debt still exists and may later be pursued.

    SECTION 43A   POWER TO WAIVE COMMONWEALTH'S RIGHT TO RECOVER DEBT  

    43A(1)   Secretary's limited power to waive  

    The Secretary may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, waive the Commonwealth's right to recover the whole or a part of a debt only in the circumstances described in section 43B, 43C, 43D, 43E or 43F.

    43A(2)   When waiver takes effect  

    A waiver takes effect:


    (a) if a day is stated in the waiver as the day on which the waiver takes effect-on the day so stated (whether that day is before, on or after the day on which the decision to waive is made); or


    (b) if a day is not so stated in the waiver-on the day on which the decision to waive is made.

    Note:

    If the Secretary waives the Commonwealth's right to recover all or part of a debt, the waiver is a permanent bar to recovery of that debt or that part of the debt-that debt or that part of the debt effectively ceases to exist.

    SECTION 43B   WAIVER OF DEBT ARISING FROM ERROR  

    43B(1)   Administrative error  

    Subject to subsection (2), the Secretary must waive the right to recover the proportion of a debt that is attributable solely to an administrative error made by the Commonwealth if the debtor received in good faith the payment or payments that gave rise to that proportion of the debt.

    Note:

    Subsection (1) does not allow waiver of part of a debt that was caused partly by administrative error and partly by one or more other factors (such as error by the debtor).

    43B(2)   Circumstances under which subsection (1) applies  

    Subsection (1) only applies if:


    (a) the debt is not raised within a period of 6 weeks from the first payment that caused the debt; or


    (b) if the debt arose because a person has complied with an obligation to provide information or documents to the Department under this Act, the debt is not raised within a period of 6 weeks from the end of the period within which the person was required to comply with that obligation;

    whichever is the later.

    43B(3)   Underestimating value of property  

    If:


    (a) a debt arose because the debtor, the debtor's partner, or the debtor's parent or parents underestimated the value of particular property; and


    (b) the estimate was made in good faith; and


    (c) the value of the property was not able to be easily determined when the estimate was made;

    the Secretary must waive the right to recover the proportion of the debt attributable to the underestimate.

    43B(4)   Proportion of a debt  

    For the purposes of this section, a proportion of a debt may be 100% of the debt.

    43B(5)  


    In this section:

    child
    : without limiting who is a child of a person for the purposes of this section, someone is the child of a person if he or she is a child of the person within the meaning of the Family Law Act 1975.

    parent
    , in relation to a person, means:


    (a) if the person is not an adopted child-a natural parent of the person or someone of whom the person is a child because of the definition of child in this section; or


    (b) if the person is an adopted child-an adoptive parent of the person.

    partner
    has the same meaning as in the Social Security Act 1991.

    SECTION 43C   WAIVER OF DEBT RELATING TO AN OFFENCE  

    43C(1)  
    If:


    (a) a debtor has been convicted of an offence that gave rise to a proportion of a debt; and


    (b) the court indicated in sentencing the debtor that it imposed a longer custodial sentence on the debtor because he or she was unable or unwilling to pay the debt;

    the Secretary must waive the right to recover the proportion of the debt.

    43C(2)  
    For the purposes of this section, a proportion of a debt may be 100% of the debt.

    SECTION 43D   43D   WAIVER OF SMALL DEBT  
    The Secretary must waive the right to recover a debt if:


    (a) the debt is, or is likely to be, less than $50; and


    (b) it is not cost effective for the Commonwealth to take action to recover the debt.

    SECTION 43E   WAIVER IN RELATION TO SETTLEMENTS  

    43E(1)   Settlement of civil action  

    If the Commonwealth has agreed to settle a civil action against a debtor for recovery of a debt for less than the full amount of the debt, the Secretary must waive the right to recover the difference between the debt and the amount that is the subject of the settlement.

    43E(2)   Settlement of proceedings before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal  

    If the Secretary has agreed to settle proceedings before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal relating to recovery of a debt on the basis that the debtor will pay less than the full amount of the debt, the Secretary must waive the right to recover the difference between the debt and the amount that is the subject of the settlement.

    43E(3)   Waiver where at least 80% of debt recovered and debtor cannot pay more  

    If:


    (a) the Commonwealth has recovered at least 80% of the original value of a debt from a debtor; and


    (b) the Commonwealth and the debtor agree that the recovery is in full satisfaction of the whole of the debt; and


    (c) the debtor cannot repay a greater proportion of the debt;

    the Secretary must waive the right to recover the remaining 20% or less of the value of the original debt.

    43E(4)   Agreement for part-payment in satisfaction of outstanding debt  

    If the Secretary and a debtor agree that the debtor's debt will be fully satisfied if the debtor pays the Commonwealth an agreed amount less than the amount of the debt outstanding at the time of the agreement (the unpaid amount ), the Secretary must waive the right to recover the difference between the unpaid amount and the agreed amount.

    43E(5)   Limits on agreement to accept part-payment in satisfaction of outstanding debt  

    The Secretary must not make an agreement described in subsection (4) unless the Secretary is satisfied that:


    (a) the debtor cannot repay more of the debt than the agreed amount; and


    (b) the agreed amount is at least the present value of the unpaid amount repaid in instalments whose amount and timing are determined by the Secretary; and


    (c) it would take at least 12 months to recover the unpaid amount under this Part if subsection (4) did not apply.

    43E(6)   Formula for working out present value of unpaid amount  

    For the purposes of subsection (5), the present value of the unpaid amount is the amount worked out in accordance with the following formula:

    Graphic

    where:

    annual repayment
    is the amount of the debt that the Secretary believes would be recovered under this Part in a year if subsection (4) did not apply in relation to the debt.

    interest
    is the annual rate of interest specified by the Minister in a written notice.

    repayment period
    is the number of years needed to repay the unpaid amount if repayments equal to the annual repayment were made each year.

    Example

    Facts:

    Terry owed a debt of $8,000 to the Commonwealth. He has repaid $2,000 with the remaining debt being $6,000.

    Terry, with the assistance of his mother, offers to make a single payment of $4,700 in full satisfaction, leaving $1,300 of the debt unpaid. Without Terry's mother's assistance, Terry can only pay fortnightly instalments amounting to $1,200 a year and, at that rate, would take 5 years to pay the remaining $6,000.

    Assume that the Minister has specified an interest rate of 10%.

    Result:

    The present value of the unpaid amount of $6,000 to be repaid in 5 years at a 10% interest rate is worked out as follows:

    $1,200/0.1 x [1 - 1/(1 + 0.1)s]= $4.548

    As the proposed payment of $4,700 is more than the present value of the unpaid amount (which is $4,548 as shown), and as the other conditions in subsection (5) apply, the Secretary may accept Terry's offer and make an agreement with him as described in subsection (4).

    If the Secretary makes the agreement, the Secretary must, in accordance with subsection (4), waive the remaining $1,300 of the debt (being the difference between the unpaid amount of $6,000 and the agreed amount of $4,700).

    43E(7)   Notice is a legislative instrument  

    A notice described in the definition of interest in subsection (6) is a legislative instrument.

    SECTION 43F   43F   WAIVER IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES  
    The Secretary may waive the right to recover all or part of a debt if the Secretary is satisfied that:


    (a) the debt did not result wholly or partly from the debtor or another person knowingly:


    (i) making a falsestatement or a false representation; or

    (ii) failing or omitting to comply with a provision of this Act; and


    (b) there are special circumstances (other than financial hardship alone) that make it desirable to waive; and


    (c) it is more appropriate to waive than to write off the debt or part of the debt.

    Note:

    Section 43 allows the Secretary to write off a debt on behalf of the Commonwealth.

    Division 4 - Departure prohibition orders  

    Subdivision A - Secretary may make departure prohibition orders  

    SECTION 43G   SECRETARY MAY MAKE DEPARTURE PROHIBITION ORDERS  

    43G(1)  
    The Secretary may make an order (a departure prohibition order ) prohibiting a person from departing from Australia for a foreign country if:


    (a) the person has one or more debts to the Commonwealth under this Part; and


    (b) there are not arrangements satisfactory to the Secretary for the one or more debts to be wholly paid; and


    (c) the Secretary believes on reasonable grounds that it is desirable to make the order for the purpose of ensuring that the person does not depart from Australia for a foreign country without:


    (i) having wholly paid the one or more debts; or

    (ii) there being arrangements satisfactory to the Secretary for the one or moredebts to be wholly paid.
    Matters to be taken into account in making order

    43G(2)  
    Before making an order under this section, the Secretary must have regard to the following matters:


    (a) the capacity of the person to pay the one or more debts;


    (b) whether any action has been taken to recover any such debt, and the outcome of the recovery action;


    (c) the length of time for which any such debt has remained unpaid after the day on which it became due and payable;


    (d) such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate. Form of order

    43G(3)  
    A departure prohibition order must be in a form approved by the Secretary.

    Subdivision B - Departure from Australia of debtors prohibited  

    SECTION 43H   43H   DEPARTURE FROM AUSTRALIA OF DEBTORS PROHIBITED  


    A person must not depart from Australia for a foreign country if:


    (a) a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force, and the person knows that the order is in force, or is reckless as to whether the order is in force; and


    (b) the person's departure is not authorised by a departure authorisation certificate, and the person knows that the departure is not authorised by such a certificate, or is reckless as to whether the departure is authorised by such a certificate.

    Penalty: Imprisonment for 12 months.

    Subdivision C - Other rules for departure prohibition orders  

    SECTION 43J   NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DEPARTURE PROHIBITION ORDERS  

    43J(1)  
    This section applies if the Secretary makes a departure prohibition order in respect of a person. Notifying person of order

    43J(2)  
    The Secretary must notify the person that the order has been made.

    43J(3)  
    The notice must be in a form approved by the Secretary and must be given as soon as practicable after making the order. Notifying other persons of order

    43J(4)  
    Unless the Secretary is satisfied that the person is an Australian citizen, the Secretary must give the Secretary of the Department administered by the Minister administering the Migration Act 1958 a copy of the order, and information likely to facilitate identification of the person, for the purposes of administering that Act.

    43J(5)  
    The Secretary must also give a copy of the order, and information likely to facilitate identification of the person for the purposes of this Division, to such other persons as the Secretary considers appropriate in the circumstances, being persons declared in an instrument under subsection (6).

    43J(6)  
    The Secretary may, by legislative instrument, declare persons for the purposes of subsection (5).

    43J(7)  
    The Secretary must give a copy of the order or information under subsection (4) or (5) as soon as practicable after making the order.

    SECTION 43K   OPERATION OF DEPARTURE PROHIBITION ORDER  

    43K(1)  
    A departure prohibition order comes into force when it is made, and continues in force until it is revoked, or until it is set aside by a court.

    Note:

    Subdivision E deals with appeals to the Federal Court of Australia or the Federal Circuit Court of Australia against the making of departure prohibition orders.

    43K(2)  
    However, a departure prohibition order in respect of a person is not in force during any period when a deportation order in respect of the person is in force under the Migration Act 1958.

    SECTION 43L   REVOCATION AND VARIATION OF DEPARTURE PROHIBITION ORDERS  

    43L(1)  
    The Secretary must revoke a departure prohibition order in respect of a person if:


    (a) the person no longer has any debts to the Commonwealth under this Part; or


    (b) there are arrangements satisfactory to the Secretary for the one or more debts the person has to the Commonwealth under this Part to be wholly paid; or


    (c) the Secretary is satisfied that the one or more debts the person has to the Commonwealth under this Part are completely irrecoverable.

    43L(2)  
    The Secretary may revoke or vary a departure prohibition order in respect of a person if the Secretary considers it desirable to do so.

    43L(3)  
    A revocation or variation, under this section, of a departure prohibition order may be:


    (a) on application by the person in a form approved by the Secretary; or


    (b) on the Secretary's own initiative.

    SECTION 43M   NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR REVOCATIONS AND VARIATIONS  

    43M(1)  
    If the Secretary revokes or varies a departure prohibition order in respect of a person, the Secretary must give notice of the revocation or variation to:


    (a) the person; and


    (b) each person to whom a copy of the departure prohibition order was given under subsection 43J(4) or (5).

    43M(2)  
    If:


    (a) a person makes an application under paragraph 43L(3)(a) for the revocation or variation of a departure prohibition order; and


    (b)the Secretary refuses to revoke or vary the order;

    the Secretary must give notice of the refusal to the person.

    43M(3)  
    A notice under this section must be in a form approved by the Secretary and must be given as soon as practicable after the decision concerned is made.

    Subdivision D - Departure authorisation certificates  

    SECTION 43N   APPLICATION FOR DEPARTURE AUTHORISATION CERTIFICATE  

    43N(1)  
    A person in respect of whom a departure prohibition order is in force may apply for a certificate (a departure authorisation certificate ) authorising the person to depart from Australia for a foreign country.

    43N(2)  
    The application must be in a form approved by the Secretary.

    SECTION 43P   WHEN SECRETARY MUST ISSUE DEPARTURE AUTHORISATION CERTIFICATE  

    43P(1)  
    This section applies if a person makes an application under section 43N for a departure authorisation certificate.

    43P(2)  
    The Secretary must issue the departure authorisation certificate if the Secretary is satisfied:


    (a) that, if the certificate is issued:


    (i) it is likely that the person will depart from Australia and return to Australia within a period that the Secretary considers appropriate; and

    (ii) it is likely that, within a period that the Secretary considers appropriate, the Secretary will be required by subsection 43L(1) to revoke the departure prohibition order in respect of the person; and


    (b) that it is not necessary for the person to give security under section 43Q for the person's return to Australia.

    43P(3)  
    If the Secretary is not satisfied as mentioned in subsection (2), the Secretary must issue the departure authorisation certificate if:


    (a) the person has given security under section 43Q for the person's return to Australia; or


    (b) if the person is unable to give such security, the Secretary is satisfied:


    (i) that the certificate should be issued on humanitarian grounds; or

    (ii) that refusing to issue the certificate will be detrimental to Australia's interests.

    SECTION 43Q   SECURITY FOR PERSON'S RETURN TO AUSTRALIA  

    43Q(1)  
    A person may give such security as the Secretary considers appropriate by bond, deposit or any other means, for the person's return to Australia by such day as is agreed by the person and the Secretary and is specified in the departure authorisation certificate.

    43Q(2)  
    The Secretary may substitute a later day for the day mentioned in subsection (1):


    (a) on application by the person in a form approved by the Secretary; or


    (b) on the Secretary's own initiative.

    43Q(3)  
    The Secretary may refuse an application by a person to substitute a later day if:


    (a) the person refuses to increase the value of the security already given to a level that the Secretary considers appropriate; or


    (b) the person refuses to give such further security as the Secretary considers appropriate; or


    (c) the Secretary considers that it would not be appropriate to substitute the later day.

    SECTION 43R   WHAT DEPARTURE AUTHORISATION CERTIFICATE MUST AUTHORISE  

    43R(1)  
    A departure authorisation certificate in respect of a person must authorise the departure of the person on or before the seventh day after a day specified in the certificate.

    43R(2)  
    The day specified in the certificate must be a day that is after the day on which the certificate is issued, but not more than 7 days after that day.

    SECTION 43S   NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DEPARTURE AUTHORISATION CERTIFICATES  

    43S(1)  
    If the Secretary issues a departure authorisation certificate in respect of a person, the Secretary must, as soon as practicable, give a copy of the certificate to:


    (a) the person; and


    (b) each person to whom a copy of the departure prohibition order in respect of the person was given under subsection 43J(4) or (5).

    43S(2)  
    If:


    (a) a person makes an application under section 43N for a departure authorisation certificate; and


    (b) the Secretary refuses to issue the certificate;

    the Secretary must give notice of the refusal to the person.

    43S(3)  
    The notice must be in a form approved by the Secretary and must be given as soon as practicable after the refusal.

    SECTION 43T   NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SUBSTITUTED DAYS  

    43T(1)  
    If, under section 43Q, the Secretary substitutes a later day for a person's return to Australia, the Secretary must give notice of that decision to:


    (a) the person; and


    (b) each person to whom a copy of the departure prohibition order in respect of the person was given under subsection 43J(4) or (5).

    43T(2)  
    If:


    (a) a person makes an application under paragraph 43Q(2)(a) to substitute a later day for the person's return to Australia; and


    (b) the Secretary refuses the application;

    the Secretary must give notice of the refusal to the person.

    43T(3)  
    A notice under this section must be in a form approved by the Secretary and must be given as soon as practicable after the decision concerned is made.

    Subdivision E - Appeals and review in relation to departure prohibition orders and departure authorisation certificates  

    SECTION 43U   APPEALS TO COURTS AGAINST MAKING OF DEPARTURE PROHIBITION ORDERS  

    43U(1)  
    A person aggrieved by the making of a departure prohibition order may appeal to the Federal Court of Australia or the Federal Circuit Court of Australia against the making of the order.

    43U(2)  
    This section has effect subject to Chapter III of the Constitution.

    SECTION 43V   43V   JURISDICTION OF COURTS  


    The jurisdiction of a court under section 43U must be exercised by a single Judge.

    SECTION 43W   43W   ORDERS OF COURT ON APPEAL  
    A court hearing an appeal under section 43U against the making of a departure prohibition order may, in its discretion:


    (a) make an order setting aside the order; or


    (b) dismiss the appeal.

    SECTION 43X   REVIEW OF DECISIONS  

    43X(1)  
    Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision of the Secretary under section 43L, 43P or 43Q.

    43X(2)  
    Despite any provision of Part 9, that Part does not apply in relation to any decision of the Secretary under this Division.

    43X(3)  
    In this section:

    decision
    has the same meaning as in the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975.

    Subdivision F - Enforcement  

    SECTION 43Y   POWERS OF OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS AND MEMBERS OF THE AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL POLICE  

    43Y(1)  
    This section applies if an officer (within the meaning of the Customs Act 1901), or a member of the Australian Federal Police, believes on reasonable grounds that:


    (a) a person is about to depart from Australia for a foreign country; and


    (b) a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force; and


    (c) the person's departure is not authorised by a departure authorisation certificate.

    43Y(2)  
    The officer or member may:


    (a) take such steps as are reasonably necessary to prevent the person's departure, including, but not limited to, steps to prevent the person going on board, or to remove the person from, a vessel or aircraft in which the officer or member believes on reasonable grounds the departure will take place; and


    (b) require the person to answer questions or produce documents to the officer or member for the purposes of working out whether:


    (i) a departure prohibition order in respect of the person is in force; and

    (ii) if such an order in respect of the person is in force - whether the person's departure is authorised by a departure authorisation certificate.

    43Y(3)  
    A person commits an offence if:


    (a) the person is subject to a requirement under paragraph (2)(b); and


    (b) the person refuses or fails to comply with the requirement.

    Penalty: 30 penalty units.

    43Y(4)  
    Subsection (3) does not apply if the person answers the question or produces the document to the extent that the person is capable of answering the question or producing the document.

    Note:

    A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters mentioned in subsection (4): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

    SECTION 43Z   PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION  

    43Z(1)  
    An individual is not excused from answering a question, or producing a document, under paragraph 43Y(2)(b) on the ground that the answer to the question or the production of the document might tend to incriminate the individual or expose the individual to a penalty.

    43Z(2)  
    However:


    (a) the answer given or document produced; and


    (b) answering the question or producing the document; and


    (c) any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of the answering of the question or producing the document;

    are not admissible in evidence against the individual in any criminal proceedings, other than proceedings under section 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code in relation to answering the question or producing the document.

    SECTION 43ZA   PRODUCTION OF AUTHORITY TO DEPART  

    43ZA(1)  
    If:


    (a) a departure prohibition order in respect of a person is in force; and


    (b) the person is about to depart from Australia for a foreign country; and


    (c) the person's departure is authorised by a departure authorisation certificate;

    an officer (within the meaning of the Customs Act 1901), or a member of the Australian Federal Police, may request the person to give a copy of the certificate to the officer or member for inspection.

    43ZA(2)  
    A person commits an offence of strict liability if:


    (a) an officer (within the meaning of the Customs Act 1901), or a member of the Australian Federal Police, has made a request of the person under subsection (1); and


    (b) the person refuses or fails to comply with the request.

    Penalty for contravention of this subsection: 5 penalty units.

    Subdivision G - Interpretation  

    SECTION 43ZB   43ZB   INTERPRETATION - DEPARTURE FROM AUSTRALIA FOR FOREIGN COUNTRY  


    A reference in this Division to the departure of a person from Australia for a foreign country is a reference to the departure of the person from Australia for a foreign country, whether or not the person intends to return to Australia.

    SECTION 43ZC   43ZC   MEANING OF AUSTRALIA  


    For the purposes of this Division, Australia , when used in a geographical sense, includes the external Territories.

    Part 7-Miscellaneous  

    SECTION 44A   PROVISION OF TAX FILE NUMBERS  

    44A(1)  
    Subject to this section, a benefit is not payable in respect of a person (in this section called the applicant ) under a current special educational assistance scheme, or financial supplement is not to be paid to a person (in this section also called the applicant ) under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme, unless the Secretary is given:


    (a) the applicant's tax file number; and


    (b) where another person's income or assets are required to be taken into account for the purpose of calculating the benefit, that person's tax file number.

    44A(2)  
    Paragraph (1)(b) does not require the giving of the tax file number of a person who:


    (a) is a parent of the applicant for the purposes of the scheme under which application for the benefit in question has been made; and


    (b) is resident outside Australia; and


    (c) had no assessable income under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 or the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 for the period in relation to which the person's income is to be taken into account for the purpose of calculating the benefit.

    44A(3)  
    Subsection (1) does not apply to a benefit if the application for the benefit was made before 1 July 1991.

    44A(4)  
    The regulations may prescribe circumstances in which a benefit or financial supplement may be paid even though a tax file number required by subsection (1) to be given to the Secretary has not been given.

    44A(5)  


    Subject to subsections (6) and (7)), a person is taken, for the purposes of the ABSTUDY scheme, to have given his or her tax file number to the Secretary if he or she has lodged an application for a tax file number with the Department.

    44A(6)  
    If the Commissioner for Taxation refuses to issue a tax file number to a person who has lodged an application with the Department under subsection (5), subsection (5) is taken not to have applied to that person in relation to that application.

    44A(7)  


    Subsection (5) does not apply in relation to qualification for an ABSTUDY student start-up loan under section 7C.

    SECTION 48   OBLIGATION TO NOTIFY HAPPENING OF CERTAIN EVENTS  

    48(1)  
    If a prescribed event happens in relation to a person who is receiving, or entitled to receive, an amount under a financial supplement contract or a current special educational assistance scheme, the person must notify the Department, in accordance with the regulations, of the happening of the event within 14 days.

    48(2)  


    Despite section 14 of the Legislation Act 2003, regulations for the purposes of subsection (1) relating to notifying the Department may apply, adopt or incorporate any matter contained in any instrument or other writing as in force or existing from time to time.

    SECTION 49   OFFENCES  

    49(1)  


    A person must not contravene subsection 48(1).

    Penalty: Imprisonment for 12 months.

    49(1A)  
    Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

    Note:

    A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code).

    49(2)  


    Where a person is convicted of an offence against subsection (1) of this section or an offence against section 135.2, 136.1, 137.1 or 137.2 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Act, the court may, in addition to imposing a penalty, order the person to pay to the Commonwealth an amount equal to any amount paid under this Act, or a current special educational assistance scheme, as a result of the act, failure or omission in respect of which the person was convicted.

    49(3)  
    For the purposes of subsection (2), a certificate by the Secretary stating that a specified amount is the amount paid to a specified person under this Act, or a current special educational assistance scheme, as a result of a specified act, failure or omission is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

    49(4)  
    A reference in this section to payment of an amount under this Act or to an amount paid under this Act includes a reference to payment of an amount or to an amount paid, as the case may be, under a financial supplement contract.

    SECTION 50   PROCEEDINGS AGAINST CORPORATIONS  

    50(1)  


    Where, in proceedings for an offence against this Act or regulations made for the purposes of this Act in respect of any conduct engaged in by a corporation, it is necessary to establish the state of mind of the corporation, it is sufficient to show that a director, employee or agent of the corporation, being a director, employee or agent who engaged in the conduct within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority, had the state of mind.

    50(2)  


    Any conduct engaged in on behalf of a corporation:


    (a) by a director, employee or agent of the corporation within the scope of his or her actual or apparent authority; or


    (b) by any other person at the direction or with the consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of a director, employee or agent of the corporation, where the giving of such direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or agent;

    shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act and regulations made for the purposes of this Act, to have been engaged in by the corporation.

    50(3)  
    A reference in subsection (1) to the state of mind of a person includes a reference to the knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or purpose of the person and the person's reasons for the intention, opinion, belief or purpose.

    SECTION 51   EVIDENTIARY CERTIFICATES  

    51(1)  
    A certificate by the Secretary stating:


    (a) that specified amounts have been paid, as a specified kind of payment, to or in relation to a specified person under this Act (including an amount that was paid as a student assistance benefit under this Act as in force before 1 July 1998), a current special educational assistance scheme, or a former special educational assistance scheme, in relation to a specified period; or


    (b) that, on a specified day, a notice, to a specified effect, under subsection 40(1) was given to a specified person by the Secretary;

    is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

    51(2)  
    A certificate given by the Secretary stating:


    (a) that a specified amount was the principal sum at a particular time under a specified financial supplement contract; or


    (b) that a specified amount was the sum of the actual repayments, or the sum of the notional repayments, made before a particular time or during a particular period in respect of a specified financial supplement contract; or


    (c) that a specified amount was the amount, or the total of the amounts, of subsidy paid by the Commonwealth to a specified participating corporation in respect of a specified financial supplement contract in lieu of interest on the principal sum or in lieu of interest on the principal sum in relation to a specified period; or


    (d) that a specified amount was, at a particular time, the amount outstanding under a specified financial supplement contract; or


    (e) that a specified amount was, at a particular time, the indexation amount in relation to a specified financial supplement contract; or


    (f) that the rights, or specified rights, of a specified participating corporation in respect of a specified person under a specified financial supplement contract were assigned by the corporation to the Commonwealth on a specified date; or


    (g) that, on a specified day, a person had an FS debt or FS debts to the Commonwealth of a specified amount or specified amounts; or


    (h) that, on a specified day, a notice, to a specified effect, under a provision of Part 4A was given to a specified person by the Secretary;

    is prima facie evidence of the matters stated in the certificate.

    51(3)  
    In any proceeding, a document purporting to be a certificate by the Secretary under this section is taken, unless the contrary is established, to be such a certificate and to have been duly given.

    SECTION 55   55   TIME FOR INSTITUTING CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS  
    Notwithstanding anything in any other law, proceedings for an offence against the regulations may be instituted within the period of 2 years after the commission of the offence.

    SECTION 55A   APPROPRIATION  

    55A(1)  
    Payment of benefit in relation to:


    (b) the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme; and


    (c) the ABSTUDY Scheme (also known as the Aboriginal Study Assistance Scheme), other than in relation to the away-from-base element of that scheme for mixed mode study;

    is to be made out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which is appropriated accordingly.

    55A(1AAA)  


    Payments in relation to ABSTUDY student start-up loans are to be made out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which is appropriated accordingly.

    55A(1A)  
    The following payments, namely:


    (a) payments of subsidy to a participating corporation under an agreement entered into under section 12D;


    (b) payments to a participating corporation under paragraph 12QB(2)(c), 12QC(2)(c), 12S(2)(c), 12U(2)(b) or 12V(2)(b), subsection 12ZA(11) or paragraph 12ZB(b);

    are to be made out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, which is appropriated accordingly.

    55A(1AA)  
    The Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated as necessary for the purposes of Part 2 of Schedule 11 to the Social Security Legislation (Youth Allowance Consequential and Related Measures) Act 1998.

    Note:

    Part 2 of Schedule 11 to the Social Security Legislation (Youth Allowance Consequential and Related Measures) Act 1998 makes various transitional provisions, with effect from 1 July 1998, that relate to the abolition of the Youth Training Allowance, AUSTUDY and Financial Supplement relating to AUSTUDY. Subsection (1AA) of this section enables money to be appropriated for purposes such as the payment of a benefit under the AUSTUDY scheme after 1 July 1998 following a review under a transitional provision in that Part of that Schedule.

    55A(2)  
    In this section:

    benefit
    includes an advance on account of benefit that is expected to become payable under a scheme mentioned in subsection (1).

    SECTION 56   REGULATIONS  

    56(1)  
    The Governor-General may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Act, prescribing all matters which, by this Act, are required or permitted to be prescribed, or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act, and, in particular:


    (a) making provision in relation to the furnishing of information by applicants for benefits under a current special educational assistance scheme and by persons to whom such benefits have been granted; and


    (aa) making provision in relation to the furnishing of information by applicants under the Student Financial Supplement Scheme or by persons who are parties to financial supplement contracts; and


    (ab) making provision in relation to the furnishing of information relating to persons whose income or assets are required to be taken into account for the purpose of calculating a benefit under a current special educational assistance scheme; and


    (ac) making provision in relation to the furnishing of information relating to persons whose income or assets are required to be taken into account for the purpose of determining the eligibility of a person to obtain financial supplement; and


    (b) making provision for and in relation to the giving of notices and other documents under this Act; and


    (d) prescribing penalties, of imprisonment for a period not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding 10 penalty units, or both, for offences against the regulations.


    (f) (Repealed by No 148 of 2010)

    payments are to be made to a person by the Commonwealth in respect of a debiting of the Account.

    56(2)  
    Regulations may also be made under this section to prescribe matters in relation to any transitional matters (including prescribing any saving or application provisions) arising out of:


    (a) the abolition of:


    (i) the youth training allowance; and

    (ii) the AUSTUDY scheme; and

    (iii) that part of the Student Financial Supplement Scheme that is connected with the AUSTUDY scheme; and


    (b) their replacement by allowances, benefits or payments under the Social Security Act 1991.

    56(3)  
    Without limiting subsection (2), and in spite of any other provisions in this Act or any other Act, regulations under subsection (2) may modify the effect of a provision in Part 2 of Schedule 11 to the Social Security Legislation (Youth Allowance Consequential and Related Measures) Act 1998 so as to:


    (a) enable a payment of a benefit under the AUSTUDY scheme (as previously in force under this Act) to be made to a person in respect of a period ending at the end of 3 July 1998 in specified circumstances; and


    (b) enable such a payment, to the extent that it relates to the period beginning on 1 July 1998 and ending at the end of 3 July 1998, to be disregarded in determining the person's entitlement to any youth allowance or austudy payment under the Social Security Act 1991; and


    (c) enable the receipt by the person of any youth allowance or austudy payment under the Social Security Act 1991, to the extent that it relates to the period referred to in paragraph (b), to be disregarded in determining the person's entitlement to the payment referred to in paragraph (a).

    Part 9-Review of Decisions  

    Division 1-Internal review  

    SECTION 302   APPLICATION OF DIVISION  

    302(1)  
    Unless otherwise stated, this Division applies to:


    (b) all decisions of an officer under this Act relating to the Student Financial Supplement Scheme; or


    (c) all decisions of an officer under this Act relating to the recovery of amounts paid under a current or former special educational assistance scheme.

    Note:

    For officer see subsection 3(1).

    302(2)  


    This Division does not apply to:


    (a) a decision to give a notice under subsection 11D(1) or 11F(1) (decision by Commissioner to notify Secretary that incorrect or cancelled tax file number has been given in relation to ABSTUDY student start-up loan); or


    (b) a decision that is a reviewable decision under section 308A (decision by Commissioner about deferring or amending assessment relating to ABSTUDY student start-up loans); or


    (c) a decision under section 308D or 308F (decision following reconsideration of a decision that is a reviewable decision under section 308A).